Enterocolitis Sentence Examples
Increased risk of necrotizing enterocolitis in premature infants with patent ductus arteriosus treated with indomethacin.
Protecting these babies from necrotising enterocolitis will save them from having to undergo major surgery within the first few days or weeks of life.
This paper reviews the epidemiological evidence about MMR and autistic enterocolitis.
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a disorder that begins in newborn infants shortly after birth.
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a serious bacterial infection in the intestine, primarily affecting sick or premature newborn infants.Advertisement
Necrotizing enterocolitis is a serious infection that can produce complications in the intestine itself such as ulcers, perforations or holes in the intestinal wall, and tissue necrosis.
Necrotizing enterocolitis most commonly affects the ileum, the lower portion of the small intestine.
It is estimated that narcotizing enterocolitis affects 2 percent of all newborns, but it is more frequently seen in very low birth weight infants, affecting as many as 13.3 percent of these babies.
The cause of necrotizing enterocolitis is not clear.
Necrotizing enterocolitis almost always occurs in the first month of life.Advertisement
Early symptoms of necrotizing enterocolitis include an intolerance to formula, distended and tender abdomen, vomiting, and blood (visible or not) in the stool.
Sometimes, necrotizing enterocolitis must be treated with surgery.
Necrotizing enterocolitis is the most common cause of death in newborns undergoing surgery.
The most serious long-term gastrointestinal complication associated with necrotizing enterocolitis is short-bowel, or short-gut, syndrome.
In very small or sick premature infants, the risk for necrotizing enterocolitis may be diminished by beginning parenteral nutrition and delaying enteral feedings for several days to weeks.Advertisement
Breast-fed infants have a lower incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis than formula-fed infants; however, conclusive data showing that breast milk may be protective was as of 2004 not available.
A large multicenter trial showed that steroid drugs given to women in preterm labor may protect their offspring from necrotizing enterocolitis.
Sometimes necrotizing enterocolitis occurs in clusters, or outbreaks, in hospital newborn (neonatal) units.
Because there is an infectious element to the disorder, infants with necrotizing enterocolitis may be isolated to avoid infecting other infants.
Approximately 75 percent of all babies with necrotizing enterocolitis survive.Advertisement
Many sources advise parents to room in with the baby prior to discharge from the hospital so that they can learn how to care for the special health needs of infants recovering from necrotizing enterocolitis.
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is another complication of prematurity.
Occasionally, the presenting symptom may be a severe intestinal infection called enterocolitis, which is life threatening.
Enterocolitis can lead to severe diarrhea and massive fluid loss, which can cause death from dehydration unless surgery is done immediately to relieve the obstruction.
These infants are also at higher risk for an overgrowth of bacteria in the intestines, including subsequent episodes of enterocolitis, and should be closely followed by a physician.Advertisement
Mortality from enterocolitis or surgical complications in infancy is 20 percent.
It is important to diagnose the condition early in order to prevent the development of enterocolitis.
Babies born early can also experience necrotizing enterocolitis, a potentially fatal intestinal problem.
The study, Ileal-lymphoid-nodular hyperplasia, non-specific colitis, and pervasive developmental disorder in children concludes, "We have identified a chronic enterocolitis in children that may be related to neuropsychiatric dysfunction.