- For a general account of the digestive organs, see Alimentary Canal.
They are metamerically placed, and belong to the same metamere as the digestive caeca, thus alternating with the generative sacs.
The digestive tract of Patella offers some interesting features.
Behind the digestive stomach are situated, as usual, intestine and rectum, and the number of kidney (Malpighian) tubes varies from only six to over a hundred, being usually great.
The visceral commissure, while still surrounding the digestive tract, becomes looped; its right half, with its proper ganglion, passes to the left side over the dorsal face of the alimentary canal (whence the name supra-intestinal), while the left half passes below towards the right side, thus originating the name infra-intestinal given to this half and to its ganglion.
Indeed he was so much prepossessed in favour of a classification based on the structure of the digestive organs that he could not bring himself to consider vocal muscles to be of much taxonomic use, and it was reserved to Johannes Muller to point out that the contrary was the fact.
18, in the Heteronemertines the lateral stems, while entirely uniform all through the posterior portion of the body, no longer individually exist in the oesophageal region, but here dissolve themselves into a network of vascular spaces surrounding this portion of the digestive tract.
The genital products develop in intermediate spaces similarly limited by these dissepiments and alternating with the digestive caeca.
Food is imbibed through the skin from the digestive juices of the host in which the Acanthocephala live.
Just below the crown of tentacles, however, the body widens out to form a " head," termed the hydranth (a), containing a stomach-like dilatation of the digestive cavity.
They are not merely digestive glands, but are sufficiently wide to act as receptacles of food, and in them the digestion of food proceeds just as in the axial portion of the canal.
The oesophagus is the anterior portion of the digestive canal; its walls are folded longitudinally, comparatively thick and provided with longitudinal muscular fibres.
UTeµaxos from UT6pa, a mouth), the bag-like digestive organ which in man is situated in the upper left part of the abdomen.
The crop is followed by a proventriculus which, in the higher Hymenoptera, forms the so-called " honey stomach," by the contraction of whose walls the solid and liquid food can be separated, passed on into the digestive stomach, or held in the crop ready for regurgitation into the mouth.
The digestive system consists of a simple or bifurcated sac, opening through the mouth by means of a "pharynx bulbosus," adapted to act primarily as a sucker, and secondarily, when drawing blood, as an aspirator.
Formerly it was said that the head consisted of four the whole digestive tract may be ectodermal.
The digestive system has a slender gullet, a large crop and no gizzard; in some Hemiptera the hinder region of the mid-gut forms a twisted loop with the gullet.
Brooks regards these organs as sensory, serving for the sense of balance, and representing a primitive stage of the tentaculocysts of Trachylinae; Linko, on the other hand, finding no nerve-elements connected with them, regards them as digestive (?) in function.
But, on the ground of their air-bladder being closed, or deprived of a pneumatic duct communicating with the digestive canal, such as is characteristic of the Malacopterygians, they were removed from them and placed with the flat-fishes, or Pleuronectidae, in a suborder Anacanthini, regarded as intermediate in position between the Acanthopterygians, or spiny-finned fishes, and the Malacopterygians.
For the special pathological details of various diseases, see the separate articles on Parasitic Diseases; Neuro-Pathology; Digestive Organs; Respiratory System; Blood: Circulation; Metabolic Diseases; Fever; Bladder; Kidneys; Skin Diseases; EYE Diseases; Heart Disease; EAR, &c.; and the articles on different diseases and ailments under the headings of their common names.
Thus the digestive function, in its largest sense, is now seen to consist, not only in preparation and supply, but in no small measure also of protective and antidotal conversions of the matters submitted to it; coincidently with agents of digestion proper are found in the circuit of normal digestion "anti-substances" which neutralize or convert peptones in their poisonous phases; an autochthonous ferment, such as rennet for instance, calling forth an anti-rennet, and so on.
The cilia are lost, the eye-spots disappear, the digestive sac vanishes and the larva becomes a sac or "sporocyst" full of germ-cells.
In 1865 Kowalevsky discovered that the organs of respiration consist of numerous pairs of gill-slits leading from the digestive canal through the thickness of the body-wall to the exterior.
B, Digestive gland from interior A, B, and C magnified about of pitcher, in pocket-like deI oo diameters.
It is very probable that in Scorpio they do not serve merely to secrete a digestive fluid (shown in other Arthropoda to resemble the pancreatic fluid), but that they also become distended by the juices of the prey sucked in by the scorpion - as certainly must occur in the case of the simple unbranched gastric caeca of the spiders.
(X 15 after Leuckart.) B, Distomum macrostomum, showing the digestive and the greater part of the genital apparatus with the cirrus protruded.
For internal anatomy, specially the digestive organs, see L.
Not only is the coelom thus subdivided, but the enteron (gut, alimentary canal, digestive tube) itself shows indications of three main subsections in continuity with one another: - (I) proboscis-gut (Eicheldarm, stomochord, vide infra); (2) collar-gut (buccal cavity, throat); (3) truncal gut extending from the collar to the vent.
The parasitic actinula is found attached to the proboscis of the medusa; it thrusts its greatly elongated hypostome into the mouth of the medusa and nourishes itself upon the food in the digestive cavity of its host.
(From Owen.) of the liver or great digestive gland is found in the scorpions, where the axial portion of the digestive canal is short and straight, and the lateral ducts sufficiently wide to admit food into the ramifications of the gland there to be digested; whilst in the spiders the gland is reduced to a series of simple caeca.
The liver opens by two ducts into the digestive FIG.
Digestive System, &c. - L.
But whilst in Trematoda a digestive sac is invariably present except in the sporocyst larval stage, the Cestodes possess no trace of this organ at any stage of their development.
Some of the central cells remain in clumps as "germ-balls," others form a mesenchyma in which "flame-cells" arise; others again give rise to muscles; and at the thicker end of the body, rudiments of the brain and digestive system are observable.
it has a pharynx and short straight digestive sac: and its mesenchymatous cavities are filled with germ-balls in various stages of development.
A number of glands on the interior of the pitcher secrete a plentiful fluid which has digestive properties.
We can distinguish (I) digestive endoderm, in the stomach, often with special glandular elements; (2) circu-, latory endoderm, in the radial and ring canals; (3) supporting endoderm in the axes of the tentacles and in the endodermlamella; the latter is primitively a double layer of cells, produced by concrescence OC-- = w.?"
The coenosarc constitutes a system by which the digestive cavity of any one polyp is put into communication with that of any other individual either of the trophosome or gonosome.
In the structure of the digestive system, beetles resemble most other mandibulate insects, the food-canal consisting of gullet, crop, gizzard, mid-gut or stomach, intestine and rectum.
C, A young redia, the digestive tract shaded.
In Carinella they are generally deficient and the intestine straight; in young specimens of this species, however, they occur, though less regular and more in the form of incipient foldings by which the digestive surface is, increased.
Within the cytoplasm are found manifestations of functional activity, in the form of digestive vacuoles, granules, fat, glycogen, pigment, and foreign bodies.
A, Dorsal view showing the nervous system and digestive system; a, mouth; b, pharynx; c, d, e, gut; E, post-genital union of two limbs of gut; f, excretory pore; g, vaginal pore; h, j, k, brain and nerves; 1, dorsal nerves; m, ventral nerves; n, adoral sucker; o, posterior sucker; p, hooks on posterior sucker; r, vitello-intestinal duct.
It has been proved that the secretion contains a digestive ferment capable of rendering proteid matter soluble.
The fate of these inorganiccompounds has not been certainly traced, but they give rise later on to the presence in the plant of various amino acid amides, such as leucin, glycin, asparagin, &c. That these are stages on the way to proteids has been inferred from the fact that when proteids are split up by various means, and especially by the digestive secretions, these nitrogen-containing acids are among the products which result.
movement flexure is also produced by the coiling of the visceral sac and shell; primitively the latter was bowl-shaped; but the ventral flexure, which brings together the two extremities of the digestive tube, gives the visceral sac the outline of a more or less acute cone.
Eulima, foot well developed, with an operculum, animal usually free, but some live in the digestive cavity of Holothurians.
For the diseases of the stomach in general see Digestive Organs; and for special forms Gastritis, Gastric Ulcer, Dyspepsia, &C.; also Abdomen (Abdominal Surgery).
I) is in many ways closely allied to the Trematoda, from which, however, it is distinguished by the '- want of a digestive system.
In both these cases the stimulation is followed, not only by movement, but by the secretion of an acid liquid containing a digestive juice, by virtue of which the insect is digested after being killed.
Accordingly, the teeth and the whole digestive tract are modified.
On the ether hand, a survey of the facts of cellular embryology which were accumulated in regard to a variety of classes within a few years of Kovalevsky's work led to a generalization, independently arrived at by Haeckel and Lankester, to the effect that a lower grade of animals may be distinguished, the Protozoa or Plastidozoa, which consist either of single cells or colonies of equiformal cells, and a higher grade, the Metazoa or Enterozoa, in which the egg-cell by " cell division " gives rise to two layers of cells, the endoderm and the ectoderm, surrounding a primitive digestive chamber, the archenteron.
A pair of ducts (ai) lead from the first enlargement of the alimentary tract called stomach into a pair of large digestive glands, the socalled liver, the branches of which are closely packed in this region (af).
Taken by the mouth, the drug is apt to cause considerable digestive disturbance, varying in different cases and sometimes so severe as to cause serious difficulty.
ds, Position through which digestive system passes.
All young grubs are at first fed with a specially nutritious food, discharged from the worker's stomach, to which is added a digestive secretion derived from special salivary glands in the worker's head.
Whether infection can be introduced through the digestive tract by infected food is doubtful.
34, and in the constitution of its digestive, vascular, respiratory (branchial), excretory, skeletal, nervous and muscular systems it exhibits what appears to be a primordial condition of vertebrate organization, a condition which is, in fact, partly recapitulated in the course of the embryonic stages of craniate vertebrates.
This, like the excretion of the sundew and other insectivorous plants, contains a digestive ferment (or enzyme) which renders the nitrogenous substances of the body of the insect soluble, and capable of absorption by the leaf.
For many years pepsine has been used as a remedy in dyspepsia to supplement the deficiency of digestive juice in the stomach, and it has been used popularly in dyspepsia for a still longer period.
The secretion of some digestive glands would prove poisonous if absorbed unchanged.
It has already been mentioned that water is absolutely necessary for the body: by taking it hot it does not lie like a weight on the stomach, and by taking it an hour before meals it washes out the remnants of the previous meal; and being absorbed into the blood, it probably renders the secretion of gastric juice freer and accelerates digestion, instead of diluting it and interfering with the digestive processes.
In the case of diphtheria Sidney Martin obtained toxic albumoses in the spleen, which he considered were due to the digestive action of an enzyme formed by the bacillus in the membrane and absorbed into the circulation.
But this has not been proved, and hitherto no enzyme has been separated from a pathogenic bacterium capable of forming, by digestive or other action, the toxic bodies from proteids outside the body.
As a result of the union of the three substances, a dissolving or digestive action is often to be observed.
We have no distinct proof that there occurs in active immunity any education of the phagocytes, in Metchnikoff's sense, that is, any increase of the inherent ingestive or digestive activity of these cells.
Much of such evidence possesses considerable weight, and seeing that these cells possess active digestive powers it is by no means improbable that substances with corresponding properties may be set free by them.
Whether bacteria will be destroyed or not after they have been ingested by the leucocytes will depend upon the digestive powers of the latter, and these probably vary in different species of animals.
variations in the bactericidal action of the serum in vivo, variations in the chemiotactic or opsonic properties of the serum in vivo, and variations in the digestive properties of the leucocytes of the particular animal.
The endoderm is generally also an epithelium one cell in thickness, the cells being digestive, secretory and sometimes muscular.
The Hydromedusae are distinguished from the Scyphozoa chiefly by negative characters; they have no stomodaeum, that is, no ingrowth of ectoderm at the mouth to form an oesophagus; they have no mesenteries (radiating partitions) which incompletely subdivide the coelenteron; and they have no concentration of digestive cells into special organs.
The Scyphozoa have the following features in common: - They typically exhibit an ectodermal stomodaeum; partitions or mesenteries project into their coelenteron from the body-wall, and on these are generally concentrated digestive cells (to form mesenterial filaments, phacellae or gastric filaments, &c.); the external musculature of the body-wall is circular (except in Cerianthus); the internal, longitudinal; and the sexual cells probably always arise in the endoderm.
As regards the other three groups, however, it is easy to conceive of them as derived from an ancestor, represented to-day to some extent by the planula-larva, which was Coelenterate in so far as it was composed of an ectoderm and endoderm, and had an internal digestive cavity (I.
2a and 2b), to take a familiar example, the digestive tract begins with the mouth, of FIG.
The mid-gut is essentially the digestive and absorptive region of the alimentary canal, and its surface is, in most cases, increased by pouch-like or tubular outgrowths which not only serve as glands for the secretion of the digestive juices, but may also become filled by the more fluid portion of the partially digested food and facilitate its absorption.
In addition to the digestive and excretory glands already mentioned, various glandular structures occur in the different groups of Crustacea.
(new series) of the American Journal of Science, 1904.) Digestive System.
If the sulphate is prescribed in the form of a pill, it may be so coated as only to be soluble in the intestinal digestive fluid.
But the larvae of the Ecaudata are mainly herbivorous and the digestive tract is accordingly extremely elongate and coiled up like the spring of a watch.
While in the alimentary canal they are subjected to the action of the digestive fluids and the varied contents of the stomach and intestines, and after absorption they come under the influence of the constituents of the blood and lymph, and of the chemical action of the tissue cells.
Drugs acting on the digestive tract.
Digestive disease/upset: Enter all conditions apparently of digestive origin such as diarrhea, rumen acidosis, rumen atony/stasis, displaced abomasum.
Treatment to neutralize the acidity of the digestive juices can help to relieve the symptoms of the ulcer.
acinusrine Pancreas The exocrine part of the pancreas has closely packed serous acini, similar to those of the digestive glands.
alleviatea calming effect on the digestive system, thereby alleviating gastrointestinal distress and may help to reduce diarrhea.
Barium examinations are a common test using this method which shows up the digestive system with the use of a liquid called barium examinations are a common test using this method which shows up the digestive system with the use of a liquid called barium.
biscuitng down the stairs and sobbing because I broke my digestive cookie.
Cream is better than milk, as most cats digestive systems can handle the butterfat.
Trikatu formula increases the digestive fire, which then burns away these accumulated toxins and cleanses the alimentary canal.
Dexamethasone A steroid drug Enterobacter cloacae An organism that is normally found in the digestive tract.
These strong strains of digestive bacteria will also culture coconut water from young coconuts or any milk product.
cupful of this infusion is drunk about half-an-hour before meals to stimulate the appetite, or after meals to treat digestive disorders.
Also, the digestive system needs some space to operate in, so stuffing yourself to the maximum will actually inhibit digestion.
Similarly one plain digestive has a Points value of 1, whilst two biscuits have a Points value of 2½ .
The herb's qualities as an excellent digestive are also valuable: this can be a tricky area as we age.
digestive tracts compared to adults, should go about twice a day.
digestive enzymes to turn on your pancreas?
digestive biscuits in compensation.
digestive juices are not activated for good assimilation.
digestive upset are likely to be able to tolerate less food than average.
digestive enhancers can be most beneficial.
Anyway, I'm pleased to report that a nice cup of tea and a chocolate digestive restored her back to her normal self.
Using LCMS techniques, we have already proven that chalcone release takes place in the parasite digestive vacuole.
Lack of fiber is a prime cause of many rabbit digestive problems.
Click Here Further Details Texas Virtual Clinic Information on common digestive problems including dysphagia (difficulty swallowing ), heartburn, anorexia.
One is to take digestive enzymes to help your body to get the most from your food.
The apple pectin helps to regulate the digestive system and to metabolize fatty acids.
fibre laxative action is provided by the insoluble fiber contained in the fig which helps in moving food through the digestive system.
White Stilton & Lemon For a quick and easy cheesecake, top a digestive cookie with a generous helping for an instant bliss fix.
A variety of digestive processes can remove the available nitrogen compounds from the smallest gnat to a full grown rat.
All our digestive, blood and respiratory systems are needed to provide energy for muscle systems - again - to overcome gravitation!
Special diets to prevent hairball contain high levels of fiber, which pet nutrition increases the amount of water held in the digestive tract.
incorrect positioning of buckets or artificial teats can also cause digestive disorders, leading to diarrhea.
indigestible carbohydrate in food, which acts like a broom to sweep out the digestive tract.
Good for the digestive system Asparagus contains a prebiotic fiber called inulin.
In the case of animals, digestive juices - especially hydrochloric acid in the stomach - deal with many bacteria on food.
laxative action is provided by the insoluble fiber contained in the fig which helps in moving food through the digestive system.
Fasting has been used by patients for weight management, to rest the digestive tract and for lowering lipids.
malabsorption syndrome from lack of digestive enzymes.
Ailments such as headaches, skin disorders and digestive disorders are seen as the results of spinal misalignment.
Just because my digestive system is offended, this does not a scary movie make.
neutralize the acidity of the digestive juices can help to relieve the symptoms of the ulcer.
Moreover, mortality data show an increased rate of cancers for the digestive organs in the Department.
pansy seeds are eaten readily by chaffinches and a small number survive passage through the digestive system to germinate in the droppings.
peppermint tea may be taken to ease digestive upsets, or just for its wonderful natural flavor.
Acid and the digestive enzyme pepsin are secreted here.
peristalsis moves food along the digestive system.
Renagel® binds phosphate from food in the digestive tract.
regurgitated digestive juices.
serous acini, similar to those of the digestive glands.
soften the stools, making them easier to pass through the digestive tract.
soluble fiber to help maintain a healthy digestive system.
It was therefore accepted at the time that the attack on her digestive system had been the result of a tropical sprue.
Back to top Herbal Advice: Many liver herbs are bitter or sour; these act as a digestive stimulant.
The latter especially helps soften the stools, making them easier to pass through the digestive tract.
swilling drinks during exercise does NOT increase your risk of digestive system problems.
An infusion taken two to three times daily is a digestive tonic or can be used externally to wash wounds.
Probiotics and Beneficial Bacteria Researchers estimate that more than 400 species of bacteria inhabit the digestive tract.
Ideally small children, who have got very short digestive tracts compared to adults, should go about twice a day.
A cookie or tablet which is a nutritional supplement for dogs with digestive upsets.
Symptoms may affect the skin, digestive system, behavior, arthritis or even urinary incontinence.
Several forms of secondary digestive vacuoles were recognized in these cells.
Vera juice is also very good for the digestive tract.
The secretion wets an insect very rapidly, but, so far as is known, seems to be completely destitute of digestive power - indeed, rather to accelerate decomposition.
(I) The polyp, when present, is without the strongly developed longitudinal retractor muscles, forming ridges (taeniolae) projecting into the digestive cavity, seen in the scyphistoma or scyphopolyp. (2) The medusa, when' present, has a velum and is hence said to be craspedote; the nervous system forms two continuous rings running above and below the velum; the margin of the umbrella is not lobed (except in Narcomedusae) but entire; there are characteristic differences in the sense-organs (see below, and Scyphomedusae); and gastral filaments (phacellae), subgenital pits, &c., are absent.
In different parts of the coelenteron the endoderm may be of three principal types - (i) digestive endoderm, the primitive type, with cells of large size and considerably vacuolated, found in the hydranth; some of these cells may become special glandular cells, without flagella or contractile processes; (2) circulatory endoderm, without vacuoles and without basal contractile processes, found in the hydrorhiza and hydrocaulus; (3) supporting endoderm (fig.
It consists of a hollow tube, or tubes, of which the wall is made up of the two body-layers, ectoderm and endoderm, and the cavity is a continuation of the digestive cavities of the nutritive and other appendages, i.e.
A crop-like dilatation of the gut and a recurved intestine, embedded in the compact yellowish-brown liver, the ducts of which open into it, form the rest of the digestive tract and occupy a large bulk of the visceral hump. The buccal region presents a pair of shelly jaws placed laterally upon the lips, and a wide range of variation in the form of the denticles of the lingual ribbon or radula.
The liver is no longer a compact organ opening by a pair of ducts into the median digestive tract, but we find very numerous hepatic diverticula on a shortened axial tract (fig.
A special " sympathetic " system arises by paired nerves from the oesophageal connectives; these nerves unite, and send back a median recurrent nerve associated with ganglia on the gullet and crop, whence proceed cords to various parts of the digestive system.
seems to have attempted to found any scientific arrangement of birds on other than external characters until, in 1837, William Macgillivray issued the first volume of his History of British Birds, wherein, though professing (p. 19) " not to add a new system to the many already in partial use, or that have passed away like their authors," he propounded (pp. 16-18) a scheme for classifying the birds of Europe at least founded on a " consideration of the digestive organs, which merit special attention, on account, not so much of their great importance in the economy of birds, as the nervous, vascular and other systems are not behind them in this respect; but because, exhibiting great diversity of form and structure, in accordance with the nature of the food, they are more obviously qualified to afford a basis for the classification of the numerous species of birds " (p. 52).
This they take up into their protoplasm, where it is rapidly digested by being acted on by some intracellular digestive ferment (fig.
in the blue line on the gums around the roots of the teeth due to the formation of lead sulphide, or in chronic lead poisoning, where absorption may have taken place through the digestive tract, or, in the case of workers in lead and lead paints, through the skin.
TAPEWORMS. The Cestodes or Tapeworms form a class of purely endoparasitic Platyelmia, characterized by their elongate shape, segmented bodies, and the absence of a digestive system.
c, Nearly ripe cercariae; cc, cystogenous cells; dr, daughter-redia; dt, limbs of the digestive tract; f, head-papilla; h, eye-spots; h', same degenerating; k', germinal cell; 1, cells of the anterior row; m, embryo in optical section, gastrula stage; n, pharynx of redia; o, digestive sac; oe, oesophagus.
In the anthopolyp, on the other hand, the digestive cavity is always subdivided by so-called mesenteries, in-growths of the endoderm containing vertical lamellae of mesogloea (see Anthozoa).
ti on and secretes digestive ?????
The digestive tube is straight and simple, wider in its anterior part, into which opens the duct of the hepatic caecum (fig.
In all cases the important action is the binding of complement to the bacterium by means of the corresponding immune body; whether or not death of the bacterium occurs, will depend upon its susceptibility to the action of the particular complement, the latter acting like a toxin or digestive ferment.
(For the pathology see Digestive Organs.) Recently considerable advance has been made in our knowledge of dysentery, and it appears that there are two distinct types of the disease: (1) amoebic dysentery, which is due to the presence of the amoeba histolytica (of Schaudinn) in the intestine; (2) bacillary dysentery, which has as causative agent two separate bacteria, (a) that discovered by Shiga in Japan, (b) that discovered by Flexner in the Philippine Islands.
The food requirements of adult flies are mainly for carbohydrates which are taken in liquid form having been dissolved by regurgitated digestive juices.
Apple Powder - is a great source of water soluble fiber to help maintain a healthy digestive system.
They need ad lib good quality hay, both to keep their digestive system healthy and to stave off boredom.
Rule 7: Swilling drinks during exercise does NOT increase your risk of digestive system problems.
Aloe vera juice is also very good for the digestive tract.
Research shows that these beneficial cultures are abundant in the digestive tracts of breastfed babies and so Nestle developed Good Start Natural Cultures.
Breast milk apparently causes less digestive problems in infants.
Because the mouth is the beginning of the digestive process, yeast overgrowth here can travel through the gastrointestinal tract and come out the other end.
Domestication has changed the behavior and appearance of cats, but not their digestive systems.
As cats evolved, their digestive systems adapted to accommodate the available food.
Because the nutrients that cats need are already present in whole prey, their systems do not convert and produce necessary nutrients from their foods, but rely on the prey's digestive system to do this for them.
When they groom themselves they ingest the clay which can cause a blockage in their digestive systems and can be fatal.
Veterinarians have a theory that eating grass provides extra fiber to help cats cough up hairballs and clear their digestive tracts.
Butter is thought to help loosen the hair clod, and the extra fiber found in squash is believed to help keep the mass moving out of the digestive tract.
These masses can be large and hard, sometimes too big to either cough up or pass on through the digestive system.
Probiotics keep your feline's digestive system working efficiently.
Watch your cat for any signs of digestive distress.
The only carbohydrates they are likely to get are those that may be still encased in the digestive system of their prey.
Cats have a digestive system that doesn't require much more than meat.
These herbs are added to sooth the cat's digestive system in a similar way to the natural grass chewing that cats do.Using a variety of oils fulfills your cat's needs for Omega-3 and Omega-6 acids.
Too much change can cause an animal to be finicky about her food or even give her digestive problems.Once you find a food that your cat loves and that seems to work well for her, use it exclusively.
While these ingredients will fill your animal up, they may just as easily give your pet digestive problems.
Some of these ingredients may be harmful to animals with allergies while others cause digestive problems.
Holistic cat foods are formulated with the idea that a cat's digestive system is still the same as that of her wild feline cousins who wouldn't normally have access to potatoes, livestock hooves, or dried, powdered chicken feathers.
Working with your vet to tailor-make a pet's diet will improve your favorite feline's life and digestive health.
This allows your cat to adjust to the new diet without digestive upset.
By the end of the two week period, your cat should be eating only the raw food and her digestive system should be working efficiently.
Tapeworms generally begin their life cycle on a flea and then migrate into the cat's digestive system when she grooms herself and ingests the flea.
She will often lick their abdomens to stimulate the digestive system and help them urinate and defecate.
The controversy stems from the fact that bentonite clay litters may enter the lungs and digestive tracts of a cat and trigger negative effects.
Should it enter the digestive tract, it can quickly absorb water and form blockages.
When ingested, clay litter may pose an even more serious threat to the digestive tract.
As carnivores, high-carbohydrate products containing grains and cereals are inappropriate for cats' digestive systems.
Even a home-cooked diet may mess with your cat's delicate digestive system.
This is reflected in their digestive systems, their tooth structure and their behavior.
Carbohydrates involve a different digestive process and enzymes which cats are lacking.
Cattle and other animals: As more cattle are raised for milk and beef more methane is naturally released into the atmosphere during their digestive process.
Soothing stomach and basic mealtime tea: This tea can be used for all around good digestive health and to calm achy stomachs.
Brazilians have used Acai more many years as a digestive aid as well as for skin problems.
This tea is designed to naturally enhance the body's digestive system by combining ginger root, peppermint, and chamomile, which are touted for their soothing and stomach-settling abilities.
Throughout the human digestive tract, millions of microscopic organisms help digest food and transform food into useful nutrients.
Candida albicans, also commonly called 'yeast', is a single-celled organism that lives in the digestive tract and in women is also found in the vagina.
Mints make excellent flavorings, and teas and tisanes brewed from mint calm upset stomachs, flatulence and any discomfort in the digestive system.
It is commonly used for digestive problems, sore throats and respiratory problems.
These oils stimulate your digestive system, which can lead to neutralization of stomach acids.
It can help to fight free radicals in your body, improving your skin quality, your digestive system, and reducing the risk of cancers and heart disease.
Indigestion-Ginger is widely known as a digestive aid, which may benefit individuals with stomach cramps and common stomach discomfort.
Keep in mind that agave's herbal medicine effect is said to be on the stomach and to help constipation, so you may simply be taking too much and stimulating the digestive tract too much.
This herbal remedy may be used if you are experiencing digestive tract upset but should not be taken daily due to the possible side effects of diarrhea and dehydration from the laxative properties of the herbs.
Minor digestive issues can also be treated homeopathically.
Homeopaths aim to maintain health and wellness and can treat conditions such as allergies, headaches and digestive problems, while also strengthening the immune system to fend off illness in the future.
Individuals with asthma have reported that fenugreek has aggravated their symptoms and some individuals may experience mild diarrhea or digestive complaints.
Merck offers an impressive collection of information on various disorders, including cancer, digestive disorders, nerve disorders and much more.
A Chiu Chow meal is typically polished off with oolong tea as a digestive aid.
Paan is also used as an astringent to clear the digestive system.
Stress can cause irritable bowel and other digestive disorders, such as ulcers.
Stress hormones actually shut down the digestive processes, causing a disruption in that system that can lead to variety of digestive discomforts.
Pain in the body: Back and neck pain are common with anxiety, as well as stomach or digestive problems.
Some evidence suggests that cooking, while destroying some digestive enzymes, is still better for digestion overall and that this affects development.
A diet high in fiber keeps your digestive system in perfect working order.
Some say they help improve the digestive system.
When the enzymes are destroyed, the pancreas has to work really hard to crank out digestive enzymes.
This milk was touted as a supplement to help people with various digestive problems.
Besides Lactobacillus acidophilus there are other bacteria that are beneficial to the human digestive system and contribute to good health.
There are also a number of probiotic supplements that claim to add the beneficial bacteria to your digestive system.
By eating prebiotics, you can ensure the beneficial bacteria continue to grow and thrive in your digestive system.
By adding probiotic foods to your diet and eating a healthy diet that includes the prebiotic foods, you can strengthen your digestive system and your whole body.
Some people, however, have digestive trouble and the vitamin becomes difficult to break down and absorb into the body.
This group is responsible for breaking down other foods in the digestive system, maintaining liver function, and helping with the functions of the nervous system.Leafy green vegetables contain many of the B-complex vitamins.
Potassium aids in digestive health, as well as maintaining bodily fluids and normal heart functions.
A probiotics definition includes tiny, microscopic organisms that many people believe benefit the human body and digestive system.
In natural and alternative medicine fields, probiotics are sometimes used to prevent or even treat digestive and intestinal conditions.
Also, individuals with digestive impairments may have a difficult time breaking down proteins in sunflower seeds.
Many people report digestive reactions to nuts and seeds, though in some cases soaking the seeds for hours beforehand may aid the digestion.
In fact, letting your dog fast for a day can be beneficial for clearing the digestive tract, increasing it's efficiency.
Keeping your pet on familiar food will help lessen his stress and decrease his chances of a digestive disturbance.
Fleas can cause your dog to get worms, which wreak havoc with his digestive system.
Some food stuffs are actually toxic to our pets, while others may simply cause mild digestive disturbances.
Intestinal worms are parasites that live out their life cycle in a dog's digestive tract.
Solid chunks of these bones are harder to digest because it takes longer for the digestive juices to penetrate the bones.
It's certainly more tempting than kibble, and will give the digestive acids something to do besides irritate any ulceration that might be present.
Any raw meat may harbor worms that can continue their life cycle in your dog's digestive tract.
Any sudden changes could cause some digestive upset.
Canine: Canned or dry, this formula is supposed to be beneficial for dogs suffering from diabetes, colitis and other digestive disturbances.
Because these ingredients are not normal canine food, they can lead to digestive disturbances and other unpleasant side-effects including flatulence and irritable bowels.
You just have to make the change gradually so you don't upset their digestive systems.
Corn and wheat are frequently linked to food allergies and digestive disturbances.
The digestive system breaks food down into nutrients and removes waste from the body.
Acupuncture treatment is effective in the relief of digestive problems, easing musculoskeletal pain, and hormonal imbalances.
Although many pet owners report being happy after switching to Blue, others report that their dogs experienced digestive problems, including gassiness and diarrhea.
In the end, only you can judge if Blue Buffalo is the right food for your dog, so make the change gradually to avoid shocking your dog's digestive tract.
Sudden changes in diet are hard on a puppy's system and can bring on digestive and growth problems.
In addition to these items, the company adds Lactobacillus Acidophilus and other bacteria that are found in yogurt to support the digestive system of your dog.
Sudden changes can cause upsets and imbalances in your dog's digestive system.
Pre and Probiotics to keep your dog's digestive system healthy.
Eagle Pack also offers a variety of dog treats and digestive remedies.
After the cooking process, a patented formulation called ActiCoat is added to provide live, active probiotic cultures which promote a healthy intestinal tract and overall digestive health.
Again, this dog food appears to have helped a great many dogs and had a positive outcome on ending digestive problems, loose stools and even vomiting.
This strain infects the bloodstream and attacks the lining of the digestive tract, bone marrow and cells.
Make sure if you are away from home when exercising your dog that you take extra poop bags; exercise can speed up the digestive process.
A home cooked diet allows a dog owner to prepare food with fresh meats, fruits and vegetables that contain maximum nutritional value and avoid any food ingredients that may irritate the dog's digestive system.
When you decide to make the change from your normal dog food to Bravo dog food, the company recommends adding some probiotics and digestive enzymes to your dog's food the day before you begin feeding them raw foods.
Offer clear water to reduce dehydration, and withhold food for 24 hours to let the digestive system rest.
Sauces, fried foods or meat scraps may have way more fat than a dog's digestive system can handle.
Yogurt is typically easy on the digestive system and, depending on the brand, may contain healthy bacteria or probiotics.
Digestive problems: Young Lab puppies chew on everything, and their naturally curious nature may lead them to eat something that upsets their stomachs.
If you do decide to give California Natural a try, transition your dog to this new food slowly to avoid upsetting his digestive system.
Many believe amethyst aids the digestive, heart, and nervous systems.
Opal: If you need help with the digestive system, then wear an opal.
These are particularly used by sufferers of digestive complains and ailments such as Crohns disease.
Their digestive systems lack the necessary physiology to digest vegetation.
This is due in part to their small size as well as the immaturity of their digestive and immune systems.
This dry food mimics the diet of a wild cat and fulfills the requirements of your cat's carnivorous digestive system.
Young digestive tracts absorb toxins more readily than adult digestive tracts, and young kidneys don't detoxify as efficiently as adult kidneys.
Over a period of time, as the body ages, the digestive system may have more difficulty breaking down vitamin tablets and capsules.
It contains a combination of vitamins and minerals as well as green tea extracts and aloe vera to support the digestive system.
Since liquid vitamins are so readily absorbed into the body, they work extremely well for people who have compromised immune systems, digestive problems, or are ill.
When cattle are fed grain, organic or not, it disrupts the natural chemical balance of their digestive systems.
Acute ITP is characterized by bleeding into the skin or from the nose, mouth, digestive tract, or urinary tract.
Most parents consult a pediatrician or primary care doctor after noticing their child has the typical purpuric skin rash, frequent nosebleeds, or bleeding from the digestive or urinary tract.
Bile is a liquid mixture of cholesterol, bile salts, and waste products, including bilirubin, which the liver excretes through thousands of tiny biliary ducts to the intestine, where the bile aids in the digestive process of dietary fats.
Side-effects may include mouth sores, digestive upsets, skin rashes, and hair loss.
Once the victim is under medical care, doctors have the option of treating the person with a specific remedy to counteract the poison (antidote) or with activated charcoal to absorb the substance inside the individual's digestive system.
This technique, which is known as gastric lavage, involves introducing 20 to 30 mL of tap water or 9 percent saline solution into the person's digestive tract and removing the stomach contents with a siphon or syringe.
When dairy products are ingested, the lactose reaches the digestive system and is broken down by lactase into the simpler sugars glucose and galactose, which can then be absorbed into the bloodstream.
Lactose intolerance can be caused by some diseases of the digestive system (for example, celiac sprue and gastroenteritis) and by injuries to the small intestine that result in a decreased production of lactase.
To diagnosis lactose intolerance, usually healthcare professionals measure the absorption of lactose in the digestive system by using the lactose tolerance test, the hydrogen breath test, or the stool acidity test.
Oral food challenges with foods are more tedious than inhalation testing, since full passage through the digestive system may take a day or more.
HSP is an acute but self-limited illness characterized by a low-grade fever (around 100.4°F[38°C]), purpura, joint pains (usually in the ankles and knees), abdominal pain, bleeding in the digestive tract, and inflammation of the kidneys.
Henoch-Schönlein purpura-A syndrome sometimes classified as a hypersensitivity vasculitis, associated with a variety of digestive symptoms, pain in the joints, and kidney involvement.
Gastrointestinal-Pertaining to the digestive organs and structures, including the stomach and intestines.
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK). 2 Information Way, Bethesda, MD 20892-3570.
National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive, and Kidney Diseases.
Heme (component of hemoglobin in red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout the body) is broken down into bilirubin, which moves to the liver where it is processed and added to bile, a digestive fluid.
Diaphragm-The thin layer of muscle that separates the chest cavity containing the lungs and heart from the abdominal cavity containing the intestines and digestive organs.
When humans eat raw or undercooked infected meat, the walls of the cysts are broken down in the human digestive tract, and the individual becomes actively infected.
Digestive system symptoms such as vomiting, constipation, and feeding difficulties may occur.
Common symptoms of food allergies include hives and rashes; swelling of the eyes, lips, and mouth; respiratory symptoms; and digestive problems.
Serotonin-A widely distributed neurotransmitter that is found in blood platelets, the lining of the digestive tract, and the brain, and that works in combination with norepinephrine.
These histamines trigger allergic symptoms that affect many areas of the body, particularly the skin, respiratory system, nervous system, and digestive system.
Digestive disorders after eating specific foods are not always allergies.
They can also be symptoms of other, more serious digestive diseases and malfunctions.
In these cases, the digestive tract reacts to a specific part of the food; for example, the protein or the sugar in a specific food.
The digestive system rebels, resulting in gas, bloating, upset stomach, diarrhea, nausea, or vomiting.
In other cases, the child's reaction is due to an underlying digestive disorder such as irritable bowel syndrome, which is a chronic condition that is often triggered by specific types of food.
Of particular concern are digestive symptoms that keep the child from eating properly or cause the child to lose weight.
Digestive and neurological symptoms could also be an indication of other underlying disorders.
Infant botulism: a type of botulism, in which Clostridium botulinum bacteria grow within an infant's digestive tract, producing a toxin which is potentially life-threatening.
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an inherited disease that affects the lungs, digestive system, sweat glands, and male fertility.
Close attention to and prompt treatment of respiratory and digestive complications have dramatically increased the expected life span of a person with CF.
In the pancreas, clogged passageways prevent secretion of digestive enzymes into the intestine, causing serious impairment of digestion-especially of fat-which may lead to malnutrition.
The most severe effects of cystic fibrosis are seen in two body systems: the gastrointestinal (digestive) system and the respiratory tract from the nose to the lungs.
Meconium is the first dark stool that a baby passes after birth; ileus is an obstruction of the digestive tract.
Other abdominal symptoms are caused by the inability of the pancreas to supply digestive enzymes to the intestine.
While the intestines themselves also provide some digestive enzymes, the pancreas is the major source of enzymes for the digestion of all types of foods, especially fats and proteins.
Pancreatic insufficiency-Reduction or absence of pancreatic secretions into the digestive system due to scarring and blockage of the pancreatic duct.
Lipidoses are genetic disorders, passed from parents to their children, characterized by defects of the digestive system that impair the way the body uses dietary fat.
In infants, it may simply be a matter of having an immature digestive system.
The child is asks to drink a cup of liquid that coats the digestive track.
Images are often sent to a video monitor where the doctors and technicians observe the behavior of the upper digestive tract and snap still images from the monitor.
The upper GI endoscopy, also called the esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD), by contrast, is a more sensitive test and offers a more complete picture of what is happening in the upper digestive tract.
As of 2004, it was the test of choice for many gastroenterologists (doctors specializing in diseases of the digestive system).
Many doctors are, as of 2004, beginning to understand that GERD, like many other digestive disorders, can occur at any age.
For others, it is a lifelong struggle with food and their digestive tract.
Contrast material is commonly used in making x rays of the digestive system.
"Diarrhea." National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse.
The central nervous system in humans and other mammals contains five different types of opioid receptor proteins, located primarily in the brain, spinal cord, and digestive tract.
The opium in paregoric works to control diarrhea because it slows down the rhythmic contractions of the intestines that ordinarily move food through the digestive tract.
Symptoms may include fatigue, reduced secretion of digestive acids, confusion, and forgetfulness.
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK).
In Menkes disease, which is usually first noticed in infancy, impaired transport of copper from the digestive tract results in low levels of copper in the blood, while copper accumulates in the kidney, pancreas, and skeletal muscle.
Menkes disease-A genetic disease caused by a mutation on the X chromosome and resulting in impaired transport of copper from the digestive tract.
One Japanese study of children brought to the emergency room for removal of foreign bodies from the respiratory and digestive tracts found that the nose was the most common location (39.4% of patients) of these objects.
National Institute of Diabetes & Digestive & Kidney Diseases.
Enterobacterial infections are disorders of the digestive tract and other organ systems produced by a group of rod-shaped bacteria called Enterobacteriaceae.
Enterobacterial infections can be produced by bacteria that normally live in the human digestive tract without causing serious disease or by bacteria that enter from the outside.
Enterobacterial infections in the digestive tract typically start when the organisms invade the mucous tissues that line the digestive tract.
EPEC and ETEC types produce a bacterial poison (toxin) in the stomach that interacts with the digestive juices and causes the patient to lose large amounts of water through the intestines.
The doctor will ask about the frequency and appearance of the diarrhea as well as about other digestive symptoms.
These procedures involve significant surgical alteration of the digestive tract and require substantial modification of diet after the surgery to much less than 1,000 calories per day.
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. 31 Center Drive, USC2560, Building 31, Room 9A-04, Bethesda, MD 20892-2560.
Fluids and food are not taken by mouth until the mother's digestive function returns.
In children with JDMS, vasculitic ulcers usually appear either in the skin rash or in the digestive tract.
Vasculitic ulcers in the digestive tract may lead to perforation of the intestines, which is a medical emergency.
Children who have developed sudden weakness of the muscles that control breathing or swallowing, or those who have developed vasculitic ulcers in the digestive tract may need to be hospitalized.
Obstruction prevents food from passing through the digestive tract, interfering with digestion and nutrition.
It is a short but often troublesome section of the digestive tract.
Some digestive processes are carried out in the bowel before food passes out of the body as waste.
Most children do not have continuing digestive problems.
Complications can include other digestive disorders such as intestinal motility, duodenogastric reflux, gastritis, peptic ulcers, and megaduodenum.
Excess iron may cause problems of the stomach and digestive tract, liver problems, an increased risk of diabetes, and male sexual problems.
Several herbs, including chamomile (Matricaria recutita), dandelion (Taraxacum mongolicum), and burdock (Arctium lappa), act as bitters, stimulating the movement of the digestive and excretory systems.
Gastrointestinal Health: The Proven Nutritional Program to Prevent, Cure, or Alleviate Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), Ulcers, Gas, Constipation, Heartburn, and Many Other Digestive Disorders.
Parents may need to seek medical advice about digestive and elimination aids and about adjusting the child's diet and fluid intake to promote normal elimination.
Many babies with fragile X syndrome may have trouble with sucking, and some experience digestive disorders that cause frequent gagging and vomiting.
If there is bleeding into the neck, head, or digestive tract, or bleeding from an injury, emergency measures may be required.
Any incident that causes blood to collect in the head, neck, or digestive system can be very serious and requires immediate attention.
Hemorrhage from a coagulation disorder, particularly into the brain or digestive track, can prove fatal.
This can result in digestive problems, behavioral changes, brain damage, seizures, or coma.
This condition is due to a deficiency of the enzyme trypsin and other digestive enzymes produced in the pancreas.
Hernias are weaknesses in the abdominal wall that can trap a portion of intestine (incarceration) and cut off the passage of food and waste through the digestive tract.
It helps to regulate digestive, respiratory, and circulatory systems.
It also affects the muscles of the digestive system, causing constipation and other digestive problems.
Celiac disease is a disease of the digestive system in which the inside lining of the small intestine (mucosa) is damaged after eating wheat, rye, oats, or barley, resulting in interference with the absorption of nutrients from food.
Not all people have digestive system complications; some people only have irritability or depression.
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, 2004.
The diarrhea is usually caused by opportunistic infections of the digestive tract; the most common disease agents are Cryptosporidium parvum, Giardia lamblia, Campylobacter, or rotaviruses.
Nutritional concerns for children with XHIM are related to infections of the digestive tract resulting in chronic diarrhea.
Not only is the immature digestive tract less able to protect itself, but premature infants are subjected to many stresses on the body in their attempt to survive.
Myotonic dystrophy affects heart muscle, causing arrhythmias and heart block, and the muscles of the digestive system, leading to motility disorders and constipation.
Frequent digestive disturbances and diarrhea may lead to malab-sorption of essential nutrients and failure to thrive.
The lungs, digestive system, and nervous system (including the brain) are underdeveloped in premature babies and are particularly vulnerable to complications.
Because E. coli toxins are produced in the large intestine rather than higher up in the digestive system, symptoms typically occur from one to three days after eating contaminated food.
Charcoal tablets, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus bulgaricus, and citrus seed extract can be taken to help normalize the digestive system.
Digestive diseases such as celiac disease and tropical sprue (which affect absorption in the intestine), as well as intestinal infections and injuries, can reduce the amount of enzymes produced.
An over-the-counter product marketed by the brand name Beano contains the enzyme alpha-galactosidase that works with the body's digestive system to break down complex carbohydrates into simple sugars that are easily digested.
Gastroenterologist-A physician who specializes in diseases of the digestive system.
National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NDDIC). 2 Information Way, Bethesda, MD 20892-3570. (800) 891-5389.
It enters the body via the gut and replicates in the digestive tract and spreads to infect the liver, where it multiplies.
It interacts with immune cells called mast cells, which reside in the skin, airways, and digestive system.
It accounts for a substantial proportion of the patients seen by specialists in diseases of the digestive system (gastroenterologists).
Although researchers do not yet understand all of the links between changes in the nervous system and IBS, they point out the similarities between mild digestive upsets and IBS.
Like traditional doctors, alternative practitioners advise a high-fiber diet to reduce digestive system irritation.
Crohn's disease-A chronic, inflammatory disease, primarily involving the small and large intestine, but which can affect other parts of the digestive system as well.
Gastroenteritis is an inflammation of the digestive tract, particularly the stomach, and large and small intestines.
Specifically, live cultures of Lactobacillus acidophilus are said to be effective in soothing the digestive tract and returning the intestinal flora to normal.
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK). 2 Information Way, Bethesda, MD 20892-3570. (800) 891-5389.
Some children may also have frequent digestive disturbances and diarrhea that can lead to improper absorption of nutrients and malnourishment, occurring most commonly in IgA deficiency.
The episodes alternate with periods of normal digestive functioning.
The endoderm forms the lining of lungs, bladder, digestive tract, tongue, tonsils, and other organs.
Week 3: Beginning development of the brain, heart, blood cells, circulatory system, spinal cord, and digestive system.