It wasn't the same place or time as my earlier dreams.
"I'm sorry I didn't get up earlier," Carmen said.
We would have arrived earlier if we'd driven.
Other sessions were tried earlier but when Howie couldn't sleep, Quinn accused him of not working hard enough Martha said.
The radio bit was some weeks earlier and he felt the hub-bub had blown over.
Remember Chad from earlier chapters?
Earlier in a cabin in the hills above Santa Barbara.
She wished she'd realized that a few days earlier, before it was too late to matter.
Police called it the work of one person, attributed to at least six earlier deaths.
He recognized the grandson as the victim of the earlier abduction on which he'd reported.
We do know as a result of earlier tests EA, as we call it, is also part of the lure.
He was elated that, in his mind, his earlier identification was affirmed.
All our earlier actions were a series of what ifs.
Howie would first go back to earlier in the day and document precise activities of the director; we hoped they'd be sufficient for him to believe our abilities.
Earlier, my wife had taken care of all the logistics of our travels while I locked up the house and called Jackson to tell him we would be out of town for a couple of days, retrieving Howie from California.
He had access to his part much earlier than I did, so he was able to make some investments that really paid off.
Or was it earlier still?...
Remember my earlier statement that a farmer treats a thousand acres of corn as a single entity because it is not cost effective to deal with each corn stalk separately?
Not the long deep sobs of earlier, but a cleansing cry.
This was the same man who treated her so coldly earlier today, and she'd do best to keep that picture in her mind.
As he'd said earlier, he liked dogs.
Dusty said you healed Jonny earlier today.
His look was intense, much different than the warmth he'd displayed earlier that afternoon.
Fortunately, the boy ran off but the police, who were following Bryce based on our earlier tip, photographed his attempted abduction.
I told her I'd asked the same question of Martha earlier and she'd been noncommittal.
As mentioned earlier, farmers suffer when they do not have reliable markets for their goods.
Sometimes a new word revived an image that some earlier experience had engraved on my brain.
Eleven months earlier Alex had her bred to a handsome Appaloosa stud in Indiana - via AI.
She had rehearsed her script earlier, but now the words evaded her.
I sure wish I had said something to you earlier, Sherlock.
Oh yes, he had overheard her conversation with Allen earlier and made his own deductions.
He had spoken earlier of last night.
The skull of the driver bore the distinctive damage Howie had received in his earlier accident.
What's more, none seemed bent on murder, a decided improvement over some of Bird Song's earlier guests!
The only person I recognized was the black FBI woman from our earlier meeting.
The mess in Ireland earlier made her body crawl in memory of the dangerous power.
Most cases were earlier tips as lately, the authorities were far more cautious with our information; often even denying a tip was involved when an arrest occurred.
When I heard his voice, my heart jumped, not knowing if he'd been told by Martha of Julie's earlier treachery.
"Your doctor tells you to go to bed earlier," said Prince Andrew.
Do you think the earlier visions were the same time period?
Earlier, I've walked the perimeter of the property and noted multiple places of easy access, via trees, with low hanging limbs.
While the last words, "sleeping, just sleeping," said prior to the interruption by Grasso seemed to denote failure, the earlier recorded observations suggest otherwise.
It had been the mildest late winter in years and the lack of high country snow had opened the Jeep roads weeks earlier than usual.
Barely a decade earlier, Cleveland, also a Democrat, had said essentially, "Look, the government shouldn't be helping the poor Texans; that's the role of charity."
As we noted earlier, people no longer disagree simply about what values to apply to a set of facts—rather, they disagree as to the nature of the facts themselves.
She was unable to pin him down on the cases of ours she'd documented earlier but he practically admitted he was personally responsible for all them and more.
He made a purchase using the card earlier, just to make sure there wasn't a stop order on it.
I drove by earlier with my family and we thought we saw a friend's rig back in the corner.
All pertained to the earlier tests Howie and Quinn had undertaken together while Betsy and I were still in New York.
He'd messed around with Jenn only a few hours earlier and already felt the need to unwind again.
"I talked to your brother earlier," Jenn started, leaning back.
He recalled how soothing her hug had been earlier and itched to feel her soft, warm body in his arms again.
Bianca healed me earlier, and I thought I could do more than I could, especially since ....
Yes, ikir called earlier and said you'd be in today.
Unlike the others whose paths she'd crossed earlier, he didn't ignore her.
While Cynthia was apprehensive over the wildness of the area, once there, the stark beauty that engulfed her dispelled her earlier trepidation.
As I've said earlier, the most underutilized resource in the universe is human potential.
Remember the Warren Bennis quote I used earlier about the factory of the future having only one man and one dog?
As Frederick the Great observed almost two centuries earlier, "If my soldiers were to begin to think, not one of them would remain in the army."
One might have expected to find YouTube making its cameo in the earlier "communication" section, but I deliberately moved it here.
Under the terms of the definition I offered earlier, that makes Shakespeare the epitome of art—that is, something that continues to speak to future generations.
This is especially true of her earlier lessons, when her knowledge of language was so slight as to make explanation impossible.
Who would not be early to rise, and rise earlier and earlier every successive day of his life, till he became unspeakably healthy, wealthy, and wise?
The opening of large tracts by the ice-cutters commonly causes a pond to break up earlier; for the water, agitated by the wind, even in cold weather, wears away the surrounding ice.
Instead of the demand of four months earlier to withdraw from Pomerania, only a withdrawal beyond the Niemen was now demanded.
She went to bed later and rose earlier than any of them, and no difficulties daunted her.
If Yancey had noticed her earlier or was troubled by it, he gave no indication.
It was hard to believe this jovial man was the same angry man she had faced earlier that night.
The odor she had smelled earlier hung in the air.
If she hadn't witnessed his exchange with the woman earlier, she would have been certain he was disappointed.
I'm the guy with no past and I have this... earlier vision and it's not even my memory.
I could hear birds chirping and earlier, the woman humming.
He'd followed her and Jake all around the house earlier like a bored puppy.
He looked around and found a familiar dirt trail that led to a large rock overlooking the desert he'd sat on earlier to watch the sunset.
The mansion was quiet again, the signs of activity from earlier gone.
The winter had been exceptionally clear of late snow and the high mountain passes that in many years remained closed until July had been cleared weeks earlier this spring.
Dean reread the eleven letters he had only glanced at earlier.
AURUNCI, the name given by the Romans to a tribe which in historical times occupied only a strip of coast on either side of the Mons Massicus between the Volturnus and the Liris, although it must at an earlier period have extended over a considerably wider area.
But the city, as a superficial inspection of the site shows, must have existed as a settlement long before Omri, as potsherds of earlier date lie scattered on the surface.
A hundred years earlier R.
I wish you had said something earlier.
It was a sobering reminder that a bear had been on this spot – possibly only minutes earlier.
It's so nice not to listen to police sirens and taxies honking their horns but I'm afraid we might have woken Howie up earlier.
I had trouble sleeping on the sofa because I kept thinking about my vision from earlier.
Quinn joined us, looking more interested than earlier.
He's never spoken on the phone; it's only Julie's word and I'm sure she'd retract anything she said earlier.
Perhaps it was best; hadn't Betsy and I made a similar decision to stop our activities only hours earlier?
I thanked him and drove the last few miles to my house, more sedately than earlier.
She turned to face him, surprised to find the man who'd almost killed her earlier.
His scent still lingered on her skin, even though she'd taken a shower earlier.
I obeyed the emergency protocol issued earlier in the day and didn't approach the vamp.
He didn't understand the ins and outs of their blood bond, but he knew how much she rocked his world when she drank from him earlier.
She glanced toward the door, mind on what she'd learned earlier.
Pierre had brought in a dress box and shoe box earlier.
He was lined with weapons she'd watched him emplace earlier.
One of their safe houses was hit earlier.
He didn't tell her he'd heard Joseph himself call the Jeep rental dealer earlier.
When Dean questioned her, she told of receiving a phone call concerning that same property some weeks earlier.
The excavation was wider here and Dean could see signs of some earlier passage in the mud at the edge.
It was clear he had no intention of crushing the wild flowers for the final leg of the trip, although he didn't comment on the Deans having done so earlier.
You'd think we were still sitting in the same high school bleachers where we'd met a decade earlier.
"It sounds as if you were very fortunate in your choice of a husband," Dean said honestly, but he noted she'd failed to answer his earlier question.
What are the odds of her meeting this guy and being the daughter of his mine manager from twenty years earlier and a thousand miles away?
They crossed Canyon Creek and the site of an avalanche a few years earlier, now evidenced by the rubble of broken, twisted trees and displaced earth.
After what seemed even longer than the Dean's first trip to the mine just two days earlier, they emerged into the basin where the valley floor was a sea of wildflowers.
I was out on the highway, and earlier, up the road to Engineer Pass.
Why did you ask him where he'd been—and earlier ask me if I'd seen him?
Are you sure it was a sheriff's car you saw earlier?
"It wasn't earlier this week," Dean answered.
While the Deans discussed contacting the state once more, both agreed another phone call would be as fruitless as earlier ones.
Joseph had grumbled something along the same lines to Fred earlier.
Ginger Dawkins was sitting on the porch in her pretty blue sweater as if she'd never huffed and puffed her exit a day earlier.
It was then Cynthia renewed her simple earlier suggestion.
Later, he and Martha were to visit the library for more digging into the earlier disappearances now that the date of Martha's bones was better known.
Someone had figured out how to turn off the overhead lights that blinded her earlier.
He pushed aside the nagging instincts he'd been ignoring since seeing her earlier.
You said it earlier.
Worry had prevented her from eating earlier.
The next morning she came in earlier, hoping to catch the man before he left.
It rang earlier when you were doing the chores and I missed it.
The Immortals earlier in the day said the same.
The assassin he'd killed earlier had a handler, one that acted as a messenger between him and Darkyn.
Darkyn was supposed to find me much earlier, according to our agreement.
Another thought occurred to her about her trip to the boutique earlier that day.
Katie had been crying earlier.
I was taking a bath earlier and I heard sounds in the hallway.
A'Ran watched him go, sensing the same disappointment and doubt he'd seen in his sister earlier.
Kiera groaned, dreading the idea of a party with so many strangers who were bound to think of her as the women in the bathroom had earlier.
The raised tent where she had feasted earlier was still occupied by Romas's immediate family.
You remember the chamber where you were earlier?
She looked in the direction where orange and red lights had bloomed earlier.
The two had shared Dean's bachelorhood for fifteen years until Dean, an ex-Pennsylvania police detective married Cynthia Byrne seven months earlier.
Fred, remembering historical items from an earlier mystery in which he and his stepson were involved, jumped at the offer.
Dean started to protest but his wife began carrying the packed ornaments from the room and asked in her sweetest tone if he could remove the now-dried Christmas tree and finish a short list of Bird Song chores she'd drawn up earlier.
Fred was still gabbing on the phone so Dean shared with his wife the last of the turkey salad, extended mileage from the Christmas turkey of ten days earlier.
The other houseguests had left earlier and separately after asking directions to one of the few winter restaurants that remained open in Ouray.
Maybe she did write it years earlier and it really is her practice work, he offered.
She skipped back to the jeep, her earlier reluctance nowhere in evidence.
"Edith was down here earlier," he said, a smug look on his face.
I started looking at earlier editions.
Perhaps there was an earlier Mrs. Martin who died?
Fred had left a half hour earlier, to see Miss Worthington, about some business, or so he claimed.
He returned to his earlier smile.
Cynthia asked as she snuggled even closer, the earlier troubles of the day drifting even further away.
Dean wandered up the penstock trail, the path he and Cynthia followed earlier, where Donald Ryland had climbed.
There was a lingering smell of wood smoke in the night air and all earlier efforts at shoveling the walkway and stairs were lost in the smooth swirls of new fallen whiteness.
He called her again as soon as he rose, but she had apparently left earlier as there was no answer.
We went down that road earlier.
I saw the boy with his father earlier.
And, if she had cut the line earlier, it would have either been noticed by Shipton or he would have fallen the entire distance of more than a hundred feet from the edge to his certain death.
Dean read before going to bed, earlier than usual.
And then he recalled an earlier dream!
"She's been waiting for you," Fred offered, as if embarrassed at failing to acknowledge their wayward employee earlier.
In Dean's mind, her attitude and actions eliminated any thought that she might have read or learned of Annie's final hours earlier.
"As you remember," he said, "I questioned the fountain pen before, earlier in this here investigation.
Claire didn't express any interest in Annie's clothing earlier.
An hour earlier a nurse wheeled Dean to Cynthia, Fred and their waiting Jeep.
Besides, Edith had the pen in her possession so he lacked any opportunity to change it back to the color she used years earlier when she wrote the suicide note.
Now I'm just kicking myself for not figuring out the whole business earlier.
Earlier I considered that, but when Edith was with me, she said she tried to kill her husband.
The discomfort from earlier in the day seemed to have vanished.
No, I had a dropped call from her earlier, but when I called back it went straight to voice mail.
Ahead of her, Katie stepped off the wooden porch into the ankle high snow and followed the trail Carmen had broken earlier on her trip to light the stove in the dairy.
Obviously he wanted to forget his earlier remark about wanting her.
Would it have looked any better if he had come in a few minutes earlier when Alex had his hand under her shirt?
But why didn't you say something earlier.
There he introduced her to Princess, the horse he had been riding earlier.
He'd already said good bye to all of them earlier.
I swear I saw PMF fighting alongside us earlier against the guys who attacked us.
She bounced to her feet and searched the dresser she'd already searched earlier.
And you're the one who walked away from me earlier.
He'd barely managed to walk away from her earlier.
She opened to him once again, reminding him of how she'd yielded to him earlier.
She'd been trying to reconcile his connection to the PMF since discovering the link between him and Brady earlier that day.
Several more refugees had arrived earlier in the day.
They're looking for the girl you took over earlier.
"And some rules are too old even for the Ancients to know," she repeated his words from earlier.
You didn't sense the demons earlier. I had to tell you.
Andre didn't return. Katie waited longer, until the chill of the night dried the sweat that'd covered her since they began running earlier.
He wore bathing trunks, a Phillies baseball cap and a t-shirt with the imprint "Eastern PA Century Bicycle Tour" and a date four years earlier.
The man in the bathing suit recognized him as Leo, his waiter from an earlier dinner, and waved.
There was far more to learn about Jeffrey Byrne before he could report an informed opinion on the happenings in Norfolk two nights earlier.
He grabbed an order of French fries and a burger at the drive-in of a national chain, eating on the road, licking the salt from his fingers as he searched among the glass and steel structures for the address he had jotted down earlier.
According to Byrne's expense file, his prior trip to Norfolk had been in late January and, earlier, in October of last year.
I'd have stashed some clothes on the beach earlier.
None could add anything to their earlier stories and none was particularly happy being called in for questioning when they should have been enjoying their time off.
Reluctantly, he agreed to waste his Sunday with Vinnie and learned from Sackler that a uniformed officer had delivered Vinnie's clothes earlier.
They reminded Dean of Jeffrey Byrne, doing the same thing a week earlier.
It showed a good looking, much younger man, as Dean guessed it dated from when Byrne was first employed, 15 years earlier.
Scranton, Pennsylvania is one of those eastern cities whose past glories were years earlier than the memory of any living citizen.
Between you and me, I think he chased out some of the earlier tenants with the volume.
He and Burgess learned they'd both biked in the same 100-mile fund raiser two years earlier, before Dean caught a case of the lazies.
Fred wanted to drive the extra 30 miles or more and visit the rest stop drop location but Dean put his foot down, pointing out that it was two months earlier when the money disappeared.
That was two months earlier.
Earlier he'd signed up to take his July vacation in Iowa, biking the 400 miles across that state on a seven-day bike tour known as "RAGBRAI," named for the sponsoring Des Moines Register newspaper.
Dean tried to remember his earlier phone conversation with Mrs. Glass.
They found two more body parts last night and they don't match up with any of the earlier ones unless some Colombian had three legs.
Dean remembered it from their trip to Norfolk two weeks earlier.
He cried for the first time since his mother had passed away 15 years earlier.
He hadn't mentioned anything earlier about cutting the evening short so I figured it was an excuse.
I saw Winston too, ten minutes earlier.
I had my suspicions earlier.
He came by earlier and... didn't say.
If it's what I did earlier...
She could have reasoned with him earlier instead of jumping down his throat.
Quelling the desire to repeat her earlier response, she lay still in his arms, waiting for him to make the next move.
He came by earlier and didn't tell me anything.
What had been so forgettable earlier was now irresistible.
If I get in early enough, I'll try to catch an earlier flight.
Exhausted, she closed her eyes, Jule's words to her from earlier echoing in her thoughts.
Dawn had come an hour earlier but only just managed to push away the shadows of night from the cloudy mountain hiding place that had become her home.
Darian walked through the fortress, retracing their steps from earlier, until they reached the foyer.
"Earlier today, you all acted really weird," he said.
"You were not so eager to die earlier," he said in a hard tone.
She's shown the signs far earlier than any warlord.
He snatched her before she went under and dragged her back to the shallow waters, carefully maneuvering her upper body onto the small boulder Hilden had placed earlier.
Jenny had arrived earlier and the three youngest children were napping.
I fell off Ed and I'm stuck on the side of a bluff where we were riding earlier.
His smile was reminiscent of earlier years when he was more pliable.
Was he being sarcastic about the way she acted earlier, or was he referring to the feel of her body against his?
She peered through the peephole to make sure it wasn't the woman she'd barely gotten rid of earlier.
All she talked about earlier was nailing him.
She snatched it and went to the kitchen, still rattled by their earlier interaction.
Jessi gazed up at him, goose-bumps forming on her arms as she recalled what she'd felt with his hands on her hips earlier.
He was watching her closely, and she willed her body not to respond to him as it had earlier.
The Guardian irritated Xander, more so because Jessi had smiled and laughed with him earlier.
She thought there was more to him earlier when he healed her and for a moment, she'd made the same mistake while sitting in his lap.
She found herself admiring his body and forced her attention on reading one of the books she'd picked up during a trip to stretch her legs earlier.
The longer they kissed, the more he wanted to experience what he did earlier.
Jenn texted him earlier to let him know his condo no longer existed.
The archbishop was one of the "undertakers" who controlled the Irish House of Commons, and although he did not regain the almost dictatorial power he had exercised at an earlier period, which had suggested a comparison between him and Cardinal Wolsey, he continued to enjoy a prominent share in the administration of Ireland until his death, which occurred in London on the 19th of December 1764.
Here he was joined by his children, who had been confined at Pressburg; his wife (a price had been set on her head) had joined him earlier, having escaped in disguise.
The college at Higham Ferrers was a much earlier design.
There are few trees on the island, for most of the valuable indigenous trees have been practically exterminated, such as the sandalwood, which the earlier navigators found one of the most valuable products of the island.
In her latest works she went back to her earlier themes of romantic and unchartered love, but the scene is shifted from Berri, which she felt she had exhausted, to other provinces of France, and instead of passionate manifestos we have a gallery of genre pictures treated in the spirit of Francois le champi.
After an interval the polarization begins to be incomplete in the perpendicular direction, the light which reaches the eye when the nicol is set to minimum transmission being of a beautiful blue, much richer than anything that can be seen in the earlier stages.
Mastodons, like elephants, always have a pair of upper tusks, while the earlier ones likewise have a short pair in the lower jaw, which is prolonged into a snout-like symphysis for their support.
The site of the church of St Peter has long been occupied by a parish church (there was one in the 12th century, if not earlier), but the existing building dates only from 1870.
A large public park, opened in 1866, was laid out as a relief work for unemployed operatives during the cotton famine of the earlier part of the decade.
In its earlier history the region was agricultural.
Simultaneously the forenoon maximum occurs earlier and the afternoon maximum later in the day.
may be felt as to the earlier observations there.
gave means slightly lower than those from the earlier hours, but the difference was only about 5% in I + and io% in L.
The hour of maximum is earlier for the mountains, thunder being more frequent there than in the plains between 8 A.M.
From certain indications in the latter and the evidence of some odd leaves discovered by David Laing, it has been concluded that there was an earlier Edinburgh edition, which has been ascribed to Thomas Davidson, printer, and dated c. 1540.
The subjects and styles of these prologues show great variety: some appear to be literary exercises with little or no connexion with the books which they introduce, and were perhaps written earlier and for other purposes.
If such is the case, there is reason to think that the composition of Gammer Gurton's Needle should be referred to the earlier period.
A successful well in Marion county, near Mannington, far from the region of the earlier wells, was drilled in 1889, and the output of the state increased from 119,448 bbls.
Its site was not that of the present college, but of two earlier halls called Boston and Hare, where the new schools now are.
The view (traceable no doubt to the Aristotelian definition) that equity mitigates the hardships of the law where the law errs through being framed in universals, is to be found in some of the earlier writings.
We can trace obligations to Meleager, Theocritus, Apollonius Rhodius and other Alexandrines, and amongst earlier writers to Homer, Pindar, Aeschylus and others.
It may confidently be dated to a period not earlier than the 14th or 15th century A.D., and attributed to the same Bantu people the remains of whose stone-fenced kraals are found at so many places between the Limpopo and the Zambezi.
His earlier papers were mostly concerned with crystallography, and the reputation they gained him led to his appointment as Privatdozent at Konigsberg, where in 1828 he became extraordinary, and in 1829 ordinary, professor of mineralogy and physics.
436, the period of its introduction may certainly be dated some 500 years previous to the Welsh chronicle and even much earlier."
The physical theory, in its earlier form in The World, and later in the Principles of Philosophy (which the present account follows), rests upon the metaphysical conclusions of the Meditations.
Of the church in Ostia there is no authentic record before the 4th century A.D., though there are several Christian inscriptions of an earlier date; but the first bishop of Ostia of whom we have any certain knowledge dates from A.D.
The kingdom of Cyprus passed to Hugh, his son by an earlier marriage, while that of Jerusalem passed to Maria, the daughter of Isabella by her previous marriage with Conrad of Montferrat.
The mineral had, however, been earlier known as a blue powdery substance, called "blue ironearth," met with in peat-bogs, in bog iron-ore, or with fossil bones and shells.
But the earlier clubs did nothing towards organizing the game.
Thus (though earlier Indian and Bactrian coins do not show it) it is found with the gods on some of the coins of the Indian kings Kanishka, Huvishka and Vasudeva, 58 B.C. to A.D.
- A bibliography and summary of the earlier work on helium will be found in a paper by Ramsay, Ann.
A great part of the land-forces had been already sent off under Craterus in the earlier summer to return west by Kandahar and Seistan; the fleet was to sail under the Greek Nearchus from the Indus mouth with the winter monsoon; Alexander himself with the rest of the land-forces set out in October to go by the 2 Beside V.
The difference of a minor third, or, as we shall see later, a whole tone, had replaced the earlier fourth.
About that time, or it may be a few years earlier, Sir George Smart established a fork for the Philharmonic Society, a' 433.2.
Several of the earlier exploits of William Wallace were achieved in the neighbourhood.
justiciarius or justitiarius, a judge), in English history, the title of the chief minister of the Norman and earlier Angevin kings.
In Scotland the title of justiciar was borne, under the earlier kings, by two high officials, one having his jurisdiction to the north, the other to the south of the Forth.
no certainty can be arrived at with regard to its earlier forms and later development.
That they intermarried with the earlier stock is suggested by the passage in Gen.
The cathedral church, dedicated to its founder St Colman, a disciple of St Finbar of Cork, is a plain cruciform building mainly of the 14th century, with an earlier oratory in the churchyard.
In thus looking forward to a shaking of all nations Haggai agrees with earlier prophecies, especially Isa.
But it is hardly fair to contrast his practical counsel with the more ethical and spiritual teaching of the earlier Hebrew prophets.
The tank system is of much earlier date than this cylinder system, and although the two resemble each other in many respects, the tank system is in practice the less effective.
A "methodist" is one who follows a "method," the term being applied not only to the Wesleyan body, but earlier to the Amyraldists, and in the 17th century to certain Roman Catholic apologists.
The work in question, which is rare, was printed at Paris, and has the date 1636 on the title-page, but the royal privilege which secured it to the author is dated in October 1635, and it may have been written several years earlier.
It is propagated by offsets, which are often planted in September or October, but the principal crop should not be got in earlier than February or the beginning of March.
In earlier life he had been a zealous student of Kant and Hegel, and to the end he never ceased to cultivate the philosophic spirit; but he had little confidence in metaphysical systems, and sought rather to translate philosophy into the wisdom of life.
A few churches had been organized earlier, at Meaux in 1546 and at Nimes in 1547, but their members had been dispersed by persecution.
In 1643 Cromwell performed one of his earlier exploits in taking Lowestoft, capturing large supplies and making prisoners of several influential royalists.
The earlier conception of Varuna is singularly similar to that of Ahuramazda of the Avesta.
For the earlier part he used Widukind's Res gestae Saxonicae, the Annales Quedlinburgenses and other sources; the latter part is the result of personal knowledge.
The earlier deposits of that sea now rise to the surface in Brittany, the Ardennes, the Montagne Noire and the Cvennes, and in all these regions they arc intensely folded.
The attention he had paid to chemistry in the earlier part of his career enabled him to hold his own in this position, but he found his work more congenial when in 1887 he was transferred to the professorship of physics.
The western pediment, which is more conservative in type, represents the earlier expedition of Heracles and Telamon against Troy; the eastern, which is bolder and more advanced, probably refers to episodes in the Trojan war.
It was disputed in earlier times whether the temple was dedicated to Zeus or Athena.
The excavations have laid bare several other buildings, including an altar, early propylaea, houses for the priests and remains of an earlier temple.
Furtwangler and others, Aegina, Heiligtum der Aphaia (Munich, 1906), where earlier authorities are collected and discussed.
not later than the earlier half of the 7th century B.C. In the next century Aegina is one of the three principal states trading at the emporium of Naucratis, and it is the only state of European Greece that has a share in this factory (Herod.
followed by several small teeth representing the canine and earlier premolars.
First (a), in the earlier biblical writings which describe the state of affairs under the Hebrew monarchy there is not this fundamental distinction among the Levites, and, although a list of Aaronite high-priests is preserved in a late source, internal details and the evidence of the historical books render its value extremely doubtful (1 Chron.
- Although the legal basis for the final stage is found in the legislation of the time of Moses (latter part of the second millennium B.C.), it is in reality scarcely earlier than the 5th century B.C., and the Jewish theory finds analogies when developments of the Levitical service are referred to David (I Chron.
The exact meaning of these features is not clear, but if it be remembered (a) that the Levites of post-exilic literature represent only the result of a long and intricate development, (b) that the name "Levite," in the later stages at least, was extended to include all priestly servants, and (c) that the priesthoods, in tending to become hereditary, included priests who were Levites by adoption and not by descent, it will be recognized that the examination of the evidence for the earlier stages cannot confine itself to those narratives where the specific term alone occurs.
But the problem of fitting these into the history of Israel still remains The assumption that the earlier sources for the pre-monarchical history, as incorporated by late compilers, are necessarily trustworthy confuses the inquiry (on Gen.
C.; and many of whom were conquered by the Samnites about a century or more earlier.
Tasmania is now the largest copper-producing state of the Commonwealth; in 1905 the output was over £672,010 and in earlier years even larger.
Four points are clear: (i) the Australians represent a distinct race; (2) they have no kinsfolk among the neighbouring races; (3) they have occupied the continent for a very long period; (4) it would seem that the Tasmanians must represent a still earlier occupation of Australia, perhaps before the Bass Strait existed.
Nevertheless, there is a charm of originality about his earlier logical work which no competent reader can fail to appreciate.
Here we are concerned only with their earlier history, which is put for convenience under this heading in order to separate the account of the period when they formed practically a single area for historical purposes from that of the time when Holland and Belgium became distinct administrative units.
It but remains to call attention to the fact that the earlier view of the liver as the seat of the soul gave way among many ancient nations to the theory which, reflecting the growth of anatomical knowledge, assigned that function to the heart, while, with the further change which led to placing the seat of soul-life in the brain, an attempt was made to partition the various functions of manifestations of personality among the three organs, brain, heart and liver, the intellectual activity being assigned to the first-named; the higher emotions, as love and courage, to the second; while the liver, once the master of the entire domain of soul-life as understood in antiquity, was degraded to serve as the seat of the lower emotions, such as jealousy, anger and the like.
Although the first definite endeavour to locate the Golden Chersonese thus dates from the middle of the 2nd century of our era, the name was apparently well known to the learned of Europe at a somewhat earlier period, and in his Antiquities of the Jews, written during the latter half of the 1st century, Josephus says that Solomon gave to the pilots furnished to him by Hiram of Tyre commands " that they should go along with his stewards to the land that of old was called Ophir, but now the Aurea Chersonesus, which belongs to India, to fetch gold."
See the very full article by Frankfurter in the Allgemeine deutsche Biographie, which supersedes his earlier biography.
It has been quarried since 1785; marble monuments were first manufactured about 1808; and at South Dorset in 1818 marble seems first to have been sawed in blocks, the earlier method having been chiselling.
In both sacraments the death-bed baptism of an earlier age seems to survive, and they both fulfil a deep-seated need of the human spirit.
At an earlier date, however, it was usual to anoint the dead.
Sofia, a circular edifice of about 760, now modernized, the roof of which is supported by six ancient columns, is a relic of the Lombard period; it has a fine cloister of the 12th century constructed in part of fragments of earlier buildings; while the cathedral with its fine arcaded facade and incomplete square campanile (begun in 1279) dates from the 9th century and was rebuilt in 1114.
Many of the ancient oaks that remain in England may date from Saxon times, and some perhaps from an earlier period; the growth of trees after the trunk has become hollow is extremely slow, and the age of such venerable giants only matter of vague surmise.
During the earlier part of the year 164 3 the military position of Charles was greatly superior to that of the parliament.
This history begins at the time of the council of Clermont, deals with the fortunes of the first crusade and the earlier history of the Latin kingdom of Jerusalem, and ends somewhat abruptly in 11 21.
occubant (present tense), which alludes to the imprisonment of Naevius, an event which cannot be proved to be earlier than 206 B.C. The defects of construction and the absence of "cantica" in the Miles also point to this as one of his early plays.
There arose a class of king's thegns, corresponding to the earlier thegns, and a larger class of inferior thegns, some of them the thegns of bishops or of other thegns.
The date of this famous letter was 1767, but after Alceste Gluck was still able to use material from earlier work; and the overture to Armide is adapted from that of Telemacco, written in the year of Bach's death (1750).
The pianoforte trios of Haydn are perhaps the only-works of first-rate artistic importance in which there is no doubt that the earlier stages of the new art do not admit of sufficient polyphony to give the instruments fair play.
There is not room for one together with an independent violoncello part; the wonderful use of muted solo violoncellos in the slow movement of the Pastoral Symphony being a special effect, like the earlier instance in Haydn's 12th Salomon Symphony.
art of music. Something has been said above as to its earlier aspects, in the time of Haydn.
This area was termed " a bow " as early as the 8th century B.C., but the usage was much earlier.
The experience gained in the earlier days of ocean telegraphy, from the failure and abandonment of nearly 50 per cent.
In the earlier forms of instrument the record was made by embossing lines on a ribbon of paper by means of a sharp style fixed to one end of a lever, which carried at the other end the armature of an electromagnet.
(Boston, 1904), or to the earlier and admirably complete Oskischumbrische Grammatik of R.
But even in the earlier group certain variations appear.
a and b would be in themselves too slight to prove an earlier date, but they have perhaps some weight as confirming the evidence of the language.
(ii.) For an upper limit of date, in default of definite evidence, it seems imprudent to go back beyond the 5th]century B.C., since neither in Rome nor Campania have we any evidence of public written documents of any earlier century.
The absence of all mention of either Gauls or Romans seems to prove that this time was at least earlier than 400 B.C.; and the curse may have been composed long before it was written down.
The motions impressed upon the carbon granules are very vigorous, and this together with the particular arrangement of the parts of the instrument is effectual in obviating the difficulty from packing which attended the use of earlier forms of granulated carbon transmitters.
Their possible place in the earlier stratum of, Indo-European population is discussed under SABINI.
Latin will be counted the language of the earlier plebeian stratum of the population of Rome and Latium, probably once spread over a large area of the peninsula, and akin in sijme degree to the language or languages spoken in north Italy before either the Etruscan or the Gallic invasions began.
At first, indeed, the term was apparently confined to the regions of the central and southern districts, exclusive of Cisalpine Gaul and the whole tract north of the Apennines, and this continued to be the official or definite signification of the name down to the end of the republic. But the natural limits of Italy are so clearly marked that the name came to be generally employed as a geographical term at a much earlier period.
During the earlier days of the republic the doge had been a prince elected by the people, and answerable only to the popular assemblies.
He oIdducai left his domains to a natural relative, Cesare dEste, families, who would in earlier days have inherited without dispute, for bastardy had been no bar on more than one occasion in the Este pedigree.
Ten days earlier, namely on the 4th of June, Massna had been compelled by hunger to capitulate at Genoa; but the success at Marengo, followed up by that of Macdonald in north Italy, and Moreat~ at Hohenlinden (December 2, 1800), brought the emperor Francis to sue for peace which was finally concluded -.
Romagna had continued a prey to anarchy ever since 1831; the government organized armed bands called the Centurioni (descended from the earlier Sanfedisti), to terrorize the Liberals, while the secret societies continued their propaganda by deeds.
For the earlier period their authorities were state and family records - above all, the annales maximi (or annales pontificum), the official chronicle of Rome, in which the notable occurrences of each year from the foundation of the city were set down by the pontifex maximus.
B.) S, ifOMAS Osborne, 1st Duke Of (1631-1712), Inglis Statesman, commonly known also by his earlier title of Earl Of Danby, son of Sir Edward Osborne, Bart., of Kiveton, Yorkshire, was born in 1631.
Wolff's influence made the usage habitual, 4 though Schleiermacher and Ritschl, like the Socinians earlier, deny the existence of a natural theology..
Both jus naturale and lex naturalis are as early as Cicero, and the jus gentium of the Roman lawyers is earlier still.
Rhys Davids (American Lectures, p. 37) sums up that, when the name of an earlier deity is 4 See (with writers already mentioned) Sir H.
C. Fraser's Gifford Lectures, or in earlier times in the writings of Christian Wolff, whose sciences, according to the slightly different nomenclature which Kant imposed on them, were " rational psychology," " rational cosmology," and " rational theology."
He is a most difficult writer; different readers understand him differently; and he uses in the earlier parts of his Critique of Pure Reason much of the language of intuitionalism.
But speculative knowledge breaks down or breaks off at an earlier point.
Dismissing his earlier intuitionalism, in order, like Butler, to conciliate an empiricist age, M.
Caird (Glasgow: Fundamental Ideas of Christianity, comp. his earlier Introduc. to the Phil.
As a woman could not prove her case in the judicial combat, it was felt that the earlier practice gave her an unfair advantage.
In the earlier writings of Schelling, containing the philosophy of identity, existence is represented as a becoming, or process of evolution.
A closer scrutiny of the writers of all ages who preceded Charles Darwin, and, in particular, the light thrown back from Darwin on the earlier writings of Herbert Spencer, have made plain that without Darwin the world by this time might have come to a.
It is necessary to notice, however, that although the general course of the stream of life is certain, there is not the same certainty as to the actual individual pedigrees of the existing forms. In the attempts to place existing creatures in approximately phylogenetic order, a striking change, due to a more logical consideration of the process of evolution, has become established and is already resolving many of the earlier difficulties and banishing from the more recent tables the numerous hypothetical intermediate forms so familiar in the older phylogenetic trees.
It must not be supposed that earlier writers all neglected this method, or still less that all writers now employ it, but merely that formerly it was frequently overlooked by the best writers, and now is neglected only by the worst.
The growth of a special " original " jurisdiction at Constantinople, which perhaps developed earlier than the corresponding institution at Rome, may be traced to the fact that bishops from all parts were constantly in Constantinople.
The tsar Michael, in the earlier 17th century, confirmed these immunities in the case of the clergy of the patriarch's own diocese, but provided that in country places belonging to his diocese, monasteries, churches and lands should be judged in secular matters by the Court of the Great Palace, theoretically held before the tsar himself (ib.
Of these risings the most notable was that, in the earlier half of the 14th century, against Louis de Crecy, count of Flanders, under the leadership of Jacob van Artevelde (q.v.).
The present writer has suggested that the word Pali should be reserved for the language of the canon, and other words used for the earlier and later forms of it; 1 but the usage generally followed is so convenient that there is little likelihood of the suggestion being followed.
Geiger in his Mahavamsa and Dipavarrtsa, and the earlier grammatical works by Professor O.
The works on religion and philosophy especially will be of as much service for the history of ideas in these later periods as the publication of the canonical books has already been for the earlier period to which they refer.
customary to fast during Holy Week; and earlier still the Montanists boasted that they observed a two weeks' fast instead of one.
It appears, however, to have been partly derived from yet earlier Tertiary deposits (Eocene); and it occurs also as a derivative mineral in later formations, such as the drift.
It was introduced into France in 1749, and appears to have been grown in Germany and Britain soon after the middle of the last century, if not earlier.
Wren's earlier designs have the exterior of the church arranged with one order of columns; the division of the whole height into two orders was an immense gain in increasing the apparent scale of the whole, and makes the exterior of St Paul's very superior to that of St Peter's in Rome, which is utterly dwarfed by the colossal size of the columns and pilasters of its single order.
The present dome and the drum on which it stands, masterpieces of graceful line and harmonious proportion, were very important alterations from the earlier scheme.
Some of these hymns are probably earlier (1st and 2nd centuries).
The Spermatophyta fall into two classes, Gymncsperms (q.v.) and Angiosperms; the former are the more primitive group, appearing earlier in geological time and showing more resemblance in the course of their life-history to the Pteridophyta.
It does not at first appear to be the same with the bulkier plants, such as the ordinary green herbs, shrubs or trees, but a study of their earlier development indicates that they do not at the outset differ in any way from the simple undifferentiated forms. Each commences its existence as a simple naked protoplast, in the embroyo-sac or the archegonium, as the case may be.
The dissemination of plant parasites is favored by many circumstances not always obvious, whence an air of mystery regarding epidemics was easily created in earlier times.
ti Recently, Warmingi (1909: 136), assisted by VahI, has, odified his earlier classification, and adopted the following: fl A.
Soc. (1897-1898), lxii., and his earlier papers there cited; see also Proc. Camb.
Though Angiosperms become dominant in all known plant-bearing Upper Cretaceous deposits, their origin dates even earlier.
We must, however, agree with Starkie Gardner that it is only Miocene as regards its present position, which was originally farther north, and that its actual origin was much earlier.
This was first suggested by Edward Forbes in I846, though the idea had earlier suggested itself to Darwin (Life, i.
The Mediterranean basin has been a centre of preservation of Mibcene vegetation: the oleander is said to have been found in local deposits of even earlier age, and the hoim oak (Quercus hex) is the living representative of a Miocene ancestor.
The applications of anthropogeography to human uses give rise to political and commercial geography, in the elucidation of which all the earlier departments or stages have to be considered, together with historical and other purely human conditions.
Some of this work was possibly done at a still earlier date.
The Royal Geographical Society, which was founded in London in 1830, comes third on the list; but it may be viewed as a direct result of the earlier African Association founded in 1788.
The study of the evolution of faunas and the comparison of the faunas of distant regions have furnished a trustworthy instrument of pre-historic geographical research, which enables earlier geographical relations of land and sea to be traced out, and the approximate period, or at least the chronological order of the larger changes, to be estimated.
In 1300 the outer ring of walls was completed, the earlier circumvallation being marked by the limit of the Altstadt (old city).
Of his earlier life it was said that he was born in Egypt of Levite parents, and when the Pharaoh commanded that every new-born male child of the Hebrews should be killed, he was put into a chest and cast upon the Nile.
9); in the rabbinic literature "the fathers" are the more eminent of the earlier rabbis whose sayings were handed down for the guidance of posterity.
In the narrower sense thus indicated the "fathers" of the Church are the great bishops and other eminent Christian teachers of the earlier centuries, who were conspicuous for soundness of judgment and sanctity of life; and whose writings remained as a court of appeal for their successors.
Moreover, the great Christological controversies of the age tended to encourage in Christian writers and preachers an intellectual acuteness and an accuracy of thought and expression of which the earlier centuries had not felt the need.
The now censorious Squarcione found much to carp at in the earlier works of this series, illustrating the life of St James; he said the figures were like men of stone, and had better have been coloured stone-colour at once.
Giovanni Bellini, in his earlier works, obviously followed the lead of his brother-in-law Andrea.
Not to speak of earlier periods, a great deal has been written concerning Mantegna of late years.
To the same period belong the book of Micah, the earlier parts of the books of Samuel, of Isaiah and of Proverbs, and perhaps some Psalms. In 722 B.C. Samaria was taken and the Northern kingdom ceased to exist.
In making his selection of halakhoth, Rabbi used the earlier compilations, which are quoted as "words of Rabbi `Agiba" or of R.
Very important for the study of Midrashic literature are the Yalgut (gleaning) Shim`oni, on the whole Bible, the Yalqut Mekhiri, on the Prophets, Psalms, Proverbs and Job, and the Midrash ha-gadhol, 2 all of which are of uncertain but late date and preserve earlier material.
1305), who, however, drew his material in part from earlier written or traditional sources, such as the Sepher Yezirah.
Somewhat earlier in the 13th century lived Judah al-IIarizi, who belongs in spirit to the time of Ibn Gabirol and Judah ha-levi.
Of these Alus is evidently the ancient Auzara or Uzzanesopolis, the city of the old Arabic goddess `Uzza; Haditha, an important town under the Abbasids, was earlier known 'as Baia Malcha; while Jibba has not been identified.
The influence of the German master's earlier style can be traced in his operas.
Its chief distinctions are that during the later Republic and earlier Empire it yielded excellent soldiers, and thus much aided the success of Caesar against Pompey and of Octavian against Antony, and that it gave Rome the poet Virgil (by origin a Celt), the historian Livy, the lyrist Catullus, Cornelius Nepos, the elder and the younger Pliny and other distinguished writers?
The Norman settlers in England felt no community with the earlier Danish settlers in England.
Ranulf Flambard, working together the detached feudal usages of earlier times into a compact and logical system of feudal law, was as characteristic a type of the people as any warrior in the Conqueror's following.
The conquest of England was made directly from Normandy, by the reigning duke, in a comparatively short time, while the conquest of Sicily grew out of the earlier and far more gradual conquest of Apulia and Calabria by private men.
The speech of the Lombards at last got the better of Greek, Arabic and French; how far its ascendancy can have been built on any survival of an earlier Latin speech which had lived on alongside of Greek and Arabic this is not the place to inquire.
England indeed had, possibly in a somewhat ruder form, the earlier style of Romanesque once common to England with Italy, Gaul and Germany.
A comparison of Norman buildings in England and in Normandy will show that the Norman style in England really was affected by the earlier style of England; but the modification was very slight, and it in no way affected the general character of the style.
The name is especially given to the great entrance hall of the Acropolis at Athens, which was begun in 437 B.C. by Pericles, to take the place of an earlier gateway.
What we may call the nobility of earlier occupation makes way for the nobility of office.
But both at Rome and at Athens we see, at a stage earlier than the final reform, an attempt to set up a standard of wealth, either instead of or alongside of the older standard of birth.
Thus the history of nobility at Athens supplies a close analogy to the earlier stages of its history at Rome, but it has nothing answering to its later stages.
As Athens supplies us with a parallel to the older nobility of Rome without any parallel to the later, so Venice supplies us with a parallel to the later nobility of Rome without any parallel to the earlier.
The Great Council of Venice was anything but a primitive institution; it was the artificial institution of a late age, which grew at the expense of earlier institutions, of the prince on the one side and of the people on the other.
757, after driving out Beornred, who had succeeded a few months earlier on the murder of A z Ethelbald.
Many of the earlier editions inserted the name of Torquatus, but it is not found in any of the best manuscripts.
The leading earlier Cynics were Antisthenes, Diogenes of Sinope, Crates of Thebes, and Zeno; in the later Roman period, the chief names are Demetrius (the friend of Seneca), Oenomaus and Demonax.
According to earlier views - repeatedly revived in Protestantism - revelation is just philosophy over again.
Earlier Modern Period.
From Holland, earlier, had proceeded an apologetic work by a man of European fame.
Not to dwell upon earlier continental " Deists " (mentioned by Viret as quoted first in Bayle's Dictionary and again in the introduction to Leland's View of the Deistical Writers), Lord Herbert of Cherbury (De Veritate, 1624; De Religione Gentilium,.
So in Scotland, Thomas Erskine and Thomas Chalmers - the latter in contradiction to his earlier position - hold that the doctrine of salvation, when translated into experience, furnishes " internal evidence " - a somewhat broader use of the phrase than when it applies merely to evidence of date or authorship drawn from the contents of a book.
Sanday or (earlier) of J.
7 §§ 6-8, Agrippa Castor, who lived under Hadrian (117-138), already wrote a polemic against him, so that his activity may perhaps be set back to a date earlier than 138.
That they were not indigenous, but had displaced an earlier Melanesian or Papuan race, the true aborigines, is certain.
If earlier immigrants from Samoa or other eastern Pacific islands arrived they must have become absorbed into the native Papuan population - arguing from the absence of any distinct tradition earlier than that "of the six canoes."
Cannibalism, which earned them in earlier years a terrible name, was generally restricted to the bloodthirsty banquets which always followed a victory.
The most noteworthy, however, of the earlier travellers was James Bruce, the explorer of the Blue Nile.
He is also said to have written, at dates unknown, The London Merchant (which, however, was an earlier name for Beaumont and Fletcher's Knight of the Burning Pestle) and The Royal Combat; a tragedy by him, Beauty in a Trance, was entered in the Stationers' Register in 1653, but never printed.
With Dekker Ford also wrote the mask of The Sun's Darling; or, as seems most probable, they founded this production upon Phaeton, an earlier mask, of which Dekker had been sole author.
The use of the name in its most comprehensive sense dates only from the expansion of the empire in the 19th century; to the historian who writes of the earlier growth of the empire, Russia means, at most, Russia in Europe, or Muscovy, as it was usually called until the 18th century, from Moscow, its ancient capital.
higher portions of the plateau formation the empire has only comparatively recently planted its foot on the Pamir, and it was only a few years earlier that it established itself firmly on the highlands of Armenia.
Two different races - a brachycephalic and a dolichocephaliccan be distinguished among the remains of the earlier Stone period (Lacustrine period) as having inhabited the plains of E.
As early as the 8th century, and probably still earlier, a stream of Slav colonization, advancing E.
Miliukov, La Crise russe (Paris, 1907; an earlier English edition appeared in 1905); Bernard Pares, Russia and Reform (1907); A.
There are, however, some traces of earlier buildings at a different orientation.
from earlier buildings have been used in the construction of these fortifications: from their small size they may be mostly attributed to private houses.
Before that time the St Paul had been a great local railway, operating primarily in the Dakotas, Minnesota, Iowa, Wisconsin and Illinois; but by the construction of a long arm from the Missouri river to Spokane, Seattle and Tacoma, it became a transcontinental line of the first importance, avoiding the mistakes of earlier railway builders by securing a line with easy gradients through the most favourable regions.
Twenty years of experience and observation had revealed the defects of the earlier legislation, and had concentrated public attention more intelligently than ever before upon the problem of strengthening the weak spots.
In the earlier years of American railway building, each project was commonly the subject of a special law; then special laws were in turn succeeded by general railway laws in the several states, and these in turn have come to be succeeded in most parts of the country by jurisdiction vested in the' state railway commission.
Although this fact will not in itself make the companies liable to any process of reorganization similar to that following insolvency and foreclosure of the American railway, it is probable that reorganization of some sort must nevertheless take place in Great Britain, and it may well be questioned whether the position of the transportation system of that country would not have been better if it had been built up and projected on the experience gained by actual earlier losses, as in the United States.
This high mean pressure cannot be maintained for long, because as the speed increases the demand for steam per unit of time increases, so that cut-off must take place earlier and earlier in the stroke, the limiting steady speed being attained when the rate at which steam is supplied to the cylinders is adjusted by the cut-off to be equal to the maximum rate at which the boiler can produce steam, which depends upon the maximum rate at which coal can be burnt per square foot of grate.
In the operation of intra-urban railwa y s, steam locomotives, cables and electricity have severally been tried: the first having been used in the earlier examples of underground lines and in the various elevated systems in the United States.
He was born at his mother's castle of Xavier or Xavero, at the foot of the Pyrenees and close to the little town of Sanguesa, on the 7th of April 1506, according to a family register, though his earlier biographers fix his birth in 1497.
and li., and in Greek literature the striking words which Porphyry quotes from an earlier writer, "We ought, then, having been united and made like to God, to offer our own conduct as a holy sacrifice to Him, the same being also a hymn and our salvation in passionless excellence of soul" (Euseb.
The change is marked in the rituals by the duplication of the liturgical forms. The prayers of intercession and oblation, which in earlier times are found only in connexion with the former offering, are repeated in the course of the same service in connexion with the latter.
The designations and epithets which are in earlier times applied.
His account of his visits to England, entitled The Indian Eye on English Life (1893), passed through three editions, and an earlier book of a somewhat satirical nature, Gujarat and the Gujaratis (1883), was equally popular.
The earlier usage of the Armenians is expressed in the two following rules recorded against them by a renegade Armenian prelate named Isaac, who in the 8th century went over to the Byzantine church: "Christ did not hand down to us the teaching to celebrate the mystery of the offering of the bread in church, but in an ordinary house, and sitting at a common table.
It is clear that at an earlier date the agape preceded the eucharist.
The documents underlying the Pentateuch and book of Joshua, represented by the ciphers J, E, D and P, are assumed to have been drawn up in the chronological order in which those ciphers are here set down, and the period of their composition extends from the 9th century B.C., in which the earlier portions of J were written, to the 5th century B.C., in which P finally took shape.
The tradition of the earliest document J ascribes the worship of Yahweh to much earlier times, in fact to the dawn of human life.
This tendency, however, he, unlike the earlier conservative writers, rightly considers to have emerged out of polytheism.
Similarly in the earlier pre-exilian period of Israel's occupation of Canaanite territory the Hebrews were always subject to this tendency to worship the old Baal or `Ashtoreth (the goddess who made the cattle and flocks prolific).3 A few years of drought or of bad seasons would make a Hebrew settler betake himself to the old Canaanite gods.
Finally the Deutero-Isaiah conveyed to captive Israel the message of Yahweh's unceasing love and care, and the certainty of their return to Judaea and the restoration of the national prosperity which Ezekiel had already announced in the earlier period of the exile.
in the laws respecting slavery and war)' that subdues or even removes the harshness of earlier laws or usages.
The first is represented by the Deutero-Isaiah, who constitutes the climax and close of Hebrew prophetism, which is henceforth (with the possible exception of the Trito-Isaiah, Malachi and Jonah, who reproduce some features of the earlier prophecy) a virtually arrested development.
Out of these earlier conceptions the idea of the divine wisdom (Heb.