Primary dysmenorrhea usually presents during adolescence, within three years of menarche.
Secondary dysmenorrhea involves an underlying physical cause, such as uterine fibroids, pelvic inflammatory disease, or endometriosis.
There are several types of dysmenorrhea: primary dysmenorrhea refers to menstrual pain that occurs in otherwise healthy women.
Endometriosis is the most common cause of secondary dysmenorrhea and is frequently misdiagnosed as primary dysmenorrhea.
Girls who have not had a menstrual period by age 16 or who have not shown any signs of breast development or other indications of puberty by age 14 should be examined for causes of primary dysmenorrhea.
See also Atopic dermatitis; Dysmenorrhea; Sports injuries.
Dysmenorrhea is the medical term for menstrual cramps, the dull or throbbing pain in the lower abdomen that many women experience just before and during their menstrual periods.
Primary dysmenorrhea involves no abnormality.
Complications can arise from secondary dysmenorrhea.
Whether the dysmenorrhea is primary or secondary, there are effective ways to treat menstrual pain.
Dysmenorrhea refers to the pain or discomfort associated with menstruation.
Although many teens do not suffer from dysmenorrhea because their uterus is still growing, they may get it several years after their first period begins.
Primary dysmenorrhea is the more common type of dysmenorrhea and is due to the production of prostaglandins.
Secondary dysmenorrhea is defined as menstrual pain due to pelvic pathology.
A focused history and physical examination are usually sufficient to make the diagnosis of primary dysmenorrhea.
It is usually possible to differentiate dysmenorrhea from premenstrual syndrome (PMS) based on the patient's history.
Secondary dysmenorrhea is controlled by treating the underlying disorder.
"Dysmenorrhea." eMedicine, October 12, 2004.
Dysmenorrhea - Implants located throughout the pelvis can lead to painful periods.
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