In more severe cases a drug very like natural surfactant (Exosurf Neonatal or Survanta) can be dripped into the lungs through a fine tube (endotracheal tube) placed in the infant's windpipe (trachea).
A gentler way of assisting breathing, continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), delivers an oxygen mixture through nasal prongs or a tube placed through the nose rather than an endotracheal tube.
If swelling of the airway tissues is closing off the airway, the person may require the insertion of an endotracheal tube to artificially maintain an open airway.
If the victim's breathing has stopped or is otherwise impaired, a tube is inserted into the windpipe (trachea) to maintain the airway (endotracheal intubation).
If this procedure fails, the infant can be intubated with a endotracheal tube to which the resuscitator can then be connected.
Endotracheal tube-A hollow tube that is inserted into the trachea (windpipe) through the nose or mouth.
They had removed the endotracheal tube, but he still had a feeding tube through his nose.
The nurse thought his larynx might still be irritated from the endotracheal or feeding tube.