How to use Duodenal in a sentence
The sphincter of Oddi surrounds the ampulla and prevents reflux of duodenal contents into the pancreatic duct.
A nasogastric tube was inserted and this plain abdominal x-ray shows the ' double-bubble ' appearance of duodenal atresia.
Squirts of acidic chyme through the pylorus trigger hormonal responses mediated by enteroendocrine cells in the duodenal wall.
With prophylactic colectomy, the main risks to life are the development of duodenal cancer or desmoid tumors.
Duodenal switch is a modification of the biliopancreatic diversion, which tends to achieve less postoperative diarrhea.Advertisement
Another significant example along these lines is that of duodenal ulcer, having multifactor etiology.
An ulcer in the stomach is called a gastric ulcer or stomach ulcer; one in the duodenum is called a duodenal ulcer.
For the treatment of NSAID-associated gastric ulcers, duodenal ulcers or gastroduodenal erosions The recommended dosage of Losec is 20 mg once daily.
To ensure healing in patients with active peptic ulcer disease, see further dosage recommendations for duodenal and benign gastric ulcer.
In most cases of duodenal ulcer or benign gastric ulcer healing occurs within 4 weeks.Advertisement
It was concluded that H. pylori eradication reduces ulcer recurrence in patients with H. pylori associated perforated duodenal ulceration.
Duodenal obstruction is a partial or complete obstruction of the duodenum, the first part of the small intestine.
In infants and children, congenital defects (anomalies) usually cause duodenal obstruction, and symptoms are present at birth or shortly after when the infant attempts to feed.
In newborns, congenital duodenal obstruction can occur when the duodenal channel (duodenal lumen) is not correctly formed (recanalized) during fetal development.
The duodenum may have a membrane reducing the channel size (lumen), or two blind pouches instead of one duodenal channel, or a gap or flap of tissue may be present.Advertisement
This condition is known as duodenal atresia, and it results in duodenal obstruction.
About 30 to 50 percent of infants born with duodenal atresia also have Down syndrome, and some have cardiac abnormalities as well.
Duodenal atresia can occur with other conditions such as a narrowing of the duodenal lumen (duodenal stenosis) or twisting of the duodenum around itself (duodenal volvulus).
Inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis) may also accompany duodenal atresia.
Malrotation of the duodenum is a more common cause of duodenal obstruction, typically appearing in the first few weeks of life.Advertisement
Malrotation can also occur with duodenal volvulus or volvulus lower in the bowel.
Surgery is required immediately to correct this type of duodenal obstruction.
Duodenal atresia, one of the causes of duodenal obstruction, affects one in 10,000 live births in the United States and is found equally among boys and girls and more often among premature births.
Intestinal malrotation is a more common cause, occurring in one in 500 live births, although only a small percentage of these have duodenal malrotation.
The duodenal channel may be underdeveloped (duodenal hypoplasia), narrowed (duodenal stenosis), or the duodenum channel may not be properly formed (duodenal atresia).Advertisement
Vomiting is the prevailing symptom of duodenal obstruction and may occur in the first day of life.
An echocardiogram and chest x rays may be done to evaluate the infant for any other possible abnormalities, including cardiac defects and abnormal development of the pancreas, which is often associated with duodenal obstruction.
Duodenal obstruction requires surgery, but it is not always urgent.
Surgery to correct duodenal atresia is usually duodenoduodenostomy.
It involves opening the duodenum channel along its length from the stomach to the next portion of intestine, correcting the duodenal lumen end to end (gastrojejunal anastomosis) so that it is a fully open channel.Advertisement
If malrotation or duodenal volvulus has caused the blood supply to be cut off in a portion of the intestine before surgery, death of intestinal tissue can result and life-threatening gangrene can develop.
No specific measures are recommended to prevent congenital anomalies that result in duodenal obstruction.
Parents can be reassured that newer surgical techniques have constantly improved the outcome of surgeries for intestinal obstruction, including duodenal obstruction.
Duodenal volvulus occurs when the duodenum, the portion of small intestine that connects the stomach and jejunum, is twisted.
Air in the stomach may confirm the presence of fistula; gas in the large intestine rules out intestinal (duodenal) atresia.Advertisement
This disorder, called duodenal atresia, interferes with the baby's milk or formula leaving the stomach and entering the intestine for digestion.
For example, heart defects often times require surgical repair, as will duodenal atresia.