How to use Digeorge-syndrome in a sentence

digeorge-syndrome
  • Children with DiGeorge syndrome either do not have a thymus or have an underdeveloped thymus.

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  • In some cases, no treatment is required for DiGeorge syndrome because T lymphocyte production improves.

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  • In some cases, no treatment is required for DiGeorge syndrome because T lymphocyte production improves on its own.

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  • The primary problem for children who survive with DiGeorge syndrome is repeated infections due to a defective immune system.

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  • Specific facial features associated with DiGeorge syndrome include low-set ears, wide-set eyes, a small jaw, and a short groove in the upper lip.

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  • In the United States, autopsy studies for DiGeorge syndrome accounted for 0.7 percent of 3469 postmortem examinations in the Seattle, Washington, area over a period of 25 years.

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  • No major difference is noted in the incidence of DiGeorge syndrome between males and females.

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  • The deletion means that several genes from chromosome 22 are missing in children with DiGeorge syndrome.

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  • According to a 1999 study, 6 percent of children with DiGeorge syndrome inherited the deletion from a parent, while 94 percent had a new deletion.

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  • In addition, 74 percent of fetuses with DiGeorge syndrome have severe heart defects.

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  • Because the immune system of a child with DiGeorge syndrome is defective, a doctor should be consulted at any signs of illness or disease.

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  • Diagnosis of DiGeorge syndrome can be made by ultrasound examination around the eighteenth week of pregnancy, when abnormalities in the development of the heart or the palate can be detected.

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  • It confirms about 95 percent of cases of DiGeorge syndrome.

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  • If the mother has not had prenatal testing, the diagnosis of DiGeorge syndrome is sometimes suggested by the child's facial features at birth.

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  • The doctor may make the diagnosis of DiGeorge syndrome during heart surgery when he or she notices the absence or abnormal location of the thymus gland.

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  • Hypocalcemia in a child with DiGeorge syndrome is unusually difficult to treat.

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  • Children with DiGeorge syndrome should be kept away from crowds or other sources of infection.

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  • Children with DiGeorge syndrome should be kept on low-phosphorus diets.

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  • The prognosis is variable; many infants with DiGeorge syndrome die from overwhelming infection, seizures, or heart failure within the first year.

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  • Genetic counseling and testing is recommended for a person with DiGeorge syndrome who becomes pregnant, because the disorder can be detected prior to birth.

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  • Although most children with DiGeorge syndrome do not inherit the chromosome deletion from their parents, they have a 50 percent chance of passing the deletion on to their own children.

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  • Parents should be screened, however, to see if they are carriers, even though inheritance of DiGeorge syndrome is rare.

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  • Because of an association between DiGeorge syndrome and fetal alcohol syndrome, pregnant women should avoid drinking alcoholic beverages.

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  • Recurrent infections are a major problem in children with DiGeorge syndrome and an important cause of later mortality.

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