Essenes Sentence Examples
The contemplative asceticism of the Essenes of Judaea may be mentioned, and, somewhat later, the life of the Therapeutae on the shores of Lake Moeris.
He takes them as the type of the contemplative, in contrast with the Essenes, who represented rather the practical life.
While the Essenes were confined to Palestine or its near neighbourhood, the Therapeutae, we are told, existed in many parts of the world, but especially in Egypt.
To the modern reader the importance of the Therapeutae, as of the Essenes, lies in the evidence they afford of the existence of the monastic system long before the Christian era.
A precocious student of the Law, he made trial of the three sects of Judaism - Pharisees, Sadducees and Essenes - before he reached the age of nineteen.Advertisement
The sacred feasts of the Essenes and Therapeutae in particular, as described by Josephus and Philo, closely resembled the Eucharistic agape.
The Essenes, similarly, appointed houses all over Palestine where they could safely eat, and priests of their own to prepare their food.
The example had been already set by the Essenes in Judea and the Therapeutae in Egypt.
Josephus himself made trial of the sect of Essenes in his youth; but from his own statement it appears that he must have been a very short time with them, and therefore could not have been initiated into the inner mysteries of the society (De vita sua, 2).
It has been conjectured that the Clementine literature emanated from Essenes who had turned Christian.Advertisement
There is some difficulty in determining how far the Essenes separated themselves locally from their fellow-countrymen.
As the result of the ascetic training of the Essenes, and of their temperate diet, it is said that they lived to a great age, and were superior to pain and fear.
There were some of the Essenes who permitted marriage, but strictly with a view to the preservation of the race; in other respects they agreed with the main body of the society.
Josephus tells us too that the Essenes believed in fate; but in what sense, and what relation it bore to Divine Providence, does not appear.
On the one hand it might be maintained that the Essenes out-Pharisee'd the Pharisees.Advertisement
But as Pythagoras himself came from Samos, and his doctrines have a decidedly Oriental tinge, it may very well be that both he and the Essenes drew from a common source; for there is no need to reject, as is so commonly done, the statements of our authorities as to the antiquity of the Essenes.
This common source we may believe with Lightfoot to have been the Persian religion, which we know to have profoundly influenced that of Israel, independently of the Essenes.
The fact that the Pharisees and Sadducees so often figure in the pages of the New Testament, while the Essenes are never mentioned, might plausibly be interpreted to show that the New Testament emanated from the side of the Essenes.
That work contains the doctrine common to the Essenes with Plato, and suggestive of Persian Dualism, that God is the author of good only.
There are also certain obvious points of resemblance between the Essenes and the early Christians.Advertisement
De Quincey's contention that there were no Essenes but the early Christians is now a literary curiosity.
For a specially Jewish view of the Essenes see Kohler's article in the Jewish Encyclopaedia.
It connects the teaching of Plato with the doctrines of Neoplatonism and brings it into line with the later Stoicism and with the ascetic system of the Essenes.
A comparison between the Essenes and the Neopythagoreans shows a parallel so striking as to warrant the theory that the Essenes were profoundly influenced by Neopythagoreanism.
See Pythagoras, Neoplatonism, Essenes; and Zeller's Philosophie d.Advertisement
The Essenes, while clinging to what they held to be original Mosaism, yet conceived and practised their ancestral faith in ways which showed distinct traces of syncretism, or the operation of influences foreign to Judaism proper.
The first half of the 3rd century was marked, especially in Syria, by a strong tendency to syncretism, which may well have stirred certain Christian Essenes to fresh propaganda.
The sect of the Essenes probably shows an intermingling of the Greek with other lines of tradition among the Jews of Palestine.
But Alexander's conquests brought the Jews into contact with Hindu and Greek mysticism; and this probably explains the growth of the ascetic Essenes some two centuries before the Christian era.
It is probable that the Sadducees, if not also the Essenes, wholly neglected them.
Jesus never mentioned the names of the angels but Essenes had to remember them and had an extensive angelology This is pretty fatuous.
A baptism of Repentance John is preaching a baptism of repentance as did the Essenes.
This precept is one which the Essenes had adopted because they were trying to form a bridgehead for heaven on earth.
We shall see similar dishonesty in the following discussion of Bent Scholar's lists of similarities and dissimilarities between Jesus and the Essenes.
We should remember that the Essenes went so far as to refuse to bring bloody sacrifices at all.
Jesus led the sect of Essenes, the Nazarenes, who believed the End Time had come.
The Essenes took a solemn vow on entering the Community, but they had to swear it to themselves.
Essenes had very strict rules against breaking the sabbath which they observed with fervent rigor.
A similar translation of Ecclesiastes, followed by treatises on the Karaites, on the Essenes and on the Kabbala, kept the author prominently before biblical students while he was preparing the first sections of his magnum opus, the critical study of the Massorah.
If we consider how Philo, while remaining a devout Jew in religion, yet managed to assimilate the whole Stoic philosophy, we can well believe that the Essenes might have been influenced, as Zeller maintained that they were, by Neo-Pythagoreanism.
The original sources of our knowledge of the Essenes have been mentioned at the beginning of this paper; the best modern discussions of them are to be found in such works as Zeller's Philosophie der Griechen, vol.
For the Essenes, righteous and repentant people were all " sons of God ", and as such were a holy priesthood.
Aborigines, Hopis, Cherokees, Essenes, Egyptians, Kabbalists, Qeros, Navajos and the Dogon tribe all have similar prophesies regarding a 26,000 year evolutionary cycle and the end of that cycle on 2012.