Egypt and Ethiopia also furnished a certain number, and Italy a few.
CUSH, the eldest son of Ham, in the Bible, from whom seems to have been derived the name of the "Land of Cush," commonly rendered "Ethiopia" by the Septuagint and by the Vulgate.
On the 10th of April 1891, Menelek communicated to the powers his views with regard to the Italian frontier, and announced his intention of re-establishing the ancient boundaries of Ethiopia as far as Khartum to the north-west and Victoria Nyanza to the south.
In 1625 he set out again, accompanied by Mendez, the patriarch of Ethiopia, and eight missionaries.
The first prefect, Cornelius Gallus, tamed the natives of Upper Egypt to the new yoke by force of arms, and meeting ambassadors from Ethiopia at Philae, established a nominal protectorate of Rome over the frontier district, which had been abandoned by the later Ptolemies.
in alliance with Egypt and Ethiopia, which aimed at throwing off the oppressive tyranny of Assyria; as usual, however, the city-states of Phoenicia could not combine even against a common foe, and several broke away from Tyre, so Menander tells us, and sided with Assyria.
In several passages the interpretation is bound up with that of Mizraim, and depends in general upon the question whether Ethiopia at a given time enjoyed the prominence given to it.
Hanbury, Journal of a Visit to some 'parts of Ethiopia (London, 1822); E.
Mention may also be made of the following: Hecataeus of Miletus (550-476); Acusilaus of Argos, 2 who paraphrased in prose (correcting the tradition where it seemed necessary) the genealogical works of Hesiod in the Ionic dialect; he confined his attention to the prehistoric period, and made no attempt at a real history; Charon of Lampsacus (c. 450), author of histories of Persia, Libya, and Ethiopia, of annals (a)pot) of his native town with lists of the prytaneis and archons, and of the chronicles of Lacedaemonian kings; Xanthus of Sardis in Lydia (c. 450), author of a history of Lydia, one of the chief authorities used by Nicolaus of Damascus (II.
The foe which threatened Judah has become the chastiser of Ethiopia and Assyria (ii.) and the prelude to the golden age (iii., cf.
From Egypt Cambyses attempted the conquest of Ethiopia (Cush), i.e.
Ergamenes (Arkamane), king of Ethiopia, shared with the Ptolemies in the building.
No king Zerah of Ethiopia is known at this period, nor does there seem to be room for such a person" (W.
of the same nature with the Nile, separating Africa and Ethiopia, and forming the boundary of Gaetulia; and it is not improbable that this is the modern Niger.
Up to the present, however, this aspect has been obscured, for until 1907 scholars had little opportunity of studying ancient Ethiopia except as a colonial extension of Egypt.
But after this date Egypt played no part in the evolution of Ethiopia.
The history of Ethiopia therefore as an independent civilization may be said to date from the 8th century B.C., though future researches may be able to carry its infant origins to a remoter past.
For excepting Philae, which belongs as much to Egypt as to Ethiopia, Abu Simbel is the only temple which can be ranked among first rate products of Egyptian genius.
As further explorations bring more inscriptions to light the records of Ethiopia will gradually be placed on a firm documentary basis and the names and achievements of its greatest monarchs will take their place on the roll of history.
In the northern regions, known as Ethiopia or Nubia, Egyptian influence made itself felt as early as the Old Empire.
6 really means Ethiopia, and M-s-r-i-m Egypt, and Put the Libyans, and if Ham is really a Hebraized form of the old Egyptian name for Egypt, Kam-t (black), 5 the passage is puzzling in the extreme.
In Ethiopia the demand for anesthetists is still immense.
The Ancient Egyptians used obsidian in talismans, which had to be imported from Ethiopia.
passerine migrants that have been ringed at Ngulia must have passed through Ethiopia.
You believe you can tackle poverty in Ethiopia in 15 years?
Day 8 Today we depart early, heading for progressively drier thorn savanna in this remote southern section of Ethiopia.
secessionist groups maintain a low-level armed struggle Economy: Ethiopia depends heavily on agriculture, which is often affected by drought.
The hospital consultant had a similar spiel, except, this time it was home births in Ethiopia.
tackle poverty in Ethiopia in 15 years?
thorn savanna in this remote southern section of Ethiopia.
In Ethiopia alone, more than 10 million people have active trachoma.
trachoma in children in central Ethiopia, association with altitude.
warred in Ethiopia, but his sway was long unquestioned from Napata to the Euphrates.
(See SuEz.) The next king, Psammetichus II., 594 589 B.C., according to one account made an expedition to Syria or Phoenicia, and apparently sent a mercenary force into Ethiopia as far as Abu Simbel.
The legends which make him work with Andrew among the Anthropophagi near the Black Sea, or again in Ethiopia (Rufinus, and Socrates, i.
Balthazar Telles made large use of the information therein in his Historia geral da Ethiopia a Alta (Coimbra, 1660), often erroneously attributed to Lobo (see Machado's Bibliotheca Lusitana).
(See Ethiopia.) The best modern representative of Geez is the Tigrina of Tigre and Lasta, which is much purer but less cultivated than the Amharic dialect, which is used in state documents, is current in the central and southern provinces and is much affected by Hamitic elements.
9 seq.) the chapter continues with a short and vague doom " also " upon Cush (Ethiopia) " slain by my sword " (cf.
In process of time powerful states grew up with capitals at Napata and Meroe (see ante § Archaeology and Ethiopia and Egypt).
This has been a common situation throughout areas with high degrees of poverty and is certainly the case in Ethiopia.
Eleni is CEO of the Ethiopian Commodity Exchange, which works like this: Farmers in Ethiopia bring their crops to any of two hundred market centers around the country.
Secessionist groups maintain a low-level armed struggle Economy: Ethiopia depends heavily on agriculture, which is often affected by drought.
Some opposition groups beam radio broadcasts to Ethiopia using hired shortwave transmitters overseas.
I loved Ethiopia, its beautiful countryside and brave, stoical people.
Active trachoma in children in central Ethiopia, association with altitude.
Bringing their adopted son home from Ethiopia turned out to be a much easier transition than Jon and Alyssa had anticipated.
Daughter Zahara was adopted in 2005 as an AIDs orphan from Ethiopia.
In 2005, she began working with the Worldwide Orphans Foundation through the World Health Organization (WHO) toward the betterment of conditions for the children of Ethiopia who have been orphaned by AIDs and/or are HIV positive.
Though Shiloh is their first biological child together, Angelina adopted Maddox, 5, from Cambodia, and Zahara, 2, from Ethiopia.
Angelina Jolie and Pitt, 43, already adopted Maddox, 5, from Cambodia, and Zahara, 2, from Ethiopia, and are also parents to Shiloh who was born in May 2006.
Since these granite sources are not being shipped from as far away as Egypt, Italy or Ethiopia, they are usually less expensive and much easier to get.
Teaching: The most popular position that you will find on your job search in Ethiopia is teaching.
When going to Ethiopia to live you will have to follow their guidelines to be a legal Ethiopian resident.
When looking for jobs in Ethiopia online, beware of whom you give your personal information.
Her daughter Zahara, 1, was adopted from Ethiopia.
Actress Angelina Jolie, currently pregnant with Brad Pitt's child, is the adoptive mother of children from Cambodia and Ethiopia.
Injera is a spongy, sour flatbread, traditional to Ethiopia and Eritrea.
cif Italian influence to a part of northern Somaliland and to the Benadir coast, had, with the support of France and Russia, completed his preparations for asserting his authority as independent ruler of Ethiopia.
The inhabitants of Ethiopia, partly perhaps owing to their honourable mention in the Homeric poems, attracted the attention of many Greek researchers, from Democritus onwards.
330 Frumentius was made first bishop of Ethiopia by Athanasius, patriarch of Alexandria.
FRUMENTIUS (c. 300-c. 360), the founder of the Abyssinian church, traditionally identified in Abyssinian literature with Abba Salama or Father of Peace (but see Ethiopia), was a native of Phoenicia.
The wars in Libya and Ethiopia w4e of less moment.
The main point of the treaty, however, lay in clause 17: His Majesty the king of kings of Ethiopia consents to make use of the government of His Majesty the king of Italy for the treatment of all questions concerning other powers and governments.
Payva died at Cairo; but Covilhao, having heard that a Christian ruler reigned in the mountains of Ethiopia, penetrated into Abyssinia in 1490.
In Ethiopia, too, there were Catholici with less extensive powers, subject to the patriarch of Alexandria.
coast of the Persian Gulf, but as the early navigators pushed their voyages further, the ships rounded the coast of Arabia, and came into the Red Sea, and the names of Magan and the neighbouring Melukhkha gradually extended westward, with the result that in late times to the Assyrians Melukhkha meant Ethiopia.
Among historians who looked upon geography as an important aid in their work are numbered Polybius (c. 210-120 B.C.), Diodorus Siculus (c. 30 B.C.) and Agathachidus of Cnidus (c. 120 B.C.) to whom we are indebted for a valuable account of the Erythrean Sea and the adjoining parts of Arabia and Ethiopia.
In Ethiopia, not only was great veneration paid to the dog, but the inhabitants used to elect a dog as their king.
A similar rock was named obsianus by medieval writers, from its resemblance to a rock discovered in Ethiopia by one Obsius.
It comprised the whole of the portion of the African continent known to the ancients, except Egypt and Ethiopia.
i i already speaks of Israelites captive in these districts as well as in Egypt, Ethiopia and the East.
ETHIOPIA, or Aeth10pia (Gr.
Ethiopia became independent towards the 11th century B.C., when the XXIst Dynasty was reigning in Egypt.
After the Ethiopian yoke had been shaken off by Egypt, about 660 B.C., Ethiopia continued independent, under kings of whom not a few are known from inscriptions.
Occasional notices of Ethiopia occur from this time onwards in Greek and Latin authors, though the special treatises by Agatharchides and others are lost.
The royal inscriptions are written in the hieroglyphic character and the Egyptian language, which, however, in the opinion of experts, steadily deteriorate after the separation of Ethiopia from Egypt.
For the period between the rise of Islam and the beginning of the modern history of Abyssinia there are a few notices in Arabic writers; so we have a notice of a war between Ethiopia and Nubia about 687 (C. C. Rossini in Giorn.
In the 6th century they received a new impulse from a monk of 'the name of Jacob, who united the various divisions into which the Eutychians, or Monophysites, had separated into one church, which exists at the present time under the name of the Jacobite Church, and has numerous adherents in Armenia, Egypt and Ethiopia.
300, when it was conquered by Ethiopia.
The term appears to have been unknown to the ancients, by whom everything south of Egypt was vaguely called Ethiopia, the land of the dark races.
(For the history of the country during this period see Ethiopia).
For the history of this kingdom see Ethiopia.
In addition to the translation of the Catechism, Paez is supposed to be the author of a treatise De Abyssinorum erroribus and a history of Ethiopia (ed.
His zeal prompted him to undertake an embassy to the king of Ethiopia, in order to stimulate him against the converts whom he had taken under his protection, but he returned a convert to the Mahommedan faith and joined the fugitive prophet at Medina.
They succeeded in subjecting the other rebels, and, after a hard fight at Pelusium, and many intrigues, conquered Egypt (343); Nectanebus fled to Ethiopia.
The Asiatic story then died away, but the name remained, and the royal presbyter was now assigned a locus in Ethiopia.
At the bottom of the double allocation there was, no doubt, that confusion of Ethiopia with India which is as old as Virgil and perhaps older.
fn4 In a Spanish work of about the same date, by an anonymous Franciscan, we are told that the emperor called "Abdeselib, which means servant of the Cross," is a protector of Preste Juan, who is the patriarch of Nubia and Ethiopia, and is lord of many great lands, and many cities of Christians, though they be black as "Catalani."
There was probably no direct intercourse with Egypt by way of the Nile, owing to the lake-like marshes between Bor and Fashoda, but instead an overland traffic with Ethiopia (the Land of Punt) via Mt Elgon and the Rudolf regions.
that he was blind of one eye; that he was the Elihu of Job; that, as one of Pharaoh's counsellors, he was governor of a city of Ethiopia, and rebelled against Pharaoh; Moses was sent against him by Pharaoh at the head of an army, and stormed the city and put Balaam to flight, &c. &c.
In the inscription of Adulis (2nd century) the king of Ethiopia claims to have made war in Arabia from Leucocome to the land of the Sabaean king.
Butt as the religion of the hostile Ethiopians, Christianity found political obstacles to its adoption in Yemen; and, as heathenism had quite lost its power, it is intelligible that Dhu Nuwas, who was at war with Ethiopia before the last fatal struggle, became a Jew.
It was possibly visited by Genoese navigators in 1291, and was certainly discovered by the Portuguese c. 1446, but was first explored for any distance from its mouth (1455) by the Venetian Alvise Cadamosto (q.v.), who published an account of his travels at Vicenza in 1507 (La Prima Navigazione per l'Oceano alle terre de' Negri della Bassa Ethiopia) .
But the connexion of the god with Puoni may have grown out of the fact that dwarf dancers were especially brought to Egypt from Ethiopia and Puoni.
Tellez, Historia de Ethiopia (Coimbra, 1660); Alvarez, translated and edited for the Hakluyt Soc. by Lord Stanley of Alderley, under the title Narrative of the Portuguese Embassy to Abyssinia (London, 1881); Ludolphus, History of Ethiopia (London, 1684, and other works); T.
Josephus in turn has another story wherein Moses leads the Egyptians against Ethiopia (Ant.
As he states himself: " Westward I have journeyed to the parts of Etruria opposite Sardinia; towards the south from the Euxine to the borders of Ethiopia; and perhaps not one of those who have written geographies has visited more places than I have between those limits."
He was the god of Ethiopia and the Thebais which were antagonistic to the progressive north.
Conquering Pharaohs brought home trains of prisoners and spoil, embassies came thither of strange people in every variety of costume and of every hue of skin, from Ethiopia, Puoni (Punt), Mesopotamia, Asia Minor, Libya, and the islands of the Mediterranean, bringing precious stones, rare animals, beautiful slaves, costly garments and vessels of gold and silver, while the ground shook with the movement of colossal architraves, statues and obelisks.
From the Ptolemaic kingdom Hellenism early travelled up the Nile into Ethiopia.
When Ethiopia became a Christian country in the 4th century, its connexion with the Hellenistic world became closer.
The cult of the supreme god spread throughout Egypt and was carried by the Egyptian conquerors into other lands, Syria, Ethiopia and Libya, and was accepted by the natives both in Ethiopia and in the Libyan cases, where civilization was low and Egyptian influence permanent.
In the XXIst dynasty the secondary line of priest kings of Thebes upheld his dignity to the best of their power, and the XXIInd dynasty favoured Thebes: but as the sovereignty weakened the division between Upper and Lower Egypt asserted itself, and thereafter Thebes would have rapidly decayed had it not been for the piety of the kings of Ethiopia towards Ammon, whose worship had long prevailed in their country.
Ammon (Zeus) continued to be the great god of Thebes in its decay, and notwithstanding that a nome-capital in the north of the Delta and many lesser temples, from El Hibeh in Middle Egypt to Canopus on the sea, acknowledged Ammon as their supreme divinity, he probably in some degree represented the national aspirations of Upper Egypt as opposed to Middle and Lower Egypt: he also remained the national god of Ethiopia, where his name was pronounced Amane.
(Amenhotp), succeeding Amasis, fought in Libya and Ethiopia.
Ethiopia may have been ruled with the Thebais, but the records of the time are very scanty.
A native kingdom had meanwhile been established in Ethiopia.
The mercenary troops at Elephantine mutinied and attempted to desert to Ethiopia, but were brought back and punished.
Cambyses at first conciliated the Egyptians and respected their religion; but, perhaps after the failure of his expedition into Ethiopia, he enti~ely changed his policy, and his The memory was generally execrated.
Nekhtnebf, instead of endeavouring to relieve them, retreated to Memphis and fled thence to Ethiopia, 340 (?) B.C.
No serious effort was made to extend the Ptolemaic rule into Ethiopia, and Ergamenes, the Hellenizing king of Ethiopia, was evidently in alliance with Philopator; in the next reign two native kings, probably supported by Ethiopia, reigned in succession at Thebes.
But no attempt was made to hold Ethiopia.
(7th century), and not only are they in touch with Judah and Samaria, but in Psamtek's time an effort was made by the Asiatic and other mercenaries to escape into Ethiopia (J.
a bull constituting him " lord of the navigation, conquest, and trade of Ethiopia, Arabia, Persia, and India."
After the rise of the Ethiopian empire the history of Eritrea is bound up with that of Ethiopia, but not so entirely as to be completely fused.
He is commemorated as a martyr by the Greek Church on the 16th of November, and by the Roman on the 21st of September, the scene of his martyrdom being placed in Ethiopia.
According to Herodotus, Diodorus Siculus (who calls him Sesoosis) and Strabo, he conquered the whole world, even Scythia and Ethiopia, divided Egypt into administrative districts or nomes, was a great law-giver, and introduced a system of caste and the worship of Serapis.
raided south Palestine and Ethiopia, and at Semna beyond the second cataract set up a stela of conquest that in its expressions recalls the stelae of Sesostris in Herodotus: Sesostris may, therefore, be the highly magnified portrait of this Pharaoh.
In the case of Tearchus, the miscellaneous levies which he employed himself and those which composed the Egyptian and Assyrian armies opposed to him, and the lands that Egypt and Ethiopia traded with, must all have been counted, partly through misunderstanding, partly through wilful perversion, to his empire.
Expeditions were talked of to the Caspian Sea and Ethiopia, but Nero was no soldier and quickly turned to a more congenial field.
1, that he "reigned from India even unto Ethiopia, over an hundred and seven and twenty provinces"; and that it was also the distinction of Darius that (Esther x.
7), to the advance of Tirhakah, king of Ethiopia (v.
- In 1500 King Emanuel assumed the title " Lord of the conquest, navigation and commerce of India, Ethiopia, Arabia and Persia," which was confirmed by Pope Alexander VI.
They include, to quote, the more noteworthy, the Descobrimento de Frolida, the Itinerario of Antonio Tenreiro, the Verdadeira informacao das terras do Preste Joao by Francisco Alvares,'and the Ethiopia oriental by Frei Joao dos Santos, both dealing with Abyssinia, the Itinerario da terra santa by Frei Pantaleao de Aveiro, and that much-translated classic, the Historia da vida do padre Francisco Xavier by Padre Joao de Lucena.
The last also wrote an Historia da Ethiopia, and, though the travel literature of this century compares badly with that of the preceding, mention may be made of the Itinerario da India por terra ate' a ilha de Chipre of Frei Gaspar de S.
Tirhakah, who had reoccupied Egypt, fled to Ethiopia, and the Assyrian army spent forty days in ascending the Nile from Memphis to Thebes.
ABYSSINIA (officially Ethiopia), an inland country and empire of N.E.
History (12) Abyssinia, or at least the northern portion of it, was included in the tract of country known to the ancients as Ethiopia, the northern limits of which reached at one time to about Syene.
The connexion between Egypt and Ethiopia was in early times very intimate, and occasionally the two countries were under the same ruler, so that the arts and civilization of the one naturally found their way into the other.
Under the Ptolemies, the arts as well as the enterprise of the Greeks entered Ethiopia, and led to the establishment of Greek colonies.
from the shore (see Ethiopia, The Axumite Kingdom).
(13) Christianity was introduced into the country by Frumentius, who was consecrated first bishop of Ethiopia by St Athanasius of Alexandria about A.D.
He accordingly collected an army, crossed over into Arabia, and conquered Yemen (c. 525), which remained subject to Ethiopia for about fifty years.
Shortly afterwards Kassa moved against Tigre, defeated Ubie's forces at Deragie, in Simen (February 1855), took their chief prisoner and proclaimed himself negus negusti of Ethiopia under the name of Theodore III.
The preamble of the document declared that it was the common interest of the three Powers "to maintain intact the integrity of Ethiopia," and Article I.
provided for their co-operation in maintaining "the political and territorial status quo in Ethiopia."
Ethiopia to the Sudan," vol.
In 1289 he revisited the Papal Court, and was sent out as Roman legate to the Great Khan, the Ilkhan of Persia, and other leading personages of the Mongol world, as well as to the emperor of Ethiopia " or Abyssinian Negus.
He next appears in " Cambaliech " or Peking, and wrote letters (of January 8, 1305, and February 13, 1306), describing the progress of the Roman mission in the Far East, in spite of Nestorian opposition; alluding to the Roman Catholic community he had founded in India, and to an appeal he had received to preach in " Ethiopia " and dealing with overland and oversea routes to " Cathay," from the Black Sea and the Persian Gulf respectively.
Breasted and some account of the temples and fortresses from Halfa to Khartum will be found in the following section, Ancient Monuments south of Haifa, while the history of the early and medieval Christian kingdoms is outlined in the articles Ethiopia and Dongola.
collaboratepacity-building perspective, ELISA kits were sent to collaborating laboratories in Ethiopia, Ghana, and The Gambia.
Collective security lies dead among the mountains of Ethiopia.
deposed emperor of Ethiopia, is considered divine by the Rastafarian religion.
total disbursements of EC aid to Ethiopia in 1997 amounted to approximately ECU 116 million.
dykeismic data suggests that most of the dike intrusion in Ethiopia happened in about a week.
Four fifths of Ethiopia's montane forests have been destroyed, and the destruction continues.
Abebe Bikila, of Ethiopia, won consecutive gold medals in the marathon in 1960 and 1964, first barefoot, then with shoes.
headwaters of the second most important tributary of the Nile from Ethiopia.
In 1983/4 I visited Ethiopia twice where I saw many Zander frame hives apiaries.
Ethiopia Before leaving, I obtained a single-entry visa from the Ethiopian Embassy in Pretoria.
Bochart maintained that it was exclusively in Arabia; Schulthess and Gesenius held that it should be sought for nowhere but in Africa (see Ethiopia).
Although decisive evidence is lacking, it seems extremely probable that several references to Cush in the Old Testament cannot refer to Ethiopia, despite the likelihood that considerable confusion existed in the minds of early writers.
concluding, at Adis Ababa, a provisional treaty annulling the treaty of Uccialli; recognizing the absolute independence of Ethiopia; postponing for one year the definitive delimitation of the Italo-Abyssinian boundary, but allowing the Italians meanwhile to hold the strong MarebBelesa-Muna line; and arranging for the release of the Italian prisoners after ratification of the treaty in exchange for an indemnity of which the amount was to be fixed by the Italian government.
From the evidence of the stele of the second (the Coronation Stele) and that of the fifth it has been inferred that the sovereignty early in this period became elective, a deputation of the various orders in the realm being (as Diodorus states), when a vacancy occurred, sent to Napata, where the chief god Amen selected out of the members of the royal family the person who was to succeed, and who became officially the god's son; and it seems certain that the priestly caste was more influential in Ethiopia than in Egypt both before and after this period.
(See further Ethiopia: The Axumite Kingdom.) Hira, Ghass¢n and Kinda.
In the 8th century B.C. Sais held the hegemony of the Western Delta, while Bubastite families ruled in the east and the kings of Ethiopia in Upper Egypt.
4.2) says that the extreme south of Arabia, over against Ethiopia, is inhabited by four great nations - the Minaeans (MEwa.ot, Mnva70t; Ma`in of the inscriptions) on the Red Sea, whose chief city is Carna; next to them the Sabaeans, whose capital is Mariaba (Mariab of the inscriptions); then the Catabanes (Qataban of the inscriptions), near the Straits of Bab-el-Mandeb, the seat of whose king is Tamna; fourthly, and farthest east, the people of Hadramut (Cha.tramotitae), with their city Sabota.
The uten was also binarily divided into 128 peks of gold in Ethiopia; this may refer to another standard (see 129) (33).
Ultimately the Egyptians, when their insularity disappeared under the successive dominations of Ethiopia, Assyria and Persia, described themselves as rem-n-Ki.ni, men of Egypt.
The word usage examples above have been gathered from various sources to reflect current and historial usage. They do not represent the opinions of YourDictionary.com.