Diagram Sentence Examples
Indicator diagram corresponding to 1 lb.
The lines of constant energy on the diagram are called Isenergics.
The pull recorded on the diagram includes the resistances due to acceleration and to the gradient on which the train is moving.
Lines representing efficiency ratios of o 6, 0.5 and 0.4 are plotted on the diagram, so that the efficiency ratios corresponding to the various experiments plotted may be readily read off.
The indicated horse-power developed by a cylinder may always be ascertained from an indicator diagram and observations of the speed.Advertisement
There should be a diagram for each step.
The subjoined diagram will indicate the relationship of the forms.
There is also a useful diagram showing how bacteria cause peptic ulcers.
The phenomena may be investigated by following a horizontal line across the diagram.
These two diagrams naturally have much the same general shape, but though the boundaries of the several regions in the iron-cementite diagram are known pretty accurately, and though the relative positions of the boundaries of the two diagrams are probably about as here shown, the exact topography of the iron-graphite diagram is not yet known.Advertisement
A diagram of a vapour compression machine is shown in fig.
The tree diagram is beginning to look rather complicated.
If this carbon is all present as graphite, so that in cooling the graphite-austenite diagram has been followed strictly (§ 26), the constitution is extremely simple; clearly the mass consists first of a metallic matrix, the carbonless iron itself with whatever silicon, manganese, phosphorus and sulphur happen to be present, in short an impure ferrite, encased in which as a wholly distinct foreign body is the graphite.
Above the diagram are given the names of the different classes of cast iron to which different stages in the change from graphite to cementite correspond, and above these the names of kinds of steel or cast iron to which at the corresponding stages the constitution of the matrix corresponds, while below the diagram are given the properties of the cast iron as a whole corresponding to these stages, and still lower the purposes for which these stages fit the cast iron, first because of its strength and shock-resisting power, and second because of its hardness.
To the left of the diagram is shown (by firm lines) a system of canals laid out scientifically, and of drains (by dotted lines) flowing between them.Advertisement
Trenton is served by the Pennsylvania (main line and Belvidere division) and the Philadelphia & Reading railway systems, by inter-urban electric railways, and by small freight and passenger steamers on the Delaware river; the Delaware && Raritan Canal connects with r 0 U Argent Diagram of Half of Trente et Quarante Table.
To obtain an open diagram of these movements the plate must be moved, say by clockwork.
For obtaining an open diagram of an earthquake the best type of apparatus consists of a pair of horizontal pendulums writing their movements upon a moving surface.
In the diagram there is indicated the situation of the cortical centres for movement of the vocal cords.
The magnifying power of the telescope is = Ff /ex, where F and f are respectively the focal lengths of the large and the small mirror, e the focal length of the eye-piece, and x the distance between the principal foci of the two mirrors (=Ff in the diagram) when the instrument is in adjustment for viewing distant objects.Advertisement
It was then discharged through the regenerator, depositing heat for the next charge of air in turn to take up. The indicator diagram approximated to a form made up of two isothermal lines and two lines of constant pressure.
This diagram consists of a polygon whose successive sides represent /\p9
The relations will be understood from the annexed diagram, where corresponding lines in the force-diagram FIG.
As regards the funicular diagram, let LM be the line on which the pairs of corresponding sides of the two polygons meet, and through it draw any two planes w, w.
Thus ii AB, BC, CD represent the given loads, in the force-diagram, we construct the sides corresponding to OA, OB, OC, OD in the funicular; we then draw the closing line of the funicular polygon, and a parallel OE to it in the force diagram.Advertisement
It may be noticed that if we take an arbitrary pole in the force-diagram, and draw a corresponding funicular in the skeleton diagram which represents the frame together with the lines of action of the extraneous forces, we obtain two complete reciprocal figures, in Maxwells sense.
To find the pressure exerted by a bar AB on the pin A we compound with the force in AB given by the diagram a force equal to P. Conversely, to find the pressure of the pin A on the bar AB we must compound with the force given by the diagram a force equal and opposite to P. This question arises in practice in the theory of three-jointed structures; for the purpose in hand such a structure is sufficiently represented by two bars AB, BC. The right-hand figure represents a portion of the force-diagram; in particular ZX represents the pressure of AB on B
Hence set out the possible direction of Bs motion in the velocity diagram, namely cbi, at right angles to CB.
Hence draw a line through O in the velocity diagram at right angles to AB to cut cbi in b.
It will be understood that there is a new velocity diagram for every new configuration of the mechanism, and that in each new diagram the image of the rod will be different in scale.
Following the method indicated above for a kinematic chain in general, there will be obtained a velocity diagram similar to that of fig.
The particular drought shown on the diagram is the result of an exceptionally early deficiency of rainfall which, in conjunction with the variation of demand shown by the dotted line b b, is the most trying condition.
The whole diagram shows, by the greater gradient of the unbroken straight lines, the greater demand which can be satisfied by the enlargement of the reservoir to the extent necessary to equalize the flow of the two driest consecutive years.
The line a" a" drawn from zero parallel to the first line, produced to the boundaries of the diagram, will cut the vertical at the end of the first year at the percentage of the driest year's flow which may be safely drawn continuously from the reservoir throughout the two years.
Similarly, the yield from any given reservoir, or the capacity required for any yield, corresponding with any mean rainfall from 30 to 100 in., and with the flow over any period, from the driest year to the six or more consecutive driest years, may be determined from the diagram.
If, therefore, the centre of that became so far removed to the right as to make j coincident with b, the diagram of stresses would become the triangle j'l'c', and the vertical pressure at the inner face would be nil.
This will evidently happen when the centre of pressure i' is two-thirds from the inner toe b and one-third from the outer toe c'; and if we displace the centre of pressure still further to the right, the condition that the centre of figure of the diagram shall be vertically under that centre of pressure can only be fulfilled by allowing the point j to cross the base to j" thus giving a negative pressure or tension at the inner toe.
Tensile stresses (indicated by broken lines on the diagram) are shown at the upstream toe notwithstanding that the line of resistance is well within the middle third of the section.
On examining the diagram it will be observed that the maximum compressive stresses are parallel to and near to the down stream face of the section, which values are approximately equal to the maximum value of the vertical stress determined by the law of uniformly varying stress divided by the cosine squared of the angle between the vertical and the resultant.
In the actual instrument, the paper diagram is mounted upon a drum caused by clockwork to revolve uniformly, and is ruled with vertical hour lines, and horizontal quantity lines representing gallons per hour.
Having arrived at the end of the district he retraces his steps, reopens the whole of the stop-cocks, removes the meter diagram, takes it to the night complaint office, and enters in the " night inspection book " the records he has made.
The next morning the diagram and the " night inspection book " are in the hands of the day inspector, who compares them.
He finds, for example, from the diagram that the initial leakage of 2000 gallons an hour has in the course of a 41 hours' night inspection fallen to 400 gallons an hour, and that the 1600 gallons an hour is accounted for by Distribution The earliest water supplies in Great Britain were generally distributed at low pressure by wooden pipes or stone or brick conduits.
Each of these drops is located by the time and place records in the book and the time records on the diagram as belonging to a particular service pipe; so that out of possibly 300 premises the bulk of the leakage has been localized in or just outside fifteen.
That described requires a diagram revolving once in a few hours, otherwise the time scale will be too close; but the ordinary diagram revolving once in 24 hours is often used quite effectively in night inspections by only closing those stop-cocks which are actually passing water.
Similar examinations by means of the stop-valves on the mains are also made, and it often happens that the residual leakage (400 gallons an hour in the last case) recorded on the diagram, but not shut off by the house stop - cocks, is mentioned by the inspector as an " outside waste," and localized as having been heard at a stop-cock and traced by sounding the pavement to a particular position under a particular street.
Using the symbols of the diagram, it can be shown that the effect of placing the weight W at E instead of F is to cause the end of the beam to descend, as if under the action of an additional weight, w, at F such that w Wa(ml - l +tan 0)/h.
Behind the pulley at the top of the machine and on the same shaft is a spur wheel, which drives both of the spur wheels shown in the diagram.
The ratchet wheel is acted upon by a pawl which is shown on the diagram.
Next, a pair of mesenteries, marked II,II in the diagram, is developed in the sulcular chamber, its musclebanners facing the same way as those of I, I.
B, Diagram showing the arrangement of mesenteries in a young Zoanthid.
Multiple-Tables.-The diagram C or D of § 35 is part of a complete table giving the successive multiples of the particular unit.
Thus, in the diagram of § 36, is.
The determination of a submultiple is therefore equivalent to completion of the diagram E or E' of § 35 by entry of the unit, when the number of times it is taken, and the product, are given.
The determination of a quotient is equivalent to completion of the diagram by entry of the number when the unit and the product are given.
The added terms are shown above the line in the diagram in § 43.
Proportion.-If from any two columns in the table of § 36 we remove the numbers or quantities in any two rows, we get a diagram such as that here shown.
Diagram of Fractional Relation.-To find 17 of 14s.
The elements of the multiple-table with which we are concerned are shown in the diagram in the margin.
This diagram serves equally for the two statements that (i) 2 of 14s.
This diagram exhibits a relation between the two amounts 5s.
Hence we can treat the fractional numbers which have any one denominator as 0 o constituting a number-series, as shown in the 2 adjoining diagram.
We have next to conceive that, as the earth performs its annual revolution round the sun in an orbit whose diameter, as represented on the diagram, is nearly 40 ft., it carries the orbit of the moon with it.
The diagram constructed by Tait on this principle is fully explained and illustrated in many text-books, and has been generally adopted as embodying in a simple form the fundamental phenomena of thermoelectricity.
If the circuit is open, as represented in the diagram, the flow will cease as soon as it has raised the potential of the iron 3844 microvolts above that of the lead.
For simplicity in the diagram the temperature gradient has been taken as uniform, and the specific heat s= constant, but the total P.D.
The diagram will serve for any selected couple, such as iron-nickel, and is not restricted to combinations with lead.
The line of lead is taken to be horizontal in the diagram, because the thermoelectric power, p, may be reckoned from any convenient zero.
He flipped the notebook open to show a neatly sketched diagram of the compass with the ones he'd interpreted highlighted.
The diagram shows an analemma for a location about three degrees west of the time meridian.
Diagram to illustrate parathyroid anatomy (posterior view) - click to enlarge There is variation in the number and location of glands.
Our performance in collecting former tenant arrears shown in diagram 6 indicates that we are also just above the Welsh average.
Diagram 13.2 The rubbing bevel 13.5 The first cut The first cut is the easiest one.
Return to DIAGRAM Disposal of iron residues The waste product from the ion exchange was ferric chloride.
As a result, our diagram only includes very common logic circuits from the CMOS 4000 family, with quite respectable results.
Diagram of the patch clamp technique - click on the thumbnail to enlarge.
The circle diagram has had a dramatic impact on the international plant research community.
We are hoping to show a diagram showing the typical sites where jaw cysts form in the syndrome.
Click here for a diagram illustrating the doubly wound fold of the first domain of lactate dehydrogenase.
We understand that this loco-hauled diagram will also be working on Saturdays.
See the accompanying diagram showing the pitch line for the Big Blade.
Do you have a wiring diagram for a Daimler 3.6 1986 on a D reg?
The plot is called a scatter diagram or a scatter plot.
The diagram shows a simple dimer - the start of the polymerisation process.
Draw a labeled diagram to show how is a 3½ inch diskette can be logically organized into subdirectories.
On the phase diagram we have favored the former rather than the latter explanation, although this conclusion is still equivocal at the moment.
The tree diagram for this situation is beginning to become rather fearsome.
Each steroid injection given in this series has been recorded with a diagram of its exact position.
Writing down the equation of a straight line given a diagram with a parallel line and the y intercept.
Click on the Jmol text in the above diagram to show a popup menu.
Hide merges The hide merge toggle button helps unclutter a diagram by turning off, hiding, all merge arrows.
I started off with a rather messy spider diagram of what I thought might be on the site.
The tutorial initializes with a cut-away schematic diagram of a reflected light fluorescence microscope appearing in the window.
Diagram of the drip-feed oiler I obtained the drip-feed oiler from Axminster Power Tools.
Each of the four compass points around the atom symbol in a Lewis diagram represents one of the four possible positions for electron pairs.
Figure 1. A diagram showing the Ewald Sphere intersecting the series of lattice rods lying perpendicular to the plane of the sample.
Serine Protease In the diagram above a small peptide is shown being cleaved, while the usual substrate would be a larger polypeptide.
In this diagram, young, high magnetic field radio pulsars are located in the upper part.
A color diagram will help to show which colors work to achieve the results you want.
Hathaway noticed the latest polar reversal in a " magnetic butterfly diagram.
Try and have an empty safety zone behind you (look at the above diagram ).
The plot is called a scatter diagram or a scatter diagram or a scatter plot.
A diagram of a cross section of the solid is shown in Fig 9.4.
A summary oil seep diagram can be found here.
The upper semicircle of each node on the comparison diagram summarizes these features.
For a discrete event simulation the Sequence diagram looks best suited to show how events affect the objects during the experiment execution.
Draw a diagram to indicate the arrangement of cells in a liver sinusoid.
The following is a diagram showing a major and minor lunar standstill of the Full Moon.
The diagram shows the parts of a conventional strainer.
The following diagram illustrates the calculation using the tangent of the angle.
Note how the common tangents from the free energy curves (upper graph) " construct " the phase diagram below it.
This tendon is called the common extensor tendon (please see diagram, below ).
This diagram shows a single seminiferous tubule, and cells in the interstitial tissue outside the tubule.
These events are represented by a single vertex in a Feynman diagram.
I have included a diagram of the sites of the puncture wounds which were evident.
When two elements form more than one compound, as is the case with oxygen and carbon, he assigned to the compound which he thought the more complex an atom made up of two atoms of the one element and one atom of the other; the diagram for carbonic acid illustrates this, and an extension of the same plan enabled him to represent any compound, however complex its structure.
Thus if Dalton's diagram for the molecule, propor- or compound atom, of water be correct, it follows that in all samples of water the total number of the hydrogen atoms is equal to that of the oxygen atoms; consequently, the ratio of the weight of oxygen to that of hydrogen in water is the same as the ratio of the weights of an oxygen and a hydrogen atom, and this is invariable.
Similarly, Dalton's diagram for ammonia, together with the fact that ammonia contains 4.67 parts of nitrogen to one of hydrogen, at once leads to the conclusion that the atomic weight of nitrogen is 4.67.
The other, the " lower " or subumbral nerve-ring, is derived from the ectoderm on the sub-umbral side of the velum; it contains fewer but larger ganglion-cells and innervates the muscles of the velum (see diagram in article Medusae).
He followed Ptolemy closely, enlarging on his distinction between geography and chorography, and expressing the artistic analogy in a rough diagram.
For as we have already seen (see diagram above) aef were early influenced by a, and d is conflate in character.
Diagram showing the muscular system.
But if we polish the solid alloys, etch them if necessary, and examine them microscopically, we shall find that alloys on the lead side of the diagram consist of comparatively large crystals of lead embedded in a minute complex, which is due to the simultaneous crystallization of the two metals during the solidification at the eutectic temperature.
With three component metals the complete diagram giving the variations in any property must be in three dimensions, although by the use of contour lines the essential facts can be represented in a plane diagram.
Any line (" path " or " graph ") on the diagram, such as BCD, represents an " operation " or " process " i.e.
Let a frame (without redundant members), and the external forces which keep it in equilibrium, be represented by a diagram constituting one of these two plane figures, then the lines in the other plane figure or the reciprocal will represent in direction and magnitude the forces between the joints of the frame, and, consequently, the stress on each member, as will now be explained.
Diagram of the structure of a medusa; the ectoderm is left clear, the endoderm is dotted, the mesogloea is shaded black; a-b, principal axis (see Hydrozoa); to the left of this line the section is supposed to pass through an inter-radius (I.R.); to the right through a radius (R).
On a plane figure this solid diagram must be drawn in perspective, the third axis C being imagined to lie out of the plane of the paper.
The mean pressure P is ascertained from the diagram or "card" given by an indicator (see Steamengine).
You might like to reinforce learning here by asking pairs or groups to plan brief TV presentations to explain the diagram.
Also, components can easily be repositioned any where in the diagram, allowing better spacing.
Diagram reprinted by permission of Cancer Research UK To answer the questions about deaths from cancer, take a look at the graph.
Hathaway noticed the latest polar reversal in a magnetic butterfly diagram.
Try and have an empty safety zone behind you (look at the above diagram).
You will notice that the shading patterns displayed in the diagram below all display " fuzzy " edges.
You must remember that this diagram represents only a tiny part of the whole sodium chloride crystal.
Here is a space-time diagram to which shows the two causally separated regions.
A block diagram of the spectrometer system is shown in figure 11.
Overflow pipes are marked O. The position of stopcocks etc is marked on the diagram below which also shows the hot water path.
The next diagram shows the redox reactions demonstrating the chemistry of succinate production.
These results are to be summarized in a tree diagram.
To aid in following the assignments, it helps to be familiar with the topology diagram.
The diagram shows the position of the udder of a cow.
Suppose we have data from three groups, A, B and C for which we want to plot a box and whisker diagram.
This can be seen more clearly by examining the Carbon Cycle Diagram.
If you would like to see a diagram of how hybrid cars work, this site has a simple, easy to understand diagram of the engine area of a hybrid.
Kipmilk has a detailed diagram targeted especially for Alaskan Malamutes that would work well for large dogs.
For a very detailed diagram complete with step-by-step assembly plans, check the McEmn Great Dane site.
All of the guitar chords and tabs are contributed by musicians who have done their best to pick out each tune and diagram it for you.
Tabs simplify guitar practice by providing a diagram of the strings and frets.
However, tablature is not the same as a specific chord diagram.
Basically, the diagram of tabs includes notes, lines and numbers.
This is illustrated in the diagram below.
Give you a visual diagram and layout of what your deck will look like when completed.
A ring size diagram will help define the size of a ring and to ensure that the buyer and seller are both talking in the same measurements.
They're just $49.95 and you can view a diagram of how to swap out the lenses on the site before you buy.
Preparation also usually includes drawing a genogram, which is a diagram that depicts significant persons and events in the family's history.
Genogram-A family tree diagram that represents the names, birth order, sex, and relationships of the members of a family.
The left and right foot are usually indicated either by the shape of the foot, by one being black and the other white, by a small "L" or "R" in the diagram, or by any combination of these three.
Some dance steps (such as the basic walk) are simple enough to only require one diagram with all the motions involved in it.
A dance steps feet diagram is one of the oldest tools for teaching and recording dance.
However, as people traveled more, they wanted to have a more standardized form of dance, and in the Renaissance dance masters created the first dance steps "feet diagram" charts.
Publishers made a great deal of money by printing out dance steps, feet diagram charts, as well as the accompanying sheet music (and later records).
Thanks to a dance steps feet diagram, your moves can be learned by anyone who sees them, and your moves will become part of the history of the art that is dance.
Opposing yet equal energies that are complimentary and completely inseparable; this is just one aspect of the ancient diagram that symbolizes a key theory in feng shui.
The bagua is an essential feng shui tool used to identify the nine basic life areas, also known as guas, in one concise diagram.
The Book of Change also plays an important role in the art of feng shui and is the basis of the bagua diagram.
The bagua diagram correlates your nine life areas to specific areas of your home or space.
The bagua chart, also known as a bagua map, bagua diagram, eight trigrams, and pa kua, is often thought of as a blueprint of your home or place of business.
If you would rather print a bagua diagram, visit Circle of Light.
Whether your project is a quick family tree diagram with your kids for school or an ongoing, research-intensive genealogical search, the benefits frequently outweigh the time involved.
With a blank diagram, you download it from the Internet to print out on your printer.
Trusty Guides is another good source for a free printable family tree diagram.
Are you looking for a diagram of a family tree?
Wiki Tree offers a printable family tree diagram.
The Tree Maker provides a five-generation blank diagram of a family tree genealogy chart.
Around 25 inches by 22 inches in size, the diagram is very nice for a wall hanging or gift.
Rather than using a diagram, you input your data and the tree is created for you in only a few minutes.
A family tree is only one type of tree diagram.
While it's one thing to create your family tree using the diagram, the most important thing to the genealogist is the accuracy of the information you put into the diagram.
If you're planning to make a chart of your ancestors and their relationships, it might help to view an example of a family tree diagram.
Enchanted Learning has several tree templates an examples, including some that might be perfect for a family lineage diagram.
After you've viewed an example of a family tree diagram, it's time to choose the type of family tree that's best for your situation.
In this way the notebook can continue to be used throughout the upper grades.The student can use loose leaf pages to write narrations, make notes, diagram things, make maps, or sketch scenes from history.
Earthguide offers an animated water cycle diagram and quiz for children.
If you are unfamiliar with the folding symbols, use origami printables that include clearly written instructions along with the diagram.
Directions for making origami weapons are usually in diagram form, with or without written instructions.
Look ahead to the next photo or diagram when following instructions, to see what the current step looks like when complete.
Kids who have a hard time learning origami from a diagram or book may find it easier if an experienced origami folder creates the project with them the first time or two.
Using an origami dragon diagram is a great way to learn how to make a dragon.
Once you are familiar with diagram symbols, folding terms and basic bases, you will be ready to attempt some simple origami dragons.
Like other origami animal instructions, diagrams for dragons use many of the same symbols to make interpreting the diagram easier for everyone.
In addition to understanding the various symbols used in origami diagrams, you may also need to know some basic base folds and bases before you begin following your origami dragon diagram.
Origami Dragon Now has a fairly easy dragon diagram at the bottom of the post.
Novices should be able to follow Dynamic Miscellany's Dragon diagram without too much trouble, as long as they have mastered basic folds and following diagrams.
Using a diagram to make an origami dragon has a few advantages.
An origami dragon diagram is a great way to learn how to make dragons using folded paper.
Folding origami instructions will help guide you, but it's always helpful to have a diagram or video to assist as well.
If the diagram says to unfold, be sure to unfold before moving on.
Choose a diagram that is suited for your skill level and create hearts for display in your home during holidays or as part of your everyday décor.
For instance looking at an orizuru (crane) diagram from the 1797 book Hiden Senbazuru Orikata, an origami folder today could easily follow along by just looking at the step-by-step tutorial.
Each project has been rated by users, and you can view the project as a diagram or an animation.
When it comes to folding the actual flowers, it is important to understand terminology and diagram symbols.
For a variation, try making the waterlily using David Petty's diagram.
Perhaps one of the most popular ways to learn new origami shapes is to use a diagram.
Without a diagram or photos, many people find it difficult to complete a project.
At the beginning of a diagram, you may see a circle that is divided in half, with one side shaded gray.
An eye icon is used to indicate a change in viewpoint for the particular origami diagram.
Dynamic Miscellany has an excellent diagram for making a dragon in only 15 steps.
Origami Fun has a diagram for making a folded paper lily.
If you find a design too easy to fold, look for a more advanced flower or diagram to follow.
If you don't have a set of rules or a diagram for setting up your board, check out the Apronus website.
The site features a helpful facial structure diagram to aid in determining shapes and styles, and step-by-step instructions for attaching various accessories.
Visit Think Pilates for a diagram that explains the Pilates imprint.
Make a diagram of the home office in proportion to the home.
This can be shown on a graph or diagram for better clarification.
Always replace your manual after making repairs or referencing a diagram or maintenance schedule.
After your closet is organized, make a diagram of where things are stored, laminate it and tape it to the inside of a closet door.
After your cabinets are organized and you have put everything in it's place, make a written diagram so you can find what you need quickly.
The United States Government Food Pyramid attempts to provide a visual diagram of healthy foods by placing very healthy foods on the large bottom of the pyramid and 'eat in moderation or infrequently' types of foods at the apex.
Teeth are numbered on a diagram in the dental office and your dentist will refer to the teeth by number.
There is a diagram of the mouth with each tooth indicated.
To look at a detailed diagram, visit Pampered Passions.
To see a diagram of the Boy Scout uniform patch placement, you can visit Scout Stuff and scroll to the second page.
Use a mind map or conceptual diagram to flush out your ideas.
We have a diagram of this process [www.edit.com/conversion on our site].
He further tells us this pitch was a tone, nearly a tone and a half, higher than a suitable church pitch (Chorton), for which he gives a diagram.
From Aspinall's experiments it appears to be about 17 lb per ton, and this value is plotted on the diagram.
The simplest possible case in which only one plant is finally selected is illustrated in the diagram.
The map or diagram of which Leonardo Dati in his poem on the Sphere (Della Spera) wrote in 1422 " un T dentre a uno 0 mostra it disegno " (a T within an 0 shows the design) is one of the most persistent types among the circular or wheel maps of the world.
The relations of the above authorities are too complicated to be treated of here in detail, but they are represented on the subjoined diagram.
Floral diagram of Viola, showing arrangement of parts in horizontal plan.
The effect of the ends of the wire is, as Ewing remarks, to shear the diagram in the horizontal direction through the angle which the sloping line makes with the vertical.
The closed figure a c d e a is variously called a hysteresis curve or diagram or loop. The area f HdB enclosed by it represents the work done in carrying a cubic centimetre of the iron through the corresponding magnetic cycle; expressed in ergs this work is I HdB.
The sample under test is prepared in the form of a ring A, upon which are wound the induction and the magnetizing coils; the latter should be wound evenly over the whole ring, though for the sake of clearness only part of the winding is indicated in the diagram.
In the same circuit is also included the induction coil E, which is used for standardizing the galvanometer; this secondary coil is represented in the diagram by three turns of wire wound over a much longer primary coil.
During the first stage, when the magnetizing force is small, the magnetization (or the induction) increases rather slowly with increasing force; this is well shown by the nickel curve in the diagram, but the effect would be no less conspicuous in the iron curve if the abscissae were plotted to a larger scale.
Under increasing magnetizing forces, greatly exceeding those comprised within the limits of the diagram, the magAetization does practically reach a limit, the maximum value being attained with a magnetizing force of less than 2000 for wrought iron and nickel, and less than 4000 for cast iron and cobalt.
B, Diagram showing the nature of this infolding.
A, Diagram of a retinula of the central eye of a scorpion consisting of five retina-cells (ret), with adherent branched pigment cells (pig).
Enrico treats of the fall of the Visigothic monarchy and the beginnings of resistance in the Asturias which gave 1 The - diagram shows the arrangement and proportions of the Villa Ercolanese.
Diagram to show the division of the great branch Enterozoa into two grades and the Phyla given off therefrom.
Diagram showing the primary grades and branches' of the Animal Pedigree.
As will be seen from this diagram the most serious source of death and injury is not found in mine explosions, but in the fall of rocks and mineral in the working places.
A diagram has been drawn by Col.
Employing the notation in which the molecule is represented vertically with the aldehyde group at the bottom, and calling a carbon atom+or - according as the hydrogen atom is to the left or right, the possible configurations are shown in the diagram.
After discussing the structure of the eye he gives an experiment in which the appearance of the reversed images of outside objects on a piece of paper held in front of a small hole in a darkened room, with their forms and colours, is quite clearly described and explained with a diagram, as an illustration of the phenomena of vision.
In such a diagram, a point P defines a particular mixture, both as to percentage, composition and temperature; a vertical line through P corresponds to the mixture at all possible temperatures, the point Q being its freezing-point.
For an example of such a diagram, see the Bakerian Lecture, 1903, Phil.
But the attempt to interpret, in terms of this Asiatic diagram, the actual distribution of dialects and peoples in European Greece, led to difficulties.
Otherwise the transformation could not be fully represented on the diagram, and would not be reversible.
Taking this ideal limit as a theoretical or absolute zero, the value of H may be represented on the diagram by the whole area included between the two adiabatics BAZ, CDZ' down to the points where they intersect the isothermal of absolute zero, or the zero isopiestic OV asymptotically at infinity.
If the substance in any state such as B were allowed to expand adiabatically (dH = o) down to the absolute zero, at which point it contains no heat and exerts no pressure, the whole of its available heat energy might theoretically be recovered in the form of external work, represented on the diagram by the whole area BAZcb under the adiabatic through the state-point B, bounded by the isometric Bb and the zero isopiestic bV.
But the line of constant energy on - the diagram does not represent the path of the transformation, unless it be supposed to be effected in a series of infinitesimal steps between each of which the substance is restored to an equilibrium state.
This is geometrically obvious from the form of the area representing the function on the indicator diagram, and also follows directly from the first law.
Apparatus is added to some dynamometers by means of which a curve showing the variations of P on a distance base is drawn automatically, the area of the diagram representing the work done; with others, integrating apparatus is combined, from which the work done during a given interval may be read off directly.
Thus the diagram shows the tractive force at any instant.
A second pencil electrically connected to a clock traces a time line on the diagram with a kick at every thirty seconds.
Five lines are traced on the diagram.
Q is supplied by a spring, the extensions of which are recorded on a drum driven proportionally to the angular displacement of the driving pulley; thus a work diagram is obtained.
The lines in the diagram represent the directions of a series of forces which must all be in equilibrium; these lines may, for an object to be explained in the next paragraph, be conveniently named by the letters in the spaces which they separate instead of by the method usually employed in geometry.
Putting arrows on the frame diagram to indicate the direction of the forces, we see that the member EY must pull and therefore act as a tie, and that the member XE must push and act as a strut.
We have been guided in the selection of the particular quadrilateral adopted by the rule of arranging the order of the sides so that the same letters indicate corresponding sides in the diagram of the frame and its reciprocal.
Continuing the construction of the diagram in the same way, we arrive at fig.
These theorems may prove useful in preliminary calculations where the pressure-curve is nearly straight; but, in the absence of any observable law, the area of the pressure-curve must be read off by a planimeter, or calculated by Simpson's rule, as an indicator diagram.
There is a short " preface to the reader " by Briggs, and a description of a triangular diagram invented by Wright for finding the proportional parts.
If we were to make a vertical section across the long axis of a Lamellibranch which had the axis of its ctenidium free from its origin onwards, we should find such relations as are shown in the diagram fig.
B,Diagram of the posterior face of a single complete filament with descending ramus and ascending ramus ending in a hook-like process;ep.,ep.,the ciliated junctions; il,j ., inter-lamellar junction.
This opens into the reflected portion which overlies it as shown in the diagram fig.
In representing on a diagram the phenomena of equilibrium in a two-component system we require a third axis along which p to plot the composition of a variable phase.
The condition of the system is represented by a single point on the diagram.
For the quantitative study of such systems in detail it is convenient to draw plane diagrams which are theoretically projections of the curves of the solid phase rule diagram on one or other of these planes.
If the two substances are soluble in each other in all proportions at all temperatures above their melting points we get a diagram reduced to the two fusion curves cutting each other at a nonvariant point.
It will be noticed that in all these theoretical curves the points of initial fusion and solidification do not in general coincide; we reach a different curve first according as we approach the diagram from below, where all is solid, or from above, where all is liquid.
These freezing-point curves and transformation curves thus divide the diagram into 8 distinct regions, each with its own specific state or constitution of the metal, the molten state for region 1, a mixture of molten metal and of solid austenite for region 2, austenite alone for region 4 and so on.
The theoretical indicator diagram is made up of two isothermal lines for the taking in and rejection of heat, and two lines of constant volume for the two passages through the regenerator.
These several images are not to the same scale, so that although the images may be considered to form collectively an image of the chain itself, the several members of this chain-image are to different scales in any one velocity diagram, and thus the chainimage is distorted from the actual proportions of the mechanism which it represents.
The magnitude of the radial acceleration is given by the expression vi/BC, v being the velocity of the point B about the point C. This velocity can always be found from the velocity diagram of the chain of which the link forms a part.
An important property of the diagram is that if points X and x are taken dividing the link CB and the whole acceleration of B about C, namely, cb in the same ratio, then Ax represents the acceleration of the point X in magnitude and direction; cb is called the acceleration image of the rod.
In applying this principle to the drawing of an acceleration diagram for a mechanism, the velocity diagram of the mechanism must be first drawn in order to afford the means of calculating the several radial accelerations of the links.
The direction of tb, the third vector in the diagram, is also known, so that the problem is reduced to the condition that b is somewhere on the line tb.
Their size may be seen from the diagram.
B, Diagram of Myzostoma, showing the nervous and alimentary systems.
The diagram applies to ordinary areas suitable for reservoir construction and in which the minimum flow of the stream reaches about one-fifth of a cubic foot per second per moo acres.
It must be clearly understood that the diagram fig.
Applied to most parts of Ireland and some parts of Great Britain, the diagram will give results rather unduly on the safe side, as the extreme annual variations of rainfall are less than in most parts of Great Britain.
C, Diagram showing the arrangement of mesenteries in an adult Zoanthid.
D, Diagram illustrating the process of budding by unequal division.
An annotated diagram of a house is shown with regulations explained.
If now we assume the water to have a depth d above the base, the total water pressure represented by the triangle kbh will have its centre at d/3 from the base, and by the parallelogram of forces, assuming the density of the masonry to be 2.5, we find that the centre of pressure upon the base bc is shifted from the centre of the base to a point i nearer to the outer toe c, and adopting our assumption of uniformly varying intensity of stress, the rectangular diagram of pressures will thus be distorted from the figure bfgc to the figure of equal area bjlc, having its centre o vertically under the point at which the resultant of all the forces cuts the base bc. For any lower level the same treatment may, step by step, be adopted, until the maximum intensity of pressure cl exceeds the assumed permissible maximum, or the centre of pressure reaches an assigned distance from the outer toe c, when the base must be widened until the maximum intensity of pressure or the centre of pressure, as the case may be, is brought within the prescribed limit.
Make adaptations to any diagram you choose.
Notice how each chord in the diagram has multiple fingering options.
Let p be the mean pressure in pounds per square inch, calculated from an indicator diagram taken from a particular cylinder when the speed of the crank-shaft is n revolutions per second.
The area of the diagram may be measured, but it is usually more convenient to calculate the number of B.Th.U.
This car is equipped with apparatus by means of which a continuous record of the draw-bar pull is obtained on a distance base; time indications are also made on the diagram from which the speed at any instant can be deduced.
In 1873 he took thermoelectricity for the subject of his discourse as Rede lecturer at Cambridge, and in the same year he presented the first sketch of his well-known thermoelectric diagram before the Royal Society of Edinburgh.
A diagram of this description will be found in Isidor of Seville's Origines (630), see fig.
Dalton believed that the molecules of the elementary gases consisted each of one atom; his diagram for hydrogen gas makes the point clear.
In the potential curves of the diagram the ordinates represent the hourly values expressed - as in Tables II.
From the diagram it will be seen that the corresponding efficiency of the ideal engine is about 0.18.
This arrangement may be understood by reference to the following diagram, representing the relative position of the stamens in orchids generally and in Cypripedium.
It would be a serious business to draw a Daltonian diagram for such a molecule.
B, Diagram of the nephridium of Alciope, into which opens the large genital funnel (coelo mostome).