The woollen manufactures of Kendal have been noted since 1331, when Edward III.
The great naval battle of Sluys, in which Edward III.
In the time of Edward III.
The chief Lenten food from the earliest days was fish, and entries in the royal household accounts of Edward III.
It was greatly improved in the reign of Edward III.
The gild, to which both sexes were admitted, was in existence early in the 13th century, and it was incorporated by a charter from Edward III.
We are informed that Fordun's patriotic zeal was roused by the removal or destruction of many national records by Edward III.
In 1327 Edward III.
A fair and a market on Wednesday weregranted by Edward III.
On the accession of Edward III.
The mission which he undertook with his chancellor for this purpose (1362-1365) only produced a crop of promises or excuses from sovereigns like Edward III.
Marsden, that it was established as a civil court by Edward III.
In 1328 Edward III.
(1304) granted the pesage of tin, and Edward III.
and through his father a great-grandson of Philip III., having thus a better claim to the throne of France than Edward III.
1407), an eminent military commander in the French wars of Edward III.
In the 14th and 15th centuries Winchelsea was frequently attacked by the French, and in 1350 Edward III.
granted a number of exemptions to Cardiff and other towns in South Wales, and this grant was confirmed by Edward III.
Andrew and Nicholas lasting for eight days, but Edward III.
Further annual fairs were granted by Edward III.
Enguerrand VII., sire de Coucy, count of Soissons and Marle, and chief butler of France, was sent as a hostage to England, where he married Isabel, the eldest daughter of King Edward III.
It shared the privileges of the Cinque Ports, whose liberties were exemplified at the request of the barons of Folkestone by Edward III.
in 1302, and confirmed by Edward III.
The Lord Mayor (q.v.) is elected by the Court of Aldermen from two aldermen nominated in the Court of Common Hall by the Livery, an electorate drawn from the members of the ancient trade gilds or Livery Companies (q.v.), which, through their control over the several trades or manufactures, had formerly an influence over the government of the city which from the time of Edward III.
This was the Abbey of St Mary Graces, East-Minster or New Abbey without the walls of London, beyond Tower Hill, which Edward III.
Dr Jessopp gives a vivid picture of what occurred when King Edward III.
A claim has been set up for Thomas Legge, mayor for the second time in 1354, that he was the first lord mayor, but there is positively no authority whatever for this claim, although it is boldly stated that he;was createdlord mayor by Edward III.
The number of members of the common council varied greatly at different times, but the right to determine the number was indirectly granted by the charter of Edward III.
Banished from France for this crime (1322), Robert of Artois took refuge in England, where he became earl of Richmond, and incited Edward III.
But misfortunes fell on the city: Edward III.
As a port, moreover, it subsequently rose into some importance, for it was able to supply eight ships and men to the expedition of Edward III.
It was besieged in 1346, after the battle of Crecy, by Edward III.
Not long after Edward III.
- The two chief modern lives of Edward III.
Mackinnon's History of Edward III.
John I., sometimes surnamed "the Great," and sometimes "father of his country," died on the iith of August 1433, in the forty-eighth year of a reign which had been characterized by great prudence, ability and success; he was succeeded by his son Edward or Duarte, so named out of compliment to Edward III.
LANCASTER The name House of Lancaster is commonly used to designate the line of English kings immediately descended from John of Gaunt, the fourth son of Edward III.
If not, Henry could say with truth that he was the direct heir of his grandfather, Edward III.
9), and it seems to have continued without any marked alteration during the reigns of Edward III.
The use of crowns by dukes originated in 1362, when Edward III.
Ilchester was the centre of the county administration from the reign of Edward III.
The charter of Henry I., although no longer extant, is quoted in later confirmation charters of Richard I., Henry III., Edward III.
It is of considerable antiquity, and received a grant for a market and fair in the 7th year of Edward III.
frequently refer to wool, and Flemish weavers settled in the Weald in the time of Edward III.
He filled other important positions, served Edward III.
By the 13th century it was a great commercial centre second only to London in paying £780 for two years to the fifteenth levied in 1205, and Edward III.
Under Edward III.
A favourable opportunity, however, did not arise until after the death of King Robert the Bruce in 1329, when Edward III.
He then acknowledged Edward III.
After making an absolute surrender of Scotland to Edward III.
When this charter was confirmed by Edward III.
1381), archbishop of Canterbury, was born at Sudbury in Suffolk, studied at the university of Paris, and became one of the chaplains of Pope Innocent VI., who sent him, in 1356, on a mission to Edward III.
Dartford was the scene, in 1235, of the marriage, celebrated by proxy, between Isabella, sister of Henry III., and the Emperor Frederick II.; and in 1331 a famous tournament was held in the place by Edward III.
In 1335 Edward III.
The Dominican Abbey, of the 13th century, has Early English remains of great beauty and a tomb to Edmund, the last of the White Knights, a branch of the family of Desmond intimately connected with Kilmallock, who received their title from Edward III.
In the 4th century Antwerp is mentioned as one of the places in the second Germany, and in the 11th century Godfrey of Bouillon was for some years best known as marquis of Antwerp. Antwerp was the headquarters of Edward III.
Taken by Edward III.
In 1361, when Edward III.
7 There has been a general tendency to ignore the extent to which the armies of Edward III.
But, however this may be, in the reign of Edward III.
It is from the reigns of Edward III.
This was supposed to have been in the mind of Edward III.
The queen consort, the wives and daughters of knights, and some other women of exalted position, were designated " Dames de la Fraternite de St George," and entries of the delivery of robes and garters to them are found at intervals in the Wardrobe Accounts from the 50th Edward III.
to Edward III.
3 Many sovereigns, too, both of England and of France, have been knighted after their accession to the throne by their own subjects, as, for instance, Edward III.
The tournament again, which for two centuries had been under the ban of the Church, was often almost as definitely discouraged by Edward III.
Owing to the victory of Edward III.
David, who had probably recognized Edward III.
In 1364 the Scottish parliament indignantly rejected a proposal to make Lionel, duke of Clarence, the next king; but David treated secretly with Edward III.
Charles of Blois, sustained by Philip VI., captured John of Montfort, who was supported by King Edward III.
In the olden times the Skinners' Company of the city of London was an association of furriers and skin dressers established under royal charter granted by Edward III.
This charter was confirmed by Edward III.
JOHN OF GAUNT LANCASTER, DUKE OF (1340-1399), fourth son of Edward III.
The situation was entirely altered by the death of Edward III.
In the latter part of the 13th century Ilfracombe obtained a grant for holding a fair and market, and in the reign of Edward III.
The 1283 charter was confirmed by Edward III.
But the pope was not The pope equally complaisant, and in 337 the emperor allied ~ himself with Edward III.
But in spite of this support Louis threw away his advantages; he abandoned Edward III.
Mons was the capital of the ancient countdom of Hainaut, well known in English history from the marriage of Edward III.
1349), lord chancellor to Edward III.
While the war with Scotland dragged on through the early years of the reign of Edward II., the fortification of Berwick was a matter of importance, and in 1317 the mayor and bailiffs undertook to defend it for the yearly sum of 6000 marks; but in the following year, "owing to their default," the Scots entered and occupied it in spite of a truce between the two kingdoms. After Edward III.
Edward I.), given to the Mortimers and to Leicester (under Edward III.
On the 23rd of November, at Roxburgh, Baliol acknowledged Edward III.
The struggle was now (1333) for Berwick, which was besieged by Edward III.
At Newcastle on the 12th of July Baliol surrendered to Edward III.
the southern shires of Scotland with their castles: he had already done homage for the whole of Scotland; and Edward III.
Randolph's daughter, too, the famous Black Agnes of Dunbar, brought over her wavering husband, the earl of March, to the side of the patriots, and there was a war of partisans, while Edward III.
Andrew Murray, March and a Douglas, the Black Knight of Liddesdale, went to her relief and slew Atholl: Edward III.
It is probable that he was intriguing for Baliol's restoration, and he certainly was securing the favour of Edward III.
A truce till 1354 was arranged between England, France and Scotland, while the country strove to raise the royal ransom, and David, who preferred English ways to those of his own kingdom, acknowledged Edward III.
In May 1363 David put down a rising headed by the Steward, and then, in October, went to London, where he and the earl of Douglas made arrangements by which the countries were to be united under Edward III.
This scheme would have saved Scotland from centuries of war and from a Stewart dynasty: there would have been a union of the crowns, as under James VI.; or (by an alternative plan of November, December 1363) a son of the king of England, not Edward III.
When the new reign opened, Edward III.
The culture of saffron was the most characteristic industry at Walden from the reign of Edward III.
He married (1) Sophia, heiress of Mechlin, and (2) in 1331 Eleanor, sister of Edward III.
The council of Oxford in 1222 ordered that his feast should be kept as a national festival; but it was not until the time of Edward III.
East Grinstead was included in a grant by Edward III.
It became the capital of lower Normandy, and in 13 4 6 was besieged and taken by Edward III.
Accused, probably without truth, of desertion at Neville's Cross, the Steward as heir-apparent was greatly chagrined by the king's proposal to make Edward III.
In 1337 King Edward III.
By a charter of Edward III.
Besides this charter Edward III.
of Castile after a celebrated siege of twenty months, which attracted crusaders from all parts of Europe; among them being the English earl of Derby, grandson of Edward III.
(1314), Edward III.
granted a three days' fair from the eve of St Wilfrid instead of the All Saints' fair, but in 1329 Edward III.
and Edward III.
At Bothal on the river (from which parish that of Ashington was formed) is the castle originally belonging to the Bertram family, of which Roger Bertram probably built the gatehouse, the only habitable portion remaining, in the reign of Edward III.
which broke out in Guienne in 1337,were the disputes arising in connexion with the French possessions of the English kings, in respect to which they were vassals of the kings of France; the pretensions of Edward III.
In 1346, while the French were trying to invade Guienne, Edward III.
In 1355 Edward III.
In 1369, on the pretext that Edward III.
Upon the death of Edward III.
The trading fraternities assumed generally the character of corporations in the reign of Edward III.
Pedro maintained friendly relations with England, where in 1352 Edward III.
tinder Edward III.
On the 21st of June 1377 Edward III.
in 1312 and Edward III.
in 1317 and another by Edward III.
of England, after concluding an alliance with Burgundy, resumed the pretensions of Edward III.
His wife was Jeanne of Valois, niece of the French king; in 1323 the emperor Louis the Bavarian wedded his daughter Margaret; and in 1328 his third daughter, Philippa of Hainaut, was married to Edward III.
He was succeeded by his son, William IV., who was the ally of his brother-in-law, Edward III.
His inheritance was claimed by his eldest sister, the empress Margaret, as well as by Philippa of Hainaut, or in other words, by Edward III.
Lydd was made a member of the Cinque Port of Romney, and in 1290 was granted the same liberties and free customs as the Cinque Ports on condition of aiding the service of its head-port to the crown with one ship. This charter was confirmed by Edward III.
But a succession through females could not reasonably have been objected to after Edward III.'s claim to the crown of France; and, apart from strict legality, the duke's claim was probably supported in the popular estimation by the fact that he was descended from Edward III.
The duke of Clarence had left two Genealogical Table Of The House Of York Edward III.
The woollen manufacture was the staple industry of the town from the reign of Edward III.
Since the reign of Edward III.
The treaty of Bretigny (1360), which fixed his ransom at 3,000,000 crowns, enabled him to return to France, but although he married his daughter Isabella to Gian Galeazzo Visconti of Milan, for a gift of 600,000 golden crowns, imposed a heavy feudal "aid" on merchandise, and various other taxes, John was unable to pay more than 400,000 crowns to Edward III.
For these services Edward III.
It was Philip, however, who actually began the war, by declaring Guienne and the other continental dominions of Edward III.
English He signed two successive treaties which gave such ravage advantageous terms to Edward III.
To complete the picture of the triumph of Edward III.
It invaded all the markets of western Europe, and became the prototype of the gold issues of the Netherlands, Scotland, and even parts of Germany It is in the latter years of Edward III.
For a few years after the peace of 1360 the political influence of Edward III.
His hereditary title indeed was imperfect; though he was the eldest descendant of Edward III.
He had resolved to adopt a plan of campaign second very different from those which Edward III.
He might have devoted himself to foreign politics and have rivalledthe exploits of Edward III.
There is certainly very little evidence of any general discontent among the rural population, such as had prevailed in the times of Edward III.
He did not take arms in his own cause, though after the house of York the house of Buckingham had the best claim to the throne, as representing Thomas of Woodstock, the youngest son of Edward III.
Through the providence of this Thomas the Berkeley estates were saved to the male line of his house, a fine levied in the twenty-third year of Edward III.
He fought in the naval fight off Sluys and in the one off Winchelsea in 1350; he led armies into Scotland, Gascony and Normandy, his exploits in Gascony in 1345 and 1346 being especially successful; he served frequently under Edward III.
1420), and through his mother, Anne, a daughter of Thomas of Woodstock, duke of Gloucester, was a descendant of Edward III.
Barnstaple was once famous for its woollen trade, now entirely declined, and as early as the reign of Edward III.
The story of the rediscovery of Madeira by the Englishman Robert Machim or Machin, eloping from Bristol with his lady-love, Anne d'Arfet, in the reign of Edward III.
The two great earldoms whose contests form a large part of the history of the south of Ireland were created by Edward III.
caused the town to be taken away from the burgesses "for certain causes," but it was restored to them by Edward III.
The charter of Edward III.
However, the Hundred Years War was not mainly caused by the pretensions of Edward III.
There was a natural rivalry between Edward III.
Flanders tired of it, but fortunately for Edward III.
had wished to destroy on account of his ambitions with regard to the duchy of Normandy, Edward III.
Financial and military preparations were made no less seriously when the harsh administration of the Black Prince, to whom Edward III.
Thanks to the prudent constable du Guesclin, sitting quietly at home he reconquered bit by bit what his predecessors had lost upon the battlefield, helm on head and sword in hand; and when he died in 1380, after the decease of both Edward III.
successor, had to contend with John of Gaunt, son of Edward III.
Charles of Navarre was now at open war with the regent; Edward III.
Negotiations were renewed in 1370 when Charles of Navarre did homage for his French possessions, though he was then considering an offensive and defensive alliance with Edward III.
With the object of preserving to England whatever advantages might accrue from her care and skill in breeding an improved stamp of horses, Edward III.
The wars of 1346 checked the improvement of horses, and undid much of what had been previously accomplished, for we read that the cavalry taken into France by Edward III.
The system was extended in the reign of Edgar, and it appears not to have been complete until the reign of Edward III.
- The principal records from which information may be gained as to the oldest parochial system in England are the records called Nomina villarum, the Taxatio papae Nicholai made in 1291, the Nonarum inquisitiones relating to assessments made upon the clergy, the Valor ecclesiasticus of Henry VIII., the lay subsidies from the reign of Edward III.
chivalry established in 1348 by Edward III.
It is the spiritual home of the Order of the Garter, the senior order of British chivalry established in 1348 by Edward III.
export of unwashed wool was prohibited by King Edward III.
knight of the shire in the latter years of Edward III.
In the time of Edward III the royal family watched processions in Cheapside from a balcony on the tower of St Mary's.
In the reign of Edward III.
Barnes's quaint History of Edward III.
Edmund was succeeded by Thomas, earl of Lancaster, who received a fresh grant of the stewardship to himself and the heirs of his body from Edward II.; and this earl it was who, during the weak administration of the lastmentioned king, first put forward in a celebrated tract the claim of the steward to be the second personage in the realm and supreme judge in parliament, a claim which finds some slight recognition in the preamble to the statute passed against the Despencers in the first year of Edward III.
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