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earthquakes

earthquakes Sentence Examples

  • The earth in flames, with earthquakes swallowing whole towns and buildings burning.

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  • Much damage has been done by earthquakes from time to time.

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  • The eruptions of 1868, 1887 and 1907 were attended by earthquakes; in 1868 huge sea waves, 40 ft.

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  • Earthquakes are not uncommon in the volcanic areas.

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  • Earthquakes are not uncommon in the volcanic areas.

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  • As a stratigraphical geologist he rendered much assistance on the Geological Survey of France, but in the course of time he gave his special attention to the study of volcanic phenomena and earthquakes, to minerals and rocks; and he was the first to introduce modern petrographical methods into France.

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  • Noteworthy earthquakes are rare.

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  • Sacked by Genseric in 4J5, and by the Saracens in 806 and 904, captured by Manfred in the 13th century, and damaged by earthquakes in the 15th and 16th, Nola lost much of its importance.

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  • But it was a flourishing and beautiful city when in 1908 one of the most disastrous earthquakes ever recorded destroyed it totally.

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  • Owing to the frequency of earthquakes, many houses were built of wood, and in 1847 fully a quarter of the city was laid waste by fire.

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  • Though Rhodes continued a free town for another century, its commercial prosperity was crippled and a series of extensive earthquakes after A.D.

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  • 638, Beroea disappears, and as Moslem society settles down Halep emerges again as the great gathering-place of caravans passing from Asia Minor and Syria to Mesopotamia, Bagdad and the Persian and Indian kingdoms. Like Antioch it suffered from earthquakes, and late in the 12th century, after a terrible shock, had to be rebuilt by Nur ed-Din.

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  • But neither earthquakes nor the plague, to which it was also peculiarly liable, could divert trade and prosperity from it.

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  • In 1868 the town was nearly destroyed by an earthquake, in 1875 by fire, and again in 1877 by earthquakes, a fire and a tidal wave.

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  • In 1868 the town was nearly destroyed by an earthquake, in 1875 by fire, and again in 1877 by earthquakes, a fire and a tidal wave.

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  • Earthquakes, and a fire in 1901, have done considerable damage to the town.

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  • It was greatly damaged in the earthquakes of 1582, 1609, 1784 and 1868, particularly in the last.

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  • This represents the second advent as heralded by a succession of signs which are unmistakable precursors of its appearance, such as wars, earthquakes, famines, the destruction of Jerusalem and the like.

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  • There were destructive earthquakes in 16 75, 1679, 1766 and 1852.

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  • She was worshipped, under the form of a conical stone, in an open-air sanctuary of the usual Cypriote type (not unlike those of Mycenaean Greece), the general form of which is known from representations on late gems, and on Roman imperial coins;' its ground plan was discovered by excavations in 1888.2 It suffered repeatedly from earthquakes, and was rebuilt more than once; in Roman times it consisted of an open court, irregularly quadrangular, with porticos and chambers on three sides, and a gateway through them on the east.

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  • The Western Cordillera, overhanging the Peruvian coast, contains a long line of volcanic mountains, most of them inactive, but their presence is probably connected with the frequent and severe earthquakes, especially in the southern section of the coast.

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  • But of earthquakes proper, large or small, she has an exceptional abundance.

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  • Submarine earthquakes are in some parts sufficiently frequent and violent as seriously to interfere with the working of telegraph cables.

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  • "We had a lot of earthquakes," said Dorothy.

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  • On the 24th of August 79 ri he earthquakes, which had been growing more violent, culmi- 11

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  • ,fter a series of earthquakes lasting for six months and gradu- ~

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  • The numerous earthquakes from which the city had suffered, notably that in 1783, had left it few remains of antiquity.

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  • The jinrikisha, drawn by one man or sometimes two men, which were formerly the chief means of passenger conveyance, have notably decreased in number since the introduction of the trams. Tokyo has often experienced earthquakes, and more than once has suffered from severe shocks, which have hitherto prevented the erection of very large buildings.

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  • They may represent the gigantic forces of nature which appear in earthquakes and other convulsions, or the multitudinous motion of the sea waves (Mayer, Die Giganten and Titanen, 1887).

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  • Tremendous forces have been at work, suggesting earthquakes and eruptions; but really all is due to the chemical and mechanical action of water.

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  • The temple was probably thrown down by earthquakes in the 6th century A.D.

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  • The town has several times been almost destroyed by earthquakes - in 1170, 1287 and 1822.

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  • The town has several times been almost destroyed by earthquakes - in 1170, 1287 and 1822.

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  • The configuration seems to point to a colossal crater under the ocean, and many of the earthquakes which visit Japan appear to have their origin in this submarire region.

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  • " Only on the supposition that these volcanoes, which are on the surface connected by a skeleton of volcanic rocks, are also united under the surface by a chain of volcanic elements in continual activity, may we account for the earthquakes which in the direction mentioned cause the American continent, from the Gulf of Mexico to the Pacific Ocean, to oscillate at the same time " (Egloffstein, p. 37).

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  • American, and later Canadian, capital and enterprise have also been very largely concerned in the development of the country; and its progress was not permanently interfered with by the great earthquakes of April 1907 and July 1909 at Acapulco, and the floods in August 1909 at Monterey.

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  • The sierra region is largely volcanic and earthquakes are frequent; in the S.

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  • The displacement of the mountain block may still be in progress, for severe earthquakes have happened in the depression next east of the range; that of Owens Valley in 1870 was strong enough to have been very destructive had there been anything in the desert valley to destroy.

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  • The church, which was converted into a mosque by the Turks, was partly destroyed by earthquakes in 1818 and 1858.

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  • After all, you live in California in spite of the earthquakes.

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  • The city has often been visited by earthquakes.

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  • It is a town of unusually wide streets and one-storeyed adobe houses, being so laid out and built because of earthquakes.

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  • An effect of the greater tide-generating force will also be instability of the liquid magmas underlying volcanic areas, leading to violent eruptions and earthquakes.

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  • Ambato was destroyed by an eruption of Cotopaxi in 1698, and has been badly damaged two or three times by earthquakes.

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  • It was subject to frequent earthquakes.

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  • Strong evidence of this is afforded by the association of some of the depressions, notably the Japan Trench and the Atacama Trench, with the origin of frequent submarine earthquakes.

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  • Franklin wrote a paper on the causes of earthquakes for his Gazette of the 15th of December 1737; and he eagerly collected material to uphold his theory that waterspouts and whirlwinds resulted from the same causes.

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  • Earthquakes are rare on the mainland, but not infrequent in Bismarck and d'Entrecasteaux archipelagos.

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  • Earthquakes have also caused much damage to Popayan, especially those of 1827 and 1834.

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  • Tabriz has suffered much from earthquakes, notably in 858, 1042 and 1721, each time with almost complete destruction of the city.

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  • Throughout the volcanic area earthquakes and landslides are of frequent occurrence.

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  • KUCHAN, the capital of the district, has suffered much from the effects of earthquakes, notably in 1875, 1894 and 1895.

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  • Earthquakes are common throughout the greater part of the republic, especially on the western coast.

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  • It lies in the centre of a fertile district, but has no buildings of importance, as it has often been devastated by earthquakes.

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  • Arica at one time had a population of 30,000 and enjoyed much prosperity, but through civil war, earthquakes and conquest, its population had dwindled to 2853 in 1895 and 2824 in 1902.

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  • They split drought (Vritra) and bring rain, and cause earthquakes.

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  • The town suffered considerably from earthquakes in July and August 1909.

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  • On several occasions the city has been visited with destructive earthquakes; those of 1645 and 1863 were especially disastrous.

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  • It is especially liable to earthquakes.

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  • It has suffered much from earthquakes and has been extensively repaired.

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  • The buildings, which are of stone and sun-dried bricks, are mostly low, on account of the earthquakes which frequently disturb the region.

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  • This name was originally given to instruments designed to measure the movement of the ground during earthquakes (q.v.).

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  • Observations have shown that, in addition to the comparatively great and sudden displacements which occur in earthquakes, the ground is subject to other movements.

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  • Some of these, which may be called " earth-tremors," resemble earthquakes in the rapidity with which they occur, but differ from earthquakes in being imperceptible (owing to the smallness of the motion) until instrumental means are used to detect them.

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  • Earthquakes and earth-tremors grade into one another, and in almost every earthquake there is some tilting of the surface.

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  • First we will consider the types of apparatus which are used to record the rapid back-and-forth movements of earthquakes which can be distinctly felt and at times are even destructive.

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  • For small earthquakes, in which the movement is rapid, the bob of a very long and heavy pendulum will practically comply with these conditions.

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  • To measure vertical motion, which with the greater number of earthquakes is not appreciable, a fairly steady mass to which a multiplying light-writing index can be attached is ob tamed from a weight carried on a lever held by any form of spring in a horizontal position.

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  • We next turn to types of instruments employed to record earthquakes which have radiated from their origins, where they may 6.

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  • In these instruments the same principles are followed as in the construction of horizontal pendulums, the chief difference being that the so-called steady mass is arranged to have a much longer period than that required when recording perceptible earthquakes.

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  • Vicentini of Padua, will yield excellent diagrams of the gentle undulations of earthquakes which have originated at great distances, but for local disturbances, even if the bob of the pendulum acts as a steady point, the highly multiplied displacements are usually too great to be recorded.

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  • The chief function of the instrument is to measure slow displacements due to distant earthquakes.

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  • This instrument, which has a magnification of 2200, detects the slightest tremors, and is consequently most useful in recording earthquakes of distant origin; its high sensitiveness and complications, however, militate against its common use.

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  • That volcanic influences are still present may be inferred from the circumstance that the snow cap on Popocatepetl disappeared just before the remarkable series of earthquakes that shook the whole of central Mexico on the 30th and 31st of July 1909.

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  • Under the empire we chiefly hear of the earthquakes which shook Antioch.

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  • We hear also of especially terrific earthquakes on the 29th of November 528 and the 31st of October 588.

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  • 116-117; it also suffered repeatedly from earthquakes, and was wholly rebuilt by Constantius II.

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  • Earthquakes are frequent and sometimes severe in the Persian Gulf proper, especially on Qishm I.

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  • Earthquakes were thought to be produced by Poseidon shaking the earth - hence his epithet of Enosichthon, " Earth-shaker"- and hence he was worshipped even in inland places which had suffered from earthquakes.

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  • The agriculturist has many enemies to contend with, the tax-gatherer being perhaps the most deadly; and drought, earthquakes, rats and locusts have at all periods been responsible for barren years.

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  • The alluvial deposits prove depression in quite recent geological times; and within the Himalayan region earthquakes are still common, whilst in Peninsular India they are rare.

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  • The country around Mandalay, as well as the hill country to the north, has suffered from severe earthquakes, one of which destroyed Ava in 1839.

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  • Earthquakes are frequent and occasionally violent.

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  • In the seven years1902-1908the microseismograph at Manila recorded 796 local earthquakes.

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  • In the 47 years ending March 1909 the various regions of the archipelago were visited by about 60 strong earthquakes; 16 of these, in ten different regions, occurred in the decade from 1890 to 1900.

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  • There were border wars with rebellious savage tribes, attacks made by Chinese pirates seeking plunder or refuge, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, tornadoes and the periodical visits of marauders from the southern islands.

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  • It has frequently been injured by earthquakes.

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  • With this possible exception there are no active volcanoes in Korea, and the region has also been remarkably free from earthquakes throughout historic times.

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  • This lack of fountains is probably to be ascribed in part to the effect of earthquakes, which are not infrequent; that of 1769 continued for six whole days.

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  • Among the other indications of great geological disturbances on the Pacific Coast may also be mentioned the earthquakes to which California like the rest of the coast is liable.

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  • Holden, Recorded Earthquakes in California, Lower California, Oregon, and Washington Territory (California State University, 1887); United States Department Agriculture, Weather Bureau, Bulletins, No.

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  • The climate is hot, and earthquakes are frequent and sometimes violent.

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  • Earthquakes are felt at times on the Pacific slope, but in Nicaragua they are less violent than in the neighbouring countries.

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  • (1) See Noah Webster's History of Epidemic Diseases, 8vo (2 vols., London, 1800) (a work which makes no pretension to medical learning, but exhibits the history of epidemics in connexion with physical disasters - as earthquakes, famines, &c.); Lersch, Kleine Pest-Chronik (8vo, 1880) (a convenient short compendium, but not always accurate); "Athanasii Kircheri Chronologia Pestium" (to A.D.

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  • Earthquakes are frequent all over the peninsula, but especially in the south-east and west, where the Maeander valley and the Gulf of Smyrna are notorious seismic foci.

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  • Owing to the prevalence of earthquakes, private houses are usually of one storey only, and are built of sun-dried bricks, white-washed.

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  • Earthquakes are not uncommon.

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  • Assam is liable to earthquakes.

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  • His most important geological essay was that entitled Conjectures concerning the Cause and Observations upon the Phaenomena of Earthquakes (Phil.

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  • It was besieged by the Turks.in 1538 and 1657, visited by plague in 1572, and nearly destroyed by earthquakes in 1563 and 1667.

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  • Several hot springs occur, and earthquakes are not infrequent.

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  • The earthquakes of the present day show that the process is still in operation, and in time the deposits of the present IndoGangetic plain will be involved in the folds.

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  • Earthquakes had been common but of little importance in California until 1906.

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  • The revolt of the Jews under Trajan, and earthquakes in the time of Constantius and Constantine the Great helped in turn to destroy it.

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  • The popular belief in gods was attributed by Democritus to the desire to explain extraordinary phenomena (thunder, lightning, earthquakes) by reference to superhuman agency.

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  • Much injury was done by earthquakes in 1730 and 1859.

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  • Raised shore-lines, occasional earthquakes, and slow measurable elevation of the land about active volcanoes, indicate that elevation is now in progress, but the geological evidence shows no sign of former submergence of a connecting isthmus.

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  • Rovigno is the ancient Arupenum or Rubinum, and according to tradition it was originally built on an island, Cissa by name, which disappeared during the earthquakes about 737.

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  • There are numerous hot springs in Abyssinia, and earthquakes, though of no great severity, are not uncommon.

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  • Founded in 1534, it was four times destroyed by earthquakes between 1698 and 1798.

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  • Owing to frequent restorations occasioned by earthquakes, it now presents an incongruous mixture of different styles.

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  • It must not only be strong enough to sustain all possible vertical loads, but it must be sufficiently rigid to resist without deformation or weakening all lateral disturbing forces, the principal of which are the pressure of wind, the possible sway of moving crowds or moving machinery, and the vibration of the earth from the passage of loaded vans and trolleys, and slight earthquakes which at times visit almost all localities.

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  • high, is an active volcano, and its eruptions and earthquakes have frequently brought destruction, as notably in 1852, when the damage was chiefly due to a huge wave of the sea.

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  • It was temporarily ruined by earthquakes in 1854 and 1873.

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  • The Seychelles lie outside the track of the hurricanes which occasionally devastate Reunion and Mauritius and are also immune from earthquakes.

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  • Earthquakes are a much more familiar phenomenon, having occurred, according to the same authority, in 1523, 1526, 1605, 1652, 1677, 1681, 1684, 1702, 1704, 1725, 1742, 1816, 1817 and 1822.

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  • The cathedral, ruined by earthquakes, was restored in 1743-1749, but has some remains of its mosaic pavement (1178).

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  • a building material, owing to the prevalence of earthquakes, but brick and stone subsequently took its place in the construction of the principal buildings.

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  • Destructive waves, probably caused by distant earthquakes, called Seebciren (cf.

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  • In 1825 another volcanic eruption took place accompanied by earthquakes, and two hills were thrown up. The port of Naos on the south-east of the island affords safe anchorage.

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  • The effects produced by desiccating agencies are beyond all comparison more powerful than those which result from the earthquakes that are so frequent in Turkestan.

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  • All along the base of the highlands, from Khojent to Vyernyi, earthquakes are frequent; 3 but their effects lie beyond the scope of our observational methods.

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  • There have been no active volcanoes since the Pliocene Tertiary time, but the country is still subject to dangerous earthquakes.

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  • In 447 the wall of Anthemius was seriously injured by one of those earthquakes to which the city is liable.

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  • Earthquakes are frequent, especially in the districts which are peculiarly volcanic. Historical evidence goes to show that they are closely associated with three naturally defined regions: (I) the region between Skjalfandi and Axarfjdrllr in the north, where violent earth tremblings are extremely common; (2) at Faxafloi, where minor vibrations are frequent; (3) the southern lowlands, between Reykjanes and Myrdalsj6kull, have frequently been devastated by violent earthquake shocks, with great loss of property and life, e.g.

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  • The geysers and other hot springs are due to the same causes as the active volcanoes, and the earthquakes are probably manifestations of the same forces.

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  • Its ruins are of wide extent, but not of great beauty or interest; there is no doubt, however, that much has been buried beneath the surface by the frequent earthquakes to which the district is exposed (Strabo 580; Tac. Ann.

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  • It has been repeatedly damaged by earthquakes.

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  • Terrific storms sometimes break over the island; and it has been more than once visited by earthquakes.

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  • Earthquakes are common among the mountains, and the eastern lowlands are exposed to the great winds and sandstorms which sweep down the Alfdld.

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  • The climate of the plain was soft but healthy, though the country was subject to frequent earthquakes.

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  • Earthquakes of great violence were recorded in 1847 and 1881 (with tidal wave), and mild shocks were experienced in December 1899.

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  • The origin of this bitumen is disputed: it was supposed to be derived from subaqueous strata of bituminous marl and rose to the surface when loosened by earthquakes.

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  • But earthquakes are frequent and at times disastrous.

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  • It has suffered repeatedly from earthquakes, the greatest damage occurring from those of 1797 and 1859.

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  • On the Causes of Earthquakes (1755); Description of the Earthquake of 1 755 (1756); Consideration of some Recently Experienced Earthquakes (1756).

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  • The island is entirely volcanic and subject to earthquakes, and is fertile.

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  • His other publications included Pharmacopee universelle (1697), Traite universel des drogues simples (1698), Traite de l'antimoine (1707), together with a number of papers contributed to the French Academy, one of which offered a chemical and physical explanation of underground fires, earthquakes, lightning and thunder.

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  • The earth in flames, with earthquakes swallowing whole towns and buildings burning.

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  • After all, you live in California in spite of the earthquakes.

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  • The design can improved until the house is best able to withstand earthquakes.

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  • Meet the man who may have made a breakthrough in predicting earthquakes, and hear compelling stories from survivors and rescuers.

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  • We have gathered a data file of about 200 low frequency volcanic earthquakes at Torfajökull during the years 1996 to 2001.

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  • It is clear that seismic parameters, including the intermittency are very important in investigating the source of the low-frequency earthquakes.

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  • earthquakes of magnitude 7 or 7.5 in the past.

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  • exhumed from the depths where earthquakes are known to have nucleated?

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  • These have been earthquakes in Turkey, Greece and Taiwan, Can we view them as equally legitimate in requesting support.

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  • liquefaction phenomenon has been well observed in earthquakes elsewhere.

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  • This soil liquefaction phenomenon has been well observed in earthquakes elsewhere.

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  • magnitude of earthquakes, many centered in the localities of the wars and fighting.

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  • As it is built in a highly seismic zone, measures have been taken to improve the school's structural safety against earthquakes.

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  • It includes seismicity and seismic hazard maps, information on historical and recent earthquakes, and links to USGS fact sheets and geological information.

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  • It details seismicity and earthquakes in the US state of Georgia.

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  • Large scale global seismology has helped to identify areas at risk from earthquakes and tsunami.

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  • Professor James Jackson Geologist with an interest in earthquakes, using earthquake source seismology to examine how continents are deforming today.

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  • shaken by earthquakes.

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  • Waves move across the oceans, earthquakes produce shock waves and light can be thought of as traveling in waves.

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  • silicic magma generate flow banding and earthquakes?

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  • subduction zone earthquakes.

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  • tectonic earthquakes.

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  • Earthquake zones [175 k] But what was the significance of the connection between earthquakes and oceanic trenches and ridges?

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  • Submarine earthquakes are in some parts sufficiently frequent and violent as seriously to interfere with the working of telegraph cables.

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  • Though Rhodes continued a free town for another century, its commercial prosperity was crippled and a series of extensive earthquakes after A.D.

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  • The last of which we have any knowledge occurred in 1301, but the island was visited by earthquakes in 1881 and 1883, 1700 lives being lost in the latter year, when the town of Casamicciola on the nort of the island was almost entirely destroyed.

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  • Much damage has been done by earthquakes from time to time.

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  • The shores are covered with coral; earthquakes and tidal waves are frequent, the latter not taking the form of bores, but of a sudden steady rise and equally sudden fall in the level of the sea; the climate is rather tropical than temperate, but sickness is almost unknown among the residents.

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  • In 17 9 7 Perugia was occupied by the French; in 1832, 1838 and 18s4 it was visited by earthquakes; in May 1849 it was seized by the Austrians; and, after a futile insurrection in 1859, it was finally united, along with the rest of Umbria, to Piedmont, in 1860.

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  • An inundation of the Tiber swept away a large part of Rome, destroying fields, drowning cattle, and causing a famine (162); then came earthquakes, fires and plagues of insects; the soldiers in Britain tried to induce their general Statius Priscus to proclaim himself emperor; finally, the Parthians under Vologaeses III.

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  • Hot springs are unknown, and earthquakes are slight and rare.

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  • The city has often been visited by earthquakes.

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  • The disorders of the 14th century, however, the numerous earthquakes, and the Black Death, which had spread over the greater part of Europe, produced a condition of ferment and mystic fever which was very favourable to a recrudescence of morbid forms of devotion.

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  • The church, which was converted into a mosque by the Turks, was partly destroyed by earthquakes in 1818 and 1858.

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  • Earthquakes are not uncommon and sometimes severe.

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  • Earthquakes are not infrequent.

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  • These were at one time more numerous than at the present day; earthquakes and subsidence of foundations have brought many of them down, the latest to fall being the great tower of San Marco itself, which collapsed on July 14th, 1902.

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  • It is a town of unusually wide streets and one-storeyed adobe houses, being so laid out and built because of earthquakes.

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  • She was worshipped, under the form of a conical stone, in an open-air sanctuary of the usual Cypriote type (not unlike those of Mycenaean Greece), the general form of which is known from representations on late gems, and on Roman imperial coins;' its ground plan was discovered by excavations in 1888.2 It suffered repeatedly from earthquakes, and was rebuilt more than once; in Roman times it consisted of an open court, irregularly quadrangular, with porticos and chambers on three sides, and a gateway through them on the east.

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  • Earthquakes are still frequent along its shores.

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  • As a stratigraphical geologist he rendered much assistance on the Geological Survey of France, but in the course of time he gave his special attention to the study of volcanic phenomena and earthquakes, to minerals and rocks; and he was the first to introduce modern petrographical methods into France.

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  • Sacked by Genseric in 4J5, and by the Saracens in 806 and 904, captured by Manfred in the 13th century, and damaged by earthquakes in the 15th and 16th, Nola lost much of its importance.

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  • Noteworthy earthquakes are rare.

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  • The edifices in general are low, and are massively built with thick walls and domed ceilings to resist earthquakes, and lessen the danger from falling masonry.

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  • It was greatly damaged in the earthquakes of 1582, 1609, 1784 and 1868, particularly in the last.

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  • An effect of the greater tide-generating force will also be instability of the liquid magmas underlying volcanic areas, leading to violent eruptions and earthquakes.

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  • From the violence of tyranny, and the rapine of a disorderly banditti, by which this district long suffered, as well as from shocks of earthquakes, the villages have a ruinous and dilapidated appearance; and, with the exception of a few fields in their neighbourhood, the country presents a rocky and sandy waste, with in many places scarcely a show of vegetation.

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  • 638, Beroea disappears, and as Moslem society settles down Halep emerges again as the great gathering-place of caravans passing from Asia Minor and Syria to Mesopotamia, Bagdad and the Persian and Indian kingdoms. Like Antioch it suffered from earthquakes, and late in the 12th century, after a terrible shock, had to be rebuilt by Nur ed-Din.

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  • But neither earthquakes nor the plague, to which it was also peculiarly liable, could divert trade and prosperity from it.

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  • The sixth book is devoted to the explanation, in accordance with natural causes, of some of the more abnormal phenomena, such as thunderstorms, volcanoes, earthquakes, &c., which are special causes of supernatural terrors.

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  • This represents the second advent as heralded by a succession of signs which are unmistakable precursors of its appearance, such as wars, earthquakes, famines, the destruction of Jerusalem and the like.

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  • Ambato was destroyed by an eruption of Cotopaxi in 1698, and has been badly damaged two or three times by earthquakes.

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  • The Western Cordillera, overhanging the Peruvian coast, contains a long line of volcanic mountains, most of them inactive, but their presence is probably connected with the frequent and severe earthquakes, especially in the southern section of the coast.

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  • Since 1570 seventy violently destructive earthquakes have been recorded on the west coast of South America, but the register is incomplete in its earlier part.

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  • After centuries of quiescence the volcanic energy began again o manifest itself in a succession of earthquakes, which spread ci larm through Campania.

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  • On the 24th of August 79 ri he earthquakes, which had been growing more violent, culmi- 11

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  • ,fter a series of earthquakes lasting for six months and gradu- ~

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  • The configuration seems to point to a colossal crater under the ocean, and many of the earthquakes which visit Japan appear to have their origin in this submarire region.

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  • But of earthquakes proper, large or small, she has an exceptional abundance.

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  • Nevertheless the annals show that during the three centuries before 1897 there were 108 earthquakes sufficiently disastrous to merit historical mention.

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  • The numerous earthquakes from which the city had suffered, notably that in 1783, had left it few remains of antiquity.

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  • But it was a flourishing and beautiful city when in 1908 one of the most disastrous earthquakes ever recorded destroyed it totally.

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  • The jinrikisha, drawn by one man or sometimes two men, which were formerly the chief means of passenger conveyance, have notably decreased in number since the introduction of the trams. Tokyo has often experienced earthquakes, and more than once has suffered from severe shocks, which have hitherto prevented the erection of very large buildings.

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  • It was subject to frequent earthquakes.

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  • Earthquakes, and a fire in 1901, have done considerable damage to the town.

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  • Strong evidence of this is afforded by the association of some of the depressions, notably the Japan Trench and the Atacama Trench, with the origin of frequent submarine earthquakes.

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  • Franklin wrote a paper on the causes of earthquakes for his Gazette of the 15th of December 1737; and he eagerly collected material to uphold his theory that waterspouts and whirlwinds resulted from the same causes.

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  • Earthquakes are rare on the mainland, but not infrequent in Bismarck and d'Entrecasteaux archipelagos.

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  • Earthquakes have also caused much damage to Popayan, especially those of 1827 and 1834.

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  • Tabriz has suffered much from earthquakes, notably in 858, 1042 and 1721, each time with almost complete destruction of the city.

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  • Throughout the volcanic area earthquakes and landslides are of frequent occurrence.

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  • KUCHAN, the capital of the district, has suffered much from the effects of earthquakes, notably in 1875, 1894 and 1895.

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  • Earthquakes are common throughout the greater part of the republic, especially on the western coast.

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  • " Only on the supposition that these volcanoes, which are on the surface connected by a skeleton of volcanic rocks, are also united under the surface by a chain of volcanic elements in continual activity, may we account for the earthquakes which in the direction mentioned cause the American continent, from the Gulf of Mexico to the Pacific Ocean, to oscillate at the same time " (Egloffstein, p. 37).

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  • American, and later Canadian, capital and enterprise have also been very largely concerned in the development of the country; and its progress was not permanently interfered with by the great earthquakes of April 1907 and July 1909 at Acapulco, and the floods in August 1909 at Monterey.

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  • The displacement of the mountain block may still be in progress, for severe earthquakes have happened in the depression next east of the range; that of Owens Valley in 1870 was strong enough to have been very destructive had there been anything in the desert valley to destroy.

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  • It lies in the centre of a fertile district, but has no buildings of importance, as it has often been devastated by earthquakes.

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  • Arica at one time had a population of 30,000 and enjoyed much prosperity, but through civil war, earthquakes and conquest, its population had dwindled to 2853 in 1895 and 2824 in 1902.

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  • The sierra region is largely volcanic and earthquakes are frequent; in the S.

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  • They may represent the gigantic forces of nature which appear in earthquakes and other convulsions, or the multitudinous motion of the sea waves (Mayer, Die Giganten and Titanen, 1887).

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  • The eruptions of 1868, 1887 and 1907 were attended by earthquakes; in 1868 huge sea waves, 40 ft.

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  • Tremendous forces have been at work, suggesting earthquakes and eruptions; but really all is due to the chemical and mechanical action of water.

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  • They split drought (Vritra) and bring rain, and cause earthquakes.

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  • The temple was probably thrown down by earthquakes in the 6th century A.D.

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  • Owing to the frequency of earthquakes, many houses were built of wood, and in 1847 fully a quarter of the city was laid waste by fire.

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  • The town suffered considerably from earthquakes in July and August 1909.

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  • Earthquakes (not of a violent character within recent centuries, though the ruin of the Colosseum is probably to be ascribed to this cause) are not unknown even at the present day in Rome and in the Alban Hills, and a seismograph has been established at Rocca di Papa.

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  • Translucent oyster shells are a common substitute for glass; and the walls are whitewashed, but on account of the frequency of earthquakes are not plastered.

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  • south-east of the walled city, the number of perceptible earthquakes registered by seismograph between 1880 and 1897 inclusive was 221; the greatest numbers for any one year were 26 in 1882 and 23 in 1892, and the least, 5 in 1896 and 6 in 1889 and in 1894; the average number in each May was 1.44, in each July, 1.33, and in January and in February 0.72; the frequency is much greater in each of the spring summer months (except June, average 0.78) than in the months of autumn and winter.

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  • On several occasions the city has been visited with destructive earthquakes; those of 1645 and 1863 were especially disastrous.

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  • It is especially liable to earthquakes.

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  • It has suffered much from earthquakes and has been extensively repaired.

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  • There were destructive earthquakes in 16 75, 1679, 1766 and 1852.

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  • The buildings, which are of stone and sun-dried bricks, are mostly low, on account of the earthquakes which frequently disturb the region.

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  • This name was originally given to instruments designed to measure the movement of the ground during earthquakes (q.v.).

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  • Observations have shown that, in addition to the comparatively great and sudden displacements which occur in earthquakes, the ground is subject to other movements.

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  • Some of these, which may be called " earth-tremors," resemble earthquakes in the rapidity with which they occur, but differ from earthquakes in being imperceptible (owing to the smallness of the motion) until instrumental means are used to detect them.

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  • Earthquakes and earth-tremors grade into one another, and in almost every earthquake there is some tilting of the surface.

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  • First we will consider the types of apparatus which are used to record the rapid back-and-forth movements of earthquakes which can be distinctly felt and at times are even destructive.

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  • For small earthquakes, in which the movement is rapid, the bob of a very long and heavy pendulum will practically comply with these conditions.

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  • To measure vertical motion, which with the greater number of earthquakes is not appreciable, a fairly steady mass to which a multiplying light-writing index can be attached is ob tamed from a weight carried on a lever held by any form of spring in a horizontal position.

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  • We next turn to types of instruments employed to record earthquakes which have radiated from their origins, where they may 6.

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  • In these instruments the same principles are followed as in the construction of horizontal pendulums, the chief difference being that the so-called steady mass is arranged to have a much longer period than that required when recording perceptible earthquakes.

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  • Vicentini of Padua, will yield excellent diagrams of the gentle undulations of earthquakes which have originated at great distances, but for local disturbances, even if the bob of the pendulum acts as a steady point, the highly multiplied displacements are usually too great to be recorded.

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  • The chief function of the instrument is to measure slow displacements due to distant earthquakes.

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  • For local earthquakes it will move relatively to the pivoted balance weight like an ordinary bracket seismograph, and for very rapid motion it gives seismoscopic indications of slight tremors due to the switching of the outer end of the boom, which is necessarily somewhat flexible.

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  • This instrument, which has a magnification of 2200, detects the slightest tremors, and is consequently most useful in recording earthquakes of distant origin; its high sensitiveness and complications, however, militate against its common use.

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  • That volcanic influences are still present may be inferred from the circumstance that the snow cap on Popocatepetl disappeared just before the remarkable series of earthquakes that shook the whole of central Mexico on the 30th and 31st of July 1909.

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  • Under the empire we chiefly hear of the earthquakes which shook Antioch.

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  • We hear also of especially terrific earthquakes on the 29th of November 528 and the 31st of October 588.

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  • 116-117; it also suffered repeatedly from earthquakes, and was wholly rebuilt by Constantius II.

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  • Earthquakes are frequent and sometimes severe in the Persian Gulf proper, especially on Qishm I.

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  • Earthquakes were thought to be produced by Poseidon shaking the earth - hence his epithet of Enosichthon, " Earth-shaker"- and hence he was worshipped even in inland places which had suffered from earthquakes.

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  • The agriculturist has many enemies to contend with, the tax-gatherer being perhaps the most deadly; and drought, earthquakes, rats and locusts have at all periods been responsible for barren years.

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  • The alluvial deposits prove depression in quite recent geological times; and within the Himalayan region earthquakes are still common, whilst in Peninsular India they are rare.

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  • The country around Mandalay, as well as the hill country to the north, has suffered from severe earthquakes, one of which destroyed Ava in 1839.

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  • Earthquakes are frequent and occasionally violent.

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  • In the seven years1902-1908the microseismograph at Manila recorded 796 local earthquakes.

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  • In the 47 years ending March 1909 the various regions of the archipelago were visited by about 60 strong earthquakes; 16 of these, in ten different regions, occurred in the decade from 1890 to 1900.

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  • There were border wars with rebellious savage tribes, attacks made by Chinese pirates seeking plunder or refuge, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, tornadoes and the periodical visits of marauders from the southern islands.

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  • It has frequently been injured by earthquakes.

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  • With this possible exception there are no active volcanoes in Korea, and the region has also been remarkably free from earthquakes throughout historic times.

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  • This lack of fountains is probably to be ascribed in part to the effect of earthquakes, which are not infrequent; that of 1769 continued for six whole days.

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  • Among the other indications of great geological disturbances on the Pacific Coast may also be mentioned the earthquakes to which California like the rest of the coast is liable.

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  • Holden, Recorded Earthquakes in California, Lower California, Oregon, and Washington Territory (California State University, 1887); United States Department Agriculture, Weather Bureau, Bulletins, No.

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  • The climate is hot, and earthquakes are frequent and sometimes violent.

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  • To the great half-serpent monster Typhon were ascribed numerous springs; he was also the cause of earthquakes, and when he buried himself in the earth he formed the bed of the Syrian 1 See Frazer's notes on Pausanias (1898), vol.

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  • Earthquakes are felt at times on the Pacific slope, but in Nicaragua they are less violent than in the neighbouring countries.

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  • (1) See Noah Webster's History of Epidemic Diseases, 8vo (2 vols., London, 1800) (a work which makes no pretension to medical learning, but exhibits the history of epidemics in connexion with physical disasters - as earthquakes, famines, &c.); Lersch, Kleine Pest-Chronik (8vo, 1880) (a convenient short compendium, but not always accurate); "Athanasii Kircheri Chronologia Pestium" (to A.D.

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  • Earthquakes are frequent all over the peninsula, but especially in the south-east and west, where the Maeander valley and the Gulf of Smyrna are notorious seismic foci.

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  • Owing to the prevalence of earthquakes, private houses are usually of one storey only, and are built of sun-dried bricks, white-washed.

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  • Earthquakes are not uncommon.

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  • Assam is liable to earthquakes.

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  • His most important geological essay was that entitled Conjectures concerning the Cause and Observations upon the Phaenomena of Earthquakes (Phil.

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  • It was besieged by the Turks.in 1538 and 1657, visited by plague in 1572, and nearly destroyed by earthquakes in 1563 and 1667.

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  • Several hot springs occur, and earthquakes are not infrequent.

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  • The earthquakes of the present day show that the process is still in operation, and in time the deposits of the present IndoGangetic plain will be involved in the folds.

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  • Earthquakes had been common but of little importance in California until 1906.

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  • The revolt of the Jews under Trajan, and earthquakes in the time of Constantius and Constantine the Great helped in turn to destroy it.

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  • The popular belief in gods was attributed by Democritus to the desire to explain extraordinary phenomena (thunder, lightning, earthquakes) by reference to superhuman agency.

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  • Much injury was done by earthquakes in 1730 and 1859.

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  • Raised shore-lines, occasional earthquakes, and slow measurable elevation of the land about active volcanoes, indicate that elevation is now in progress, but the geological evidence shows no sign of former submergence of a connecting isthmus.

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  • Rovigno is the ancient Arupenum or Rubinum, and according to tradition it was originally built on an island, Cissa by name, which disappeared during the earthquakes about 737.

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  • There are numerous hot springs in Abyssinia, and earthquakes, though of no great severity, are not uncommon.

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  • Founded in 1534, it was four times destroyed by earthquakes between 1698 and 1798.

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  • Owing to frequent restorations occasioned by earthquakes, it now presents an incongruous mixture of different styles.

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  • The earliest Greek settlement in the neighbourhood was at Pithecusa (Ischia), but the colonists, being driven out of the island by the frequent earthquakes, settled on the mainland at Cumae, where they found a natural acropolis of great strategic value.

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  • It must not only be strong enough to sustain all possible vertical loads, but it must be sufficiently rigid to resist without deformation or weakening all lateral disturbing forces, the principal of which are the pressure of wind, the possible sway of moving crowds or moving machinery, and the vibration of the earth from the passage of loaded vans and trolleys, and slight earthquakes which at times visit almost all localities.

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  • high, is an active volcano, and its eruptions and earthquakes have frequently brought destruction, as notably in 1852, when the damage was chiefly due to a huge wave of the sea.

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  • It was temporarily ruined by earthquakes in 1854 and 1873.

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  • The Seychelles lie outside the track of the hurricanes which occasionally devastate Reunion and Mauritius and are also immune from earthquakes.

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  • Earthquakes are a much more familiar phenomenon, having occurred, according to the same authority, in 1523, 1526, 1605, 1652, 1677, 1681, 1684, 1702, 1704, 1725, 1742, 1816, 1817 and 1822.

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  • The cathedral, ruined by earthquakes, was restored in 1743-1749, but has some remains of its mosaic pavement (1178).

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  • a building material, owing to the prevalence of earthquakes, but brick and stone subsequently took its place in the construction of the principal buildings.

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  • Destructive waves, probably caused by distant earthquakes, called Seebciren (cf.

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  • In 1825 another volcanic eruption took place accompanied by earthquakes, and two hills were thrown up. The port of Naos on the south-east of the island affords safe anchorage.

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  • The effects produced by desiccating agencies are beyond all comparison more powerful than those which result from the earthquakes that are so frequent in Turkestan.

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  • All along the base of the highlands, from Khojent to Vyernyi, earthquakes are frequent; 3 but their effects lie beyond the scope of our observational methods.

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  • There have been no active volcanoes since the Pliocene Tertiary time, but the country is still subject to dangerous earthquakes.

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  • In 447 the wall of Anthemius was seriously injured by one of those earthquakes to which the city is liable.

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  • Earthquakes are frequent, especially in the districts which are peculiarly volcanic. Historical evidence goes to show that they are closely associated with three naturally defined regions: (I) the region between Skjalfandi and Axarfjdrllr in the north, where violent earth tremblings are extremely common; (2) at Faxafloi, where minor vibrations are frequent; (3) the southern lowlands, between Reykjanes and Myrdalsj6kull, have frequently been devastated by violent earthquake shocks, with great loss of property and life, e.g.

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  • The geysers and other hot springs are due to the same causes as the active volcanoes, and the earthquakes are probably manifestations of the same forces.

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  • Its ruins are of wide extent, but not of great beauty or interest; there is no doubt, however, that much has been buried beneath the surface by the frequent earthquakes to which the district is exposed (Strabo 580; Tac. Ann.

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  • It has been repeatedly damaged by earthquakes.

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  • Terrific storms sometimes break over the island; and it has been more than once visited by earthquakes.

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  • Earthquakes are common among the mountains, and the eastern lowlands are exposed to the great winds and sandstorms which sweep down the Alfdld.

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  • The climate of the plain was soft but healthy, though the country was subject to frequent earthquakes.

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  • Earthquakes of great violence were recorded in 1847 and 1881 (with tidal wave), and mild shocks were experienced in December 1899.

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  • The origin of this bitumen is disputed: it was supposed to be derived from subaqueous strata of bituminous marl and rose to the surface when loosened by earthquakes.

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  • But earthquakes are frequent and at times disastrous.

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  • It has suffered repeatedly from earthquakes, the greatest damage occurring from those of 1797 and 1859.

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  • On the Causes of Earthquakes (1755); Description of the Earthquake of 1 755 (1756); Consideration of some Recently Experienced Earthquakes (1756).

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  • The island is entirely volcanic and subject to earthquakes, and is fertile.

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  • His other publications included Pharmacopee universelle (1697), Traite universel des drogues simples (1698), Traite de l'antimoine (1707), together with a number of papers contributed to the French Academy, one of which offered a chemical and physical explanation of underground fires, earthquakes, lightning and thunder.

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  • Hurricanes release unimaginable amounts of power, as do earthquakes.

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  • This modeling technique provides synthetic earthquakes, which frequency content is the same as the observed one.

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  • As it is built in a highly seismic zone, measures have been taken to improve the school 's structural safety against earthquakes.

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  • It includes seismicity and seismic hazard maps, information on historical and recent earthquakes, and links to USGS fact sheets and geological information.

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  • It details seismicity and earthquakes in the US state of Georgia.

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  • Large scale global seismology has helped to identify areas at risk from earthquakes and tsunami.

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  • Professor James Jackson Geologist with an interest in earthquakes, using earthquake source seismology to examine how continents are deforming today.

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  • There are even moments of drama when the county has been covered with clouds of volcanic ash and shaken by earthquakes.

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  • Waves move across the oceans, earthquakes produce shock waves and light can be thought of as traveling in waves.

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  • Repeated fracture and healing of silicic magma generate flow banding and earthquakes?

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  • This is best illustrated by the case of large subduction zone earthquakes.

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  • It is hoped that the seismic data will also allow us to distinguish between submarine volcanic eruptions and earthquakes occurring along subduction fault lines.

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  • The seismic signals recorded around active volcanoes show a much greater variety than signals recorded in the vicinity of tectonic earthquakes.

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  • Earthquake zones [175 k] But what was the significance of the connection between earthquakes and oceanic trenches and ridges?

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  • Pressure is building that could be released through earthquakes or through harmonic tremors, to use volcanology terms.

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  • The new technology that the lab is using can measure the magnitude of even the smallest earthquakes.

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  • From the dangers of coal mining to oil spills and the possible connection of earthquakes to drilling, seeking fossil fuels can be dangerous business.

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  • Melting glaciers may lead to an increase in volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, and tsunamis.

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  • It comes with a price though, as the area is known for its natural disasters such as earthquakes, mudslides, and wildfires.

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  • When it comes to earthquakes, planning is key.

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  • If you live in an area that is prone to earthquakes, it's a good idea to prepare a disaster relief kit and have it ready to go.

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  • Natural changes in the earth can also create disturbances in chi energy flows such as floods, earthquakes, fires, tornados, hurricanes and other elemental imbalances.

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  • Will we be plagued with volcanoes becoming active, earthquakes shaking the globe and tidal waves flooding the planet, or will it be a spiritual transition?

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  • Earth Puzzle Learn about earthquakes and other natural disasters.

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  • Once he's mastered geography, broaden his knowledge and fancy his curiosity by exploring the world of volcanoes, earthquakes and other natural occurrences that have shaped both our planet and the continental plates.

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  • The West Coast of America will be destroyed by a series of earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and the rising of the ocean due to polar ice caps melting.

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  • Natural disasters occur everywhere, from floods in the Midwest, tornadoes in the central belt, earthquakes in California, to volcanic eruptions in the Pacific Northwest.

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  • The events in this type of plan range from earthquakes to power outages.

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  • It will include disasters such as pandemic illnesses, earthquakes or fires.

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  • Bulk containers also allow you to store food and water for emergencies such as earthquakes, hurricanes, and fires when shopping may be difficult.

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  • For example, damages following flood and earthquakes can be astronomical but the homeowner has to purchase two separate policies for flood and earthquake coverage.

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  • After all, Los Angeles County residents have dealt with earthquakes, mudslides, fires and other disasters that have all resulted in devastating loss of personal property.

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  • Hurricanes, tornados, and earthquakes are unavoidable, and even with the best planning, they can mean complete ruination of your home and its content.

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  • The record company rejected it at first, but later decided to released Little Earthquakes when Amos went back and revised most of the songs.

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  • The shores are covered with coral; earthquakes and tidal waves are frequent, the latter not taking the form of bores, but of a sudden steady rise and equally sudden fall in the level of the sea; the climate is rather tropical than temperate, but sickness is almost unknown among the residents.

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  • Hot springs are unknown, and earthquakes are slight and rare.

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  • Earthquakes are still frequent along its shores.

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  • From the violence of tyranny, and the rapine of a disorderly banditti, by which this district long suffered, as well as from shocks of earthquakes, the villages have a ruinous and dilapidated appearance; and, with the exception of a few fields in their neighbourhood, the country presents a rocky and sandy waste, with in many places scarcely a show of vegetation.

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  • Since 1570 seventy violently destructive earthquakes have been recorded on the west coast of South America, but the register is incomplete in its earlier part.

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  • Nevertheless the annals show that during the three centuries before 1897 there were 108 earthquakes sufficiently disastrous to merit historical mention.

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  • The last of which we have any knowledge occurred in 1301, but the island was visited by earthquakes in 1881 and 1883, 1700 lives being lost in the latter year, when the town of Casamicciola on the nort of the island was almost entirely destroyed.

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  • The disorders of the 14th century, however, the numerous earthquakes, and the Black Death, which had spread over the greater part of Europe, produced a condition of ferment and mystic fever which was very favourable to a recrudescence of morbid forms of devotion.

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  • In numerous instances clear evidence of recent movements along the fault planes has been discovered; and frequent earthquakes testify with equal force to the present uplift of the mountain blocks.

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  • In numerous instances clear evidence of recent movements along the fault planes has been discovered; and frequent earthquakes testify with equal force to the present uplift of the mountain blocks.

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  • Earthquakes are not uncommon and sometimes severe.

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  • Earthquakes are not infrequent.

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  • These were at one time more numerous than at the present day; earthquakes and subsidence of foundations have brought many of them down, the latest to fall being the great tower of San Marco itself, which collapsed on July 14th, 1902.

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