Diarrhea Sentence Examples
A pattern of alternating constipation and diarrhea is also common.
It is very similar to the one produced by the gut bug clostridium, which causes chronic diarrhea.
In about an hour I had terrible diarrhea, then I decided to take a bath.
If autonomic neuropathy occurs in the stomach or intestine, symptoms may include altered bowel movements, such as intermittent diarrhea or constipation.
Slippery elm quickly stops violent diarrhea and allays even convulsive vomiting.Advertisement
Later symptoms include watery diarrhea, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, a dry sore throat, & anorexia.
Does any other member of the family have diarrhea?
Some of the common side effects include nausea, diarrhea, cramps, headache, fever, sore throat, lethargy, and fatigue.
Where tannin drugs are useful, as in diarrhea, the fluid extract is an excellent astringent.
Symptoms include fever, headache, nausea, vomiting diarrhea and abdominal cramps.Advertisement
His 11-month-old son is severely dehydrated from diarrhea, which should be easily treated.
For the past week, Ali has suffered from vomiting and diarrhea, leaving him badly dehydrated.
A tea of leaves and bark is ingested in treating diarrhea.
Fat can be hard for your body to digest when you are sick, it can cause diarrhea, nausea, gas and bloating.
A placebo-controlled trial of Lactobacillus GG to prevent diarrhea in undernourished Peruvian children.Advertisement
These include mild diarrhea, nausea, or upset stomach.
Now the cows can't sleep and they've got diarrhea.
Nausea, vomiting and watery diarrhea occur with some patients developing a maculopapular rash, red eyes and have hiccups.
Running stomach, say, or bloody diarrhea in babies.
Expect to find a helping of verbal diarrhea here every visit, to brighten up your day.Advertisement
Among them are ulcerations in the mouth, inflammation of the tongue, peptic ulcers and chronic diarrhea.
They cover a range of medical problems such as anemia, nutritional deficiencies and childhood diarrhea.
Bacteria and bugs often get a bad press causing food poisoning, stomach bugs, travelers diarrhea and so on.
Humans - often severe with abdominal discomfort, diarrhea, vomiting, fever.
Duodenal switch is a modification of the biliopancreatic diversion, which tends to achieve less postoperative diarrhea.Advertisement
In one study, andrographis was given to 1,611 people with bacterial dysentery and 955 people with diarrhea.
As the trauma to the birds becomes more and more severe, many develop acute enteritis and diarrhea.
Iron deficiency anemia is more common in patients with diarrhea or atrophic gastritis.
The tricyclic antidepressant imipramine reduces bowel activity and may be helpful when diarrhea is the significant problem.
Neonate mice passively immunized by suckling from mice fed transgenic potatoes had less diarrhea than neonates unexposed to the vaccine  .
This is true if the medication is for pain, nausea, diarrhea, or bladder irritation.
Other indicators include soft stools, mucus in the stool, vomiting or diarrhea.
Other symptoms can include myalgia, headache and diarrhea (3 ).
Pernicious anemia also causes soreness of the tongue, loss of weight, skin pallor often with a lemon tint, and intermittent diarrhea.
Virus such as distemper or parvo, irritant poisons, food poisoning or dietary allergies are the most common causes of diarrhea.
This would include potions and lotions of lead and mercury, or powerful purgatives to make you vomit or give you diarrhea.
Cholestyramine can help the small proportion of IBS sufferers who have diarrhea secondary to impaired handling of bile salts within the gut.
Currently, around 2.5 billion people don't have adequate sanitation, leading to 3.3 million deaths a year from diarrhea including many children.
Larger worm burdens can cause a range of problems including ill thrift, diarrhea, colic and death.
Laudanum is an alcoholic tincture of opium that is given orally to treat diarrhea.
Clean water was in short supply and there were major epidemics of water-borne diseases including typhoid, cholera and diarrhea.
However, rotavirus diarrhea can occur in all age groups.
For the last 24 hours at least one of them, do n't know which has had diarrhea or at least rather runny poo.
Currently, around 2.5 billion people do n't have adequate sanitation, leading to 3.3 million deaths a year from diarrhea including many children.
Diarrhea may occur temporarily especially if a long segment of ileum is used.
Dumping syndrome - This is a combination of things including nausea, retching, sweating, diarrhea and a drop in blood sugar level.
I have spent my day caring for around 30 patients with infectious diarrhea and vomiting on an understaffed ward.
There is fever, watery diarrhea, + vomiting.
Have you had to deal with Zantac toddler diarrhea?
If Zantac is that medicine, Zantac toddler diarrhea may be experienced.
Before you blame Zantac for your child's diarrhea, however, take at look at other possible causes.
There could be other reasons for your toddler's diarrhea, and you should consider those before you jump to the conclusion that Zantac is to blame.
However, now that you are aware that a common side effect of Zantac is diarrhea, the drug could be the culprit.
By keeping a log of when your child takes her medicine, what she eats on a daily basis, and how often she has diarrhea, you and your pediatrician may be able to pinpoint what to do for her.
Include details as to the substance of the diarrhea as well to aid her doctor even more.
Diarrhea can cause dehydration, a dangerous health condition that could affect your child.
When the skin in the diaper area begins to break down -sometimes because of excess diarrhea or other types of diaper rashes - yeast from the intestinal tract can get under the skin surface to cause an infection.
This may be seen as redness or skin breakdown near the rectum, particularly if she is having diarrhea.
However, if your cat seems to progressively lose weight, it is time to seek medical attention, especially if this is coupled with lethargy, constipation, diarrhea or the refusal of food.
Constipation or diarrhea - If either of these conditions lasts for more than 24 hours, medical attention may be needed.
The dry form is equally lethal, but manifests itself through diarrhea and weakness without the fluid collection in the abdomen.
Kitten Food - It is best to keep the kitten on the same food she has been eating, or you may have to deal with a messy case of diarrhea.
It can give them diarrhea and other stomach problems.
It was used to calm upset stomachs and to stop diarrhea.
According to the National Center for Complimentary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM), berberine shows some promise fighting infections, especially eye infections and infectious diarrhea.
Kudzu, the root of the herb is used to treat intestinal obstruction, dysentery, headaches, stomach ailments, diarrhea, tinnitus (ringing in the ears) and vertigo.
Diarrhea-Ginger's uses include relief of diarrhea.
Some of the side effects of internal consumption are diarrhea, damaged immune system and in some cases, excessive drowsiness, confusion, coma and even fatality from depression of the central nervous system.
You should also avoid it if you have diarrhea.
Sheep sorrel is also used to help treat inflammation and diarrhea.
This herbal remedy may be used if you are experiencing digestive tract upset but should not be taken daily due to the possible side effects of diarrhea and dehydration from the laxative properties of the herbs.
Simply grate some fresh ginger and eat for a quick remedy to your nausea.Ginger can be used to treat diarrhea and is often used to treat a specific form of diarrhea caused by Escherichia coli (E. coli).
Many third world countries suffer from E. coli outbreaks and ginger has been found to successfully treat E. coli induced diarrhea.
Diarrhea and nausea can also be treated with slippery elm.
Many diarrhea sufferers also become dehydrated and slippery elm tea is often well tolerated when other liquids are not.
Hyland's has remedies for gas, diarrhea, indigestion, upset stomach and motion sickness.
Individuals with asthma have reported that fenugreek has aggravated their symptoms and some individuals may experience mild diarrhea or digestive complaints.
If you experience stomach upset or diarrhea, cut back to the last tolerable dose.
It is also a natural cure for upset stomachs, diarrhea, and a good heart strengthener.
Your doctor may also have prescriptions for other symptoms such as irritability, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting.
Fever, nausea, vomiting, constipation and diarrhea are common physical ailments due to using this drug.
When cooking for your dog you don't want to vary their diets too much as that can lead to diarrhea and an upset stomach.
He has been vomiting, having diarrhea, and losing a lot of weight.
This can lead to diarrhea, vomiting and other gastric disturbances.
If he is having diarrhea or getting constipated, cut back on the homemade dog food and give him more time to adjust.
On our way home, he had diarrhea inside of the car.
Although many pet owners report being happy after switching to Blue, others report that their dogs experienced digestive problems, including gassiness and diarrhea.
Sick dogs often display signs of gastric upset such and gas, diarrhea and vomiting.
Another problem is dog indigestion and diarrhea.
Other side effects to watch for after administering Revolution are diarrhea or loose stool with or without blood, lack of appetite, fatigue and drooling caused by excessive salivation.
Since copious vomiting and diarrhea can quickly lead to dehydration, the animal is typically hospitalized and rehydrated by administering IV fluids that contain a balance of electrolytes.
When your pet is ill, finding a quick and effective dog diarrhea treatment is important.
Canine diarrhea is characterized by frequent, loose and watery stools.
As soon as you suspect your dog may have diarrhea, begin treatments to reduce the symptoms.
Slowly reintroduce him to dry foods a little at at time as his energy level increases and his diarrhea decreases.
If your dog experiences violent diarrhea or the condition does not resolve within 48 hours, the dog diarrhea treatment did not work, and it is time to visit a veterinarian.
A bout of diarrhea is very common in young puppies.
The intestinal tract begins to hemorrhage and diarrhea starts.
However, you should remove any eyes or green spots because these portions contain a naturally-occurring toxin called solanine that can cause irregular heartbeats, vomiting and diarrhea in your pet.
There are a few negative health consequences of rhubarb root usage that include stomach upset and diarrhea, among others.
You will probably need to stay home and close to a bathroom as you may have severe stomach cramps, fever, diarrhea, and vomiting.
In some cases, the symptoms are subtle and can include diarrhea, which can lead to dehydration.
As a result, breast-fed babies have fewer ear infections, diarrhea, rashes, allergies, and other medical problems than bottle-fed babies.
A lack of clean water to make formula could result in an infant dying from diarrhea.
It can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and convulsions in infants and should not be taken by women who are nursing.
Symptoms of lactose intolerance include nausea, cramps, diarrhea, floating and foul-smelling stools, bloating, and intestinal gas.
This test is not administered to infants and very young children because of the risk of dehydration from drinking the lactose-containing liquid, which can cause diarrhea in those who are lactose intolerant, resulting in dehydration.
While the test is useful for children and adults, infants and young children should not take it because of the risk of dehydration from diarrhea in those who are lactose intolerant.
Common symptoms of food allergies include hives, angioedema (swelling), rashes, respiratory congestion, and gastrointestinal problems such as constipation, diarrhea, and/or gas.
Other symptoms that sometimes occur with fifth disease include swollen glands, red eyes, and diarrhea.
Potential side effects of phototherapy used for elevated bilirubin levels, include watery diarrhea, increased water loss, skin rash, and transient bronzing of the skin.
The doctor will also ask whether the child is experiencing fever, abdominal cramping, diarrhea, or pains in the muscles and joints.
Difficulty gaining weight, diarrhea, and enlarged liver are other signs of Pearson syndrome.
Symptoms of EDS within this category may include soft, mildly stretchable skin, shortened bones, chronic diarrhea, joint hypermobility and dislocation, bladder rupture, or poor wound healing.
Chronic use of laxatives may result in fluid and electrolyte imbalances, steatorrhea, osteomalacia, diarrhea, cathartic colon, and liver disease.
In addition to a sore throat, symptoms that accompany an adenovirus infection include cough, runny nose, white bumps on the tonsils and throat, mild diarrhea, vomiting, and a rash.
Drug reactions are another common allergic cause of rash; in this case, a rash is only one of a variety of possible symptoms, including fever, seizures, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, heartbeat irregularities, and breathing problems.
Rotavirus is the major cause of diarrhea and vomiting in young children worldwide.
Rotavirus infection is also known as infantile diarrhea or winter diarrhea, because it mainly targets infants and young children.
Group B rotaviruses have caused major epidemics of adult diarrhea in China.
The main symptoms of the rotavirus infection are fever, stomach cramps, vomiting, and diarrhea (which can lead to severe dehydration).
If the diarrhea becomes severe, it may be necessary to hospitalize the patient so that fluids can be administered intravenously.
Dehydration due to severe diarrhea is one of the major complications.
It is crucial that parents and children use excellent hand-washing technique after toileting and diaper changes to prevent further spread of rotavirus diarrhea throughout the family.
The healthcare provider should also give guidance concerning how long a child with rotavirus diarrhea should be kept home from daycare or school.
Side effects include generalized weakness, including weakness of the respiratory muscles, as well as drowsiness, fatigue, diarrhea, and sensitivity to the sun.
Anxiety, diarrhea, drowsiness, headache, sweating, nausea, and insomnia all are possible side effects of SSRIs.
Side effects of sertraline were found to include nausea, diarrhea, and decreased libido.
The digestive system rebels, resulting in gas, bloating, upset stomach, diarrhea, nausea, or vomiting.
Sometimes infants, as well as older children and adults, have a transient lactose deficiency after an episode of diarrhea.
Children with semiconsciousness, persistent diarrhea, jaundice, or low blood sodium levels have a poorer prognosis.
Nutrient loss can be accelerated by diarrhea, excessive sweating, heavy bleeding (hemorrhage), or kidney failure.
The parent of a child with albinism should also call the doctor if the child bruises easily or has unusual bleeding, such as repeated nosebleeds or bloody diarrhea.
Allergies can become obvious in the first few months of life in the form of nasal congestion, cough, rash, or diarrhea following food intake.
Adenoviruses can also cause acute diarrhea in young children, characterized by fever and watery stools.
In children with gastroenteritis caused by the adenovirus, symptoms may include diarrhea, fever, nausea, vomiting, and respiratory symptoms.
Because a child can become easily dehydrated if suffering from vomiting or diarrhea, it is important care-givers provide adequate fluid intake.
Symptoms appear about one to two days after infection and include fever (in 50% of patients), nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal cramps and pain.
The diarrhea is usually very liquid and rarely contains mucus or blood.
Diarrhea usually lasts for about four days.
Gastroenteritis-Inflammation of the stomach and intestines that usually causes nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and cramps.
Compliance with taking colchicine every day may be hampered by its side effects, which include diarrhea, nausea, abdominal bloating, and gas.
If taken longer, they can produce diarrhea, interfere with calcium absorption in the body, and build up magnesium, which can damage the kidneys.
Should the behavior pattern of crying suddenly change and be associated with fever, vomiting, diarrhea, or other abnormal symptoms, parents should call the doctor immediately.
Fever, vomiting, and diarrhea can cause a child to become dehydrated fairly quickly.
To most individuals, diarrhea means an increased frequency or decreased consistency of bowel movements; however, the medical definition is more exact than this.
Diarrhea best correlates with an increase in stool weight; this increase is mainly due to excess water, which normally makes up 60 to 85 percent of fecal matter.
In this way, true diarrhea is distinguished from diseases that cause only an increase in the number of bowel movements (hyperdefecation) or incontinence (involuntary loss of bowel contents).
Diarrhea is also classified by physicians as acute, which lasts one to two weeks, and as chronic, which continues for longer than two or three weeks.
Viral and bacterial infections are the most common causes of acute diarrhea.
In many cases, acute infectious diarrhea is a mild, limited annoyance common to adults and children.
Chronic diarrhea, though, can have considerable effect on health and on social and economic well-being.
Worldwide, acute infectious diarrhea has a huge impact, causing over 5 million deaths per year.
Diarrhea occurs because more fluid passes through the large intestine (colon) than that organ can absorb.
However, when this reserve capacity is overwhelmed, diarrhea occurs.
Diarrhea is caused by infections or illnesses that either lead to excess production of fluids or prevent absorption of fluids.
Also, certain substances in the colon, such as fats and bile acids, can interfere with water absorption and cause diarrhea.
All or none of these may be present depending on the disease causing the diarrhea.
The most common causes of acute diarrhea are infections (the cause of traveler's diarrhea), food poisoning, and medications.
Less often, various sugar-free foods, which sometimes contain poorly absorbable materials, cause diarrhea.
Chronic diarrhea is frequently due to many of the same things that cause the shorter episodes (infections, medications, etc.); however, symptoms last longer.
In children, more common causes of chronic diarrhea are food allergy and lactose intolerance.
Most cases of acute diarrhea never need diagnosis or treatment, as many are mild and produce few problems.
Chronic diarrhea is quite different, and most persons with this condition receive some degree of testing.
Many exams are the same as for an acute episode, as some infections and parasites cause both types of diarrhea.
Both prescription and over-the-counter medications can contain additives, such as lactose and sorbitol, that will produce diarrhea in sensitive individuals.
Social history may indicate that stress is playing a role or may identify activities which can be associated with diarrhea (for example, diarrhea that occurs in runners).
A combination of stool, blood, and urine tests may be needed in the evaluation of chronic diarrhea; in addition, a number of endoscopic and x-ray studies are frequently required.
When feasible, food intake should be continued even in those people with acute diarrhea.
For example, the bulk agent psyllium helps some people by absorbing excess fluid and solidifying stools; cholestyramine, which binds bile acids, is effective in treating bile-salt-induced diarrhea.
Avoidance of medications or other products that are known to cause diarrhea (such as lactose) is curative in some people but should be discussed with a physician.
It is especially important to find the cause of diarrhea, since stopping diarrhea when it is the body's way of eliminating something foreign is not helpful and can be harmful in the long run.
One effective alternative approach to preventing and treating diarrhea involves oral supplementation of aspects of the normal flora in the colon with the yeasts Lactobacillus acidophilus, L. bifidus, or Saccharomyces boulardii.
In clinical settings, these "biotherapeutic" agents have repeatedly been helpful in the resolution of diarrhea, especially antibiotic-associated diarrhea.
Nutrient replacement also plays a role in preventing and treating episodes of diarrhea.
Zinc especially appears to have an effect on the immune system, and deficiency of this mineral can lead to chronic diarrhea.
To prevent dehydration, individuals suffering from diarrhea should take plenty of fluids, especially water.
The BRAT diet also can be useful in helping to resolve diarrhea.
Acute homeopathic remedies can be very effective for treating diarrhea especially in infants and young children.
Prognosis is related to the cause of the diarrhea; for most individuals in developed countries, a bout of acute, infectious diarrhea is at best uncomfortable.
Replacement of fluids and electrolytes is important for people experiencing diarrhea.
Parents should be sure that their children who experience diarrhea drink plenty of fluids and replace electrolytes with an oral rehydration solution.
Oral rehydration solution (ORS)-A liquid preparation of electrolytes and glucose developed by the World Health Organization that can decrease fluid loss in persons with diarrhea.
Traditional Chinese medicine recommended the opium poppy, known to Chinese physicians as ying su ke, for the treatment of asthma, severe diarrhea, and dysentery as well as chronic pain and insomnia.
The opium in paregoric works to control diarrhea because it slows down the rhythmic contractions of the intestines that ordinarily move food through the digestive tract.
Lomotil, another antidiarrheal medication, contains a synthetic opioid known as diphenoxylate; it is often recommended for treating cancer patients with diarrhea caused by radiation therapy.
The most common complications are ear infection and diarrhea, although more serious complications can include pneumonia, meningitis, or encephalitis.
There may be nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and multiple swollen lymph nodes.
As early as three months of age, however, the SCID child begins to suffer from mouth infections (thrush), chronic diarrhea, otitis media, and pulmonary infections, including pneumocystis pneumonia.
Death due to sodium toxicity has also resulted when baking soda (sodium bicarbonate) was used to treat excessive diarrhea or vomiting.
Within six hours of ingestion, iron toxicity can result in vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, seizures, and possibly coma.
Taking excessive supplemental zinc can result in nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.
Early signs of selenium toxicity include nausea, weakness, and diarrhea.
Most males with Hunter syndrome develop joint stiffness, chronic diarrhea, enlarged liver and spleen, heart valve problems, hearing loss, and kyphosis.
Affected people may complain of nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach pain, headache, sweating, and a metallic taste in the mouth.
Gastrointestinal problems include increased appetite, decreased appetite, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and constipation.
Severe cases may lead to skin necrosis, muscle spasms and cramps, vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, headaches, excessive sweating, and other symptoms.
Sometimes the victim suffers a severe reaction, including vomiting, diarrhea, hemorrhage (bleeding), a drop in blood pressure, and cardiac arrhythmia (disordered heart beat).
The danger signs, which usually begin ten minutes after an individual is stung (though possibly not for several hours) include nausea, faintness, chest pain, abdominal cramps, diarrhea, and difficulty swallowing or breathing.
Diarrhea caused by enterobacteria is a common problem in the United States.
It is estimated that each person has an average of 1.5 episodes of diarrhea each year, with higher rates in children, institutionalized people, and Native Americans.
The symptoms of enterobacterial infections are sometimes classified according to the type of diarrhea they produce.
Patients infected with ETEC and some types of EPEC develop watery diarrhea.
Bloody diarrhea, sometimes called dysentery, is produced by EHEC, EIEC, some types of Salmonella, some types of Shigella, and Yersinia.
The diagnosis of enterobacterial infections is complicated by the fact that viruses, protozoa, and other types of bacteria can also cause diarrhea.
In most cases of mild diarrhea, it is not critical to identify the organism because the disorder is self-limiting.
The doctor will ask about the frequency and appearance of the diarrhea as well as about other digestive symptoms.
The stool test is most commonly used for identifying the cause of diarrhea.
The initial treatment of enterobacterial diarrhea is usually empiric.
Alternative treatments for diarrhea are intended to relieve the discomfort of abdominal cramping.
Homeopathic practitioners frequently recommend Arsenicum album for diarrhea caused by contaminated food and Belladonna for diarrhea that comes on suddenly with mucus in the stools.
Veratrum album would be given for watery diarrhea, and Podophyllum for diarrhea with few other symptoms.
Because of the extensive loss of water through diarrhea, it is important to prevent dehydration.
Diluted juice should be avoided because juice can worsen diarrhea.
Escherichia coli-A type of enterobacterium that is responsible for most cases of severe bacterial diarrhea in the United States.
Possible symptoms are discoloration of the tongue and diarrhea.
Bouts of diarrhea can quickly cause rashes in most children.
Lactobacillus bifidus-A property of breast milk that interferes with the growth of pathogenic bacteria in the gastrointestinal tracts of babies, reducing the incidence of diarrhea.
Lactobacillus bifidus can be added to infant formulas to help control diarrhea.
It also has some potentially serious side effects, including nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, increased susceptibility to infections, skin rashes, a decrease in the number of blood cells, and potential liver damage.
Symptoms include watery diarrhea and exhaustion.
Diarrhea and rose-colored spots on the chest and abdomen are other symptoms.
It may follow vomiting, prolonged diarrhea, or excessive sweating.
Persistent vomiting or diarrhea (which can occur in a partial blockage) can result in dehydration.
If the duodenum is twisted as in volvulus, the newborn may have a distended abdomen and bloody diarrhea.
Too much zinc may lead to diarrhea, vomiting, and kidney and heart problems.
The sweat test is administered as soon as CF is suspected, either because of family history or symptoms, such as frequent colds, recurrent lung infections, recurrent diarrhea, difficulty absorbing food, and slower-than-normal growth.
Common Munchausen by proxy symptoms include apnea (cessation of breathing), fever, vomiting, and diarrhea.
Taking iron supplements can result in diarrhea, cramps, or vomiting.
If the child has diarrhea, high-fiber and high-fat foods, gassy foods, and carbonated beverages should be avoided.
It is important for the child to continue drinking fluids throughout the day to avoid dehydration from diarrhea or vomiting.
Side effects are rare but may include vomiting, diarrhea, stomach upset, headache, skin rash, and hives.
Erythromycins may cause mild diarrhea that usually goes away during treatment.
However, severe diarrhea could be a sign of a very serious side effect.
Anyone who develops severe diarrhea while taking erythromycin or related drugs should stop taking the medicine and call a physician immediately.
The most common side effects are mild diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and stomach or abdominal cramps.
Gastrointestinal effects may also develop, including vomiting, diarrhea, and stomach cramps.
If the blockage is only partial, however, diarrhea can occur.
Parents should be aware of the child's bowel habits and report constipation, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and vomiting to the pediatrician when it occurs.
Shigellosis is a well-known cause of traveler's diarrhea and illness throughout the world.
The major symptoms of shigellosis are diarrhea, abdominal cramps, fever, and severe fluid loss (dehydration).
The most serious form of the disease is called dysentery, which is characterized by severe watery (and often blood- and mucus-streaked) diarrhea, abdominal cramping, rectal pain, and fever.
Shigella accounts for 10 to 20 percent of all cases of diarrhea worldwide, and in any given year infects over 140 million persons and kills 600,000, mostly children and the elderly.
This fluid secretion is a major cause of the diarrhea symptoms.
Symptoms can be limited to mild diarrhea or develop into dysentery.
Dehydration results from the large fluid losses due to diarrhea, vomiting, and fever.
Clues to this diagnosis include sudden decrease in diarrhea, swelling of the abdomen, and worsening abdominal pain.
Shigellosis is one of the many causes of acute diarrhea.
Culture (growing the bacteria in the laboratory) of freshly obtained diarrhea fluid is the only way to be certain of the diagnosis.
In patients who have suffered particularly severe attacks, some degree of cramping and diarrhea can last for several weeks.
Many patients with gastrointestinal symptoms will have diarrhea and fatty, greasy, unusually foul-smelling stools.
A child with undiagnosed celiac disease may become very ill with severe diarrhea and malnutrition.
They also include dehydration and watery diarrhea.
Hyper-IgM syndrome appears during the first year of life when the child develops recurrent infections of the respiratory tract that do not respond to standard antibiotic treatment, along with chronic diarrhea.
The diarrhea is usually caused by opportunistic infections of the digestive tract; the most common disease agents are Cryptosporidium parvum, Giardia lamblia, Campylobacter, or rotaviruses.
Another early warning sign is recurrent or chronic diarrhea.
Nutritional concerns for children with XHIM are related to infections of the digestive tract resulting in chronic diarrhea.
The primary risks with chronic diarrhea are dehydration and malnutrition.
To prevent dehydration, the doctor may recommend a clear liquid diet for infants and toddlers during episodes of diarrhea.
Proper nutrition is a lifelong concern for children with hyper-IgM syndrome because of the possibility of malnutrition caused by chronic diarrhea.
Older children can be given a nutritional supplement (Ensure) during episodes of severe diarrhea.
These infants gradually evolve from tube feedings to oral feedings, and medications are used to control the malabsorption, diarrhea, and other consequences of this condition.
Niacin deficiency results in pellagra, which involves skin rashes and scabs, diarrhea, and mental depression.
Frequent digestive disturbances and diarrhea may lead to malab-sorption of essential nutrients and failure to thrive.
When children get the flu, they often complain of nausea and have vomiting and diarrhea, although these problems are less common in older children and adults.
Symptoms of food poisoning are usually gastrointestinal, such as nausea, abdominal pain, vomiting, and/or diarrhea.
Food poisoning is sometimes called bacterial gastroenteritis or infectious diarrhea and is sometimes incorrectly called ptomaine poisoning.
Every year millions of people of all ages suffer from bouts of vomiting and diarrhea blamed correctly on something they ate.
Each type of bacteria has a different incubation period and duration, and all except the botulinum toxin cause inflammation of the intestines and diarrhea.
These toxins (except those from C. botulinum) cause inflammation of the stomach lining and the small and/or large intestines, resulting in abdominal muscle cramps, vomiting, diarrhea, and fever.
Dehydration can result from loss of fluids through persistent vomiting and diarrhea; it is one of the most frequent and serious complications of food poisoning.
Symptoms of food poisoning, such as abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting, and fever, begin eight to 72 hours after eating food contaminated with salmonella.
Dehydration can be a complication of severe cases with persistent vomiting and/or diarrhea.
Those affected have severe abdominal cramps and watery diarrhea that usually becomes bloody within 24 hours, a condition that can last from one to eight days.
Campylobacter is the leading cause of bacterial diarrhea worldwide, responsible for more cases (2 million or more) of bacterial diarrhea in the United States than Shigella and Salmonella combined.
Symptoms will typically include fever, abdominal pain, nausea, headache, muscle pain, and diarrhea.
The diarrhea can be watery or sticky and may contain blood.
Shigella is a common cause of diarrhea in travelers to developing countries.
In addition to the familiar watery diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and abdominal cramps, the individual may also have chills, fever, and neurological symptoms.
The diarrhea may be quite severe with cramping and progresses to classic dysentery.
Any unexplained abdominal pain accompanied by persistent vomiting or diarrhea, whether or not a food source is suspected, should be reported to the doctor.
Treatment of food poisoning, except for botulism, focuses on preventing or correcting dehydration by replacing critical fluids and electrolytes lost through vomiting and diarrhea.
Stopping the diarrhea actually maintains toxin levels in the body for longer periods and may prolong the infection.
During a period of active vomiting and diarrhea, solid food should be avoided and only small quantities of clear liquids should be consumed as frequently as possible.
Alternative practitioners offer the same advice as traditional practitioners concerning diet modification, treatment of diarrhea and vomiting, and prevention of dehydration.
The severity of the symptoms depends upon the extent of the enzyme deficiency, and ranges from a feeling of mild bloating to severe diarrhea.
In a growing child, the main symptoms are diarrhea and a failure to gain weight.
Food intolerances can be confused with food allergies, since the symptoms of nausea, cramps, bloating, and diarrhea are similar.
Sugars that are not broken down into one of the simplest forms cause the body to push fluid into the intestines, which results in watery diarrhea (osmotic diarrhea).
The diarrhea may sweep other nutrients out of the intestine before they can be absorbed, causing malnutrition.
Newborns and infants have a higher risk of chronic diarrhea and malnutrition from carbohydrate intolerance.
Others develop pneumonia, diarrhea, dry or cracked lips, jaundice, or an inflammation of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord (meningitis).
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common gastrointestinal condition characterized by abdominal pain and cramps; changes in bowel movements (diarrhea, constipation, or both); gassiness; bloating; nausea; and other symptoms.
Sometimes there is too much, which has the opposite effect and causes diarrhea.
The nutritional assessment includes a review of the child's fiber intake as well as his or her usual consumption of sugars such as sorbitol and fructose-common culprits of diarrhea.
Reflexology is a foot massage technique that is thought to relieve diarrhea, constipation, and other IBS symptoms.
Antispasmodic medications can slow bowel contractions and decrease diarrhea.
Ulcerative colitis-A form of inflammatory bowel disease characterized by inflammation of the mucous lining of the colon, ulcerated areas of tissue, and bloody diarrhea.
Viral and bacterial gastroenteritis are intestinal infections associated with symptoms of diarrhea, abdominal cramps, nausea, and vomiting.
Typically, children ages three to 15 months are more vulnerable to rotaviruses, the most significant cause of acute watery diarrhea.
Outbreaks of diarrhea caused by rotaviruses are common during the winter and early spring months, especially in child care centers.
Vomiting and diarrhea symptoms occur about one week after exposure to the virus.
Symptoms of vomiting and diarrhea appear within one to three days after exposure to the virus.
Gastroenteritis symptoms include nausea and vomiting, watery diarrhea, and abdominal pain and cramps.
The loss of fluids through diarrhea and vomiting can upset the body's electrolyte balance, leading to potentially life-threatening problems such as heart beat abnormalities (arrhythmia).
When diarrhea and vomiting symptoms have subsided, plain foods can be given.
They are essential for replacing fluids, minerals, and salts lost from diarrhea or vomiting, and should be given when diarrhea or vomiting first occur.
The child may be contagious before the onset of diarrhea and a few days after the diarrhea has ended.
Some children may also have frequent digestive disturbances and diarrhea that can lead to improper absorption of nutrients and malnourishment, occurring most commonly in IgA deficiency.
In addition to the vomiting, the child may have a headache, low-grade fever, dizziness, pain in the abdomen, heavy drooling, and diarrhea.
Infants with eosinophilic gastroenteropathies usually have acute reactions after food intake (within minutes to in one to two hours) that generally include nausea, vomiting and severe abdominal pain, later followed by diarrhea.
There are often no symptoms of HIV in infants, but within a few months most infants who are infected show signs of opportunistic infections such as failure to thrive, chronic thrush, and persistent diarrhea.
Taking iron supplements can result in constipation, diarrhea, cramps, or vomiting in sensitive individuals.
Some patients with selective IgA deficiency experience no symptoms, while others have occasional lung infections and diarrhea.
It tends to cause fungal infections, including severe thrush that does not respond to usual treatment; severe diarrhea; and serious bacterial infections.
If a child is known to have an immunodeficiency disorder, a healthcare provider should be contacted if the child shows signs of having an infection, such as fever, vomiting, diarrhea, swelling of the lymph nodes, or unusual fatigue.
Dietary magnesium deficiency is uncommon, but may occur in chronic alcoholics, persons taking diuretic drugs, and as a result of severe, prolonged diarrhea.
Sodium-sodium deficiency (hyponatremia) is a serious deficiency, arising most often after excessive losses of body fluid (dehydration) during prolonged and severe diarrhea or vomiting.
Dietary magnesium deficiency is rare because the mineral is found in nearly all foods, but it can occur through poor diet or in malnutrition, or result from excessive losses due to severe diarrhea or vomiting.
Signs of copper deficiency may include anemia, diarrhea, weakness, poor respiratory function, baldness, skin sores, and increased lipid (fat) levels in the blood.
Zinc deficiency can be caused by diarrhea, liver and kidney disease, alcoholism, diabetes, malabsorption, and overconsumption of fiber.
Signs include a rash on the face, groin, hands and feet, and diarrhea.
Genuine physical symptoms are common and include dizziness, headaches, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, shaking or trembling, fast heart rate, chest pains, and back, joint or stomach pains.
Anxiety, diarrhea, drowsiness, headache, sweating, nausea, sexual problems, and insomnia are all possible side effects of SSRIs.
A "serotonin syndrome" may occur, where mental status changes and where agitation, sweating, shivering, tremors, diarrhea, and uncoordination, and fever may develop.
This concern intensifies if the vomiting is accompanied by diarrhea that accelerates fluid and electrolyte depletion.
Dehydration is often a result of gastrointestinal disease and diarrhea in children.
An infant younger than two months of age has diarrhea or is vomiting.
During both rehydration and maintenance phases, fluid losses from vomiting and diarrhea should be replaced continuously.
Restricting lactose (milk and milk products) is usually not necessary but may be helpful in a child with a severe intestinal disease or diarrhea in a malnourished child.
Additional ORS should be administered to replace ongoing losses from vomiting and diarrhea.
Sports drinks are not recommended as they contain a lot of sugar and may worsen diarrhea.
In order to accurately calculate fluid loss, it is important to chart weight changes every day and keep a record of how many times a child vomits or has diarrhea.
Vomiting and diarrhea that continue for several days without adequate fluid replacement can be fatal.
Parents can prevent dehydration in infants and children who are vomiting or who have diarrhea by increasing fluids to compensate for losses.
Infants and children with diarrhea and vomiting should be given ORS such as Pedialyte immediately to help prevent dehydration.
Marasmus usually develops between the ages of six months and one year in children who have been weaned from breast milk or who suffer from weakening conditions such as chronic diarrhea.
Children at particular risk for secondary PEM are those who have diseases that involve diarrhea or that otherwise interfere with nutrient absorption.
Anemia, diarrhea, and fluid and electrolyte disorders are common.
Nutrient loss can be accelerated by bleeding, diarrhea, abnormally high blood sugar levels (glycosuria), kidney disease, malabsorption disorders, and other factors.