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elasticity

elasticity

elasticity Sentence Examples

  • without elasticity of dimensions, it is also without known counterpart.

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  • But their most characteristic, though not perhaps their most general, property is that they combine in themselves the apparently incompatible properties of elasticity and rigidity on the one hand and plasticity on the other.

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  • Changes of elasticity are in all cases dependent, not only upon the field, but also upon the tension applied; and, owing to hysteresis, the results are not in general the same when the magnetization follows as when it precedes the application of stress; the latter is held to be the right order.

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  • He never recovered his elasticity of spirits, though he continued to occupy himself with his favourite pursuits, and to frequent the society of his brother philosophers.

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  • He never recovered his elasticity of spirits, though he continued to occupy himself with his favourite pursuits, and to frequent the society of his brother philosophers.

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  • When caoutchouc is heated slightly above the temperature of boiling water it becomes softer and loses much of its elasticity, which, however, it recoveres on cooling.

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  • The development of the rubber industry has now reached a stage at which more exact methods of determining the chemical composition and physical properties (strength and elasticity) of rubber are required.

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  • The timber is specially valued for furniture and cabinet work and for gunstocks, the beauty of its markings rendering it desirable for the first-named purpose, while its strength and elasticity fit it for the second.

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  • If we write K for the adiabatic elasticity, and k for the isothermal elasticity, we obtain S/s = ECÆF = K/k.

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  • The width of the gap may be diminished until it is no greater than the distance between two neighbouring molecules, when it will cease to be distinguishable, but, assuming the molecular theory of magnetism to be true, the above statement will still hold good for the intermolecular gap. The same pressure P will be exerted across any imaginary section of a magnetized rod, the stress being sustained by the intermolecular springs, whatever their physical nature may be, to which the elasticity of the metal is due.

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  • - The micas are characterized by a very easy cleavage in a single direction and by the high degree of flexibility, elasticity and toughness of the extremely thin cleavage flakes.

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  • Such an alloy can be cast like ordinary bronze, but excels the latter in hardness, elasticity, toughness and tensile strength.

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  • Most metals when molten are capable of dissolving at least small proportions of carbon, which, in general, leads to a deterioration in metallicity, except in the case of iron, which by the addition of small percentages of carbon gains in elasticity and tensile strength with little loss of plasticity.

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  • - The micas are characterized by a very easy cleavage in a single direction and by the high degree of flexibility, elasticity and toughness of the extremely thin cleavage flakes.

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  • Such an alloy can be cast like ordinary bronze, but excels the latter in hardness, elasticity, toughness and tensile strength.

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  • The keys which hold the rail in the chairs are usually of oak and are placed outside the rails; the inside position has also been employed, but has the disadvantage of detracting from the elasticity of the road since the weight of a passing train presses the rails up against a rigid mass of metal instead of against a slightly yielding block of wood.

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  • per metre, which, for practical purposes, Wertheim takes as giving the limit of elasticity; column 4 gives the breaking strain.

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  • To the foregoing may be added the following three additional propositions, so as to form a more complete expression of a physiognomical philosophy: (4) Certain muscles concerned in producing these skin-folds become strengthened by habitual action, and when the skin diminishes in elasticity and fulness with advancing age, the wrinkles at right angles to the course of the muscular fibres become permanent.

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  • It is clear that in the circumstances the terms "father," "patristic," "patrology" must be used with much elasticity, since it is now too late to substitute for them any more comprehensive terms.

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  • Possibly the advantages of specialism might be retained and yet the elasticity of supply be enhanced.

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  • For example, the physicist determines the density, elasticity, hardness, electrical and thermal conductivity, thermal expansion, &c.; the chemist, on the other hand, investigates changes in composition, such as may be effected by an electric current, by heat, or when two or more substances are mixed.

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  • This condition manifests itself, for example, in mine pillars which are subjected to a weight beyond the limit of elasticity of the mineral of which they are composed.

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  • Referring the reader to the article Elasticity for the theoretical and to the Strength Of Materials far the practical aspects of this subject, we give here a table of the "modulus of elasticity," E (column 2), for millimetre and kilogramme.

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  • The isothermal elasticity - v(dp/dv) is equal to the pressure p. The adiabatic elasticity is equal to y p, where -y is the ratio S/s of the specific heats.

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  • Let E be the bulk modulus of elasticity, defined as increase of pressure = decrease of volume per unit volume where the pressure increase is so small that this ratio is constant, w the small increase of pressure, and - (dy/dx) the volume decrease, then E=e/(- dy/dx) or w Æ= - dy/dx (I) This gives the relation between pressure excess and displacement.

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  • Possibly the advantages of specialism might be retained and yet the elasticity of supply be enhanced.

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  • They were normally drawn up in more open order than the heavy Greek phalanx, and possessed thereby a mobility and elasticity in which the latter was fatally deficient.

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  • If the rod is circular in section and perfectly uniform the end will describe a circle, ellipse or straight line; but, as the elasticity is usually not exactly the same in all directions, the figure usually changes and revolves.

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  • Strains exceeding the "limit of elasticity" result in permanent deformation or (if sufficiently great) in rupture.

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  • Other tests show variability in burning quality, elasticity of leaf, texture, taste, &c. The United States Department of Agriculture has closely investigated this important question and the results attained are brought together by Messrs H.

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  • The Latin Church, which, by combining the tradition of the Roman centralized organization with a great elasticity in practice and in the interpretation of doctrine, had hitherto been the moulding force of civilization in the West, is henceforth more or less in antagonism to that civilization, which advances in all its branches - in science, in literature, in art - to a greater or less degree outside of and in spite of her, until in its ultimate and most characteristic developments it falls under the formal condemnation of the pope, formulated in the famous Syllabus of 1864.

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  • Owing to the yielding of joints when a beam is first loaded a smaller modulus of elasticity should be taken than for a solid bar.

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  • Light is therefore an influence propagated as wave-motion, and moreover by transverse undulations, for the reasons brought out by Thomas Young and Augustin Fresnel; so that the aether is a medium which possesses elasticity of a type analogous to rigidity.

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  • A medusa has a layer of muscles, more or less strongly developed, running in a circular direction on the surface of the subumbrella, the contractions of which are antagonized by the elasticity of the gelatinous substance of the body.

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  • Owing to the yielding of joints when a beam is first loaded a smaller modulus of elasticity should be taken than for a solid bar.

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  • This movement is resisted by the torsional elasticity of the suspending wire, and hence a fixed indicating needle attached to the movable system can be made to indicate directly on a scale, the difference of potential between the terminals of the instrument in volts.

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  • The energy of this fork with a given amplitude of vibration could be calculated from its dimensions and elasticity, and the amplitude was observed by measuring with a microscope the line into which the image of a starch grain on the prong was drawn by the vibration.

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  • The following branches have especially felt his influence: - chemical physics, capillarity and viscosity, theory of gases, flow of liquids, photography, optics, colour vision, wave theory, electric and magnetic problems, electrical measurements, elasticity, sound and hydrodynamics.

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  • Its physical properties, permeability by water, extensibility and elasticity, receive their interpretation in the needs of the latter.

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  • These special qualities are its fineness, strength, elasticity and great natural twist, which combined enable it to make very fine, strong yarns, suited to the manufacture of the better qualities of hosiery, for mixing with silk and wool, for making lace, &c. It also mercerizes very well.

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  • An experiment by Ewing showed that by the operation of stretching an annealed iron wire beyond the limits of elasticity the permeability under a magnetizing force of about 3 units was reduced by as much as 75%.

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  • These are for the most part interesting rather from the point of view of elasticity than of sound.

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  • On being relieved from picket duty Rostov had managed to get a few hours' sleep before morning and felt cheerful, bold, and resolute, with elasticity of movement, faith in his good fortune, and generally in that state of mind which makes everything seem possible, pleasant, and easy.

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  • in the dead animal, and for its great elasticity and power of muscular contraction while living.

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  • Owing to the elasticity of the humerocarpal band the wing remains closed without any special muscular exertion, while, when the wing is extended, this band assists in keeping it taut.

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  • His contributions to the theories of Elasticity and of Waves rank high among modern developments of mathematical physics, although they are mere units among the 150 scientific papers attached to his name in the Royal Society's Catalogue.

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  • Owing to the elasticity of the humerocarpal band the wing remains closed without any special muscular exertion, while, when the wing is extended, this band assists in keeping it taut.

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  • His contributions to the theories of Elasticity and of Waves rank high among modern developments of mathematical physics, although they are mere units among the 150 scientific papers attached to his name in the Royal Society's Catalogue.

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  • An unfinished work, The History of the Theory of Elasticity, was edited and published posthumously in 1886 by Karl Pearson.

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  • Short fibre silks are still put through cards and treated like cotton; but the value of silk is in its lustre, elasticity and strength, which characteristics are obtained by keeping fibres as long as possible.

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  • Short fibre silks are still put through cards and treated like cotton; but the value of silk is in its lustre, elasticity and strength, which characteristics are obtained by keeping fibres as long as possible.

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  • One of the great evils of Italian agricultural taxation is its lack of elasticity and of adaptation to local conditions.

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  • Miscellaneous Effects of Magnetization: Electric Conductivity - Hall Effect - Electro-Thermal Relations - Thermoelectric Quality - Elasticity - Chemical and Voltaic Effects.

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  • The dimensions of a piece of iron, for example, its elasticity, its thermo-electric power and its electric conductivity are all changed under the influence of magnetism.

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  • Let E be the effective elasticity of the aether; then E = pc t, where p is its density, and c the velocity of light which is 3 X 10 10 cm./sec. If = A cos" (t - x/c) is the linear vibration, the stress is E dE/dx; and the total energy, which is twice the kinetic energy Zp(d/dt) 2 dx, is 2pn2A2 per cm., which is thus equal to 1.8 ergs as above.

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  • It thus appears that if the amplitude of vibration could be as much as 1 o_2 of the wave-length, the aether would be an excessively rare medium with very slight elasticity; and yet it would be capable of transmitting the supply of solar energy on which all terrestrial activity depends.

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  • The idea of MacCullagh's aether, and its property of purely rotational elasticity which had been expounded objectively by W.

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  • The foregoing experiments indeed, in some measure, decided this point, as much the greatest part of air let up into the tube lost its elasticity; yet, as some remained unabsorbed, it did not appear for certain whether that was of the same nature as the rest or not.

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  • But experience soon proved the superiority of the spider web; its perfection of shape, its lightness and elasticity, have led to its universal adoption.

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  • If y is the displacement at A, and if E is the elasticity, substituting for w and u from (2) and (3) we get X - Ed x d +pU2 But since the volume dx with density po has become volume dx+dy with density p p (d = po.

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  • It may be noted that the elasticity E is only constant for small volume changes or for small values of dy/dx.

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  • When a wave of sound travelling through one medium meets a second medium of a different kind, the vibrations of its own particles are communicated to the particles of the new medium, so that a wave is excited in the latter, and is propagated through it with a velocity dependent on the density and elasticity of the second medium, and therefore differing in general from the previous velocity.

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  • For concrete the coefficient of elasticity E varies with the amount of stress and diminishes as the ratio of sand and stone to cement increases.

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  • But experience soon proved the superiority of the spider web; its perfection of shape, its lightness and elasticity, have led to its universal adoption.

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  • In thiscase the ratio of the specific heats is constant as well as the difference, and the adiabatic equation takes the simple form, pv v = constant, which is at once obtained by integrating the equation for the adiabatic elasticity, - v(dp/dv) =yp.

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  • In thiscase the ratio of the specific heats is constant as well as the difference, and the adiabatic equation takes the simple form, pv v = constant, which is at once obtained by integrating the equation for the adiabatic elasticity, - v(dp/dv) =yp.

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  • The quadrate muscle adjusts the motion, and prevents pressure upon the optic nerve; during the state of relaxation of both muscles the nictitans withdraws through its own elasticity.

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  • These headings are: "Geometry and Kinematics of Particles and Solid Bodies"; "Principles of Rational Mechanics"; "Statics of Particles, Rigid Bodies, &c."; "Kinetics of Particles, Rigid Bodies, &c."; "General Analytical Mechanics"; "Statics and Dynamics of Fluids"; "Hydraulics and Fluid Resistances"; "Elasticity."

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  • For the subjects of this general heading see the articles Mechanics; Dynamics, Analytical; Gyroscope; Harmonic Analysis; Wave; HYDROMechanics; Elasticity; Motion, Laws Of; Energy; Energetics; Astronomy (Celestial Mechanics); Tide.

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  • Pure lead isa feebly lustrous bluishwhite metal, endowed with a characteristically high degree of softness and plasticity, and almost entirely devoid of elasticity.

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  • At such pressures all but the strongest rocks will be strained beyond their limit of elasticity.

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  • beyond theincreasing of elasticity.

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  • Henri Martin, the French historian, speaks of him as " of a mind altogether French in its grace and elasticity."

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  • But if y is the displacement at A, dy/dx is the extension at A, and the force acting is a pull across A equal to Y&uodyldx, where Y is Young's modulus of elasticity.

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  • Then the deviation y= DE of the neutral axis of the bent beam at any point D from the axis OX is given by the relation d 2 y Ml dx 2 = EI' where M is the bending moment and I the amount of inertia of the beam at D, and E is the coefficient of elasticity.

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  • (d) Hence, first inductively and then deductively, the third law was originally discovered only as a law of collision or impact between bodies of ascertained weights and therefore masses, impressing on one another equal and opposite changes of momentum, and always reducing one another to a joint mass with a common velocity to begin with, apart from the subsequent effects of elasticity.

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  • Nickel steel, which usually contains from 3 to 3.50% of nickel and about 0.25% of carbon, combines very great tensile strength and hardness, and a very high limit of elasticity, with great ductility.

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  • The combination of ductility, which lessens the tendency to break when overstrained or distorted, with a very high limit of elasticity, gives it great value for shafting, the merit of which is measured by its endurance of the repeated stresses to which its rotation exposes it whenever its alignment is not mathematically straight.

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  • Such an intermittently applied stress is far more destructive to iron than a continuous one, and even if it is only half that of the limit of elasticity, its indefinite repetition eventually causes rupture.

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  • In the fibrils existing in the cell a sudden alteration of elasticity occurs, resulting in an increased tension on the points of attachment of the cell to the neighbouring elements of the tissue in which the cell is placed.

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  • Metallic thallium is bluish white; it is extremely soft and almost devoid of tenacity and elasticity.

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  • A difference in calibre, elasticity or branching of a blood vessel, the smallest variation in a nerve or group of vessel-cells, any anatomical or physiological divergence, is reflected throughout the organism.

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  • The wood is very tough and strong, and superior to most wood in elasticity; and it weighs 40 to 55 lb per cub.

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  • In the form of plate it can be tempered and annealed till its elasticity and toughness are much increased, and it can then be formed into almost any shape under the hammer and punch.

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  • One of the most difficult problems with which the metal-worker who handles constructional forms has to deal is the maintenance of a due relation between absolute strength and a useful degree of elasticity.

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  • Only after many failures has the fact been grasped that a very high degree of strength is inconsistent with a trustworthy degree of elasticity.

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  • (12) Greater elasticity in the revenue collection, facilitating its adjustment to the variations of the seasons, and the circumstances of the people.

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  • His style is perfectly perspicuous, and its "strong home-touch" compensates for what is lacking in elasticity and grace.

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  • Statics of Inextensible Chains.The theory of bodies or structures which are deformable in their smallest parts belongs properly to elasticity.

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  • It is easily seen from (6) that if the configuration of a system of particles be altered by homogeneous strain (see ELASTICITY) the new position of the mass-centre will be at that point of the strained figure which corresponds to the original mass-centre.

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  • This appears to be the case very approximately with steel or glass balls; generally, however, there is some appreciable loss of apparent energy; this is accounted for by vibrations produced in the balls and imperfect elasticity of the materials.

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  • The further theoretical discussion of the subject belongs to ELASTICITY.

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  • ELASTICITY; HYDR0MEcHANICs).

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  • The effect of the pressures applied to a piece, consisting of the load and the sispporting resistances, is to force the piece into a state of strain or disfigurement, which increases until the elasticity, or resistance to strain, of the material causes it to exert a stress, or effort to recover its figure, equal and opposite to the system of applied pressures.

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  • Other forces besides gravity may be used as reciprocating forces for storing and restoring energyfor example, the elasticity of a spring or of a mass of air.

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  • The effects of impact are sometimes an alteration of the distribution of actual energy between the two bodies, and always a loss of a portion of that energy, depending on the imperfection of the elasticity of the bodies, in permanently altering their figures, and producing heat.

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  • Starting from an experiment, narrated by Priestley, in which John Warltire fired a mixture of common air and hydrogen by electricity, with the result that there was a diminution of volume and a deposition of moisture, Cavendish burnt about two parts of hydrogen with five of common air, and noticed that almost all the hydrogen and about one-fifth of the common air lost their elasticity and were condensed into a dew which lined the inside of the vessel employed.

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  • Legal compendiums and systems of philosophy served their age and gave place to later developments; and the elasticity of interpretation which characterizes it enabled it to outlive Karaites and Kabbalists.

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  • He found the language rough and halting, and he moulded it into perfect smoothness and elasticity.

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  • lightness and elasticity it is well adapted for the construction of yachts and other small fast-sailing craft, and is said to be the best of all wood for masts and large spars; its weight varies from 30 to 40 lb the cubic foot.

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  • So condensed and coarsened is the indwelling air-current of inorganic bodies that no trace of elasticity or life remains; it cannot even afford them the power of motion; all it can do is to hold them together Su va us), and, in technical language, Pneuma is present in stone or metal as a retaining principle (g t;ts=hold), explaining the attributes of continuity and numerical identity (rvvE X i) «al 1)vw J .zEva) which even these natural substances possess.

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  • We may regard it as a physical fact established by experiment in the same way as the laws of the elasticity of solid bodies.

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  • The experiments on solids lead to certain laws of elasticity expressed in terms of coefficients, the values of which can be determined only by experiments on each particular substance.

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  • We may therefore regard the theory of elasticity as consisting of two parts.

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  • The first part establishes the laws of the elasticity of a finite portion of the solid subjected to a homogeneous strain, and deduces from these laws the equations of the equilibrium and motion of a body subjected to any forces and displacements.

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  • The second part endeavours to deduce the facts of the elasticity of a finite portion of the substance from hypotheses as to the motion of its constituent molecules and the forces acting between them.

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  • The flexibility and elasticity of the kite formed by the natural wing are rendered necessary by the fact that the wing, as already stated, is practically hinged at its root and along its anterior margin, an arrangement which necessitates its several parts travelling at different degrees of speed, in proportion as they are removed from the axes of rotation.

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  • This begets a twisting diagonal movement of the wing on its long axis, which, but for the elasticity referred to, would break the wing into fragments.

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  • The elasticity contributes also to the continuous play of the wing, and ensures that no two parts of it shall reverse at exactly the same instant.

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  • When the screw is made to rotate, the blades, because of their elasticity, assume a great variety of angles, the angles being least where the speed of the blades is greatest and vice versa.

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  • 35) The peculiarity of Pettigrew's wings and screws consists in their elasticity, their twisting action, and their great comparative length and narrowness.

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  • A vertical movement having been communicated by means of india-rubber in a state of torsion to the roots of the wings, the wings themselves, in virtue of their elasticity, and because of the resistance experienced from the air, twisted and untwisted and formed reciprocating screws, precisely analogous to those originally described and figured by Pettigrew in 1867.

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  • Steel is generally used for columns in preference to cast iron, because it affords greater facility for securing satisfactory connexions, because its defects of quality or workmanship are more surely detected by careful test and inspection, and because, on account of its superior elasticity and ductility, its fibre is less liable to fracture from slight deformations.

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  • Dizziness and want of strength confined him to his room for some time, and, although after some weeks he partially recovered, his elasticity and powers were gone.

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  • is probable, however, that, all things considered, Materials random rubble in which the flattest side of each block of stone is dressed to a fairly uniform surface, so that it may be bedded as it were in a tray of mortar, secures the nearest approach to uniform elasticity.

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  • The extension of a spiral spring is given by the formula: Extension =W4n1VÆ r 4, in which W = weight causing extension, in lbs; n = number of coils; R = radius of spring, from centre of coil to centre of wire, in inches; r = radius of wire of which the spring is made, in inches; E = coefficient of elasticity of wire, in lbs per square inch.

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  • In practice the pulley rim is curved to a radius of from three to five times its breadth, and this not only guides the belt, but allows the line of direction of the advancing side to deviate to a small extent, depending on the elasticity of the material.

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  • His life was one of incessant eager questioning of nature on all sides, and his many and varied works all bear the stamp of a fresh and original genius, capable of stating and solving problems in all departments of science - at one time finding the true explanation of "ducks and drakes" (formerly attributed to the elasticity of water) and at another helping to lay the foundations of our modern vulcanology and meteorology.

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  • Its compressibility, elasticity and practical imperviousness to both air and water so fit it for this purpose that the term cork is even more applied to the function than to the substance.

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  • Fresnel obtained his formulae by assuming that the optical difference of media is due to a change in the effective density of the ether, the elasticity being the same - an assumption inconsistent with his theory of double refraction - and was led to the result that the vibrations are perpendicular to the plane of polarization.

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  • In deriving a period of 305 days the earth is regarded as an absolutely rigid body, and no account is taken either of its elasticity or of the mobility of the ocean.

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  • The walls of the cells are frequently absorbed, so that when the anther attains maturity the fibres are alone left, and these by their elasticity assist in discharging the pollen.

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  • 83), the mere elasticity of the filaments is sufficient to effect this; in other plants pollination is effected by the wind, as in most of our forest trees, grasses, &c., and in such cases enormous quantities of pollen are produced.

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  • It is impossible within brief limits to convey more than a general idea of the work of a philosopher who published more than three hundred original papers bearing upon nearly every branch of physical science; who one day was working out the mathematics of a vortex theory of matter on hydrodynamical principles or discovering the limitations of the capabilities of the vortex atom, on another was applying the theory of elasticity to tides in the solid earth, or was calculating the size of water molecules, and later was designing an electricity meter, a dynamo or a domestic water-tap. It is only by reference to his published papers that any approximate conception can be formed of his life's work; but the student who had read all these knew comparatively little of Lord Kelvin if he had not talked with him face to face.

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  • He was also the author of the articles on "Heat" and "Elasticity" in the 9th edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica.

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  • In elasticity, he originated the theory of stress, and his results are nearly as valuable as those of S.

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  • Is this because cast gold has a higher, or lower, modulus of elasticity compared to cobalt chromium?

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  • The loss of elasticity is caused by extensive formation and accumulation of collagen cross-links.

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  • demand elasticity, growth theory and basic numeracy) dry and sometimes difficult.

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  • elasticity evaluated at in general cshcn.

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  • It also contains silica, which can help restore elasticity to the body's tissues.

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  • The current work assumes linear elasticity which is a weak model for real soft tissue.

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  • The position of yet followed up in census data not significantindividual premium elasticity.

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  • Nonlinear elasticity seems to provide a good framework for modeling, and gives a good fit to data for spleen tissue.

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  • We will use our overall elasticity said the company.

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  • elasticity estimate for despite these horrific.

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  • Prowra was responsible planprice elasticity programs were quite the greater role.

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  • The income elasticity obtain coverage through of separate schip plans.

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  • price elasticity of parents are less are growing in number.

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  • Improves skin elasticity, assists in preventing scar tissue.

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  • You may choose one of our aromatic herbal oils to improve the skin's elasticity.

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  • elasticity of take-up of the report's.

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  • elasticity of demand based on earned.

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  • elasticity of substitution is.

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  • elasticity of an individuals skin will determine how moderate or dramatic the shape change can be.

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  • elasticity of the muscle.

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  • Approaches to overcome elasticity estimate for turn people compare individual health insurance quote down.

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  • rectangular hyperbola A demand curve that displays unitary elasticity along its length.

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  • The walls of the vagina have elasticity to facilitate intercourse and childbirth.

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  • modulus of elasticity of metals in crystal in different directions.

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  • Once the head is removed at slaughter, the elasticity of the ligamentum nuchae causes the neck of the carcass to curve dorsally.

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  • reticular fibers in tissues with some degree of elasticity, such as spleen, aorta and muscle.

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  • rhenium alloy that maintains a high modulus of elasticity even at high temperatures.

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  • Improves skin elasticity, assists in preventing scar tissue.

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  • singularitythe method to compressible and incompressible linear elasticity problems, including problems with stress singularities.

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  • The target group tau xsubi stands ie without distinguishing elasticity of outcome.

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  • trends in noncitizens ' not significantindividual premium elasticity.

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  • As these families composition of our a small elasticity v and ellberger.

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  • in the dead animal, and for its great elasticity and power of muscular contraction while living.

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  • The following branches have especially felt his influence: - chemical physics, capillarity and viscosity, theory of gases, flow of liquids, photography, optics, colour vision, wave theory, electric and magnetic problems, electrical measurements, elasticity, sound and hydrodynamics.

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  • One of the great evils of Italian agricultural taxation is its lack of elasticity and of adaptation to local conditions.

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  • Its physical properties, permeability by water, extensibility and elasticity, receive their interpretation in the needs of the latter.

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  • The remark may conveniently find its place here that plants which have reached a high degree of adaptive specialization have come to the end of their tether: a too complicated adjustment has deprived them of the elasticity which would enable them to adapt themselves to any further change in their surroundings, and they would pass away with conditions with which they are too inextricably bound up. Vast floras have doubtless thus found their grave in geologic change.

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  • The quadrate muscle adjusts the motion, and prevents pressure upon the optic nerve; during the state of relaxation of both muscles the nictitans withdraws through its own elasticity.

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  • It is clear that in the circumstances the terms "father," "patristic," "patrology" must be used with much elasticity, since it is now too late to substitute for them any more comprehensive terms.

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  • The keys which hold the rail in the chairs are usually of oak and are placed outside the rails; the inside position has also been employed, but has the disadvantage of detracting from the elasticity of the road since the weight of a passing train presses the rails up against a rigid mass of metal instead of against a slightly yielding block of wood.

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  • These special qualities are its fineness, strength, elasticity and great natural twist, which combined enable it to make very fine, strong yarns, suited to the manufacture of the better qualities of hosiery, for mixing with silk and wool, for making lace, &c. It also mercerizes very well.

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  • (1) Greater elasticity of supply might be caused.

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  • For example, the physicist determines the density, elasticity, hardness, electrical and thermal conductivity, thermal expansion, &c.; the chemist, on the other hand, investigates changes in composition, such as may be effected by an electric current, by heat, or when two or more substances are mixed.

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  • They were normally drawn up in more open order than the heavy Greek phalanx, and possessed thereby a mobility and elasticity in which the latter was fatally deficient.

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  • These headings are: "Geometry and Kinematics of Particles and Solid Bodies"; "Principles of Rational Mechanics"; "Statics of Particles, Rigid Bodies, &c."; "Kinetics of Particles, Rigid Bodies, &c."; "General Analytical Mechanics"; "Statics and Dynamics of Fluids"; "Hydraulics and Fluid Resistances"; "Elasticity."

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  • For the subjects of this general heading see the articles Mechanics; Dynamics, Analytical; Gyroscope; Harmonic Analysis; Wave; HYDROMechanics; Elasticity; Motion, Laws Of; Energy; Energetics; Astronomy (Celestial Mechanics); Tide.

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  • The development of the rubber industry has now reached a stage at which more exact methods of determining the chemical composition and physical properties (strength and elasticity) of rubber are required.

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  • When caoutchouc is heated slightly above the temperature of boiling water it becomes softer and loses much of its elasticity, which, however, it recoveres on cooling.

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  • Pure lead isa feebly lustrous bluishwhite metal, endowed with a characteristically high degree of softness and plasticity, and almost entirely devoid of elasticity.

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  • Miscellaneous Effects of Magnetization: Electric Conductivity - Hall Effect - Electro-Thermal Relations - Thermoelectric Quality - Elasticity - Chemical and Voltaic Effects.

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  • The dimensions of a piece of iron, for example, its elasticity, its thermo-electric power and its electric conductivity are all changed under the influence of magnetism.

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  • An experiment by Ewing showed that by the operation of stretching an annealed iron wire beyond the limits of elasticity the permeability under a magnetizing force of about 3 units was reduced by as much as 75%.

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  • The width of the gap may be diminished until it is no greater than the distance between two neighbouring molecules, when it will cease to be distinguishable, but, assuming the molecular theory of magnetism to be true, the above statement will still hold good for the intermolecular gap. The same pressure P will be exerted across any imaginary section of a magnetized rod, the stress being sustained by the intermolecular springs, whatever their physical nature may be, to which the elasticity of the metal is due.

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  • Changes of elasticity are in all cases dependent, not only upon the field, but also upon the tension applied; and, owing to hysteresis, the results are not in general the same when the magnetization follows as when it precedes the application of stress; the latter is held to be the right order.

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  • His removal of the considerable discrepancy between the actual and Newtonian velocities of sound,' by taking into account the increase of elasticity due to the heat of compression, would alone have sufficed to illustrate a lesser name.

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  • This condition manifests itself, for example, in mine pillars which are subjected to a weight beyond the limit of elasticity of the mineral of which they are composed.

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  • At such pressures all but the strongest rocks will be strained beyond their limit of elasticity.

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  • beyond theincreasing of elasticity.

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  • But their most characteristic, though not perhaps their most general, property is that they combine in themselves the apparently incompatible properties of elasticity and rigidity on the one hand and plasticity on the other.

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  • If it contains a few parts of carbon per thousand, the annealing process, instead of softening the metal, gives it a "temper," meaning a higher degree of hardness and elasticity (see below).

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  • Strains exceeding the "limit of elasticity" result in permanent deformation or (if sufficiently great) in rupture.

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  • Referring the reader to the article Elasticity for the theoretical and to the Strength Of Materials far the practical aspects of this subject, we give here a table of the "modulus of elasticity," E (column 2), for millimetre and kilogramme.

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  • per metre, which, for practical purposes, Wertheim takes as giving the limit of elasticity; column 4 gives the breaking strain.

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  • Most metals when molten are capable of dissolving at least small proportions of carbon, which, in general, leads to a deterioration in metallicity, except in the case of iron, which by the addition of small percentages of carbon gains in elasticity and tensile strength with little loss of plasticity (see Iron).

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  • On another physical assumption of constant cubical elasticity A, dp = Ad p /P, (p - po)IA= lo g (P/Po), (18) dp _ A dp (I 1 zd p dz - P ' A Po-p -z, I - p -k, A kPo ' (19) (3) P dx Pdy Pdz -., (I) When the density p is f un dp/ iform, this becomes, as before in (2) § 9 P pp ==Pzz++pao constant.

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  • Other tests show variability in burning quality, elasticity of leaf, texture, taste, &c. The United States Department of Agriculture has closely investigated this important question and the results attained are brought together by Messrs H.

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  • The timber is specially valued for furniture and cabinet work and for gunstocks, the beauty of its markings rendering it desirable for the first-named purpose, while its strength and elasticity fit it for the second.

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  • The government had not elasticity enough to adapt itself to so profound a change in its ancient traditions; the finances became more and more hopelessly embarrassed, in spite of ruinous taxation; and attempts at European innovations in the court and army made matters only worse, so long as no attempt was made to improve Muhammad VI.

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  • without elasticity of dimensions, it is also without known counterpart.

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  • If we write K for the adiabatic elasticity, and k for the isothermal elasticity, we obtain S/s = ECÆF = K/k.

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  • The isothermal elasticity - v(dp/dv) is equal to the pressure p. The adiabatic elasticity is equal to y p, where -y is the ratio S/s of the specific heats.

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  • Henri Martin, the French historian, speaks of him as " of a mind altogether French in its grace and elasticity."

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  • An unfinished work, The History of the Theory of Elasticity, was edited and published posthumously in 1886 by Karl Pearson.

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  • Let E be the bulk modulus of elasticity, defined as increase of pressure = decrease of volume per unit volume where the pressure increase is so small that this ratio is constant, w the small increase of pressure, and - (dy/dx) the volume decrease, then E=e/(- dy/dx) or w Æ= - dy/dx (I) This gives the relation between pressure excess and displacement.

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  • If y is the displacement at A, and if E is the elasticity, substituting for w and u from (2) and (3) we get X - Ed x d +pU2 But since the volume dx with density po has become volume dx+dy with density p p (d = po.

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  • It may be noted that the elasticity E is only constant for small volume changes or for small values of dy/dx.

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  • When a wave of sound travelling through one medium meets a second medium of a different kind, the vibrations of its own particles are communicated to the particles of the new medium, so that a wave is excited in the latter, and is propagated through it with a velocity dependent on the density and elasticity of the second medium, and therefore differing in general from the previous velocity.

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  • If the rod is circular in section and perfectly uniform the end will describe a circle, ellipse or straight line; but, as the elasticity is usually not exactly the same in all directions, the figure usually changes and revolves.

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  • The energy of this fork with a given amplitude of vibration could be calculated from its dimensions and elasticity, and the amplitude was observed by measuring with a microscope the line into which the image of a starch grain on the prong was drawn by the vibration.

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  • But if y is the displacement at A, dy/dx is the extension at A, and the force acting is a pull across A equal to Y&uodyldx, where Y is Young's modulus of elasticity.

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  • These are for the most part interesting rather from the point of view of elasticity than of sound.

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  • If the two materials are disposed symmetrically, the amount of load carried by each would be in direct proportion to the coefficient of elasticity and inversely as the moment of inertia of the cross section.

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  • For concrete the coefficient of elasticity E varies with the amount of stress and diminishes as the ratio of sand and stone to cement increases.

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  • Then the deviation y= DE of the neutral axis of the bent beam at any point D from the axis OX is given by the relation d 2 y Ml dx 2 = EI' where M is the bending moment and I the amount of inertia of the beam at D, and E is the coefficient of elasticity.

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  • Light is therefore an influence propagated as wave-motion, and moreover by transverse undulations, for the reasons brought out by Thomas Young and Augustin Fresnel; so that the aether is a medium which possesses elasticity of a type analogous to rigidity.

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  • Let E be the effective elasticity of the aether; then E = pc t, where p is its density, and c the velocity of light which is 3 X 10 10 cm./sec. If = A cos" (t - x/c) is the linear vibration, the stress is E dE/dx; and the total energy, which is twice the kinetic energy Zp(d/dt) 2 dx, is 2pn2A2 per cm., which is thus equal to 1.8 ergs as above.

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  • It thus appears that if the amplitude of vibration could be as much as 1 o_2 of the wave-length, the aether would be an excessively rare medium with very slight elasticity; and yet it would be capable of transmitting the supply of solar energy on which all terrestrial activity depends.

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  • The idea of MacCullagh's aether, and its property of purely rotational elasticity which had been expounded objectively by W.

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  • The Latin Church, which, by combining the tradition of the Roman centralized organization with a great elasticity in practice and in the interpretation of doctrine, had hitherto been the moulding force of civilization in the West, is henceforth more or less in antagonism to that civilization, which advances in all its branches - in science, in literature, in art - to a greater or less degree outside of and in spite of her, until in its ultimate and most characteristic developments it falls under the formal condemnation of the pope, formulated in the famous Syllabus of 1864.

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  • Lommel, Lord Rayleigh, Georg Wilhelm Struve); the theory of elasticity (A.

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  • A medusa has a layer of muscles, more or less strongly developed, running in a circular direction on the surface of the subumbrella, the contractions of which are antagonized by the elasticity of the gelatinous substance of the body.

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  • This movement is resisted by the torsional elasticity of the suspending wire, and hence a fixed indicating needle attached to the movable system can be made to indicate directly on a scale, the difference of potential between the terminals of the instrument in volts.

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  • These letters were issued in compliance with the second recommendation (1906) of the Royal Commission on Ecclesiastical Discipline, viz.: that " Letters of business should be issued to the Convocations with instructions: (a) to consider the preparation of a new rubric regulating the ornaments (that is to say, the vesture) of the ministers of the church, at the times of their ministrations, with a view to its enactment by parliament; and (b) to frame, with a view to their enactment of parliament, such modifications in the existing law relating to the conduct of Divine Service, and to the ornaments and fittings of churches as may tend to secure the greater elasticity which a reasonable recognition of the comprehensiveness of the Church of England and of its present needs seems to demand."

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  • (d) Hence, first inductively and then deductively, the third law was originally discovered only as a law of collision or impact between bodies of ascertained weights and therefore masses, impressing on one another equal and opposite changes of momentum, and always reducing one another to a joint mass with a common velocity to begin with, apart from the subsequent effects of elasticity.

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  • The foregoing experiments indeed, in some measure, decided this point, as much the greatest part of air let up into the tube lost its elasticity; yet, as some remained unabsorbed, it did not appear for certain whether that was of the same nature as the rest or not.

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  • To the foregoing may be added the following three additional propositions, so as to form a more complete expression of a physiognomical philosophy: (4) Certain muscles concerned in producing these skin-folds become strengthened by habitual action, and when the skin diminishes in elasticity and fulness with advancing age, the wrinkles at right angles to the course of the muscular fibres become permanent.

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  • Troostite and Sorbite, indeed, seem to be chiefly very finely divided mixtures of ferrite and cementite, and it is probably because of this fineness that sorbitic steel has its remarkable combination of strength and elasticity with ductility which fits it for resisting severe vibratory and other dynamic stresses, such as those to which rails and shafting are exposed.

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  • Nickel steel, which usually contains from 3 to 3.50% of nickel and about 0.25% of carbon, combines very great tensile strength and hardness, and a very high limit of elasticity, with great ductility.

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  • The combination of ductility, which lessens the tendency to break when overstrained or distorted, with a very high limit of elasticity, gives it great value for shafting, the merit of which is measured by its endurance of the repeated stresses to which its rotation exposes it whenever its alignment is not mathematically straight.

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  • Such an intermittently applied stress is far more destructive to iron than a continuous one, and even if it is only half that of the limit of elasticity, its indefinite repetition eventually causes rupture.

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  • In the fibrils existing in the cell a sudden alteration of elasticity occurs, resulting in an increased tension on the points of attachment of the cell to the neighbouring elements of the tissue in which the cell is placed.

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  • Metallic thallium is bluish white; it is extremely soft and almost devoid of tenacity and elasticity.

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  • A difference in calibre, elasticity or branching of a blood vessel, the smallest variation in a nerve or group of vessel-cells, any anatomical or physiological divergence, is reflected throughout the organism.

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  • The wood is very tough and strong, and superior to most wood in elasticity; and it weighs 40 to 55 lb per cub.

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  • In the form of plate it can be tempered and annealed till its elasticity and toughness are much increased, and it can then be formed into almost any shape under the hammer and punch.

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  • One of the most difficult problems with which the metal-worker who handles constructional forms has to deal is the maintenance of a due relation between absolute strength and a useful degree of elasticity.

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  • Only after many failures has the fact been grasped that a very high degree of strength is inconsistent with a trustworthy degree of elasticity.

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  • (12) Greater elasticity in the revenue collection, facilitating its adjustment to the variations of the seasons, and the circumstances of the people.

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  • His style is perfectly perspicuous, and its "strong home-touch" compensates for what is lacking in elasticity and grace.

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  • Statics of Inextensible Chains.The theory of bodies or structures which are deformable in their smallest parts belongs properly to elasticity.

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  • It is easily seen from (6) that if the configuration of a system of particles be altered by homogeneous strain (see ELASTICITY) the new position of the mass-centre will be at that point of the strained figure which corresponds to the original mass-centre.

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  • This appears to be the case very approximately with steel or glass balls; generally, however, there is some appreciable loss of apparent energy; this is accounted for by vibrations produced in the balls and imperfect elasticity of the materials.

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  • The further theoretical discussion of the subject belongs to ELASTICITY.

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  • ELASTICITY; HYDR0MEcHANICs).

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  • The effect of the pressures applied to a piece, consisting of the load and the sispporting resistances, is to force the piece into a state of strain or disfigurement, which increases until the elasticity, or resistance to strain, of the material causes it to exert a stress, or effort to recover its figure, equal and opposite to the system of applied pressures.

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  • Other forces besides gravity may be used as reciprocating forces for storing and restoring energyfor example, the elasticity of a spring or of a mass of air.

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  • The effects of impact are sometimes an alteration of the distribution of actual energy between the two bodies, and always a loss of a portion of that energy, depending on the imperfection of the elasticity of the bodies, in permanently altering their figures, and producing heat.

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  • Starting from an experiment, narrated by Priestley, in which John Warltire fired a mixture of common air and hydrogen by electricity, with the result that there was a diminution of volume and a deposition of moisture, Cavendish burnt about two parts of hydrogen with five of common air, and noticed that almost all the hydrogen and about one-fifth of the common air lost their elasticity and were condensed into a dew which lined the inside of the vessel employed.

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  • Legal compendiums and systems of philosophy served their age and gave place to later developments; and the elasticity of interpretation which characterizes it enabled it to outlive Karaites and Kabbalists.

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  • He found the language rough and halting, and he moulded it into perfect smoothness and elasticity.

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  • lightness and elasticity it is well adapted for the construction of yachts and other small fast-sailing craft, and is said to be the best of all wood for masts and large spars; its weight varies from 30 to 40 lb the cubic foot.

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  • same, though the greater elasticity of the civil jurisprudence allows fewer opportunities for the escape of malefactors, notably in cases of fraud or falsity in any form, than exist under the law of England.

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  • So condensed and coarsened is the indwelling air-current of inorganic bodies that no trace of elasticity or life remains; it cannot even afford them the power of motion; all it can do is to hold them together Su va us), and, in technical language, Pneuma is present in stone or metal as a retaining principle (g t;ts=hold), explaining the attributes of continuity and numerical identity (rvvE X i) «al 1)vw J .zEva) which even these natural substances possess.

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  • We may regard it as a physical fact established by experiment in the same way as the laws of the elasticity of solid bodies.

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  • The experiments on solids lead to certain laws of elasticity expressed in terms of coefficients, the values of which can be determined only by experiments on each particular substance.

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  • We may therefore regard the theory of elasticity as consisting of two parts.

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  • The first part establishes the laws of the elasticity of a finite portion of the solid subjected to a homogeneous strain, and deduces from these laws the equations of the equilibrium and motion of a body subjected to any forces and displacements.

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  • The second part endeavours to deduce the facts of the elasticity of a finite portion of the substance from hypotheses as to the motion of its constituent molecules and the forces acting between them.

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  • The flexibility and elasticity of the kite formed by the natural wing are rendered necessary by the fact that the wing, as already stated, is practically hinged at its root and along its anterior margin, an arrangement which necessitates its several parts travelling at different degrees of speed, in proportion as they are removed from the axes of rotation.

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  • This begets a twisting diagonal movement of the wing on its long axis, which, but for the elasticity referred to, would break the wing into fragments.

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  • The elasticity contributes also to the continuous play of the wing, and ensures that no two parts of it shall reverse at exactly the same instant.

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  • When the screw is made to rotate, the blades, because of their elasticity, assume a great variety of angles, the angles being least where the speed of the blades is greatest and vice versa.

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  • 35) The peculiarity of Pettigrew's wings and screws consists in their elasticity, their twisting action, and their great comparative length and narrowness.

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  • A vertical movement having been communicated by means of india-rubber in a state of torsion to the roots of the wings, the wings themselves, in virtue of their elasticity, and because of the resistance experienced from the air, twisted and untwisted and formed reciprocating screws, precisely analogous to those originally described and figured by Pettigrew in 1867.

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  • Steel is generally used for columns in preference to cast iron, because it affords greater facility for securing satisfactory connexions, because its defects of quality or workmanship are more surely detected by careful test and inspection, and because, on account of its superior elasticity and ductility, its fibre is less liable to fracture from slight deformations.

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  • Dizziness and want of strength confined him to his room for some time, and, although after some weeks he partially recovered, his elasticity and powers were gone.

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  • In portions of the structure liable to important changes of pressure from the rise, and fall of the water and subject to the additional stresses which expansion and contraction by changes of temperature and of moisture induce, and in view of the great difficulty of securing that the average modulus of elasticity in all parts of the structure shall be approximately the same, it is probably desirable to limit the calculated load upon any external work, even of the best kind, to 15 or 20 tons per sq.

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  • is probable, however, that, all things considered, Materials random rubble in which the flattest side of each block of stone is dressed to a fairly uniform surface, so that it may be bedded as it were in a tray of mortar, secures the nearest approach to uniform elasticity.

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  • The extension of a spiral spring is given by the formula: Extension =W4n1VÆ r 4, in which W = weight causing extension, in lbs; n = number of coils; R = radius of spring, from centre of coil to centre of wire, in inches; r = radius of wire of which the spring is made, in inches; E = coefficient of elasticity of wire, in lbs per square inch.

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  • In practice the pulley rim is curved to a radius of from three to five times its breadth, and this not only guides the belt, but allows the line of direction of the advancing side to deviate to a small extent, depending on the elasticity of the material.

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  • His life was one of incessant eager questioning of nature on all sides, and his many and varied works all bear the stamp of a fresh and original genius, capable of stating and solving problems in all departments of science - at one time finding the true explanation of "ducks and drakes" (formerly attributed to the elasticity of water) and at another helping to lay the foundations of our modern vulcanology and meteorology.

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  • Its compressibility, elasticity and practical imperviousness to both air and water so fit it for this purpose that the term cork is even more applied to the function than to the substance.

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  • Fresnel obtained his formulae by assuming that the optical difference of media is due to a change in the effective density of the ether, the elasticity being the same - an assumption inconsistent with his theory of double refraction - and was led to the result that the vibrations are perpendicular to the plane of polarization.

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  • In deriving a period of 305 days the earth is regarded as an absolutely rigid body, and no account is taken either of its elasticity or of the mobility of the ocean.

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  • The walls of the cells are frequently absorbed, so that when the anther attains maturity the fibres are alone left, and these by their elasticity assist in discharging the pollen.

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  • 83), the mere elasticity of the filaments is sufficient to effect this; in other plants pollination is effected by the wind, as in most of our forest trees, grasses, &c., and in such cases enormous quantities of pollen are produced.

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  • It is impossible within brief limits to convey more than a general idea of the work of a philosopher who published more than three hundred original papers bearing upon nearly every branch of physical science; who one day was working out the mathematics of a vortex theory of matter on hydrodynamical principles or discovering the limitations of the capabilities of the vortex atom, on another was applying the theory of elasticity to tides in the solid earth, or was calculating the size of water molecules, and later was designing an electricity meter, a dynamo or a domestic water-tap. It is only by reference to his published papers that any approximate conception can be formed of his life's work; but the student who had read all these knew comparatively little of Lord Kelvin if he had not talked with him face to face.

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  • He was also the author of the articles on "Heat" and "Elasticity" in the 9th edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica.

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  • In elasticity, he originated the theory of stress, and his results are nearly as valuable as those of S.

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  • No wonder man has lost his elasticity.

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  • Type III collagen forms reticular fibers in tissues with some degree of elasticity, such as spleen, aorta and muscle.

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  • The posts are made of a molybdenum- rhenium alloy that maintains a high modulus of elasticity even at high temperatures.

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  • We apply the method to compressible and incompressible linear elasticity problems, including problems with stress singularities.

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  • The target group tau xsubi stands ie without distinguishing elasticity of outcome.

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  • Us-born single mothers policy change trends in noncitizens ' not significantindividual premium elasticity.

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  • As these families composition of our a small elasticity v and ellberger.

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  • Breast tissue is sensitive, and the constant impact induced by bouncing can damage the elasticity of the breasts.

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  • Quality leather has the following features: good elasticity, thermal insulation, water resistance/permeability, and shape retention.

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  • It's best to use waterproof sheets with memory foam, as water and other liquids can damage the foam and cause it to lose its elasticity.

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  • Look for materials that are lightweight, can move and drape softly, and have a slight give or elasticity rather than crispness or tightly woven structure.

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  • After five years old, the uterus begins to loose its elasticity and the pelvic bones have a difficult time dilating.

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  • After this age, the uterus begins to lose its elasticity, and pregnancies can present greater chances for complication.

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  • After five years old, the uterus begins to loose its elasticity and the pelvic bones have a difficult time dilating.

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  • Jojoba is known for its healing benefits as well as its ability to help skin retain moisture and improve elasticity.

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  • Jasmine Body Lotion - Soft yet strong, this eight-ounce body lotion contains Oat Betaglucan for irritated skin and vitamins A and E for elasticity.

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  • Spandex is another breathable synthetic material that is commonly used for active wear because of its remarkable elasticity and lightweight composition.

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  • Besides fitting larger-sized feet, these socks also have greater elasticity around the calf and ankles.

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  • The elasticity and form molding characteristics of Lastex brought about other garments like the girdle, which not only held up stockings but also flattened the stomach.

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  • Collagen is a strong, fibrous protein that lends strength and elasticity to connective tissues such as the skin, tendons, organ walls, cartilage, and blood vessels.

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  • Surfactant-A protective film secreted by the alveoli in the lungs that reduces the surface tension of lung fluids, allowing gas exchange and helping maintain the elasticity of lung tissue.

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  • Surfactant-A protective film secreted by the alveoli in the lungs that reduces the surface tension of lung fluids, allowing gas exchange and helping maintain the elasticity of lung tissue.

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  • Since straightening your hair removes elasticity from the hair shafts, the straighter your hair is, the more fragile it will become.

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  • Why do many people lose their hair elasticity after a perm?

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  • Elasticity Belly Oil contains vitamin E, collagen hydrolysates, and gotu kola extract to help the skin become more elastic.

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  • The Elasticity Belly Oil and the Anti-Chloasma Sunscreen are packaged together in an attractive kit.

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  • Product-rating web sites are full of testimonials about the Elasticity Belly Oil, but there are some disappointed customers, too.

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  • The fabric blends used should be of the highest quality, and able to endure repeated exposure to sun, chlorine, and laundering without fading, pilling, or losing their elasticity.

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  • Their superior Lycra blends resist the effects of chlorine, so suits retain their elasticity longer and don't fade as quickly.

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  • In many cases, the external fabric fades and lose its elasticity, and as this occurs, the suit becomes see-through.

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  • Essential skin vitamins can also boost skin's elasticity and structure, helping minimize the signs of aging, and many vitamins can even help protect against damage from too much sun, pollution, or other environmental factors.

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  • Vitamin A: Vitamin A (both retinol and beta carotene) helps keep skin properly moisturized and can reduce the appearance of lines and wrinkles because it boosts skin's natural elasticity.

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  • Niacin put in a cream form may improve skin elasticity, tone, and texture and repair damage from the sun.

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  • While breads and cakes require a certain elasticity that is hard to duplicate without wheat, pie crust can be crumbly and flaky and still absolutely delicious.

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  • It is often added to baked goods in the form of "vital wheat gluten" because the protein helps to increase the viscosity and elasticity of dough.

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  • The fatty nature of almonds helps create a bounce in a bread or cake that can almost replicate the elasticity of glutinous breads.

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  • They feature the company's trademarked MELFLEX material, which is designed to improve the shoe's elasticity and increase its longevity.

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  • Testing criteria include stitch strength, elasticity and pressure resistance.

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  • Lastly, the lower back area is not usually affected by changes of body weight, skin elasticity, etc., making it an ideal area for a tattoo inked with the intention of being long-lasting and fade proof.

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  • This involves developing muscles and increasing their elasticity.

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  • It has less elasticity, so any mistakes you make with your stitches are likely to be very visible.

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  • Wool has some "give" and elasticity, while cotton doesn't.

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  • Cotton doesn't have much elasticity, so while it's not as stretchy as wool, this is actually better for the structure of certain hats.

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  • This lack of elasticity means that cotton isn't as forgiving.

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  • It has less elasticity, so any mistakes you make with your stitches are likely to be very visible.

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  • Fish oil raises elasticity in blood vessels which results in improved blood flow while exercising.

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  • How much the breasts sag depends upon the elasticity of your skin, which is determined by diet, genetics and the normal aging process.

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  • A gradual warm up gradually increases the elasticity of the muscle fibers so that they are better able to handle the increased stress of exercise.

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  • Without this increased elasticity, muscles are more prone to tearing, as are important connective tissues like ligaments and tendons.

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  • Breasts naturally lose volume and elasticity as you age, whether you wear a bra or not.

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  • Ligaments have little to no elasticity, so if they're stretched they won't just snap back into shape.

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  • They lose elasticity, the fabric stretches, and the stitching starts to come undone.

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  • Bras should be replaced every six months to a year, as they their elasticity after some time or may shrink due to washing.

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  • Meryl micro fiber allows for greater elasticity, lighter weight and a silkier hand.

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  • Buying quality panties saves money over time and provides the best return on wardrobe dollars because ill-fitting, low-quality underpants lose their elasticity quickly due to repeated washings.

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  • Lycra - Also referred to as Spandex, Lycra offers some elasticity while still providing support.

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  • Dry skin is tight feeling and may lack elasticity.

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  • Collagen helps skin keep its elasticity and 'young' look.

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  • This company offers a range of vitamin and mineral supplements formulated to increase skin elasticity, manage weight, and improve skin health.

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  • The shape of a person's forehead and brow line depends on the elasticity of facial skin and the underlying muscles and bone.

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  • Skin loses elasticity as it ages, contributing to the sagging, wrinkling, and drooping that make a person look older.

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  • It is elastin-rich, a quality which maintains the skin's elasticity, vitality and youthfulness.

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  • This antioxidant also improves the skin's firmness and elasticity.

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  • It also prevents your body from producing new collagen, which is a necessary component for elasticity in your skin.

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  • Most wrinkle creams are packed with specific ingredients that are recognized for their ability to stimulate collagen production, encourage elasticity and keep the skin moist and smooth.

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  • As we age, skin loses its natural elasticity which helps to keep the skin and the pores tight.

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  • Hydra Firming Cream locks in moisture, encourages firmness and rebuilds elasticity.

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  • While the quality of a facial complexion can vary based on genetics, hormones, and several other environmental factors, lifestyle plays one of the most important roles in preserving the elasticity and smoothness of the skin.

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  • Striae occur when your skin grows quickly and the skin's elasticity does not match the growth.

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  • Pulsed dye lasers stimulate the collagen in skin thereby improving elasticity.

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  • As you age, skin loses elasticity and vital natural chemicals.

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  • No smoking: Smoke from cigarettes and cigars can dramatically reduce your skin's elasticity and damage the blood vessels in your skin.

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  • Creams and supplements may be beneficial in healing skin damage (particularly due to sun exposure) and improving elasticity.

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  • Pores enlarge when skin loses overall elasticity.

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  • Collagen Moisture Filler Day/Night Cream instantly restores the skin's elasticity.

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  • Daily Treatment Serum Concentrate improves skin's elasticity from within, erases fine lines, and evens skin tone.

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