The elders began talking about Bonaparte.
He'd known it would fail, but the elders of the Planetary Council had called in their last favor.
1 ° The elders were chosen by the people.
17, 28; "he sent and called for the elders of the church....
It is consistent with this view to argue the absolute parity of ministers and elders, conceding to all presbyters" equal right to teach, to rule, to administer the sacraments, to take part in the ordination of ministers, and to preside in church courts."The practice of the Presbyterian churches of the present day is in accord with the first-named theory.
The traditions of the elders were tested and gradually harmonized in their essentials.
Their peculiar business is expressed by the term" ruling elders."20 II.
The consistoire or session consisted of the minister, elders and deacons (the latter without a vote), and was over the congregation.
Here elders were appointed, and the preaching of women, as well as pretended revelations, was condemned.
In every classis or presbytery there were two elders to each minister..
Here they had their own lands, and some form of local government by elders, and appear to have been prosperous and contented; probably the only demand made on them by the Babylonian government was the payment of taxes.
The pastors were to preach, administer the sacraments, and in conjunction with the elders to exercise discipline.
The elders (Anciens, commis, ou deputez par la seigneurie on consistoire) were regarded as the essential part of the system.
The dispensing of this rite is strictly reserved to an ordained minister, who is assisted by elders in handing the bread and the cup to the people.
On questions of discipline elders and deacons might vote; on doctrinal questions only as many of these as there were ministers.
To form the consistory all the elders with the ministers were to meet every Sunday under the presidency of one of the syndics or magistrates.
After prayer the company constituted themselves into a church: chose Jean le Macon to be their minister, and others of their number to be elders and deacons.
The colloque or presbytery was composed of representative ministers and elders (anciens) from a group of congregations.
Up to 1565 the national synod consisted of a minister with one or two elders or deacons from every church; after that date, to avoid overcrowding, its numbers were restricted to representatives from each provincial synod.
The young are deferential to their elders.
First comes the order of presbyters or elders.
The tribe or mal (" mountain") is often composed of several clans (phis-i, phdrea)or baryaks (literally "standards") each under a chief or baryaktar (standard-bearer), who is, strictly speaking, a military leader; there are in each clan a certain number of elders or voivodes (Albanian kru-ye, pl.
PRESBYTERIANISM, a highly organized form of church government in which presbyters or elders occupy a prominent place.
The ecclesiastical unit in episcopacy is a diocese, comprising many churches and ruled by a prelate; in congregationalism it is a single church, self-governed and entirely independent of all others; in Presbyterianism it is a presbytery or council composed of ministers and elders representing all the churches within a specified district.
These are ecclesiastically of equal rank, though differentiated, according to their duties, as ministers who preach and administer the sacraments, and as elders who are associated with the ministers in the oversight of the people.
Just as in the synagogue there was a plurality of rulers called elders, so there was in every Christian church a plurality of elders.
The elders were different from the deacons, but there is no indication that any one elder was of higher rank than the others.
It is worthy of notice that there is no account at all of the first appointment of elders as there is of deacons.
Probably the recognition and appointment of elders was simply the transfer from the synagogue to the Church of a usage which was regarded as essential among Jews; and the Gentile churches naturally followed the example of the Jewish Christians.
13 The elders thus chosen by the people and inducted to their office by the Apostles acted as a church court.
But it shall not be so among you."From the foregoing outline it will be seen that Presbyterianism may be said to consist in the government of the Church by representative assemblies composed of the two classe s of presbyters, ministers and elders, and so p ?'
elders or bishops, are the highest permanent officers in the Church and are of equal rank; (3) that an outward and visible Church is one in the sense that a smaller part is controlled by a larger and all the parts by the whole.'9 Though Presbyterians are unanimous in adopting the general system of church polity as here outlined, and in claiming New 1 Phil.
When ministers and elders are associated in the membership of a church court their equality is admitted; no such idea as voting by orders is ever entertained.
Though it is the duty of a minister to warn against irreverent or profane participation in the Lord's Supper, he himself has no right to exclude any one from communion; that can only be done as the act of himself and the elders duly assembled in session.
The four orders mentioned in the Institutio are recognized: pastors, doctors, elders and deacons.
As a rule elders held office for only two years.
They therefore elect elders, who expound the Scriptures, baptize and hear confessions.
Jewesses were forced to eat pork and the elders were scourged in the theatre.
With the judges were associated a body of elders, who shared in the decision, but whose exact function is not yet clear.
The decision given was embodied in writing, sealed and witnessed by the judges, the elders, witnesses and a scribe.
i) Moses received on Mount Sinai not only the written Law as set down in the Pentateuch, but also the Oral Law, which he communicated personally to the 70 elders and through them by a "chain of tradition" to succeeding ages.
The synod is a provincial council which consists of the ministers and representative elders from all the congregations within a specified number of presbyteries, in the same way as the presbytery is representative of a specified number of congregations.
It Kirk= consists of the ministers and ruling elders.
5, 6: "ordain elders ...
In some other respects also a certain disparity is apparent between a minister and his elders.
They were spoken of as" the way."4 They took with them, into the new communities which they formed, the Jewish polity or rule and oversight by elders.
His system, while preserving the democratic theory by recognizing the congregation as holding the church power, was in practice strictly aristocratic inasmuch as the congregation is never allowed any direct use of power, which is invested in the whole body of elders.
It was felt to be a political necessity that he should return, and in 1541, somewhat reluctantly, he returned on his own terms. These were the recognition of the Church's spiritual independence, the division of the town into parishes, and the appointment (by the municipal authority) of a consistory or council of elders in each parish for the exercise of discipline.
In 1572 a formal manifesto was published, entitled an Admonition to Parliament, the leading ideas in which were: parity of ministers, appointment of elders and deacons; election of ministers by the congregation; objection to prescribed prayer and antiphonal chanting; preaching, the chief duty of a minister; and the power of the magistrates to root out superstition and idolatry.
English Puritans emigrated under the auspices of the Virginia Company to the Bermudas in 1612; and in 1617 a Presbyterian Church, governed by ministers and four elders, was established there by Lewis Hughes, who used the liturgy of the isles of Guernsey and Jersey.
Ministers and people with few exceptions - the most notable being the Scotch Highlanders who had settled in the valley of the Mohawk in New York and on Cape Fear river in North Carolina - sided with the patriot or Whig party: John Witherspoon was the only clergyman in the Continental Congress of 1776, and was otherwise a prominent leader; John Murray of the Presbytery of the Eastward was an eloquent leader in New England; and in the South the Scotch-Irish were the backbone of the American partisan forces, two of whose leaders, Daniel Morgan and Andrew Pickens, were Presbyterian elders.
14 it is ordained that, if any believer is sick, he shall call for the elders of the church; and they shall pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord; and the prayer of faith shall save him that is sick, and the Lord shall raise him up; and if he have committed sins, it shall be forgiven him.
The Presbyterian courts thus created are arranged in ascending order: (a) Kirk Session consists of the minister of the parish and the " ruling elders " (who are elected by the session).
The court consists of ministers and elders, elected from the presbyteries in specified proportions, and of commissioners from the four universities, the city of Edinburgh and the royal burghs.
The whole Assembly consists of 371 ministers and 333 elders.
The mosaic representing Christ surrounded by the four-and-twenty elders," which originally lined the cupola, had almost entirely perished by the 19th century, but was restored in 1882 from a copy made in the 17th century.
and so on, creates "magnified nonnatural men,".who presently made their appearance in ritual (for to think a thing the savage must dance it);; whereupon personal intercourse becomes possible between such a being and the tribesmen, the more so because the supporters of law and order, the elders, will wish to associate themselves as closely as possible with the supreme law-giver.
The last member of it, Simon the Just (either Simon I., who died about 300 B.C., or Simon II., who died about 200 B.C.), was the first of the next series, called Elders, represented in the tradition by pairs of teachers, ending with Hillel and Shammai about the beginning of the Christian era.
For this purpose they instituted a severe system of discipline, divided their members into three classes - the Perfect, the Proficient, and the Beginners, and appointed over each congregation a body of lay elders.
At the head of the Church was a body of ten elders, elected by the synod; this synod consisted of all the ministers, and acted as the supreme legislative authority; and the bishops ruled in their respective dioceses, and had a share in the general oversight.
There is also a standing court of appeal, known as Unity's Elders' Conference, and consisting of the Mission Board and four provincial boards.
The elders of these groups possessed some influence, and tended to form an aristocracy, which took the lead in social life, although their authority generally depended merely upon custom.
The church officers (generally unpaid) comprise bishops (or ministers), elders, teachers, deacons (or visiting brethren) and deaconesses - chiefly aged women who are permitted at times to take leading parts in church services.
The elders are the first or oldest teachers of congregations, for which there is no regular bishop. They have charge of the meetings of such congregations, and participate in excommunication proceedings, besides which they preach, exhort, baptize, and may, when needed, take the offices of the deacons.
Mahratta elders hence uttered predictions of military disaster which were in the end more than fulfilled.
Others, which were considered of fundamental importance, owe their position in modern economics and the form in which they are stated to the " tradition of the elders."
The various Monthly Meetings appoint Elders, or some body of Friends, to give advice of encouragement or restraint as may be needed, and, generally, to take the ministry under their care.
It is composed of representatives (inen and women) sent by the quarterly meetings, and of all recorded Ministers and Elders.
These officers hold, from time to time, meetings separate from the general assemblies of the members, but the special organization for many years known as the Meeting of Ministers and Elders, reconstituted in 1876 as the Meeting on Ministry and Oversight, came to an end in 1906-1907.
In 1666 Fox established Monthly Meetings; in 1727 elders were first appointed; in 1752 overseers were added; and in 1737 the right of children of Quakers to be considered as members was fully recognized.
Moses summons the elders of Israel and orders them to kill the Passover and besprinkle the lintel and sideposts with a bunch of hyssop dipped in blood so that the Lord will pass over the door.
i., the elders or sheikhs of the municipality and the priests of the temple are the most prominent figures.
ryepovaia, Doric ^yfpwia), the ancient council of elders at Sparta, corresponding in some of its functions to the Athenian Boule.
Other churches having historical associations are the two Greyfriars churches, which occupy the two halves of one building; Tron church, the scene of midnight hilarity at the new year; St Cuthbert's church; St Andrew's church in George Street, whence set out, on a memorable day in 1843, that long procession of ministers and elders to Tanfield Hall which ended in the founding of the Free Church; St George's church in Charlotte Square, a good example of the work of Robert Adam.
The parish church, effectively situated on an eminence by the side of the lake, was the scene of the ministration of the Rev. John Thomson (1778-1840), the landscape painter, who numbered Sir Walter Scott among his elders.
These are subdivided into pastors, who administer the word and sacraments, doctors, who teach and expound the Bible, elders pure and simple, who exercise rule and discipline.
episcopatus, the office of a bishop, episcopus), the general term technically applied to that system of church organization in which the chief ecclesiastical authority within a defined district, or diocese, is vested in a bishop. As such it is distinguished on the one hand from Presbyterianism, government by elders, and Congregationalism, in which the individual church or community of worshippers is autonomous, and on the other from Papalism.
It is among them so important whilst the Record in all its details is so far beyond the receptive capacity of the brain, that selection and guidance are employed by the elders in order to enable the younger generation to benefit to the utmost by the absorption (so to speak) in the limited span of a lifetime of the most valuable influences to be acquired from this prodigious envelope of Recorded Experience.
Being a Pharisee, he sometimes introduces traditions of the Elders, which are either inferences from, or embroideries of, the biblical narrative.
Finally, there are the village headmen, assisted in Upper Burma by elders, variously designated according to old custom.
Similarly in the towns, there are headmen of wards and elders of blocks.
The system under which in towns headmen of wards and elders of blocks are appointed is of comparatively recent origin, and is modelled on the village system.
The Ghibellines being unable to maintain their supremacy, the city came to be divided into two almost autonomous republics, the comune headed by the podestd, and the popolo headed by the capitano and militarily organized into twenty companies; the central power was represented by twelve anziani or elders.
The supreme chief's authority is limited by the advice of a council of elders, whom he is obliged to summon in certain emergencies.
Supported by the prophets, Zerubbabel and Joshua set about the work, and the elders of Judah built and the work went forward (Ezra v.
Instead of the consuls there were now twelve elders (anziani); besides the podesta, there was a captain of the people; and there was a general council as well as a senate of forty members.
Here, between Ebal and Gerizim, Joshua made his last speech to the elders of the Israelites (Jos.
But in his old age the elders demand a king, his sons are corrupt, a monarchy and a military leader are wanted (viii.
He is remarkable among them for the breadth, the richness, the substantial accomplishment of his touch; he has something of all these his elders, and goes farther along the road of technical perfection than any of them.
That it was a place of common resort is shown by Euripides (Medea, 68 f.), where it is said that the elders were to be found "near the august waters of Pirene, playing draughts (irEVVoi) ."
Then he beholds the Almighty on His throne surrounded by the four and twenty elders and the four living creatures.
Before Him all the elders and the living creatures fell down and acknowledged that He had power to open the seven seals thereof, and their song was re-echoed by every thing alike in heaven and earth.
(2) The elders are to go before the congregation in laying open the rule so far as reacheth any particular now to be considered, and to express their judgment and determination thereof, so far as appertains to themselves.
The Genevan town councils were quite ready to re-enact all the old police regulations common in that age in regard to excessive display, dancing, obscene songs, &c. It was arranged too that town government should listen to the " Consistory," made up of the " Elders," but the Small Council was to choose the members of the Consistory, two of whom should belong to the Small Council, four to the Council of Sixty, and six to the Council of Two Hundred.
yc,o f30vX1 7), named after the hill, is to be compared in origin and fundamental character with the council of chiefs or elders which we find among the earliest Germans, Celts, Romans, and other primitive peoples.
Under the kings of Athens it must have closely resembled the Boule of elders described by Homer; and there can be no doubt that it was the chief factor in the work of transforming the kingship into an aristocracy, in which it was to be supreme.
Balak, king of Moab, alarmed at the Israelite conquests, sends elders of Moab and Midian to Balaam, son of Beor, to the land of Ammon, to induce him to come and curse Israel.
2) is a short sacramental manual intended for the use of local elders or presbyters, though such are not named, for they were not yet a distinctive order or clergy.
28), the New Testament knows none in the local church superior to elders, the ruling order in Judaism also.
Each church at first had at its head not a single chief pastor, but a plurality of elders (= bishops) acting as a college.
a pastor (Francis Johnson), a teacher (Greenwood), two deacons and two elders.
Both equally teach the supremacy of " the whole church " in all discipline, including that upon elders or officers generally, if need arise.
Johnson, a man autocratic by nature, and leaning to his old Presbyterian ideals on the point, held that the church had no power to control its elders, once elected, in their exercise of discipline, much less to depose them; while Ainsworth, true to Barrow and the " old way " as he claimed, sided with those who made the church itself supreme throughout.
The fusion into one office of the functions of " elders " and " deacons " (still distinguished in the Savoy Declaration of 1658) was partly at least a symptom of the decay of the church-idea in its original fulness, a decay itself connected with the general decline in spiritual intensity which maiked 18th-century religion, after the overstrain of the preceding age.
The island was brought under the immediate administration of New South Wales; a chief magistrate, appointed by the governor of New South Wales, took the place of the elected magistrate, and an elected council of twelve elders superseded the general gathering of the adult population.
Thus the Oratorian Andrea Gallandi (1709-1779), in re-issuing Cotelier's collection in his Bibliotheca Veterum Patrum (1765-1781), included the fragments of Papias and the Epistle to Diognetus, to which recent editors have added the citations from the "Elders" of Papias's day found in Irenaeus, and, since 1883, the Didache.
The like is true also of the fragments of the Elders preserved in Irenaeus (so far as these do not really come from Papias).
Each muang is subdivided into ampurs under assistant commissioners, and these again are divided into village circles under headmen (kamnans), which circles comprise villages under the control of elders.
Ignatius bears witness to the presence in various Churches of Asia Minor of a single bishop in control, with whom are associated as his subordinates a number of elders and deacons.
But in the English Bible the presbyters of the New Testament are called " elders," not " priests "; the latter name is reserved for ministers of pre-Christian religions, the Semitic a '?"
Its descriptions of the worldliness and lawlessness which prevailed among the elders and pastors, i.e.
Lycurgus had ordained that the apella must simply accept or reject the proposals submitted to it, and though this regulation fell into neglect, it was practically restored by the law of Theopompus and Polydorus which empowered the kings and elders to set aside any "crooked" decision of the people (Plut.
In later times, too, the actual debate was almost, if not wholly, confined to the kings, elders, ephors and perhaps the other magistrates.
The apella voted on peace and war, treaties and foreign policy in general: it decided which of the kings should conduct a campaign and settled questions of disputed succession to the throne: it elected elders, ephors and other magistrates, emancipated helots and perhaps voted on legal proposals.
31) be added up, they will be found to amount to 410 years; to these must be added further, in order to gain the entire period from the Exodus to the foundation of the Temple, the 40 years in the wilderness, x years under Joshua and the elders (Judges ii.
jecturally to Joshua and the elders, and io years to Saul, would amount exactly to 480 years.
24, 27), the first year of Jehu in Israel coincides similarly with the first year of Athaliah in Judah: there are thus in the history of the two kingdoms two fixed and certain synchronisms. Now, 3 Namely, 40 years in the wilderness; Joshua and the elders (Judges ii.
the elders who receive a share in Moses' task also receive a share of his prophetic spirit (cf.
The address at Miletus is Paul's last word to the Christian elders of Ephesus, warning them against heresies (Acts xx.
This the elders of the tribe pick up or pretend to find, and carefully store up in a cleft of the hills or in a cave which no woman may approach.
At the head stood the teachers (" the sons of meekness," Mani himself and his successors); then follow the administrators (" the sons of knowledge," the bishops); then the elders (" the sons of understanding," the presbyters); the electi (" the sons of mystery"); and finally the auditores (" the sons of insight").
In ecclesiastical Latin nonnus was used by the younger members of a religious community for their elders, and so, in the regula of St Benedict, cap. 62, Juniores autem Priores suos nonnos vocant quod intelligitur paterna reverentia (Du Cange, Glossarium, s.v.
Each congregation had a plurality of elders, pastors or bishops, who were chosen according to what were believed to be the instructions of Paul, without regard to previous education or present occupation, and who enjoy a perfect equality in office.
If he refused, "then shall his brother's wife come unto him in the presence of the elders and loose his shoe from off his foot, and spit in his face, and shall answer and say, So shall it be done unto that man that will not build up his brother's house."
The parties appear before a court of three elders with two assessors.
From before the Conquest until the incorporation charter of 1604 Ripon was governed by a wakeman and 12 elders, or aldermen, but in 1604 the title of wakeman was changed to mayor, and 12 aldermen and 24 common councilmen were appointed.
St Paul, in his address to the elders at Ephesus (Acts xx.
In 635 he sent to the elders of the Scots for a bishop. On the arrival of Aidan in answer to this request he assigned to him the island of Lindisfarne as his see, near the royal city of Barnborough.
They were just and temperate in anger, the guardians of good faith, and the ministers of peace, obedient to their elders and to the majority.
Under them are village headmen or tso-piin, headmen or mi-pan, and elders or gyan-po.
This belonged to the elders.
Associated with the prince was a council of elders; such was the case at Gebal (Byblus) from the earliest times to the latest (Ezek.
This is the essence of the tradition preserved from "the elders of former days" by Clement of Alexandria (in Eus.
Their misconduct was made by the elders of Israel a pretext for demanding a king (I Sam.
The provincial synods are composed of ministers and elders deputed by the classes; and these are composed of the ministers belonging to the particular class and an equal number of elders appointed by the local sessions.
The office is, however, closely analogous to, and perhaps founded on, a similar office in the Jewish synagogue organization among the officials of which were the zekenim, or elders, sometimes identified with the archisynagogues.
On the other hand the officials of the Jerusalem church are always called "elders" and when they are first introduced (Acts xi.
"In some congregations," as Harnack says, "it may have been long before the elders were chosen, in others this may have come very soon; in some the sphere of the competency of the presbyters and patrons may have been quite indefinite and in others more precise."
If this possibility in regard to I Peter is granted, it is fatal to the theory, because at the time when the epistle was written official presbyters were so well established that abuse and degeneration had already begun to creep in and some of the elders were already guilty of "lording it over their heritage" and making a profit out of their office (I Pet.
It is difficult to see how Luke can have been wrong with regard to the "Ephesian elders" who came to meet Paul at Miletus since he was present on the occasion (xx.
If the Church at Jerusalem had any officials, it is highly probable that those officials bore the name and took over the functions of the elders of the synagogue.
23, that Paul and Barnabas appointed elders in the churches of South Galatia, is more open to objection perhaps, owing to the silence of the Epistle to the Galatians.
The officials were called by two names, "elders" and "bishops," the former denoting the office, the latter the function (exercising the oversight).
The sultan fled, and on the 21st of May a new sultan, chosen by the council of elders, was installed by the British high commissioner, after he had publicly accepted the conditions imposed by the British government.
There is evidence that the amount of stress on syllables, and the consequent length of vowels, varied greatly in spoken Coptic, and that the variation gave much trouble to the scribes; the early Christian writers must have taken as a model for each dialect the deliberate speech of grave elders or preachers, and so secured a uniform system of accentuation.
According to J, on the other hand, the spokesmen are to be Moses and the elders; and their request is for a temporary departure only, viz.
Moses and the elders ask leave to go three days' journey into the wilderness to sacrifice to Yahweh, a request which is met by an increase of the burdensome work of brick-making: henceforward the Israelites have to provide their own straw.
we learn that Moses and Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, and seventy of the elders were summoned to the top of the mountain, but that Moses alone was permitted to approach Yahweh.
We may prefer to imagine that among the homely stories told of him was one which had for its main object the inculcation of respect for one's elders.'
5) as having been left by Paul in Crete to "set in order the things that are wanting, and ordain elders in every city."
They sat at long tables, the elders read the words of institution and prayed, and passed a loaf round from which each broke off a bit and ate, the wine being handed round in flagons.
But in proportion to the fascination which he exercised upon the young was the distrust which he inspired in their less pliable elders.
In 246 B.C. Asoka is said 1 to have convened at Pataliputra (Patna) the third Buddhist council of one thousand elders (the tradition that he actually convened it rests on no actual evidence that we possess).
The regional commissioners and the political residents act either by means of the village headmen (Shum or Chicca), by the chiefs of districts in the few localities where villages are still organized in districts, or by the headmen of tribes, and by the councils of the elders wherever these remain.
In the Lauras the young monks lived a cenobitical life, but the elders a semi-eremitical one, each in his own hut within the precincts of the Laura, attending only the solemn church services.
The brethren in Antioch send Paul and Barnabas up to Jerusalem to ask the opinion of the apostles and elders: they state their case, and carry back the decision to Antioch.
The mixed type of government described by Homer - consisting of a king guided by a council of elders, and bringing all important resolutions before the assembly of the fighting men - does not seem to have been universal in Indo-European communities, but to have grown up in many different parts of the world under the stress of similar conditions.
The "elders" (*ovrES) of the Iliad are the same as the subordinate " kings "; they are summoned by Agamemnon to his tent, and form a small council of nine or ten persons.
In Troy we hear of elders of the people (577 1 .to-ypovms) who are with Priam, and are men past the military age.
So in Ithaca there are elders who have not gone to Troy with the army.
It would seem therefore that the meeting in Agamemnon's tent was only a copy or adaptation of the true constitutional " council of elders," which indeed was essentially unfitted for the purposes of military service.
Judicial functions are in the hands of the elders, who " have to do with suits " (Sucao'ir6Xot), and " uphold judgments " (Nyt6Tas Edpbarat).
The Fula, however, maintained the Yoruba system of government, which places the chief power in a council of elders.
They are then examined by the elders of the tribe, and if events have verified them, he is recognized as a supernaturally gifted being, and rewarded with chieftaincy.
We detect them in the Celtic church of St Patrick, and, as late as the 7th century, among the Celtic elders of the north of France.
It continued among the Albigenses and other dissident sects of the middle ages, among whom it served a double purpose; for their elders were thus not only able to prove their own chastity, but to elude the inquisitors, who were less inclined to suspect a man of the catharism which regarded marriage as the "greater adultery" (maius adulterium) if they found him cohabiting (in appearance at least) with a woman.
They were parish ministers and subject like their brethren to church courts; their added function was to plant churches, and place ministers, elders and deacons where required.
Elders are rulers; their function also is spiritual, though practical and disciplinary.
A book of canons and constitutions of the church which appeared in 1636, instead of being a digest of acts of assembly, was English in its ideas, dealt with matters of church furniture, exalted the bishops and ignored the kirk-session and elders.
Menzies was president, was formed after this event by ministers and elders who feared that the cause of free theological inquiry was in peril in the church.
A comparatively small section of the denomination maintain that a "plurality of elders" or pastors is required for the complete organization of every separate church.
Starting with "truth" contained in Scripture as the church's foundation, and the Word and Sacraments as means of building it up, it provides ministers and elders to be elected by the congregations, with a subordinate class of "readers," and by their means sermons and prayers each "Sunday" in every parish.
Within the satrapies the subject races~ and communities occupied a tolerably independent position; for instance, the Subject Jews, under their elders and priests, who were even Conimuii- able to convene a popular assembly in Jerusalem ties.
Within these, again, there might lie large town settlements whose internal affairs were controlled by the elders or the officials of the community: as, for instance, Babylon, Jerusalem, the Egyptian cities, Tarsus, Sardis and others.
Papias uses the term "the Elders," or Fathers of the Christian community, to describe the original witnesses to Christ's teaching, i.e.
They are as follows: (i.) The Calendar; (ii.) The names of the Faires of Scotland; (iii.) The Confession of Faith used at Geneva and received by the Church of Scotland; (iv.-vii.) Concerning the election and duties of Ministers, Elders and Deacons, and Superintendent; (viii.) An order of Ecclesiastical Discipline; (ix.) The Order of Excommunication and of Public Repentance; (x.) The Visitation of the Sick; (xi.) The Manner of Burial; (xii.) The Order of Public Worship - Forms of Confession and Prayer after Sermon; (xiii.) Other Public Prayers; (xiv.) The Administration of the Lord's Supper; (xv.) The Form of Marriage; (xvi.) The Order of Baptism; (xvii.) A Treatise on Fasting with the order thereof; (xviii.) The Psalms of David; (xix.) Conclusions or Doxologies; (xx.) Hymns - metrical versions of the Decalogue, Magnificat, Apostles' Creed, &c.; (xxi.) Calvin's Catechism; (xxii.
9 seq.) but a function of "the elders" (i Tim.
As to the lower instincts tending directly to self-preservation, it is acknowledged on all hands that man has them in a less developed state than other animals; in fact, the natural defencelessness of the human being, and the long-continued care and teaching of the young by the elders, are among the commonest themes of moral discourse.
The domestic and social affections, the kindly care of the young and the old, some acknowledgment of marital and parental obligation, the duty of mutual defence in the tribe, the authority of the elders, and general respect to traditional custom as the regulator of life and duty, are more or less well marked in every savage tribe which is not disorganized and falling to pieces.
And the assumption seems to be confirmed by the respectful attitude of certain " elders of the land " in xxvi.
The " princes," supported by certain " elders " and by " the people " (quick to change their leaders), succeeded in quashing the accusation and setting the prophet free.
- The "additions to Daniel" are three in number: Susannah and the Elders, Bel and the Dragon, and The Song of the Three Children.
The legend recounts how that in the early days of the Captivity Susannah, the beautiful and pious wife of the rich Joakim, was walking in her garden and was there seen by two elders who were also judges.
21-32 and found in the Talmud and Midrash - of two elders Ahab and Zedekiah, who in the Captivity led certain women astray under the delusion that they should thereby become the mother of the Messiah.
As Simon ben Shetah insisted on a rigorous examination of the witnesses, so does our writer: as he and his party required that the perjurer should suffer the same penalty he sought to inflict on another, so our writer represents the death penalty as inflicted on the perjured elders.
But he and his colleagues insisted, on the other hand, that for the proper maintenance of discipline, there should be a division of parishes - that excommunications should be permitted, and should be under the power of elders chosen by the council, in v.
His system of church polity was essentially theocratic; it assumed that every member of the state was also under the discipline of the church; and he asserted that the right of exercising this discipline was vested exclusively in the consistory or body of preachers and elders.
(I) Chap. xxvii., where the elders of Israel are introduced for the first time as acting along with Moses (xxvii.
Their judicial functions had at the time when Herodotus wrote (about 430 B.C.) been restricted to cases dealing with heiresses, adoptions and the public roads: civil cases were decided by the ephors, criminal jurisdiction had passed to the council of elders and the ephors.
Shortly after birth the child was brought before the elders of the tribe, who decided whether it was to be reared: if defective or weakly, it was exposed in the so-called Thus was secured, as far as could be, the maintenance of a high standard of physical efficiency, and thus from the earliest days of the Spartan the absolute claim of the state to his life and service was indicated and enforced.
They both abstain from meat and liquor, marry at the age of puberty, ordinarily celebrate their ceremonies through the agency of the elders of their own caste and bury their dead.
He was the first man to stand behind her ten years earlier when the title of Tiyan's warlord fell to her, when several elders in the kingdom objected to the title falling to a woman.
Abject humiliation followed the scene with the elders.
The hardworking Asians (and also the elders) do not want this aggravation.
bitter rivalry among the elders.
council of elders, Noggin's ship is sighted approaching the harbor.
An early dalliance with the Free Church ended abruptly over a dispute with one of the elders concerning evolution.
disagree with some propositions made about elders and protesting.
In the third phrase, the elders themselves ordained other elders (1 Timothy 4:14 ).
Always the ultimate responsibility for appointing elders was a part of the function of church leadership.
Marriages, initiated by elders, were arranged with the help of an ' aunt ' or the ' priest ' .
Paul could have said to these Ephesian elders: " I, or some other senior leader, made you overseers.
The book is punctuated with pictures of him engaging in shooting competitions with the tribal elders, dressed in full headgear.
All of the areas in the study had made attempts to develop specific services, particularly for Asian elders.
A good example is residential care for black and ethnic minority elders.
Clear service and care Pathways for south Asian elders and their informal elder carers living in the above three boroughs.
All of them refer to the twenty-four elders who appear to be unique representatives of the redeemed people of God from all ages.
The system directly implicated clan elders, family friends and the child's peers in the community.
Most of these are chosen by village elders, among whom the current headman has the most say.
elders of the tribe performing a ritual around a caldron with a yellow liquid which they ceremonially drink as they chant.
elders of a particular congregation final?
exemplify modes of behavior exemplified in the lives of the two elders has been persisting throughout the history of Buddhism.
exhorted to follow the pattern of lived faith of our elders.
goodly proportion are pensioners (senior citizens, wise elders, call them what you will ).
grotesque spectacle of African children aping their elders " playing at soldiers " .
hong bao, or " lucky money " in red envelopes, to elders and children.
initiated by elders, were arranged with the help of an ' aunt ' or the ' priest ' .
The moral default of our elders has made life intolerable for everyone.
jealous rivals, to witch hunters or insane elders; the night is fraught with peril even for the undead.
kirk session elders?
The man who kills a leopard will be greatly honored by the elders.
pastorate vacancy group will comprise only Elders.
plurality of elders.
Mission churches planted by presbytery have temporary elders appointed by presbytery including the church planter as its temporary minister.
ADDITIONAL ELDERS The presbytery noted that the total number of Additional Elders elected by the Presbytery is now 24.
The elders called the rabbi to dicuss what to do.
From jealous rivals, to witch hunters or insane elders; the night is fraught with peril even for the undead.
In their own churches they may have witnessed bitter rivalry among the elders.
tribal elders that a lie repeated often enough comes to be believed.
videotape the 1990s, in Greece, some JW Elders were actually arrested and convicted of secretly videotaping members and ex-members.
witch hunters or insane elders; the night is fraught with peril even for the undead.
Next follows (viii.-xi.) a detailed description, in the form of a vision, of the sin of Jerusalem: within the temple-area elders and others are worshipping beastforms, Tammuz and the sun (probably actual cults of the time); men approach to defile the temple and slay the inhabitants of the city (ix.).
2 The elders were appointed to teach and rule; 3 the deacons to minister to the poor.4 There were elders in the church at Jerusalem,' and in the church at Ephesus; 6 Paul and Barnabas appointed elders in the cities of Lycaonia and Pisidia; 7 Paul left Titus in Crete to appoint elders in every city; 8 the elders amongst the strangers scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia and Bithynia received a special exhortation by Peter.Ã‚° These elders were rulers, and the only rulers in the New Testament Church.
1 Ã‚° The elders were chosen by the people.
12 It is inferred that elders were similarly chosen.
According to this committee there are prevalent three distinct theories in regard to the office and function of ruling elders: I.
That while the New Testament recognizes but one order of presbyters there are in this order two degrees or classes, known as teaching elders and ruling elders.
In 1852 a change took place in its constitution., The eglises consistoriales were abolished, and in each parish a presbyterial council was appointed, the minister being president, with four to seven elders chosen by the people.
In 1576 William, with the support of Holland, Zeeland and their allies, put forth forty articles, by which doctors, elders and deacons were recognized, and church discipline given to the elders, subject to appeal to the magistrate and by which the Church was placed in absolute dependence on the state.
Agreements, declarations and non-contentious cases are usually witnessed by one judge and twelve elders.
Of B2eda, commonly called "the Venerable Bede," almost all that we know is contained in the short autobiographical notice which he has appended to his Ecclesiastical History: - " Thus much concerning the ecclesiastical history of Britain, and especially of the race of the English, I, Ba da, a servant of Christ and priest of the monastery of the blessed apostles St Peter and St Paul, which is at Wearmouth and at Jarrow, have with the Lord's help composed, so far as I could gather it, either from ancient documents, or from the tradition of the elders, or from my own knowledge.
ANTENOR, in Greek legend, one of the wisest of the Trojan elders and counsellors.
The important article is as follows:-- "The Censures so appointed by Christ, are Admonition and Excommunication; and whereas some offences are or may be known onely to some, it is appointed by Christ, that those to whom they are so known, do first admonish the offender in private: in publique offences where any sin, before all; or in case of non-amendment upon private admonition, the offence being related to the Church, and the offender not manifesting his repentance, he is to be duely admonished in the Name of Christ by the whole Church, by the Ministery of the Elders of the Church, and if this Censure prevail not for his repentance, then he is to be cast out by Excommunication with the consent of the Church."
Perhaps it was between 1567 and 1568 that they began to organize themselves more fully in conjunction with four or five of the suspended clergy, with elders and deacons of their own appointing (Grindal, Zurich Letters, lxxxii.; Remains, 1 Here in 1561 appeared A Confession of faith, made by common consent of divers reformed Churches beyond the seas; with an Exhortation to the Reformation of the Church.
In the Rule of St Benedict and other early rules the titles praepositus and praelatus (see Prelate) are generally used, but prior is also found signifying in a general way the superiors and elders in a monastery.
Young people, who would be expected to do the dying if another war came, are generally more determined to keep the peace than their elders.
As I see it, the grandchildren of those who would strap bombs on themselves today will not be rushing to imitate their elders.
Most of the guests, uncertain how to regard this sally, looked at the elders.
She sat down at the table and listened to the conversation between the elders and Nicholas, who had also come to the table.
When Denisov had come to Pokrovsk at the beginning of his operations and had as usual summoned the village elder and asked him what he knew about the French, the elder, as though shielding himself, had replied, as all village elders did, that he had neither seen nor heard anything of them.
Godly pastors, godly elders, godly leaders are needed as defenders and protectors of the purity of the doctrine of the church.
But Dr. Goebbels has taught us tribal elders that a lie repeated often enough comes to be believed.
Back in the 1990s, in Greece, some JW Elders were actually arrested and convicted of secretly videotaping members and ex-members.
Today's young adults are often flabbergasted by the morals and customs of their parents and especially their grandparents, and the elders share their amazement of how family values have evolved since 1960.
Ucko points out that in some groups the youth wear penis sheaths at a time in their lives when virility is alluring and the elders are freed from the responsibility of this signal.
Many caregivers turn to adult day centers to provide safe and therapeutic care, as well as socialization, for elders and ill loved ones.
If your church doesn't have a senior citizens' group, talk to a couple of your friends, the elders and/or deacons of your church, and other interested parties to see if you can get one started.
Since a number of seniors accumulate significant assets over time, estate planning for elders is an important consideration.
Life insurance is a basic part of estate planning for elders.
One option in estate planning for elders is the Dynasty Trust.
If we truly intend to respect our elders, we need to learn from them and understand their experiences.
Items can also be practical or just for fun; low income elders may appreciate practical items that are beyond the reach of their limited budgets.
They provide entertainment for sedentary elders and give a sense of accomplishment when they are completed.
But there is one mortal (isn't there always?) who can call back the Elders.
She is the matriarch of the Psycho Circus and calls upon 4 humans to collect the last remaining shards of the elders so she can bring back peace, if that's what you want to call it, to Earth.
As a new generation of young adults enter the world they are charged with an important task: to build upon what their elders have created, add what is needed, and trim what is not.
No variation is allowed unless it has been approved by village elders and other officials.
Young people wanted to reject the supposed wisdom of their elders, and everyone wanted to forget the horrors of war and embrace life.
Ask prominent couples and families - such as pastors or elders at your church - to host a dinner at their home.
The village elders, recognizing it for what it was, immediately burned the man and his evil wolf strap at the stake.
Since they're not as permanent as, say, pink and blue hair, your elders will love you for choosing them instead.
The town of Mystic Falls includes a council of town elders (comprised of founding family members) that are aware of vampires.
I also naturally enjoy the company of elders and always have.
Generally speaking, the eldest relatives host parties first in their role as leaders and elders.
He or she typically discovers something, or uncovers something, that makes the magical system of The Elders (or the Vanished Ones, or the Forgotten) available to them.
The ordination and induction of elders in some branches of the Church is the act of the kirk-session; in others it is the act of the presbytery.
The presbytery consists of all the ministers and a selection of the ruling elders from the congregations within a prescribed area.
gates, ministers and elders from every presbytery.
With the sanction and under the guidance of the Apostles, officers called elders and deacons were appointed in every newly-formed church.'
of teaching, administering the sacraments, visiting the flock pastorally, and taking oversight, with his fellow elders, of all the interests of the church.
The statistics of these and of sixteen others not formally in the alliance were 29,476 congregations, 26,251 ministers, 126,607 elders and 4,852,096 communicants.
June 1642, attended by five ministers and by ruling elders from the regimental sessions.
The word usage examples above have been gathered from various sources to reflect current and historial usage. They do not represent the opinions of YourDictionary.com.