How to use Electroscope in a sentence
The electroscope was used in conjunction with an oil lamp or gas flame.
The sign of the electrification imparted to the electroscope when so charged - that is, whether positive or negative - can be determined by rubbing the sealing-wax rod with flannel and the glass rod with silk, and approaching them gently to the electroscope one at a time.
If an insulated brass ball is touched against the first tray and then against the knob or plate of the electroscope, the gold leaves will diverge.
If the ball is discharged and touched against the other tray, and then afterwards against the previously charged electroscope, the leaves will collapse.
The next improvement was the invention of simple forms of repulsion electroscope.Advertisement
In the united by most analysts drug use can his electroscope becquerel.
Imagine trying to find a lost Radium needle on a rubbish dump with a gold leaf electroscope!
Because he lasted draft lists a gold leaf electroscope no indication of.
At small heights Exner (27) has employed captive balloons, provided with a burning fuse, and carrying a wire connected with an electroscope on the ground.
Le Sage proposed a similar method, in which each conductor was to be attached to a pith ball electroscope.Advertisement
The earliest form of scientific electroscope was the versorium or electrical needle of William Gilbert (1544- 1603), the celebrated author of the treatise De magnete (see Electricity).
Faraday, however, showed long subsequently that to bestow upon the indications of such an electroscope definite meaning 1 See the English translation by the Gilbert Club of Gilbert's De magnete, p. 49 (London, 1900).
In the case of conductors of the first class he proved by the use of the condensing electroscope, aided probably by some form of multiplier or doubler, that a difference of potential (see Electrostatics) was created by the mere contact of two such conductors, one of them being positively electrified and the other negatively.
The gold-leaf electroscope invented by Abraham Bennet (see Electroscope) can in like manner, by the addition of a scale to observe the divergence of the gold-leaves, be made a repulsion electrometer.
On the plate of a gold-leaf electroscope place a metal canister having a loose lid.Advertisement
It will be found that as it does so the gold-leaves of the electroscope diverge, but collapse again if the ball is withdrawn.
The uses of an electroscope are, first, to ascertain if any body is in a state of electrification, and secondly, to indicate the sign of that charge.
In connexion with the modern study of radioactivity, the electroscope has become an instrument of great usefulness, far outrivalling the spectroscope in sensibility.
Radio-active bodies are chiefly recognized by the power they possess of rendering the air in their neighbourhood conductive; hence the electroscope detects the presence of a radio-active body by losing an electric charge given to it more quickly than it would otherwise do.
A third great use of the electroscope is therefore to detect electric conductivity either in the air or in any other body.Advertisement
To detect electrification it is best to charge the electroscope by induction.
If an electrified body is held near the gold-leaf electroscope the leaves diverge with electricity of the same sign as that of the body being tested.
If, without removing the electrified body, the plate or knob of the electroscope is touched, the leaves collapse.
If the electroscope is insulated once more and the electrified body removed, the leaves again diverge with electricity of the opposite sign to that of the body being tested.
The sign of charge is then determined by holding near the electroscope a glass rod rubbed with silk or a sealingwax rod rubbed with flannel.Advertisement
Volta made use of such an electroscope in his celebrated experiments (1790-1800) to prove that metals placed in contact with one another are brought to different potentials, in other words to prove the existence of so-called contact electricity.
To employ the electroscope as a means of detecting radio-activity, we have first to test the leakage quality of the electroscope itself.
Formerly it was usual to insulate the rod of the electroscope by passing it through a hole in a cork or mass of sulphur fixed in the top of the glass vessel within which the gold leaves were suspended.
If a charge is given to the electroscope, and if any FIG.
The electroscope is provided with a charging rod C. In a dry atmosphere sulphur or amber is an early perfect insulator, and hence if the air in the interior of the box is kept dry by calcium chloride, the electroscope will hold its charge for a long time.
In the use of all these electroscopic instruments it is essential to bear in mind (as first pointed out by Lord Kelvin) that what a gold-leaf electroscope really indicates is the difference of potential between the gold-leaf and the solid walls enclosing the air space in which they move.'
It was then found that when the end plates of Volta's pile were connected to an electroscope the leaves diverged either with positive or negative electricity.
If whilst holding the ebonite sheet over the tray the latter is also touched with an insulated brass ball, then this ball when removed and tested with the electroscope will be found to be negatively electrified.
The leaves of the electroscope will diverge with positive electricity.