It was Molly, not me, who devised a possible solution.
Yet at the time that we devised each plan, we were confident it would succeed.
The Louisiana deposits are worked by a process devised by Herman Frasch in 1891.
This was a plan of campaign he had devised while serving at the outposts during the retreat.
After many consultations and conversations, the count at last devised means to tranquillize her.
He has devised a complete explanation.
Gerdien has more recently repeated the experiments, employing an apparatus devised by him for the purpose.
But later on, to fit what had occurred, the historians provided cunningly devised evidence of the foresight and genius of the generals who, of all the blind tools of history were the most enslaved and involuntary.
It was devised by the Hudson's Bay Company for carrying freight, as a substitute for the less serviceable canoe, and was named after their York factory, the centre to which the traders brought down the furs for shipment to England and from which they took back merchandise and supplies to the interior of Rupert's Land.
In the system devised by Mr Louis Brennaxi the cars run on a single rail laid on the ground, their stability being maintained by a heavy gyrostat revolving at great speed in a vacuum.
Storehouses of food were established at various centres and a system of food-drafts was devised whereby relatives and friends could send relief where it was needed.
He wished the institutions of the present to approximate more closely to those of the past, and devised for the new French constitution a body of reforms which reflected the opinions he had formed upon the democracy at Rome and in ancient France.
The so-called "Gothenburg System" of municipal control over the sale of spirits was actually devised at Falun as early as 1850.
As no practical process of telephone relaying has been devised, it is extremely important that the character of the line should be such as to favour the preservation of the strength and form of the telephone current.
Nevertheless, epidemics occur, and practical measures are devised to meet the various cases and to check the ravages already begun.
The other three methods he devised for the sake of those who would prefer to work with natural numbers; and he mentions that the promptuary was his latest invention.
Thus he devised for Hiero engines of war which almost terrified the Romans, and which protracted the siege of Syracuse for three years.
For accurate measurement of the displacements of lines of stellar spectra which are produced by the relative motion of star and observer in the line of sight, a very beautiful instrument has been devised by Dr J.
Klemencig devised a form of thermal receiver depending on thermoelectricity.
She saw his face, heard his voice, repeated his words and her own, and sometimes devised other words they might have spoken.
Two methods were devised.
He devised the plan of persuading the viceroy of Portuguese India to despatch an embassy to China, in whose train he might enter, despite the law which then excluded foreigners from that empire.
The war went on independently of them, as it had to go: that is, never in the way people devised, but flowing always from the essential attitude of the masses.
For subscribers who desire the telephone for occasional use, the party-line system has been devised, whereby several telephones are connected to one line leading to the exchange.
Volumetric methods have also been devised.
An innumerable number of forms of coherer or wave detector depending upon the change in resistance produced at a loose or imperfect contact have been devised.
The Valentine Museum is in a house on Eleventh and Clay Streets, in which Aaron Burr was entertained while he was on trial, and which with $50,000 and his collections was devised to a board of trustees in 1892.
In particular, they eagerly accepted the worship of "Augustus and Rome," devised by the first emperor as a bond of state religion connecting the provinces with Rome.
Test after test, cunningly devised, on which the investigator has set his mind, is put aside, and another substituted."
Stephen Girard had devised and bequeathed the residue of his estate for the establishment and maintenance of Girard College, in which no minister of the Gospel of any sect or denomination whatever should be admitted.
The theory devised by the young inexperienced research scientist was easily disproven.
This first design, the model for which is preserved in the South Kensington Museum, is very inferior to what Wren afterwards devised.
A great number of preservative processes have been devised.
Wheat was so great a glut in the market that various methods were devised for feeding it to stock, a purpose for which it is not specially suited; in thus utilizing the grain, however, a smaller loss was often incurred than in sending it to market.
Remarkable as Hellriegel's discovery was, it merely furnished the explanation of a fact which had been empirically established by the husbandman long before, and had received most intelligent application when the old four-course (or Norfolk) rotation was devised.
But no carefully devised calculus can take the place of insight, observation and experience.
of practical policy, were devised with a special view to what was then a new means of transport.
The refinements of economic analysis, as distinguished from its broader achievements, should be reserved for special studies, in which a technical scientific terminology, specially devised, can be used without danger of misconception.
Numerous other forms of open-test and close-test instruments have from time to time been devised, some of which are in use in the United States and in other countries.
It is still customary to determine the open flash-point and firetest of lubricating oils, but the close flash-point is also usually ascertained, a modification of the Abel or Abel-Pensky apparatus, known as the Pensky-Martens, having been devised for the purpose.
Very convenient and accurate instruments based on the above principles have been devised by Lord Kelvin, and a large variety of these ampere balances, as they are called, suitable for measuring currents from a fraction of an ampere up to many thousands of amperes, have been constructed by that illustrious inventor.
A common rule was devised and a name adopted.
The introduction of trades-union representatives on the Supreme Labour Council, the organization of local labour councils, and the instructions to factory inspectors to put themselves in communication with the councils of the trades-unions, were valuable concessions to labour, and he further secured the rigorous application of earlier laws devised for the protection of the working-classes.
In the succeeding iatrochemical period, the methods of the alchemists were improved and new ones devised.
Since their day many chemists have entered the lists, new and powerful methods of research have been devised, and several new elements definitely characterized.
Ladenburg (Ber., 2, p. 140) devised his prism formula (IV), the six carbon atoms being placed at the six corners of a right equilateral triangular prism, with its plane projections (V, VI).
Marsh also devised a form closely resembling that of Thomsen, inasmuch as the carbon atoms occupied the angles of a regular octahedron, and the diagonal linkages differed in nature from the peripheral, but differeng from Thomsen's since rupture of the diagonal and not peripheral bonds accompanied the reduction to hexamethylene.
We may also notice the model devised by H.
benzenoid rings as represented by the symbols: - Anthracene Phenanthrene In both cases the medial ring is most readily attacked; and various formulae have been devised which are claimed by their authors to represent this and other facts.
Bergman laid the foundations of systematic qualitative analysis, and devised methods by which the metals may be separated into groups according to their behaviour with certain reagents.
38, p. 1 434) has devised a method in which the oxidation is effected by sodium peroxide; the halogens,phosphorus and sulphur can be determined by one operation.
The apparatus devised by Ramsay and Shields consisted of a capillary tube, on one end of which was blown a bulb provided with a minute hole.
Processes were devised by Guimet (1826) and by Christian Gmelin (1828), then professor of chemistry in Tubingen; but while Guimet kept his process a secret Gmelin published his, and thus became the originator of the "artificial ultramarine" industry.
The declivities of the ground are still indicated in most topographical maps by a system of strokes or hachures, first devised by L.
An elaborate universal alphabet, abounding in diacritical marks, has been devised for the purpose by Professor Lepsius, and various other systems have been adopted for Oriental languages, and by certain missionary societies, adapted to the languages in which they teach.
Space runners for facilitating these measurements, variously known as chartometers, curvimeters, opisometers, &c., have been devised in great variety.
Werner (1514) devised three heart-shaped projections, one of which was equivalent.
Among the ruder or savage tribes they possess but one form; but the ingenuity of man has devised many inventions to increase his comforts; he has varied and multiplied the characters and kinds of domestic animals for the same purpose, and hence the various breeds of horses, cattle and dogs.
It was in connexion with these latter inquiries that he devised his phosphoroscope, an apparatus which enabled the interval between exposure to the source of light and observation of the resulting effects to be varied at will and accurately measured.
Several non-electrical processes have been devised.
It was in 1806 that an improved solution was first devised.
In batteries which use acids as the electrolyte, a film of hydrogen tends to be deposited on the copper or platinum electrode; but, to obtain a constant electromotive force, several means were soon devised of preventing the formation of the film.
It is obtained by breaking up the roots or rhizomes in hot water and separating the rubber, and machines have now been devised for this purpose.
At the great Indian eclipse of 1868 he demonstrated the gaseous nature of the red prominences, and devised a method of observing them under ordinary daylight conditions.
Innumerable forms have been devised adapted for all purposes, and provided with arrangements for filling the tube, or for keeping it full and starting it into action automatically when required.
A convenient and rapid method of estimating a magnetic moment has been devised by H.
Grassot has devised a galvanometer, or " fluxmeter," which greatly alleviates the tedious operation of taking ballistic readings.2 The instrument is of the d'Arsonval type; its coil turns in a strong uniform field, and is suspended in such a manner that torsion is practically negligible, the swings of the coil being limited by damping influences, chiefly electromagnetic. The index therefore remains almost stationary at the limit of its deflection, and the deflection is approximately the same whether the change of induction occurs suddenly or gradually.
Several arrangements have been devised for determining hysteresis more easily and expeditiously than is possible by the ballistic method.
Ewing (Magnetic Induction, § 194) has devised an arrangement in which two similar test bars are placed side by side; each bar is surrounded by a magnetizing coil, the two coils being connected to give opposite directions of magnetization, and each pair of ends is connected by a short massive block of soft iron having holes bored through it to fit the bars, which are clamped in position by set-screws.
Several instruments in which the traction method is applied have been devised for the rapid measurement of induction or of magnetization in commercial samples of iron and steel.
A testing apparatus of a similar type devised by Gisbert Kapp (Journ.
In 1855, ignorant of what Wailer had done ten years previously, he succeeded in obtaining metallic aluminium, and ultimately he devised a method by which the metal could be prepared on a large scale by the aid of sodium, the manufacture of which he also developed.
1825) he devised a method for determining vapour densities at temperatures up to 1400° C., and, partly with F.
He first took up the subject about 1857, and it was in the course of his investigations on it that he devised the apparatus known as the " Deville hot and cold tube."
One of the most recent developments of algebra is the algebraic theory of number, which is devised with the view of removing these difficulties.
Ordinary algebra developed very gradually as a kind of shorthand, devised to abbreviate the discussion of arithmetical problems and the statement of arithmetical facts.
He improved the methods for solving equations, and devised geometrical constructions with the aid of the conic sections.
In Rowland's dividing engine the screws were prepared by a special process devised by him, and the resulting gratings, plane and concave, have supplied the means for much of the best modern optical work.
No method has yet been devised by which the molecular weight can be ascertained.'
A department of public health was formed within the precincts of the Local Government Board; government laboratories were established, and machinery was devised for the notification of infectious diseases.
The "Tom Thumb," as Cooper called the locomotive, was about the size of a modern hand-car; as the natural draft was far from sufficient, Cooper devised a blowing apparatus.
However, he succeeded in finishing and printing the Siècle de Louis XI V., while the Dictionnaire philosophique is said to have been devised and begun at Potsdam.
Absolute security is impossible, as is proved by the many and serious disasters under the most stringent laws and careful regulations that can be devised.
The attempt to secure Sari Bair thus failed, and the carefully devised scheme by which the invaders had hoped to establish themselves in a dominating position in the Anzac region at.
The carefully devised scheme of operations from which they had expected so much had come to naught in its most important features.
Although modern mercurial pumps have assumed a multiplicity of forms, their actions can be reduced to two principles, one statical, the other hydrodynamical - at the same time instruments have been devised utilizing both these principles.
A more complicated pump, but of much the same principle, was devised in 1784 by Joseph Baader, to be improved by C. F.
The pump devised by D FIG.
In the pump generally attributed to Topler, but which was previously devised by J.
A pump similar to Tdpler's construction was devised by Mendeleeff, and the original device has been much improved by Wiedemann, BesselHagen and others.
The first successful fractionation of coal-tar naphtha was devised by C. B.
An experiment was devised by Lord Kelvin for demonstrating this, in which the difference of steadiness was shown of a copper shell filled with liquid and spun gyroscopically, according as the shell was slightly oblate or prolate.
Subsequently all extraordinary refo Fiscalr expenditure was met by forced loans (prestanze), but the (1427),ms method of distribution aroused discontent among the lower classes, and in 1427 a general catasto or assessment of all the wealth of the citizens was formed, and measures were devised to distribute the obligations according to each man's capacity, sò as to avoid pressing too hardly on the poor.
Fischer has proposed formulae for the important disaccharoses, and in conjunction with Armstrong devised a method for determining how the molecule was built up, by forming the osone of the sugar and hydrolysing, whereupon the hexosone obtained indicates the aldose part of the molecule.
The railway system is well devised to meet the requirements of its rapidly increasing trade.
There is little doubt, however, that in the near future means will be devised to obtain the most efficient work from these minute organisms, either by special artificial cultivation and subsequent application to the soil, or by improved methods of encouraging their healthy growth and activity in the land where they already exist.
Here was enough to endow an army, if some means could be devised to permit its use.
Since that date other processes have been devised and the electrolytic processes have entirely replaced the older methods of reduction with sodium.
Many methods have been devised for the preparation of the amines, the first amine having been isolated in 1849 by A.
For the purpose of collecting the distillates in fractions, many forms of receivers have been devised.
Improved forms were devised by FIG.
Duff saw that, to reach these communities, educational must take the place of evangelizing methods, and he devised the policy of an educational mission.
Mill, while admitting the objections as good, if Comte's arrangement pretended to be the only one possible, still holds the arrangement as tenable for the purpose with which it was devised.
Yet the exigencies of traffic demand further extensions, and another large station was in 1909 in process of construction at the east end of the city, devised to receive the local traffic of lines running eastward, while a through station for the north to south traffic was projected on a site farther west of the central terminus.
Iwleanwhile an inquirer is confronted by the strange fact that of three neighboring countries between which frequent communication existed, one (China) never deviated from an ideographic script; another (Korea) invented an alphabet, and the third (Japan) devised a syllabary.
In the days of the great dilettante Yoshimasa (1449-1490), lacquer experts devised a new style, laka-makie, or decoration in relief, which immensely augmented the beauty of the ware, and constituted a feature altogether special to Japan.
These evidences of civilization did not make their appearance until the first great era of Japanese reform, the Taika period (645650), when stations were established along the principal highways, provision was made of post-horses, and a system of bells and checks was devised for distinguishing official carriers.
The jinrikisha was devised by a Japanese in 1870, and since then it has come into use throughout the whole of Asia eastward of the Suez Canal.
He was the first to employ mercury for the air-pump, and devised a method of determining longitude at sea by observations of the moon among the stars.
It was not till the autumn of 1894 that an efficient launching apparatus was devised, and then the wings were found not to be strong enough to bear the pressures to which they were subjected.
&c., where p+pq is the quantity whoseTi power or root is required, p the first term of that quantity, and q the quotient of the rest divided by p, m the power, which may be a positive or negative integer or a fraction, and a, b, c, &c., the several terms in order, In a second letter, dated the 24th of October 1676, to Oldenburg, Newton gave the train of reasoning by which he devised the theorem.
Hence if the galvanometer is calibrated by a potentiometer we can determine the value of this current in amperes, and knowing the value of n and V thus determine C. Various forms of commutator have been devised for effecting this charge and discharge rapidly by J.
Measurement of Capacity.-Numerous methods have been devised for the measurement of the electrical capacity of conductors in those cases in which it cannot be determined by calculation.
This most fundamental point was finally settled by a more delicate test, devised by Lord Kelvin, and carried out in conjunction with Joule (1854), which showed that the fundamental assumption W =H in isothermal expansion was very nearly true for permanent gases, and that F'(t) must therefore vary very nearly as J/T.
- William Thomson (Lord Kelvin), who wars the first to realize the importance of the absolute scale in thermodynamics, and the inadequacy of the test afforded by Boyle's law or by experiments on the constancy of the specific heat of gases, devised a more delicate and practical test, which he carried out successfully in conjunction with Joule.
This equation is practically identical for moderate pressures with that devised by Clausius (Phil.
Many other forms of pan-amalgamators have been devised.
They were not devised as a complete scheme of doctrine, but only as a guide in dealing with current errors of (i.) the Medievalists and (ii.) the Anabaptists.
He devised an approximate numerical solution of equations of the second and third degrees, wherein Leonardo of Pisa must have preceded him, but by a method every vestige of which is completely lost.
Many forms of vessels have been devised.
Many methods have been devised.
In 1826 Dumas devised a method suitable for substances of high boiling-point; this consisted in its essential point in vaporizing the substance in a flask made of suitable material, sealing it when full of vapour, and weighing.
In 1878 Victor Meyer devised his air-expulsion method.
To remedy drawback (I) Repsolds devised the form of printing micrometer which is shown in figs.
The older, devised by Hooke in 1667, is provided with valves above and below, both opening upward, through which the water passes freely during descent, but which are closed by some device on hauling up. The newer or slip water-bottle type consists of a cylinder allowed to drop on to a base-plate when a sample is tro be collected.
Mill in 1885 devised a self-locking arrangement by which the bottle once closed was automatically locked and rendered watertight; H.
In deep water the closing mechanism is usually actuated by a screw propeller which begins to work when the line is being hauled in and can be set so as to close the waterbottle in a very few fathoms. A small but heavy water-bottle has been devised by Martin Knudsen, provided with a pressure gauge or bathometer, by which samples may be collected from any moderate depth down to about roc fathoms, on board a vessel going at full speed.
The principle of the compensating brake devised by J.
The ten " Articles devised by the Kyng's Highnes.
The clergy were bidden to exhort their hearers to the " works of charity, mercy and faith, specially prescribed and commanded in Scripture, and not to repose their trust or affiance in any other works devised by men's phantasies beside Scripture; as in wandering to pilgrimages, offering of money, candles or tapers to images or relics, or kissing or licking the same, saying over a number of beads, not understood or minded on, or in such-like superstition."
It carries the war into the camp of the enemy by seeking to demonstrate that the completely determined action which is set over against freedom as the basis of explanation in the material world is merely a hypothesis which, while it serves sufficiently well the limited purpose for which it is devised, is incapable of verification in the ultimate constituents of physical nature.
Woolcard machinery destined to revolutionize the industry was devised by Amos Whittemore (1759-1828) in 1 797; spinning jennies were in operation under water-power before 1815.
If the interpretation of the Maya calculiform glyphs be trustworthy, these people had carried their numeral system into the hundreds of thousands and devised symbols for recording such high numbers.
The first filter which was more or less completely impermeable to bacteria was the Pasteur-Chamberland, which was devised in Pasteur's laboratory, and is made of dense biscuit porcelain.
Bunsen may be regarded as the originator of the second method, and it was he who devised the small cone of platinum foil, sometimes replaced by a cone of parchment perforated with pinholes, arranged at the apex of the funnel to serve as a support for the paper, which is apt to burst under the pressure differences.
A filtering arrangement devised by F.
No completely satisfactory methods have been devised for dealing with these cases.
The alphabet of the Sabaean inscriptions is most closely akin to the Ethiopic, but is purely consonantal, without the modifications in the consonantal forms which Ethiopic has devised to express vowels.
Methods of measuring the amplitude in sound waves in air have been devised and will be described later.
Various instruments have been devised which produce any desired note, and which are provided with methods of counting the frequency of vibration.
Greater accuracy may be attained with a revolving-drum chronograph first devised by Thomas Young (Lett.
A mode of exhibiting the ratio of the frequencies of two forks was devised by Jules Antoine Lissajous (1822-1880).
The kaleidophone devised by Charles Wheatstone in 1827 gives these figures in a simple way.
Koenig devised a clock in which a fork of frequency 64 takes the place of the pendulum (Wied.
We shall not attempt to deal with the theory here but shall describe only the beautiful mode of exhibiting the regions of vibration and of rest devised by E.
A modification of the above meter with some mechanical improvements has been devised by S.
In 1854 he turned his attention to solar physics, and for the purpose of obtaining a daily photographic representation of the state of the solar surface he devised the photo-heliograph, described in his report to the British Association, "On Celestial Photography in England" (1859), and in his Bakerian Lecture (Phil.
The liberum veto seems to have been originally devised to cut short interminable debates in times of acute crisis, but it was generally used either by highly placed criminals, anxious to avoid an inquiry into their misdeeds,' or by malcontents, desirous of embarrassing the executive.
- 1 or, as (88) and (90) may be written for small angles, (91) sin 20.=2C [I (V) - oS j, (92) sin 20 =2C [O S - I (v)] To simplify the work, so as to look out the value of sin 20 without the intermediate calculation of the remaining velocity v, a doubleentry table has been devised by Captain Braccialini Scipione =S (U) - S (u), = I (U) - I (u); mean angle (70), (Problemi del Tiro, Roma, 1883), and adapted to yd., ft., in.
He studied medicine at GÃ¶ttingen, 1 7771 7 80, attending at the same time Kaestner's mathematical course; and in 1779, while watching by the sick-bed of a fellow-student, he devised a method of calculating cometary orbits which made an epoch in the treatment of the subject, and is still extensively used.
Then, not having the means of directly extending the rule of France to the east or west, Clausel devised a system of protectorates.
The Clark cell is made in two forms, the board of trade or tubular form, and the H form of cell devised by Lord Rayleigh.
In a modification of the H form devised by F.
Electrolytic processes have also been devised.
Wattmeters of this kind have been devised by J.
In the case of the voltmeter method of measuring power devised by W.
He especially devoted himself to investigations of the radiation of heat from the sun and its absorption by the earth's atmosphere, and to that end devised various delicate methods and instruments, including his electric compensation pyrheliometer, invented in 1893, and apparatus for obtaining a photographic representation of the infra-red spectrum (1895).
To obviate this the cunning workman devised a circular table, turning on a pivot, with seats affixed, at which the guests sat the one half in turn within, the other without, the hall "man against man."
He also devised a method of applying a table of Hearn's form (i.e.
The plan was devised as a means of rivalling Anglo-Saxon supremacy, but was rejected through fear of the mixed races predominating over the whites.
The great drainage scheme which completed the works of the 17th century by taking out the surplus waters of the southern lakes of the valley of Mexico was devised in 1856, begun under Maximilian, proceeded with intermittently till 1885, then taken up with improved plans, practically completed by 1896, and inaugurated in 1900; 2 the harbour of Vera Cruz was finished in 1902; the Tehuantepec railway, likely to prove a formidable rival to any interoceanic canal, was opened on the 24th of January 1906.
Utilizing this principle many inventors have devised forms of electrostatic voltmeter.
Numerous forms of hot-wire or thermal voltmeter have been devised.
When the tenure of the religious colleges - formerly filled up by co-optation - was submitted to popular election, a change effected by a lex Domitia of 104 B.C., a new type of comitia was devised for this purpose.
In another department of physical chemistry he investigated the expansion of liquids with heat, and devised a formula for its expression similar to Gay-Lussac's law of the uniformity of the expansion of gases, while so far back as 1861 he anticipated T.
Many other processes have been devised.
Various processes involving the use of atmospheric nitrogen have been devised, but in most cases they do not yield good results.
The polar clock, devised for use in place of a sun-dial, applies the fact that the plane of polarization of sky light is always 90° from the position of the sun; hence by measuring the azimuthal angle of the plane, even when the sun is below the horizon, correct apparent solar time may be obtained.
He devised the "A, B, C" telegraph instrument, the automatic transmitter, by which messages may be sent at the rate of 500 words a minute, printing telegraph receivers of various forms, electrical chronoscopes, and many forms of electrical recording apparatus, - amongst others two sets of registering meteorological instruments, of which the earlier, described in 1842, was afterwards developed by Father A.
Although The Julian Method Of Intercalation Is Perhaps The Most Convenient That Could Be Adopted, Yet, As It Supposes The Year Too Long By Ii Minutes 14 Seconds, It Could Not Without Correction Very Long Answer The Purpose For Which It Was Devised, Namely, That Of Preserving Always The Same Interval Of Time Between The Commencement Of The Year And The Equinox.
This instrument was devised for the purpose of detecting counterfeit coin, especially guineas and half-guineas.
To this end an immense variety of hydrometers have been devised, differing mainly in the character of their scales.
For the testing of spirits in bulk no more convenient instrument has been devised, but where very small quantities are available more suitable laboratory methods must be adopted.
Rutherfurd devised one made of flint glass with two crown glass compensating prisms; whilst Thallon employed a hollow prism containing carbon bisulphide also compensated by flint glass prisms. In direct vision spectroscopes the refracting prisms and slit are in the observing telescope.
Amici in 1860 devised such an instrument; an improved form by Jannsen was made up of two flint and three crown prisms, and in Browning's form there are three flint and four crown.
His return to London on the 14th of February 1432 was celebrated with a great pageant devised by Lydgate.
From the above it will have been evident that, as Barlowe remarks concerning the compass, "the lame tale of one Flavius at Amelphus, in the kingdome of Naples, for to have devised it, is of very slender probabilitie"; and as regards the assertion of Dr Gilbert, of Colchester (De magnete, p. 4, 1600), that Marco Polo introduced the compass into Italy from the East in 1260, 1 we need only quote the words of Sir H.
With a boldness worthy of Julius II., he devised the most gigantic schemes for the annihilation of the Turkish Empire and the conquest of Egypt and Palestine.
The resolutions were devised to save the situation, in view of the impending loss of the temporalities.
He had, however, some years before, when he was a medical student, noticed the apparent regularity of successive swings of a pendulum, and devised an instrument for measuring, by means of a pendulum, such short periods of time as sufficed for testing the pulse of a patient.
convenient method devised by Vernon Harcourt, in which air charged with ammonia is passed over red-hot copper.
Glauber devised the process in common use to-day, viz.
It may be carried as a somatic character, when it will be visible in the body tissues, or it may be carried as a gametic character, and its presence can only then be detected in subsequent generations, by adequately devised breeding tests.
The ingenuity of Madame Grotius at length devised a mode of escape.
Chivalry in short is in morals very much what feudalism is in law: each substitutes purely personal obligations devised in the interests of an exclusive class, for the more homely duties of an honest man and a good citizen " (Norman Conquest, v.
Thus he distrusted, and probably never fully accepted, Gay-Lussac's conclusions as to the combining volumes of gases; he held peculiar and quite unfounded views about chlorine, even after its elementary character had been settled by Davy; he persisted in using the atomic weights he himself had adopted, even when they had been superseded by the more accurate determinations of other chemists; and he always objected to the chemical notation devised by J.
He next devised a plan for manufacturing pure alumina from the natural ores, and finally elaborated a process and plant which held the field for almost thirty years.
Tissier, formerly his assistants, who had devised an improved sodium furnace and had acquired a thorough knowledge of their leader's experiments, also left, and erected a factory at Amfreville, near Rouen, to work the cryolite process.
became clear that a more practical system must be devised and carried out.
During the Protectorate, in 1649, an ordinance was passed for " the promoting and propagating of the gospel of Jesus Christ in New England " by the erection of a corporation, to be called by the name of the President and Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in New England, to receive and dispose of moneys for the purpose, and a general collection was ordered to be made in all the parishes of England and Wales; and Cromwell himself devised a scheme for setting up a council for the Protestant religion, which should rival the Roman Propaganda, and consist of seven councillors and four secretaries for different provinces.'
By the prudent use of the knife, fruit trees may be readily trained into the forms indicated below, which are amongst the best out of the many which have been devised.
Peclet devised various modifications of Bennet's instrument (see S.
A simple and typical form of doubler, devised in 1831 by G.
He also devised an alternating current electrical machine in which the discharge balls were alternately positive and negative.
Lord Kelvin also devised an influence machine, commonly called a" mouse mill,"for electrifying the ink in connexion with his siphon recorder.
The pretty elaborate appliances, tongs or their equivalent, which would be needed to enable him to hold it conveniently while hot, could hardly have been devised till a very much later period; but then he may have been content to forge it inconveniently, because the great ease with which it mashes out when hot, perhaps pushed with a stout stick from the fire to a neighbouring flat stone, would compensate for much inconvenience.
The next important step seems to have been taken in the 4th century when some forgotten Watt devised valves for the bellows.
There he remained for thirteen years, and it was during this period that he devised his well-known method for determining vapour densities, and carried out his experiments on the dissociation of the halogens.
Max Elskamp (born at Antwerp in 1862) is the author of some volumes of religious poetry - Dominical (1892), Salutations, dont d'angeliques (1893), En symbole vers l'apostolat (1895) - for which he has devised as background an imaginary city.
The root idea arises from the analogy of the acts of human beings which are observed to have certain purposes: hence it was natural to assume that the whole sum of existence with its amazing complexity and its orderly progress can be explained only on the assumption of a similar plan devised by a conscious agent.
are two electrical methods which have been recently applied to the measurement of the conductivity of metals, (a) the resistance method, devised by Callendar, and applied by him, and also by R.
Duncan, the thermo-electric method, devised by Kohlrausch, and applied by W.
Since 1861 it has been carried on under the Italian government in a more scientific manner, on a system devised by G.
From profiting by robberies in which he had no share, Wild naturally came to arrange robberies himself, and he devised and controlled a huge organization, which plundered London and its approaches wholesale.
partly by new machinery devised to meet the new obligation imposed.
of the technically imperial fiefs, were divided and devised princes, by them at will like other forms of private property; they had nearly all the rights of a sovereign with regard to levying tolls, coining money, administering justice and granting privileges to towns; they were assisted in the work of government by a privy council, while their courts with their numerous officials began to resemble that of the king or emperor.
Another son of the first John Lowell, Francis Cabot Lowell (1775-1817), the founder in the United States of cotton manufacturing, was born in Newburyport on the 7th of April 1775, graduated at Harvard in 1793, became a merchant in Boston, and, during the war of 1812, with his cousin (who was also his brother-in-law), Patrick Tracy Jackson, made use of the knowledge of cotton-spinning gained by Lowell in England (whither he had gone for his health in 1810) and devised a power loom.
And Faraday devised some simple apparatus which conclusively demonstrated that the movements were due to unconscious muscular action.
Until means are devised for detecting aurora during bright sunshine, our knowledge as to the hour at which these causes are most frequently or most powerfully in operation must remain incomplete.
It had, moreover, by the compact with Hungary of 1867, ceased even fully to represent the relation of the emperor to all his dominions; and the title which had been devised to cover the whole of the Habsburg monarchy sank into the official style of the sovereign of but a half; while even within the Austrian empire proper it is resented by those peoples which, like the Bohemians, wish to obtain the same recognition of their national independence as was conceded to Hungary.
4 is that devised by Professor J.
This arrangement, as devised by Professor G.
The Galitzin seismograph, devised by Prince Galitzin, is of the same type, but it essentially differs from the Milne instrument in having its pendulum dead-beat; this is brought about by an electromagnetic device.
One of the securities devised for the benefit of the bend holders in the abortive scheme of May 1876 was retained in the Goschen-Joubert settlement, and being continued in later settlements grew to be one of the most important institutions in Egypt.
The system devised might have been justifiable as a check on a retrograde government, but was wholly inapplicable to a reforming government and a serious obstacle to the attainment of national prosperity.
The plan devised by the London Convention of fixing a limit to administrative expenditure was abolished.
It has devised a scheme, founded on that for the Latin Thesaurus of the Berlin Academy, which almost mechanically sorts the whole number of occurrences of every word in any text examined.
The unionist constitution, devised by Christian VIII., and pro mulgated by his successor, Frederick VII.
It might be mentioned here that the whole group of the Fungi (q.v.),with its many thousands of species, is now generally regarded as having been derived from algae, and the system of classification of fungi devised by Brefeld is based upon this belief.
The following table is an adaptation of a scheme devised by Klebs, and indicates the inter-relationships of the marked alternation of generations which of genera- b' dominates the life-history of the higher plants.
By an ingenious method devised by Engelmann, it may be shown that the greatest liberation of oxygen, and consequently the greatest assimilation of carbon, occurs in that region of the spectrum represented by the absorption bands.
Among engravings of the same time are three Madonnas, the apostles Thomas and Paul, a bagpiper and two peasants dancing, and three or four experiments in etching on plates of iron and zinc. In wood-engraving his energies were almost entirely given to bearing a part - which modern research has proved to have been not nearly so large as was traditionally supposed - in the great decorative schemes commanded by the Emperor Max in his own honour, and devised and carried out by a whole corps of men of letters and artists: namely, the Triumphal Gate ..and the Triumphal March or Procession.
The principle on which they are established may be briefly stated thus: towns with a minimum population of Boo can, on a poll demanded by the ratepayers showing a majority in favour of it, acquire the status of a police burgh subject to representations from neighbouring burghs, a proviso devised to check the growth of " parasitic " burghs in the immediate vicinity of a great centre of population and industry, enjoying all the public improvements initiated by their powerful neighbour and yet contributing nothing towards the cost and upkeep of them.
Numerous methods have been devised for the manufacture of oxygen.
The two carried out some of the earliest thermochemical investigations, devised apparatus for measuring linear and cubical expansions, and employed a modification of Joseph Black's ice calorimeter in a series of determinations of specific heats.
Admission to the higher magistracies carried with it admission to the senate, and by the close of the struggle (about 300 B.C.) the political privilege of the two orders was equalized, with the exception of certain disabilities which, originally devised to break the political monopoly of the order, continued to be attached to the patricians after the victory of the plebs.
In I S30 he was sent to Cambridge to procure the decision of the university as to the unlawfulness of marriage with a deceased brother's wife, in accordance with the new plan devised for settling the question without the pope's intervention.
- University examinations for degrees having ceased to be used as technical tests of teaching capacity, new examinations have been devised for this purpose.
Many forms of heliostats have been devised, the earliest having been described by Wilhelm Jacob s'Gravesande in the 3rd edition of his Physices elementa (1742).
Foucault invented in 1857 the polarizer which bears his name, and in the succeeding year devised a method of giving to the speculum of reflecting telescopes the form of a spheroid or a paraboloid of revolution.
The semiconventional open scroll-work of branches and fruit which wind around and frame each figure or group is devised with the most perfect taste and richness of fancy, while each minute part of this great piece of metal-work is finished with all the care that could have been bestowed on the smallest article of gold jewellery.
The apparatus which has been found most suitable for the purpose was devised by Professor H.
Many attempts were soon after made in the same direction, both in England and on the continent of Europe, the most remarkable of which was the ingenious combination of apparatus devised by J.
In short, from different standpoints, the three philosophical successions had devised systems which were in reality sceptical, though they had none of them recognized the sceptical inference.
For irrigation, native patience and ingenuity have devised means which compare not unfavourably with the colossal projects of government.
He also paid attention to hygrometry and devised a hygrometer in which a cooled metal surface is used for the deposition of moisture.
After much experiment he selected an alloy of tin and copper as the most suitable material for his specula, and he devised means for grinding and polishing them.
A third form of reflecting telescope was devised in 1672 by Cassegrain (Journal des Scavans, 1672).
But when much larger instruments are required the hour circle becomes inaccessible from the floor, and means have to be devised for reading both circles from the eyeend.
By a cleverly devised ruse he avoided General Colonna's force, which expected him on the.
A process devised by him for the manufacture of illuminating gas from turpentine and resin was in use in New York for a time.
75° S.), the party subsisting mainly on seal meat cooked over blubber lamps devised with much ingenuity.
While frequently associated with Marduk, and still more closely with the chief god of Assyria, the god Assur (who occupies in the north the position accorded to Marduk in the south), so much so as to be sometimes spoken of as Assur's consort - the lady or Belit par excellence - the belief that as the source of all life she stands apart never lost its hold upon the people and found an expression also in the system devised by the priests.
The astral theology of the Babylonian-Assyrian religion, while thus bearing the ear-marks of a system devised by the priests, succeeded in assimilating the beliefs which represented the earlier attempts to systematize the more popular aspects of the religion, and in this way a unification of diverse elements was secured that led to interpreting the contents and the form of the religion in terms of the astral-theological system.
2 illustrates a recent type of gas calorimeter devised by C. V.
Callendar Has, However, Devised A Continuous Method Of Mixture, Which Appears To Be Peculiarly Adapted To The Purpose, And Promises To Give More Certain Results.
In support of his theory he devised an ingenious system of recording the convicts' daily industry by marks, which on reaching a given total would entitle them to their release.
Of course there is in most cases the alternative of a fine, the non-payment of which entails the imprisonment; yet a penalty imposed on the pocket is so clearly the proper retribution for such misdeeds that better methods should be devised for the collection of fines.
Numerous methods have been devised for the separation of nickel and cobalt, the more important of which are: -the cobaltinitrite method by which the cobalt is precipitated in the presence of acetic acid by means of potassium nitrite (the alkaline earth metals must not be present); the cyanide method (J.
Elaborate legal machinery was devised, though its provisions were constantly violated by the imperial will and the gross corruption of officials.
To meet the problem here raised, the theory has been devised of an earlier and a later version.
They had devised canons for the investigation of the concrete problems of this, but had either ignored altogether the need to give an account of the mirroring mind, or, in the alternative had been, with some naïveté, content to assume that their nominalist friends, consistently their allies in the long struggle with traditionalism, had adequately supplied or could adequately supply the need.
Franklin in 1747 and 1748 made numerous investigations on the Leyden jar, and devised a method of charging jars in series as well as in parallel.
In metallurgy he devised improved methods for the manufacture of zinc and the purification of silver, tin and other metals.
For the innumerable conventions, to which Great Britain is a party, as to commerce, consular jurisdiction, fisheries and the slave trade, it must suffice to refer to the exhaustive and skilfully devised index to vols.
his assassination seems to voice his appreciation of the change in popular sentiment regarding the tariff laws of the United States and is the more remarkable as coming from the foremost champion for years of a form of tariff legislation devised to stifle international competition.
The alphabet devised by the Egyptians consisted of twenty-four letters.
Both Umbrian and Oscan devised two new symbols.
Another type of sensitive electroscope is one devised by C. T.
This rigorous limitation of the meaning of the word is of comparatively recent origin, and it is perhaps to be regretted that some more technical term has not been devised, but the convention must now be regarded as established.
On account of its practical importance several other graphical solutions of this problem have been devised.
If E be the point in which the line of the string meets AB, we have pjCP, pz=EP. Many contrivances for actually drawing the resulting curves have been devised.
Trans., 1894) investigated the question for the cases of loaded and unloaded shafts, and, owing to the complication arising from the application of the general theory to the cases of loaded shafts, devised empirical formulae for the critical speeds of shafts loaded with heavy pulleys, based generally upon the following assumption, which is stated for the case of a shaft carrying one pulley: If Ni, N1 be the separate speeds of whirl of the shaft and pulley on the assumption that the effect of one is neglected when that of the other is under consideration, then the resulting speed of whirl due to both causes combined may be taken to be of the form N1N2~!
The acceleration of a second point, usually taken at the centre of the crosshead pin, can be found by the principles of 82, but several special geometrical constructions have been devised for this purpose, notably the construction of Klein,i discovered also independently by Kirsch.i But probably the most convenient is the construction due to G.
The book in short forms so good a prologue to the action of the war that we can hardly be wrong in attributing it to the genius which devised the rest of the Iliad.
Into 1 Devised originally for the clergy of Chrodegang's cathedral, it was largely an adaptation of St Benedict's rule to secular clergy living in common.
In connexion with the principal object of this cult, Tantric theory has devised an elaborate system of female figures representing either special forms and personifications or attendants of the "Great Goddess."
The apparatus he employed was devised by the Rev. John Michell, though he had the most important parts reconstructed to his own designs; it depended on measuring the attraction exercised on a horizontal bar, suspended by a vertical wire and bearing a small lead ball at each end, by two large masses of lead.
von Helmholtz devised a tangent galvanometer with two coils.
Later, in conjunction with Prof. Fleeming Jenkin, he devised his automatic curb sender, an appliance for sending signals by means of punched telegraphic paper tape.
Of these machines, originally called magneto-electric machines, one of the first was devised in 1832 by H.
Experimental methods were devised for the further exact measurements of the electromagnetic velocity and numerous determinations of the dielectric constants of various solids, liquids and gases, and comparisons of these with the corresponding optical refractive indices were conducted.
Edison, with copious ingenuity, devised electric meters, electric mains, lamp fittings and generators complete for the purpose.
Meanwhile the early continuous current dynamos devised by Gramme, Siemens and others had been vastly improved in scientific principle and practical construction by the labours of Siemens, J.
Hertz then devised a wave detecting apparatus called a resonator.
Branly of Paris devised an appliance for detecting these waves which subsequently proved to be of immense importance.
Lodge devised a similar arrangement called a coherer, and E.
Philosophy must be taught its true purpose, and for this purpose a new method must be devised.
What the other judges thought is not definitely known, but Bacon appears to have been unable to put in operation the plan he had devised for swaying Coke's judgment,' or if he did attempt it, he was unsuccessful, for Coke finally gave an opinion consistent with what he seems to have held at first, that the book was not treasonable, as it did not disable the king's title.
Such was the method devised by Bacon, and to which he ascribed the qualities of absolute certainty and mechanical simplicity.
Progress in scientific discovery is made mainly, if not solely, by the employment of hypothesis, and for that no code of rules can be laid down such as Bacon had devised.
Hippolyte Marinoni (1823-1904), of Paris, also devised a machine on a somewhat similar principle, making the impression and type cylinders of one size and placing them one over the other.
A vast literary apparatus was devised for their protection.
The tribal poets were supposed to have " seen " the heavenly originals; elaborate arguments were devised to explain how the names of particular objects like rivers and mountains could have existed in the Eternal; while the grounds of belief in the infallibility of the sacred verses were enforced with the double weight of philosophy and tradition.
He next devised a sign alphabet for the use of one hand only, and in 1749 he brought his second pupil before the Paris Academy of Sciences, the members of which were astonished at the results he had accomplished.
The only practical mode of doing this, as yet devised, is by lining the converter with a silicious mixture.
1728) was not completed, owing to wars and the general distress, until 1754; while a restoration carried out in 1901 included many ornamental details devised by the architect, and executed at the expense of King Oscar II.
By his will, made in 1852, with a codicil dated February 1859, his property, with the exception of some small bequests, was devised to the above-mentioned institution at Berlin.
A form of attracted disk absolute electrometer was devised by A.
A similar electric balance was subsequently devised by SirW.Snow-Harris,' one of whose instruments is shown in fig.
A vast improvement in this instrument was made by the invention of the quadrant electrometer by Lord Kelvin, which is the most sensitive form of electrometer yet devised.
It originated in the small " Scania " party in the Upper House, and was devised to establish a modus vivendi between the conflicting parties, i.e.
Upon this, in fact, depends the whole future of the industry, since it is not probable that any system of artificial breeding can be devised which will render it possible to keep up a supply without at least occasional recourse to seed oysters produced under natural conditions.
A police system has been devised for the purpose of preventing evils and providing benefits.
had created a ministry of the interior, but it was Nicholas who devised the second branch, which he designed for his own protection and the security of the state.
de Belgique, xxxvii., 1873) devised a great number of beautiful illustrations 1 See Enrico Betti, Teoria della Capillarita: Nuovo Cimento (1867); a memoir by M.
de Chimie et de Physique, 1866-1868) applied the principles of thermodynamics to capillary phenomena, and the experiments of his son Paul were exceedingly ingenious and well devised, tracing the influence of surfacetension in a great number of very different circumstances, and deducing from independent methods the numerical value of the surface-tension.
He too died without an heir in 1544 at the siege of St Dizier, having devised all his titles and possessions to his first cousin William, the eldest son of William, count of Nassau-Dillenburg, who was the younger brother of Rene's father, and had inherited the German possessions of the family.
For this purpose various methods have been devised, the most important being the plate-method of Koch.
To demonstrate readily its action on various substances, certain media have been devised.
Many of the earlier methods of attenuation were devised in the case of the anthrax bacillus, an organism which is, however, somewhat exceptional as regards the relative stability of its virulence.
Metchnikoff and Bordet subsequently devised means by which a similar change could be produced in vitro, and analysed the conditions necessary for its occurrence.
While serving in this capacity he devised a plan for disposing of the public lands upon favourable terms to actual settlers, and also assisted in the division of the North-west Territory.
= 29.166 grammes) has been devised, which bears the same relation to the ton of 2000 lb avoirdupois that one milligram does to the troy ounce; when one assay ton of ore is used, each milligram of gold or silver found represents one ounce to the ton.
About the same time he devised and constructed the first electromagnetic engine with automatic polechanger (Sill.
To eliminate these impurities, electrolytic methods have been devised; of these that of Moebius is the most important and will be described in detail.
Other systems have been devised.
His first memoir on the theory of magnetism, Intensitas vis magneticae terrestris ad mensuram absolutam revocata, was published in 1833, and he shortly afterwards proceeded, in conjunction with Wilhelm Weber, to invent new apparatus for observing the earth's magnetism and its changes; the instruments devised by them were the declination instrument and the bifilar magnetometer.
A peculiar feature of the canal was a system of inclined planes or railways on which there were cradles, carrying the canal boat up (or down) the incline; these were devised by Professor James Renwick (1818-1895) of Columbia College; 12 of them in the eastern division raised boats altogether about 720 ft., and II of them in the western division lowered the boats about 690 ft.
The commercial element usually contains a certain amount of sulphur, and some tellurium, and various methods have been devised for its purification.
The master lost no time in proceeding to the execution of his design upon the mural surface; this time he had devised a technical method of which, after a preliminary trial in the Sala del Papa, he regarded the success as certain; the colours, whether tempera or other remains in doubt, were to be laid on a specially prepared ground, and then both colours and ground made secure upon the wall by the application of heat.
The ideal is equality, and no measure of a minimum of subsistence can really be devised.
Where, therefore, there is animal pollution of any kind, more especially where there is human pollution, generally indicated by the presence of bacillus coli communis, purification is of supreme importance, and no process has yet been devised which, except at extravagant cost, supersedes for public supplies that of properly-conducted sand filtration.
Various other arrangements of friction brakes have been devised to give a resistance proportional to the load.
New styles were devised to express this new relation; thus the abbot of Monte Cassino was called abbas abbatum, while the chiefs of other orders had the titles abbas generalis, or magister or minister generalis.
A rite was devised, called exhomologesis, by which, after a fresh term of repentance, marked by austerities more strict than any Trappist monk imposes on himself to-day, the persons lapsed from grace could re-enter the church.
For the measurement of low resistances a modification of the Wheatstone's bridge devised by Lord Kelvin is employed.
Modifications of the ordinary Wheatstone's bridge for very accurate measurements have been devised by H.
For his ministers, bureaucrats of an orderly frame of mind, devised for their own convenience rules and customs which became permanent, and could be cited against those later kings who interfered more actively in the details of domestic governance.
Later additions to the statute were devised to terrorize the laborer, by adding stripes and branding to his punishment, if he still remained recalcitrant or absconded.
In these circumstances, the Irish contended that the relief which the act of 1870 had afforded should be extended, and that, till such legislation could be devised, a temporary measure should be passed giving the tenant compensation for disturbance.
We may be sure that neither he nor Burke would have devised any government for India which they did not honestly believe to be for the advantage both of that country and of England.
A convenient form of measuring vessel is that devised by W Hempel.
The final solution of the question of enrichment of gas by hydrocarbons derived from tar may be arrived at by a process which prevents the formation of part of the tar during the carbonization of the coal, or by the process devised by C. B.
"Instead of these you will have a horde of selfish and obscure mediocrities, incapable of anything but mischief, and that mischief devised and regulated by the raging demagogue of the hour."
It may be obtained synthetically by Fittig and Tollens's method (above); by Friedel and Craft's process, devised in 1877, of acting with aluminium chloride on a mixture of benzene and methyl chloride; this reaction leads to the production of higher homologues which may, however, break down under the continued action of the aluminium chloride; or by heating the toluene carboxylic acids obtained by oxidizing the higher homologues of benzene.
The estate, originally called "Little Hunting Creek Plantation," was devised in 1676 by John Washington (the first of the family in America) to his son, Lawrence, who in turn devised it to his daughter, Mildred, by whom (and her husband Roger Gregory) it was deeded in 1726 to her brother Augustine (George Washington's father).
At General Washington's death (1799) Mount Vernon passed to his widow; at her death (1802) it passed to his nephew, Bushrod Washington, and at Bushrod Washington's death (1829) to his nephew John Augustine Washington, who devised it in 1832 to his widow, by whom it was devised in 1835 to their son John A.
Tertiary alcohols may be synthesized by a method devised by A.
In this case, the problem can be attacked only by methods of approximation, devised so as to meet the special conditions of each case.
This work contains a clear and excellent resume of the methods which have been devised by the leading investigators from the time of Lagrange until the present, and thus forms the most encyclopaedic treatise to which the student can refer.
The first mathematical theory of celestial appearances was devised by Eudoxus of Cnidus (4 08 -355 B.C.).
No more congruous arrangement could have been devised than the inheritance by Johann Kepler of the wealth of materials amassed by Tycho Brahe.
Euler devised in 1753 a new method, that of the " variation of parameters," for their investigation, and applied it to unravel some of the earth's irregularities in a memoir crowned by the French Academy in 1756; while in 1757, Clairault estimated the masses of the moon and Venus by their respective disturbing effects upon terrestrial movements.
Hale devised on the same principle the " spectroheliograph," an instrument by which the sun's disk can be photographed in calcium-light by imparting a rapid movement to its image relatively to the sensitive plate; and the method has proved in many ways fruitful.
Sir Isaac Newton devised the following mechanical construction.
P. Langley devised his bolometer, which was a much more sensitive instrument than the thermopile, he, in conjunction with F.
Sometimes these myths are probably later than the Veda, mere explanations of ritual incidents devised by the priests.
But in such cases the organic matter can be first destroyed by one of the various methods, usually the moist method devised by Fresenius being chosen.
On Fort Johnson, on James Island in Charleston harbour, he raised what is said to have been the first American battle-flag - blue, with a white crescent in the dexter corner, inscribed with the word "Liberty"; the flag was devised by him in September 1775.
Not more convincing is a second experiment devised by Fresnel.
This is effected in polarizing prisms of the earlier type, devised by A.
This method, on which he laid great stress, and for the facilitation of which he invented a binocular glass, and devised some skilful mechanical contrivances, was offered by him in 1616 to the Spanish government, and afterwards to that of Tuscany, but in each case unsuccessfully; and the close of his life was occupied with prolonged but fruitless negotiations on the same subject with the states-general of Holland.
(From Cheshire's Bees and Bee-keeping, Scientific and Practical.) Huber's hive was defective in many respects; the parting of each frame, thus letting loose the whole colony, caused much trouble at times, but it remained the only movable-comb hive till 1838, when Dr Dzierzon - whose theory of parthenogenesis has made his name famous - devised a box-hive with a loose top-bar on which the bees built their combs and a movable side or door, by means of which the frames could be lifted out for inspection.
One of the best-known hives in England is that known as the W.B.C. hive, devised in 1890 by W.
(From Cheshire's Bees and Bee-keeping, Scientific and Practical.) placed the resources of his enormous factory at his disposal), devised and perfected machinery - driven by motor power - for manufacturing foundation by what is known as the " Weed " process.
26) devised by T.
He devised a mechanical construction for two mean proportionals, reproduced by Pappus and Eutocius (Comm.
He also devised a method of great value in the quantitative analysis of organic substances for the estimation of nitrogen, while the classification, of organic compounds into homologous series was advanced as one consequence of his researches into the acids generated by the oxidation of the alcohols.
Here, too, we find various systems devised, in part representing the views of different schools, in part reflecting advancing conceptions regarding the functions of the organs in man and animals.
Similar methods were devised by Sir Isaac Newton and Colin Maclaurin.
A second stereoscopic eyepiece was devised by A.
As a convenient method of expressing the arrangement of the parts of the flower, floral formulae have been devised.
Though the form of the biretta, devised in the 17th century, is peculiar to the Roman Church, it is but a variant of the original biretum, which developed in various countries into head-coverings of different shapes and significance.
Numerous forms of hydraulic presses have been devised.
A form of government similar to the Watauga Association was devised, and block-houses were built for defence against the Indians.
By utilizing the telescope with prism-inversion, devised in 1851 by Ignazio Porro (1795-1875), A.
Riddell (1807-1867) devised his binocular microscope, which contained the essentials of Wheatstone's pseudoscope.
In another form devised by Callendar," a revolving contact disk is placed on the shaft of an alternator, or of a synchronous motor driven by the alternating current under test.
An instrument devised by E.
2 A commutator method has also been devised by T.
A form of thermal oscillograph has been devised by J.
Braun devised a form of cathode ray tube, consisting of a vacuum tube having a narrow tubular portion and a bulbous end.
He also carried on extensive researches in the theory of magnetism; and it is interesting that in connexion with his observations in terrestrial magnetism he not only employed an early form of mirror galvanometer, but also, about 1833, devised a system of electromagnetic telegraphy, by which a distance of some 9000 ft.
He felt you suspected him and devised a plot with Czerno to torture â€¦ Her voice caught at the images replaying through her mind.
For revenge, Archimedes devised a fiendish computational problem that involved truly immense numbers.
It was devised by Chris Walshaw, and one of the best places to start learning about ABC is my abc tutorial page.
On his return, the king devised yet one more trap for him, laying an ambush, with picked men of Lycia.
It seems to me that the Revenue has devised a kind of reverse tax arbitrage here, with the taxpayer as the victim.
All the tricks have been especially devised to be original Mind-Blowing effects, creating maximum astonishment.
You are a world-class athlete playing the toughest sport ever devised.
spicy lamb burgers with yogurt dip These were devised by Simon Owens, who works with Jeanette Orrey in the training kitchen.
He also toured Denmark, appeared in Greece and devised a program about the 18th century castrato Farinelli which he performed with James Bowman.
Coal was in short supply and people devised other means of keeping warm, overloading electrical circuits and causing the occasional black out.
Here's a real clincher to the line about voting machines being the safest, most secure form of voting ever devised.
Darius, with six other conspirators devised a way to break into the closed palace.
In the early years, ingenious contraptions were devised, like the trolley seen here in use during work on the long groin.
criticisekage allows teachers to create self devised worksheets which steers away from commercially produced sheets often criticized by inspectors.
The blame for the massive cutbacks lies with the Deputy Prime Minister's office, which has devised new criteria to award grants.
It will simply discourage owners from selling, and the badly devised levy will make land still dearer.
A very delicate blade devised for very delicate work.
The system was devised to bring up the Princess entirely dependent on her mother.
devised a plan to bring some of the bunnies to our home.
devised the new method of pressure on the Moslems.
devised a means.
devised whereby ten loads could be hauled up in one go.
devised which found ways to include the disabled child.
devised that would draw back the waiting periods.
devised to cope with the attendant growth.
devised to assist new wheelchair users learn how best to cope with their new means of locomotion.
devised to facilitate improved communication.
devised to overcome this problem of particle activity.
devised to enable comparisons to be made between computer systems.
devised to suit individual client needs.
Is this true, or is it a cunningly devised fable?
More than just a succession of songs, this specially devised concert takes the form of a journey through time.
The above rights may be exercised in all media and formats whether now known or hereafter devised.
The project was originally devised by the City of London Police for the capital's financial sector.
devised in collaboration with fourth year students of the BA (Contemporary Theater Practice) Course who are specializing in Performance Honors at RSAMD.
envisaged outcomes Preparation and Support The system was devised and refined over the summer of 2004.
There is a risk that partnerships will prove ephemeral if they are devised in response to a particular funding regime.
This is the most ambitious, and possibly the most exciting, trekking peak expedition we have yet devised.
experiments devised by their vivisectors.
exterminate the human race they devised the ultimate plan, they would reshape the Future by changing the Past.
Bankers, men of a more positive nature, devised a specious fable.
The organic rules as devised by Europe, and you, seem to be designed for mixed farms and not for permanent pasture farms.
To calculate the cost of an annuity de Witt devised a formula based on a hypothetical group of 768 lives.
This society secured the services of Sir Humphry Davy, who devised the wire gauze safety lamp.
gunnery target range was devised to enable the planes based at Turnberry to practice on moving targets.
The 19 th century hangman William Marwood devised a method called ' the long drop ' that killed prisoners quickly by breaking their necks.
What really astounds me, tho, is the apparently willful ignorance and short-sightedness of the various experiments devised by their vivisectors.
Each of the five magic notes provokes a different emotion and each will be accompanied by imagery, all devised by the youngsters themselves.
For Superbase, Simon & Tom devised a simpler method of working, which is quite ingenious - they write the file backward!
He devised a particularly ingenious explanation for why systems tend toward equilibrium.
Chu has devised an atom interferometer based on this cooling process.
The scientists who devised the ARPANET had no intention to make possible that seemingly irresistible force for globalization, the World Wide Web.
Devised by the Zen Nippon kendo Renmei, this features use of the bokuto to learn basic shinai kendo techniques.
Many ley hunters probably do not know that Watkins devised his own points system for ley hunters probably do not know that Watkins devised his own points system for ley markers.
At first it seemed to be impossible, but I soon devised a means.
He suggested that the names had been devised lest the Martyrs of Eigg should go nameless.
Researchers have already devised relatively noninvasive means of extracting such brain cells from patients.
All of the recipes have been devised by a leading nutritionist.
Two techniques, active optics and adaptive optics has been devised to overcome these.
Even more complicated integrated atom optics devices and networks, similar to integrated circuits for electrons, can be devised.
This includes some playwriting, improvisation skills, text based work and devised work.
Order Fresh Start The Fresh Start Complete quitters support program has been devised to support the quitter through the first 12 weeks of quitting.
quiz devised by Whitby Civic Society is available from the Tourist Information Office in Whitby.
He devised thousands of innovative chess rebus puzzles and mathematics puzzles, rebus puzzles and his rebuses rank among his most popular brain-teasers.
Cognitive remediation is a technology devised for this purpose.
Wittgenstein as showing how to dissolve philosophical problems without any of the conceptual rubric devised by later commentators.
slaye religious book they devised became universal, their enemies were all slain.
slot machinesin devised some of by renowned las.
The group received a commendation award for Teddy Takes a Tumble, a colorful storybook devised by students at Skelmersdale and Ormskirk College.
various stratagems had been devised to conceal the withdrawals from the Ottoman Army.
So far a scientifically valid approach to testing the quality of thatching straw or reed has not been devised.
sublimate this urge by the solving of artificial puzzles devised for our entertainment.
The AGA group has devised a psychometric questionnaire, which can be accessed through a micro site designed by interactive agency syzygy.
unfocused approach to foreign policy leads to, and is often devised in pursuit of, media grand-standing.
We have devised a simple but smart uniform which is less expensive than most other forms of clothing.
I have devised a new work ethic: " When will I be coming into work?
Numerous methods for reducing the workload of data access have been devised.
world-class athlete playing the toughest sport ever devised.
Many methods have been devised for the separation of these metals (see Platinum), one of the best being that of H.
Pure Cultivation of Yeasts.-The methods which were first adopted by Hansen for obtaining pure cultures of yeast were similar in principle to one devised by J.
Such, in brief, are the methods devised by that brilliant investigator Hansen; and these methods have not only been the basis on which our modern knowledge of the Saccharomycetes is founded, but are the only means of attack which the present-day observer has at his disposal.
The water-screw which he invented (see below) was probably devised in Egypt for the purpose of irrigating fields.
The best-known apparatus for the purpose is that devised by Ebert.
61) devised a measuring machine which combines the rapidity of the glass-scale micrometer with the accuracy of the spiderline micrometer and simplifies the reductions of the observations at the same time.
The office was no longer coveted, and documents of the 3rd and 4th centuries show that means were devised to compel members of the towns to undertake it.
This system, devised and introduced by Colbert in I68I~ has continued, with various modifications, ever since.
After studying at Marburg under Hermann Kolbe and at Heidelberg under Robert Bunsen, he came to England in 1862 and obtained a position in a chemical works at Widnes, where he elaborated the practical application of a method he had devised for recovering the sulphur lost as calcium sulphide in the black ash waste of the Leblanc alkali process.
Meanwhile a sort of makeshift was devised, and the Imperial parliament passed a measure permitting the formation of a federal council, to which any colony that felt inclined to join could send delegates.
In any case, since the Eastern origin of the Etruscans is now generally admitted, we may temporarily, at least, accept the conclusion that hepatoscopy as a method of divination owes its survival in advanced forms of culture to the elaborate system devised in the course of centuries by the Babylonian priests, and to the influence, direct and indirect, exerted by this system in the ancient world.
The benefice was inalienable, could not be sold, pledged, exchanged, sublet, devised or diminished.
The Wheatstone instrument in the form devised by Stroh is still largely used in the British Postal Telegraph Department.
The " multiplex " system devised by Patrick B.
The most successful apparatus of this kind is that devised by Wheatstone; others were devised by Siemens and Halske, Gartner, Humaston, Siemens, and Little.
A successful apparatus for effecting this was devised by Cowper and was known as the writing telegraph.
The Korn telephotographic apparatus is based on the principle of an apparatus devised by Shelford Bidwell in 1881 for the electrical transmission of pictures to a distance, in which use was made of the change in electrical resistance which selenium undergoes when acted upon by light.
The special form of curb sender mentioned, termed the " Interpolator," has been devised so as to secure the correct re-transmission of any given number of consecutive elements of a letter which are of the same sign, for when signals are received at the end of a long cable the relay arm will not return to its zero position between consecutive elements of the same sign, but will remain on the respective contact surface during the whole time occupied by such consecutive elements.
A very ingenious call-bell arrangement was devised, capable of responding only to regularly reversed battery currents, but not 1 See Fahie, History of Wireless Telegraphy, p. 170; also 5th Report (1897) of the Royal Commission on Electrical Communication with Lightships and Lighthouses.
He also devised a " call " or arrangement for actuating an ordinary electric bell by the accumulated effect of the properly tuned inductive impulses falling on the secondary circuit.
Fleming devised an arrangement in which a multiple transformation takes place, two oscillation circuits being interlinked inductively, and the last one acting inductively on the open or antenna circuit.
Stone similarly devised a multiple inductive oscillation circuit with the object of forcing on the antenna circuit a single oscillation of definite frequency.'
Fleming devised a method which has practical advantages in both preventing the arc and permitting the oscillatory currents to be controlled so as to make electric wave signals.
Lodge, Muirhead and Robinson also devised a self-restoring coherer as follows: 3 - A small steel wheel with a sharp edge was kept rotating by clockwork so that its edge continually cut through a globule of mercury covered with paraffin oil.
Other forms of magnetic detector have been devised by J.
Such receivers were devised by R.
Another form of thermoelectric receiver has been devised by J.
Fleming, but the arrangements were subsequently altered and improved by Marconi, one of the most important additions being a form of high-speed rotating disk discharger devised by Marconi by which he was able to immensely increase the speed of signalling.
Bellini and Tosi, who have devised instruments, called radiogonimeters, for projecting radiation in required directions and locating the azimuth of a transmitting station.
A method of producing these oscillations devised by Valdemar Poulsen is based upon the employment of what is called a musical arc. W.
Forms of open circuit wave meter have been devised by Slaby and by Fleming.
Closed circuit wave meters have been also devised by J.
Threefundamental common battery transmissionsystemshavebeen devised and are shown in figs.
Many genera and families are separated by purely artificial characters, mere shelfand-bottle groupings devised for the convenience of the museum curator and the collector.
But the pregnant suggestions of these writers remained practically unnoticed and forgotten, until the theory was independently devised and promulgated by Charles Robert Darwin and Alfred Russell Wallace in 1858, and the effect of its publication was immediate and profound.
Various methods have been devised for the quantitative determination of phenol.
In 1821 he began to employ the method of observation by reflection; and in 1825 he devised means (see Mem.
In that year Robert Livingston Stevens (1787-1856), devised for the Camden & Amboy railway a rail similar as to its top to those in use in England, but having a flat base or foot by which it was secured to the sleepers by hook-headed spikes, without chairs (fig.
It was found, naturally, that the rails would not rest in their chairs at the joints, but were loosened and bruised at the ends by the blows of the traffic. The fish-joint was therefore devised in 1847 by W.
The book appeared in 1494 with woodcuts said to have been devised and perhaps partly executed by Brant himself.
The instruments which he devised for these investigations were simple and convenient, but could not have been thought of for the purpose except by a man whose knowledge was co-extensive with his ingenuity.
An exceedingly ingenious, but highly artificial, theory had been devised by W.
For substances consisting of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen, a rule was early devised for the purpose of roughly calculating their heat of combustion (J.
At the foot of the slope on this side, forming the eastern boundary of the palace, are massive supporting walls and a bastion with descending flights of steps, and a waterchannel devised with extraordinary hydraulic science (Evans, " Palace of Knossos," " Reports of Excavations 1900-1905," in Annual of British School at Athens, vi.
The Valentine Museum is in a house on Eleventh and Clay Streets, in which Aaron Burr was entertained while he was on trial, and which with $50,000 and his collections was devised to a board of trustees in 1892 by Mann S.
The theoretical basis upon which this formula was devised (the corpuscular theory) was shattered early in the 19th century, and in its place there arose the modern wave theory which theoretically invalidates Newton's formula.
It is on a transversal cylindrical (rectangular) projection devised by Jacques Cassini (d.
substance is present in solution to be removed pari passu with the dissolution of zinc. The mechanism of such systems is well illustrated by an experiment devised by W.
New vestments were devised to take the place, on less solemn occasions, of those hallowed by association with the holy sacrifice; thus the processional cope (q.v.) appeared in the 11th century and the surplice (q.v.) in the 12th.
1825) he devised a method for determining vapour densities at temperatures up to 1400Ã‚° C., and, partly with F.
However, he succeeded in finishing and printing the SiÃ¨cle de Louis XI V., while the Dictionnaire philosophique is said to have been devised and begun at Potsdam.
The earliest mercurial pump, devised by Swedenborg and described in his Miscellanea observata circa yes naturales (1722), was statical in action, consisting essentially in replacing the solid piston of the mechanical pump by a column of mercury, which by being alternately raised and lowered gradually exhausted a vessel.
For example Raps in 1893 described an automatic arrangement to be used in connexion with a Tdpler pump; whilst in 1893 Schulze-Berge devised a rotary form.
In casting a thin hollow object like a bell, it will be seen that the resultant upward thrust on the mould may be many times greater than the weight of metal; many a curious experiment has been devised to illustrate this property and classed as a hydrostatic paradox (Boyle, Hydrostatical Paradoxes, 1666).
Subsequently all extraordinary refo Fiscalr expenditure was met by forced loans (prestanze), but the (1427),ms method of distribution aroused discontent among the lower classes, and in 1427 a general catasto or assessment of all the wealth of the citizens was formed, and measures were devised to distribute the obligations according to each man's capacity, sÃ² as to avoid pressing too hardly on the poor.
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