The cole des Fonts et Chausses at Paris is maintained by the government for the training of the engineers for the construction and upkeep of roads and bridges.
He drew up a scheme for the construction of a pier at Madras, to avoid the dangers of landing through the surf, and instructed his brother-in-law in England to obtain estimates from the engineers Brindley and Smeaton.
- a From the Post Office Electrical Engineers' Journal.
Fenwick Williams. In 1861 he became director-general of engineers at the War Office, assisting General Milutin in the reorganization of the army.
Exchange From the Post Office Electrical Engineers' Journal.
When one of two subscribers connected together by this arrangement talks, the Exchange From the Post Office Electrical Engineers' Journal.
.1 From the Post Office Electrical Engineers' Journal.
regiments of engineers forming 22 battalions, and I railway regiment; (e) 20 squadrons of traiii, 27 legions of gendarmerie and the.
The French colonial (formerly marine) infantry, recruited by voluntary enlistment, comprises 18 regiments and 5 independent battalions (of which 12 regiments are at home), 74 batteries of field, fortress and mountain artillery (of which 32 are at home), with a few cavalry and engineers, &c., and other services in proportion.
2+f From the Post Office Electrical Engineers' Journal.
of non-commissioned officers for commissions in the infantry, cavalry, artillery and engineers respectively.
A first scheme, indicated by him, was immediately drawn out by two French engineers who were in the Egyptian service, MM.
After being slightly modified, the plan was adopted in 1856 by an international commission of civil engineers to which it had been submitted.
The tonnage of the commerce of this port amounted, according to the reports of the United States army engineers, to 107,421 tons in 1904 and to 249,174 tons in 1908, of which in the latter year nearly 80% was lumber.
When the consolidation of the Dominion by means of railway construction was under discussion in 1872, Grant travelled from the Atlantic to the Pacific with the engineers who surveyed the route of the Canadian Pacific railway, and his book Ocean to Ocean (1873) was one of the first things that opened the eyes of Canadians to the value of the immense heritage they enjoyed.
In front of the Royal Engineers' Institute is a statue (1890) of General Gordon, and near the railway station another (1888) to Thomas Waghorn, promoter of the overland route to India.
unveiled a fine memorial arch commemorating Royal Engineers who fell in the South African War.
The institutions which co-operate with the universities are the special schools for engineers at Turin, Naples, Rome and Bologna (and others attached to some of the universities), the higher technical institute at Milan, the higher veterinary schools of Milan, Naples and Turin, the institute for higher studies at Florence (Istituto di studi superiori, pratici e di perfezionamento), the literary and scientific academy of Milan, the higher institutes for the training of female teachers at Florence and Rome, the Institute of Social Studies at Florence, the higher commercial schools at Venice, Ban and Genoa, the commercial university founded by L.
Civil Engineers, xlix.
The active or standing army comprises 18 battalions of infantry, 12 regiments of cavalry, 8 regiments of artillery, and 4 battalions of engineers.
This point is dwelt upon, because the speed limitations of the hand-crane are often overlooked by engineers.
There are 4 regiments (if battalions) of engineers.
The personnel of the navy consists of the following corps: (I) General staff; (2) naval engineers, chiefly employed in building and repairing war vessels; (3) sanitary corps; (4) commissariat corps, for supplies and account-keeping; (5) crews.
Two able officers, Colebrooke of the Bengal Engineers, and Blair of the sea service, were sent to survey and report.
Again, the practical engineers who are building aeroplanes, and those who are making practical tests by actual flight in those machines, cannot be called "researchers"; that term should be confined to the members, for example, of the scientific committee appointed by the British Government in 1909 to make investigations regarding aerial construction and navigation.
The first portion of the Manchurian railway, built by Russian engineers, with Chinese labour, was finished in 1902.
The Duma endorsed this all but unanimously, and as the result the Grand-dukes Peter and Sergius resigned their posts of inspector-general of Engineers and Ordnance respectively, and the Grand-duke Nicholas his chairmanship of the Committee of National Defence.
Other engineers, however, such as Joseph Locke, cheapened the cost of construction by admitting long slopes of i in 80 or 70.
In the United States a committee of the American Society of Civil Engineers, appointed to consider the question of rail manufacture in consequence of an increase in the number of rail-failures, issued an interim report in 1907 in which it suggested a range of carbon from 0-55 to 0-65% for the heaviest sections of Bessemer steel flange rails, with a phosphorus maximum of 0.085%; while the specifications of the American Society for Testing Materials, current at the same period, put the carbon limits at o 45 to 0-55%, and the phosphorus limit at o io.
For rails of basic open-hearth steel, which is rapidly ousting Bessemer steel, the Civil Engineers' specifications allowed from o 65 to 0-75% of carbon with 0-05% of phosphorus, while the specifications of the American Railway Engineering and Maintenance of Way Association provided for a range of 0.75 to 0-85% of carbon, with a maximum of 0.03% of phosphorus.
The unit of power commonly used by engineers is the horse-power, and this unit corresponds to a rate of working of 550 foot-lb of work per second.
In his sixteenth year he entered the office of his father, who was partner and manager of a firm of engineers.
He then became lieutenant of engineers, and took part in the Russian campaign, during which he was taken prisoner and was confined at Saratov on the Volga.
The second decision grew out of the attempt of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers to prevent other roads from accepting freight from the Toledo, Ann Arbor & North Michigan railroad, against which a "legal" strike had been declared.
Arthur, chief of the Brotherhood, a party, and called Rule 1 2, forbidding engineers to haul the freight, criminal.
The river has been improved by Federal engineers since 1870; in June 1909 (up to which time $ 1, 799, 0 33 had been expended for improvements) there was a channel ioo ft.
Thomson), " New Standard and Inspectional Electrical Measuring Instruments," Proc. Soc. Telegraph Engineers, 1888, 17, p. 540; J.
The dockyard was first constructed by French engineers; but after 1875 the work passed entirely into the hands of Japanese engineers.
Of great value for cartographical work is a careful survey, carried out by American engineers (1897-1898), for a continental railway running along the west coast from Mexico to Chile.
For about a century and a half before that time, levee building had been undertaken in a more or less spasmodic and tentative way, first by riparian proprietors, then by local combinations of public and private interests, and finally by the state, acting through levee districts, advised by a Board of Engineers.
The Federal government, after its participation in the work, acted through a Board of Engineers, known as the " Mississippi River Commission."
almost completely closed the channel until it was broken up by government engineers.
The line was designed, surveyed and constructed by Turkish engineers - employing Ottoman navvies and labourers - in a highly efficient and economical manner, the average cost per mile having been £3230, although considerable engineering difficulties had to be overcome, especially in the construction of the Haifa branch.
His instructions on this point deserve the closest study, for he foresaw the inevitable attraction which a complete entrenched camp would exercise even upon himself, and, therefore, limited his engineers to the construction of a strong bridge head on the right bank and a continuous enceinte, broken only by gaps for counter attack, around the town itself.
The other public buildings of the town include the infirmary founded in 1837, the present buildings being erected in 1883, and subsequently enlarged; the sanatorium, the seamen's hospital, the South Wales Institute of Mining Engineers (which has a library) built in 1894, the exchange, an institute for the blind, a school for the deaf and dumb, and one of the two prisons for the county (the other being at Swansea).
Hellevoetsluis is an important naval station, and possesses a naval arsenal, dry and wet docks, wharves and a naval college for engineers.
He was knighted in 1897, and received the Royal (1875), Davy (1888), and Copley (1904) medals of the Royal Society, besides filling the offices of president of the Chemical Society and of the Institution of Electrical Engineers.
The magnetic flux per square centimetre at any point (B, B, or 0) is briefly called the induction, or, especially by electrical engineers, the flux-density.
But though a formula of this type has no physical significance, and cannot be accepted as an equation to the actual curve of W and B, it is, nevertheless, the case that by making the index e =1.6, and assigning a suitable value to r t, a formula may be obtained giving an approximation to the truth which is sufficiently close for the ordinary purposes of electrical engineers, especially when the limiting value of B is neither very great nor very small.
Being destined for the army, the young prince was entered at the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, in 1866, and gazetted to the Royal Engineers on the 19th of June 1868.
Its organization consists of 40 battalions of infantry with one transport and one depot company, 14 regiments of cavalry of 4 squadrons each, 6 regiments of field artillery with 24 batteries and 6 battalions of heavy artillery with 24 batteries, and two battalions of engineers.
Numbers of English artisans and shipbuilders, Swedish ironfounders, German engineers and French manufacturers sought fortunes in the new country, and diffused industry by their example.
The principal facilities granted by the state are, exemption of taxation for a determined period of years, reduced railway fares for the goods manufactured, placing of government contracts, the grant of subsidies and loans and the foundation of industrial schools for the training of engineers and of skilled workmen.
In consequence of the breaking away of the lower part of "Cleopatra's Needles" when removed to Alexandria and re-erected, the Roman engineers supported the angles on bronze crabs, one of which with three reproductions now supports the angles of the obelisk on the Thames Embankment.
Civil Engineers (1906); R.
The mere control of existing traffic, local street improvements and provision of new means of communication between casual points, were felt to miss the root of the problem, and in 1903 a Royal Commission was appointed to consider the whole question of locomotion and transport in London, expert evidence being taken from engineers, representatives of the various railway and other companies, of the County Council, borough councils and police, and others.
In addition there have been established in many countries schools for the education of workmen, in order to fit them for minor positions and to enable them to work intelligently with the engineers.
German engineers have also devoted special attention to the measurement of the flow in rivers; the Beitreige zur Hydrographie des Konigreiches Bohmen (Prague, 1872-1875) of A.
In 1855 he was elected president of the Institution of Civil Engineers, of which he became a member in 1830.
In 1842 he was appointed a second lieutenant in the corps of the topographical engineers.
Until the Civil War he was engaged in various engineering works, mainly in connexion with lighthouses, and later as a captain of topographical engineers in the survey of the northern lakes.
As workers in metals and as potters they displayed infinite variety of design, while as cultivators and engineers they excelled their European conquerors.
British engineers surveyed the routes for the first lines and superintended the work of construction, but within a few years the, l apanese were able to dispense with foreign aid altogether, both in building and operating their railways.
He served in the Black Hawk and Seminole wars, and left the army in 1837 to become a civil engineer, but a year afterwards he was reappointed to the army as first lieutenant, Topographical Engineers, and breveted captain for his conduct in the Seminole war.
He was a lieutenant-colonel of engineers in the Confederate army during the Civil War.
C. Roberts-Austen's six Reports (1891 to 2904) to the Alloys Research Committee of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, London, the last report being concluded by William Gowland; the Cantor Lectures on Alloys delivered at the Society of Arts and the Contribution a l'etude des alliages (2902), published by the Societe d'encouragement pour l'industrie nationale under the direction of the Commission des alliages (2896-2900), should be consulted.
There are several religious educational institutions in the town, and a military academy for engineers.
So certain is the ore-bearing formation that engineers in estimating its auriferous contents feel justified in assuming, as a factor in their calculations, a vertical extension limited only by the lowest depths at which mining is feasible.
The idea was even mooted of damming up the river near Hauconcourt, and thus, flooding out the whole of the civil population of Metz; but expert civil engineers, who were sent for from Germany, reported against the proposal.
When the royal engineers of the Russo-Afghan Boundary Commission entered Herat in 1885 they found its defences in various stages of disrepair.
Abdur Rahman and his successor Habibullah steadfastly refused the offer of British engineers to strengthen its defences; and though the Afghans themselves have occasionally undertaken repairs, it is doubtful whether the old walls of Herat are maintained in a state of efficiency.
He was admitted to the Ecole Polytechnique in 1812, and late in 1814 he left with a commission in the Engineers and with prospects of rapid advancement in his profession.
He became captain in the Engineers in 1827, but left the service altogether in the following year.
He agreed to pay to Decebalus an annual subsidy, and to supply him with engineers and craftsmen skilled in all kinds of construction, but particularly in the erection of fortifications and defensive works.
The conclusions arrived at by the royal commission of 1891, which may be taken as generally representative of the views of British colliery engineers, are as follows: - I.
Current progress in mining and other matters connected with coal can best be followed by consulting the abstracts and bibliographical lists of memoirs on these subjects that have appeared in the technical journals of the world contained in the Journal of the Institute of Mining Engineers and that of the Iron and Steel Institute.
They contain barracks for the Royal Engineers and Army Service Corps, the general parade, which stretches east and west, and five infantry barracks called after battles (other than those of Wellington), of the wars with France, 1 793181 5.
Suitable grounds in the vicinity of the barracks, of which Caesar's Camp, the Long Valley and Laffan's Plain are best known, are utilized for company, battalion and brigade training of infantry, while the mounted branches work over a wider area, and the engineers carry out their practices where most convenient.
In 1811 Espartero was appointed a lieutenant of Engineers in Cadiz, but having failed to pass his examination he entered a line regiment.
The Mexican Geographical Society (Sociedad mexicana de geografia y estadistica), founded in 1833, has rendered invaluable services in the work of exploration and publication; there are also the Geological Society, the Association of Engineers and Architects, and the Society of Natural History.
He utilized his father's engineers in the construction of a path or gallery winding up round the Sigiri rock.
Carnot had just accepted promotion to the rank of major in the engineers.
The establishments in 1910 consisted of thirteen regiments and fifty separate companies of infantry, two squadrons and two troops of cavalry, four light batteries, one regiment of engineers, a signal corps of two companies and a naval militia, commanded by a captain and consisting of two battalions and two separate divisions.
The engineers sapped up to the ruins of the western work, saw the shelters on the reverse slope and directed artillery fire by telephone.
The great lines of aqueducts built by Roman engineers, and dating from 300 B.C. onwards, where they are carried above FIG.
The Wittingen bridge by the same engineers had a span of 390 ft., probably the longest timber 1 For the ancient bridges in Rome see further Rome: Archaeology, and such works as R.
(Smiles, Lives of the Engineers, ii.
1854-1855, was a remarkable example of the confidence with which engineers began to apply theory in design.
General specifications as to span, loading, &c., are furnished to bridge-building companies, which make the design under the direction of engineers who are experts in this kind of work.
- For a long time engineers held the convenient opinion that, if the total dead and live load stress on any section of a structure (of iron) did not exceed 5 tons per sq.
Baker described the condition of opinion as to the safe limits of stress as chaotic. " The old foundations," he said, " are shaken, and engineers have not come to an agreement respecting the rebuilding of the structure.
In the present day engineers are in accord as to the principles of estimating the magnitude of the stresses on the members of a structure, but not so in proportioning the members to resist those stresses.
Practical experience taught engineers that though 5 tons per sq.
Some engineers escape this difficulty by asserting that Wohler's results are not applicable to bridge work.
He was educated at Edinburgh, Addiscombe, and Chatham, and joined the Bengal Engineers in 1840.
In front of the Perches redoubts, the Bosmont, whence the Prussian engineers began their attack, is now heavily fortified with continuous lineslcalled the Organisation defensive de Bosmont.
Denfert-Rochereau, however, understood better than other engineers of the day the power of modern artillery, and his plan was to utilize the old works as a keep and an artillery position.
army corps at the Lisaine, in which a part of the siege corps bore a share, put an end to the attempt to relieve Belfort, and the siege corps was promptly increased to a strength of 17,600 infantry, 4700 artillery and i too engineers, with thirtyfour field-guns besides the guns and howitzers of the siege train.
A fresh impetus to commerce was given by the opening in 1910 of the railway from Tongking, a line built by French engineers and with French capital.
On the 30th of July the Federal engineers exploded a mine under the hostile works, and Burnside's corps rushed to the assault.
Whether it was desired to build a railway bridge, disable a locomotive or cut a canal, the engineers were always ready with some happy expedient.
Body in Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, cxliii.
For several years he took an active part in the discussions of the Institution of Civil Engineers, of which he was elected an honorary member in 1851.
The department of war controls the formerly very small, but now largely increased, army of the United States; and its corps of engineers execute the river and harbour improvements ordered by Congress.
The full active force of the present organization is as follows: 15 regiments of cavalry, with 765 officers and 13,155 enlisted men; 6 regiments of field artillery, with 236 officers and 5220 enlisted men; 30 regiments of infantry, with 1530 officers and 26,731 enlisted men; 3 battalions of engineers, with 2002 enlisted men, commanded by officers detailed from the corps of engineers; a special regiment of infantry for Porto Rico, with 31 officers and 576 enlisted men; a provisional force of 50 companies of native scouts in the Philippines, with 178 officers and 5731 enlisted men; staff men, service school detachments, the military academy at West Point, Indian scouts, &c, totalling 11,777 enlisted men.
- General descriptions of different portions of the river are indicated in the Index to the Reports of the Chief of Engineers, U.
Port Said dates from 1859 and its situation was determined by the desire of the engineers of the Suez Canal to start the canal at the point on the Mediterranean coast of the isthmus of Suez nearest to deep water, and off the spot where Port Said now stands there was found a depth of 26 ft.
Immediately after his return he sent to Austria and Prussia for as many sappers, miners, engineers and carpenters as money could procure.
Engineers and other craftsmen make extensive use of abrasion, effected by the aid of such abrasives as emery and carborundum, in shaping, finishing and polishing their work.
Marshall, civil engineers, surveyed every part of the cave.
Lamoriciere, Christophe Leon Louis Juchault De (1806-1865), French general, was born at Nantes on the 1 1th of September 1806, and entered the Engineers in 1828.
The latter's prosperity is still attested by its archaeological remains (notably the "Treasury of Minyas") and the traces of artificial conduits by which its engineers supplemented the natural outlets.
The child-labour law of 1909 forbids the employment of children under eighteen years of age in blast furnaces, tanneries, quarries, in managing elevator lifts or hoisting machines, in oiling dangerous machinery while in motion, at switch tending, as brakesmen, firemen, engineers, motormen and in other positions of similar character.
Modern engineers favour the practice of having the stones of various sizes instead of being uniform, because if these sizes are wisely proportioned the whole mixture can be made more solid, and the rough "pockets" avoided.
Some engineers have the sand separated from the stones by screens or sieves and then remixed in definite proportions.
New fortresses were constructed under the direction of Dutch engineers.
Raynolds, of the United States Corps of Topographical Engineers, with full knowledge of Bridger's accounts, was ordered to explore the region in 1859, and yet, chiefly because of the persistent incredulity with which the accounts of the phenomena were received, the region remained practically unknown until 1870.
The accession of a new mikado in 1868 finally ended the old seclusion; financiers, engineers, artisans poured in from Western Europe, and from America came bands of teachers, largely under missionary influence.
The Bavarian army comprises sixty-seven battalions of infantry, two battalions of rifles, ten regiments of cavalry (two heavy, two Ulan and six Chevauxlegers), a squadron of mounted infantry (JÃger-zu-pferde), twelve field and two foot-artillery regiments, three battalions of engineers, three of army service, and a balloon section; in all 60,000 men with 10,000 horses.
All along the main coasts of the former sultanate of Achin military posts have been established and military roads constructed; even in Pedir, on the north coast, until 1899 the most actively turbulent centre of resistance of the sultan's party, and still later only pacified in parts, Dutch engineers were able to build a highway to connect the west with the east coast, and other works have been successfully carried out.
Among societies of general utility are the Society for Public Welfare (Maatschappij tot nut van't algemeen, 1785), whose efforts have been mainly in the direction of educational reform; the Geographical Society at Amsterdam (1873); Teyler's Stichting or foundation at Haarlem (1778), and the societies for the promotion of industry (1777), and of sciences (1752) in the same town; the Institute of Languages, Geography and Ethnology of the Dutch Indies (1851), and the Indian Society at the Hague, the Royal Institute of Engineers at Delft (1848), the Association for the Encouragement of Music at Amsterdam, &c.
The best tool steel should not contain more than 0.02% of either, and in careful practice it is often specified that the phosphorus and sulphur respectively shall not exceed 0.04 and o 05% in the steel for important bridges, or o 06 and 0 07% in rail steel, though some very prudent engineers allow as much as 085% or even o To% of phosphorus in rails.
The fact that rolling is so much cheaper than forging has led engineers to design their pieces so that they can be made by rolling, i.e.
The Belgian regular army is thus composed: infantry, one regiment of carabiniers, one of grenadiers, three of chasseurs a pied, and fourteen of the line, all these regiments having 3 or 4 active and 3 or 4 reserve battalions apiece; cavalry, two regiments of guides, two of chasseurs a cheval, and four of lancers, all light cavalry; artillery, four horse, thirty field, and seventy siege batteries on active service; engineers, 140 officers and 2000 men.
de Freycinet, then a young officer of engineers, as his assistant secretary of war, he displayed prodigies of energy and intelligence.
as engineers, and it is not unusual for a large estate, or group of estates, to have one member of the European staff who is a qualified engineer.
It is the effort of the British engineers in Egypt to remodel the surface of the fields to this type.
Further information may be found in Sir C. C. Scott-Moncrieff, Irrigation in Southern Europe (London, 1868); Moncrieff, " Lectures on Irrigation in Egypt," Professional Papers of the Corps of Royal Engineers, vol.
Considering his want of experience of such rivers as the Nile, and the great difficulties he had to contend with under a succession of ignorant Turkish rulers, it would be unfair to blame him because, until it fell into the hands of British engineers in 1884, the work was condemned as a hopeless failure.
Negotiations were on foot for carrying out this system when the British engineers arrived in Egypt.
The attention of the British engineers was then called to this serious calamity; and fortunately for Egypt there was serving in the country Col.
When British engineers first undertook the management of Egyptian irrigation many representations were made to them of the advantage of storing the Nile water; but they consistently maintained that before entering on that subject it was their duty to utilize every drop of the water at their disposal.
Professional Papers on the Corps of Royal Engineers, vol.
The engineers are a technical body, not concerned with field warfare or with the command of troops.
Other branches represented in Great Britain by the Royal Engineers are known in Germany by the title communication troops, and comprise railway, telegraph and airship and balloon battalions.
The active naval personnel was, in 1906, 2631 officers (including engineers, marines, medical, &c.) and 51,138 under-officers and men, total 53,769.
Basil also took advantage of the difficult position of Sigismund of Poland to capture Smolensk, the great eastern fortress of Poland (1512), chiefly through the aid of the rebel Lithuanian, Prince Michael Glinsky, who provided him with artillery and engineers from western Europe.
As an officer of engineers he replaced Cavour in 1831 at the fortress of Bardo.
He was major-general and commanderin-chief of the engineers in the Lombard campaign of 1859.
There are two Evangelical and two Roman Catholic churches, a gymnasium, schools for warrant officers and engineers and other naval educational institutions.
It is estimated that the first line army in war would consist of 460,000 infantry, 49,000 cavalry, 78,000 artillery, 21,000 engineers, &c., beside train and noncombatant soldiers.
C. i treats of the finding of good water; c. 2 of rainwater and rivers - rivers in various countries; c. 3 of hot springs, mineral waters, with an account of the chief medicinal springs of the world; c. 4 of selection of water by observation and experiment; c. 5 of instruments for levelling used by aqueduct engineers; c. 6 of construction of aqueducts, pipes of lead, clay, &c., and other matter on the subject of water-supply.
Although attempts were made to read Egyptian hieroglyphs so far back as the 17th century, no promise of success appeared until the discovery of the Rosetta stone in 1799 by the French engineers attached to Napoleons expedition to Egypt.
On the 22nd of March a force, consisting of two British and three Indian battalions, with a naval brigade, a squadron of lancers, two companies of engineers, and a large convoy of camels carrying water and supplies, under Major-General Sir J.
Lyttelton (1st Northumberlands and Grenadier Guards, 2nd Lancashire and Rifle Brigade); Egyptian division, under Major-General Hunter, consisting of four brigades, commanded by Colonels MacDonald, Maxwell, Lewis and, Collinson; mounted troops2Ist Lancers, camel corps, and Egyptian cavalry; artillery, under Colonel Long, 2 British batteries, 5 Egyptian batteries, and 20 machine guns; detachment of Royal Engineers.
equipment), 3 battalions of fortress artillery and 6 companies of engineers, with in addition various local troops and details.
After three years at the Ecole he was admitted into the corps of engineers, and served in the army of the Sambre and Meuse; he was present at the passage of the Rhine in 1797, and at the affairs of Ukratz and Altenkirch.
According to a revised mining law of 1899 (subsequently amended), all mines are required to be in charge of certified mine managers, mine examiners, and hoisting engineers, when the services of the engineers are necessary; and every mine must have an escapement shaft distinct from the hoisting shaft.
cotton-spinning, dyeing, motor-manufacture (City & Guilds of London Institute), architecture (Royal Institute of British Architects), commercial subjects, shorthand (the Society of Arts and London Chamber of Commerce), engineering (Institutions of Civil Engineers, of Mechanical Engineers, and of Electrical Engineers).
After graduating at the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1825, he acted as assistant professor there for some time, and as a lieutenant in the corps of engineers he was engaged for a year or two in the erection of coast fortifications.
According to the English engineers who surveyed the country on behalf of the Palestine Exploration Fund, the area of this part of the country is about 6040 sq.
Much light has been thrown on facts which have long been known in a practical way, by the labours of the Alloys Research Committee of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers (England).
The two first-named are trustworthy, but are evidently unsuitable for the greater portion of engineers' work, for which .riveting and bolting are the methods adopted.
The ornamental bronzes and brasses are generally lacquered, though in engineers' machinery they are as a rule not protected with any coating.
N.N.W., is famous for the iron-works established in 1760 by Dr John Roebuck (1718-1794), whose advising engineers were successively John Smeaton and James Watt.
As practical irrigation engineers they are only rivalled by the Chinese.
Ghazni was reached 21st July; a gate of the city was blown open by the engineers (the match was fired by Lieut., afterwards Sir Henry, Durand), and the place was taken by storm.
At the end of the Seven Years' War, seeing no chance of promotion, he entered the service of the East India Company, and was appointed surveyor of the Company's dominions in Bengal (1764), with the rank of captain in the Bengal Engineers.
The excavations, which continued for more than forty years (1738-1780), were executed at first under the immediate direction of Alcubierre (1738-1741), and then with the assistance of the engineers Rorro and Bardet (1741-1745), Carl Weber (1750-1764), and Francesco La Vega.
The work of construction was under the control of the Inland Waterways and Docks Section of the Royal Engineers, and involved the reclamation of a large tract of swampy foreshore, the widening and deepening of the waterway, the construction of a wharf and jetty nearly a mile in length equipped with powerful cranes and of docks for the building and repair of certain kinds of craft, the erection of acres of hutments and store-sheds, and the laying of some 50 m.
In July 1838 he was appointed second lieutenant of Topographical Engineers in the United States army, and for the next three years he was assistant to the French explorer, Jean Nicholas Nicollet (1786-1843), employed by the war department to survey and map a large part of the country lying between the upper waters of the Mississippi and Missouri rivers.
A railway from Seoul to Wiju was planned under French engineers, but the work was started by the Korean government.
The scientific instrument of the other, with its moments of analysis and construction, metodo risolutivo and metodo compositivo, engineers the road for the advance.
to, 1896); California Debris Commission, Reports (in Annual Reports Chief of Engineers, United States Army, from 1893).
In 1808 the building and organization of the navy was begun with the aid of French officers and engineers.
A further contingent of six or seven thousand Russians had arrived on the 22nd of April; Russian engineers were busy with the fortifications along the Straits; Russian agents alone were admitted to the sultan's presence.
Two of the commissioners must be residents of the District, and the third commissioner must be an officer of the Corps of Engineers of the United States Army.
Many of the graphical methods therein given have now passed into the textbooks usually studied by engineers.
One of the most beautiful graphical constructions regularly used by engineers and known as the method of reciprocal figures is that for finding the loads supported by the several members of a braced structure, having given a system of external loads.
Retaining walls, as designed by British engineers I: 8
Retaining walls, as designed by French engineers 1: 5
Rivers, see Index to Reports of the Chief of Engineers, United States Army (3 vols., 1900, covering 1866-1900); publications United States Geological Survey.
He was president of the Institution of Electrical Engineers (then the Society of Telegraph Engineers) in 1877.
Engineers and other specialists are recruited on various terms. A certain number, again varying from year to year, almost from month to month, are allowed to engage for the full 12 years with the colours (long service).
of loo companies (told off to garrisons, siege train and heavy field batteries) and 8 batteries mountain guns; the Corps of Royal Engineers, organized into mounted field troops, field companies, fortress, telegraph, railway, searchlight, balloon, wireless companies and bridging train; the Army Service Corps, divided into transport, supply, mechanical-transport and other companies and sections; the Royal Army Medical Corps of 35 companies; the Army Ordnance Corps; the Army Veterinary Corps; Army Post Office Corps (formed on mobilization only) and Army Pay Corps.
The special reserve, converted from the militia, consists of infantry, field and garrison artillery, the Irish Horse (late Yeomanry), engineers, and a few A.S.C. and R.A.M.C. Its object is to make good on mobilization deficiencies (so far as they may exist of ter the calling in of the army reserve) in the expeditionary or regular forces, and to repair the losses of a campaign.
for upkeep of kit, and most receive "service" or "proficiency" pay at 3d.-6d a day; and engineers, A.S.C. and R.A.M.C. specialist pay at various rates.
The conscripts were formerly trained for 90 days, but according to the law of 1901, the conscript is bound to serve in time of peace - in the infantry, position artillery, fortress artillery, fortress engineers, and the army service corps a total of 240 days; and in the cavalry, field artillery, field engineers, and field telegraph corps a total of 365 days.
A division in time of war would probably consist of 2 battalions of infantry (4 regiments, 12 battalions), with 4 squadrons of cavalry, 1 artillery regiment, I company of engineers, &c. A cavalry division would consist of 2 brigades of 8 squadrons each, and 1 brigade of horse artillery.
In 1904 the permanent force consisted of 12 battalions of infantry, 6 regiments of cavalry, 4 regiments of mountain artillery, 1 regiment of horse artillery, 2 regiments of coast artillery, and 5 companies of engineers - aggregating 915 officers and 4757 men.
broad, across the stream of the Cauvery proper, which is supposed to date back to the 4th century, is still in excellent repair, and has supplied a model to British engineers.
Competent engineers and specialists have declared that borings in the Bakhtiari hills, west of Shushter, would give excellent results, but the difficult hilly country and the total absence of roads, as well as the antipathy of the inhabitants of the district, would make the transport and establishment of the necessary plant a most difficult matter.
The question of constructing a telegraph in Persia as a link in the overland line to connect England with India was broached in Teheran by Colonel Patrick Stewart and Captain Anglo- Champain, officers of engineers, in 1862, and an agreeIndian Tele~ment on the subject concluded by Edward Eastwick, graph Line.
In this year, too, the mining rights of the Imperial Bank of Persia were ceded to the Persian Bank Mining Rights Corporation, and a number of engineers were sent out to Persia.
Among other engineers, Telford and Stephenson favoured the project of converting Wallasey Pool into a great basin for shipping; but, largely owing to the fears of Liverpool lest a formidable rival should thus be created, it was not until 1843 that parliamentary powers were obtained, and the work entrusted to James Rendel, who finished it in less than five years.
Freetown is the headquarters of the British army in West Africa, and a force of infantry, engineers and artillery is maintained there.
Later boring operations were undertaken by the government, and the advice of engineers acquainted with Egyptian and Indian irrigation works sought.
Cunningham, Bengal Engineers, ibid.
It is as builders or engineers that they have established their most permanent records, Makran being full of the relics of their irrigation works constructed in times when the climatic conditions of Baluchistan must have been very different from what they are now.
The board of public works, composed of engineers, controls streets, sewers, buildings and public improvements.
Among other scientific and educational institutions are the Schleswig-Holstein museum of national antiquities in the old university buildings, the Thaulow museum (rich in Schleswig-Holstein wood-carving of the 16th and 17th centuries), the naval academy, the naval school and the school for engineers.
Thanks, however, to the efforts of automobile engineers, great improvements were now being effected in the petrol engine, and, although the certainty and trustworthiness of its action still left something to be desired, it provided the designers of flying machines with what they had long been looking for - a motor FIG.
in 1520, is generally occupied by the commander of the engineers or of the regiment stationed on the island.
On the 14th of September, after three days of artillery preparation, the assault was delivered, under Nicholson's leadership. Two practicable breaches had been made by the siege guns, and a party of engineers under Home and Salkeld blew in the Kashmir gate.
He had been much helped by his opportunities of intercourse with the great architects, engineers and mathematicians who frequented the court of Milan - Bramante, Alberghetti, Andrea di Ferrara, Pietro Monti, Fazio Cardano and, above all, Luca Pacioli.
In American practice the use of steel in buildings of ten or more storeys, or in manufacturing plant where the floor loads are heavy and frequently " live " in the sense of causing vibration, has led to more careful specifications as to the quality of materials and character of workmanship, and it is the custom of the leading architects to have the structural frame inspected and tested during manufacture at the foundries, rolling-mills and shops by a firm of engineers making a speciality of such inspections.
Sent as a lieutenant of engineers to the Mexican War, he took part in the battles under General Scott, and by his gallantry won the brevets of first-lieutenant at Contreras-Churubusco and captain at Chapultepec; he was afterwards detailed as assistant-instructor at West Point, and employed in explorations in the South-West and in Oregon.
In 1853 he passed out at the head of the list of engineers, and, after a brief practical experience at Almeria and Granada, was appointed professor of pure and applied mathematics in the school where he had lately been a pupil.
In 1838 he went into the office of John Urpeth Rastrick, one of the leading railway engineers of the day, where he was employed in designing bridges for the line from London to Brighton, and also in surveying for railways in Lancashire.
Fowler was engineer of the London Metropolitan railway, the pioneer of underground railways, and noteworthy in that it was mostly made not by tunnelling, but by excavating from the surface and then covering in the permanent way; and he lived to be one of the engineers officially connected with the deep tunnelling "tube" system extensively adopted for electric railways in London.
In 1865 he was elected president of the Institution of Civil Engineers, the youngest president who had ever sat in the chair.
Most of these causes are perfectly well understood by experienced engineers, but instances of by malconstruction of recent date are still met with., A few such cases will now be mentioned.
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, vol.
It is notorious among engineers that retaining walls designed in accordance with the well-known theory of conjugate pressures in earth are unnecessarily strong, and this arises mainly from the assumption that the earth is merely a loose granular mass without any such adhesion.
Many of its members became famous as engineers, economists, and men of business.
To keep the beam truly in its place, which is very necessary, as all the bearings are flat,the re From Airy, " On Weighing Machines," Institution of Civil Engineers, 1892.
Soc. Engineers, vol.
In 1810 the town was surrendered to the Russians under Kamenskiy, who destroyed its fortifications before they withdrew, but they were rebuilt by foreign engineers, and in1828-1829were strong enough to offer a serious resistance to the Russians under Diebich, who captured the town with the loss of 3000 men.
During the campaign of 1854 it was successfully defended by General Krach against the Russians under Paskievich; the circuit of its defences had been strengthened before this time by the outlying fortresses Medjid-tabia (built by English engineers) and Arab-tabia.
The road to India was first made by British and is now maintained by Afghan engineers.
Graham of the U.S. topographical engineers; and as the western part of the boundary was not marked by stones, and local disputes arose, the line was again surveyed between 1901 and 1903 under the direction of a commission appointed by Pennsylvania and Maryland.
When British engineers were employed to survey the route for a railway between Mequinez and Fez, this was reported as indicating an absolute sale of the country.
Thus we speak of counting up to a certain number; and similarly mathematicians speak of high and ascending powers, while engineers speak of high pressure, high speed, high power, &c. This tendency is probably aided by the use of bricks or cubes in elementary number-teaching.
The solubility of naphthalene by various oils has led some engineers to put in naphthalene washers, in which gas is brought into contact with a heavy tar oil or certain fractions distilled from it, the latter being previously mixed with some volatile hydrocarbon to replace in the gas those illuminating vapours which the oil dissolves out; and by fractional distillation of the washing oil the naphthalene and volatile hydrocarbons are afterwards recovered.
Then the isthmus a few miles north of the town, between it and Bulair, was fortified with strong earthworks by English and French engineers, mainly on the lines of the old works constructed in 13 57.
The line of railway is very nearly that of the canal, and the work of the railway engineers was of great value to the French engineers of the canal.
After the event, Catherine raised him to the rank of count and made him adjutantgeneral, director-general of engineers and general-in-chief.
Dr. Addison had to deal with various labour troubles, and in particular with a serious strike of engineers in May 1917.
It was refortified by the celebrated Dutch general of engineers,Coehoorn, in the beginning of the 18th century.
The problem of draining and utilizing these lands was not the only difficulty to be surmounted by the Hungarian engineers; the requirements of navigation and the necessity in winter of preventing the formation of large ice-fields, such as caused the disastrous floods at Budapest in 1838, had also to be considered.
The engineers of the commission have been equally successful in dealing with the Sulina branch of the river.
The royal engineers are 4 regiments of sappers and miners, I of pontooners, I battalion of telegraph engineers, I of railway engineers with cyclists, I balloon corps, and ~ colonial corps.
As an officer of engineers he presented to the National Assembly in 1790 a Memoire on the standardization of weights and measures.
He entered the College of the City of New York in 1876, but at the end of three years went to West Point, where he graduated in 1880, receiving a commission as second lieutenant of engineers.
Hitherto the work had been in charge of high-salaried civilian engineers who dwelt at a distance.
The work, as reorganized, was directed by army engineers subject to the control of the President of the United States.
He was commissioned as second lieutenant in the corps of Royal Engineers on the 23rd of June 1852.
After passing through a course of instruction at the Royal Engineers' establishment, Chatham, he was promoted lieutenant in 1854, and was sent to Pembroke dock to assist in the construction of the fortifications then being erected for the defence of Milford Haven.
He returned to England towards the end of 1858, and was then selected for the appointment of adjutant and field-works instructor at the Royal Engineers' establishment, /v and took up his new duties at Chatham after promotion to the rank of captain in April 1859.
He was then a colonel in the army, though still only a captain in the corps of Royal Engineers.
This will excite the curiosity of our structural engineers.
Additional engineers for three aces straight of things to saysbut ABC officials.
Engineers must have Ada, Real time and embedded experience.
The Mercedes engineers say computer-games aficionados aged 8 to 18 handle it with ease; golden oldies need not apply.
The uncertainty analysis is continued at a scale more recognizable to civil engineers by examining decision-making in relation to flood alleviation.
rich aristocrats paid engineers to explore on their estates, digging deep shafts, hoping to hit coal.
No unusual skills are needed, but engineers carrying out the port will need good knowledge of the original 680x0 or 80x86 assembler.
botanical specimens bought back from all parts of the British Empire by engineers taking the forestry courses.
The Engineering Challenge was the original brainchild of AWE Engineers who were involved in providing Engineering and technology advice to local schools.
Brush Key gets its name because Dutch engineers used brushwood to divert the mouth of the river out to sea.
Breaking the Laws of Physics, again, Monterey engineers added a spacious cuddy cabin to last years wildly popular 228 SI.
cadastre plans, drawn up by Russian army engineers.
castle rampart to the entrance of the room used by BBC engineers as a studio.
Approach Emma consulted senior Rotating Equipment Engineers, compiled the checklist and then gained feedback on the layout and material it covered.
chock-full of information on a variety of topics useful to engineers and other artisans.
He was paraded along the seafront on a steam powered trolley attended by engineers who would be black from shoveling coal.
commence Walker is meeting with the service engineers (electricians, water, heating engineers) at the Brewhouse, week commencing 26th.
Their engineers are fully skilled with intimate knowledge of telescopic conveyors and the package also included a full year's parts and labor warranty.
At the age of 18, he also became principal cornet with the Royal Engineers TA Band in Monmouth.
corvette engineers car insurance sports uk they can be those companies is.
This condition will surely excite the curiosity of our structural engineers.
draughtsmanchool at 15, he became an apprentice draftsman with a firm of civil engineers.
Delivery and Installation fully qualified engineers deliver and install to your exact specification.
This one year course is pending accreditation by the Institute of incorporated engineers.
Now we wait for the civil engineers report on what needs to be done to fix it.
How many electrical engineers does it take to change a light bulb?
He proposed a national center to get the planners, architects, developers, housing professionals and even the highway engineers to work together.
They seek experienced ASIC Engineers to design, verify and implement their products.
For minor faults, engineers endeavor to respond within 24 hours.
Road Test: Lexus RX400h The Lexus engineers have achieved the impossible in creating a huge 4x4 that doesn't ruin the environment.
Yamaha engineers were told to build a four-stroke machine for the street, which could be used as a base for four-stroke racing.
gazetted 2/Lt. to the special reserve of the Royal Engineers, 21st June 1913.
The Officers Mess was full of members from both the Royal Engineers and ICE South, who tucked into generous helpings of curry!
ingenuity of the engineers at Steyr.
These holes become invisible to anyone working on site, even to hole engineers who are always willing to provide more.
The repulsive force between like poles of magnets can be used for magnetic levitation which engineers are trying to exploit in modern train systems.
Throughout the entire life cycle of a product engineers are frequently required to predict how changes could propagate.
The terrible defeat of the 40-hour strike in 1919 and the engineers ' lockout of 1922 killed off the shop stewards movement.
Some aircraft maintenance engineers work away from home in remote locations for extended periods of time.
The conference will bring together mathematicians, physicists, and engineers of varying backgrounds and occupations.
metallurgy at university said after working her vacation at TCCL that it was a good training ground for young engineers.
metallurgy technology and the ability of engineers to construct boilers which could provide high pressure steam.
Engineers were given the task of tunneling underneath the enemy trench, with the intention of then detonating mines directly underneath the front line.
Combat engineers are trained and equipped to clear enemy minefields which block or hinder movement.
Roger Harris traveled northbound on the maiden voyage: A Cable & Wireless engineers cruise story.
Twenty nine Kazakh army engineers have destroyed more than three-and-a-half million pieces of deadly ordinance in two yeas of operations.
metal pergolas were created specially by Reaseheath engineers to reduce the number of uprights.
My sister remembers that it was the Royal Engineers, and that their lorries all had polar bears on then.
reexaminewake of 9/11 architects and engineers are thoroughly reexamining the assumption and methods that were previously state of the art.
Moreover, we cannot fail to be struck by the obvious resemblance of living organs to the carefully planned designs of human engineers.
At certain times the odor control system will be temporarily shut down to enable engineers to safely access the equipment.
spliceout engineers building the bombs, programming the missiles, splicing the genes into the smallpox virus, this stuff wouldn't exist.
submersible systems, and is a member of the Society of Petroleum Engineers.
One interesting tip-off is that most of his customers are model engineers.
woodcuts for commercial artists, engineers, metallurgists and the curious.
Now, we may select any definite quantity of work we please as our unit, as, for example, the work done in lifting a pound a foot high from the sea-level in the latitude of London, which is the unit of work generally adopted by British engineers, and is called the "foot-pound."
Noteworthy additions were made to Cleveland architecture in the county court house and the city hall (of the uncompleted " Group " plan); in office buildings like the Engineers, the Illuminating, the Leader-News, and the Hanna buildings; in the " Plain Dealer " newspaper building; in the Cleveland Trust Co.'s bank building; in the Museum of Art; and in churches, the Church of the Covenant (Presbyterian), St.
Yet it is in this stratum, and in this alone, that the catacombs are constructed; their engineers avoiding with equal care the solid stone of the tufa litoide and the friable pozzolana, and selecting the stratum of medium hardness, which enabled them to form the vertical walls of their galleries, and to excavate the loculi and cubicula without severe labour and also without fear of their falling in.
For commerce and communications: Railroad Commissioners of Louisiana, Annual Report (New Orleans, 1900 ff.); U.S. Interstate Commerce Commission, Statistics of Railways (annual, Washington); on river navigation and river improvements, especially of the Mississippi, an enormous mass of material in the Annual Reports of the Chief of Engineers, U.S. Army (consult Index to Reports of same, 1866-1900, 3 vols., Washington, 1902, and cp. article on 1ilississIPPI River); on river commerce see U.S. Census of 1880, vol.
Looking at the stage of culture which the Britons had probably reached, it would further be a natural inference that there was no such thing as a bridge anywhere in Britain before the Roman occupation; but, if Dion's statement is correct, it may be suggested as a possible explanation that the increased intercourse with Gaul during the hundred years that - elapsed between Julius Caesar's raids and Claudius Caesar's invasion may have led to the construction of a bridge of some kind across the Thames at this point, through the influence and under the guidance of Roman traders and engineers.
The mortality was large, and it was believed by the engineers that temperatures over 104Ã‚° would have proved fatal to most of the workmen.
Williams, The Diamond Mines of South Africa (New York, 1902); Periodical Publications - A nnales des mines de Belgique (Brussels, quarterly); Australian Mining Standard (Melbourne, Sydney and Brisbane, weekly); Engineering and Mining Journal (New York, weekly); Gliickauf (Essen, weekly); Mines and Quarries; General Report and Statistics (London, annually); with details from official reports of colonial and foreign mining departments; Mines and Minerals (monthly, Scranton, Pennsylvania); The Mineral Industry (New York, annually); Transactions of the American Institute of Mining Engineers (New York); The Mining and Scientific Press (weekly, San Francisco); Transactions of the Institute of Mining and Metallurgy (London); Transactions of the Institution of Mining Engineers (Newcastle-on-Tyne).
See The Story of the Life of George Stephenson, including a Memoir of his Son Robert Stephenson, by Samuel Smiles (1857; new ed., 1873); Jeaffreson, Life of Robert Stephenson (2 vols., 1864); and Smiles 's Lives of British Engineers, vol.
The total number of units were, in the infantry, 28 regular battalions, I reserve battalion and 3 battalions of Frontier Guards; in the cavalry some 8 squadrons; in the artillery 9 field batteries; in the engineers 1 electro-technical and 1 auto battalion, a pioneer company and a railway operating company plus an aviation corps, or a total of about 1,200 officers and 35,000 men.
(See Smiles, Lives of the Engineers, " Rennie.") The architects of the Renaissance showed great boldness in their designs.
In 1831 he was implicated in the revolutionary movement organized by Ciro Menotti (see Francis Iv., of Modena), and was condemned to death and hanged in effigy, but escaped to France, where he was given an appointment in the French corps of engineers.
An officer of engineers seeing it wrote to recommend Monge to the commandant of the military school at Mezieres, and he was received as a draftsman and pupil in the practical school attached to that institution; the school itself was of too aristocratic a character to allow of his admission to it.
The Bavarian army comprises sixty-seven battalions of infantry, two battalions of rifles, ten regiments of cavalry (two heavy, two Ulan and six Chevauxlegers), a squadron of mounted infantry (JÃƒger-zu-pferde), twelve field and two foot-artillery regiments, three battalions of engineers, three of army service, and a balloon section; in all 60,000 men with 10,000 horses.
Insurance against old age and invalidity comprehends all persons who have entered upon their 17th year, and who belong to one of the following classes of wage-earners: artisans, apprentices, domestic servants, dressmakers, charwomen, laundresses, seamstresses, housekeepers, foremen, engineers, journeymen, clerks and apprentices in shops (excepting assistants and apprenticesin chemists shops), schoolmasters, schoolmistresses, teachers and governesses, provided the earnings do not exceed 100 per annum.
Sir Charles Hartley, who was chief engineer of the commission from 1856 to 1907, 1 in a paper contributed to the Institution of Civil Engineers in 1873 (vol.
Soc. of Engineers, 1882, p. 145) and by Dr. John Hopkinson (Journal of Soc. of Arts, 1882, vol.
The little fellow who whirls his "New York Flyer" round the nursery, making "horseshoe curves" undreamed of by less imaginative engineers, is concentrating his whole soul on his toy locomotive.
In the wake of 9/11 architects and engineers are thoroughly reexamining the assumption and methods that were previously state of the art.
The real challenge facing British engineers, however, was the design and construction of a self-moving road engine for pulling loads.
Engineers say that lowers the chance the van will skid sideways.
And the industry will still need engineers skilled in design and research.
They will allow engineers to evaluate the advantages of autonomous spacecraft operation.
Without engineers building the bombs, programming the missiles, splicing the genes into the smallpox virus, this stuff would n't exist.
In among this sea of male engineers, there are, if you squint a bit, a few girls.
Mr Stewart specializes in the operations and service of submersible systems, and is a member of the Society of Petroleum Engineers.
Chinese engineers like to tell stories about Western traffic experts who arrive brimming with solutions only to depart, shaking their heads in despair.
Full of original woodcuts for commercial artists, engineers, metallurgists and the curious.
The engineers said the bridge was now safe, however, no one wanted to risk crossing it.
The engineers were concerned about the structural integrity of the dam wall.
The engineers are working very hard to make sure that the space shuttle will not lose any air pressure.
They didn't like the new design but the engineers had to conform to the plan that the architect gave them.
A team of engineers specifically focused on ensuring the space shuttle was hermetic so that the passengers would stay safe.
The engineers want to make three-dimensional printers available to the hoi polloi in the next decade.
Our engineers are paid to design our products with an ergonomic style in mind, for added comfort.
The engineers' newest project is to devise a more efficient water filtration system.
Whe the robot started going amok and could not be controlled, the engineers realized they had made a terrible mistake in the programming.
So he had his engineers take a chainsaw and welding torch to a sedan; the next day he was driving around in a convertible.
Do you know any engineers, scientists, or video game fanatics?
Engineers recently tackled the unraveling carpet problem and developed an acrylic material called fake fur specifically designed to withstand repetitive cat scratching.
More recently, engineers improved on the efficiency of photovoltaic cells by using several different cells with multiple band gaps, known as "multijunction" cells.
To produce a steady supply of electricity, power systems engineers introduce a battery storage unit that stores up the electrical energy produced when there's a lot of sunlight.
With what scientists and engineers know about cybernetics and robotics they still have yet to create a real "fake" animal.
Bioengineering requires excellent communication skills, as engineers work together to solve problems, use the telephone and Internet to find information and present information to small and large groups of people.
Building Design for Homeland Security: As the threat of terrorism increases, building engineers and architects will have a greater role in preventing losses associated with terrorist attacks.
A favorite event is the junk-collection ship building contest, where hopeful engineers can use only materials found around the ship and each vessel is tested in a hot tub for sea worthiness and durability.
Ships' Crew: Sailors experienced in Florida's waterways as well as how to operate these unique vessels may find employment with StarLite, including officers, navigators, engineers, and other crew members.
Royal Caribbean also offers jobs to engineers and computer specialists at their Information Technology Division center located in Miramar, Florida.
Engineers are also responsible for keeping the ship's maintenance records and inventories.
Indeed, there seems to be no limit to what engineers are able to conceive.
Founded in the United States by a group of scientists and engineers, the organization was first led by Charles Benjamin Dudley.
If you are searching for gift ideas for retired engineers, the good news is there are many choices for useful and enjoyable gifts.
Often, engineers enjoy gifts that have a purpose and allow them to solve a problem or learn something new.
Retired engineers will also likely be drawn to some of the latest gadgets and technology, as well as humorous retirement gifts.
Even though every retired person is different, retired engineers often have things in common.
Like anyone, retired engineers will especially like personalized gifts.
Since many engineers probably enjoy cheering on a particular sports team, consider finding out their favorite team and think about what types of accessories they might like the most.
One hobby that some retired engineers may pursue is collecting things, whether it be baseball hats, coffee mugs, t-shirts, or gifts with their favorite team logo.
Keeping the mind active is important for retired engineers.
Retired engineers might also enjoy different types of writing instruments, such as mechanical pens and pencils of various thicknesses.
There are lettering and pen sets for engineers who might continue to design and create available at Engineer Supply.
Some good options for magazines and reading material that engineers will enjoy might include things related to saving money, traveling, sports, and hobbies.
Another good idea is to give a gift card to a place that sells gadgets that engineers might love, such as an outdoor store, like REI or Cabelas.
For engineers who love to read, but want to use the latest technology, consider the Amazon Kindle, iPad, or the Nook.
A great retirement gift for engineers, or anyone retiring, is a gift that is personal and meaningful.
Most projects have a lead designer who is responsible for coordinating with engineers, artists and producers.
Should you build up your army first, or is it more important to train your engineers?
The company's team of engineers and designers are constantly working on developing and testing new features designed to enhance comfort, safety, and performance.
Des Plaines, IL: American Society of Safety Engineers, 2003.
Bayt.com: This site has up to date positions, which include IT, engineers, and managers.
Business: The business opportunities at the company are vast, and include engineers, project managers, operations specialists, and staff specialists.
Managing programmers, developers, engineers, systems analysts, computer scientists, technicians and technology administrators.
Engineers are known for making some of the highest salaries.
The Golden Gate Bridge history incorporates the visions of entrepreneurs and engineers with the visions of citizens in six counties, to create a transportation link that would meet the needs of a growing population.
Most engineers said the bridge would be too costly - possibly over $100 million.
Strauss was selected from a pool of eleven engineers to design and construct the bridge.
Although Joseph Strauss is credited as being the Chief Engineer, he received notable help from Irving Morrow, Charles Alton Ellis, and many other engineers and technicians who helped create this beautiful national landmark.
The Crayola Color Explosion Glow Dome is just another example of Crayola engineers creating a great toy.
If you are writing in the computer industry, you may be writing documentation for people as learned as electrical engineers, or novices such as end users.
Some technical writers write about advanced equipment that can be used by professionals in a given field, such as firefighters, engineers, miners and race car drivers, just to name a few.
Technical writers are sometimes known as technical content developers, documentation engineers, information developers, or document specialists.
Technical writers typically are crosses between engineers and writers.
Engineers, for the most part, understand the subject, but probably cannot write about it in such a way that other people can understand.
Boeing is all about developing future engineers.
A famous train wreck on the Lake Shore and Michigan Southern Railway in Kipton, Ohio on April 19, 1891 occurred because one of the engineers' watches had stopped for 4 minutes.
To create wristwatches built to withstand the forces of nature, F&S engineers smoothly fuse sporty style and elegance with superior functionality and incomparable strength.
Customers feel secure knowing their watch comes from a solid foundation of high precision components put together by today's top-rated horology engineers.
Artisans and horology engineers of the 1990s and 2000s began to shine a spotlight on the wooden clock designs of past eras, sparking new interest in the hearts of the consumer public.
Expanding technological frontiers has made it possible for engineers to devise miniature yet useful products like small clock radios or stereos.
Eagerly, Seiko responded to what the company's horology engineers perceived as a mighty challenge.
By engaging engineers with a devotion to accuracy and finding designers who care about style innovations, Hamilton has become a contemporary model for fashion jewelers and precision watch making.
Ventura Elvis Anniversary Edition: To commemorate the original Ventura Elvis Presley donned in Blue Hawaii, Hamilton engineers revamped the design, boosted up the functional features and increased the case size.
First Wrist Watch: In response to Brazilian pioneer aviator, Alberto Santos-Dumont's complaints about the impractical pocket watch, Cartier engineers created the world's first wrist watch for men in 1904, the Cartier Santos.
Citizen's horology engineers work hard to make sure ladies are not just accommodated, but totally pampered with gorgeous timepieces fitted for delicate wrists.
The overwhelming positive response to Freestyle's initial Shark watches soon prompted engineers and designers to create more.
The information available about this vehicle may change as the designers and engineers rework the design in the time until its production.
Consumers complained about the poor fuel economy of the V6, and engineers worked to improve the fuel consumption for this model.
While the 356 set a standard in European sports car design, the Porsche company sought to do more with their vehicles and show off what the engineers could produce.
Engineers have long sought alternatives that combine the light weight of plastic with the durability of steel.
Include everything from hair stylists and fast food workers to fire fighters and computer engineers.
It specializes in providing quotes for people in the following occupations: medical professionals, attorneys, dentists, engineers, accountants and IT professionals.
So he hired aeronautics engineers to examine the physics of the situation and come up with a seamless solution.
The Project Backstep engineers had managed to get the sphere to work, but that didn't mean they knew exactly how it worked.
Can the 'gods' - surely the long-dead engineers who created the whorl - come through this time?
Then move on to sequels The Ringworld Engineers, in which more is discovered about the creation of the Ringworld, The Ringworld Throne and Ringworld's Children.
Social networking is used by college students, homemakers, business managers, actors, writers, researchers, teachers, directors, engineers, politicians and more.
This doesn't necessarily mean that the Cheat Engine will work; the engineers at Zynga and Playfish and even Facebook work hard to insulate their games from the hacks so that people can only play them as intended.
Unless you are a reseller who can afford to hire professional engineers, making sure the hosting company has easily accessible support staff is essential.
Their engineers and personnel believe in simplicity by design, which is evident from their online storefront.3104 O Street, #383, Sacramento, CA 95816.
Moseley was in Australia with the British Association in 1914 when the World War broke out; he returned to England, obtained a commission in the Royal Engineers, and was killed by a Turkish bullet on the Gallipoli peninsula on Aug.
Conductors and engineers do get very tired and go home to rest.