All I know is that he gets defensive when I mention Uncle Fabrice.
Every time the subject of your father came up, you got defensive and I backed off because I was afraid of losing you.
"I did it as a defensive measure," Cynthia said.
Some of his innate defensive powers remained, or she would've turned him to stone or the Other would've vaporized him.
He emerged from his defensive position, pausing near her.
I got some ideas and I have a few feelers out, Fred answered, a defensive tone in his voice.
His senses tingled, and he dwelled on how his defensive powers almost seemed to work when nothing else did.
When Antigonus Gonatas threatened to restore Macedonian power in Greece, the Athenians, supported perhaps by the king of Egypt, formed a large defensive coalition; but in the ensuing " Chremonidean War " (266-263) a naval defeat off Andros led to their surrender and the imposition of a Macedonian garrison.
There are really no blows to be given by him but defensive ones.
Admitting the view of Barclay and others that a defensive battle at Fili was impossible, but imbued with Russian patriotism and the love of Moscow, he proposed to move troops from the right to the left flank during the night and attack the French right flank the following day.
Austria also concluded offensive and defensive alliancqs with Sardinia Tuscany and Naples; and Metternichs ambition was to make Austrian predominance over Italy still more absolute, by placing an Austrian archduke on the Sardinian throne.
Within this area Great Britain has exclusive jurisdiction, and is represented by a commissioner under the colonial office; and has, besides, the right to erect fortifications, station troops and take any other measures necessary for defensive purposes at any points on or near the coast in that part of the peninsula east of 121 0 40' E.
Humans should not feel threatened in any way by this, and yet it still makes some people defensive and uncomfortable.
While Scotland and England were preparing for the " First Bishops' War," Henderson drew up two papers, entitled respectively The Remonstrance of the Nobility and Instructions for Defensive Arms. The first of these documents he published himself; the second was published against his wish by John Corbet (1603-1641), a deposed minister.
In his adoption of a purely defensive policy at the beginning of the Peloponnesian War, he miscalculated the temper of the Athenians, whose morale would have been better sustained by a greater show of activity.
The conception of a permanent confederation, bound together in offensive and defensive alliance for common objects, has not occurred to these hard fighters and stubborn asserters of their civic privileges.
Piedmontese finances had been strained to breaking-point to organize an army obviously intended for other than merely defensive purposes.
The defensive alliance of the city with Lubeck in 1241, extended for other purpose by the treaty of 1255, practically laid the foundations of the Hanseatic League, of which Hamburg continued to be one of the principal members.
The eighth and largest group, which in its enormous numbers was to the others as ninety-nine to one, consisted of men who desired neither peace nor war, neither an advance nor a defensive camp at the Drissa or anywhere else, neither Barclay nor the Emperor, neither Pfuel nor Bennigsen, but only the one most essential thing--as much advantage and pleasure for themselves as possible.
Hill (originally called Fort Hill, as it was first used for defensive purposes) contains the graves of several Pilgrims and of many of their descendants.
Being greatly outnumbered, Howe had to stand on the defensive, but he baffled the French admiral at Sandy Hook, and defeated his attempt to take Newport in Rhode Island by a fine combination of caution and calculated daring.
From 1350 onwards the Crusade assumes a new aspect; it becomes defensive, and it is directed against the Ottoman Turks, a tribe of Turcomans who had established themselves in the sultanate of Iconium at the end of the 13th century, during the confusion and displacement of peoples which attended the Mongol invasions.
On returning to France, to the bosom of the great, strong, magnificent, peaceful, and glorious fatherland, I should have proclaimed her frontiers immutable; all future wars purely defensive, all aggrandizement antinational.
the fact that it was strictly defensive and contained no just cause of war.
The exigencies of the defensive system planned by Themistocles could only have been satisfied by a juncture of the Phaleric wall with that of the Peiraeus.
The losses inflicted on the Turks by Hunyadi Janos, and the attempt to organize a defensive league among the neighbouring Christian lands, temporarily averted the ruin of all the neighbouring lands were governed by Moslems or Roman Catholics; and at home the peasants were permitted to retain their creed and communal organization.
Greece and Crete were thus confronted with what was in effect a defensive alliance between Turkey and Rumania.
The left column under Colonel (afterwards Sir) Evelyn Wood, which had done excellent work, found itself obliged to act on the defensive after the disaster to the centre column.2 For a time an invasion of Natal was feared.
de Giers in October 1891, when the Russian statesman was apprised of the entirely defensive nature of Italian engagements under the triple alliance.
A defensive coalition was formed in which the kings of Cilicia, Hamath, the Phoenician coast, Damascus and Ammon, the Arabs of the Syrian desert, and " Ahabbu Sinai " were concerned.
Frederick acted on the defensive with consummate skill, and the capture of the Prussian fortress of Kolberg on Christmas day O.S.
In 1803 the East India Company concluded a treaty, offensive and defensive, with Bharatpur.
That lesson was laid to heart, and he subsequently maintained a purely defensive attitude.
Up to the end of the 19th century, little was thought of any locally-raised or locally-provided defensive forces, the mother-country being relied upon.
The "Dartmouth" then opened "a defensive fire," and the action became general at once.
"No. I'm not holding back," I said, sounding a tad defensive.
Every time he spoke to this guy, he found himself on the defensive.
Dean managed to whistle down a young boy who agreed to use his snow blower on Dean's unfinished sidewalk, for an amount Dean considered ridiculous, but he knew he needed to get up to snuff on Shipton's fall before he was totally on the defensive.
There are signs when Death is in her fortress. I might be able to see the trees in their defensive positions from here.
I know that buffalo cow has always been gentle, but if she has a calf, she could get defensive.
And there is perhaps a reason of a deeper kind for holding Apologetics to the defensive.
But though this defensive zeal led to active persecution, still in theory Judaism was a tolerated religion wherever the Church had sway, and many papal bulls of a friendly character were issued throughout the middle ages (Scherer, p. 32 seq.).
After helping the Spartans to invade Boeotia during the Corinthian War (395-94), the Phocians were placed on the defensive.
Wellington's policy was thus cautious and defensive, and he had already commenced the since famous lines of Torres Vedras round Lisbon.
The celebrated "Lines of Torres Vedras" were defensive works designed to resist any army which Napoleon could send against them.
The obvious remedy for these evils was to concentrate the executive power, to render the petty chiefs amenable to one tribunal, and to confide the management of the defensive force to one hand.
The summit of the promontory (748 ft.) is reached by the old line of the Via Appia, which is flanked by tombs and by remains of an ancient defensive wall with circular towers (currently attributed to Theodoric, but probably a good deal earlier in date).
But in the month of March there were discussions in the House of Commons on the alleged necessity of constructing large defensive works in Canada.
Pending the arrival of Lord Roberts and reinforcements, the situation in South Africa remained at a deadlock: the three besieged towns - Mafeking, Kimberley and Ladysmith - still held their own, but no headway was made by the relief columns; all they could do was to stand on the defensive.
Formerly it was fortified, but after the change in the defensive system of Belgium in 1858 the fortress was dismantled and its ramparts superseded by boulevards.
Isvolsky was ignorant of the " personal " treaty of defensive alliance " between Germany and Russia, entered into by the respective sovereigns at Bjorko."
Richard could only stand on the defensive; the keynote of his later policy is given by the building of the famous Château Gaillard at Les Andelys (1196) to protect the lower courses of the Seine against invasion from the side of France.
The prophetic thought is that the daughter (population) of Zion shall not be saved by her present rulers or defensive strength; she must come down from her bulwarks and dwell in the open field; there, and not within her proud ramparts, Yahweh will grant deliverance from her enemies.
Two days before the affair of Werbach (24th of July), however, the second chamber had petitioned the grand-duke to end the war and enter into an offensive and defensive alliance with Prussia.
They were established by the abbeys, the nobles and the crown, frequently by two of these authorities in co-operation, and were intended to serve as defensive posts and centres of population for sparsely-inhabited districts.
The gain would be the addition to the kingdom of a new and fertile province of the area of North Brabant, a saving of expenses on dikes, diminution of inundations, improvement of communication between the south and the north of the kingdom, protection of isles of the sea, &c. The costs were calculated as follows: (I) enclosing dike, sluices, and regulation of Zwolsche Diep, £1,760,000; (2) reclamation of four polders, £5,200,000; (3) defensive works, £400,000; (4) indemnity to fishermen, £180,000; total, £7,540,000.
A careful, calculating dynastic policy, which aimed at the establishment of an equilibrium by means of prudent compromises and defensive alliances, was, he rightly judged, the best guarantee for the future safety and glory of Poland.
The French army under the duke of Burgundy and Marshal Vendome, after an abortive attempt to invest Oudenarde, took up a defensive position north of the town when Marlborough and Eugene, after a forced march, arrived with the main Allied army.
At a very critical moment, when the Kaiser had actually mesmerized Nicholas II into the conclusion of a secret and personal convention at Bjdrko, which purported to aim at a defensive agreement, but would have led by necessity to the disruption of the FrancoRussian Alliance and to the vassalage of Russia in a continental league against England, Count Benckendorff was invited to Copenhagen and had an opportunity of serving as a confidential intermediary between Russia and Great Britain.
The right wing of the German Seventeenth Army had been forced to fall back some 12 m., abandoning in succession a series of strong and well-fortified defensive systems, the loss of which had an instant effect on the situation to the south.
- The Hindenburg line, which now faced the British armies, has been described in detail elsewhere; it will therefore suffice to say here that, together with the Ma.snieres-Beaurevoir line beyond it, it formed a fortified belt some four to six miles in depth, and was in all respects one of the most formidable defensive positions known to history.
of the canal the Germans had as successive defensive positions the Marquion trench line, running from Oisy by Marquion to the main Hindenburg line near Graincourt; the Marcoing line, covering Cambrai at a distance of some two miles from its outskirts; and the Scheldt canal, from the Sensee at Estrun by the western suburbs of the city to Marcoing, Creveceeur and the south.
the army front was redistributed in preparation for the general offensive to be undertaken on the 3rd against the last defensive position left to the enemy - the Masnieres - Beaurevoir line.
5 the Fourth Army's 12 divisions had completely defeated 20 enemy divisions, driving them from a succession of defensive lines of unexampled strength and taking from them close on i 5,000 prisoners and 120 guns, and could claim for themselves with justice a preponderating share in the decisive victory of the war.
After Dunbar Leslie fought a stubborn defensive campaign up to the crossing of the Forth by Cromwell, and then accompanied Charles to Worcester, where he was lieutenant-general under the king, who commanded in person.
On July 18-20 the combined Swedes and Brandenburgers, 18,000 strong, after a three days' battle, defeated John Casimir's army of ioo,000 at Warsaw and reoccupied the Polish capital; but this brilliant feat of arms was altogether useless, and when the suspicious attitude of Frederick William compelled the Swedish king at last to open negotiations with the Poles, they refused the terms offered, the war was resumed, and Charles concluded an offensive and defensive alliance with the elector of Brandenburg (treaty of Labiau, Nov.
In July an offensive and defensive alliance was concluded between Denmark and Poland.
The advance continued to Colmar, where the elector, who was now in command of the Germans, stood on the defensive with forces equal to Turenne's own.
" Stink glands," which secrete a nauseous fluid with a defensive function, are present in many Hemiptera.
He agreed to pay to Decebalus an annual subsidy, and to supply him with engineers and craftsmen skilled in all kinds of construction, but particularly in the erection of fortifications and defensive works.
It is an important fortress, forming the principal point d'appui of the line of defensive inundations called the "New Holland Water Line," in addition to its position as a railway centre.
Private houses were also provided with flat roofs (azoteas) and battlements, which gave them great defensive strength, as well as a cool, secluded retreat for their inmates in the evening.
In fact, the threatening danger forced his hand and compelled him to strike before he had collected a sufficient army for his defensive needs.
He used a low ridge to screen his main June defensive position, exposing comparatively few troops in front of the crest.
But the attack failed; subsequent attempts were defeated far from the waterway, and at the end of 1917 the British had reached southern Palestine, and the Turkish army was on the defensive, with other matters than the Canal to engage its attention.
It was one of the four castles that had to be maintained by the Articles of Union, but when its uselessness for defensive purposes became apparent, it was converted into an ammunition depot.
A further offensive and defensive alliance between the two Republics was then entered into, under which the Free State took up arms on the outbreak of hostilities with the Transvaal 1899.
President Kruger, however, soon brushed these propositions aside, and responded by stating that, in consideration of the common enemy and the dangers which threatened the Republic, an offensive and defensive alliance must be preliminary to any closer union.
To this Brand rejoined that, as far as the offensive was concerned, he did not desire to be a party to attacking any one, and as for the defensive, where was the pressing danger of the enemy which Kruger feared ?
This constitution appears to have been modelled on terms a great deal too liberal and enlightened to please Mr Kruger, whose one idea was to have at his command the armed forces of the Free State when he should require them, and who pressed for an offensive and defensive affiance.
The Free Staters were practically bound, under the offensive and defensive alliance, in case hostilities arose with Great Britain, either to denounce the policy to which they had so unwisely been secretly party, or to throw in their lot with the Transvaal.
The Russians, then, at the beginning of June, were divided into three groups, the Southern, or offensive group (3 5,000), in the triangle Neuchwang-Haicheng-Kaiping; the Eastern or defensive group (30,000), the main body of it guarding the passes right and left of the Wiju-Liao-Yang road, the left (Cossacks) in the roadless hills of the upper Aiho and Yalu valleys, the right (Mishchenko's Cossacks and infantry supports) guarding Fenshuiling pass and the road from Takushan; the reserve (42,000) with Kuropatkin at Liao-Yang; the " Ussuri Army " about Vladivostok; and Stessel's two divisions in the Kwantung peninsula.
of impassable mountain, and knowing well the danger of a " cordon " defensive, he met the crisis in another and a bolder fashion.
Nevertheless he had every intention of delivering a heavy and decisive counterstroke when the right moment should come, and meantime his defensive tactics would certainly have full play on this prearranged battlefield with its elaborate redoubts, bombproofs and obstacles, and its garrison of a strength obviously equal (and in reality superior) to that of the assailants.
West of the Lun river the defensive line offered by the hills is less defined, and the line adopted for the permanent works was on the north only 3000 yds.
The records of the wars in Ireland in the r6th century show that the petty chieftains of that time had their defensive strongholds constructed in the "freshwater lochs" of the country, and there is record evidence of a similar system in the western parts of Scotland.
The Germans had for long past given up all efforts at Germanization; their watchword was " maintenance of the national status quo " - that is to say, not an aggressive but a defensive principle.
Some curious memorials of the superstition have survived in rings and amulets, engraven with the various signs, and worn as a kind of astral defensive armour.
Peter's enthusiastic worship of Frederick resulted in a peace (May 5) and then (June 19) in an offensive and defensive alliance between Russia and Prussia, whereby Peter restored to Prussia all the territory won from her by Russia during the last five years at such an enormous expense of men and money, and engaged to defend Frederick against all his enemies.
13 1920, with Rumania April 23 1921), positive in so far as it aimed at the establishment and maintenance of peace, security and normal economic conditions in central Europe, and defensive in so far as it was directed against all attempts at reaction menacing the existence of the new states.
All that the gentry contributed at present was two pence (groschen) per hide of land, and this only for defensive service at home.
Almost simultaneously a civil war broke out in the Crimea and the Porte declared war against the Venetian republic, with which Wladislaus at once concluded an offensive and defensive alliance (1645).
In August 1787 Russia and Austria provoked the Porte to declare war against them both, and two months later a defensive alliance was concluded between Prussia, England and Holland, as a counterpoise to the alarming preponderance of Russia.
The result was the treaty of April 1769, providing for the mutual restitution of all conquests, and for mutual aid and alliance in defensive war; it was followed by a commercial treaty in 1770 with the authorities of Bombay.
This was refused, and on the 3rd of January 1815 a secret treaty of defensive alliance was signed between France, Austria and Great Britain.
In front of the Perches redoubts, the Bosmont, whence the Prussian engineers began their attack, is now heavily fortified with continuous lineslcalled the Organisation defensive de Bosmont.
The old entrenched camp enclosed by the castle, Fort La Miotte, and Fort Justice, is still maintained, and part even of the enceinte built by Vauban is used for defensive purposes.
To the north, Forts Salbert and Roppe form the salients of a long defensive line on high ground, at the centre of which, where the Savoureuse river divides it, a new work was added later.
from Belfort itself, connect the fortress with the right of the defensive line of the Moselle (Fort Ballon d'Alsace).
Thenceforward the Confederacy was purely on the defensive.
The French, not yet certain whether or not they would retain Algeria, remained on the defensive.
The system of Marshal Valee had been the defensive: he multiplied the fortified posts in order to draw the enemy to a spot chosen beforehand.
On June 28 complete inactivity supervened among the Confederates north of the Chickahominy save that Stuart's cavalry and Ewell's division were advanced as far as the railway to reconnoitre, but on this day McClellan was making good his retreat southwards to the James with little interference, for Magruder was instructed to "hold his lines at all hazards," and accordingly acted on the defensive except that Jones's division opposed a Federal division under W.
The commonview that the British Empire has been won by purely defensive action is not tenable, and from the beginning of her reign Englishmen had taken the offensive, partly from religious but also from other motives.
This provoked the Mexican forces into a defensive invasion of Texas, to cut the American communications with Point Ysabel.
Elizabeth did not mean to marry, and although a defensive alliance was concluded between England and France in April 1572, the French government perceived that public opinion in France would not tolerate an open breach with Spain in Protestant interests.
The American Congress at Philadelphia, acting for all the thirteen colonies, voted general defensive measures, called out troops and appointed George Washington of Virginia commander-in-chief.
So far the British navy had stood on the defensive, without material loss except in the West Indies, but without triumph.
The rambling operations of the naval war till the close of 1780 - directed by the allies to such secondary objects as the capture of West Indian islands, or of Minorca and Gibraltar, and by Great Britain to defensive movements - began to assume a degree of coherence in 1781.
President Zaldivar, of Salvador, had been his friend, but after the issue of the decree of union he entered into a defensive alliance with Costa Rica and Nicaragua.
In Dec. 1917 the defensive line at Aden described an arc of about 11 m.
It will be observed that the abbey precincts are surrounded by a strong wall, fur nished at intervals with watch-towers and other defensive works.
The plan of the Russian defensive campaigns is, with great probability, also attributed to him, and he gained Alexander over to the plan of uniting Norway with Sweden.
After a dedicatory epistle to Alexander (chap. I) the opening of the treatise itself (chap. 2) is as follows: - " There are three genera of political speeches; one deliberative, one declamatory, one forensic: their species are seven; hortative, dissuasive, laudatory, vituperative, accusatory, defensive, critical."
Within the next few days Soult's approach on the line of communication was discovered, and Wellesley, disgusted with his Spanish allies, had no choice but to withdraw into Portugal and there stand upon the defensive.
Even on the defensive, Wellington's task was exceedingly difficult.
and Sao Bento, Conceicao and Livramento hills on the N., and extends inland to the Praca da Republica, though the defensive works in colonial times followed a line much nearer the bay.
Thus, so long as she refrains from adopting conscription, she can only carry on defensive warfare.
The object of her navy is therefore necessarily defensive, unless it act in co-operation with a foreign conscript army.
From 1707 to 1709 the war on his part was purely defensive; Charles would not hear of peace till full restitution had been made and a war indemnity paid, while Peter was fully resolved to perish rather than surrender his "paradise," Petersburg.
Rough Castle, near Falkirk, is very much smaller; it is remarkable for the astonishing strength of its turf-built and earthen ramparts and ravelins, and for a remarkable series of defensive pits, reminiscent of Caesar's lilia at Alesia, plainly intended to break an enemy's charge, and either provided with stakes to impale the assailant or covered over with hurdles or the like to deceive him.
The most common article of defensive armour was the shield, which was small and circular and apparently of quite thin lime-wood, the edge being formed probably by a thin band of iron.
The Danish settlements at the end of the 9th century and the defensive system initiated by King Alfred gave birth to a new series of fortified towns, from which the boroughs of the middle ages are mainly descended.
The Russo-Japanese War came to an end; the new offensive and defensive alliance with Japan was signed on the 12th of August; the successful AngloFrench agreement, concluded in April 1904, had brought out a vigorous expression of cordiality between England and France, shown in an enthusiastic exchange of naval visits; and the danger, which threatened in the early summer, of complications with France and Gemany over Morocco, was in a fair way of being dispelled by the support given to France by Great Britain.
Hitherto more tolerant of heresy than the local authorities, the papacy now felt compelled to take defensive measures against it, and especially against Albigensianism, which had made great strides in the south of France since the middle of the 12th century.
The fyrd was gradually superseded by the gathering of the thegns and their retainers, but it was occasionally called out for defensive purposes even after the Norman Conquest.
Fortunately too for him, the Swedish government delayed hostilities in Scania till February 1644, so that the Danes were able to make adequate defensive preparations and save the important fortress of Malmo.
" The Place of Mimicry in a Scheme of Defensive Coloration," Essays on Evolution, pp. 293-382 (1908); W.
Regarded as a method of military organization, the feudal system of tenures was always far better adapted to the purposes of defensive than of offensive warfare.
Since 290 it had extended its power over all the uplands of central Greece, where its command over Heracleia (280) provided it with an important defensive position against northern invaders, its control of Delphi and the Amphictyonic council with a useful political instrument.
The South German Confederation, contemplated by the with 6th article of the treaty of Prague, never came into being; and, though Prussia, in order not prematurely to excite the alarm of France, opposed the suggestion that the southern states should join the North German Confederation, the bonds of Bavaria, as of the other southern states, with the north, were strengthened by an offensive and defensive alliance with Prussia, as the result of Napoleon's demand for "compensation" in the Palatinate.
A defensive and offensive alliance with France was concluded early in 1635 against the king of Spain, and each party bound itself not to make a peace or truce without the assent of the other.
The reluctance of the States of Holland, and of Amsterdam in particular, to grant adequate supplies caused the campaigns of 1638 and 1639 to be in the main defensive and dilatory.
The French now found themselves threatened on many sides, and were reduced to the defensive.
The Middelgrund is a powerful defensive work completed in 1896 and most of the rest are modern.
against Frederick I., who captured it at length and strengthened its defensive works; and it was only after a year's siege that it yielded in 1536 to Christian III.
The disposition adopted was one which is found recurring in many sea-fights of the middle ages where a fleet had to fight on the defensive.
Its defensive works are extensive, and consist of strong modern forts crowning the hills encircling the town on the west, and of the citadel of Ehrenbreitstein on the opposite bank of the Rhine.
This was followed by the treaty of alliance between Denmark and Russia of the 12th of August 1773, which was partly a mutually defensive league, and partly an engagement between the two states to upset the new constitution recently established in Sweden by Gustavus III., when the right moment for doing so should arrive.
It seemed almost as if his wits were sharpened into a keener edge by his very difficulties; but since he condemned on principle every war which was not strictly defensive, and it had fallen to his lot to guide a comparatively small power, he always preferred the way of negotiation, even sometimes where the diplomatic tangle would perhaps best have been severed boldly by the sword.
The inner line of fortifications was razed in 1890, and the defensive works now consist only of the citadel and three detached forts, one of which, Fort Blucher, serves as a tete-de-pout on the left bank of the Rhine, Wesel contains some quaint old houses, and a town hall, dating from 1396, with an elaborate facade, and containing a valuable collection of old silver plate.
The works consisted of (I) a continuous defensive rampart with a ditch in front and a road behind; (2) various forts, blockhouses and towers along the rampart; and (3) an earthwork to the south of it, generally called the Valium, of uncertain use.
The defensive wall was probably first erected by Hadrian about A.D.
They carried double-edged swords and short daggers for use hand to hand, the steel of which was hardened b y being buried underground; their defensive armour was a light Gallic shield or a round wicker buckler, and greaves of felt round their legs.
He represents the empire internationally,, and can declare war if defensive, and make peace as well as enter into treaties with other nations; he also appoints and receives ambassadors.
In the interior only Spandau, Custrin, Magdeburg, Ingolstadt and Ulm were maintained as defensive supporting points, and similarly on the Rhine, which was formerly studded with fortresses from Basel to Emmerich, the defences were limited to New Breisach, Germersheim, Mainz, Cohlenz, Cologne and Wesel, all of a barrier character and not organized specially as centres of activity for field armies.
Instigated by George of Saxony the Romanist princes formed a defensive league at Dessau in 1525; the reforming princes took a similar step at Gotha in 1526.
The treaties of peace between Prussia and the South German states were accompanied by secret treaties of offensive and defensive alliance, under which the supreme command in war was to be given to the Prussian king.
In 1904 Count Bulow again found it necessary, in reply to the Socialist leader Bebel, to declare that the German naval armaments were purely defensive.
The patriotic spirit and naval prowess of the Genoese, developed in their defensive wars against the Saracens, led to the foundation of a popular constitution, and to the rapid growth of a powerful marine.
The Alpine frontiers, especially those in Tirol, have numerous fortifications, whose centre is formed by Trent and Franzensfeste; while all the military roads leading into Carinthia have been provided with strong defensive works, as at Malborgeth, Predil Pass, &c. The two capitals, Vienna and Budapest, are not fortified.
In spite of the reluctance of Maria Theresa, Kaunitz, in July 1771, concluded a defensive alliance with the Porte.
On the 7th of February Austria and Prussia signed at Berlin an offensive and defensive treaty of alliance.
By Article III., in the event of war between Russia and Austria the alliance both offensive and defensive was to be made effective (Hertslet, No.
Meanwhile Pericles had decided to act on the defensive, i.e.
In 421 Sparta and Athens concluded a defensive alliance; the Sphacterian captives were released and Athens promised to abandon Pylos.
The defensive force - the Northern Nigeria Regiment of the West African Frontier Force - is constituted by law, and the proclamation contains a military code based on the Army Act with modifications necessary in local circumstances.
(94 o -9 86) subdued German territory south of the p Eider, extended the Danevirke, Denmark's great line of defensive fortifications, to the south of Schleswig and planted the military colony of Julin or Jomsborg, at the mouth of the Oder.
The price of corn continued 1746/730= to fall; the migration of the peasantry assumed alarming proportions; and at last, " to preserve the land " as well as to increase the defensive capacity of the country, the national militia was re-established by the decree of the 4th of February 1733, which at the same time bound to the soil all peasants between the age of nine and forty.
He worked energetically to put Paris in a state of defence and throughout the siege showed himself a master of the passive defensive.
He had now, however, to act on the defensive, and fortunately for him, the Russians, on the death of the empress Elizabeth, not only withdrew in 1762 from the compact against him, but for a time became his allies.
Their names explain their use, but they were doubtless also intended as defensive works.
Defensive works were erected in 17 3 0, and in 1763, when the town was made a governor's residence, a castle and other fortifications were constructed.
Other counter-strokes that his arrival had inspired were at the same time made from different parts of the defensive front, and had the effect of breaking up what was a solid line into a number of disconnected bands, each fighting for its life in the midst of the enemy.
Subsequently, in 1809, while a French invasion of India was still a possibility to be guarded against, Mountstuart Elphinstone was sent by Lord Minto on a mission to Shah Shuja to form a defensive alliance.
formed a defensive league against him, he quitted Naples, and Ferrandino, with the help of Ferdinand II.
deep in the sea, with the defensive works on the Verne, batteries, case, ments and barracks intended to render the island of Portland impregnable, and the enlargement and extension of the dock, yards at Chatham and Portsmouth.
Army was strictly defensive.
He had already indicated, early in the campaign, the defensive lines to be prepared, and had on various occasions insisted on the necessity of strengthening these lines.
This would not have mattered if the necessary defensive works had been carried out, but the energies of the troops had been directed to preparing elaborate works in advance positions not well suited for defence, and the positions chosen by Cadorna for the main line of resistance were in many cases untouched.
On April 2 1 at Cadorna's request Brusati sent a report upon the defensive system between the Val Lagarina and the Val Sugana, accompanied by a map showing the various lines, stating that the conditions were " re-assuring," and that the third line of defence upon which Cadorna had laid special emphasis could be considered as being in a satisfactory state of efficiency.
But the main line between the Posina and the Astico, which ran by Monte Maggio (5,730ft.), Monte Toraro (6,1.75 ft.), Campomolon (6,030 ft.) and Spitz Tonezza (5,512 ft.), was not satisfactory for defensive purposes.
He ordered all heavy artillery not absolutely necessary for defensive purposes, and all stores beyond the minimum required for immediate supplies, to be withdrawn from the Isonzo front and brought south of Treviso, behind the Silo.
This gave a very strong defensive line, with ample depth east of the Upper Val d'Assa, which therefore remained entirely in Austrian hands, a useful line of communication in any case, and an invaluable opening in the event of further offensive action.
Brusati had failed to realize the necessity of defence in depth, or the essentials of a good defensive line, but a graver error still was his neglect in regard to the preparation of second-line positions.
To those who maintain that Cadorna should have sacrificed everything in order to improve his defensive position in the Trentino sector, it may be answered that the line on which he stopped (or rather the modification of it necessitated by the retreat after Caporetto), properly prepared, backed by other lines in sufficient depth, and adequately served by new roads, was maintained until the end of the war.
The country on which the battle was fought abounded in strong defensive positions, some of which were famous as battlegrounds of the Seven Years' War.
Great Britain, prodigal of protestations of goodwill, alone remained; and to her Mahmud turned with a definite offer of an offensive and defensive alliance.
Before, on the 9th of July, the Russian fleet, with the Russian troops on board, weighed anchor for the Black Sea, there was signed at the palace of Unkiar Skelassi the famous treaty (July 8, 1833) which, under the guise of an offensive and defensive alliance, practically made Russia the custodian of the gates of the Black Sea.
A two-edged weapon, of which the blade is of sharks' teeth, and a defensive armour of braided sennit, are also peculiar to the islands; a large adze, made of the shell of the Tridacna gigas (the largest bivalve known), was formerly used in the Carolines, probably by the old builder race.
Denying any form of moral sense or conscience, he regards all the social virtues as evolved from the instinct for self-preservation, the give-and-take arrangements between the partners in a defensive and offensive alliance, and the feelings of pride and vanity artificially fed by politicians, as an antidote to dissension and chaos.
Cadorna was convinced that he had to stand on the defensive, the more so as he was uncertain in which sector of the Julian front the chief blow would fall, but his instructions naturally included and recommended vigorous local counter-attacks.
Army, did not like the idea of the defensive.
31 the Duke of Aosta was able to inform Cadorna that all of his rearguard, with the exception of four brigades, who were holding a defensive bridgehead covering Madrisio, had passed the Tagliamento.
Army, and to organize a strong defensive line on the Piave.
Corps on the Montello, the II., which had been in line between Pederobba and the Montello, occupied in preparing defensive positions, going back to be rested and re-fitted with the rest of the II.
Roads had been built and gun positions prepared, and reservoirs made for water; trenches had been dug and strong redoubts constructed at various important points, though the defensive system was not completely finished when the enemy attacked at Caporetto.
This holding of the Italian fire, like the failure to appreciate the necessity for defence in depth, is explained by the fact that as regards the practice of defensive tactics the Italians were some two years in arrears.
The Italian armies on the Julian front had been so busily occupied in attack that they had not worked out the application of new defensive methods.
Simultaneously Wladislaus contracted an offensive and defensive alliance with Venice against the Porte, a treaty directly contrary indeed to the pacta conventa he had sworn to observe, but excusable in the desperate circumstances.
The expenses of every defensive war which the commissioners declared to be just were to be defrayed by the several colonies in proportion to their number of men and boys between the ages of sixteen and sixty.
palus, a stake, for paglus, from the stem pagof pangere, to fix; "pole" is from the same original source), a stake, particularly one of a closely set series driven into the ground to form the defensive work known as a "palisade"; also one of the lighter laths or strips of wood set vertically and fastened to a horizontal rail to form a "paling."
A defensive alliance with Sobieski (August 4, 1677) was rendered inoperative by the annihilation of Sweden's sea-power (battle of Oland, June 17, 1676; battle of Fehmarn, June 1677) and the difficulties of the Polish king.
A watchful neutrality, not venturing much beyond defensive alliances and commercial treaties with the maritime powers, was therefore Sweden's safest policy, and this the older Caps had always followed out.
On the seaward side, the defensive works include Castelnuovo (Erceg Novi), which guards the main entrance to the Bocche.
Yet it always remained on the defensive and even so was lacking in energy.
Fever is not to be looked upon as an unmitigated evil, to be removed if possible, but rather as a defensive mechanism by which the organism may prevent invasion from noxicus microbes.
Nevertheless, as in a campaign the general's plan may be spoiled by too hasty or too eager action on the part of some of his troops, so the defensive arrangement carried to excess may prove injurious or fatal to the organism.
The defensive powers of the body against microbes, when actually on or in it, may be classed as means (z) of passive defence, (2) of active defence, and (3) of repair.
But by the addition of some antiseptic to the ointment its defensive action would be converted from passive to active, and its power to prevent infection would become greater; and if inflammation had already set up in the skin, the addition of opium, belladonna, or cocaine would lessen local pain; and an astringent, either metallic or organic, would restrain inflammation and accelerate repair.
The thickening of the epidermis in the hands and feet, which occurs from constant use, is nature's provision for meeting the extra wear to which these parts are subjected by much use; but pressure is apt to cause the defensive process to be carried too far, and to lead to corns, which give rise to much pain and annoyance.
The process of inflammation is a defensive one, but if carried too far may prove injurious.
I), signed a treaty of offensive and defensive alliance with the British government.
Reitz, one of the founders of the Bond, in 1889 committed the Free State to an offensive and defensive alliance with the Transvaal.
The peace of Varala saved Sweden from any such humiliating concession, and in October 1791 Gustavus took the bold but by no means imprudent step of concluding an eight years' defensive alliance with the empress, who thereby bound herself to pay her new ally annual subsidies amounting to 300,000 roubles.
His purpose is entirely defensive; he wishes to answer objections that have been brought against religion, and to examine certain difficulties that have been alleged as insuperable.
This treaty was executed on the 14th of May 1854 and was to the following effect: " That the former offensive and defensive treaty, concluded in 1841 by Major Outram between the British government and Nasir Khan II., chief of Kalat, was to be annulled.
The treaty of 1854 was a treaty of alliance offensive and defensive.
On the 30th of March 1855 Dost Mahommed reversed his former policy by concluding an offensive and defensive alliance with the British government.
Here he stood upon the defensive until the invaders should be defeated by starvation.
This, as already pointed out, depends upon the increase of opsonins, though it is also to be noted that in many infective conditions there is another factor present, namely a leucocytosis, that is, an increase of the leucocytes in the blood, and the defensive powers of the body are thereby increased.
Strategically no less than politically, Turkey was on the defensive.
At first, it seems, the Goltz plan of a defensive concentration there, to be followed by radial attacks on divided enemies, was adhered to by the Turks.
On the Turkish side, equally little is known with certainty as to the original project, though it is probably safe to say that this consisted in a defensive concentration of the I., II.
With a force such as this, containing few active elements, only a purely defensive policy was possible.
The assailants now found themselves close up against the main defensive line.
Bruce made no attempt to defend the border, and selected his defensive position on the Bannock Burn, 22 m.
Perry's naval victory on the 10th of September 1813, Harrison no longer had to remain on the defensive; he advanced to Detroit, re-occupied the territory surrendered by General William Hull, and on the 5th of October administered a crushing defeat to Proctor at the battle of the Thames.
He maintained himself stubbornly in defensive campaigns against the Latin emperor Henry, defeated his rival Alexius Comnenus of Trebizond, and carried out a successful counter-attack upon Gayath-ed-din, the sultan of Koniah, who had been instigated to war by the deposed Alexius III.
As in many other " pelagic " organisms, spines and processes from the surface of the body are often developed, which are probably less important as defensive organs than as aids to flotation.
The defensive harbour thus completely enclosed has an area of 2200 acres to the one-fathom line, of which 1500 acres have a depth of not less than 30 ft.
That he was slow, and perhaps too tender-hearted, in handling armed masses for action may be admitted, and though admirable for defensive war and a safe strategist, he showed himself unfitted to take the highly essential initiative, both because of temperament and his habitual exaggeration of obstacles and opposing numbers.
The chief foreign treaties entered into by Colombia in the last quarter of the 19th century were: - (1) A treaty with Great Britain, signed on the 27th of October 1888, for the extradition of criminals; (2) a treaty of friendship, commerce and navigation with Italy, signed on the 27th of October 1892; (3) two protocols with Italy, signed respectively on the 24th of May and on the 25th of August 1886, in connexion with the affair of the Italian subject Cerruti; (4) a consular convention with Holland, signed on the 10th of July 1881; (5) a treaty of peace and friendship with Spain, signed on the 30th of January 1881; (6) a convention with Spain for the reciprocal protection of intellectual property; (7) a concordat with the Vatican, signed on the 31st of December 1887; (8) an agreement with the Vatican, signed on the 10th of August 1892, in connexion with ecclesiastical jurisdiction; (9) an agreement with the republic of San Salvador, signed on the 24th of December 1880, in regard to the despatch of a delegate to an international congress; (to) a treaty of peace, friendship and commerce with Germany, signed on the 23rd of July 1892; (t1) a treaty with the republic of Costa Rica, signed in 1880, for the delimitation of the boundary; (12) the postal convention, signed at Washington, on the 4th of July 1891; (13) a convention with Great Britain, signed on the 31st of July 1896, in connexion with the claim of Messrs Punchard, M`Taggart, Lowther & Co.; (t4) a treaty of friendship, commerce and navigation with Peru, signed on the 6th of August 1898; (15) an extradition treaty with Peru, signed on the 6th of August 1898; (16) a treaty of peace, friendship and defensive alliance with Venezuela, signed on the 21st of November 1896, and on the same date a treaty regulating the frontier commerce.
How faithless and insincere was Henrys policy maybe gauged from the fact that in 1520, after all the pageantry of the Field of the Cloth of Gold and his vows of undying friendship for Francis, he met Charles a few weeks later at Gravelines, and concluded with him a treaty which pledge~i England to a defensive alliance against the kings good brother of France.
(see Henry Iv.), and the defensive alliance between France and the United Netherlands in 1608.
And its first achievement for the country (this is again a mere statement of fact) was the restoration of a much-damaged self-respect and the creation of a great defensive fleet not a day too soon for safety.
The Prussians occupied the northern part of Wurttemberg and peace was made in August 1866; by this Wurttemberg paid an indemnity of 8,000,000 gulden, but at once concluded a secret offensive and defensive treaty with her conqueror.
In February Leopold concluded a defensive treaty with Frederick William..
Tradition claims that King Athelstan threw up defensive earthworks here, but the existing castle is attributed to Joel of Totnes, who held the manor during the reign of William the Conqueror, and also founded a Cluniac priory, dedicated to St Mary Magdalene.
Nor, finally, is the last defensive position of scientific determinism - the theory, namely, that the freedom of the will is incompatible with the doctrine of the conservation of energy - to be accepted without question.
In 1777 he informed the American commissioners that France acknowledged the Republic and was willing to form an offensive and defensive alliance with the new state.
The defensive force of the country, as reorganized in 1901, consists of the national army (narodna voyska) and the landsturm.
The Babil mound probably represents the site of a palace built by Nebuchadrezzar at the northern extremity of the city walls and attached to a defensive outwork 60 cubits in length.
ALLIANCE, in international law, a league between independent states, defined by treaty, for the purpose of combined action, defensive or offensive, or both.
The provision of defensive armour for ships of war had long occupied his attention, and he had constructed plans and a model of a vessel lying low in the water, carrying one heavy gun in a circular turret mounted on a turntable.
Henry gave Brittany defensive aid; but after the duchess Anne had married Charles VIII.
Although during the first campaigns (1701-1703) in Italy, in Germany and in the Netherlands success was equally balanced, the successors of Villarsthanks to the treason of the duke of Savoywere defeated at HÃ¶chstadt and Landau, and were reduced to the defensive (1704).
Instead of remaining upon the defensive in this continental warmerely accessory as it washe made it his chief affair, and placed himself under the petticoat government of three women, Maria Theresa, Elizabeth of Russia and the marquise de Pompadour.
Negotiations were renewed in 1370 when Charles of Navarre did homage for his French possessions, though he was then considering an offensive and defensive alliance with Edward III.
Charles's generals avoided pitched battles, and contented themselves with defensive and guerrilla tactics, with the result that in 1380 only Bayonne, Bordeaux, Brest and Calais were still in English hands.
The southern states he treated with equal moderation, and thereby was able to arrange an offensive and defensive alliance with them.
During the iconoclastic reigns of terror it stood on the defensive, and succeeded in saving the artistic treasures of its churches: in the 9th century Joseph, one of its bishops, died in chains for his defence of image-worship. In the 7th century the Macedonian Sla y s strove to capture the city, but failed even when it was thrown into confusion by a terrible earthquake.
The feeling of security vanished, the towns banded themselves together for defensive purposes, the rights of the margrave were again pledged to provide money, and in 1432 the land was ravaged by the Hussites.
For the same reason, the king rejected the chancellor's alternative of waging a simply defensive war against the emperor by means of the fleet, with Stralsund as his base.
1854), urging the tsar to accept the decisions of the Vienna conference, and on his refusal signing a defensive alliance with Austria (April 20, 1854), which included among the casus belli the incorporation in Russia of the banks of the Danube and a Russian march on Constantinople.
"You're in Arizona," Jake said as she resumed her defensive position in the library's most comfortable chair.
When kids teased her about her outdated moral convictions, she got defensive and withdrew.
When they decided to concede, wanting to maintain the ban, they were very much on the defensive, mostly conceding that this question would have to be revisited soon.
The new NATO For the Central Europeans, the new NATO is far more than a defensive alliance.
In these relationships you can be too argumentative and defensive.
The ability to fire a weapon outside the defensive armaments of an enemy bomber had obvious advantages.
armour were to fight in their native fashion with axes, swords, or bows, haling no defensive armor.
The curtain wall also had battlements or crenellations to further enhance the defensive power of the castle.
black belt in defensive origami!
A late Queens ' goal following a Jesus defensive blunder spoilt what was a very good afternoon for Jesus.
But the away side regained the lead after 59 minutes thanks to a weak defensive clearance from the Blues.
Make sure that you appear relaxed and open, not closed and defensive.
contrive to give soft tries Only Premiership leaders Bath have a better defensive record in the league.
Gloucester still contrive to give soft tries Only Premiership leaders Bath have a better defensive record in the league.
After three rounds of diamonds declarer leads a spade from the table, and defensive communications are broken beyond repair.
In Scotland and Northern Ireland over the last two decades, unionism has become defeatist, defensive and apprehensive about the future.
Take it easy, do not become defensive and reply in a considered way.
Labor originally decided to dilute the charter because it " made staff more defensive " .
Jack Pearce has warned Bognor's new central defensive pairing they will need to be on top of their game against Fisher Athletic tomorrow.
defensive midfielder who has done really well in the French league in the last two years.
defensive frailties, his services are required with some urgency.
defensive lapses cost us.
defensive mix-up saw their striker steal in and prod the ball home.
defensive ditch situated just north of Hadrian's Wall.
defensive linear earthwork.
Was our involvement in the development of the Quality Mark purely defensive?
overly defensive play will merely land you front-row seats to the fiery destruction of your own base.
The French military high command had developed an essentially defensive strategy from an essentially defensive national mind-set.
It stood in a naturally defensive location on the shoulder of a steep slope overlooking a crossing point of the River Lune.
In sites like Avebury the ditch is on the inside indicating the purpose was not primarily defensive.
I would not want to say that this was merely defensive or self-protective.
This resulted in downward pressure of fee levels with people becoming even more defensive about their charge out levels.
When we want to resist anything; when we feel defensive; then the most common response is to tighten up.
Without sounding too defensive, isn't it a tad hypocritical to label atheists as arrogant while not extending that to the religious folks?
But people never do that, they always get defensive, and start attacking, when we were trying to debate something else.
defensive in nature.
Langa said the state of the Marromeu defensive dike " is not encouraging " .
This road is built along the site of a Roman defensive ditch situated just north of Hadrian's Wall.
dodgy at the back, how have they got the best defensive record in the Premiership?
But the stars of the show were central defensive duo Kevin Ellis and Matthew Wright.
dyke Butser Hill, south of Petersfield, an Iron Age site reveals three defensive dikes, lynchets, burial mounds and ancient trackways.
earthen rampart with three defensive ditches.
Traces of a Saxon settlement have been found from the seventh century, and in the tenth century the Danes constructed defensive earthworks here.
Most likely, Wansdyke was a defensive linear earthwork.
All of the Marine garrison's defensive emplacements were left intact by the raid, which primarily targeted the naval aircraft.
The moats were then categorized as ' moated enclosures with stronger defensive works ' .
exponent of the defensive art.
Attacking the now exposed German left flank caused that section of the German defensive line to withdraw, allowing the 126th Infantry to advance.
On the 10th April the 11th Suffolks, having formed a defensive flank, beat off attack after attack.
The Romans marked their borders with a series of defensive fortifications, including large continuous wall barriers.
It seemed to sum up the visitors ' defensive frailty.
An early free kick from Thrapston forced Chris Goode to make a defensive header which went out for a throw-in.
The essential element of a defensive handgun (apart from reliability) is convenient portability.
Then, just three minutes into the contest, came the first defensive howler.
Theodosius left Britain in a defensive situation; the towns had been refortified and made almost impregnable with high strong walls.
defensive indecision led to City's second goal on the hour.
When the opposition has to resort to petty insults, you know they're on the defensive.
From these wagons Zizka created a method of rapidly deploying a defensive wagon laager, in essence a mobile fort.
When first constructed the Canonry served as a defensive gate for the Cathedral - keeping the laity out during celebrations of the mass.
Ken McKenna was understandably annoyed with the late defensive lapses in a game where Saints ought to have kept a clean sheet.
Bell extended their lead further following a minor defensive lapse.
proving the lightning does strike twice, Read then dismissed Gillmor when again a defensive shot spun back into the batsman's wicket.
Peterborough Herald BARRY Fry has been handed a major hammer blow with defensive linchpin Simon Rea facing up to another injury nightmare.
In 1985, he joined the Chicago Bears as a defensive lineman.
I can only assume the passengers were tossed about because of the defensive maneuver.
Then it applied a defensive device common to most arboreal marsupials.
This formation definitely has the defensive mettle to shut teams up.
defensive midfield Stuart Maynard - Dunstable Town A former Watford player.
He's a ready made defensive midfielder who has done really well in the French league in the last two years.
A long ball from the back held up in the wind and caused a defensive mix-up which Mitch Patten capitalized on to equalize.
The experienced Green pounced on a defensive mix-up to fire home into an open goal.
outnumbered four-to-one, Ayscue took up a defensive position in the Downs.
It is well known that despite the heroic and bloody defensive action of the Royal Marines the Island was captured by German paratroops.
peacetime activity " information warfare " may unnecessarily suggest the applicability of the laws of war or the appropriateness of defensive measures.
The American positions in the defensive perimeter had been expertly sited.
platoon deployed in a Broad Wedge had a defensive position 250 m wide by 150 m deep.
This I have associated with a defensive posture I have seen in animals.
What he lacks in attacking prowess, he more than makes up for with his defensive qualities.
The troops returned, leveled the center of town and built in its place an internal earthen rampart with three defensive ditches.
Large enough to have been part of the springing of a defensive timber rampart across the entrance of the gate!
Solent looked all at sea as Wildcats dominated by stealing the ball several times and pulling down every defensive rebound.
They were overly defensive and need to accept that in a diverse society we should be free to make polite requests of this kind.
reroute a call; it might be a defensive measure against a known attack.
rileanwhile, his former defensive partner at Elland Road is riling the good people at Old Trafford by refusing to ink an extended deal.
Agreeing to defend each other, David and Alan use the roundhouse as a defensive base against the Captain's attack, who surrenders.
The strength of rational thinking is in the ability to examine and remove self-deception, rationalizations, and other defensive mental maneuvers.
Eight of the 10 were either once an integral part of the USSR or constituted its defensive shield against Nato and the capitalist west.
Depending on preference, players can choose to use short-range, long-range, defensive or evasive play styles.
Apparently the facilitation of precise placement is of scant interest to current producers of defensive sidearms.
A dense line of defensive gabions has failed to protect this unknown soldier of the 90th Perthshire Light Infantry possibly from a Russian sniper.
Lynn are clearly missing the defensive solidity of Grant Cooper, without whom they have conceded seven goals in two games.
What he found two employe spouses a defensive driving.
Once again Gough held on using a defensive line, with Patten watching the two squabble in the front of him.
Such defensive armament as she had boasted in the Atlantic was properly stowed away below.
swerveor defensive header fell to the dangerous Routledge on the left and the winger cut inside before unleashing a fierce swerving drive.
Paraguay has used unfair defensive tactics, not only in competitive matches, but in friendly games and warm-ups for The World Cup.
tarantula species can kick defensive hairs off the top of the abdomen.
By 1650 it was rendered untenable, the huge defensive lake was drained, and the gatehouse was converted to residential accommodation.
But our defensive frailties again reared their heads and Wolves ran out deserved 3-2 victors.
He built temples, canals, defensive fortifications, the gateway of Ishtar, the great ziggurat and the sacred processional way in Babylon.
They are no longer used as an armoury from which opposite sides may draw effective weapons, offensive or defensive; nor on the other hand are they cast aside as the rubbish of an ignorant and superstitious age.
The word has never quite lost this connotation of standing on the defensive and rebutting criticism; e.g.
On purely defensive lines, early apologists rebut charges of cannibalism and sexual promiscuity; the Christians had to meet in secret, and the gossip of a rotten age drew malignant conclusions.
Timby (1819-1909), who in 1843 had filed a caveat for revolving towers for offensive or defensive warfare whether placed on land or water, and to whom the company building the "Monitor" paid $5000 royalty for each turret.
Richard could only stand on the defensive; the keynote of his later policy is given by the building of the famous ChÃ¢teau Gaillard at Les Andelys (1196) to protect the lower courses of the Seine against invasion from the side of France.
The formidable defensive system on which the German Higher Command, apparently with good reasons, relied to hold up the Allied advance until the winter should give pause to active operations and secure for their hard-driven troops and warweary people a little respite from their trials and disillusionments, had been burst into fragments, and there was left for German arms no further resource for staving off disaster.
The archaeological researches of the past fifty years have shown that such artificial constructions in lakes were used as defensive dwellings by the Celtic people from an early period to medieval times (see Crannog).
Unhappily the insolence which, while it was defensive, was pardonable, and in some sense respectable, accompanied him into societies where he was treated with courtesy and kindness.
Kadesh, however, was not captured, and after further contests, in his twenty-first year Rameses and the Hittite king Khattusil (Kheta-sar) made peace, with a defensive alliance against foreign aggression and internal revolt (see HITTITES).
The odds against the prince were far heavier than those of Crecy, but by taking up a strong position and using the national tactics which combined the use of archery and dismounted men-atarms, the younger Edward not merely beat off his assailants in a long defensive fight, but finally charged out upon them, scattered them, and took King John prisoner (Sept.
Although during the first campaigns (1701-1703) in Italy, in Germany and in the Netherlands success was equally balanced, the successors of Villarsthanks to the treason of the duke of Savoywere defeated at HÃƒ¶chstadt and Landau, and were reduced to the defensive (1704).
Large enough to have been part of the springing of a defensive timber rampart across the entrance of the gate !
Again, there may be legitimate reasons to reroute a call; it might be a defensive measure against a known attack.
Meanwhile, his former defensive partner at Elland Road is riling the good people at Old Trafford by refusing to ink an extended deal.
Agreeing to defend each other, David and Alan use the roundhouse as a defensive base against the Captain 's attack, who surrenders.
Rushden boss Brian Talbot has a defensive headache for the season opener against Swansea at Vetch Field.
A poor defensive header fell to the dangerous Routledge on the left and the winger cut inside before unleashing a fierce swerving drive.
Several tarantula species can kick defensive hairs off the top of the abdomen.
The temptation may be high to let the irresponsible coworker know just how irritating his or her lack of reliability is but lashing out will make a negligent coworker even more defensive.
If their arms are crossed, this usually means they are feeling defensive.
Insulting your loved one or using tough love is not beneficial at this time because it will only make him or her defensive and resist your requests.
The person will most likely become defensive and resist treatment.
Furthermore, if the person becomes defensive about showing you the proof, at least you have given him/her a heads up that you are on to the lies.
It's typical for arms to be crossed and posture to be defensive.
Initial reports also state that one of the victims had defensive wounds on their body in an attempt to fend off their attacker.
With a strong desire to play college ball, Johnson attended open tryouts and won the position of defensive tackle for the University of Miami Hurricanes as a walk on.
Though the majority of college students conduct themselves responsibly enough at any social occasion, it's always wise to be on the defensive and watch out for others as well.
Safe, defensive driving is the best thing drivers can do to minimize winter driving hazards.
There are many different levels of self defense, from taking martial arts classes, to home protection methods, to basic defensive techniques that can help you get away from an attacker.
Because of this, it can be important to know some basic martial arts defensive moves.
He can control sand and even create more sand if it's needed and use it for offensive or defensive moves.Gaara has unusually light blue eyes with no visible pupil.
Play a defensive or aggressive strategy.
For instance, the Cleric is good with melee combat, can wear any armor and has access to many defensive spells.
Wide receivers can change their lines to better effectively catch the ball; runners can juke and spin around defensive mean without a problem.
You pick a rookie offensive star and a veteran defensive star that will be the main characters in your story.
Some argue that this game lacks strategy, but in reality, formulating an offensive or defensive attack plan and deciding which weapons to use and which field to battle help make Chaos Field more than just a simple button-masher.
The simulated game featured a strong defensive efford from the Steelers that resulted in four quarterback sacks (look out, Matt Hasselbeck) and limited one of the Seahawks' top runners to just 70 yards rushing.
On defense, the game player controls one of the defensive players at the snap, and can switch players with the press of a button.
Once the ball is snapped, the button that switches players will intelligently switch the human control to the defensive player nearest the ball.
The defensive backs act more realistically when covering a pass and receivers perform to their true catching stats and don't drop the ball 9 times out of 10.
You get to throw against coverage, but no defensive line.
Choosing plays, passing, catching and crashing through the defensive line became the bread and butter of sports games.
The former gives all your players a temporary boost in abilities, so runningbacks run faster, wide receivers catch better, and defensive players are more likely to be able to strip the ball.
This defensive maneuver takes its toll in their immediate lives and can lead to further pathological development.
Although development tests often are used to reassure parents that their child is normal, many parents may feel anxious or defensive when told that their child should be tested.
The original, native Rumba is extremely sexual, as it is danced very quickly with strong hip movements and a sexually aggressive persona for the man and a defensive nature for the woman.
During an Elle magazine interview in 2005, J.Lo reportedly grew defensive when asked how she felt about Ben Affleck's baby with Jennifer Garner.
Finally, in 1909 the Citadel was torn down and Alcatraz's defensive military role ceased.
The game offers limited defensive options which allows single player games to be as fun as play with a second player.
A single 9-inning game can last nearly an hour and consists of rolling dice and takes many factors into play including speed and defensive skills of the players.
Don't take any of the questions too seriously: there's nothing more repellent than a person who gets defensive about something that was meant to be funny.
Then when you call him on the carpet, he gets defensive which can look like anger.
I feel as if she's not happy with me for some reason and every time I try to talk to her about it, she becomes defensive and upset (talking with her about anything she's hurting with is usually a touchy subject).
When I asked to use his computer to pay bills he got automatically defensive.
How do I approach him without putting him on the defensive?
In turn, if you accept his vice and set some limits when the two of you are living together, my guess is he will be more than willing to hear what you have to say without getting defensive.
When both sexes are defensive, some of the similarities in body language include folding their arms in front of their chest, standing straight up versus in a relaxed stance, and creating a greater distance in personal space.
Some cheating men will become defensive and tell you that you are being paranoid.
People who are nervous about being caught lying may become defensive if you question them.
He may get very defensive when you bring up the subject of infidelity, even accusing you of cheating.
If your partner's response sounds reasonable and he/she is not defensive about it, he/she was probably just busy.
Many people who are having an affair are in constant alert about clues they give off that could get them caught, so they become defensive if someone questions their whereabouts.
If a man is speaking loudly about how much he makes, it may seem overcompensating - defensive, even.
If you can't trust him or he seems disrespectful or defensive even after you've discovered his cheating ways, end the relationship.
His ability to plan defensive strategies is legendary.
If truly threatened, he becomes angry and defensive.
Some researchers speculate that it is a defensive mechanism similar to the odor emitted by skunks.
During one particular game, the defensive end rushed to make a move.
In fact, his football prowess led him to a defensive linesman position in the region's annual high school All Star Hall of Fame Game.
Some butterflies have developed a particularly interesting defensive mechanism.
After years of dealing with confused customers who cannot understand why its costs money to make changes, nor haven't any clue as to what is involved the in the process, printers tend to become a little defensive.
GMAC Insurance create one of the highest quality driving games called the "Defensive Driving Game."
Both offensive and defensive cheers, as well as chants for individual players will keep your squad busy and full of school spirit.
When the football team is playing defense, you'll want a nice collection of really strong defensive football sideline cheers to encourage the players to block any moves by the other team or even take back control of the ball.
There are many well known defensive cheers, which can be found on this site.
Journalists referred to the defensive linemen as the "Red Elephants", and thus a tradition was born.
This type of defensive cleaning also requires a little organization because the big cleaning supplies don't need to come out for every mess and rather than letting the mess accumulate, the dirt, like clutter, is eliminated early.
Football athletes must prepare themselves to press through offensive and defensive linemen, barrel down the field, and take or give hard tackles.
You can create a defensive "wall" in front of the cochonnet to prevent your opponent from rolling their boule to get the point.
Taking a driver's education or defensive driving course.
In fact, if you are over fifty years of age, a defensive driving course can significantly reduce your car insurance rates.
If your driving record is not quite so pristine, you may be able to take a defensive driving course to reduce costs as much as 15 percent or more.
Successfully completing an approved defensive driving course can help a high risk driver demonstrate that he or she is less likely to be involved in an accident.
Niki is a fierce competitor and plays the tough position of Defensive Lineman (or defensive linewoman).
Well, the LFL doesn't require much at tryouts but they do expect you to be fit, as you will run a few offensive and defensive drills, and they also expect you to know how to pass and catch a football.
There may not be special teams, offensive or defensive line coaches, rookies of the year or anything else like that, but the ladies in the LFL come to play and come to win for every single game.
Established in an underground facility in Cheyenne Mountain, Stargate Command is a secret military base with a mission to explore other planets, make contact with humans and other races, and conduct a defensive war against the Goa'uld.
His father was a hero in the Spung War, fought approximately eleven years ago, and this fact (plus the fact that his father is now deceased), has made Harlan both (over)confident in his own abilities and more than a little defensive.
Defensive upgrades include a few hundred kinetic energy turrets and a few prized nukes.
Harry takes on the role of unofficial defense against dark arts teacher when Dolores Umbridge, a Ministry of Magic appointee to the post of Hogwarts High Inquisitor, forbids the students to use defensive magic.
This proposal broke on the refusal of the peror Francis Joseph to cede Austrian territory except as the lIt of a struggle; and Napoleon, won over by Biswarck at famous interview at Biarritz, once more took.up the ides of Prusso-Italian offensive and defensive alliance.
Now as our own bodies thus manipulate substances poisonous and antidotal, if in every hour of health we are averting selfintoxication, so likewise are we concerned with the various intruding organisms, whose processes of digestion are as dangerous as our own; if these destructive agents, which no doubt are incessantly gaining admission to our bodies, do not meet within us each its appropriate compensatory defensive agent, dissolution will begin.
The decline of the imperial power and the growing opposition between the towns and the territorial princes justified these defensive town alliances, which in South Germany took on a peculiarly political character.
Under pressure from Treaty of England and France the Egyptians retreated and the Unklar- Russian forces were withdrawn, but the tsar had mean- Skelessl, while (July 8, 1833) concluded with the sultan the 1833' treaty of Unkiar-Skelessi, which constituted ostensibly a defensive and offensive alliance between the two Powers and established virtually a Russian protectorate over Turkey.
In 1864 the ambitious dictator of Paraguay, Francisco Solano Lopez, without previous declaration of war, captured a Brazilian vessel in the Paraguay, and rapidly followed up this outrage by an armed invasion of the provinces of Matto Grosso and Rio Grande in Brazil, and that of Corrientes in the Argentine Republic. A triple alliance of the invaded states with Uruguay ensued, and the tide of war was soon turned from b