Ency), see D.
For the 9th edition of the Ency.
16 is probably a corruption of the similar compound Adonijah (so Cheyne, Ency.
Nethinim, and Benzinger, Ency.
Smith's article "Levites" in the 9th edition of the Ency.
There is a various reading «aµuAos (cable) for Ka/lfXos (camel), but Cheyne, in the Ency.
Among particular discussions may be named Cheyne, Ency.
Tisdall, Sources of the Qur'an (1905); and Ency.
Cheyne, article "Prayer," in Ency.
See also articles "Sacrifice" in Ency.
" Sacrifice " in Ency.
of the Ency.
Smith (after Kuenen), Ency.
Benzinger, articles " Government," "Family " and " Law and Justice," Ency.
" Israel," § 2, Ency.
It is another question whether such literature can be identified (for Cheyne's views, see Ency.
" Israel," Ency.
It was_ only when the nation was no longer knit i This un-Hebraic name, which is not unlike aran, " ark," should possibly be corrected to Adonijah (Cheyne, Ency.
and the Ency.
in Jewish Church (1881 and 1892), passim, and partly in the article on the Books of Samuel in the Ency.
" David "; Cheyne, Ency.
See articles in Ency.
Woodhouse), Jewish Ency.
" Syria," in Ency.
The sacred cakes of Astarte and old holy wells associated with her cult were later even transferred to the worship of the Virgin (Ency.
Moore in Ency.
17-19 (see Ency.
"Maccabees," § 2, in Ency.
See further the very full articles in the Jewish Ency.
and the Jewish Ency.
The suggestion to place Brachiopods with the Polyzoa, Phoronis, Rhabdopleura and Cephalodiscus, in the Phylum Podaxonia made in Ency.
pp. 269-272 (1900); Budde, article "Habakkuk" in Ency.
of supp. to Ency.
Robertson Smith (Ency.
Origin of the Psalter, Bampton Lectures (1891), and the article Psalms (in Ency.
Box (1908); Article on Isaiah in Ency.
a The sketch of the history of Syriac literature here presented is based on Wright's great article in the 9th edition of the Ency.
5) can be illustrated from the Assyrian sculptures (Ency.
Zeitung, August, 1908 Aegean scenes, and it is noteworthy that the Arab mi'zar (drawers such as were worn by wrestlers or sailors) takes its name from the izar or loin-cloth (Ency.
On the importance attached to the beard, see Ency.
(1907), pp. 40 sqq.; and on some interesting ideas associated with sandals, see Ency.
Bible (Hastings), Ency.
(2nd ed., 1905), pp. 555 seq., and Schmiedel's paragraphs in Ency.
Letterkunde, 1900, pp. 49-5 1, 82-84; also in Ency.
iv., pp. 967-970) (1902), by Nowack, is a reproduction from his work cited above; the article in the Ency.
by Wellhausen is a revision of his article in the 9th edition of the Ency.
(19) Lankester, art, "Polyzoa," Ency.
20, is quite impossible and the interpretation of the passage is really only appropriate to Saul ("the asked one"): the two names are sometimes confused in the Septuagint (Ency.
Marti, who (like Cheyne in Ency.
359, 360, and by Cheyne in the Ency.
c. 3068-3074, the latter incorporating most of the original article (Ency.
- xxvii.; also Ency.
211; Timperley, Ency.
Lindsay in article "Heresy," Ency.
See further Ency.
Zimmern's somewhat different treatment of the subject in Ency.
On the other Old Testament references to creation, and on the prophetic doctrine of creation, see Ency.
On the traces of dragon and serpent myths in the Old Testament and their significance, see Gunkel, Schopfung and Chaos (1895) - a pioneering work of the highest merit - and Ency.
Mus., 1858; "Reptiles of British India," Ray Soc., 1864; article Snakes, Ency.
Text of Kings) reads: "how he fought with Damascus and how he turned away the wrath of Yahweh from Israel"; see also Ency.
Bible (Chase) and the Ency.
As regards the English spelling of the name adopted throughout the Ency.
The latter's important conclusions (for which see his article with Cheyne's additions in Ency.
His book exhibits a Christianity that is - as Harnack (Ency.
The epistle is quoted by Eusebius 1 Ency.
Oud-Christ (1861), and Ency.
The leading historical stages in the evolution of the modern conception of the molecular structure of matter are treated in the following passage from James Clerk Maxwell's article Atom in the 9th edition of the Ency.
"Protozoa" in Ency.
A number of passages seem to have been inserted subsequently to the time of Amos, on which see Ency.
of Zebedee " in the Ency.
Driver in his revision of Smith's article in Ency.
Many parts of the book offer a very hard task to the expositor, especially the genealogies, where to other troubles are added the extreme corruption and many variations of the proper names in the versions; on these see the articles in the Ency.
of Semites, pp. 1 33, 44 2; Ency.
See further, Ency.
Further details respecting priestly offices and hereditary priesthoods and the relation of Aaronids to Zadokids will be found briefly discussed in Ency.
See further "Cherubim," in Ency.
o, for parallels see Moore, Ency.
see Jew, Ency.
"Prophetic Literature" in Ency.
Bible; also "Prophetic Literature," by Cheyne and others in Ency.
"Sychar," in Ency.
22 seq., and on the Talmudic custom of applying to the Romans the references to Edom or Esau, see Jewish Ency.
Some, too, find in the Amarna tablets the historical background for Joseph's high position at the Egyptian court (see Cheyne, Ency.
"Exodus" in Ency.
The arrangement adopted by Ray Lankester in the 9th edition of the Ency.
Since the 9th edition of the Ency.
Smith's article in Ency.
822-824; Gaster, Ency.
Some of Poole's best work was done in his articles for the Ency.
Meyer in the Ency.
von Gutschmid and Albrecht Socin in the Ency.
393-4 02; Sabatier's article in Ency.
epitres (1890); Harnack, Die Chronologie, 480 seq., 710-711; Moffatt, Ency.
Ray Lankester (Ency.
Bennett), and "Mesha" in Ency.
"avenger"; see Driver, Ency.
Cheyne in Ency.
In the latter we possess a more historical account of the anointing of Jehu, and Robertson Smith observes: "When the history in I Kings represents Elijah as personally commissioned to inaugurate [the revolution] by anointing Jehu and Hazael as well as Elisha, we see that the author's design is to gather up the whole contest between Yahweh and Baal in an ideal picture of Elijah and his work" (Ency.
2 See the discussions by Cheyne, Ency.
It is shown, for instance, in Loomis's auroral data, which are based on observations at a variety of European and American stations (Ency.
The evidence (see further Ency.
24-26), see Ency.
Church, pp. 331-345, where his earlier views (1877) in the Ency.
12); and it is to this group of narratives that the ascension of Elijah forms the introduction" (Robertson Smith, Ency.
Dublin Society (1901); P. Geddes, "Variation and Selection," Ency.
Weldon, "Variation and Selection," Ency.
Pearson, " The Function of Science in the Modern State," Ency.
The term was first used in English in the 3rd edition of the Ency.
" Trade and Commerce, Ency.
Palestinian origin (Marquart, Winckler, Cheyne, Ency.
On the names, see Genealogy: Biblical; Levites, § 2, end, and Ency.
An artificial or civil day is, to a certain extent, difficult to define; it "may be regarded as a convenient term to signify all the various kinds of ` day ' known in legal proceedings other than the natural day" (Ency.
p. 38; Noldeke, Ency.
Nestle in Ency.
The uncertain etymology of the word is discussed in the Ency.
For the historical Matthew, see Ency.
Erbt in Ency.
" Law Literature " in the Ency.
Schiller-Szinessy, articles " Midrash," " Mishnah," and " Talmud," in Ency.
drawn up by Tiele (Ency.
The names Esau and Edom are possibly old divine names; see ESAU and Ency.
p. 234 Ency.
Edomiter (1893); Noldeke's article in Ency.
(in collaboration, 1906); Modern Research as illustrating the Bible (1909); articles in the Ency.
Population.In 1881 the present writer estimated the population of Persia at 7,653,600; 1,963,800 urban, 3,780,000 rural and 1,909,800 wandering (Bevolkerung der Erde, p. 28; Ency.
For other interpretations, especially as regards the mother, see Ency.
It is an unwarranted assumption that all the fragments of Israelite legislation which have been preserved lie in one serial development " (Moore, Ency.
Harford Battersby, Ency.
Weiss's Judas Makkabaeus (1897), and the articles in the Ency.
Lindsay, The Church and the Ministry, and articles in Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible and the Ency.
COELENTERA, a group or grade of the animal kingdom, the zoological importance of which has risen considerably since the time (1887) of the publication of the first article under that heading in the Ency.
5 Article on " Sacrifice " in Ency.
We may, therefore, confine our attention to the latest exposition of it by Schmiedel in the Ency.
It is obtained from zorgite by heating the mineral with aqua regia; the excess of acid is evaporated, and the resulting syrupy liquid diluted, filtered and decomposed by sulphur dioxide, when the selenium is precipitated (Billandot, Ency.
Before this calamity Abe, contained II I° houses and 13,000 inhabitants; and its university had 40 professors, more than 500 students, and a library of upwards of 30,000 volumes, together with a botanical garden, an 1 The object of the story of the encounter is to explain the name Helkath-hazzurim, the meaning of which is doubtful (Ency.
2 Cheyne, Ency.
Schmidt has gone further into the character of this sympathetic prophet, Ency.
Let us premise, however, that the portions mentioned in the 9th edition of the Ency.
On this point see especially Schmidt, Ency.
176 sqq.; Kamphausen in Ency.
332 sqq.; and the articles in the Ency.
See Duleau, "Notice sur Fresnel," Revue ency.
Cheyne suggests that the names of Hobab and of Jonadab the father of the Rechabites were originally identical (Ency.
Robertson Smith in the 9th edition of the Ency.
For a sketch of the history of the Edomites, see Noldeke's article "Edom" in the Ency.
In this case there is no friction and no sensible wear, so that very great perman - ency of condition and constancy of action might be expected.
" Zephaniah," Ency.
Micah of Mareshah and Obadiah of Bethhaccerem, see Cheyne, Ency.
Smith (note 4, previous page), reprinted in Ency.
The changes may be appreciated by comparing the systematic synopses at the end of this article with the classification adopted in 1877 in the 9th edition of the Ency.
Bibliographical articles are given in the Ency.
Lastly, Cheyne (Ency.
1-64; Erbt, Die Purimsage (1900); Ency.
" Baalzebub," Black and Cheyne's Ency.
He wrote on Persia and Phoenicia in the 9th edition of the Ency.
He was a contributor to the Speaker's Commentary, the Pulpit Commentary, Smith's Dictionary of the Bible, and various similar publications; and he was the author of the article "Herodotus" in the 9th edition of the Ency.
The serious character of the problems of early Israelite history can be perceived from the renewed endeavours to present an adequate outline of the course of events; for a criticism of the most prominent hypotheses see Cheyne, Ency.
He was also the writer of the article "Religions" in the 9th edition of the Ency.
Fuller bibliographical information will be found in the works already mentioned, in the articles in the Ency.
Stade in Ency.
In addition to the references already made, seethe articles in Ency.
The Latin name Carpinus has been thought to be derived from the Celtic car, wood, and pin or pen, head, the wood of hornbeams having been used for yokes of cattle (see Loudon, Ency.
, pp. 230 sqq.) has however been questioned by Willrich, Judaica, 35-39 (see Cheyne, Ency.
102-135, Bertholet, Die Stellung der Israeliten and der Juden zu den Fremden, 1 79-349; articles in Ency.
During the 19th century, the hesitation about Colossians led to the rejection of Philemon by some critics as a pseudonymous little pamphlet on the slave question - an aberration of literary criticism (reproduced in Ency.
He saw that " the disobedience of 2 Torrey (Ency.
If the ephod was a loin-cloth, its use as a receptacle and the known evolution of the article find useful analogies (Foote, p. 43 sq., and Ency.
2 pp. 161, 450 sq.; Ency.
Bible, extra vol., p. 652 footnote), and Cheyne (Ency.
(together with Fairweather's art., "Development of Doctrine," in extra vol., pp. 2 95302) in Ency.
The reference to the Persians is obviously incorrect; the story, if it can be taken seriously at all, must refer to one of the sieges by the Assyrians or Chaldaeans, and, as Meyer suggests (Ency.
either descendant of, or from the same district as, Omri (see Hogg, Ency.
5, some MSS.), or of Aram or of Edom (see Cheyne, Ency.
138 or 139, he tells us that one Simon, a Samaritan, from a village called Gitta or Gittae (see Ency.
Before this calamity Abe, contained II IÃ‚° houses and 13,000 inhabitants; and its university had 40 professors, more than 500 students, and a library of upwards of 30,000 volumes, together with a botanical garden, an 1 The object of the story of the encounter is to explain the name Helkath-hazzurim, the meaning of which is doubtful (Ency.
(See also NUMISMATICS.) See articles in Ency.
" Ahasuerus " may no doubt stand, but very few of the rest (see NOldeke, Ency.
6 See the relevant articles in Ency.
ency was accentuated by the widespread unrest and excitement which followed upon the Balkan upheaval.
The word usage examples above have been gathered from various sources to reflect current and historial usage. They do not represent the opinions of YourDictionary.com.