Equivalence Sentence Examples
The equivalence of the four hydrogen atoms of methane rested on indirect evidence, e.g.
However, equivalence questions for the deterministic case, whether two grammars or pushdown automata generate the same language or tree are open.
If we adopt a conception of meaning where truth-conditional equivalence is sufficient for synonymy, we have an apparent counterexample to compositionality.
Double devolution, by linking the two changes together, implies an equivalence that might not emerge in practice.
The use of mathematical models to demonstrate safety equivalence is therefore becoming more important.Advertisement
Sample size was calculated on the basis of establishing equivalence of the two modes of care.
The logic makes use of purely operational concepts, such as observational equivalence of program fragments.
Compositional equivalence also provides strong evidence that no unintended changes have taken place.
Their denotational semantics are fully abstract with respect to contextual equivalence.
Make sure your kid gets a better education than you seem to have, with your pathetic attempts at moral equivalence.Advertisement
Identifying strategies by some kind of behavioral equivalence we expect to receive a linear category.
The external behavior of entities is characterized using the notion of a bisimulation equivalence.
Homotopy equivalence of spaces also has a relative version.
Do you agree with our proposals for changes to the guidance on the method of calculation for commission equivalence?
In order to resolve stimulus equivalence, stimuli can be combined into classes whenever a unique behavior is required.Advertisement
Does not this condition alone, in the absence of equivalence or exchange, in itself involve the nullity of the act?
The general purpose is to give something like an equivalence of importance to divisions or branches indicated by the same term, but it is not intended to imply that every phylum has the Ursprung der Wirbelthiere (Leipzig, 1875); and Lankester, Degeneration (London, 1880),, ti, ae / .r ?
Note the equivalence of orthogonal arrays with affine resolvable designs.
This is usually regarded as being, like (ii.), a statement of equivalence.
Hence the positions occupied by the nitro groups in the two different nitrobrombenzoic acids must be symmetrical with respect to the carboxyl group. In 1879, Hubner (Ann., 1 95, p. 4) proved the equivalence of the second pair, viz.Advertisement
A special algebra is one which differs from ordinary algebra in the laws of equivalence which its symbols obey.
Force, naturally expansive and operating on the homogeneous atoms which constitute elemental matter, is subject to the law of equilibrium, or equivalence of action and reaction.
A simple class of cases is that which deals with equivalence of sums of money in different currencies; these cases really come under § 120.
Ampere's experimental and theoretical investigation of the mutual action of electric currents, and of the equivalence of a closed circuit to a polar magnet, the latter suggesting his celebrated hypothesis that molecular currents were the cause of magnetism.
Equivalent terms, which are not necessarily identical or literal translations, were adopted for the English, French and German languages, the equivalence being closest and most systematic between the English and German terms.Advertisement
The law of reciprocal proportions, or, as it might well be named, the law of equivalence, cannot be adequately enunciated in a few words.
The law of reciprocal proportion, of which some examples have been already given, is part of a larger law of equivalence that underlies most of our chemical methods and calculations.
The ultimate value of numerical inquiries must depend on the equivalence of the units on which they are based.
Again, there are many theories of the equivalence of different cubic cubits of water with various multiples of talents (2, 3, 18, 24, 33); but connexion by lesser units would be far more probable, as the primary use of weights is not to weigh large cubical vessels of liquid, but rather small portions of precious metals.
Thirdly we have the limiting cases of this in the inductive syllogism 5ui 7riu'mw, 7 a syllogism in the third figure concluding universally, and yet valid because the copula expresses equivalence, and in analogy 8 in which, it has been well said, instances are weighed and not counted.
Petermann (Ann., 1869, 149, p. 129) provided the proof of the equivalence of the atoms 2 and 6 with respect to 1.
The evidence for this view, that all these agencies are at bottom connected together and parts of the same scheme, was enormously strengthened during the latter half of the 19th century by the development of a relation of simple quantitative equivalence between them; it has been found that we can define quantities relating to them, under the names of mechanical energy, electric energy, thermal energy, and so on, so that when one of them disappears, it is replaced by the others to exactly equal amount.
For in the latter case we possess, according to Hume, no standard of equivalence other than that supplied by immediate observation, and consequently transition from one premise to another by way of reasoning must be, in geometrical matters, a purely verbal process.
On the other hand a map drawn on the surface of a sphere representing a terrestrial globe will prove true to nature, for it possesses, in combination, the qualities which the ingenuity of no mathematician has hitherto succeeded in imparting to a projection intended for a map of some extent, namely, equivalence of areas of distances and angles.
Joule's experiments on the equivalence of W and H were not sufficiently precise to decide the question.
The fundamental character of energy in material systems here comes into view; if there were any other independent scalar entity, besides mass and energy, that pervaded them with relations of equivalence, we should expect the existence of yet another set of qualities analogous to those connected with temperature.
But instead of returning to the concrete fact of the equivalence of momentum, by which each body moving makes the other move oppositely, he denied that bodies do reciprocally act on one another, and even that bodies as mutually resisting substances press one another apart in collision.
The object of the present article is to illustrate the practical application of the two general principles - (I) Joule's law of the equivalence of heat and work, and (2) Carnot's principle, that the efficiency of a reversible engine depends only on the temperatures between which it works; these principles are commonly known as the first and second laws of thermodynamics.
Beside the equivalence of the hon to 5 utens weight of water, the mathematical papyrus (35) gives 5 besha = (2/3)cubic cubit (Revillout's interpretation of this as 1 cubit cubed is impossible geometrically; see Rev. Eg., 1881, for data); this is very concordant, but it is very unlikely for 3 to be introduced in an Egyptian derivation, and probably therefore only a working equivalent.
A large number of their statements are rough (2, 18, 33), being based on the working equivalence of the bath or epha with the Attic metretes, from which are sometimes drawn fractional statements which seem more accurate than they are.