There are no data for estimating Measures.
The atomic weight of boron has been determined by estimating the water content of pure borax (J.
In estimating the letterpress, which was avowedly held to be of secondary importance to the plates, we must bear in mind that, to ensure the success of his works, it had to be written to suit a very peculiarly composed body of subscribers.
The grazier buys and sells cattle much less frequently than the butcher buys them, so that the latter is naturally more skilled in estimating the weight of a beast through the use of the eye and the hand.
But it did more than this; by the king's instructions it endeavoured to make a national valuation list, estimating the annual value of all the land in the country, (1) at the time of King Edward's death, (2) when the new owners received it, (3) at the time of the survey, and further, it reckoned, by command, the potential value as well.
webs serve not only for pointing on stars to determine their coordinates (in manner afterwards described), but also for estimating the diameters of the star-images in terms of these 4" intervals.
In estimating the work of one who stands at the head of the religious and legal institutions of Israel, it is necessary to refrain from interpreting the traditions from a modern legal standpoint or in the light of subsequent ideas and beliefs for which the sources themselves give no authority.
In estimating Buchner's philosophy it must be remembered that he was primarily a physiologist, not a metaphysician.
A familiar practical method of estimating carcase weight from live weight is to reckon one Smithfield stone (8 lb) of carcase for each imperial stone (14 lb) of live weight.
Shaken with mercury and sulphuric acid, nitroglycerin yields its nitrogen as nitric oxide; the measurement of the volume of this gas is a convenient mode of estimating nitroglycerin.
But here again another mistaken idea arose, owing to a faulty method of estimating the benzene, and there is no doubt that methane is one of the most important of the hydrocarbons present, when the gas is burnt in such a way as to evolve from it the proper illuminating power, whilst the benzene vapour, small as the quantity is, comes next in importance and the ethylene last.
Hence, his method in deciding moral questions is chiefly that of estimating the tendency of actions to promote or diminish the general happiness.
Horned cattle constituted the chief wealth of the country, and were the standard for estimating the worth of anything, for the Irish had no coined money and carried on all commerce by barter.
In estimating the religious value of Deuteronomy it should never be forgotten that upon this passage the greatest eulogy ever pronounced on any scripture was pronounced by Christ himself, when he said "on these words hang all the law and the prophets," and it is also well to remember that when tempted in the wilderness he repelled each suggestion of the Tempter by a quotation from Deuteronomy.
This must be remembered in considering nearly all his writings, and also in estimating his position, both in relation to the ruling clerical party - the Jesuits - and also to the politics of the court of Piedmont after the accession of Charles Albert in 1831.
We assessed the accuracy of our methodology by estimating local abundance by direct observation.
Biographical data, treatment patterns, and clinical impressions were analyzed by the generalized linear model and generalized estimating equations method.
Earlier work established the potential for estimating spectral irradiance from multi-band data using a neural network technique (Milton et al., 2000 ).
A basic ship's log was used as a means of estimating the speed of a vessel, and so roughly calculating the longitude.
Practical sessions will cover all areas of measurement including basic metrology, estimating uncertainties and applying corrections.
rainfall simulators, and estimating from models.
Now based at Babcock BES, Graeme works in the business process improvement team developing the estimating and tendering process for naval ship refit.
The task of estimating the amount of oil reserves is complex.
The method of estimating future benzene roadside and background concentrations is similar to that used for calculating exceedances of the 5 ppb standard.
schematic illustration of the analysis steps involved in estimating the PICA model.
Estimating the numbers potentially affected is likely to be of particular relevance where existing severance is severe.
Topics covered in this Bulletin include experimental design, reconnaisance methods, field plots, rainfall simulators, and estimating from models.
trapezium rule This is a useful method of estimating the area under a graph.
Estimating suspended sediment concentrations from ocean color measurements in moderately turbid waters; the impact of variable particle scattering properties.
Errors in estimating this white noise variance are translated to errors in scale of the AR spectral values.
The wire being paid out without slack measures the actual distance and speed over the ground, and the engineer in charge is relieved of all anxiety in estimating the depth from the scattered soundings of the preliminary survey, or in calculating the retarding strain required to produce the specified slack, since the brakesman merely has to follow the indications of the instrument and regulate the strain so as to keep the pointer at the figure required - an easy task, seeing that the ratio of speed of wire and cable is not affected by the motion of the ship, whatever be the state of the sea, whereas the will I',/ OW= o a ' 30 30 ao.
Chem., 18 94, 5, p. 280), by heating pure sodium molybdate in hydrochloric acid and estimating the amount of sodium chloride formed, obtained the value 96.087.
Thus, if a railway contractor has to make a tunnel through a hill of gravel., and if one cubic yard of the gravel is so like another cubic yard that for the purposes of the contract they may be taken as equivalent, then, in estimating the work required to remove the gravel from the tunnel, he may, without fear of error, make his calculations as if the gravel were a continuous substance.
In 1908 the Geological Survey issued a preliminary map of the then known areas productive of oil and natural gas in the United States, estimating the extent of the former at 8850 and of the latter at 9365 sq.
(See Telepathy.) Both among civilized and uncivilized peoples there is a widespread belief that the apparition of a living person is an omen of death; but until the Society of Psychical Research undertook the statistical examination of the question, there were no data for estimating the value of the belief.
Figure 4: Schematic illustration of the analysis steps involved in estimating the PICA model.
An example of estimating the elasto-plastic buckling stress through use of the material tangent modulus is given.
Trapezium Rule This is a useful method of estimating the area under a graph.
Several websites offer links to estimating calculators.
Energy Matters has an interactive calculator for estimating the feasibility and cost of your wind energy system.
Décor magazines and online resources are great sources for estimating your decorating projects.
A financial aid calculator is a useful tool for estimating your potential college costs.
It is very important to figure the pitch of the roof when estimating as it will directly affect the final estimate.
If you do a lot of roofing work, and a lot of estimating Roof Estimator could easily save you hours of time each week.
A general guideline for valuing a book using either Abe Books or Alibris is estimating the value to be between 40-60 percent of the listed retail price.
Estimating the actual value of your machine will take some research.
While most RV experts don't recommend relying on a single source for estimating camper values, the NADA Guide and Kelly Blue Book publications can be an excellent starting point.
Catts, H. et al. "Estimating the Risk of future Reading Difficulties in Kindergarten Children: A Research-based Model and its Clinical Implementation."
Bone age assessments also have forensic application, such as estimating the chronological age of a cadaver.
The following are good reasons why estimating conception date accurately matters.
The main problem with this kind of thinking is estimating your child's size a year in advance.
If you're good at estimating your child's size for the following year, you can often find great deals at end-of-the-year clearance sales.
Advertisements are a big part of the media exposure for children, with the American Association of Pediatrics estimating that children see 40,000 commercials a year.
For example, estimating that you typically spend $100 per month on new clothes when this number is actually closer to $300 will guarantee that your zero-based budget fails.
When estimating your shopping budget, make sure to factor in shipping to you as well as the cost of return shipping.
Also offers some great articles about estimating the value of a used watch.
Videos are the latest internet craze, with some analysts estimating that millions of people watch internet videos each day.
Because it is computed by estimating a variety of factors, the GVW provides only an estimate for the weight of your car.
Over the years, the team at CBB perfected a method for estimating car values.
Used mainly in the Southeastern U.S., the Black Book is a reliable resource for estimating car values.
Because it is computed by estimating a variety of factors, the GVW provides only a ballpark figure for the weight of your car.
Pre-packaged meals and snacks available from Lean Cuisine involve no estimating, so portion size is not at issue.
Estimating how much of each ingredient is in your meal is guesswork at its finest.
Unlike a wedding or retirement party, graduation parties usually do not ask guests to RSVP, making estimating numbers very difficult.
Estimating your tax return is a four step process.
For purposes of estimating your return these documents do not necessarily need to be legal, but should be when you file your official return.
Nevertheless, estimating its amount will advise you if you should pay more to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) to avoid being penalized at the end of the year.
A comparison of the various methods for estimating sulphur has been given by O.
Passing now to the examination of the budget, it should be observed that the method of estimating the revenues - a matter of great difficulty owing to the previous want of method - is described by Laurent as follows: " For every nature of receipts the total effective collections for the five last known years were set out, the averages were taken of these and the increase or decrease of the yearly average of those same years was worked out and added to or deducted from the figure previously obtained.
He suggested that the method was applicable for quantitatively estimating glucose, but its acceptance only followed after H.
From his views on centrifugal force he deduced the oblate figure of the earth, estimating its compression, however, at little more than one-half its actual amount.
A convenient and rapid method of estimating a magnetic moment has been devised by H.
Thus in estimating the intensity at a focal point, where, in the absence of aberration, all the secondary waves would have exactly the same phase, we see that an aberration nowhere exceeding 4X can have but little effect.
Chem-., 1905, 47, p. 1 45), who, by estimating the ratios of strontium bromide and chloride to silver, obtained the values 87.663 and 87.661.
There is a radical difference between the points of view of the Japanese and the Western connoisseur in estimating tbe Japanese merits of sculpture in metal.
In estimating this wonderful productiveness on the part of a man sixty years old, it should be remembered that it was a habit of Defoe's to keep his work in manuscript sometimes for long periods.
So certain is the ore-bearing formation that engineers in estimating its auriferous contents feel justified in assuming, as a factor in their calculations, a vertical extension limited only by the lowest depths at which mining is feasible.
"At Chai-tang," wrote Baron von Richthofen, "I was surprised to walk over a regular succession of coal-bearing strata, the thickness of which, estimating it step by step as I proceeded gradually from the lowest to the highest strata, exceeds 7000 ft."
To the atomist the true method of estimating the quantity of matter in a body is to count the atoms of it.
In estimating the great work of Herodotus, and his genius as its author, it is above all things necessary to conceive aright what that work was intended to be.
represents "a small glass instrument for estimating the specific gravities of liquors," an account of which was promised by Boyle in the following number of the Phil.
On the whole, as Philo and Josephus agree in estimating their number at 4000 (Philo, Q.O.P.L.
Having a happy knack of estimating character, especially when acquainted with the histories of the persons in question, the good pastor contrived to write a graphic and readable book, but one much inferior to Porta's or Aristotle's as a systematic treatise.
The history of these Greek dynasties is for us almost a blank, and for estimating the amount and quality of Hellenism in Bactria during the 180 years or so of Macedonian and Greek rule, we are reduced to building hypotheses upon the scantiest data.
Literary Records.In estimating the sources of information regarding pre-Christlan Egypt, the native sources, first opened to us by Champollion, are infinitely the most important.
The method of estimating the area of irregular fields and the cubic contents of granaries, &c., is very faulty.
In estimating this drama we must bear in mind Goethe's own Strassburg life, and the turbulent spirit of his own age, rather than the historical facts, which the poet found in the autobiography of his hero published in 1731.
The earlier forms of ice-calorimeter, those of Black, and of Laplace and Lavoisier, were useless for work of precision, on account of the impossibility of accurately estimating the quantity of water left adhering to the ice in each case.
His services to industry included his improvements in the processes for the manufacture of sulphuric acid (1818) and oxalic acid (1829); methods of estimating the amount of real alkali in potash and soda by the volume of standard acid required for neutralization, and for estimating the available chlorine in bleaching powder by a solution of arsenious acid; directions for the use of the centesimal alcoholometer published in 1824 and specially commended by the Institute; and the elaboration of a method of assaying silver by a standard solution of common salt, a volume on which was published in 1833.
It was first employed in the case of steam by Peabody as a means of estimating the wetness of saturated steam, which is an important factor in testing the performance of an engine.
It should be understood that the instantaneous centre considered in the preceding paragraphs is available only for estimating relative velocities; it cannot be used in a similar manner for questions regarding acceleration.
The risks which they would have run if they had remained on board throughout are taken into account, as will presently appear, in estimating how much of the damage is to be made good.
Hence, in estimating the amount to be made good, the value of the goods or property sacrificed must be estimated as on arrival, with reference to the condition in which they would probably have arrived had they remained on board throughout the voyage.
For example, various sugars - lactose, glucose, saccharose, &c. - are added to test the fermentative action of the bacterium on these substances; litmus is added to show changes in reaction, specially standardized media being used for estimating such changes; peptone solution is commonly employed for testing whether or not the bacterium forms indol; sterilized milk is used as a culture medium to determine whether or not it is curdled by the growth.
In estimating the opsonic power of the serum in cases of disease a control with normal serum is made at the same time and under precisely the same conditions.
By adding an alcoholic solution of iodine to a solution of the sulphate in acetic acid a compound known as herapathite, 4Qu 3H 2 SO 4.2HI Ie6H 2 O, is obtained, which possesses optical properties similar to those of tourmaline; it is soluble in Iwo parts of boiling water; and its sparing solubility in cold alcohol has been utilized for estimating quinine quantitatively.
The neglect of these facts has led to many errors in estimating the mean rainfall on watershed areas from the fall observed at gauges in particular parts of those areas.
In estimating the evaporation to be deducted from the rainfall for the purpose of determining the flow into a reservoir, it is important to bear in mind that the loss from a constant water surface is nearly one and a half times as great as from the intermittently saturated land surface.
With further experience it has become obvious that very few reservoirs are capable of equalizing the full flow of the three consecutive driest years, and each engineer, in estimating the yield of such reservoirs, has deducted from the quantity ascertained on the assumption that they do so, a certain quantity representing, according to his judgment, the overflow which in one or more of such years might be lost from the reservoir.
Further, the trabeculae may be evenly spaced throughout the septum, or may be grouped together, and this feature is probably of value in estimating the affinities of corals.
The Penitentials 5 are collections intended for the guidance of confessors in estimating the penances to be imposed for various sins, according to the discipline in force in the Anglo =ten - Saxon countries.
He had his fathers faculty for gauging public opinion, and estimating dangers, and though his more venturous temperament led him to press on far beyond the point at which the seventh Henry would have halted, he always stopped short on the hither side of the gulf.
If you are comfortable measuring and counting fat in foods you eat, you will soon develop an instinct for estimating the fat content of your food choices and how it relates to your daily requirements.
A mat is also helpful in estimating where your feet and hands should be during certain exercises.
Most party planners suggest estimating around 80 percent attendance (unless you know of extenuating circumstances that would affect a large group).
In estimating the comparative advantages and disadvantages of this wearisome period of his life, he has summed up with the impartiality of a philosopher and the sagacity of a man of the world.
In estimating Brewster's place among scientific discoverers the chief thing to be borne in mind is that the bent of his genius was not characteristically mathematical.
Latreille,2 rightly estimating the value of these differences, though he was not an original worker in the field of vertebrate zoology, proposed to separate Brongniart's Batrachia from the class of Reptilia proper, as a group of equal value, for which he retained the Linnaean name of Amphibia.
yet we should remember, in estimating the value of this and of other speculations which have given place to new views in the history of science, the words of the great reformer himself.
The wave motion due to any element of the surface is called a secondary wave, and in estimating the total effect regard must be paid to the phases as well as the amplitudes of the components.
Further, it is evident that account must be taken of the variation of phase in estimating the magnitude of the effect at P of the first zone.
In estimating theoretically the resolving power on a double star we have to consider the illumination of the field due to the superposition of the two independent images.
His method of estimating the relative lunar and solar distances is geometrically correct, though the instrumental means at his command rendered his data erroneous.
In the present day engineers are in accord as to the principles of estimating the magnitude of the stresses on the members of a structure, but not so in proportioning the members to resist those stresses.
I: Jahresb., 1849, 2231 by estimating the amount of carbon dioxide formed on burning graphite or diamond in a current of oxygen, the value obtained being 12.0 (o = 16).
In estimating the length of time occupied by this first missionary journey, it must be remembered that a sea voyage could never have been undertaken, and land travel only rarely, during the winter months, say November to March; and as the amount of the work accomplished is obviously more than could fall within the travelling season of a single year, the winter of 47-4 8 must have been spent in the interior, and return to the coast and to Syria made only some time before the end of autumn A.D.
But the essential narrowness and timidity of his general outlook prevented him from detecting and estimating latent forces, either in politics or in matters strictly intellectual and moral; and this lack of understanding and sympathy accounts for his distrust and dislike of the passion and fancy of Shelley and Keats, and for his praise of the half-hearted and elegant romanticism of Rogers and Campbell.
And, besides the propaedeutic importance which thus belongs to it, another fact has to be taken into account in estimating the influence of Neoplatonism.
No proper statistical basis for estimating the quotas existed, and the device gave each state a plausible reason for attempting secession on occasion.
The word usage examples above have been gathered from various sources to reflect current and historial usage. They do not represent the opinions of YourDictionary.com.