The population of towns over 100,000 is given in the following table according to the estimates for 1906.
In 1904 official estimates, based on immigration and emigration returns and upon registered births and deaths, both of which are admittedly defective, showed a population increased to 5,410,028, and a small diminution in the rate of annual increase from 1895 to 1904 as compared with 18.69-1895.
Except in regard to an increase of the army estimates, urgently demanded by public opinion, the new ministry had practically no programme.
Dan's estimates were always conservative.
In January 1895 a special session of congress was summoned to take into consideration the financial proposals of the government, which included an increase in the naval and military estimates.
Railways, roads and harbours which contractors had undertaken to construct for reasonable amounts were frequently made to cost thrice the original estimates.
In the spring of 1887 Genala, minister of public works, was taken to task for having sanctioned expenditure of 80,000,000 on railway construction while only 40,000,000 had been included in the estimates.
The following approximate figures are taken from the American Jewish Year-Book for1909-1910and are based on similar estimates in the English Jewish Year-Book, the Jewish Encyclopedia, Nossig's Jiidische Statistik and the Reports of the Alliance Israelite Universelle.
According to these estimates the total Jewish population of the world in the year named was approximately 11,500,000.
(but various authorities differ considerably in their detailed estimates).
It is important to notice that the figures relating to total production and yield per acre are only estimates, and it is not claimed for them that they are anything more.
The fact that much of the wheat to which the figures apply is still in the stack after the publication of the figures shows that the latter are essentially estimates.
No very great reliance can be placed upon the figures relating to turnips (which include swedes), as these are mostly fed to sheep on the ground, so that the estimates as to yield are necessarily vague.
In the investigation of past times, the incommensurate elements of well-being are so numerous that merely money estimates are frequently misleading.
The same tone was maintained in his speech on introducing the naval estimates.
There was a slight decline of £300,000 in the total of these estimates; but this was merely a pause after the £12,000,000 increase of the past three years; and by the summer a new German navy law necessitated a supplementary estimate of about a million.
Once more a supplementary estimate, largely due to aircraft development, added two millions and a half; and in 1914 Mr. Churchill introduced the highest estimates hitherto on record, £51,J50,000 - an increase on the total of 1913 of some two millions and threequarters.
Meanwhile, he had thrown out, on the estimates of 1913, a hint to Germany that all naval Powers might well take a year's holiday from shipbuilding; but, though he repeated and emphasized his plea for this " naval holiday " in a speech in the autumn of 1913, it met with no response from Berlin.
He made considerable progress in the following two years, but he was greatly criticized for the size of his estimates, and especially for the large forces retained in Mesopotamia and Palestine.
West Virginia, estimates that in fairly good producing sand a cubic foot of rock contains from 6 to 12 pints of oil.
The agents of the finance ministry, instead of being mere clerks, are now employed in " the assessment and collection of taxes, the control of expenditure, the preparation and execution of the budget, the estimates of the necessary cash required at different points of the empire - all that, in fine, constitutes the real financial administration of a great empire."
The total revenues of the empire are thus estimated to produce 725,848,332, and seeing the careful and moderate manner in which the estimates have been framed, this may be looked upon rather as a minimum than a maximum.
It became clear that only very rough estimates of the numbers of planktonic organisms in a volume of sea-water as large as (say) 10 cubic metres could be made, but that these estimates could nevertheless be trusted to show very marked regional and seasonal differences.
Daly estimates that the maximum lowering of ocean level due to this cause would only amount to 36 fathoms, but even that would be the cause of very marked geological effects.
Nearly 20,000 men (40,000 according to other estimates) are living in Siberia the life of brodyagi (runaways or outlaws), trying to make their way through the forests to their native provinces in Russia.
The service of the national debt absorbs a very large part of the expenditure, about 45% of the estimates for 1907 being assigned to the department of finance.
The publications of the London County Council, especially the tramways accounts, the annual estimates, London Statistics, and the Financial Abstract (to years ended 31st March 1908) have much valuable information.
He estimates the population to have been 180,000 persons, which Dr Creighton affirms to be nearly three times the number that we obtain by a moderate calculation from the bills of mortality in 1532 and 1 535.
The valuation of mines then involves the following steps: (1) The sampling of the deposit so far as developed, and assaying of the samples taken; (2) The measurement of the developed ore; (3) estimates of the probable amount of ore in the undeveloped part of the property; (4) estimates of probable profits, life of the mine, and determination of the value of the property.
This applies with even greater force to estimates of undeveloped portions of the property.
In the majority of instances, however, the estimates of undeveloped ore contain a large element of uncertainty.
The population of Khaibar consists almost entirely of the latter, and in Hail Huber estimates the pure Arab inhabitants at only one-third of the whole.
Estimates of the population of Arabia vary enormously, and the figures given in the following table can only be regarded as a very rough approximation: 4,825,000 Communications.
Ramsay (Lancaster and York) estimates that in the four years from 1399 to 1403 they had received from the king the sum of X41,750, which represented a very large capital in the 14th century, and they had also received considerable grants of land.
It is believed, however, that this and other larger estimates are excessive.
Meteoric observation has depended upon rough and hurried eye estimates in past years, but the importance of attaining greater accuracy by means of photography has been recognized.
He estimates the rank of a specimen by the quality of the chisel-work.
They form one series, and, besides valuable estimates of new books, include original dissertations, articles and biographies like our modern learned magazines.
Estimates of Pilate's attitude at this point have varied infinitely, from Tertullian's, that he was " already in conviction a Christian " - jam pro sua conscientia Christianus- to Bacon's " jesting Pilate," who would not stay for a reply.
During the same period the critical estimates of the poet have fluctuated in a truly extraordinary manner.
The sober lists of names with which it opens; the account of the embassy, so business-like in its estimates of costs and terms, and suddenly breaking into a fervent description of how the six deputies, "prostrating themselves on the earth and weeping warm tears, begged the doge and people of Venice to have pity on Jerusalem"; the story immediately following, how the young count Thibault of Champagne, raising himself from a sickbed in his joy at the successful return of his ambassadors, "leva sus et chevaucha, et laz!
Estimates made at the arrival of the knights (1530) varied from 15,000 to 25,000: it was then necessary to import annually io,000 quarters of grain from Sicily.
Not many years ago it would have been accounted a heresy to suggest that the historical books of the Old Testament had conveyed to our minds estimates of Oriental history that suffered from this same defect; but to-day no one who is competent to speak with authority pretends to doubt that such is really the fact.
It is the startling contrast of the Herati oasis with the vast expanse of comparative sterility that encloses it which has given such a fictitious value to the estimates of the material wealth of the valley of the Hari Rud.
As we are still ignorant of the proportions of land and water in the polar regions, it is only possible to give approximate figures for the extent of the ocean, for the position of the coast-lines is not known exactly enough to exclude possible errors of perhaps several hundred thousand square miles in estimates of the total area.
The estimates for 1909 were 9,334,000 acres and 2,570,000 bales.
The best estimates which we now possess of the sizes of molecules are provided by calculations based upon the kinetic theory of gases.
Most of the motives influencing popular estimates of population in the United States tend to exaggeration.
In eleven cases such enumerations have been taken; and on computing from them and the results of the federal census of 1880 what the population at the date of the eleventh census should have been, if the annual rate of increase had been uniform, it appears that in no case, except New York City and Oregon, was the difference between the enumerations and these estimates over 4%.
Official estimates (1908) placed the native population as low as 980,000.
In some quarters the force of the new Japanese army was well understood, and the estimates of the balance of military power formed by the minister of war, Kuropatkin, coincided so remarkably with the facts that at the end of the summer of 1903 he saw that the moment had come when the preponderance was on the side of the Japanese.
The design, with strain sheets and detail drawings, is submitted to the railway engineer with estimates.
It is remarkable that the difference between the State educational estimates in Austria and in Hungary was one of 9.3 millions in the former as opposed to 67.6 in the latter.
Cunningham estimates the original height of the building as about roo ft.
Various estimates have been formed of the genius of Flaccus, and some critics have ranked him above his original, to whom he certainly is superior in liveliness of description and delineation of character.
As a rule his estimates of character are remarkably able.
Freeman (London, 1895); Frederic Harrison, Tennyson, Ruskin, Mill and other Literary Estimates (London, 1899); James Bryce, "E.
Different, and it would appear exaggerated, estimates of Mayer are given in John Tyndall's papers in the Phil.
et archeolog.) estimates the population in 1356 at 5800, and in 1404 at 6490, in both cases within the fortifications.
Very different estimates have been formed of his character.
His estimates of various great poets are not very accurate.
The first book printed in Europe was the Latin Bible, and Copinger estimates that 124 editions of the Vulgate had been issued by the end of the 15th century.
Mexican coal is of a low grade - similar to that found in Texas, but as an official geological report of 1908 estimates the supply in sight at 300,000,000 tons its industrial value to the country cannot be considered inferior to that of the precious metals.
Other estimates make the " panela " output much larger, the product being largely consumed in the rural districts and never appearing in the larger markets.
Early estimates were that 90% of the population were illiterate.
The estimates for [[[Religion: Finance]]1908-1909show a marked decline owing to the commercial depression, the revenue being computed at 103,385,000 pesos, and the expenditure at 103,203,830 pesos.
Much interest attaches to estimates of time based on data afforded by the consequences of glaciation.
These estimates are far apart, and must be regarded as very uncertain, so far as actual numbers are concerned.
Some of the estimates make the lapse of time since the first glacial epoch more than a million years, while others make it no more than one-third as long.
The results of computations by the first two methods yield estimates of the contribution of foreign stock to the native element of 1900 varying among themselves by only 1.8%.
Inasmuch as the present production is not considered locally and with more or less justiceas at all indicative of the wealth in coal of the respective states, it may be said that according to estimates of the Geological Survey the following states are credited with the deposits indicated of true bituminous coal, including local admixtures of anthracite, the figures being millions of short tons:
He also sends what is called his annual letter, enclosing the estimates, framed by the various departments, of the sums needed for the public service of the United States during the coming year.
Neither does it proceed on estimates of the sums needed to maintain the public service, for, in the first place, it does not know what appropriations will be proposed by the spending committees; and in the second place, a primary object of the customs duties has been for many years past, not the raising of revenue, but the protection of American industries by subjecting foreign imports to a very high tariff.
These various appropriation committees start from, but are not restricted by and do not in fact adopt, the estimates of the secretary of the treasury.
Large changes are made both by way of increasing and reducing his estimates.
The value of Newburgh's work lies in his estimates of men and situations.
The portion of the olive crop due to the landlord, whether by colonia or ordinary lease, is paid, not according to the actual harvest, but in keeping with the estimates of valuators mutually appointed, who, just before the fruit is ripe, calculate how much each tree will probably yield.
(according to different estimates).
Though the Scottish Churches Bill, the Unemployed Bill and the Aliens Bill were passed, a complete fiasco occurred over the redistribution proposals, which pleased nobody and had to be withdrawn owing to a blunder as to procedure; and though on the 17th of July a meeting of the party at the foreign office resulted in verbal assurances of loyalty, only two days later the government was caught in a minority of four on the estimates for the Irish Land Commission.
The losses in transplantation have been huge, but it is impossible to estimate them accurately, for even the current figures for the Catholic population are based on detailed estimates rather than on an actual count.
This is not inconsistent with the law of gravitation, for such estimates as have been made of planetary perturbations due to stars give results which are insignificant in comparison with quantities at present measurable.
1 According to some estimates the number killed was 50,000 or more.
Estimates of the population vary from 300,000 to over half a million.
The following is a fairly typical statement of the budget estimates (1902-1903), in marks (=1 shilling sterling) Receipts.
In illustration of the very different estimates that have been made, however, may be mentioned that of De Bary in 1872 of 150,000 species, and that of Cooke in 1895 of 40,000, and Massee in 1899 of over 50,000 species, the fact being that no sufficient data are as yet to hand for any accurate census.
The following estimates of durability refer to the use of fur when made up "hair outside" in garments or stoles, not as a lining.
The "Paris Model" figure is the basis of these estimates for ladies' garments, the standard measurements being height 5 ft.
These different estimates depend to a great extent upon the particular standard of the writer, and also upon the circumstance that lions, like other animals, show considerable individual differences in character, and behave differently under varying circumstances.
It is probable for this reason that the average conductivity of the earth's crust, as deduced from surface observations, is too large; and that estimates of the age of the earth based on such measurements are too low, and require to be raised; they would thereby be brought into better agreement with the conclusions of geologists derived from other lines of argument.
There exist absolutely no data, and it is doubtful whether such can ever be gathered, for forming trustworthy estimates.
With respect to Alsace-Lorraine, detailed estimates (but no census) gave the number of French in the territory of Lorraine at about f 70,000, and in that of Alsace at about 46,000.
Public opinion was now violently excited against the government; the new elections resulted (May 6) in the return of a yet larger Liberal majority; on the 22nd of August the army estimates were thrown out.
That the government was, in fact, at one with the League as to the expediency of pushing on the naval programme was proved by the revelations of the first lord of the admiralty, Mr McKenna, in the debate on the naval estimates in the British parliament of 1909.
The crisis Resigna- became acute when the estimates for the year 1909 lion of showed that some 25,000,000 would have to be raised Prince VOfl by additional taxes, largely to meet the cost of the exU OW panded naval programme.
Sunlight is not the only disturbing cause in estimates of auroral frequency.
Estimates on this basis have suggested heights of the order of 50 km.
Estimates of the intensity of the light have been based on various arbitrary scales, such for instance as the size of type which the observer can read at a given distance.
The Budget estimates for the common administration were as follows in 1905:
sponsible, and to them the estimates for the joint services were to be submitted.
The estimates could not be sanctioned, and though Kossuth granted the Szell cabinet a vote on account for the first four months of 1903, the Government found itself at the mercy of the Opposition.
The obstruction of the estimates continued.
A few extreme nationalists continued to obstruct the estimates, and it appeared as though their energy would soon flag.
The Recruits bill and the estimates were adopted, the Delegations were enabled to meet at Budapest - where they voted £2 2,000,000 as extraordinary estimates for the army and navy and especially for the renewal of the field artillery - and the negotiations for new commercial treaties with Germany and Italy were sanctioned, although parliament had never been able to ratify the Szell-Korber compact with the tariff on the basis of which the negotiations would have to be conducted.
The pact concluded (April 8, 1906) between the Coalition and the crown is known to have contained the following conditions: - All military questions to be suspended until after the introduction of universal suffrage; the estimates past of g ?
Germans and Czechs, induced the Chamber to sanction the estimates, the contingent of recruits and other " necessities of state " for 1901 and 1902, by promising to undertake large public works in which Czechs and Germans were alike interested.
Parliamentary activity was at once resumed; the AustroHungarian tariff contained in the Szell-Korber compact was adopted, the estimates were discussed and the commercial treaty with Germany ratified.
The estimates were voted with regularity, racial animosity was somewhat less prominent, and some large issues were debated.
Beyond the XIIth Dynasty estimates must again be vague rhe spacing of the years on the Palermo stone has given rise to some calculations for the early dynasties.
The estimates of numbers by the old writers are usually much exaggerated; modern authorities reckon King Edward's army at 50,000 of whom 10,000 were cavalry.
The translator, Mrs Caroline Rhys Davids, estimates the date of this ancient manual for Buddhist students as the 4th century B.C.
They hold that former estimates of the number of inhabitants in the various insular groups were mere guesswork.
Orton estimates its current at Napo in the month of November as 6 m.
Their settlements are usually small and very much scattered, and their aggregate number is evidently much under the earlier estimates.
No general census has ever been taken in Ecuador, and estimates are little better than vague conjectures.
One of these estimates, that published by P. F.
Cevallos for 1889, which has been generally accepted, gave the total population as 1,272, 161, and these figures have been used with but slight changes for various later estimates.
Modern estimates of Reimarus may be found in the works of B.
He offered the little children as the type of those to whom the kingdom of God belonged; and He disappointed a young and wealthy aspirant to His favour, amazing His disciples by saying that the kingdom of God could hardly be entered by the rich; he who forsook all should have all, and more than all; the world's estimates were to be reversed - the first should be last and the last first.
It opens with a startling reversal of the common estimates of happiness and misery.
But medieval estimates of numbers are never to be trusted, and the strength of the Cinque Port squadron was probably diminished to exalt the national glory.
They were preceded by no survey, but adopted the crude estimates of native officials.
In each school division, of which there were 35 in 1908, the division superintendent appoints the native teachers, prepares for the municipal councils estimates of school expenses, and approves all expenditures from municipal school funds.
For purposes of precise scientific investigation the study of spectra is generally more suitable than the vague and unsatisfactory estimates of colour, which differ with different observers.
The star-gauges of the Herschels exhibit a similar result; the Herschels counted the number of stars visible with their powerful telescopes in different regions of the sky, and thus formed comparative estimates of the density of the stars extending to a very high magnitude.
Estimates of this distance vary, but it may probably be put at more than three thousand light years (parallax less than o ooi ").
The construction of a harbour of refuge at Portland had been recommended in 1845; in 1847 an act was passed to facilitate the purchase of land there, and a sum of money was taken in the estimates for the erection of a prison which was begun next year.
There are no trustworthy estimates of the yield of any given measurement of land.
The United States Geological Survey estimates that three-fourths of the coal area (over 1700 sq.
Binns, Life of Walt Whitman (New York, 1906); and critical estimates in R.
The estimates of other competent authorities differ considerably, and generally are somewhat less generous than these figures.
From the record of actual exports and a comparison of the most authoritative estimates of total production, it may be said that from 1848 to 1856 the yield was almost certainly not less than $450,000,000, and that about 1870 the billion dollar mark had been passed.
In 1867 he attempted unsuccessfully to form a cabinet sufficiently strong to prevent the threatened Garibaldian incursion into the papal states, and two years later failed in a similar attempt, through disagreement with Lanza concerning the army estimates.
Accurate statistics as to the growth and distribution of the population cannot be obtained, and the figures given below are based on estimates which can only be approximately correct.
The revenue of the District, which is derived from a property tax and from various licences, is paid into the United States Treasury; appropriations, always specific and based on estimates prepared by the commissioners, are made only by Congress; and all accounts are audited by the Treasury Department.
The area and population of the world, as a whole, have been the subject of many estimates in scientific works for the last three centuries and are still to a considerable extent matters of rough approximation.
It is not necessary, therefore, to cite the estimates framed before 1882, when a carefully revised summary was published by Boehm and H.
A return, made with some apparent care soon after the accession of William III., estimates their total number at barely 30,000.
During the 18th century they began to increase; a return presented to the House of Lords in 1780 estimates their number at nearly 70,000.
Murray estimates the total area at 158,750 sq.
Ordinary estimates of the Talmud are often influenced by the attitude of Christianity to Judaism and Jewish legalism, and by the preponderating interest which has been taken in the religious-legal side of the Rabbinical writings.
Estimates have been made which vary from 60,000 to 100, 000.
They are divided into four sections: - those of the Maritime Provinces, with their Convention, their Home and Foreign Mission Boards, an Education Board and a Publication Board, and with M `Master University (Arts, Theological and Academic departments) as its educational institution; those of Manitoba and the North-west, with Brandon College as its educational institution; and those of British Columbia, Caiiadian Baptists numbered 120,000 in 1909, and are considered in the above general estimates.
See the estimates by Baron F.
-The following publications relating to the United Kingdom are issued annually in London (unless otherwise stated): Finance Accounts; Financial Estimates; Return showing Revenue and Expenditure (England, Scotland and Ireland); National Debt Accounts; National Debt during 60 Years; Local Taxation Returns; Army Estimates; Army Accounts; Army List (quarterly); Navy Estimates; Navy List (quarterly); Royal Commission on Agriculture, Reports (1896); Mineral Statistics; Reports of Inspectors of Mines; Reports on Factories and Workshops; Reports of Inspectors of Fisheries; Return of Fish conveyed inland by rail; Statement of the Trade of the United Kingdom; Statement of the Shipping and Navigation of the United Kingdom; Report of the Postmaster-General.
The army estimates for1910-1911show a total sum of £27,760,000 required for the home and colonial establishments, made up as follows (after deducting appropriations in aid): - 1 Does not include unattached list of officers, 853, or 736 R.A.M.C. officers not available until mobilization.
One German authority (Huber) estimates the number of Germans in two of these provinces at 5000.
How the revenues are expended is shown in the estimates for 1907, in which the total expenditures were estimated at 134,830,532 pesos paper and 58,796,780 pesos gold, the principal appropriations being 16,192,780 pesos paper and 99,733 gold for the war department, 10,460,781 paper and 6,315,731 gold for the marine department, 4 0, 934, 2 73 paper and 16,984,671 gold for railways, and 6,324,817 paper for public works.
Balmaceda then nominated a ministry not in accord with the views of congress under Senor Claudio Vicuña, whom it was no secret that Balmaceda intended to be his successor in the presidential chair, and, to prevent any expression of opinion upon his conduct in the matter, he refrained from summoning an extraordinary session of the legislature for the discussion of the estimates of revenue and expenditure for 1891.
Anschutz (Ber., 1884, 1 7, p. 439) estimates picric acid by precipitation with acridine.
Mdbius estimates that for every oyster brought to 1 Connecticut has greatly benefited its oyster industry by giving to oyster-culturists a fee simple title to the lands under control by them.
Fifteen or sixteen years later it was repeatedly pointed out to the authorities that the revenues from the customs of the Persian Gulf would be much increased if control were exercised at all the ports, particularly the small ones where smuggling was being carried on on a large scale, and in 1883 the shah decided upon the acquisition of four or five steamers, one to be purchased yearly, and instructed the late Au Kuli Khan, Mukhber ad-daulah, minister of telegraphs, to obtain designs and estimates from British and German firms. The tender of a well-known German firm at Bremerhaven was finally accepted, and one of the ministers sons then residing in Berlin made the necessary contracts for the first steamer.
In the United Kingdom the chancellor of the exchequer, usually in April, lays before the House of Commons a statement of the actual results of revenue and expenditure in the past finance year (now ending March 31), showing how far his estimates have been realized, and what surplus or deficit there has been in the income as compared with the expenditure.
The chancellor of the exchequer has to take parliament into confidence on his estimates, both as regards revenue and expenditure; and these estimates are prepared by the various departments of the administration.
The Indian budget, giving the results of income and expenditure in the year ending 31st of December, and the prospective estimates, is laid before the imperial parliament in the course of the ensuing session.
The estimates prepared by the various executive departments are submitted to the House of Representatives by the secretary of the treasury.
With these estimates two separate committees deal.
The best map possible is therefore only the result of estimates and partial measurements.
Linschoten estimates that of all those who went to the East not one in ten returned.
The process of decay was hastened by frequent outbreaks of plague, sometimes followed by famine; a contemporary manuscript estimates that no fewer than 500 persons died daily in Lisbon alone during July, August and September 1569, and in some other years the joint effects of plague and famine were little less disastrous.
Estimates of area vary widely and have been considerably confused by repeated losses of territory in boundary disputes with neighbouring states, and no figures can be given which may not be changed to some extent by further revisions.
Official estimates are 640,226 and 703,633 sq.
The mean temperature, according to official estimates, is 70° F., but this probably represents the average between the higher elevations and the low country.
A roughly-taken census of 1900 gives the total population as 1,816,271, including the Litoral department, now belonging to Chile (49,820), and estimates the number of wild Indians of the forest regions at 91,000.
In 1904 an official estimate made the population 2,181,415, also including the Litoral (59,784), but of course all census returns and estimates in such a country are subject to many allowances.
According to official estimates for 1901, the total number of primary schools in the republic was 733, with 938 teachers and 41,587 pupils - the total cost of their maintenance being estimated at 585,365 bolivianos, or only 14.07 bolivianos per pupil (about £1:4:6).
No itemized returns of receipts and expenditures are ever published, and the estimates presented to congress by the cabinet ministers furnish the only source from which information can be drawn.
In view of these estimates the rapid disintegration of a fine jet of water will not cause surprise.
Turner estimates the culminating peak of Mt.
He estimates that i in every 12 or 14 of the population uses the drug, and that the habit is increasing.
All such estimates are, of course, untrustworthy, but there is no doubt that the carnage was terrible.
Previous estimates put the number far higher, but as the Mehtar assesses his fighting strength at 8000 only, this number is probably not far wrong.
Until the beginning of the 19th century there existed no other knowledge of the actual area and population of the country but what was given in the vaguest estimates.
From the later part of the 18th century a stronger tendency to increase set in, and at the taking of the first census, in 1801, it was ascertained that the population numbered 8,892,536, being-if the former estimates were approximately correct-an increase of very nearly 2.1 millions in little over fifty years.
Critical estimates are also to be found in Matthew Arnold's Discourses in America, John Morley's Critical Miscellanies, Henry James's Partial Portraits, Lowell's My Study Windows, Birrell's Obiter Dicta (2nd series), Stedman's Poets of America, Whipple's American Literature, &c. There is a Bibliography of Ralph Waldo Emerson, by G.
For estimates of Edwards consult: The Volume of the Edwards Family Meeting at Stockbridge, Massachusetts, September 6-7, A.D.
Francis Fernandez applies it to the country from the extreme east of Chittagong to Point Palmyras in Orissa, with a coast line which Purchas estimates at 600 m., running inland for the same distance and watered by the Ganges.
In 1907 estimates were made for 6 ft.
Several estimates have been made which agree well together; whether direct use is made of known parallaxes, or comparison is made with binaries of well-determined orbits of the same spectral type as the sun, in which therefore it may be assumed there is the same relation between mass and brilliancy (Gore), the result is found that the sun's magnitude is - 26.5, or the sun is Io n times as brilliant as a first magnitude star; it would follow that the sun viewed from a Centauri would appear as of magnitude 0.7, and from a star of average distance which has a parallax certainly less than o 1 ", it would be at least fainter than the fifth magnitude, or, say, upon the border-line for naked-eye visibility.
The Statesman's Year Book for 1907 estimates it at 4,279,674 in 1905, including about 150,000 wild Indians, while Supan's Die Bevolkerung der Erde (1904) places it at 3,917,000 in 1899.
The fifteen departments thus constituted, with the official estimates of 1905 regarding their areas and populations, are as follows: Of these departments the original eight are Antioquia, Bolivar, Boyaca (or Bojaca), Cauca, Cundinamarca, Magdalena, Santander and Tolima.
Boyaca £ 115,600,000 Three-fourths of the gold production, he estimates, was derived from alluvial deposits.
The writers' historical estimates are superficial and conventional, but report the verdict of public opinion with substantial accuracy..
More accurate estimates had been made by R.
Dexter, who quotes largely from Dr Stiles's Itineraries, a daily account of his travels; the Diary gives a valuable picture of the life of New England in 1769-1795 and many interesting estimates of Stiles's contemporaries.
Murray estimates the total land area draining to the Indian Ocean at 5,050,000 geographical square miles, almost the same as that draining to the Pacific. The annual rainfall draining from this area is estimated at 4380 cubic miles.
According to the estimates of the state department of agriculture, of the total value of all agricultural products in the twenty years 188 51904 ($3, 0 7 8, 999, 8 55), Indian corn and wheat together represented more than two-fifths (821'3 and 518'1 million dollars respectively), and livestock products nearly one-third (1024.9 millions).
The estimates were recast, the budget was withdrawn, and the nation was content to dispense with any addition to its military and naval strength.
Of critical estimates of Burke's life the Edmund Burke of John Morley, "English Men of Letters" series (1879), is an elaboration of the above article; see also his Burke, a Historical Study (1867); "Three Essays on Burke," by Sir James Fitzjames Stephen in Horae Sabbaticae, series iii.
For estimates of Semler's labours, see W.
The usual estimates return one-fourth of the entire surface as " plain," less than one-third as " mountainous," and nearly one-half as " hilly."
The farmer estimates that a threshing-machine can thresh all the wheat ordinarily grown upon 2500 acres, so that a 5000-acre farmer would have at least two machines running at the same time.
odbornitsi) a yearly statement of accounts and estimates, which they may reject or amend.
We can do no more than balance vague estimates of probability.
Roborovsky estimates at 10,800 ft.
In 1913 the Portuguese forbade further recruiting in Angola; the Germans replied by presenting estimates to the Reichstag in 1914 for £150,000 towards building a railway from Otavi through the Ovambo country and 22 m.
Estimates of the total debt in 1872 vary from $28,000,000 to $33,000,000.
But the estimates for 1904 revealed another heavy deficit; and this was only paid by Hungary on condition that the agreement should be renewed until the 3 ist of December 1913, and the contribution of 56% maintained.
The best evidence of a Asturias dense population in those days is that afforded Oviedo by the specific estimates of ancient writers Leon..
Alicante Various estimates were made within the next Murcia sixty years, but the census of 1857 proved Albac~te that some of these estimates must have been Murcia greatly below the truth.
The estimates for 1908 showed that the revenue was derived as follows: Direct taxes on land, houses, mines, industry and commerce, livestock, registration acts, titles of nobility, mortgages and salaries paid by the state, 18,oao,8oo; indirect taxes, including customs, excise, tolls and bridge and ferry dues, 14,748,000; tobacco monopoly, lottery, mint, national property, balance from public treasury, &c., 8,858,400; total 41,627,200.
The necessity for strengthening the Spanish forces in Africa had for some time been apparent; but Seor Maura had not dared to face the Cortes with a demand for the necessary estimates, for which, now that the crisis had become acute, he had to rely on the authorization of the council of state.
The length of the Douro, which is greater than that of any other Iberian river except the Tagus and Guadiana, is probably about 485 m.; but competent authorities differ widely in their estimates, the extremes given being 420 and 507 m.
Itemized estimates of expenses for the next fiscal year are furnished by the different departments to the controller in February.
It may reduce or increase the amounts asked, and may add new items. The budget then goes to the board of estimates, which has a month for its consideration.
The members of the board of estimates can hold no other office and they have no appointing power, the intention being to keep them as free as possible from all political motives and influences.
They may reduce or cut out any estimates submitted, but cannot increase any or add new ones.
No bonds can be issued without the assent of the board of estimates.
In spite of a cumbrous and affected style, he is a vivid narrator; and his character sketches are admirable as summaries of current estimates.
As the microscopist usually estimates the resolving power according to the aperture with ordinary day-light, Kohler introduced the " relative resolving power " for ultra-violet light.
Man in 1901, gave a total population of some 6700, at about which figure the estimates of the number of inhabitants have always stood.
A few years later Ibn IJaulal (978) estimates the number of churches in the city at more than 300, and al-Mokaddasi (985) describes its cathedral, with vaulted ceiling covered with mosaics, as one of the four wonders of the world.
The budget estimates for the financial year 19051 9 06 placed the expenditure of the estate at X1,323,437.
The ILO estimates 250 million people globally suffer a work-related accident each year and 3,000 workers are killed daily.
accurate estimates of the time needed for each task.
With enough such experiences my internal computer can make reasonably accurate estimates.
asymptomatic abdominal aortic aneurysm: estimates from 500 screen detected cases.
It does, however, provide a useful indication of the uncertainties of the overall estimates of roadside benzene concentrations.
The different types of models developed to derive risk estimates from animal bioassays were considered to vary greatly in their predictions.
Jan 2006 The world bank estimates the cost of fighting bird flu will reach billions of dollars.
SOCIO-ECONOMIC characteristicS OF THE TENURE GROUPS Different sources provide slightly varying estimates of the size of the main tenure groups.
climatologysome of the global precipitation climatologies which have been compiled include estimates of mean precipitation over oceans (e.g.
The use of upper bound estimates may significantly overestimate total dioxins concentrations in those samples where most congeners are not present at the LOD.
No contingency is needed in developer estimates No contingency is necessary as requirements that don't fit are dropped or rescheduled by the Customer.
correlation coefficients for combined data sets over all hours, months and stations are determined, together with the standard errors of estimates.
The present value will use the Company's best estimates of future expense, tax, mortality and other decrements.
densityumber of working age residents figures used to calculate jobs densities are based on the mid-2001 population estimates.
Mathematical models will be required in order to combine the data estimates derived from the range of sources.
The mean is trimmed since some incorrect ellipse fits produce extremely deviant parameter estimates that have a large influence on the mean.
disaggregate level and the estimates are less robust.
disaggregate from other factors and the estimates vary.
Estimates put it that the number of jobs open to students from any degree discipline at upwards of 50% .
ABN AMRO also downgraded its estimates for ITV after the prospects for advertising revenue were deemed " worse than ever " by media buyers.
On some estimates, bank capital requirements could as much as double during a cyclical downturn.
The total costs of treating tardive dyskinesia and agranulocytosis were taken from published estimates.
estimates the probability of the home win to be 65% .
Energy minister Mr Tim Eggar gave the revised estimates in Parliament and made it clear these estimates were still very preliminary.
estimates derived from the range of sources.
There is a need to obtain reasonable estimates of accident risk for individual groups.
Learn to make accurate estimates of the time needed for each task.
Any number of control loops can be imposed on the simulation allowing control system evaluation and realistic energy consumption estimates.
These can be estimated in a way similar to the power spectrum, but more data is usually needed to get reliable estimates.
IS Claim rates are calculated using the people aged 16-59 from the 2003 Mid-Year population estimates.
Alternatively, the extent to which they can be used to quality assure the population estimates.
Of parameter estimates broker to work may be able.
Target group percent dd estimates may or her job.
estimates of the prevalence of disability derived from any study depend on the purpose of the study and the methods used.
Over the last decade various estimates have been made of the pool of illegal firearms.
fluorosis of esthetic concern, but the precision of these rough estimates is low.
The error model specifies how accurate the allele frequency estimates are.
The cone fundamentals in this section represent estimates of those unknowns.
Director Jim Cronin estimates up to 600 of Asia's only great ape are being kept illegally in Thailand.
The final virtual space is a vast underground hangar containing a floating field of numbers, all of which are estimates of Iraqi casualties.
The maps provided are the best available estimates of seismic hazards in Lebanon and are recommended for use in risk assessment.
Analysis confirmed that height growth is strongly heritable with estimates of genetic gain from 2 to 25% .
heuristics based on estimates of an agent s tactics are drawn from a series of experiments.
immigrants borjas sum up estimates in the united.
Estimates for special libraries, derived from 1996 research work, are very imprecise.
investigated more generally to determine whether they can be used in the compilation of the population estimates.
The Health Ministry estimates 2.4 million of Thailand's 62 million people use methamphetamine.
midyear estimates and are also published in the UN's Monthly Bulletin of Statistics.
multiplys multiplied by the probability estimates in the third layer, and the class with lowest estimated cost is selected.
Estimates suggest moving ESs may be experimentally observed as approximately 10 fs pulses with velocity up to 1/10th that of light.
Estimates for damage costs from volatile organic carbons do not always obviously include estimates for creation of tropospheric ozone.
parameter estimates broker to work may be able.
penetrance estimates will tend to be inflated.
The last census also provided the first reliable estimates of the number of breeding petrels and shearwaters, using recently developed techniques.
Werth estimates that 150,000 people were killed in the anti-Semitic pogroms conducted by Denikin's troops in 1919.
It is shown that hybrid HMM/ANN systems, in which the ANN part estimates local posteriors can be used to model global posteriors.
prelim papers, estimates and appeals.
GAD published revised projections for 2004 and later years, based on the revised population estimates, on 30 September 2004.
provisional outturn for 2000-01 is £ 19.3 million, the same amount as in Estimates taking into account Supplementary Estimates.
With the help of their architect, most parishes can make reasonable estimates of what costs the next quinquennial is likely to incur.
refinehe time of our second report, ONS was working on refining the methodology used to provide estimates of numbers in low pay.
Estimates are presented for women with and without first-degree relatives with breast cancer and the sensitivity of the results to various assumptions investigated.
reliable estimates of equipment value or need were not obtained in the timescale of this study.
rough-and-ready estimates when comparing options at a system level.
The very large sauropods could not eat enough to have sustained endothermic metabolism, given likely estimates of bite size and nutrient values.
However, they may go through net token subheads in Estimates (Chapter 11 ).
According to recent government estimates id theft now costs the UK economy £ 1.7 billion a year.
third partyuncement also contains forward-looking statements attributed to certain third parties relating to their estimates regarding the growth of markets and demand for products.
thresholds for adultsprwora in health insurance estimates at higher.
However, 1.5 Kcal/Mole for each restricted torsion is only the roughest of estimates as pointed out above.
Our idea relies on the use of adaptive methods that aim at reducing the asymptotic variance of the estimates.
verifyvariances of the parameter estimates are also equal under these conditions, which can be verified by straightforward calculations.
wen estimates that washing diapers at home could save parents around £ 500.
Murray (1888) estimates the total area of the Mediterranean at 813,000 sq.
(See Ocean.) Murray estimates the total surface of the Mediterranean drainage area, with which must be included the Black Sea, at 2,934,500 sq.
4-12), who estimates the accuracy attainable with the duplex micrometer as equal to that of the heliometer; but as few measures of permanent value have been made with the instrument, and those made exhibit an accuracy far inferior to that of the heliometer, it is unnecessary to describe the instrument here in greater detail.
In the 13th century these towns had become the seat of large industrial populations (varying according to different estimates from ioo,000 to 200,000 inhabitants), employed upon the weaving of cloth with its dependent industries, and closely bound up by trade interests with England, from whence they obtained the wool for their looms. Bruges, at that time connected with the sea by the river Zwijn and with Sluis as its port, was the central mart and exchange of the world's commerce.
Murray estimates the total area of land draining to the Atlantic to be 13,432,000 sq.
The governmen - in presenting the estimates for 1907-1908 proposed to set aside - sum of nearly 800,000 every year for this express purpose.
Pythagoras had speculated as to the existence of antipodes, but it was not until the first approximately accurate measurements of the globe and estimates of the length and breadth of the Problem oekumene were made by Eratosthenes (c. 250 B.C.) that of the the fact that, as then known, it occupied less than a quarter Antipodes.
It was the ambition of Ptolemy to describe and represent accurately the surface of the oekumene, for which purpose he took immense trouble to collect all existing determinations of the latitude of places, all estimates of longitude, and to make every possible rectification in the estimates of distances by land or sea.
Estimates had been made previously by Humboldt, De Lapparent, H.
However, this latter figure is merely nominal, the available artillery and train service being much below the strength which would be required for such an army; estimates which put the military forces of Russia in time of war at 2,750,000 - irrespective of the :armies which may be levied during the war itself - seem to approach more nearly the strength of the forces which could actually be mustered.
Orange Colony Complete estimates for the balance of ' No accurate returns for Central America, Greater and Lesser Antilles and Dutch Guiana.
2 Estimates of area and population incomplete for Cochin China, Cambodia, Annam, Tonkin, Pondicherry, Malacca and Philippines.
Large quantities of embanking were sunk in the moss, and, when the engineer, George Stephenson, after a month's vigorous operations, had made up his estimates, the apparent work done was sometimes less than at the beginning of the month.
in Belgium at £3400 per mile, earning £320 per mile per annum.) The average cost per mile in Great Britain on the basis of the prescribed estimates is £5860, but this figure does not include the cost of equipment and does not cover the whole cost of construction.
In the budgets for 1905 and 1906 considerable economies were effected by the curtailment of salaries, the abolition of various posts, and the reduction of the estimates for education and public works.
John Mawe estimates that the annual product was 1000 oz.
during the first twenty years, and Castelnau estimates the value of the total output down to 1849 at 300,000,000 fr.
He was accordingly little seen in Parliament for the next year or more, though he was in his place to criticize the navy estimates of his successor Mr. Balfour, to reproach him for want of energy, and to recommend the recall of Lord Fisher.
The estimates for 1901 to 1905 are given, to illustrate their variations: - These estimates are the averages of separate estimates which are published for the states of North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas, Tennessee.
See the discriminating estimates by S.
It may indeed be said that it was only the previsionary budget (anglice, the estimates) that received any approximately proper care on the lines laid down, while the rule that both the estimates and the definite budget (at the close of each year) should be published was almost wholly honoured in the breach; until 1909, when the Constitution' had been re-established the budget had only twice been published, in 1880 and 1897, since the regulations were put into force.
The men of her own time exalted her to the skies, and the most extravagant estimates of her (as "the greatest woman in literary history," as the "foundress of the romantic movement," as representing "ideas," while her contemporary Chateaubriand only represented words, colours, and images, and so forth) are to be found in minor histories of literature.
(New York, 1894), which estimates his public services highly.
The development of the Hungarian kingdom can be better appreciated by a comparison of the estimates for the year 1849 prepared by the Hungarian minister of finance, which shows a revenue of £1,335,000 and an expenditure of £5,166,000 (including £3,500,000 for warlike purposes), with the budget of 1905, which shows a revenue of £51,583,000, and an expenditure of about the same sum.
Our investigations and estimates of resolving power have thus far proceeded upon the supposition that there are no optical imperfections, whether of the nature of,, a regular aberration or dependent upon irregularities of material and workmanship. In practice there will always be a certain aberration or error of phase, which we may also regard as the deviation of the actual wavesurface from its intended position.
In 1906 estimates were made under official auspices (see A.
Indeed, there are tablets in the British Museum labelled 4500 B.C.; and later researches, particularly those of the expedition of the University of Pennsylvania at Nippur, have brought us evidence which, interpreted with the aid of estimates as to the average rate of accumulation of dust deposits, leads to the inference that a high state of civilization had been attained in Mesopotamia at least 9000 years ago.
The most definite are connected with estimates of the time since the last glacial epoch, and are calculated from the amount and rate of recession of certain falls, notably those of the Niagara and Mississippi (St Anthony Falls) rivers.
The following estimates rest upon the same authority: (I) total area underlaid by coal measures, 496,776 sq.
More recent estimates of Baxter are those given by John Tulloch in his English Puritanism and its Leaders, and by Dean Stanley in his address at the inauguration of the statue to Baxter at Kidderminster (see Macmillan's Magazine, xxxii.
Balmaceda then nominated a ministry not in accord with the views of congress under Senor Claudio VicuÃ±a, whom it was no secret that Balmaceda intended to be his successor in the presidential chair, and, to prevent any expression of opinion upon his conduct in the matter, he refrained from summoning an extraordinary session of the legislature for the discussion of the estimates of revenue and expenditure for 1891.
The mean temperature, according to official estimates, is 70Ã‚° F., but this probably represents the average between the higher elevations and the low country.
Further, the effects that he estimates are all of a definite, palpable, empirically ascertainable quality; they are such pleasures and pains as most men feel and all can observe, so that all his political or moral inferences lie open at every point to the test of practical experience.
But the general altitude of the crest of the watershed he estimates at about 16,500 ft., and it is overtopped by peaks (e.g.
As compared with the streams of Colorado, where irrigation is much more advanced, the streams of Nebraska have a very constant flow; the relative supply-capacities of the Arkansas and Poudre in Colorado, and the Loup and North Platte in Nebraska being about as 1.000, 1.1 93, 3.347 and 4.632 respectively, according to the estimates of the state engineer (Nebraska Public Documents 1901-1902, vol.
ONS publishes detailed national population estimates by sex and single year of age, and local estimates by sex and quinary age group.
At the time of our second report, ONS was working on refining the methodology used to provide estimates of numbers in low pay.
Reliable estimates of equipment value or need were not obtained in the timescale of this study.
Overall, the assumption is reasonable for providing rough-and-ready estimates when comparing options at a system level.
However, they may go through net token subheads in Estimates (Chapter 11).
According to recent government estimates ID theft now costs the UK economy £ 1.7 billion a year.
This announcement also contains forward-looking statements attributed to certain third parties relating to their estimates regarding the growth of markets and demand for products.
Thresholds for adultsprwora in health insurance estimates at higher.
Pilatus estimates the total open market for turboprop aircraft trainers to be some 1000 aircraft over the next 20 years.
The variances of the parameter estimates are also equal under these conditions, which can be verified by straightforward calculations.
Cost: WEN estimates that washing diapers at home could save parents around £ 500.
Check the building and get estimates for how long it will take to get the building ready to rent for customers' self-storage needs.
I don't have an exact figure for you, but the University estimates it in the several thousand dollar range; this includes the cost of after care and medication.
Nancy Peterson (NP): The Humane Society of the United States estimates that six to eight million dogs and cats enter animal shelters yearly.
The company estimates that they use over 20,000 tons of recycled paper each year for their products.
The Paper Industry Association Council estimates that Americans recycled over 63 percent of the paper generated in 2009.
The company estimates that their litter absorbs three times more moisture than other types of litter, and this allows you to use less litter and save money on replacement costs.
Other fees may exist and these costs are estimates.
Remember that the amounts proposed by these calculators are only estimates.
These calculators provide estimates, not real scores, so don't assume your score is exactly the same as what is estimated.
Although estimates vary, most experts agree that the world will run out of fossil fuels.
Increases local and state tax revenue: The American Coalition for Ethanol estimates production will increase local and state tax revenue by about $1.2 million per year.
The Energy Information Administration, a division of the U.S. Department of Energy, estimates that properly inflated tires could save approximately 800,000 barrels of oil a day.
Global warming is a general warming of the earth that science estimates has been sped up over the past 10 years.
Some estimates suggest that thirteen cartridges are thrown away in the United States every second!
The Environmental Defense Fund estimates that cars and trucks in the United States account for 45 percent of the world's entire carbon dioxide emissions.
The AWWA estimates that 26.7 percentage of daily water usage is accounted for by toilets, while the University of Minnesota's Extension Service estimates that toilets are responsible for 40 percent of the water used in most homes.
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) estimates that ocean coastlines are eroding one to four feet each year.
Energy Star estimates that you will save $30 in energy costs for every incandescent bulb you replace with a CFL.
Energy Star estimates that by using your computer's power setting you will save as much as $75 in energy costs per computer annually.
The American Wind Energy Association estimates that your initial investment may be as high as $40,000 to power the average American household.
Home energy, which also includes heating and cooling energy needs, account for over one-quarter of your environmental impact, estimates Carbon Footprint Ltd., a company that provides services related to carbon management.
Cape Wind, the nation's first approved offshore wind farm, estimates that its wind turbines will produce the equivalent of 570,000 tons of coal, or 113 million gallons of oil, or 10 billion cubic feet of natural gas.
Energy Star estimates that you will save between $20 to $30 for each light bulb replaced over the life of the bulb.
Energy Star estimates that based on three hours of daily, a LED bulb can last up to 22 years.
The Paper Industry Association Council estimates that nearly 90 percent of the United States population has access to some type of recycling program.
The EPA estimates that over 1.3 million tons of paper cups and plates, along with 860 million tons of plastic products were generated in 2007, yet virtually none of this waste was recycled.
Always ask for estimates from at least three contractors before deciding on one, and remember that the lowest bid isn't always the best.
Take the time to thoroughly think out your design and get realistic estimates of how much each feature you want to include costs.
Get at least two or three estimates from different contractors on having your kitchen cabinets installed.
Estimates of the world's leading religions place Christianity as the one with the highest population, with about 2.1 billion or approximately 33% of the world's population.
You simply enter in details about your camera and Sony will provide you with estimates on repair cost and additional information on repair procedures.
Did you know that according to some estimates, scrapbookers spend an average of $25.00 a month on supplies and tools?
Get some estimates and decide if this option is right for you.
BMI or body mass index is one formula that estimates how much body fat a person has based on his or her weight and height.
Family First Aid estimates that about 30 percent of students, especially those who might be smaller or younger than their peers, will have to face some type of bullying while they are in school.
Couples who are ordering programs and not writing their own using blank wedding programs may need to order them two to three months out, depending on how long the printer estimates they will take.
Prices vary widely for cake designs, so it's a good idea to sit down with several different decorators and describe what you want so you can evaluate their estimates.
Before talking with potential decorators, it's helpful to have a specific idea of what you want so you can articulate requests and get accurate pricing estimates.
The markup varies depending on the details of the design you want, and price estimates also differ from decorator to decorator.
Today, the National Institute on Drug Abuse estimates that roughly 20% of the United States population over the age of 12 has used prescription medications for non-prescription purposes.
Estimates indicate that about 5% of teenagers suffer from depression.
Keep in mind that all numbers are estimates, since the stars aren't prone to divulging their exact weights.
While there is, as yet, no solid figure to determine his monetary worth, estimates have placed him at about the one billion dollar mark.
On a side note, Forbes Magazine estimates that Mays, along with his partner, Anthony "Sully" Sullivan, contributed to over $1 billion in sales of the products they pitched.
Harvard estimates that it accepts only 12 percent of applicants into its business school program each year.
It is important to remember that the numbers provided by financial aid calculators are just estimates.
It estimates that over 4.7 million people are bitten by dogs every year.
However, you can use the general time estimates listed above to judge how well things are going.
The club estimates this perk alone is worth about $350 over the life of a member (that's the value of the merchandise they'll be sent to evaluate).
Although these marketing tactics may get your attention, keep in mind that you should still demand a list of references and get estimates from a couple of other contractors prior to signing a contract.
Don't hesitate to gather estimates from at least three bath professionals to help you evaluate potential problems and create a budget.
Estimates are saved, creating customer lists automatically.
All of the estimates and customers are cross-referenced and can be looked up by using the client name, owner, or address so you can easily keep track of customers and bids.
Estimates by a professional can be 10 to 20 percent more accurate than construction web sites with online estimates.
Estimates are based on the exterior surface square footage of your home.
Get at least five estimates from various professionals, paying particular attention to any warranties and guarantees they offer.
When choosing a professional air duct cleaning company, ask for references and get at least 3 estimates from different companies.
Be confident about what you're doing; the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission estimates that over 600 people are killed in electrical accidents in and around the home every year.
The EPA estimates that lawns and home gardens combined use around fifty million pounds of pesticides a year in the United States.
Some estimates suggest that using organic practices, which are less caustic and effective than chemical alternatives, can result in 25 percent losses in commercial crop production.
The WHO also estimates that up to twenty thousand deaths occur in third-world countries from the pesticide poisoning and most are cotton farmers.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture estimates that 2008 sales of organic products topped $3 billion in 2008.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that E. coli causes nearly 270,000 illnesses each year.
The CDC estimates that, "76 million illnesses, 325,000 hospitalizations, and 5,000 deaths," occur each year in the United States due to food borne illness.
Projections and estimates indicate that in the year 2020 the United States will need approximately 730,000 more affordable housing units to fill the needs of its low-income seniors.
The National Sleep Foundation estimates more than 18 million Americans have sleep apnea.
Estimates of adults who suffer from nightmares on a regular basis, range from two and eight percent of the population.
Furthermore, if the clip is of a ride that is yet to be completed, some of the ride elements and technical specifications may only be estimates instead of real figures.
WineMaker magazine estimates that there are a million home wine makers in the United States - twice as many as there were four years ago.
The values given here are estimates based on past auction prices; your machine may be worth more or less depending on condition.
Simply select the manufacturer, model, and year of the travel trailer you want the price for, and you get several price estimates.
Get estimates in advance to ensure you know the cost.
Early estimates ranged anywhere from March to Christmas.
Most vasculitides are relatively rare disorders; one source estimates that about 100,000 persons (including adults as well as children and adolescents) are hospitalized each year in the United States for treatment of vasculitis.
Estimates of the incidence of anorexia range between 0.5 percent and 1 percent of Caucasian female adolescents.
Figures for long-term recovery vary from study to study, but reliable estimates are that 40 to 60 percent of anorexics make a good physical and social recovery, and 75 percent gain weight.
The exact frequency of Tourette syndrome is unknown, but estimates range from 0.05 percent to 2 percent.
Estimates vary widely in part because many people with Tourette syndrome have very mild symptoms and may not seek medical attention.
Estimates report spasticity may affect over 500,000 Americans and over 12 million people world-wide.
The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMSHA) estimates that one out of every 33 children may suffer from depression.
The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that as of the early 2000s, between 360 and 500 million people are affected by trachoma worldwide and that six million people are blind because of the disease.
One workplace psychologist estimates that businesses in the United States lose more than $10 billion annually due to problems related to stepfamily issues, working parents, and other marital stresses.
Kerker, Bonnie D., et al. "Mental Health Disorders among Individuals with Mental Retardation: Challenges to Accurate Prevalence Estimates."
One study estimates that about 5 percent of menstruating women have an episode of secondary amenorrhea each year.
Estimates of the incidence of FMF in specific eastern Mediterranean populations range from one in 2,000 Arabs to one in 250 Sephardic Jews, one in 500 Armenians, and one in 1,000 Turks.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) estimates that 90 million American adults, roughly half the adult population, have elevated cholesterol levels.
The American Council for Headache Education (ACHE) estimates 4-10 percent of children have migraine headaches.
Athletes are particularly at risk of maxillofacial injuries; one researcher estimates that 10.4 percent of all fractures of the facial bones are related to sports.
One researcher estimates that about 2 percent of all children or adolescents who participate in sports eventually suffer a facial injury severe enough to require medical attention.
"SAMHSA Reveals State Estimates of Substance Use for the First Time: Washington, D.C. Ranks Highest in Illegal Drug Use."
The National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence estimates that parents who talk with their children regularly about the danger from drugs (including alcohol) have children who are 42 percent less likely to use these substances.
With regard to nasal fractures, one group of American researchers estimates that they account for about 24 percent of all facial fractures.
Estimates of true SLI vary according to the age of identification.
They are extremely rare, with frequencies reported at one in 30,000 to one in 150,000, although these numbers are only estimates.
Estimates for the general North American population range from 3 to 20 percent for transient tics (particularly among children below the age of ten); 2-5 percent for chronic tic disorders; and 0.1-0.8 percent for Tourette syndrome.
Some estimates are that as of the early 2000s cavities among adolescents have been reduced by nearly 40 percent.
Estimates vary from one in 5,000, to as many as one in every 300 individuals with this background.
One source estimates that as many as one in 20 insulin-dependent diabetics may have celiac disease.
One group of researchers at Johns Hopkins University estimates the incidence of XHIM in the general North American population as one in 1,030,000 males.
Estimates of the true incidence of inguinal hernias vary, but they may affect 1-5 percent of all births in the United States.
One study estimates that U.S. workers who develop pneumonia cost employers five times as much in health care as the average worker.
Later research, however, has revealed a growing number of girl gangs, with estimates as high as 10 percent of all youth gangs.
The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) estimates that 60 percent or more of raw poultry sold at retail carries some disease-causing bacteria.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that there are from six to 33 million cases of food poisoning in the United States annually, affecting men, women, and children.
The CDC estimates that one of every 50 consumers is exposed to a contaminated egg yolk each year, although thorough cooking kills the bacteria, making the food harmless.
The CDC estimates that, including direct medical costs and indirect societal costs, $5.40 is saved for every $1.00 spent on childhood VZV immunization.
The United Nations estimates 60 million children and infants have been abandoned by their families and live on their own or in orphanages in the world.
WHO estimates that every year about 10-12 million people worldwide receive post-exposure prophylaxis and that about 35,000 people-primarily children-die of rabies every year.
The prevalence of amblyopia is difficult to assess, with estimates ranging from 1.0 to 3.5 percent in healthy children to 4.0 to 5.3 percent in children with other vision problems.
Estimates suggest that about 4.5 percent of children ages 7 to 11 and 1.3 percent of children age 14 to 16 are school refusers.
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that, prior to the launch of the infant HBV immunization program, about 33,000 American children of non-infected mothers acquired hepatitis B by the age of ten.
The CDC estimates that, prior to the infant HBV immunization program, about 12,000 American infants per year were infected by their mothers at birth.
The CDC estimates that in 1998 the vaccine prevented 6,800 infections during birth and 18,700 infections in infants and children up to the age of nine.
The CDC estimates that infant hepatitis B vaccination saves fifty cents in direct medical costs for every dollar spent on HBV.
Such assessments, made by taking a series of radiographs and comparing them against appropriate standards, are both highly reliable and useful estimates of the stage of physical development.
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families Interim Estimates for 2000 as of August 2002 reports 30,939 foster parent adoptions and 10,612 relative adoptions through the foster parent system.
The prevalence of DiGeorge syndrome, is debated; estimates have ranged from one in 4,000 to one in 6,395.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) estimates that atopic dermatitis costs U.S. health insurance companies more than $1 billion every year.
The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that between 35,000 and 50,000 individuals worldwide die each year as a result of rabies.
Many facilities offer financing options and no-obligation estimates.
Personalized written estimates or price quotes for extension services.
For the best results, prospective clients should contact different clinics for consultations and fee estimates before making a final choice.
In civilian agencies, the amount was slightly higher; estimates came in at 17 percent.
The American Bar Association estimates that about 25 percent of attorneys will need a legal nurse consultant.
Any job results can be refined by Salary Estimates, Location, Job Type, Company, Job Title and Employer.
Remember, as with any Online Mortgage Calculators, these figures are merely estimates.
If you are thinking about purchasing Canadian real estate, specialized mortgage calculators can help you to determine which type of mortgage is best for you by providing monthly mortgage payment estimates and much more.
Canada calculators are specifically designed for Canada mortgages and can provide you with the best estimates, as well as answers to your mortgage payment questions.
However, you should keep in mind that the results that come from free mortgage calculators are only estimates and cannot be guaranteed.
Even if the estimates are not completely accurate, however, they are still a good starting point to help you calculate a mortgage payment.
This represents a 17 percent increase from estimates ten years earlier in 1990.
If your mortgage payment will include all four of the PITI formula, however, you will want to include all four estimates when trying to figure out how much your monthly mortgage payment will be.
Then, the process continues as the appraiser estimates the value of the property based on all of the features found, plus the most recent sale prices of the properties located in the area that are similar to this property.
These are all rough estimates of course.
Women whose cycles are always less than 27 days should not rely on calendar estimates at all.
According to expert estimates, about 20% of all couples suffer from some sort of infertility.
It can be a lot of fun to track your baby's prenatal development, but remember that these markers are merely estimates.
It's important that your prenatal health care provider estimates your conception date as accurately as possible.
As long as the date the doctor estimates for conception is within a week or so of ovulation, there really isn't anything to be concerned about.
However, if you’re expecting a baby, having a few estimates in mind might be helpful to create a budget for this special time in your life.
It measured a whopping 7.8 on the Richter Scale, and although early estimates put deaths at somewhere close to the 500 mark, today it's widely believed that close to 6,000 people perished in quake.
Before you read an Oreck XL air purifier review, you should know that the EPA estimates that 23 million people in the United States suffer from asthma, and indicates that it is one of the most common serious chronic diseases in children.
When figuring out your donation estimates for your yearly taxes, you may want to use the valuation guide provided by the Salvation Army as a way to determine the value of your donation.
In fact, the American Red Cross estimates that someone needs blood every two seconds to survive.
The United States Postal Service estimates that 85 percent of the population mails holiday cards each year.
A recent study by Stanford University estimates that seven percent of married couples in 2005 are multiracial, compared to less than two percent back in 1970.
Construction of the mine began in 2006 and De Beers estimates that it will produce about 600,000 carats of diamonds annually at full production.
The word usage examples above have been gathered from various sources to reflect current and historial usage. They do not represent the opinions of YourDictionary.com.