Edom sentence example

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  • The Roman arms were not very successful, and King Aretas retained his whole possessions, including Damascus, as a Roman ' See Edom, and (for the view that Mal.
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  • The bitter invectives against Ammon, Moab, Edom, Philistia, Tyre, Sidon and Egypt, put into Yahweh's mouth, are based wholly on the fact that these peoples are regarded as hostile and hurtful to Israel; Babylonia, though nowise superior to Egypt morally, is favoured and applauded because it is believed to be the instrument for securing ultimately the prosperity of Yahweh's people.
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  • IDUMAEA ('160v saia), the Greek equivalent of Edom (aip), a territory which, in the works of the Biblical writers, is considered to lie S.E.
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  • 10) shows that Edom is the name of a divinity.
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  • The early history of Edom is hidden in darkness.
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  • The occupants of Edom during practically the whole period of Biblical history were the Bedouin tribes which claimed 1 A curious etymological speculation connects the name with the story of Esau's begging for Jacob's pottage, Gen.
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  • There was a king in Edom (Num.
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  • I I, 13), occupied Edom for six months and devastated it; it was garrisoned and permanently held by David (2 Sam.
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  • 20, 22), Edom was a dependency of Judah, ruled by a viceroy (i Kings xxii..
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  • The later history of Edom is curious.
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  • Both Moab and Ammon, as well as Edom, had their separate tribal deities.
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  • Chemosh (Moab) and Milk (Milcom), the god of Ammon, and in the case of Edom a deity known from the inscriptions as KOs (in Assyrian Kaus).
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  • p. 11 (Edom); and cf.
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  • Close relationship was recognized with the Aramaeans, with Edom, Moab and Ammon.
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  • Judah had natural connexions with Edom and southern Palestine; Israel was more closely associated with Gilead and the Aramaeans of the north.
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  • It is interesting to find that Hadad-nirari claims tribute from Tyre, Sidon and Beth-Omri (Israel), also from Edom and Palastu (Philistia).
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  • Moab was probably tributary; the position of Judah and Edom is involved with the chronological problems. According to the Judaean annals, the " people of Judah " set Azariah (Uzziah) upon his father's throne; and to his long reign of fifty-two years are ascribed conquests over Philistia and Edom, the fortification of Jerusalem and the reorganization of the army.
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  • It was at the holy well of Kadesh, in the sacred mounts of Sinai and Horeb, and in the field of Edom that the 1 Cf.
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  • In the south of the Sinaitic peninsula, remains have been found of an elaborate half-Egyptian, half-Semitic cultus (Petrie, Researches in Sinai, xiii.), and not only does Edom possess some reputation for " wisdom," but, where this district is concerned, the old Arabian religion (whose historical connexion with Palestine is still imperfectly known) claims some attention.
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  • But the proud Israelites did not remain submissive for long; Damascus had indeed fallen, but neither Philistia nor Edom had yet been crushed.
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  • At Sennacherib's approach, Ashdod, Ammon, Moab and Edom submitted; Ekron, Ascalon, Lachish and Jerusalem held out strenuously.
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  • Both Esar-haddon (681-668) and Assur-bani-pal (668 - c. 626) number among their tributaries Tyre, Ammon, Moab, Edom, Ascalon, Gaza and Manasseh himself,' and cuneiform dockets unearthed at Gezer suggest the presence of Assyrian garrisons there (and no doubt also elsewhere) to ensure allegiance.
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  • The land had not been devastated, and many gladly returned from their hiding-places in Moab, Edom and Ammon.
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  • presupposes the desolation after that disaster, and some traces of these families are found in Nehemiah's time; and while the traditions know of a separation from Edom (viz.
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  • When Edom is renowned for wisdom and a small Judaean family boasts of sages whose names have south Palestinian affinity (1 Chron.
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  • A definite series knows of an invasion and occupation by Edom (q.v.
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  • The Chaldeans alone destroyed Jerusalem (2 Kings xxv.); Edom was friendly or at least neutral (Jer.
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  • The glory of this victory was increased by the complete subjugation of Edom in a war conducted by Joab with characteristic severity (2 Sam.
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  • Some misunderstanding has been caused by the confusion of Edom (cis) and Aram (o,·) in viii.
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  • Moab, Ammon and Edom would appear to have been merely tributary, whilst in the north among his allies David could number the king of Hamath.
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  • 12, see Edom), and appear to have numbered among their divisions the Kenites.
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  • 4 seq., 19), pointing to the revolt of Edom under Joram (2 Kings viii.
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  • Edom's hostility to Judah was incessant, but the feud reached its full intensity only after the time of Deuteronomy (xxiii.
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  • In the time of Amos the slaves collected by Philistines and Tyr'ans were sold en masse to Edom, and presumably went to Egypt or Arabia,.
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  • Egypt and Edom, on the other hand, shall be desolate, because they have shed the blood of Yahweh's innocents.
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  • Compare the similar predictions against Edom, Isa.
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  • lx., with its ideal description of Jehovah's kingdom as including Gilead, Samaria, Moab, Edom and Philistia, though the ideal was not realized till the days of John Hyrcanus, would be quite appropriate in the mouth of a Maccabaean patriot.
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  • These two oracles agree in the elaborateness of their description of the fearful fate of the enemies of Yahweh (Babylon and Edom are merely representatives of a class), and also in their view of the deliverance and restoration of Israel as an epoch for the whole human race.
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  • He recovered Elath at the head of the Aelanitic Gulf, evidently in the course of a successful campaign against Edom (a possible reference in Isa.
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  • The internal disorders of the realm depicted by Micah are also prominent in Isaiah's prophecies; they were closely connected, not only with the foreign complications due to the approach of the Assyrians, but with the break-up of the old agrarian system within Israel, and with the rapid and uncompensated aggrandisement of the nobles during those prosperous years when the conquest of Edom by Amaziah and the occupation of the port of Elath by his son (2 Kings xiv.
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  • These apply, in various ways, the truth emphasized at the outset: Yahweh's love for Israel in contrast with his treatment of Edom (i.
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  • 2); and he superintended the campaign against Ammon and Edom (2 Sam.
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  • Nothing certain is known of the marauding bands sent against Jehoiakim; for Syrians (Aram) one would expect Edomites (Edom), but see Jer.
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  • 47) is followed by the revolt of Libnah (near Lachish) and Edom against his son Jehoram (2 Kings viii.
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  • In like manner, the conquests of Uzziah over Edom and allied tribes (2 Kings xiv.
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  • 6) find their sequel in the alliance of Samaria and Damascus against Ahaz, when Edom recovered its independence (so read for " Syria " in 2 Kings xvi.
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  • Its king Hanun had fled to Musri, but was pursued and captured; Ascalon, Judah and Edom appear in a list of tributaries.
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  • Judah, Edom and Moab were also involved, but submitted (711 B.C.).
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  • Gaza and Edom against Judah in Amos i.
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  • In the 7th century Gaza, Ascalon, Ashdod and Ekron were Assyrian vassals, together with Judah, Moab and Edom - in all, twenty-two kings of the " Hittites " - and the discovery of Assyrian contract-tablets at Gezer (c. 650) may indicate the presence of Assyrian garrisons.
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  • 2 In the prophetical writings the Philistines are denounced (with Ammon, Moab and Edom) for their vengeance upon Judah (Ezek.
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  • 7), and the Caphtorim drove out the aboriginal Avva from Gaza and district, as the Horites and Rephaim were displaced by Edom and Ammon (Deut.
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  • It is often supposed that the name of the king of Edom,4 Bela, son of Beor, is a corruption of Balaam, and that, therefore, one form of the tradition made him a king of Edom.
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  • 14-19, announces the coming of a king, possibly David, who shall conquer Edom and Moab.
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  • Amaziah, after defeating Edom (2 Chron.
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  • If these situations can with difficulty find a place in our picture of Solomon's might, it is clear that some of them form the natural introduction to the subsequent history, when his death brought internal discontent to a head, when the north under Jeroboam refused allegiance to the south, and when the divided monarchy enters upon its eventful career by the side of the independent states of Edom, Damascus and Phoenicia.
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  • Ammon, Moab, Edom and the queen of Sheba sent tribute, and Teima in northern Arabia was captured by the Assyrian troops.
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  • are on various foreign nations, Edom, Tyre, Egypt, &c. Prophecies of Israel's future restoration follow in chs.
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  • 22 seq., and on the Talmudic custom of applying to the Romans the references to Edom or Esau, see Jewish Ency.
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  • The popular view regarding Israel and Edom is expressed when the story makes Jacob a tent-dweller, and Esau a hunter, a man of the field.
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  • 40-45), an endeavour to pass Edom failed, and the people turned back to the Yam Suph (here at the head of the Gulf of Akabah) and proceeded up to the east of Edom and Moab.
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  • Two such still remain hard by the ruins of the royal sanctuary of Edom, overlooking Petra, and are obelisks in form, 18 ft.
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  • 6 the city is denounced for giving up Hebrew slaves to Edom.
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  • of Edom and S.
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  • The national traditions of Israel recognize a close relationship between Moab and Ammon, "sons" of Lot, and the "brothers" Esau (Edom) and Jacob (Israel), and Moab is represented as already a powerful people when Israel fled from Egypt (Exod.
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  • 14-18), or Israel was met by Edom with force (v.
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  • 19 seq.); consequently a great detour was made from Kadesh round by the south of Edom (Num.
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  • even seems to assume that the journey was made from Kadesh across the northern end of Edom.
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  • To the first great kings, Saul and David, are ascribed conquests over Moab, Ammon and Edom.
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  • At length he roused Mesha; and Moab, which had evidently retreated southwards towards Edom, now began to take reprisals.
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  • The king of Edom appears as an ally of Israel and Judah (contrast i Kings xxii.
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  • But the king of Moab's attempt to break through unto him suggests that in the original story (there are several signs of revision) Moab and Edom were in alliance.
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  • Singularly enough, Jehoram of Judah suffered some defeat from Edom at Zair, an unknown name for which Ewald suggested (the Moabite) Zoar (2 Kings viii.
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  • In fact, during the reign of Assur-bani-pal Moab played the vassal's part in helping to repulse the invasion of the Nabayati and nomads of Kedar, a movement which made itself felt from Edom nearly as far as Damascus.
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  • The relationship felt between Israel and the external states (Moab, Edom, and Ammon) is entirely justified.
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  • The numbers are comparatively large and possibly include forces from Tyre, Judah, Edom and Moab.
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  • Bib., s.v., and the articles EDOM, MIDIAN.
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  • I) began an intrigue with Moab, Edom, Ammon, Tyre and Sidon, which the prophet Jeremiah vigorously denounced (Jer.
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  • From the end of October 1861 to the beginning of March 1862 was spent by him in Egypt, from which he went over the desert of Sinai and of Edom to Syria, reaching Jerusalem on the 19th of April 1862.
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  • They are generally concealed by later deposits, but are exposed to view along the eastern margin of the Wadi Araba, at the foot of the plateau of Edom.
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  • In the midst of this series there is an inconstant band of fossiliferous limestone, which has been found in the Wadi Nasb and at other places on the southern border of et-Tih, and also along the western escarpment of the Edom plateau.
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  • Its stability and the necessary furtherance of commerce, usual among Oriental kings, depended upon the attitude of the maritime coast (Philistia and Phoenicia), Edom, Moab, Ammon, Gilead and the Syrian states; and the biblical and external records for the next four centuries (to 586) frequently illustrate situations growing out of this interrelation.
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  • (812-783) claims as tributary the land of Hatti, Amor, Tyre, Sidon, " the land of Omri " (Israel), Edom and Philistia.
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  • Judah itself was next involved in an anti-Assyrian league (with Edom, Moab and Philistia), but apparently submitted in time; nevertheless a decade later (70r), after the change of dynasty in Assyria, it participated in a great but unsuccessful effort from Phoenicia to Philistia to shake off the yoke, and suffered disastrously.3 With the crushing blows upon Syria and Samaria the centre of interest moves southwards and the history is influenced by Assyria's rival Babylonia (under Marduk-baladan and his successors), by north Arabia and by Egypt.
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  • in references to Ammon, Damascus and Hamath, and in Judaean relations with Philistia, Moab and Edom.
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  • (For the Edomite gods, see Edom.) The name is known in the form Ya'u in north Syria (8th century), and, so far as the Israelite kings are concerned, appears first in the family of Ahab.
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  • iii.);"(b) the gaps in the history between the fall of Samaria (722) and Jerusalem (586) to the rise of the hierocracy, and (c) the relation between the hints of renewed political activity in Zerubbabel's time, when the Temple was rebuilt (c. 520-516), and the mysterious catastrophe (with perhaps another disaster to the Temple), probably due to Edom, which is implied in the book of Nehemiah (c. 444).
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  • 5 It has long been agreed that biblical religion and history are indebted in some way to groups connected with Edom and North Arabia, and repeated endeavours have been made to explain the evidence in its bearing upon this lengthy period.
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  • of `Amr. 7 In the Old Testament popular feeling knows of two phases: Edom, the more powerful brother of Jacob (or Israel) - both could share in the traditions of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob - and the hatred of the treacherous Edom in the prophetical writings.
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  • Briinnow's great survey of Petra, with part of Moab and Edom.
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  • Hor; the latter is an unidentified site on the border of Edom (Num.
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  • Edom >>
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  • EDOM, the district situated to the south of Palestine, between the Dead Sea and the Gulf of `Akaba (Aelanitic Gulf), the inhabitants of which were regarded by the Israelites as a "brother" people (see EsAU).
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  • south of Beersheba (the southern end of Israel as opposed to Dan in the north), and the precise borders must always have been determined by political conditions: by the relations between Edom and its neighbours, Judah, the Philistine states, Moab, and the restless desert tribes with which Edom was always very closely allied.
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  • The northern part of Edom became known by a separate name as Gebalene (Gebal in Ps.
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  • Seir, a synonym for Edom, not to be confused with the Judaean locality (Josh.
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  • 10), has been identified with the modern es-Sarah, the hilly region to the south of Petra; though its use probably varied in ancient times as much as that of Edom certainly did.
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  • The sites of Teman and Dedan, which also were closely associated with Edom (Jer.
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  • The land of Edom is unfruitful and forbidding, with the notable exception of fertile districts immediately south of the Dead Sea and along its eastern border.
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  • Thus Edom formed a prominent centre for traffic from Arabia and its seats of culture to Egypt, the Philistine towns, Palestine and the Syrian states, and it enjoyed a commercial importance which made it a significant factor in Palestinian history.
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  • The earliest history of Edom is that of the "sand-dwellers," "archers" or Shasu (perhaps "marauders"), whose conflicts with ancient Egypt are not infrequently mentioned.
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  • Not only is Edom as a nation recognized as older than Israel, but a list of eight kings, who reigned before the Israelite monarchy, is preserved in Gen.
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  • Saul, the first king of Israel, conquered Edom (1 Sam.
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  • 47).3 Of the conquest of Edom by David, the first king of the united Judah and Israel, several details are given (2 Sam.
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  • 237), is Edom, Gar being the Eg.
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  • After the death of David he returned to Edom; if, as the narrative implies, he became a troublesome adversary to Solomon, nothing is known of his achievements, and if the royal trading-journeys from Ezion-geber were maintained, Edom could have done little.
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  • However, in the first half of the 9th century Edom was under the rule of Jehoshaphat of Judah, and this king together with Israel held Ezion-geber (r Kings xxii.
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  • But some catastrophe befell the fleet, and shortly afterwards Jehoshaphat's son Jehoram had to face a revolt in which Edom and the men of Libnah (the Philistines) were concerned.
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  • It was about this period that Israel had conquered Moab, thrusting it farther south towards Edom, and the subsequent success of Moab in throwing off the yoke, and the unsuccessful attempt of Jehoram of Israel to regain the position, may show that Edom was also in alliance with Moab.'
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  • In the time of Adad-nirari of Assyria (812-783 B.C.) Edom is mentioned as an independent tributary with Beth-Omri (Israel) and Palashtu (Philistia); the absence of Judah is perplexing.
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  • Amaziah of Judah had gained a signal victory over Edom in the valley of Salt (2 Kings xiv.
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  • Consequently it is uncertain whether Edom was the vassal of the next great Israelite king Jeroboam II., or whether the Assyrian evidence for its independent position belongs to this later time.
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  • However, Uzziah, a contemporary of Jeroboam II., and one of the most successful of Judaean kings, overcame Edom and its natural allies (2 Chron.
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  • The Assyrian inscriptions name as tributary kings of Edom, Kausmelek (time of Tiglath-Pileser IV.), Malik (?)-ram (701 B.C.), and Kaus-gabri (7th century).
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  • In the middle of the 7th century both Edom and Moab suffered from the restlessness of the desert tribes, and after another period of obscurity, they joined in the attempt made by Zedekiah of Judah to revolt against Nebuchadrezzar (Jer.
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  • In the last years before the fall of Jerusalem many of the Jews found a refuge in Edom (Jer.
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  • I I), although other traditions throw another light upon the attitude of Edom during these disasters.
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  • 7 seq.; the omission of Edom in xxiii.
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  • Subsequently Edom is execrated for revengeful attacks upon the Jews, and its speedy destruction is foretold; but the passages appear to be much later than the disaster of 587 B.C., and may even imply conditions after the restoration (Ob.
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  • 1-6), and the fate of Edom is still fresh in the mind of Malachi (i.
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  • The pressure of the Nabataeans forced Edom to leave its former seats and advance into the south of Judah with Hebron as the capital.
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  • It is hardly probable that there was enmity between Edom and Moab as 2 Kings iii.
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  • 1); for Edom in Moabite territory see above on Gen.
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  • See, for further history, Herod; Jews.4 Although but little is known of the inhabitants of Edom, their close relationship to Judah and their kinship with the surrounding tribes invest them with particular interest.
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  • The ties which united Lot (the "father" of Ammon and Moab), Ishmael, Midian and Edom (Esau) with the southern tribes Judah and Simeon, as manifested in the genealogical lists, are intelligible enough on geographical grounds alone, and the significance of this for the history of Judah and Palestine cannot be ignored.
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  • Many motives have worked to bring these legends into their present form, and while they depict the character of Israel's wilder neighbours, they represent the recurrent alternating periods of hostility and fellowship between it and Edom which mark the history.
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  • Esau (Edom) although the older, loses his superiority, and if the oracles declare that the elder shall serve the younger (Jacob, i.e.
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  • As an enemy, Edom in alliance with the tribes along the trade-routes (Philistines, Moabites, &c.) was responsible for many injuries, and in frequent forays carried away Judaeans as slaves for Gaza and Tyre (Am.
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  • 16, read "Edom" for "Aram"), and Judah and Israel as well as Gaza and Damascus enjoyed the fruits of its commerce.
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  • The names Esau and Edom are possibly old divine names; see ESAU and Ency.
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  • " Obed-edom" (the name appears to mean "servant of Edom").
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  • Musri) was applied to Edom.
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  • For Edom see, generally, Buhl, Gesch.
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  • Edom rejoiced in her ruin (Ezek.
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  • The last word is woe for Edom.
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  • (1) A capital of Edom (Gen.
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  • It was now the turn of the Arabs, some of whom had been in Babylon during the siege, while others had occupied themselves in plundering Edom, Moab and the Hauran.
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  • MOUNT HOR (iv), the scene in the Bible of Aaron's death, situated "in the edge of the land of Edom" (Num.
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  • the Arabic `Abdallah, Taimallat, 'Abd Man - at, &c., the Hebrew Abdiel and Obed Edom, and many Phoenician forms. "The vision of Obadiah" bears no date, or other historical note, nor can we connect Obadiah the prophet with any other Obadiah of the Old Testament,' and our only clue to the date and composition of the book lies in internal evidence.
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  • The prophecy is directed against Edom.
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  • Edom shall be not only plundered but utterly undone and expelled: from his borders, and this he shall suffer (through his own folly) at the hand of trusted allies (vers.
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  • the house of Jacob shall regain their old possessions; Edom shall be burned up before them as chaff before the flame; they shall spread over all Canaan, over the mountain of Esau and the south of Judah, as well as over Gilead and the Philistine and Phoenician coast.
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  • The most obvious evidence of date lies in the cause assigned for the judgment on Edom (vers.
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  • The calamity of Jerusalem can only be the sack of the city by Nebuchadrezzar (586 B.C.); the malevolence and cruelty of Edom on this occasion are characterized in similar terms by several writers of the exile or subsequent periods, but by none with the same circumstance and vividness of detail as here (Ezek.
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  • The prominence given to Edom, and the fact that Chaldea is not mentioned at all, make it probable that the passage was not written in Babylonia.
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  • that the prophecy was written at some time of ter 586 B.C., at a period when misfortunes incurred by Edom were interpreted as a Divine judgment on its unforgotten treachery in that year of tragedy.
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  • In Jeremiah the picture is vague, and Edom's unwisdom (ver.
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  • Edom is attacked by his own allies, and his folly appears in that he exposes himself to such treachery.
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  • 7) upon Edom, which had resulted, by 312 B.C. at latest, in the occupation by Arabs of Petra, the chief city of the Edomites (Wellhausen, p. 214).
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  • But the desolation of Edom has already been accomplished in the time of Malachi i.
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  • The restoration of the old borders of Israel and the conquest of Edom and the Philistines are ideas as old as Amos ix., Isa.
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  • The chief interest of the book of Obadiah lies in its references to the historical relations between Israel and Edom.
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  • For a sketch of the history of the Edomites, see Noldeke's article "Edom" in the Ency.
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  • He was so called because he was red (admoni) and hairy when he was born, and the name Edom (red) was given to him when he sold his birthright to Jacob for a meal of red lentil pottage (Gen.
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  • 20 sqq., and more especially Edom ibid.
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  • 8, Edom, xlix.
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  • ii.) belong to a large group of prophecies against certain historic enemies (Edom included) who are denounced for their contempt, hostility and intrusion.
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  • xxxii., for example, looks upon Edom and Sidon as dead), and while the continued revision of the book allows the presumption that the tradition ascribing its inception to the time of Josiah may be authentic, it is doubtful how much of the original nucleus can be safely recognized.
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  • "The generations of Esau, the same is Edom," provide much valuable material for the study of Israel's rival (xxxvi.).
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  • The interest of the struggles between Jacob and Esau lay, not in the history of individuals of the distant past, but in the fact that the names actually represented Israel and its near rival Edom.
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  • Nevertheless, some allusion to national fortunes is reflected in the exaltation of Jacob (Israel) over Esau (Edom), and in the promise that the latter should break the yoke from his neck.
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  • The Edomite genealogies (xxxvi.) represent a more extensive people than the references in the popular stories suggest, and the latter by no means indicate that Edom had so important a career as we actually gather from a few allusions to its kings (xxxvi.
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  • Particular attention is paid to Edom and Jacob, and there is good evidence for a close relationship between Edomite and allied names and those of South Palestine (including Simeon and Judah).
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  • 3 The same obscure period witnessed the advent of southern families, 4 the revival of the Davidic dynasty and its mysterious disappearance, the outbreak of fierce hatred of Edom, the return of exiles from Babylonia, the separation of Judah from Samaria and the rise of bitter anti-Samaritan feeling.
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  • Palestinian groups (Edom, Ishmael, &c.; cf.
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  • Meyer, p. 446), there are many allusions to subsequent treacherous attacks which made Edom execrable.
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  • Here again biblical criticism cannot at present determine precisely when or precisely why the changed attitude began; see Edom; Jews, §§ 20, 22.
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  • This statement, it should be noticed, has been questioned by some modern historical and textual critics, who believe that "Syria" (Hebrew Aram) is here a corruption for "Edom."
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  • Ashdod, Ammon, Moab and Edom now submitted, but Hezekiah of Judah with the dependent Philistine princes.
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  • With a dock worker, PC EDOM recovered the man from the dock and performed artificial respiration.
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  • Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, and the Psalmist have a kindred burthen for Edom.
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  • Others suggest that it refers to the mineral-rich red mountains nearby which are called harei Edom.
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  • Ancient Edom also had a major seaport near Aqaba for trade along the Red Sea.
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  • Petra (q.v.) or Sela` was the ancient capital of Edom; the Nabataeans must have occupied the old Edomite country, and succeeded to its commerce, after the Edomites took advantage of the Babylonian captivity to press forward into southern Judaea.'
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  • The following chapters (xxxiv.- xxxix.) are devoted to reconstruction: Edom, the detested enemy of Israel, is to be crushed; the nation, politically raised from the dead, with North and South united (xxxvii.), is to be established under a Davidide king; a final assault, made by Gog, is to be successfully met, 4 and then the people are to dwell in their own land in peace for ever; this Gog section is regarded by some as the beginning of Jewish apocalyptic writing.
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  • (a) Both Moab and Ammon as well as Edom had their separate tribal deities, viz.
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  • This is characteristically expressed when Esau, the ancestor of Edom, is represented as the brother of Jacob, or when Moab and Ammon are the children of Lot, Abraham's nephew (see Genealogy: Biblical).
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  • A series of campaigns against Edom, Moab, Ammon and the Aramaean states, friendly relations with Hiram of Tyre, and the recognition of his sovereignty by the king of Hamath on the Orontes, combine to portray a monarchy which was the ideal.
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  • The popular story of Jehoram's campaign against Moab, with which Edom was probably allied (see MoAn), hints at a disastrous ending, and the Judaean annals, in their turn, record the revolt of Edom and the Philistine Libnah (see Philistines), and allude obscurely to a defeat of the Judaean Jehoram (2 Kings viii.
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  • Only the babe Jehoash was saved, and he remained hidden in the Temple adjoining the palace itself, The queen, Athaliah, despite the weak state of Judah after the revolt in Philistia and Edom, actually appears to have maintained herself for six years, until the priests slew her in a conspiracy, overthrew the cult of Baal, and crowned the young child.
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  • He defeated Edom in the Valley of Salt, and hence it is conceivable that Amaziah's kingdom extended over both Edom and Philistia.
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  • In the subsequent disasters of Israel (§ 15) we may perceive the growing supremacy of Judah, and the Assyrian inscriptions clearly indicate the dependence of Judaean politics upon its relations with Edom and Arab tribes on the south-east and with Philistia on the west.
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  • Ashdod openly revolted and found support in Moab, Edom, Judah, and the still ambiguous "Egypt."
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  • II, see above) as contrasted with the frequent prophecies against Ammon, Moab and Edom which seem to be contemporary (see Edom; MoAB).
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  • stories of Jacob and his " brother " Esau), elsewhere Edom is frequently denounced for unbrotherly conduct in connexion with some disaster which befell Jerusalem, apparently long after 586 B.C. (see § 22).'
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  • Allusions to Judah's sufferings at the hands of Edom, Moab and Ammon often imply conditions which are not applicable to 586.
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  • In the book of Joel there are only scanty allusions to Phoenicians, Philistines, Egypt and Edom, couched in terms applicable to very different ages, while the prophet's own people are exhorted to repentance without specific reference to any of those national sins of which other prophets speak.
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  • Gaza, the most southerly and famous of the Philistine towns, was the terminus of the great caravan-route from Edom and south Arabia, with whose Bedouin it was generally on good terms. It was " the outpost of Africa, the door of Asia " (G.
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  • This Musri appears to have been a district outside the limits of Egypt proper, and although tribes of the Delta may well have been concerned, its relations to Philistia agree with the independent biblical account of the part played previously by Edom and Arabian tribes (see MIzRAIM).
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  • claimed tribute from Edom, Philistia and Beth-Omri (the Israelite kingdom); the curious omission of Judah has suggested that it was then included with the second or third of these (see Jews, § 1 2).
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  • On David's death he returned and ruled over Edom, thus not merely controlling the port of Elath and the trade-routes, but even (according to the Septuagint) oppressing Israel (xi.
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  • In the next year Edred himself went to Tanshelf, near 4 For the Jewish hatred of Edom in later times see the book of Enoch lxxxix.
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  • Allowance must be made for the shifting of boundaries or of spheres of influence (Egypt, Edom, Moab), for the incorporation of tribes and of their own tribal traditions, and in particular for other movements (e.g.
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  • (See The Exodus.) Messengers to Edom were repulsed (Num.
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  • 5, some MSS.), or of Aram or of Edom (see Cheyne, Ency.
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  • is to be referred to this age, its people fled southwards and appealed for protection to the overlord of Edom (see UzzIAH).
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  • (See Palestine: History.) Moab shares with Ammon and Edom in the general obscurity which overhangs later events.
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  • Judah, towards the close of the 8th century, was obviously very closely bound up with Philistia, Edom and Egypt; and this and Hezekiah's dealings with the anti-Assyrian party at Ekron do not indicate that any feeling of national exclusiveness, or any abhorrence of the 4 W.
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  • the hostility of Edom in exilic and postexilic times (p. 878, col.
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  • In view of the evidence for the advanced culture of early Arabia, the question of Edom is extremely suggestive, and although speculation at this stage would be premature, it is interesting to observe that Edomite and allied tribes were famed for their wisdom,' and that apart from the possibility of Arabian influence upon Israelite culture, the influence of Midian and related tribes is certain from the traditions of Moses and of his work (see Jethro; Kenites; Moses), and the Edomite district was a traditional home of Yahweh himself (Deut.
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  • where the context shows that the " enemies " are not the Chaldeans, but Judah's ill neighbours, Edom, Ammon, Moab and the rest (cf.
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  • The traditions agree in representing the kin of Moses as related to the mixed tribes of the south of Palestine (see Edom) and in ascribing to the family an important share in the early development of the worship of Yahweh.
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  • They furnish what must have been a satisfactory origin of the names Edom, Moab and Ammon, Mahanaim and Succoth, Bethel, Beersheba, &c. They explain why Shechem, Bethel and Beersheba were ancient sanctuaries (see further below); why the serpent writhes along the ground (iii.
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  • (See Philistines.) The problem is complicated by the obscurity which overhangs the history of south Palestine and the Delta (see Edom; Midian).
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