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el

el Sentence Examples

  • El Wad >>

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  • Moratin's crowning triumph in original comedy was El Si las Ninas (1806), which was performed night after night to crowded.

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  • corner of the present Mosque el Aksa meets the accounts of the ancient authorities better than any other.

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  • The man sitting at the other end of the table was introduced to them as Morino el capataz - their foreman, Morino.

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  • for "king of righteousness"; or, since Sedek is probably the name of a god, "Sedek is my king"),1 king of Salem and priest of "supreme El" (El 'elyon), in the Bible.

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  • The prose comedy, El Café ó la comedic nueva, given at the same theatre six years afterwards, at once became popular.

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  • In 1803 he produced El BarOn in its present form; originally written (1791) as a zarzuela, it was shamelessly plagiarized by Andres de Mendoza, but the recast, a far more brilliant work, still keeps the stage.

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  • In 1812 his Escuela de los maridos, a translation of Moliere's Ecole des maris, was produced at Madrid, and in 1813 El Medico a Palos (a translation of Le Medecin malgre lui) at Barcelona.

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  • In 1764 Moratin published a collection of pieces, chiefly lyrical, under the title of El Poeta, and in 1765 a short didactic poem on the chase (Diana 0 arte de la caza).

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  • distant, and two short lines run to neighbouring villages, one to Petare and Santa Lucia, and the other to El Valle.

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  • A wooden mosque was erected near the site of the Temple, which was replaced by the Mosque of Aksa, built by the amir Abdalmalik (Abd el Malek), who also constructed the Dome of the Rock, known as the Mosque of Omar, in 688.

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  • Carnero, Historia de las guerras civiles que ha avido en los estados de Flandres des del anno 1559 hasta el de 1609, y las Archduke already in course of formation, and not even the Matthias.

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  • It has been sometimes misspelt "Tapacolo," as by C. Darwin, who gave (Journal of Researches, chap. xii.) a brief but entertaining account of the habits of this bird and its relative, Hylactes megapodius, called by the Chilenos "El Turco."

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  • He suggested an international congress on the question; inspired a pamphlet, Le Pape el le Con grs, which proposed a reduction of the papal territory, and wrote to the pope advising him to cede Romagna in order to obtain better guarantees for the rest of his dominions.

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  • Normally the medusae are liberated in quite an immature state; they swim away, feed, grow and become adult mature el individuals.

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  • Cordylus of el, Endoderm lamella.

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  • The titles of these juvenile performances, which were played by amateurs, were Salga por donde saliere, Me voy a Sevilla and La Corona y el Punal.

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  • In 1854 he produced Rioja, perhaps the most admired and the most admirable of all his works, and from 18J4 to 1856 he took an active part in the political campaign carried on in the journal El Padre Cobos.

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  • A zarzuela, entitled Guerta a muerte, for which Emilio Arrieta composed the music, belongs to 1855, and to the same collaboration is due El Agente de Matrimonios.

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  • Meanwhile, however divided in opinion as to his political conduct, his countrymen were practically unanimous in admiring his dramatic work; and his reputation, if it gained little by El Nuevo Don Juan, was greatly increased by El Tanto por Ciento and El Tejado de Vidrio.

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  • And it may be fairly claimed for him that in El Tejado de Vidrio and El Tanto por Ciento he displays a very exceptional combination of satiric intention with romantic inspiration.

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  • In 1490 had happened the case of El Santo nino de la Guardia - a child supposed to have been killed by the Jews.

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  • Herodotus describes the festival of Bubastis, which was attended by thousands from all parts of Egypt and was a very riotous affair; it has its modern equivalent in the Moslem festival of the sheikh Said el Badawi at Tanta.

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  • From this point downward, and to some extent above this as far as Samawa, the river forms a succession of reedy lagoons of the most hopeless character, the Paludes Chaldaici of antiquity, el Batihat of the Arabs.

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  • Bauza, La Domination Espanola en el Uruguay (Montevideo, 1880); F.

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  • The northern part, where the two Niles approach nearer one another, is also known as El Gezira, i.e.

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  • At Deir el Bahri we see that the animal had its throat cut in Mahommedan fashion; it lay on its side, the legs tied together; the heart was taken out, then the liver; the burnt sacrifice was hardly known.

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  • Penrose, Account of the last Expedition to Port Egmont in the Falkland Islands (1775); Observations on the Forcible Occupation of Malvinas by the British Government in 1833 (Buenos Ayres, 1833); Reclamacion del Gobierno de las provincias Unidas de la Plata contra el de S.

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  • The great influence exercised by Babylonian culture over Palestine between 2000 and 1400 B.C. (circa), which has been clearly revealed to us since 1887 by the discovery of the Tell el Amarna tablets, is now universally acknowledged.

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  • The subsequent discovery of a document written in Babylonian cuneiform at Lachish (Tell el Hesy), and more recently still of another in the excavations at Ta`annek, have established the fact beyond all dispute.

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  • But I appeared to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob as El Shaddai and by my name Yahweh I did not make myself known to them."

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  • The process of transference was facilitated by two potent causes: (a) Both Canaanite and Hebrew spoke a common language; (b) the name Baal is not in reality an individual proper name like Kemosh (Chemosh), Ramman or Hadad, but is, like El (Ilu)" god," an appellative meaning " lord," " owner " or " husband."

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  • c1tuf el) D E ° ' ?

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  • Finally, in the treaty of San Lorenzo el Real (ratified 1796) she accepted the 1763 (31°) boundary, and withdrew her troops in 1798.

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  • When the Sudan War broke out, Baker, hastening with 3 500 men to relieve Tokar, encountered the enemy under Osman Digna at El Teb.

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  • Baker Pasha accompanied the British force, and guided it in its march to the scene of his defeat, and at the desperately-fought second battle of El Teb he was wounded.

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  • (C. EL.)/n==Authorities== - The modern bibliography of Asia, including the works of travellers and explorers since 1880, is voluminous.

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  • el, Oviduct.

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  • On the Arab invasion this work was in great danger of perishing at the hands of the iconclastic caliph Omar and his generals, but it was fortunately preserved; and we find it in the 2nd century of the Hegira being paraphrased in Arabic by Abdallah ibn el Mokaffa, a learned Persian who had embraced Islam.

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  • Parker in the Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, Journal asiatique, Revue numismatique, Asiatic Quarterly, &c. (C. EL.) EPI, the French architectural term for a light finial, generally of metal, but sometimes of terra-cotta, e forming the termination of a spire or the angle of a roof.

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  • He showed courage on the field of battle, both in Italy and Spain, during the War of the Spanish Succession, and was flattered by his courtiers with the title of El Animoso, or the spirited.

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  • They appealed to the old Norse instinct for wandering - an instinct which, as it had long before sent the Norseman eastward to find his El Dorado of Micklegarth, could now find a natural outlet in the expedition to Jerusalem: they appealed to the Norman religiosity, which had made them a people of pilgrims, the allies of the papacy, and, in England and Sicily, crusaders before the Crusades: finally, they appealed to that desire to gain fresh territory, upon which Malaterra remarks as characteristic of Norman princes.

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  • The Pliocene deposits are not very widely spread and are generally of fresh-water origin excepting near the coast, but marine Pliocene beds have been found at el Forklus in the Palmyra desert.

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  • Besides the local Baal there were " the god of heaven" (El) and other deities; human sacrifices as a means of propitiating the divine wrath were not uncommon.

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  • Rodrigo Diaz, called de Bivar, from the place of his birth, better known by the title given him by the Arabs as the Cid (El Seid, the lord), and El Campeador, the champion par excellence, was of a noble family, one of whose members in a former generation had been elected judge of Castile.

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  • His true place in history is that of the greatest of the guerrilleros - the perfect type of that sort of warrior in which, from the days of Viriathus to those of Juan Diaz, El Empecinado, the soil of Spain has been most productive.

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  • Its Arabic title is Kitab ul'Ibar, wa diwan el Mubtada wa'l Khabar, fi ayyamul`Arab wa'l`Ajam wa'l Berber; that is, "The Book of Examples and the Collection of Origins and Information respecting the History of the Arabs, Foreigners and Berbers."

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  • EL TEB, a halting-place in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan near the coast of the Red Sea, 9 m.

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  • 16 as Eliada, showing that El ' Cf.

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  • ALPHONSO X., El Sabio, or the learned (1252-1284), is perhaps the most interesting, though he was far from being the most capable, of the Spanish kings of the middle ages.

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  • on El Yunque Peak in the northeast corner, traverses the island from west to east and descends abruptly to the sea at each end.

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  • The average annual rainfall on the north-east coast, at the foot of El Yunque Mountain, is 120 in.

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  • The mosque of el Azhar, "the splendid," was begun about A.D.

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  • 970 by Jauhar, the general of the Fatimite Caliph Moizz, who captured Fostat and founded el Kahira, the present town of Cairo.

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  • l5 Baron Oppenheim's excavations at Tell Halaf have resulted in the recovery of reliefs of barbaric style, simulating the Syro-Hittite, from the palace of a local king, Kapara, of about the same period as Sinjirli and Sakchegozii (Toth-9th centuries B.C.), and pottery of all ages, going back to the chalcolithic period.ls The neolithic and chalcolithic pottery of Mesopotamia and Persia is one of the chief archaeological discoveries of late years in the Near East, and attention has recently been directed to it again by the important finds at Abu Shahrein (the ancient Eridu) and Tell el `Obeid, near Ur.

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  • C. Thompson in 1918 17 and by Hall in 1919, and at El `Obeid by Hall in the latter year," have shown us that the painted ware of Susa and Musyan, discovered by de Morgan was not confined to Persia, but was the ordinary pottery of Babylonia in the prehistoric (chalcolithic) period.

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  • and his son found at Hierakonpolis by Quibell with the copper lions discovered at Tell el `Obeid near Ur by Hall two years ago.

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  • In Egypt the succession to the work of the Deutsch-Orient Gesellschaft, which excavated Babylon and Assur, has fallen to the Egypt Exploration Society, which has taken up the excavation at Tell el Amarna where it was laid down by the Germans at the outbreak of war, after they had recovered from the houseruins several wonderfully fine examples of the art of the period of Akhenaton, now in Berlin.

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  • At Thebes, New York has also carried out work at Qurnet Murra`i and Sheikh `Abd el Qurna, as well as at Dra t Abul Neqqa and Deir el Bahri, 55 where the Earl of Carnarvon, assisted by Mr. Howard Carter, has also dug with remarkable success, recovering some of the most beautiful relics of the art of the XII.

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  • dynasty, with interesting sculptures of Neb-hepet Re (the king whose tomb temple at Deir el Bahri was excavated by Naville and Hall for the Egypt Exploration Fund in 1903-7) has been found,.

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  • Masudi, who saw the maps in the Horismos or Rasm el Ard, a description of which was engraved for King Roger of Sicily upon a silver plate, or the rectangular map in 70 sheets which accompanies his geography (Nushat-ul Mushtat) take rank with Ptolemy's work.

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  • - Idrisi (1154) the world by Abu Jafar Mahommed ben Musa of Khiva, the librarian of the caliph el Mamun (833), declares them to be superior to the maps of Ptolemy or Marinus, but maps of a later date by Istakhri (950) or Ibn al Wardi (1349) are certainly of a most rudimentary type.

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  • Mahmud Bey el Fallaki, Mimoire sur l'antique Alexandrie (1872); T.

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  • This resulted in the dismissal of Suliman Niazi and the appointment of Hicks as commander-in-chief of an expeditionary force to Kordofan with orders to crush the mandi, who in January 1883 had captured El Obeid, the capital of that province.

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  • Manganese is mined mainly near La Maya and El Cristo in Oriente.

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  • Coleccion de informes, memorias, proyectos y antecedentes sobre el gobierno de la isla de Cuba (Madrid, 1875); Vicente Vasquez Queipo, Informe fiscal sobre fomento de la poblacion blanca (Madrid, 1845); Informacion sobre reformas en Cuba y Puerto Rico celebrada en Madrid en 1866 y 67 por los representantes de ambas islas (2 tom., New York, 1867; 2nd ed., New York, 1877); and the Diccionario of Pezuela.

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  • Galiano, Cuba en 1858 (Madrid, 1859); Jose de la Concha, twice Captain-General of Cuba, Memorias sobre el estado politico, gobierno y administracion de.

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  • Cabrera, Cuba y sus Jueces (Havana, 1887; 9th ed., Philadelphia, 1895; 8th ed., in English, Cuba and the Cubans, Philadelphia, 1896); P. de Alzola y Minondo, El Problema Cubano (Bilbao, 1898); various works by R.

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  • 1878-1893 (Philadelphia, 1894); Labra et al., El Problema colonial contempordnea (2 vols., Madrid, 1894) articles by Em.

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  • Thus e1Xe1 = el, e 2 Xe 2 = - e l, e i X e 2 =e 2 X e 1 =e 2.

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  • EL DORADO (Span.

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  • Among the most famous were the expedition undertaken by Diego de Ordaz, whose lieutenant Martinez claimed to have been rescued from shipwreck, conveyed inland, and entertained at Omoa by "El Dorado" himself (1531); and the journeys of Orellana (1540-1541), who passed down the Rio Napo to the valley of the Amazon; that of Philip von Hutten (1541-1545), who led an exploring party from Coro on the coast of Caracas; and of Gonzalo Ximenes de Quesada (1569), who started from Santa Fe de Bogota.

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  • Meanwhile the name of El Dorado came to be used metaphorically of any place where wealth could be rapidly acquired.

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  • Bandelier, The Gilded Man, El Dorado (New York, 1893).

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  • Towards Egypt the frontier is a line drawn from Akaba at the head of the Gulf of Akaba north-westwards to the little port of El Arish on the Mediterranean.

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  • The Mosque of the Vizier, on the eastern side of the Tigris, near the pontoon bridge, has a fine dome and a lofty minaret, and the Great Mosque in the square of el Meidan, in the neighbourhood of the serai, is also a noble building.

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  • Its length along the coast is about 230 m., and its breadth from the coast to El 13esha about 180.

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  • The lowland, or Tehama, is hot and barren; the principal places in it are Kanfuda, the chief port of the district, Marsa Hali and El Itwad, smaller ports farther south.

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  • The day of the victory, the 10th of August 1557, was sacred to St Laurence; and accordingly the building was dedicated to that saint, and received the title of El real monasterio de San Lorenzo del Escorial.

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  • For the other members of the royal family there is a separate vault, known as the Panteon de los Infantes, or more familiarly by the dreadfully suggestive name of El Pudridero.

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  • Lorencio el Real del Escurial (Madrid, 1589); Jose de Siguenza, Historia de la orden de San Geronyno, &c. (Madrid, 1590).

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  • The Jebel Amur was traversed by the column which seized El Aghuat in 1852, and from that time dates the survey of the mountains.

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  • Marble is quarried; and at El Torcal, 6 m.

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  • Before so superior a force, Wellington had not attempted to maintain the blockade; but on Marmont afterwards advancing towards him, he fought a rearguard action with him at El Bodon (Sept.

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  • El Paso >>

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  • During part of this time (1794-1795) he was also envoy extraordinary to Spain, and in this capacity negotiated (1795) the important Treaty of San Lorenzo el Real; by that treaty the boundary between the United States and East and West Florida and between the United States and " Louisiana was settled (Spain relinquishing all claims east of the Mississippi above 31 0 N.

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  • From 25 B.C. the Roman province of Africa comprised the whole of the region between the mouth of the Ampsaga (Wad Rummel, Wad el Kebir) on the west, and the two tumuli called the altars of the Philaeni, the immutable boundary between Tripolitana and Cyrenaica, on the east (Tissot ii.

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  • The towns of the ancient province of Africa which received coloniae were very numerous: Abitensis (civitas Avittensis Bibba), Bisica Lucana (Tastour), Byzacium, Capsa (Gafsa), Carthage, Cuina, Curubis (Kurba), Hadrumetum (Susa), Hippo Diarrhytus or Zarytus (Bizerta), Leptis Magna (Lebda), Maxula (Ghades, Rades or Gades),Neapolis(Nabel, Nebeul), Oea (Tripoli), Sabrata (Zoara), colonic Scillitana (Ghasrin), Sufes (Sbiba), Tacape (Gabes),Thaenae or Thenae (Tina), Thelepte (Medinet Kedima), Thugga (Dugga), Thuburbo maius (Kasbat), Thysdrus (El Jem), Uthina (Wadna) and Vallis (Median).

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  • It would be impossible to enumerate here all the monographs describing, for example, the ruins of Carthage, those of the temple of the waters at Mount Zaghuan, the amphitheatre of El Jem (Thysdrus), the temple of Saturn, the royal tomb and the theatre of Dugga (Thugga), the bridge of Chemtu (Simitthu), the ruins and cemeteries of Tebursuk and Medeina (Althiburus), the rich villa of the Laberii at Wadna (Uthina), the sanctuary of Saturn Balcaranensis on the hill called Bu-KornaIn, the ruins of the district of Enfida (Aphrodisium, Uppenna, Segermes), those of Leptis minor (Lemta), of Thenae (near Sfax), those of the island of Meninx (Jerba), of the peninsula of Zarzis, of Mactar, Sbeitla (Sufetula), Gigthis (Bu-Grara), Gafsa (Capsa), Kef (Sicca Veneria), Bulla Regia, &c.

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  • ® el] between the pole pieces.

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  • (El Noble) of Navarre, who is buried within its walls; of the older Romanesque cathedral only a small portion of the cloisters remains.

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  • There are also the bull-ring, capable of accommodating 8000 spectators, the pelota court (el Trinquete) and several parks or gardens.

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  • The sheikhs El Morgani are the chiefs of a religious brotherhood widely spread and of considerable influence in the eastern Sudan.

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  • Romero Ortiz, La Litteratura Portuguesa en el siglo XIX.

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  • (C. EL.) IV.

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  • EL WAD, a town in the Algerian Sahara, 125 m.

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  • El Wad is one of the most interesting places in Algeria.

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  • El Wad oasis is one of a group known collectively as the Suf.

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  • Administratively El Wad is the capital of an annexe to the territory of Tuggurt.

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  • The symbol e 0 behaves exactly like i in ordinary algebra; Hamilton writes I, i, j, k instead of eo, el, e2, es, and in this notation all the special rules of operation may he summed up by the equalities = - I.

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  • In the extensive calculus of the nth category, we have, first of all, n independent " units," el, e2, ...

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  • In 1908 there were only 13 railway lines with a mileage of about 540 m., including the short lines from Caracas to El Valle and La Guaira to Maiquetia and Macuto, and the La Vela and Coro.

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  • of the principal mouth of the Orinoco and near the borders of British Guiana, where the famous El Callao mines are.

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  • the best producing beds being at El Tirano and Macanao, the first N.E.

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  • There are a number of electric plants, three of which use water power, one at El Encantado, 10 m..

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  • Pimentel y Roth, Resumen cronologica de las leyes y decretas del credito publico de Venezuela, desde el ano de 1826 hasta el de 1872-1873; W.

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  • In Bagdad, under the rule of Harun el Rashid and his successors, a still more flourishing school arose, where numerous translations of Greek medical works were made.

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  • a g s?o 3 oldeHr? ?k'?o r{d?El rpaoumc „14 ???(?

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  • For a short time he served with Gaspar de Jauregui, known as " The Shepherd " (El Pastor), one of the minor guerrillero leaders.

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  • 3, but the operation partook merely of the nature of a reconnaissance, and for some time hostilities were confined to a blockade of the Ottoman coasts,' defensive steps in Egypt, and the seizure of the Shat el Arab and Basrah.

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  • At the time however when active operations began the 42nd Division and one of the French divisions could 1 The chief naval incidents of this month were: - a raid by the Turkish destroyer " Demir Hissar " which sank the British transport " Manitou " on March 16, but had to be blown up next day off Chios to avoid capture; an attempt of the British submarine E15 to enter the Straits, which led to her being forced ashore (April 16) and in the sequel to her destruction by a daring boat's crew from the " Majestic " (April 18); bombardments of the defences of Smyrna on March 28, April 6 and April 22; and operations at Gaza and El Arish on the Syrian coast by the French battleship " St.

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  • The earliest specimens of glass-ware which can be definitely claimed as Egyptian productions, and the glass manufactory discovered by Dr Flinders Petrie at Tell el Amarna, belong to the period of the XVIIIth dynasty.

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  • The Khalifa's house (a two-storeyed building), the mosque, the Beit el Amana (arsenal) and other houses famed in the history of the town also face the central square.

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  • of Hillah), Nippur (Niffer) - where stood the great sanctuary of El -lil, the older Bel - Uruk or Erech (Warka) and Larsa (Senkera) with its temple of the sun-god, while eastward of the Shatt el-Hai, probably the ancient channel of the Tigris, was Lagash (Tello), which played an important part in early Babylonian history.

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  • In 1886-1887 a German expedition under Dr Koldewey explored the cemetery of El Hibba (immediately to the south of Tello), and for the first time made us acquainted with the burial customs of ancient Babylonia.

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  • On the north-east and east the plateau shelves gradually to the Euphrates and the Persian Gulf; only in the extreme east is this general easterly slope arrested by the lofty range of Jebel Akhdar, which from Ras Musandan to Ras el Had borders the coast of Oman.

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  • The central zone includes Hejaz (or Hijaz), Nejd and El Hasa; much of it is a dry, stony or sandy steppe, with few wells or watering-places, and only occupied by nomad tribes; but the great wadis which intersect it contain many fertile stretches of alluvial soil, where cultivation is possible and which support a considerable settled population, with several large towns and numerous villages.

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  • These favourable conditions of soil and climate, however, extend only a comparatively short distance into the interior, by far the larger part of which is covered by the great southern desert, the Dahna, or Ruba el Khali, empty as its name implies, and uninhabitable.

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  • Zwemer have explored Oman in the extreme east; but the interior south of a line drawn from Taif to El Katr on the Persian Gulf is still virgin ground.

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  • object of the expedition; thence, travelling through the Tehama or lowlands, Niebuhr and his companions visited the towns of Bet el Fakih, Zubed and Mokha, then the great port for the coffee trade of Yemen.

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  • Thence four marches, generally over a stony plateau dominated by bare, sterile mountains, brought them to Sana, where they received a cordial welcome from the imam, el Mandi Abbas.

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  • above the valley, the fortress and palace of the imams, now replaced by the Turkish military hospital, the suburb of Bir el Azab with its scattered houses and gardens, the Jews' quarter and the village of Rauda, a few miles to the north in a fertile, irrigated plain which Niebuhr compares to that of Damascus.

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  • p p g Halevy went north-eastward to El Madid, a town of 5000 inhabitants and the capital of the small district of Nihm; thence crossing a plateau, where he saw the ruins of numerous crenellated towers, he reached the village of Mijzar at the foot of J.

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  • Yam, on the borders of Jauf, a vast sandy plain, extending eastwards to El Jail and El Hazm, where Halevy made his most important discoveries of Sabaean inscriptions: here he explored Main, the ancient capital of the Minaeans, Kamna on the banks of the W.

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  • Kharid, the ancient Caminacum, and Kharibat el Beda, the Nesca of Pliny, where the Sabaean army was defeated by the Romans under Aelius Gallus in 24 B.C. From El Jail Halevy travelled northward, passing the oasis of Khab, and skirting the great desert, reached the fertile district of Nejran, where he found a colony of Jews, with whom he spent several weeks in the oasis of Makhlaf.

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  • An hour's march to the east he discovered at the village of Medinat el Mahud the ruins of the Nagra metropolis of Ptolemy.

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  • Under Turkish protection, he visited the territory of the Hashid and Bakil tribes north-east of Sana, and though their hostile attitude compelled him to return after reaching their first important town, Khamr, he had time to reconnoitre the plateau lying between the two great wadis Kharid and Hirran, formerly covered with Himyaritic towns and villages; and to trace the course of these wadis to their junction at El Ish in the Dhu Husen country, and thence onward to the Jauf.

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  • tion in of Nakb (el Hajar) in the W.

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  • Sailing thence to Sur near Ras el Had, he travelled southward through the country of the Bani bu Ali to the borders of the desert, then turning north-west up the Wadi Betha through a fertile, wellwatered country, running up to the southern slopes of J.

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  • west to the peninsula of El Katr is a desolate gravelly steppe, shelving'gradually down to the salt marshes which border the shores of the gulf.

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  • The Indian government, wishing to enter into relations with Ibrahim Pasha, as de facto ruler of Nejd and El Hasa, with a view to putting down piracy in the Persian Gulf, which was seriously affecting Indian trade, sent a small mission under Captain G.

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  • aeaving Riad, they passed through Yemama, and across a strip of sandy desert to El Hasa where Palgrave found himself in more congenial surroundings.

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    0
  • Travelling down from Damascus in 1875 with the Haj caravan, he stopped at El Hajr, one of the pilgrim stations, with the intention of awaiting the return of the caravan and in the meantime of exploring the rock-cut tombs of Medain Salih and El Ala.

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  • by a line drawn from Ar Rafa, 'a Sinai few miles E.tof El Arish on the Mediterranean, to the head of the Gulf of Akaba; and on the W.

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    0
  • by the Suez Canal; I'enin- its length from El Arish to its most southern point is sula.

    0
    0
  • A few wells exist actually in the Nafud in the district called El Hajra, near its north-eastern border, and along its southern border, between J.

    0
    0
  • These tracts are known as harra; the most remarkable is the Harrat El Awerid, west of the Haj route from Tebuk to El Ala, a mountain mass 100 m.

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    0
  • The harra east of Khaibar is also of considerable extent, and the same formation is found all along the Hejaz border from Medina to the Jebel el Kura, east of Mecca.

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    0
  • in width that forms the eastern boundary of Nejd, to reappear in the copious springs that fertilize El Hasa and the Bahrein littoral.

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    0
  • Dawasir, up which it runs for ten days, perhaps bred 200 m., to El Kura, a thinly peopled district on the borders p i re o of Asir; this accords with the information of the French S.

    0
    0
  • Colonel Miles concluded, from his enquiries, that the low salt swamp, extending inland for some distance from Khor ed Duwan, in the bay east of El Katr, was the outlet of an extensive drainage system which may well be continuous with the W.

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    0
  • East of this again a succession of stony ridges running parallel to the coast has to be crossed before El Hasa is reached.

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    0
  • North of Katif it is desert and only inhabited by nomads; at Katif, however, and throughout the district to the south bordering on the Gulf of Bahrein there are ample supplies of underground water, welling up in abundant springs often at a high temperature, and bringing fertility to an extensive district of which El Hofuf, a town of 15,000 to 20,000 inhabitants, is the most important centre.

    0
    0
  • These districts support a large settled population and several considerable towns, of which Bet el Fakih and Zubed in the western and aahej in the southern Tehama, with 4000 to 6000 inhabitants, are the most important.

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  • inland; while Bet el Fakih and Zubed, once important centres of the coffee trade, have lost their position through the silting up of the ports which formerly served them.

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    0
  • The great desert known as the Dahna or the Rub`a el Khali (" the empty quarter ") is believed to cover all the interior of southern Arabia from the borders of Yemen in the west to those of Oman in the east.

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    0
  • Among fruit trees the vine, apricot, peach, apple, quince, fig and banana are cultivated in the highlands, and in the lower country the date palm flourishes, particularly throughout the central zone of Arabia, in Hejaz, Nejd and El Hasa, where it is the prime article of food.

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  • A hundred kinds of date are said to grow at Medina, of which the birni is considered the most wholesome; the halwa and the jalebi are the most delicately flavoured and sell at very high rates; the khulas of El Hasa is also much esteemed.

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    0
  • In the present day the Syrian pilgrim route, or Darb el Haj, from Damascus to Medina and Mecca is the most used.

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    0
  • The Egyptian pilgrim route from Cairo, across the Sinai peninsula and down the Midian coast to El Wijh, joins the Syrian route at Badr Hunen.

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    0
  • The Yemen pilgrim route, known as the Haj el Kabsi, led from Sada through Asir to Tail and Mecca, but it is no longer used.

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    0
  • Other important routes leading to Nejd are those from Kuwet to Hail, and from El Hasa to Riad respectively.

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  • Wushth -4KW,t4 Abu Dhabl ° ' Masira I Gulf) el Had Aden And Vicinity English ?

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  • In 1798 a Turkish force was sent from Bagdad into El Hasa, but was compelled to retreat without accomplishing anything, and its discomfiture added much to the renown of the Wahhabi power.

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  • For a time it looked as if the supremacy of the Wahhabi empire was to be renewed; El Hasa, Harik, Kasim and Asir returned to their allegiance, but over Oman and Yemen Fesal never re-established his dominion, and the Bahrein sheiks with British support kept their independence.

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    0
  • In 1834 he was with Fesal on an expedition against El Hasa when news came of the amir's murder by his cousin Masharah.

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    0
  • Midhat Pasha, then governor-general, seized the occasion of asserting Turkish dominion on the Persian Gulf coast, and in 1875, in spite of British protests, occupied El Hasa and established a new province under the title of Nejd, with its headquarters at Hofuf, of which Abdallah was appointed governor.

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  • Burton, Pilgrimage to El Medinah and Meccah (aondon, 1855), Midian revisited (1879); W.

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    0
  • He is also the reputed author of El Prodigio de los Monies, from which Calderon derived El Magico prodigioso.

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  • de Goeje, pp. 279 seq.) and the histories of Ibn el Athir and Tabary.

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    0
  • G.; C. EL.)

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    0
  • Fita, " El Vascuence en las inscripciones ogmicas," Bol.

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    0
  • On the north and north-west the Aures mountains of Algeria are prolonged into Tunisia, and constitute the mountainous region of the north, which lies between the Majerda river and the sea, and also includes the vicinity of the city of Tunis and the peninsula of the Dakhelat el Mawin, which terminates in Ras Addar (Cape Bon).

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  • They are smooth depressed areas (in the case of the largest, the Shat el Jerid, lying a few feet below the level of the Mediterranean), which for more than half the year are expanses of dried mud covered with a thick incrustation of white or grey salt.

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  • It would seem probable that at one time these shats (at any rate the Shat el Jerid) were an inlet of the Mediterranean, which by the elevation of a narrow strip of land on the Gulf of Gabes has been cut off from them.

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  • north-west of Gafsa) and Tebessa in Algeria is strewn on both sides with Roman ruins; the old houses and other ruins at and near Thala; the baths and other ruins of Gafsa; the baths at Tuzer, El Hamma and Gabes.

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  • Farther south there is the group of islets and rocks called Huaura, in I I ° 27' S., the chief of which are El Pelado, Tambillo, Chiquitana, Bravo, Quitacalzones and Mazorque.

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    0
  • Raimondi, El Departamento de Ancachs y sus riquezas minerales (Lima, 1873); G.

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    0
  • His great work is entitled El Peru: estudios mineralogicos, &c. (3 vols., Lima, 1890-1902), and one separate volume on the department of Ancachs.

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  • Garcia, El Peru en Europa (Lima, 1900); the same authors, Geografia comercial de la America del Sud (3 vols., ibid.

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    0
  • Garland, La Industria azucarera en el Peru, 1550-1895 (Lima, 1895); idem, Peru in 1906 (official; ibid.

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    0
  • Raimondi, El Peru: Estudios mineralogicos, &c. (4 vols., Lima, 1890-1902); M.

    0
    0
  • Rene-Moreno, Ultimos dias coloniales en el Alto Peru 1807-1808 (Santiago de Chile, 1896-1898); F.

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    0
  • The brick enclosure wall of the temple is still plainly visible near the little village of Sa el hagar (Sa of stone) on the east bank of the Rosetta branch, but the royal tombs and other monuments of Sais, some of which were described by Herodotus, and its inscribed records, have all gone.

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  • Bronze figures of deities are now the most interesting objects to be found at Sa el hagar.

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  • manifestation) of El" (God).

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    0
  • For practical purposes the northern limit of Glossina, as at present known, may be shown on the map by drawing a line from Cape Verde to the Nile a little to the south-east of El Obeid, and thence to the coast of Somaliland at 4° N; while the southern boundary of the genus may similarly be represented by the Cunene river, in the south of Angola, and a line thence to the north-eastern end of St Lucia lake, in Zululand.

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  • Sidi Bu Medin (more properly El Eubbad) is a little over a mile south-east of Tlemcen.

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  • The siege being raised, El Mansura (the victorious), as the new city was called, was abandoned.

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    0
  • El Panorama (1839-1841) was another literary periodical with engravings.

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    0
  • Current special periodicals are: Euskal-erria, revista bascongada (1880, San Sebastian); Monumenta historica societatis Jesu (1894); El Progreso matematico, afterwards Revista de matematicas Auras y aplicadas (1891); Revista de bibliografia Catalano (Catalunya, Baleares, Rosselo, Valencia, 1901); La Naturaleza, fortnightly; La Energia electrica, fortnightly; Revista minera, weekly; Revista de medicina, weekly; Bibliografia espanola, fortnightly; La Lectura; Espana y America, monthly.

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    0
  • In 1814 Escoiquiz published at Madrid his Idea Sencilla de las razones que motivaron el viage del Rey Fernando VII.

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    0
  • 9 Garcilasso el Inca, Comment.

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    0
  • Therefore he was commonly spoken of as el condeduque.

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  • Here he endeavoured to satisfy his passion for activity, partly by sharing in the municipal government of the town and the regulation of itsc commons, woods and pastures, and partly by the composition of the apology he published under the title of El Nicandro, which was perhaps written by an agent, but was undeniably inspired by the fallen minister.

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  • el nacimiento, estudios y empleos de.

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    0
  • EL OBEID, chief town of the mudiria (province) of Kordofan, Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, and 230 m.

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  • A considerable part of the trade of Darfur with Egypt passes through El Obeid.

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    0
  • El Obeid, which appears to be a place of considerable antiquity and the ancient capital of the country, was garrisoned by the Egyptians on their conquest of Kordofan in 1821.

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    0
  • During the Mandia the city was destroyed and deserted, and when Kordofan passed, in 1899, into the possession of the Anglo-Egyptian authorities nothing was left of El Obeid but a part of the old government offices.

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  • below Tudela, to El Burgo de Ebro, 5 m.

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  • (C. EL.)

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  • (el Justicieiro), was born at Lisbon on the 22nd of April 1357, and in 1364 was created grand-master of Aviz.

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  • His own belief in Mahomet and his doctrines was so thorough as to procure for him the title El Siddik (the faithful), and his success in gaining converts was correspondingly great.

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    0
  • The entire valley of the Rio Grande, from El Paso to Brownsville, grows many species of cactus, and other prickly coriaceous shrubs.

    0
    0
  • During a period of twenty-six years (from January 1882 to December 1908) the greatest extremes that were recorded in the state by the United States Weather Bureau were 113° at El Paso in June 1883 and - 16° at Amarillo, Potter county, in the Panhandle, in February 1899; within the same period the extremes at Galveston ranged only from 98° to 8°.

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  • at El Paso.

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  • In the western and southwestern parts the summer months are the wettest and the spring months are the driest; thus, at El Paso the rainfall amounts to 2.2 in.

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    0
  • The principal cities are San Antonio, Houston, Dallas, Galveston, Fort Worth, Austin, the capital, Waco, El Paso, Laredo, Denison and Sherman.

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    0
  • He was styled "El pacificador de Espana," was made a grandee of the first class, and received two dukedoms.

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    0
  • On the defeat of Josiah at Megiddo his younger brother Jehoahaz (or Shallum) was chosen by the Judaeans, but the Egyptian conquerer Necho summoned him to his headquarters at Riblah (south of Hamath on the Orontes) and removed him to Egypt, appointing in his stead Eliakim, whose name ("El[God] raiseth up") was changed to its better-known synonym, Jehoiakim.

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    0
  • "Gelgel") speaks of a town of the name 6 Roman miles north of Antipatris (Ras el `Ain).

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    0
  • The city stands on a small plain occupying the south-western part of a large lacustrine depression known as the Valley of Mexico (El Valle de Mexico), about 3 m.

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  • Standing close beside the cathedral is the highly ornamented facade of a smaller church called El Sagrario Metropolitano.

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    0
  • Near Tacubaya, on the north by west, were some massive stone buildings known as El Molino del Rey, or the King's Mill.

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    0
  • Costa Rica (El General), Central America.

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    0
  • (Publications of Peabody Museum.) Beyond Chiriqui southward is El Dorado.

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    0
  • in 1529, but remained unfinished for nearly two hundred years, extends from Tudela to El Burgo de Ebro, a distance of 80 m.; it has a depth of 9 ft., and an average breadth of 69, and is navigable for vessels of about 80 tons.

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  • Berber, or El Mekerif, is a town of considerable antiquity.

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    0
  • Beyond the Jewish quarter, in the Ribat-el-Soweika, is the Place el Halfa-Ouine, a favourite rendezvous of the poorer Moslem population, wherein are many native cafés.

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    0
  • In the 10th century it suffered severely, being repeatedly pillaged in the wars of the Fatimite caliphs Al-Qaim and Abu Tahir Ismail el Mansur with the Sunnite leader Abu Yazid and the Zenata Berbers.

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  • Figueras is built at the foot of the Pyrenees, and on the northern edge of El Ampurdan, a fertile and well-irrigated plain,which produces wine, olives and rice,and derives its name from the seaport of Ampurias,.

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  • The town is surrounded by mountain summits, the highest of which, El Torito, rises to an elevation of 2362 ft.

    0
    0
  • We find also the common Semitic Il (El) and a Dhu Samai answering to the northern Baal Shamayim.

    0
    0
  • Hence the note produced with any given circle of holes rises in pitch as the disk revolves more rapidly; and if, the revolution of the disk being kept as steady as possible, the tube be passed rapidly across the circles of the first series, a series of notes is heard, which, if the lowest be denoted by C, form the sequence C, C1, El, G1, C2, &c. In like manner, the first circle in which we have two sets of holes dividing the circumference, the one into say 8 parts, and the other into Io,.

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  • found in 1908 at El Ksar on the coast of Morocco see Dieudonne in Revue Numism.

    0
    0
  • It is true that childsacrifice in connexion with fire prevailed among the Phoenicians, and, according to the Greeks, the deity honoured with these grisly rites was Kronos (identified with the Phoenician El, "God").

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  • Besides papers in scientific periodicals he published Indagaciones sobre el estanada de cobre, la vajilla de estano y el vidriado (1803); Memoire sur le sucre de raisins (1808); Recueil des memoires relatifs d la poudre a canon (1815); and Essai sur une des causes qui peuvent amener la formation du calcul (1824).

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    0
  • the Spaniards had opened a canal (" El Dique ") through some marshes and lagoons into a small western outlet of the Magdalena, which gave access to that river at Calamar, about 81 m.

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  • At El Kantara (the bridge) on the eastern strait, and formerly connected with the mainland by a causeway, are extensive ruins of a Roman city - probably those of Meninx, once a flourishing seaport.

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  • B.; C. EL.)

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  • Her magnates, having already got all they could out of their own country, looked eagerly abroad for fresh El Dorados.

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  • While still a youth he was taken by his father on the pilgrimage to Mecca and Medina and to the tomb of Sidi Abd-el-Kader El Jalili at Bagdad - events which stimulated his natural tendency to religious enthusiasm.

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    0
  • Pichon, Abd el Kader, 1807-1883 (Paris [18991) Alex.

    0
    0
  • The eastern and larger group, corresponding with the ancient Insulae Baleares, comprises the two principal members of the archipelago, Majorca (Spanish, Mallorca) and Minorca (Spanish, Menorca), with seven islets: Aire, Aucanada, Botafoch, Cabrera, Dragonera, Pinto and El Rey.

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  • el' Italia (Camerino, 1901); and also the extensive bibliography in Herzog-Hauck, Realencyklopildie, s.v.

    0
    0
  • The conspicuous feature in the view from the ocean is the Borj el Hasan, an unfinished square-built tower, 145 ft.

    0
    0
  • Rabat was founded by Yak'ub el Mansur in 1184, but Salli was then already an ancient city, and on the scarped hills to the west of Rabat stand the ruins of Sala, a Roman colony, known as Shelia.

    0
    0
  • In 1903 the El Paso drain was completed, to unwater the western half of the field to the 880-ft.

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    0
  • of Bona; Sebkha and El Melah, south of Oran; and three small lakes in the immediate vicinity of La Calle.

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    0
  • In the Sahara are Biskra (4218), El Wad (7586), Tuggurt (2073) and Wargla (3579).

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    0
  • of Algiers, is the ancient town of El Aghuat (erroneously written Laghouat); pop. 5660.

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    0
  • of El Aghuat, and 36 m.

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    0
  • The caravan route south from Ghardaia brings the traveller, after a journey of 130 m., to the oasis and town of El Golea (pop. about 2500).

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  • El Golea was originally a settlement of the Zenata Berbers, by whom it was known as Taorert, and there is still a considerable Berber element in its population.

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  • The full Arab name is El Golea'a el Menia'a, or the " little fortress well defended."

    0
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  • A column seized Laghouat (El Aghuat) in December 1852.

    0
    0
  • He had an interview with El Haddad, the sheikh of the Khuans, the religious confraternity of Sidi-Abd-er-Rahman, whose influence was great, and having secured his support in April 1871, Mokrani proclaimed the holy war.

    0
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  • At the bidding of El Haddad the whole of Kabylia rose, and numbers of French colonists were massacred; the columns of Colonel Cerez and General F.

    0
    0
  • The death of the bach-agha at the battle of Suflat, the submission of the Sheikh El Haddad, and finally the arrest of Bu-Meyrag, brother of Mokrani, mark the declining stages of the insurrection, which was completely suppressed by August 1871.

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  • Gallifet entered El Golea.

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    0
  • His capture of the Spanish frigate "El Gamo" (32) on the 6th of May 1801 was indeed a feat of unparalleled audacity.

    0
    0
  • (i') C el.

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    0
  • Sailing thence north-westward for many weeks, over a sea so calm that he named it El Mar pacifico, he sighted only two small islands.

    0
    0
  • El Guipuzcoano instruido (San Sebastian, 1780), in the form of a dictionary, gives full details of the life, the rights, duties and obligations of a Basque citizen of that date.

    0
    0
  • Pittier, Apuntaciones sobre el china y geographia de la Republica de Costa Rica (San Jose, 1890); P. Biolley, Costa Rica and her Future (Washington, 1889); M.

    0
    0
  • K.; C. EL.)

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    0
  • scincus, the ouaran el and of North Africa; others prefer wooded localities.

    0
    0
  • Cunnington, in the brackish water of lake Birket el Kerun in the Egyptian Fayum.

    0
    0
  • At Ciudad Juarez (adjoining El Paso, Texas), on the northern frontier, the elevation is 3600 ft., which shows a slope of only 42 ft.

    0
    0
  • These two lines, popularly called the Mexican Central and Mexican National, have their northern termini at Ciudad Juarez and Laredo on the Rio Grande and connect with American trunk lines at El Paso and Laredo.

    0
    0
  • se hallaron en la plaza principal de Mexico el a g o de 1790 (Mexico, 1792; 2nd ed.

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    0
  • The evidence of his treason was published in El NacionaL of Mexico, Sept.

    0
    0
  • On the 17th of October 1909 President Taft and President Diaz exchanged visits at the frontier at El Paso, Texas.

    0
    0
  • large 4to), sumptuously produced and badly translated, is Mexico, its Social Evolution (Barcelona, 1900-1904); a useful and handy chronicle is Nicolas Leon's Cornpendio de la historia general de Mexico hasta el ano de zgoo (Mexico and Madrid, 1902).

    0
    0
  • Domenech, L'Empire cain (Mexico, 1866), and Le Mexique tel qu'il est (Paris, 1867); Daran, El General Miguel Miramon (in French) (Rome, 1886); Schmidt von Tavera, Gesch.

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    0
  • It lies in a spacious plain - Blad el Hamra, "The Red" - about 15 m.

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  • The mosque to which the tower belongs is a large brick building erected by `Abd el Mumin; the interior is adorned with marble pillars, and the whole of the crypt is occupied by a vast cistern excavated by Yakub el Mansur.

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  • Other mosques of some note are those of Ibn Yusef, El Mansur and El Mo`izz; the chapel of Sidi Bel Abbas, in the extreme north of the city, possesses property of great value, and serves as an almshouse and asylum.

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    0
  • [Aiy]EL ['1770-ODs 67r[oo idy W(rLV [0, ad E[io ]v i&Beol Kai [b]7rov E[IS] i(rTLV pOvoc, [Xl]yw, iyc. EIpL pET' ailT[OU].

    0
    0
  • 7 RaUL%ELQv el 1 3avLAEla Obpa[vW i(rTLV; Ta 0bp[avOU Kai Br7PiWV TL brro 7 7 As cal IXBbes T7 7 BaXc4[(rv7) oirrot lXKov- b//as cal i 7 QaQ[L%Eia ObpavWv Evtos bpWV [i](rTL [Kai 6(rrLS «v yvcw rain-7 7 v Eup17[vEl...

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  • der Deutschen Morgenlandischen Gesellschaft, &c. (C. EL.)

    0
    0
  • See also Marques de Rojas, El General Miranda (Paris, 1884), and his Miranda dans la revolution francaise (Caracas, 1889); and R.

    0
    0
  • From 1843 to 1868 he was the chief of the Liberal party in Barcelona, and as proprietor and editor of El Conseller did much to promote the growth of local patriotism in Catalonia.

    0
    0
  • MUHAMRAH (MOHAMMERAH), a town of Persia, in the province of Arabistan, in 30 26' N., 48° II' E., on the Hafar canal, which joins the Karun with the Shatt el Arab, and flows into the latter 40 m.

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  • NUSRETABAD, the capital of Persian Seistan, so called after Nusret el Mulk, a former deputy governor of Seistan; when built, c. 1870, it was first called Nasirabad in honour of Nasr-uddin Shah; other names, used locally, are Shahr (town) i Seistan, Shahr i Nassiriyeh, or simply Shahr, the town.

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  • 28), and erected an altar to "God (El) the God of Israel."

    0
    0
  • Abbad, surnamed El Motaddid, his son and successor, is one of the most remarkable figures in Spanish Mahommedan history.

    0
    0
  • El Motaddid was a poet and a lover of letters, who was also a poisoner, a drinker of wine, a sceptic and treacherous to the utmost degree.

    0
    0
  • After 1063 he was assailed by Fernando El Magno of Castile and Leon, who marched to the gates of Seville, and forced him to pay tribute.

    0
    0
  • His son, Mahommed Abd-ul-Qasim Abenebet - who reigned by the title of El Motamid - was the third and last of the Abbadides.

    0
    0
  • El Motamid went, however, considerably further in patronage of literature than his father, for he chose as his favourite and prime minister the poet Ibn Ammar.

    0
    0
  • El Motamid was even more influenced by his favourite wife, Romaica, than by his vizir.

    0
    0
  • When Alphonso took Toledo in 1085, El Motamid called in Yusef ibn Tashfin, the Almoravide (see Spain, History, and Almoravides).

    0
    0
  • During the six years which preceded his deposition in 1091, El Motamid behaved with valour on the field, but with much meanness and political folly.

    0
    0
  • The vacillations and submissions of El Motamid did not save him from the fate which overtook his fellow-princes.

    0
    0
  • El Motamid, who had fought bravely, was weak enough to order his sons to surrender the fortresses they still held, in order to save his own life.

    0
    0
  • The same year he was again denounced to the Inquisition, on the ground of his Comentarios sobre el Catechismo (Antwerp,1558),which in 1563, however, was approved by a commission of the council of Trent.

    0
    0
  • Traces of foreign influence are observable in El Moro Exposito (1833), a narrative poem dedicated to John Hookham Frere; these are still more marked in Don Alvaro o La Fuerza del sino (first played on the 22nd of March 1835), a drama of historical importance inasmuch as it established the new French romanticism in Spain.

    0
    0
  • Valera in El Ateneo (Madrid, December 1888-February 1889); E.

    0
    0
  • Pineyro, El Romanticismo en Espana (Paris, 1904) .

    0
    0
  • of El Paso, Texas.

    0
    0
  • six weeks' journey down the Rio Grande to the mission of Guadalupe, near the modern El Paso, Texas.

    0
    0
  • ?el ?

    0
    0
  • $radw b el than"' s o e5 theucr r t ?l t of eg o?pUer, atus 1, ?

    0
    0
  • Argensola (1609) uses the forms islas Malucas, Maluco, and el Maluco; Coronel (1623), islas del Moluco; and Camoens, Maluco.

    0
    0
  • Houdas (Paris, 1889); Andalousie et Portugal (Paris, 1886); El.

    0
    0
  • 21, is variously explained as meaning "man of El" (Ball), or as a transcription (Sayce) of the Babylonian Mutu-sa-ili (possibly, "man of the goddess").

    0
    0
  • CASABLANCA (Dar el Baida, " the white house"), a seaport on the Atlantic coast of Morocco, in 33° 27' N., 7° 46' W.

    0
    0
  • The most notable of the wall rocks are: El Capitan, 3300 ft.

    0
    0
  • In the number and height of its vertical falls and in the massive grandeur of El Capitan and Half Dome rocks Yosemite is unrivalled.

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  • levantar, to lift or break up, in such phrases as levantar la casa, to break up a household, or el cameo, to break camp.

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  • Almost contemporaneous with this fuero of Leon was that granted to Najera (Naxera) by Sancho el Mayor of Navarre (ob.

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  • The former of these, which was distinguished by the unusual largeness of its concessions, and by the careful minuteness of its details, rapidly extended to many places in the neighbourhood, while the latter charter was given also to Miranda by Alphonso VI., and was further extended in 1181 by Sancho el Sabio of Navarre to Vitoria, thus constituting one of the earliest written fora of the "Provincias Vascongadas."

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  • MAZAGAN (El Jadida), a port on the Atlantic coast of Morocco in 33° 16' N.

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  • There is no natural harbour, but traces of ruins near the shore mark the site of the old Maiuma Gazae or Port of Gaza, now called el Minch, which in the 5th century was a separate town and episcopal see, under the title Constantia or Limena Gaza.

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  • It is called el Muntar, "the watch tower," and is supposed to be the mountain "before (or facing) Hebron," to which Samson carried the gates of Gaza (Judg.

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  • 37 sqq.; Petrie, Syria and Egypt in the Tell el Am.

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  • The god or goddess was generally called the Ba'al or Ba'alath of such and such a place, a title which was used not only by the Canaanites, but by the Aramaeans (Be`el) and Babylonians (Bel) as well.

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  • Al Kasr al Kebir was built, according to Leo Africanus, by Yakub el Mansur (1184-1199).

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  • Not far from the town, by the banks of the river Makhazan, is the site of the battle fought in 1578 between Dom Sebastian, king of Portugal, and the Moors under Abd el Malek, in which the Moors were victorious, though both kings perished, as well as the deposed Mahommed XI., who had called in the Portuguese to his aid against Abd el Malek.

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  • In order to avoid the uncertainty arising from the lack of vowels to distinguish forms consisting of the same consonants (for the vowel-points were not yet invented), the aramaising use of the reflexive conjugations (Hithpa`el, Nithpa`el) for the internal passives (Pu'al, Hoph`al) became common; particles were used to express the genitive and other relations, and in general there was an endeavour to avoid the obscurities of a purely consonantal writing.

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  • Gil Maestre, in his El Anarquismo en Espana, y el especial de Barcelona (Madrid, 1897), and in his La Criminalidad en Barcelona (Barcelona, 1886).

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  • LARAISH (El Araish), a port in northern Morocco on the Atlantic coast in 35° 13' N., 6° 9' W., 43 m.

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  • long., and the boundary on the north the southern borders of El Hasa.

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  • The Oman-Hasa boundary has been usually drawn north of the promontory of El Katr.

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  • Turkish occupation (now firmly established throughout El Hasa) includes Katif (the ancient Gerrha), and El Bidia on the coast of Katr.

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  • Beyond the mountains which flank the cultivated valleys of Semail and Tyin, to the west, there stretches the great Ruba el Khali, or Dahna, the central desert of southern Arabia, which reaches across the continent to the borders of Yemen, isolating the province on the landward side just as the rugged mountain barriers shut it off from the sea.

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  • Both routes give access to the wadi Tyin, which, enclosed between the mountain of El Beideh and Hallowi (from 2000 to 3000 ft.

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  • In some of the older streets European shops have replaced the picturesque native cupboards; drinking dens have sprung up at many of the corners, while telephones and electric light have been introduced by private companies, and European machinery is used in many of the corn-mills, &c. The main thoroughfare leads from Bab el Marsa (Gate of the Port) to the Bab el Sok (Gate of the Market-place) known to the English as Port Catherine.

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  • El Ufrani writes that "it was besieged so closely that the Christians had to flee on their vessels and escape by sea, leaving the place ruined from bottom to top."

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  • It was one of the chief towns of Abd el Kader, but was occupied by the French in 1843.

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  • west of Tiaret, Abd el Kader had his principal arsenal.

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  • Wimshurst constructed numerous very powerful machines of this type, some of them with "multiple plates, which operate i - almost any climate, and rarely fail to charge themselves and deliver a torrent of sparks between the disf El charge balls whenever the winch is turned.

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  • x-` Q ..o(rlg el Vo n a 4 ', E tdhoven.r _ A ` '/; gi.

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  • el 6 ?

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  • COLORADO SPRINGS, a city and the county-seat of El Paso county, Colorado, U.S.A., about 75 m.

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  • In 1859 a winter mining party coming upon the sunny valley near the present Manitou, near the old Fontaine-qui-Bouille, settled "El Dorado."

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  • to the commanderies of Gardeyne and Ascho: "Pus el es rey et papa et emperador !

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  • Car tot lo mon sap, quel papa no es negun et que el fa tot go ques vol del papa et de la esglea."

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  • In Dar Homr the Wadi el Ghalla and the Khor Shalango drain towards the Homr affluent of the Bahr el Ghazal.

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  • of El Obeid.

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  • Other large tribes are the Dar Hamid and the Bederia - the last-named living round El Obeid.

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  • The nomad Arabs are of two classes, camel owners (Slat El Ilbil) and cattle owners (Baggara), the first-named dwelling in the dry northern regions, the Baggara in southern Kordofan.

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  • The capital, El Obeid (q.v.), is centrally situated.

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  • But the railway from Khartum to El Obeid, via Sennar, built in 1909-1911, crosses the Nile some 60 m.

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  • of El Obeid, is a commercial centre which has sprung into importance since the fall of the dervishes.

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  • Taiara, on the route between El Obeid and the Nile, was destroyed by the dervishes but has been rebuilt and is a thriving mart for the gum trade.

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  • El Odoaiya or Eddaiya is the headquarters of the Homr country.

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    0
  • Bolland, Exploraciones practicadas en el Alto Paraguay y en la Laguna Gaiba (Buenos Aires, 1901).

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  • Audibert, Question de limites entre el Paraguay y Bolivia (Asuncion, 1901); H.

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  • In 1908 there were thirtyfour newspapers and periodicals published in the cit y, of which thirteen were Spanish, fourteen were English, two were Chinese, and five were Tagalog; the principal dailies were the Manila Times, Cablenews American, El Comercio, El Libertas, El Mercantil, El Renacimiento and La Democracia.

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  • of this dynasty, which has been revealed by the excavations of the Egypt Exploration Fund at Deir el Bahri (see Architecture, section Egyptian, fig.

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  • developed Karnak, and on the west bank built the great funerary temple of Deir el Bahri and smaller temples as far south as Medinet Habu, and began the long series of royal tombs in the famous Valley of the Tombs of the Kings far back in the desert behind Deir el Bahri.

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  • He moved his capital northward to Akhetaton (El Amarna) and strove to suppress the worship of Ammon, doing infinite damage to the monuments of Thebes by defacing his name and figure.

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  • (XXth Dynasty) at Medinet Habu, his tomb in the Biban el Moluk, the temple of Khons (Rameses III.

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  • For the rest there are the tombs of many kings in the Biban el Moluk and a good deal of comparatively petty construction and tinkering, with the help of stone robbed from older structures.

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  • Northward and far back in the foot-hills is the Ptolemaic temple of Deir el Medina, and beyond under the cliffs of Deir el Bahri the terrace temple of Queen Hatshepsut, the walls of which are adorned with scenes from her expedition to Puoni (Somaliland) in search of incense trees, and many other subjects.

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  • The necropolis extends from Kurna in the north through Drah abu'l nagga, the Assasif, and Shekh abd el Kurna to Kurnet Murrai of Medinet Habu.

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  • Far behind Medinet Habu are the Tombs of the Queens, where royal relatives of the XXth Dynasty are buried; and immediately behind the lofty cliffs of Deir el Bahri, but accessible only by a very circuitous route from Kurna, are the tombs of the kings (from Tethmosis I.

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  • onward to the end of the XXth Dynasty) in the Biban el Moluk and the Western Valley.

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  • and in the burial-place of the priest-kings at Deir el Bahri.

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  • Naville, (Temple of) Deir el Bahari, introduction and parts i.

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  • Maspero, "Les Momies royales de Deir el Bahari" in Memoires de la mission archeologique francaise au Caire, tome I.; and many other works.

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  • Arabi also attended lectures at the mosque El Azhar and acquired a reputation as an orator.

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  • There is superb mountain scenery on the roads to El Caney and San Luis (pop. 1907, 344 1), in the thickly populated valley of the Cauto.

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  • Monuments commemorate the actions at El Caney and San Juan Hill.

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  • FERDINAND III., El Santo or "the Saint," king of Castile (1199-1252), son of Alphonso IX.

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  • El Reno >>

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  • Levy, Rev. des El.

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  • After friendly correspondence with the caliph at Bagdad, whom he acknowledged as Amir el Muminin, "Prince of the Faithful," Yusef in 1097 assumed the title of "Prince of the Resigned" - Amir el Muslimin.

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  • See Budgett Meakin, The Moorish Empire (London, 1899); the anonymous Raj(' el Kartas (Fez.

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  • 1326), translated by Baymier as Roudh el-Kartas (Paris, 1860); Ibn Khaldun, Kitab el `Aibr.

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  • fi Aiyam el Maghrib, Eec. (cir.

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  • Ammon (Zeus) continued to be the great god of Thebes in its decay, and notwithstanding that a nome-capital in the north of the Delta and many lesser temples, from El Hibeh in Middle Egypt to Canopus on the sea, acknowledged Ammon as their supreme divinity, he probably in some degree represented the national aspirations of Upper Egypt as opposed to Middle and Lower Egypt: he also remained the national god of Ethiopia, where his name was pronounced Amane.

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  • The narrow canal, El Khalig, which branched from the Nile at Old Cairo and traversed the city from S.W.

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  • 1003), the mosque el Azhar (the splendid), which dates from about A.D.

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  • East of the Khan-el-Khalil is the mosque of El Hasanen, which is invested with peculiar sanctity as containing relics of Hosain and Hasan, grandsons of the Prophet.

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  • Berak el Khiam Nahia i?

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  • El Sayed Pasha Shokrt% Scale, English Miles I 2 Railways ' Cn Canals Reference Pa/Ace Q.

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  • O Sakkara a 0 El Azizia d Mith o a Walda Pala z.

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  • el Wal.da i E l Badrash,ein East 3 1 °"S' Longitude The road to Old Cairo by the river leads past the monastery of the " Howling " Dervishes, and the head of the aqueduct which formerly supplied the citadel with water.

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  • Of the other churches in Kasresh-Shama the most noteworthy is that of El Adra (the Virgin), also called El 1Vloallaka, or The Suspended, being built in one of the towers of the Roman gateway.

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  • Lacerta in turn has become, in Spanish, lagarto, which, with the article, el lagarto, is the origin of the term "alligator."

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  • The ancient and celebrated Coptic monasteries El Abiad (the white) and El Ahmar (the red) are 3 to 4 m.

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  • south of El Obeid.

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  • At El Teb, however, in 1884 he allowed himself to be slaughtered by tribesmen formerly despised, and only about one-fourth of the force under General Valentine Baker escaped.

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  • border of the desert are the tombs of Deshgsha, Meir and Assiflt, and on the east bank those of Beni Hasan, the rockcut temple of Speos Artemidos, the tombs of El Bersha and Sheikh Said, the tonibs and stelae of El Amarna with the alabaster quarries of, Hanub in the desert behind them, and the tombs of Deir el Gebrgwi.

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  • Farther south are the stupendous ruins of Thebes on both sides of the river, the temple of Esna, the ruins and tombs of El Kab, the temple of Edfu, the quarries of Silsila and the temple of Ombos, followed by the inscribed rocks of the First Cataract, the tombs and quarries of Assuan and the temples of Philae.

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  • Here are the temples of Debfld, the temple and quarries of Kertassi, the temples of Kalabsha, Bet el Wali, Dendr, Gerf Husn, Dakka, Maharaka, Es-Seba, Amgda and Derr, the grottos of Elles ya, the tombs of Aniba, the temple of Ibrim, the great rock-temples of Abu-Simbel, the temples at Jebel Adda and Wadi Halfa, the forts and temples of Semna, the temples of Amgra (Meroitic) and Soleb.

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  • Outside the Nile valley on the west are temples- in the Great and Little Oases and the Oasis of Ammon: on the east quarries and stelae on the Hammamat road to the Red Sea, and mines and other remains at Wadi Maghara and SerbIt el Khgdim in the Sinai peninsula.

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  • In Syria there are tablets of conquest on the rocks at the mouth of the Nahr el Keib.

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  • Egypt normally included the whole of the Nile valley from the First Cataract to the sea; pure Egyptians, however, formed the population of Lower Nubia above the Cataract in prehistori.c times; at some periods also the land was divided into separate kingdoms, while at others Egypt stretched southward into Nubia, and it generally claimed the neighboring Libyan deserts and oases on the west and the Arabian deserts on the east to the shore of the Red Sea, with Sinai and the Mediterranean coast as far as Rhinocorura (El Arish).

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  • The chief of these was limestone of varying degrees of fineness, composing the cliffs which lined the valley from the apex of the Delta to the neighborhood of El Kab; the best quality was obtained on the east side opposite Memphis from the quarries of Turra and Masgra.

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  • From El Kb southward its place was taken by Libyan sandstone, soft and easily worked, but unsuitable for fine sculpture.

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  • behind El Amarna, but it was obtained elsewhere in the limestone region, including a spot near Alexandria.

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  • The roads to Syria skirted the east border of the Delta and then followed the coast from near Pelusium through El Arish and Gaza.

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  • farther north, at a place now called El Amarna.

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  • The burial-place of his priests in later times was in 1904 discovered at Abusir el Meleq.

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  • NECHBET (Nekhbi, Nekhebi), the vulture-goddess of El Kab, called Eileithyia by the Greeks.

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  • Petrie, Tell el Amarna; P.Ab.,, Abydos; P.D.

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  • The principal monument of this period is the temple of Deir el Bahri, the funeral temple of Hatshepsut, on which she recorded the principal event of her reign, the expedition to Punt.

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  • On the Nubiari sites his work may still be seen at Amfida, Ellesra, Ibrim, Semna and in Sinai at Serabit el KMdem.

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  • Akhenaton has been so consistently eclipsed by the later kings who destroyed his work, that the painted pavement and the rock tablets of Tell el Amarna are the only monuments of his still in position, beside a few small inscriptions.

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  • Another large work was the clearance and rebuilding of much of the city of Tell el Yehudia, the palace hall of which contained the celebrated colored tiles with figures of captives.

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  • At El Kab the temple dates from Ptolemy IX.

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  • The interesting date of the harvest at El Bersha, quoted by Meyer in Breasted, Records, i.

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  • The capital of Upper Egypt was Nekheb, now represented by the ruins of El Kab, with the royal residence across the river at Nekhen (Hieraconpolis); that of Lower Egypt was at Buto (PutO or Dep) in the marshes, with the royal residence in the quarter called Pe.

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  • Nekhbi, goddess of El Kab, represented the Upper or Southern Kingdom, which was also under the tutelage of the god Seth, the goddess Buto and the god Horus similarly presiding over the Lower Kingdom.

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  • The funerary temple of Nebhepr Menthotp III., the last but one of these kings, has been excavated by the Egypt Exploration Fund at Deir el Bahri, and must have been a magnificent monument.

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  • The nomarchs and the other feudal chiefs were inclined to strengthen themselves at the expense of their neighbors; a firm hand wa~ required to hold them in check and distribute the honors as they were earned by faithful service., The tombs of the most favored and wealthy princes are magnificent, particularly those of certain families in Middle Egypt at Beni Hasari, El Bersha, AssiUt and Deir RIfa, and it is probable that each had a court and organization within.

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  • The tomb of Thethotp at El Bersha, celebrated for the scene of the transport of a colossus amongst its paintings, was finished in.

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  • the great find of royal mummies at Deir el Bahri, shows the head frightfully hacked and split, perhaps in a battle with the Hyksos.

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  • The principal source for the history of this time is the biographical inscription at El Kab of a namesake of the king, Ahmosi son of Abana, a sailor and warrior whose exploits extend to the reign of TethmOsis I.

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  • The temple of Deir el Bahri also was designed by him.

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  • She completed and decorated the temple of Deir el Bahri, embellishing its walls with scenes calculated to establish her claims, representing her divine origin and upbringing under the protection of Ammon, and her association on the throne by her human father.

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  • His mummy, found in the cachette at Deir el Bahri, is said to be that of a very old man.

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  • He changed his own name from Amenhotp, Ammon is satisfied, to Akhenaton, pious to Aton, erased the name and figure of Ammon from the monuments, even where it occurred as part of his own fathers name, abandoned Thebes, the magnificent city of Ammon, and built a new capital at El Amarna in the plain of Hermopolis, on a virgin site upon the edge of the desert.

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  • The mummies from the despoiled tombs of the kings were the object of much anxious care to the kings of this dynasty; after being removed from one tomb to another, they were finally deposited in a shaft near the temple of Deir el Bahri, where they remained for nearly three thousand years, until the demand for antiquities at last brought the plunderer once more to their hiding-place; eventually they were all secured for the Cairo museum, where they may now be seen.

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  • Winckler, The Tell el Asnarna Letters (Berlin, London and New York, I 896).

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  • El Hami.

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  • frontier of the Sinai peninsula was taken to be a line running in a south-easterly direction from Rafa, a place on the Mediterranean, east of El Arish, to the head of the gulf of Akaba.

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  • In view of the rumours current, Sir Eldon Gorst, in the form of an interview in El Mokatlam, a widely read native paper, restated (October 1908) the British view as to the occupation of the country and the demand for a parliament.

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  • Payara and Birket in Kordofan quickly fell, and a few days before the battle of Tell-el-Kebir was fought, the mahdi, with a large force, was besieging El Obeid.

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  • Early in November the force from Khartum was caught by the mahdists short of water at Kashgil, near El Obeid, and was almost totally destroyed, Colonel Hicks, with all his European officers, perishing.

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  • The tragedy of Kashgil was repeated on the 4th of February 1884, when General Bakers heterogeneous force, on the march from Trinkitat to Tokar, was routed at El Teb by an inferior body of tribesmen.

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  • Public opinion in England was strongly O,~~iam~ impressed by the fact that the Egyptian garrisons of batEles of Tokar and Sinkat were perishing within striking dis- El Teb and Lance of the Red Sea littoral.

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  • on the 29th the force advanced towards Tokar in square, and came under fire at 11.20 AM, from the enemy entrenched at El Teb.

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  • was slain in January 1885, replaced Mahommed el Kheir as commander of the force for the conquest of Egypt, and brought large reinforcements to Dongola.

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  • Darfur and Kordofan.On the outbreak of the mahdis rebellion Slatin Bey was governor of the province, and when Madibbo, the insurgent sheikh of Rizighat, attacked and occupied Shakka and was following up his success, Slatin twice severely defeated him, and, having concentrated his forces at El Fasher, repulsed the enemy again at Om Shanga.

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  • In January 1884 Zogal, the new dervish amir of the province, attacked El Fasher, where Said Bey Guma and an Egyptian garrison 1000 strong with 10 guns was still holding out, and captured it.

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  • Yusef was joined in 1887 by Sultan Zayid, the black ruler of Jebel Marra, and Karamallas trusted general, Ketenbur, was defeated with great slaughter at El Towaish on the 29th of June 1887.

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  • He forced back the Darfurians near Dara on the 26th of December, routed Zayid in a second battle, entered El Fasher, and, in 1888, became complete master of the situation, the two sultans being killed.

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  • from El Fasher, and almost annihilated it on the I 6th of October 1888; and a week later another large force of Osman Adam met with the same fate at the same place.

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  • He again advanced to El Fasher in February 1889, but was seized with smallpox.

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  • His army, however, under Fiki Adam, fought a fierce battle close to El Fasher on the 22nd, which resulted in its defeat and dispersion, and Abu Gemaiza himself dying the following day, the movement collapsed.

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  • Two years later a saint of Sokoto, Abu Naal Muzil el Muhan, collected many followers and for a time threatened the khalifas power, but the revolt gradually died out.

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  • He occupied Abu Klea wells and Metemma; recalled the amir Ibrahim Khalil, with 4000 men, from the Ghezira; brought to Omdurman thc army of the west under Mahmudsome 10,000 men; entrusted the line of the AtbaraEd Darner, Adarama, Asubri and El Fasherto Osman Digna; constructed defences in the Shabluka gorge; and personally superintended the organization and drill of the forces gathered at Orndurman, and the collection of vast stores of food and supplies of camels for offensive expeditions.

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  • These troops were at once despatched to capture the dervish posts at Asabri and El Fasher, which they did with small loss.

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  • The sirdar took up a position at Ras el Hudi, on the Atbara.

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  • On the 13th November the amir Ahmed Fedil debouched on the river at El Alub, but retired on finding Colonel Lewis with a force in gunboats.

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  • el Taaisha, unable to rally his men, gathered many of his principal amirs around him, among whom were his sons and brothers, Ali Wad Held, Ahmed Fedil, and other well-known leaders, and they met their death unflinchingly from the bullets of the advancing Sudanese infantry.

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  • In 1908 two companies, under the protection of El Roghi, a chieftain then ruling the Riff region, started mining lead and iron some 15 m.

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  • See also Rafael Contreras, La Alhambra, El Alcdzar, y la gran Mezquita de Occidente (Madrid, 1885); The Alhambra, by Washington Irving, was written in 1832, and rewritten in 1857, when it had already become widely celebrated for its picturesque and humorous descriptions.

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  • A powerful fleet was built up under several " admirals," or emirs," of whom the greatest was George of Antioch, formerly in the service of the Moslem prince of El Mehdia.

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  • Thence the Greeks named it Abydos, like the city on the Hellespont; the modern Arabic name is Arabet el Madfuneh.

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  • Later excavations have been recorded by Ayrton, Abydos, iii.; Maclver, El Amrah and Abydos; and Garstang, El Arabah.

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    0
  • On the eve of that council he published at Naples his Causa El onorii Papae, which aimed at demonstrating the moral and historical impossibility of papal infallibility.

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  • His principal works are El Heroe (1630), which describes in apophthegmatic phrases the qualities of the ideal man; the Arte de ingenio, tratado de la Agudeza (1642), republished six years afterwards under the title of Agudeza, y arte de ingenio (1648), a system of rhetoric in which the principles of conceptismo as opposed to culteranismo are inculcated; El Discreto (1645), a delineation of the typical courtier; El Oraculo manual y arte de prudencia (1647), a system of rules for the conduct of life; and El Criticon (1651-1653-1657), an ingenious philosophical allegory of human existence.

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  • The only publication which bears Gracian's name is El Comulgatorio (1655); his more important books were issued under the pseudonym of Lorenzo Gracian (possibly a brother of the writer) or under the anagram of Gracian de Marlones.

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