Le Blanc, Elements of Electrochemistry (Eng.
Transformations of electrical into chemical energy are witnessed in the processes of electrolysis (q.v.; see also Electrochemistry and Electrometallurgy).
His earliest work was mineralogical in character, but he soon turned his attention to the study of electricity and especially of electrochemistry.
Arrhenius, Text-Book of Electrochemistry (Eng.
Munroe Hopkins, Experimental Electrochemistry (London, 1905); Liiphe, Grundziige der Elektrochemie (Berlin, 1896).
Several journals are published specially to deal with physical chemistry, of which electrochemistry forms an important part.
The present article, as explained under Electrochemistry, treats only of those processes in which electricity is applied to the production of chemical reactions or molecular changes at furnace temperatures.
For further information the following books, in addition to those mentioned at the end of the article ELECTROCHEMISTRY, may be consulted: Borchers, Handbuch der Elektrochemie; Electric Furnaces (Eng.
Many patents have been taken out in this branch of electrochemistry, but it is to be remarked that that granted to C. Watt traversed the whole of the ground.
The general principles of electrical engineering will be found in Electricity Supply, and further details respecting the generation and use of electrical power are given in such articles as Dynamo; Motors, Electric; Transformers; Accumulator; Power Transmission: Electric; Traction; Lighting: Electric; Electrochemistry and Electrometallurgy.
The thrust of this work is to apply the well-established underlying principles of liquid and solid phase electrochemistry, to the gas phase.
equilibrium electrochemistry The above are all examples of electrolysis reactions, where an electron is forced in or out of the electrode.
Many organic compounds can be prepared by taking advantage of secondary actions at the electrodes, such as reduction by the cathodic hydrogen, or oxidation at the anode (see Electrochemistry).
Reference must be made to the textbooks (see Electrochemistry) for a fuller account of the very varied solutions and methods employed for electroplating with silver, gold, copper, iron and nickel.
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