How to use Developmental in a sentence
The behavior is a normal developmental phase for children.
It might be possible to prove the origin of all classes from Pelmatozoa, without thereby explaining the origin of such fundamental features as radial symmetry, the developmental metamorphosis, and the torsion that affects both gut and body-cavities during that process; but the acceptance of a Dipleurula as the common ancestor necessitates an explanation of these features.
They thus provide a useful adjunct to cDNA libraries in giving access to a large number of genes independent of developmental stage.
What is the relationship between developmental verbal dyspraxia and childhood apraxia of speech?
The " jewel in the crown " of the developmental work was the involvement of lay assessors.Advertisement
These species are widely used model organisms in developmental biology.
Falling pistils mark the end of the developmental cycle of the individual pistillate calyx.
Profiles or developmental checklists may help with this process of identifying strengths and goals for future learning when Portage visits begin.
Cognitive constructivism refers to the developmental stages identified by Piaget that children pass through as they construct meaning based on their experiences.
Up to now, evolutionary developmental biology, in its search for conserved molecular factors, has mainly focussed on this compositional aspect.Advertisement
There is good evidence that too high calcium intake may results in skeletal developmental problems, which may include hip dysplasia.
Auxins control a number of developmental processes in plants, including cell elongation, the formation of vascular tissue and meristem organization.
Mothers tended to decrease their verbal encouragement with their one-year-old boys at a critical developmental stage of receptive language skills.
The institute for Stem Cell Research is a multidisciplinary research institute focused on the molecular, cellular and developmental biology of stem cells.
Last year I had the opportunity to work with a Russian developmental psychologist who uses Brain Gym and educational kinesiology.Advertisement
It is associated with a variety of developmental disorders, including joint laxity, patella alta and hypoplasia of the lateral femoral condyle.
The course will highlight those developmental pathways which carry greater risk for emotional distress, interpersonal maladaptation, and psychopathology.
David completely agrees with the concept that appraisal must be developmental and formative, not managerial and punitive.
In particular, it targets children with developmental disabilities including mental retardation, autism, cerebral palsy, learning difficulties and epilepsy.
Children with cerebral palsy may be slow in reaching normal developmental milestones.Advertisement
PhD projects are available for students interested in studying morphogenesis in cell culture or in a developmental context in the fly.
Speakers Dr. Richard Adams (Physiology, Development and Neuroscience) Toward a quantitative description of developmental morphogenesis.
His research has been in immunology, cell biology, and developmental neurobiology.
First, the Division needs to extend its initiative in Developmental Biology into cellular neurobiology, with particular emphasis on stem cell research.
It is interested in candidates working in the area of cellular, developmental, genetic, or systems neurobiology.Advertisement
The field of developmental neuroscience is far less well developed.
The dissertation is an empirical research project in the area of developmental psychopathology or developmental psychology that is carried out throughout the year.
Advance the concept of an EQ, an evolutionary developmental quotient, and things get really squirrelly.
Developmental synaesthesia is present from birth and may occur individually or in families.
This will include worksheets that allow practitioners to include systemic, attachment and developmental issues.
Some phthalates are known to be reproductive and developmental toxicants, or are known to disrupt the endocrine system.
Manhattan Baby Manhattan Baby's research-proven developmental features and engaging designs are inherent in 11 new baby products, toddler and infant toys.
Rhabditis nigrovenosa has a developmental history which is entirely anomalous, passing through two sexual generations which regularly alternate.
The alternative, which is here accepted, is that differentiation is essentially the expression of a developmental tendency inherent in the protoplasm of plants.
The " Pneumatic " Gospel comes thus specially to emphasize certain central historical facts; and, the most explicitly institutional and sacramental of the four, to proclaim the most universalistic and developmental of all Biblical sayings.
The juvenile or developmental " retriever cataracts " can be diagnosed at six to eighteen months of age.
Initial results suggest a clear developmental sequence on the flows that have not been disturbed by tephra deposition.
We focus on infants, children and adults and chart developmental trajectories.
Mice missing the tyrosinase gene have been found to have developmental eye defects similar to those seen in human patients.
Agility counts, and a smaller developmental team can adjust and iterate faster than a large one.
They have their own developmental and play-based needs, so search for toys that will stimulate and engage your toddler, while providing him or her with hours of fun.
Newborn babies require special care that is distinct from that of further developmental stages.
A good pediatrician can help to quell the fears of new parents, but he can also spot any developmental or physiological problems early on, which can often lead to more effective treatment.
Those babies who don't catch-up at various periods during the first three years typically continue to show developmental delays and other medical problems.
Most premature babies will go through the same developmental stages as full-term babies.
An easy way to keep up with developmental expectations is to subtract the number of weeks that your baby was born early from his current age.
Have you ever noticed how parents love to compare their children's developmental milestones?
You should already be taking your baby to well-child visits, and your doctor should be examining your baby to make sure she is meeting her developmental milestones.
Much depends on your infant's age and developmental stage.
The old adage "just let the baby cry itself to sleep" is not necessarily what today's developmental specialists believe is best for your baby.
Educate yourself on the appropriate care, safety and developmental baby milestones so that you are not overwhelmed by worry.
While your child will still go through the same developmental process as that of a full term baby, he or she will probably be delayed somewhat in achieving those milestones.
If you have any concerns regarding your baby's developmental progress, please contact your pediatrician immediately.
However, your adopted child may face medical issues like developmental delays, lead poisoning, infectious diseases, and intestinal parasites.
Just as you make mistakes when learning any developmental skill (such as learning to walk or use a spoon/fork), children will have accidents and make mistakes.
If your child is regularly not reaching other developmental milestones and not showing any readiness signs for toilet-training by age three, it might be a good idea to check in with your pediatrician.
Cerebral palsy in infants generally means that many developmental milestones are delayed.
While your pediatrician will certainly examine your child at each well-child visit, you may pick up on developmental delays before he does.
New parents sometimes hesitate to point out their child's failure to meet certain developmental steps, such as rolling over, crawling, walking, and even talking.
Motor skills assessment-Your doctor will look at your child's muscle tone, posture, and any physical developmental issues.
Intelligence testing-IQ tests may be ordered to determine if a child is developmental delayed mentally.
It is up to parents and other caregivers to use these and any other videos or television shows wisely, choosing content that enriches a child's learning experiences and encourages developmental growth.
Infant developmental milestones are an important way to ensure that a baby is developing at an average pace.
The following are some of the most common infant developmental milestones for which physicians and parents will be on the lookout.
Doesn't require reading ability or other skills far beyond a toddler's developmental range.
A 1974 study in Developmental Psychobiology found that the kittens and cats in their study group all had a repertoire of vocalizations for particular circumstances.
In many cases, this leads to learning disabilities and developmental delays.
It is believed, however, that biological, developmental, genetic and sociocultural factors all probably play some role.
While still in high school, he trained with the Olympic cycling developmental team.
Master's programs are available in developmental, sports, clinical, social, experimental, cognitive, organizational, and other main divisions of psychology.
Since she was bred across a five day period, there could be a significant difference in the developmental age between any resulting pups.
According to the Novartis website, Interceptor® has been tested on over 70 breeds of dogs in all developmental stages of life.
Skilled companion teams are trained to help both children and adults with physical, cognitive or developmental disabilities.
People with neurological conditions, a pervasive developmental disorder, mental illness or intellectual disabilities are among the handlers placed with this type of service dog.
This could lead to severe developmental issues, not only physically but cognitively as well.
The game industry is ripe with stories about EA, and certainly it's gone through its eras and developmental stages.
Say what you like, though, EA is certainly consistent, and they know how to pick developmental talent so their key franchises never fall into disrepair.
The following timeline discussion highlights some of the developmental milestones of vision development in a child's first year.
Genetic predisposition, environmental causes, and individual developmental problems are responsible for most childhood cancer.
Affected children have marked developmental and motor delays in the form of cerebral palsy and mental retardation may also be present.
Developmental delays, dementia, and muscle weakness may also result.
Cultural norms within the family also affect a child's likelihood to achieve particular developmental milestones.
Parenting style is shaped by the parent's developmental history, education, and personality; the child's behavior; and the immediate and broader context of the parent's life.
In general, alternative schools have more comprehensive educational and developmental objectives than conventional schools.
Asperger syndrome-A developmental disorder of childhood characterized by autistic behavior but without the same difficulties acquiring language that children with autism have.
An inability to play with or lack of interest in toys at an early age may indicate a developmental problem in such areas as gross and fine motor skills.
The onset of anorexia in adolescence is attributed to a developmental crisis caused by girls' changing bodies coupled with society's overemphasis on female appearance.
That is why over 160 bereavement centers have opened across the United States to help children mourn in ways that are appropriate to their age and developmental stage.
Understanding a child's developmental stages helps parents, teachers, and caregivers provide appropriate responses and support for the child.
Because children of this developmental stage do not fully understand the concept of death, they may blame themselves, thinking that if only they had been good enough, their loved one would not have died.
Many children will also revert to a previous developmental stage.
They seek the security of the earlier developmental stage.
If they are not, parents should consult their doctor if they feel their child has any neurological or vision complications or is not meeting appropriate developmental milestones.
Oocyst-A developmental stage of certain parasitic organisms, including those responsible for malaria and toxoplasmosis, in which the zygote of the organism is enclosed in a cyst.
Lying is considered by most child development specialists to be a natural developmental occurrence in childhood.
Close observation and familiarity with the child, as well as an understanding of their developmental stage, are critical to the diagnosis of problem lying.
After a child has missed several developmental milestones, the pediatrician may refer the child to a specialist for diagnosis.
Developmental delays that are typical include delay in sitting or walking.
Williams syndrome cannot be cured, but the ensuing symptoms, developmental delays, learning problems, and behaviors can be treated.
This type of therapy, sometimes referred to as play therapy, is useful in children who may not have the developmental capacity or language skills to express the thoughts and feelings behind their depression.
Mental retardation is a developmental disability that first appears in children under the age of 18.
In general, mentally retarded children reach developmental milestones such as walking and talking much later than the general population.
Children who are mentally retarded reach developmental milestones significantly later than expected, if at all.
Mentally retarded children lag behind their peers in developmental milestones such as smiling, sitting up, walking, and talking.
In addition, all children should undergo routine developmental screening as part of their pediatric care.
Developmental delay-The failure of a child to meet certain developmental milestones, such as sitting, walking, and talking, at the average age.
Developmental delay may indicate a problem in development of the central nervous system.
He or she may conduct a developmental assessment which will determine any delays the child has and to what extent the delay is present.
In a developmental assessment, the physical therapist assesses the ability and quality of the child's use of legs, arms, and complete body by observing the display of specific gross motor skills as well as observing the child in play.
Children with mild hypotonia may not experience developmental delay, although some children acquire gross motor skills (sitting, walking, running, jumping) more slowly than most.
Adaptive behavior scales are evaluation tools designed to help care providers improve their assessments of the abilities and needs of infants and children who have disabilities or are at risk for developmental delays.
The DP-II behavior scale is used to screen for developmental delays and compare a child's development to that of other children who are in the same age group.
The test also contains items designed to identify young children at risk for developmental delay.
Children with developmental disabilities or who become handicapped through accident or illness often need special assistance at home and at school.
The VABS assessment provides the information required for the diagnosis or evaluation of a wide range of disabilities, including mental retardation, developmental delays, functional skills impairment, and speech/language impairment.
Autism-A developmental disability that appears early in life, in which normal brain development is disrupted and social and communication skills are retarded, sometimes severely.
Parental involvement in the developmental assessment of their children is very important.
Fenton, G., et al. "Vineland adaptive behavior profiles in children with autism and moderate to severe developmental delay."
A 30-year longitudinal research project studied over 4,000 people born within a single week in 1946 in order to document any unusual developmental patterns observed in those children who later became schizophrenic.
Working with the child's school teachers to formulate a day-to-day schedule can help maintain consistency for the child and address specific developmental delays.
A key developmental task of adolescence is the formation of an identity or sense of the kind of person one is and the kind of person one wants to be.
In addition, peer rejection can escalate in a negative developmental spiral.
When assessing the possible factors contributing to a child's social difficulties and when planning remedial interventions, it is important to understand developmental processes associated with social competence and peer relations.
The key markers of social competence listed in the previous section are consistent across the developmental periods of the preschool years, middle childhood, and adolescence.
Across these developmental periods, prosocial skills (friendly, cooperative, helpful behaviors) and self-control skills (anger management, negotiation skills, problem-solving skills) are key facets of social competence.
In addition, however, developmental changes occur in the structure and quality of peer interactions that affect the complexity of skills contributing to social competence.
As preschool children are just learning to coordinate their social behavior, their interactions are often short and marked by frequent squabbles, and friendships are less stable than at later developmental stages.
The establishment of close, best friendships is an important developmental milestone.
Other symptoms can include, delay in reaching developmental milestones, mental retardation, rapid head growth, and slowed growth of the rest of the body.
It seems to be a sign of developmental immaturity, and it subsides as the baby grows older.
Even though most children with congenital cardiovascular defects do not have any mental limitations, some children with congenital cardiovascular defects have developmental delays or other learning difficulties.
Separation anxiety disorder sometimes occurs in conjunction with other psychiatric disorders, such as pervasive developmental disorder, schizophrenia, other anxiety or panic disorders, and major depression.
His research found five moral orientations, regardless of culture, social group, or developmental stage.
Their concepts also mirror cognitive and moral developmental stages.
Under normal developmental conditions, these neonatal reflexes represent important reactions of the nervous system and are only observable within a specific period of time over the first few months of life.
Antisocial behavior is frequently accompanied by other behavioral and developmental problems such as hyperactivity, depression, learning disabilities, and impulsivity.
Early detection and appropriate intervention, particularly during the preschool years and middleschool years, is the best means of interrupting the developmental trajectory of antisocial behavior patterns.
Children with Menkes disease have characteristic kinky hair, seizures, developmental failures, and progressive degeneration of the brain.
Menkes disease may be diagnosed by the unusual appearance of the hair, skin, and facial features in male infants with the disorder as well as by their developmental problems.
Specific language impairment (SLI) is also sometimes called childhood dysphasia, or developmental language disorder.
Rather, developmental problems before birth, usually unknown and generally undiagnosable, are largely responsible.
Children normally progress through a predictable set of developmental milestones through the first 18 months of life.
Evaluations by a pediatric developmental specialist and a geneticist may be of benefit.
Many cities have support groups that can be located through the United Cerebral Palsy Association, and most large medical centers have special multidisciplinary clinics for children with developmental disorders.
Of these babies, 11,600 were born deaf; 3,580 were born blind; and 1,800 suffered severe developmental delay.
The second category includes those teens who are more at-risk because while they are maintaining stability in physical, developmental, and emotional status, they are also drinking and driving.
Other symptoms include seizures, developmental delay, behavior problems, and skin problems.
Although a small functional bladder capacity may be caused by a developmental delay, it may also be that the child's habit of voiding frequently slows bladder development.
Children's drawings are visual representations made with crayons, markers, or pencils that are generated for pleasure but can also be used for therapeutic purposes or developmental assessment.
They can also be used for developmental and therapeutic assessment.
It should be noted that because a child does not seem to go beyond a specific developmental stage, it does not mean that the child has a cognitive or developmental problem.
Early childhood education consists of activities and/or experiences that are intended to affect developmental changes in children prior to their entry into elementary school.
It is estimated that as many as 50 percent of office visits to pediatricians have to do with developmental problems in children that are affecting their families.
However parents should be aware of the normal developmental milestones of speech and language development.
It is not a developmental disorder because their ability to talk, when they choose to do so, is appropriate for their age level.
Delays in achieving developmental milestones such as rolling over, crawling, walking, and talking may become apparent in infancy.
Individuals with developmental delay or birth defects may be referred to a clinical geneticist for genetic testing or to a developmental pediatrician or neurologist for evaluation and diagnosis of FAS.
Children reach developmental milestones at different rates.
People with developmental coordination disorder may also have a hard time completing tasks that involve movement of muscle groups in sequence.
It is thought that up to 6 percent of children may have developmental coordination disorder, according to the 2002 issue of the annual journal Clinical Reference Systems.
Children with any one or combination of developmental coordination disorder symptoms should be seen by a pediatrician who specializes in motor skills development delays.
This picture is complicated still further by the interaction of possible physical abnormalities with a number of environmental and developmental factors known to increase the risk of SIDS.
Young children often experience developmental regressions in toilet training or other areas.
Mentally retarded children lag behind their peers in developmental milestones such as sitting up, smiling, walking, and talking.
An infant or child up to age five who is not developing new fine motor skills for that age may have a developmental disability.
Developmental coordination disorder is a disorder of motor skills.
The Beery-Buktenica Test, also known as VMI or Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration, is designed for individuals two years of age through adult.
The Stanford-Binet intelligence scale is used as a tool in school placement, in determining the presence of a learning disability or a developmental delay, and in tracking intellectual development.
In general, developmental delay, mental retardation, and vision and hearing impairment are common in those who have these disorders.
Less than 1 percent of the non-autistic population, including those with mental retardation and other developmental disorders, have savant syndrome.
The underlying disorders that usually accompany savant syndrome need to be treated, and it is believed that making use of the special talent of the child with savant syndrome may help treat the child's underlying developmental disorders.
If the condition progresses, the undernourished child may become irritable and/or apathetic and may not reach typical developmental markers such as sitting up, walking, and talking at the usual ages.
Some cases may lead to significant developmental delays in children.
The degree of abnormality must be gauged within the context of the child's age and developmental level.
Maturation delay, also called developmental language delay, is one of the most common types of language delay.
Speech/language delay is the most common developmental disorder in children aged three to 16 years, affecting approximately 3 to 10 percent of children.
Language delay is usually more severe than other developmental delays in retarded children, and it is often the first noticeable symptom of mental retardation.
Children who are not talking at all by the age of two should have a complete developmental assessment.
Diagnosis of language delay requires a complete physical examination and a thorough developmental history, with special attention to language milestones.
In young children it may be very difficult to distinguish between a late talker and a developmental expressive disorder.
Generalized delay in all developmental milestones suggests mental retardation.
The Denver Developmental Screening Test is the most popular test in clinical use for children from birth to six years of age.
Since language delay is the most common early symptom of global intellectual impairment, the test provides a comprehensive developmental assessment.
Expressive aphasia-A developmental disorder in which a child has lower-than-normal proficiency in vocabulary, production of complex sentences, and word recall, although language comprehension is normal.
Receptive aphasia-A developmental disorder in which a child has difficulty comprehending spoken and written language.
At certain developmental stages children believe they can fly or disappear.
Play-based assessment-A form of developmental assessment that involves observation of how a child plays alone, with peers, or with parents or other familiar caregivers, in free play or in special games.
Those who survive physically unscathed may suffer developmental and emotional problems.
Typically, abused children show developmental delays by preschool age.
Individuals with this condition have developmental delay, variable levels of mental retardation, and behavioral and emotional difficulties.
However, any child with signs of developmental delay of speech, language, or motor development with no known cause should be considered for fragile X testing, especially if there is a family history of the condition.
Behavioral and developmental problems may indicate fragile X syndrome, particularly if there is a family history of mental retardation.
These children require long-term treatment for both the physical and developmental difficulties they face.
Affected individuals have mild hemoglobin H disease, mild-to-moderate mental retardation, and characteristic facial features, as well as various other developmental processes that mimic hemoglobin H disease.
If untreated, beta thalassemia major can lead to severe lethargy, paleness, and growth and developmental delay.
Parents should contact their doctors if they suspect any developmental delays, especially if the parents belong to one of the ethnic groups at higher risk for the disease.
For those infants who survive to delivery, there seems to be an increased risk of developmental problems and physical effects, particularly heart and genital malformations.
Physical therapy, speech therapy, and other types of developmental therapy help the child reach his or her potential.
Lisping is, therefore, sometimes called a developmental phonetic disorder.
Children can have a functional speech disorder as well as a developmental phonological disorder.
Most lisps are developmental and resolve themselves in children by the time they are about five to eight years old.
Also known as cryptorchidism, undescended testes is a congenital condition characterized by testicles that do not follow the normal developmental pattern of moving into the scrotum before birth.
Parents need to learn about their infant's developmental progress to use appropriate childproofing measures.
Developmental milestone-The age at which an infant or toddler normally develops a particular skill.
The term pervasive developmental disorders was first used in the 1980s to describe a class of neurological disorders that involved impaired social and communication skills and repetitive behaviors.
Childhood disintegrative disorder is extremely rare, relative to the other pervasive developmental disorders.
Rett's syndrome is the rarest of the pervasive developmental disorders.
While genetics is believed to play a primary role, some children in families with a history of pervasive developmental disorders do not have a disorder.
Autopsy studies of individuals with pervasive developmental disorders have shown that brain cell structure is different, particularly in the brain stem area.
In addition, because many individuals with pervasive developmental disorders are also affected by seizures, "electrical miswiring" of the brain may also contribute to these disorders.
Symptoms of pervasive developmental disorders may be visible as early as infancy; however, the typical age of onset is age three.
Parents should see a physician as soon as they notice developmental problems or delays in their infant or child.
Pervasive developmental disorders are diagnosed using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), which provides criteria for physicians to diagnose the specific type.
Diagnosis of a pervasive developmental disorder is difficult because there is no specific medical test, like a blood test or imaging test that can confirm the diagnosis.
Some physicians may hesitate to diagnose very young children with a specific type of pervasive developmental disorder.
Diagnosis of these disorders usually requires consultation and assessment by a specialist in childhood developmental disorders, such as a child psychiatrist, pediatric neurologist, neuropsychologist, or developmental child psychologist.
Once a pervasive developmental disorder is diagnosed, the diagnosis must be narrowed to one of the five types, which is achieved by using pre-established DSM criteria that outline the key differences among the types.
Alternative treatments for pervasive developmental disorders focus on nutrition.
Because some children with pervasive developmental disorders have food sensitivities or food allergies, allergy testing and subsequent dietary modification may help.
Pervasive developmental disorders are not life-threatening and do not affect normal life expectancy.
However, because of their impaired communication and social skills, about 70 percent of individuals with a pervasive developmental disorder are never able to live on their own.
Pervasive developmental disorders are caused by a complex interaction of genetics, neurological factors, and environmental factors.
The majority of children with a pervasive developmental disorder will require special education services.
Parenting children with pervasive developmental disorders is difficult and emotionally demanding.
Lennox-Gastaut syndrome-A severe form of epilepsy that is characterized by the onset in early childhood of frequent seizures of multiple types and by developmental delay.
Infants and toddlers are typically excluded from this diagnosis since mouthing objects is a normal developmental behavior at that age.
Early detection of and intervention for hearing impairments are crucial for preventing or minimizing developmental and educational delays.
Development tests are tools that are used to help measure a child's developmental progress from infancy through adolescence.
However, development tests may help to discriminate between normal variations in development among children and early signs of a developmental problem.
About 16 percent of children have some form of developmental difficulty or delay, and more than 500,000 American children are assessed for early-intervention programs every year.
Developmental screening tests usually are brief, general, play-based tests of skills.
Screenings include tests administered to the child by an educator or healthcare professional and questionnaires for parents or childcare providers that inquire about developmental milestones.
Rather it may indicate that a child should be referred for developmental assessment or evaluation.
Developmental evaluations are lengthy, in-depth assessments of a child's skills.
They provide a profile of a child's strengths and weaknesses in all developmental areas and may be used to determine if the child is in need of an early-intervention and/or treatment program.
Some tests use developmental ages to describe a child's physical, perceptual, social, and emotional maturity.
These tests often are administered by a development assessment specialist, a developmental pediatrician, or an early-childhood special educator.
Developmental psychologist Nancy Bayley authored the Bayley Scales of Infant Development in the mid-twentieth century.
Developmental milestones are widely used tests for development in infants and children of all ages.
Children who are slow to reach developmental milestones in one area may be ahead of their age in other areas.
Sometimes developmental milestones are used as part of an assessment method known as minimum adequate surveillance that combines simple testing with the collection of relevant data.
The Denver Developmental Screening Test (DDST) is a widely-used test of motor, language, speech, and interpersonal skills for children from birth to six years of age.
Developmental screenings may over- or under-identify children with developmental delays.
Children reach developmental milestones on their individual schedules and at their own pace.
Some children completely skip developmental milestones such as rolling over or crawling.
Normative tests or milestone scales should not be the major basis for the developmental assessment of infants and young children.
Developmental assessment-The ongoing process of testing, observing, and analyzing a child's skills.
Five days per week with half-day preschool classrooms offer various developmental correct educational actions.
Developmental screening and assessment are provided for the students.
This condition has been in the early 2000s been termed developmental hip dysplasia, because it often develops over the first few weeks, months, or years of life.
Research has shown that the risks of massaging preterm infants are minimal and that infants benefit from improved developmental scores, more rapid weight gain, and earlier discharge from the hospital.
The timing and progression of the sleep cycle and the total amount of nightly sleep required for optimal health varies from infancy to adulthood, depending on developmental stage and temperament.
Developmental changes throughout childhood bring differences in the sleep-wake cycle and in the type and frequency of parasomnias that may interrupt sleep.
The BSID are used to describe the current developmental functioning of infants and to assist in diagnosis and treatment planning for infants with developmental delays or disabilities.
Within the history of developmental psychology, the work of Jean Piaget (1896-1980), the Swiss psychologist, has had the greatest impact on the study of cognitive development.
The test contains items designed to identify young children at risk for developmental delay.
As of 2004 it was recognized that parental involvement in the developmental assessment of their children is very important.
In cases of developmental problems, parents should bear in mind that the scoring and interpretation of the test results is a highly technical matter that requires years of training and experience.
Experts in child development agree that all babies develop skills for spoken and written language according to a specific developmental schedule, regardless of which language the child is exposed to.
They are a developmental process and not typically a result of mental or physical illness.
Children with Edwards' syndrome will exhibit severe developmental delays, but with early intervention through special education and therapy programs, they can attain some developmental milestones.
The 5-10 percent of children who survive their first year have severe developmental disabilities.
Children born with symptoms have a greater risk of developmental delay than children born without symptoms.
In addition, certain neuropsychological measures may be used to screen children for developmental delays and/or learning disabilities.
Language delay is the most common developmental delay in children.
Autism is a complex developmental disability with symptoms that typically appear during the first three years of childhood and continue throughout life.
An accurate diagnosis must be based on observation of the individual's communication, behavior, and developmental level.
Pervasive developmental disorder-A category of childhood disorder that includes Asperger syndrome and Rett's disorder.
Special attention is paid to whether the baby has met normal developmental milestones.
The physician will question parents or guardians about the activities of the baby to help assess developmental issues that are not observable by an office visit.
The two-month visit will be a repeat of the two week visit with a physical exam, developmental and behavioral assessment, guidance for upcoming developmental changes, and immunizations.
The four-month exam proceeds in the same manner as the previous two-a physical exam, developmental and behavioral assessment with questions about what has been observed at home, and more immunizations.
Developmental assessment is commonly done by questioning.
The parent may have more questions relating to physical changes or developmental changes, because the baby is now on the verge of toddlerhood.
The typical physical exam and developmental evaluation will be performed and guidance on future development will be given.
Concerns of many parents revolve around developmental delays and what could be done to assist advancement through these milestones.
In some cases abnormalities may arise during prenatal development that cause physical malformations or developmental delays or affect various parts of the body after the child is born.
In other cases, a mother's illness may cause congenital malformations; an example is rubella, which can cause heart defects, deafness, developmental delays, and other problems in a fetus if the mother contracts it during pregnancy.
Other disabilities or deficits in the child's developing physical and cognitive abilities may be identified by teacher and parent observation or revealed by academic or developmental tests.
Treatment consists of supportive care and developmental therapy.
Dream researchers have observed a developmental progression in the content and frequency of children's nightmares.
Sleep researchers and developmental psychologists generally agree that nightmares first occur in children from 18 months to two years of age.
Nightmares are common throughout childhood, changing somewhat in content and frequency as children move through different developmental phases and acquire more skills to cope with the changing realities and stresses in their lives.
Parents or caretakers should take into account the age and developmental maturity of their child when responding to the fears and anxieties that a nightmare brings to the surface.
Nightmares are part of the normal developmental process that literally provide a "wake-up" call to both parent and child to pay attention to strong feelings and problems that may require some resolution.
Sturge-Weber also is characterized by neurological abnormalities including seizures, weakness on one side of the body, developmental delay, and glaucoma (increased pressure within the eye).
Because infants on ECMO may have been struggling with low oxygen levels before treatment, they may be at higher risk for developmental problems.
Of those who survive, many have developmental delays and impaired intellectual functioning.
Many have developmental delays and impaired intellectual functioning in addition to the physical limitations often caused by the accompanying spina bifida.
Dyslexia is also referred to as developmental reading disorder (DRD).
Angelman's syndrome is a relatively rare genetic disorder that causes a variety of neurological problems, including developmental delay, seizures, speech impairment, and problems with movement and balance.
By six to 12 months, developmental delay is usually noted.
A developmental delay is any significant lag in a child's physical, cognitive, behavioral, emotional, or social development, in comparison with norms.
Developmental delay refers to when a child's development lags behind established normal ranges for his or her age.
At least 8 percent of all children from birth to six years have developmental problems and delays in one or more areas of development.
Some have global delays, which means they lag in all developmental areas.
Infants who have medical problems at birth have an increased chance of developmental difficulties.
Highrisk infants should be in a follow-up program to track their progress because of an increased likelihood of developmental problems that may appear gradually in the first years of life.
Therefore, any child who is not speaking words or sentences by the third birthday may be developmental delayed.
Children with developmental delays may tend to be more reserved and less adventuresome.
For the child who is not progressing in language skills, developmental delays are readily identifiable.
Although there are several areas of developmental areas, this article is restricted to global delay, delay in speech and language, motor and fine motor delays, and personal and social developmental delays.
Speech and language developmental delays are often prevalent in children with developmental disabilities.
Expressive language delay is the most common developmental presentation.
Pervasive developmental disorder is two to three times more common than autism but less severe.
Children with a specific learning disability, like children with severe mental retardation or autism, may present with dissociation in developmental skills.
Children whose primary difficulty involves receptive language are more likely to have developmental cognitive disability or autism spectrum disorder.
In developmental language disorder, impaired language cannot be attributed to a neurological or general medical condition.
Children with developmental language disorder have an inconsistency between their cognitive functioning (nonverbal or performance measures) and their language skills.
Different patterns of language impairment in developmental language disorders have distinct profiles of linguistic strengths and weaknesses.
Developmental dysphasia may be the problem with some of these children.
There are many reasons for a developmental language disorder, which occurs in about 10 percent of the population.
By evaluating a child's developmental profile, a doctor may develop a differential diagnosis.
When a motor delay exists with delays in other developmental areas, the child should be examined for visual impairment or mental handicap.
Older children with poor motor skills may have a developmental coordination disorder in which their motor skills are substantially below their cognitive abilities.
The child's developmental assessment should include the quality of the pregnancy, including the onset and vitality of fetal movements and problems during labor and delivery.
If there is a delay in fine-motor adaptive development combined with delays in other developmental domains, the doctor will consider whether the child is visually impaired or mentally handicapped.
If the delay occurs mainly in one developmental area, the child may have hemiplegia, a brachial plexus injury, such as Erb's or Klumple's palsy, or a broken clavicle.
In older preschool or elementary school children with fine-motor delays, developmental coordination disorder or a disorder of written expression may be causal.
When a child presents with personal and social delays, the doctor will consider whether the child has developmental cognitive disability, has autism, or is living in an environment of abuse, neglect, or deprivation.
Many doctors routinely include developmental screening in physical examinations.
Child development specialist-A professional who is trained in infant and toddler development and in the tools used to identify developmental delays and disabilities.
In 2003, a team of Finnish researchers reported finding a candidate gene for developmental dyslexia on human chromosome 15q21.
Nopola-Hemmi, et al. "A Candidate Gene for Developmental Dyslexia Encodes a Nuclear Tetratricopeptide Repeat Domain Protein Dynamically Regulated in Brain."
These developmental problems usually happen between one and five years of age.
Developmental factors such as pubertal timing, self-esteem, and peer affiliation may also increase their risk of exposure to STDs.
Counseling strategies to prevent and reduce the risk of STDs should be conducted in a confidential and nonjudgmental manner that is both developmental and culturally appropriate for the adolescent.
This process is stimulated by the hormones produced by the testes and ovaries, which provide the developmental signal that the linear growth of the long bones should reach completion or full development.
Suspecting that inherent individual differences among their young patients contributed to their developmental paths, two child psychiatrists, Alexander Thomas and Stella Chess, designed a study that challenged the nature-nurture dichotomy.
Kagan's observations of these children over time indicated that these characteristic profiles tended to continue, although the display of temperamental tendencies varied in accordance with the child's developmental level.
The specific problem behavior(s) cannot be attributed to the child's developmental stage (such as "the terrible twos").
In his pioneering work on child behavior, the American developmental psychologist Arnold Gesell claimed that infants as young as four weeks display signs of handedness and that right-handedness is clearly established by age one.
The Beery-Buktenica Test, also known as Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration or VMI, is designed to identify deficits in visual perception, fine motor skills, and hand-eye coordination.
It is common for children to experience some developmental regression in response to being hospitalized, either during the experience or after they come home.
Nearly all children with hydrocephalus will face some social, developmental and learning challenges.
In addition to developmental issues, many children with hydrocephalus require medical care.
The pediatrician can make an initial evaluation of the child's developmental maturity compared to other children in his or her age group.
Characteristics of the syndrome include developmental delays, poor muscle tone, short stature, small hands and feet, incomplete sexual development, and unique facial features.
Developmental milestones, such as crawling, walking and talking occur later than usual.
Developmental delay continues into adulthood for approximately 50 percent of individuals with PWS.