How to use Deductions in a sentence
Much of the Principia consists of synthetical deductions from definitions and axioms. But the discovery of the centripetal force of the planets to the sun is an analytic deduction from the facts of their motion discovered by Kepler to their real ground, and is so stated by Newton in the first regressive order of Aristotle - P-M, S-P, S-M.
Together with the Discorsi, the Principe contains the speculative fruits of his experience and observation combined with his deductions from Roman history.
In 1871 the late Professor Rankine, F.R.S., whose remarkable perception of the practical fitness or unfitness of purely theoretical deductions gives his writings exceptional value, received from Major Tulloch, R.E., on behalf of the municipality of Bombay, a request to consider the subject generally, and with special reference to very high dams, such as have since been constructed in India.
Oh yes, he had overheard her conversation with Allen earlier and made his own deductions.
Combustion is a familiar example of the transformation of chemical energy into heat and light; the quantitative measures of heat evolution or absorption (heat of combustion or combination), and the deductions therefrom, are treated in the article Thermochemistry.Advertisement
No deductions as to their chronology can be based on the silence regarding them in Moses' song, Exodus xv.
Kant's point is ignored, that deductions from these " imaginary " figures apply to the " real " world of experience.
The critical investigation of these records is the indispensable prelude to all serious biblical study, and hasty or sweeping deductions from monumental or archaeological evidence, or versions compiled promiscuously from materials of distinct origin, are alike hazardous.
Further, Reid is inclined to state his principles dogmatically rather than as logical deductions.
But he was no merely destructive critic. He was determined to find a solid foundation for both morality and law, and to raise upon it an edifice, no stone of which should be laid except in accordance with the deductions of the severest logic. This foundation is "the greatest happiness of the greatest number," a formula adopted from Priestly or perhaps first from Beccaria.Advertisement
These relations have been more thoroughly tested in the case of organic compounds, and the results obtained agree in some measure with the deductions from molecular volumes.
In pure mathematics the hypotheses which a set of entities are to satisfy are given, and a group of interesting deductions are sought.
In "applied mathematics" the "deductions" are given in the shape of the experimental evidence of natural science, and the hypotheses from which the "deductions" can be deduced are sought.
For its privileges the regie has to pay a rent of £T750,000 per annum to the government (assigned to bondholders), " even if it has no revenues at all," and after the payment of a dividend of 8% to its shareholders, and certain other deductions, it has to share profits with the government and the bondholders according to a sliding scale agreed upon between the three parties.
The bonds are secured on the surplus of the revenues assigned to the guarantee of the Anatolian railway collected by the Public Debt Administration, on the excess revenue, after certain deductions, accruing to the government under the " Annex-Decree to the Decree of Muharrem " above described, on the sheep tax of the vilayets of Koniah, Adana and Aleppo, and on the railway itself.Advertisement
Messerschmidt, editor of the best collection of Hittite texts up to date, made a tabula rasa of all systems of decipherment, asserting that only one sign out of two hundred the bisected oval, determinative of divinity - had been interpreted with any certainty; and in view of this opinion, coupled with the steady refusal of historians to apply the results of any Hittite decipherment, and the obvious lack of satisfactory verification, without which the piling of hypothesis on hypothesis may only lead further from probability, there is no choice but to suspend judgment for some time longer as to the inscriptions and all deductions drawn from them.
The philosophic principles and religious deductions of Dean Mansel he disliked as much as those of Newman, but he respected his arguments more.
In associating St Pelagia with St Marina, St Margaret, and others, of whom either the name or the legend recalls Pelagia, Hermann Usener has endeavoured to show by a series of subtle deductions that this saint is only a Christian travesty of Aphrodite.
Some of these are doubtless such as no botanist, with adequate material for forming an opinion, would accept; but, after making the necessary deductions for actual mistakes and misstatements, there still remains a large number upon which legitimate differences of opinion prevail.
The arrangement of the isotherms thus affords a basis for valuable deductions as to the direction of ocean currents.Advertisement
In hydrostatics, for instance, we define a fluid by means of one of its known properties, and from this definition we make the system of deductions which constitutes the science of hydrostatics.
Over against these sweeping assumptions and deductions, the Roman Catholic Church had to build up its own statement of the basis of belief.
One of the chief deductions is that there are special dangers in numerical diminution of herds, which may arise from a chief or original cause and be followed by a conspiracy of other causes which are cumulative in effect.
Not only did Schelling and Schleiermacher modify their theories in deference to his scientific deductions, but the intellectual life of his contemporaries was considerably affected.
Yet when we compare Hume with Adam Smith, the advance which Hume had made on his predecessors in lucidity of exposition and subtlety of intellect becomes clear, and modern criticism is agreed that the main errors of Adam Smith are to be found in those deductions which deviate from the results of the Political Discourses.Advertisement
Still, after making all deductions, it is plain that the man who accomplished so much, and kept the whole world so occupied, as Justinian did during the thirty-eight years of his reign, must have possessed no common abilities.
When Alexandra came to the throne the Pharisees were the real rulers and imposed upon the people the deductions from the written Law which formed the growing body of their oral tradition.
It is, however, not possible to make reliable deductions from these figures taken by themselves.
The theoretical deductions which he drew from the consideration of these bodies were even more interesting and important than the bodies themselves.
Some empiricists, on the other hand, suppose that induction only infers probable conclusions which are premises of probable deductions; but they give up all exact science.
It teaches us that scientific method is sometimes induction, sometimes deduction, and sometimes the consilience of both, either by the inductive verification of previous deductions, or by the deductive explanation of previous inductions.
It is remarkable that in Barbara, and therefore in many scientific deductions, to think the quantity of the predicate is not to the point either in the premises or in the conclusion; so that to quantify the propositions, as Hamilton proposes, would be to express more than a rational man thinks and judges.
In the same way, to infer a machine from hearing the regular tick of a clock, to infer a player from finding a pack of cards arranged in suits, to infer a human origin of stone implements, and all such inferences from patent effects to latent causes, though they appear to Jevons to be typical inductions, are really deductions which, besides the minor premise stating the particular effects, require a major premise discovered by a previous induction and stating the general kind of effects of a general kind of cause.
To the census question about 17,000 answers were received, and after making all deductions it appeared that death coincidences numbered about 30 in 1300 cases of recognized apparitions; or about i in 43, whereas if chance alone operated the coincidences would have been in the proportion of I to 19,000.
Deductions as above under clause B, except that one-sixth be deducted off ironwork of masts and spars, and machinery (inclusive of boilers and their mountings) .
Deductions as above under clause C, except that one-third be deducted off ironwork of masts and spars, repairs to and renewal of all machinery (inclusive of boilers and their mountings), and all hawsers, ropes, sheets and rigging.
The deductions (except as to provisions and stores, machinery and boilers) to be regulated by the age of the ship, arid not the age of the particular part of her to which they apply.
The unscrupulous rigour with which he applied his scientific method, and the sinister deductions he thought himself justified in drawing from the results it yielded, excited terror and repulsion.
These he arranged and stated clearly in the form of aphorisms, with logical deductions, establishing them by proofs drawn from the archives of the council of state.
Monstrosities at least demonstrate possible lines of development, but when the abnormal forms of growth in various directions are fairly evenly balanced, trustworthy deductions become difficult.
The payers of income tax, unfortunately, are not one class but many, and although the rate of duty is the same, the definition of income seems imperfect, so that many pay on a much larger assessment of income than seems fair in comparison with other incomes of nominally the same amount, but really of much greater value when all deductions from the gross sum are fairly reckoned.
The undulatory theory of light, first founded upon experimental demonstration by Thomas Young, was extended to a large class of optical phenomena, and permanently established by his brilliant discoveries and mathematical deductions.
The second volume was chiefly by Enfantin, who along with Bazard stood at the head of the society, but who was superior in metaphysical power, and was prone to push his deductions to extremities.
Under the general idea of law, defined as an " ordinance of reason for the common good, promulgated by him win has charge of the community," Thomas distinguishes (1) the eternal law or regulative reason of God which embraces all his creatures, rational and irrational; (2) " natural law," being that part of the eternal law that relates to rational creatures as such; (3) human law, which properly consists of more particular deductions from natural law particularized and adapted to the varying circumstances of actual communities; (4) divine law specially revealed to man.
The rules of this law must be either deductions from principles of natural law, or determinations of particulars which it leaves indeterminate; a rule contrary to nature could not be valid as law at all.
Account deductions or doing that required apply when insurance one-on-one California insurance auto auction meetings to.
In certain cases, we recommend making itemized deductions which can reduce your taxable income.
They are also protected from unlawful deductions from their salary.
These are allowable tax deductions provided there is no element of improvement in the repair.
Maximum benefit is 100% of the eligible rent (less any non-dependent deductions ).
Yes The law protects individuals from having unauthorized deductions made from their wages, including complete non-payment.
By making deductions from convergence we can reveal otherwise unsuspected possibilities.
Thereafter there occur vague references to Chryse in the Periplus of the Erythrean Sea, &c., but the earliest trace of anything resembling first-hand knowledge concerning the peninsula of Indo-China and Malaya is revealed in the writings of Ptolemy, whose views were mainly derived from those of his predecessor Marinus of Tyre, who in his turn drew his deductions from information supplied to him by the mariner Alexander who, there is every reason to think, had himself voyaged to the Malay Peninsula and beyond.
The evolution of the notion of elements is treated under Element; the molecular hypothesis of matter under Molecule; and the genesis of, and deductions from, the atomic theory of Dalton receive detailed analysis in the article Atom.
Hertz, have transformed applied mathematics by systematically basing their deductions upon the Law of the conservation of energy, and the hypothesis of an ether pervading space.
Duties on profession (temettu) consist (a) of a fixed duty leviable at rates declared in a schedule forming part of the special law (Dec. 8, 1907) regulating the tax, and (b) of a proportional duty at the rate of 3% on the value of buildings occupied by companies or individuals in the prosecution of their business; of 3% on salaries (subject to certain deductions) of employes of such companies and individuals; and on government contractors and revenue farmers, at the rate of 3% of 10% of the value of contracts filled and of revenues farmed.
For such purely abstract purposes, the possibility of numerical evaluation of the function is of secondary importance, and it is often possible to make qualitative deductions with regard to the general nature of a transformation without any knowledge of the actual form of the function.
But with all necessary deductions the biography is valuable as witnessing to the immense reputation for sanctity and for theological acumen which Ephraim had gained in his lifetime, or at least soon after he died.
The attitude itself is as old as Scepticism; but the expressions "agnostic" and "agnosticism" were applied by Huxley to sum up his deductions from those contemporary developments of metaphysics with which the names of Hamilton ("the Unconditioned") and Herbert Spencer ("the Unknowable") were associated; and it is important, therefore, to fix precisely his own intellectual standpoint in the matter.
Natasha and Pierre, left alone, also began to talk as only a husband and wife can talk, that is, with extraordinary clearness and rapidity, understanding and expressing each other's thoughts in ways contrary to all rules of logic, without premises, deductions, or conclusions, and in a quite peculiar way.
The terms for its return and any deductions to be made from it are specified in clause 16 below.
The amount of tax you need to pay will vary depending on your other tax factors, like your filing status and deductions.
They can't take away any of your possessions or make deductions from your paycheck.
For instance, if your monthly income is $3,000 (after tax deductions), and your expenses total $2,500, then you have $500 in excess each month.
In addition to the items listed above, "Hardship Deductions" may be made from gross income.
To make sure that any alimony payments are eligible as tax deductions under an alimony definition, consult a financial advisor or tax accountant.
The net income for the paying parent and the recipient is calculated by deducting the allowable deductions from each party's gross income.
Donations often qualify for tax deductions, so be sure to ask for a receipt when you donate or recycle your cellphone.
Often, they are also experts in finding government grants or tax deductions that will make any improvements or modifications less costly overall.
Some grant programs require applicants to submit tax returns or provide information about gross income and itemized deductions.
Since 1990, Canadian workers have paid into this fund through deductions from their employment paychecks.
For about the cost of a rent payment, you can enjoy tax deductions and home ownership.
You may find that your insurer is not only quite pleased to offer this option, but they may give you a discount for automatic deductions from a bank account.
For instance, personal loans generally feature higher interest rates and are typically not subject to tax deductions.
Other states may offer special tax deductions for first-time homebuyers.
The MAGI is your Adjusted Gross Income plus any deductions you might be taking on your tax return for student loans, higher education costs, IRA contributions or foreign housing.
The MAGI is a taxpayer's adjusted gross income plus the amount of any tax deductions such as IRA contributions, student-loans and college costs.
Be sure to consult your tax professional to see what deductions you might be able to take on your tax return.
This means that if you make the payments for someone else, you are not eligible to claim the interest paid as deductions on your taxes.
Set up automatic deductions and put reminders on your calendar to be sure your payments get there on time.
As your candle business grows, you will also need to find out about things like insurance, liabilities, and tax deductions.
Keep in mind that some charities, such as churches or other religious establishments, are not required to abide by this status and still can offer tax deductions.
Gifts to individuals not affiliated with a non-profit group, such as giving a child money for a house or car payment, or giving money to a person in need are usually not eligible for deductions.
Again, when it comes to tax deductions, the IRS will not recognize any organization that is not 501(c)(3) approved.
Donations made through payroll deductions can also qualify.
Speak to your tax professional to find out if you should use the standard deduction or itemize your deductions to get the best tax advantage.
These items may or may not be tax deductions for you.
Since the 2005 ruling, deductions for cars valued over 500 dollars are limited to the charity's "actual selling price" if the vehicle is going to be sold.
Taking all of the deductions you are entitled to is another way to help save you money.
The food stamp income requirements are based on the federal poverty level, but deductions are allowed for expenses such as dependant care, legally-owed child support payments, and medical care for people who are elderly or disabled.
See IRS for more information and allowable deductions.
Missing legitimate deductions because programs can't offer interactive tax-planning advice is another challenge.
Quicken's home and Business edition for $89.95 provides tools for managing investments, tax deductions, and the creation and tracking of invoices.
You can utilized many small business tax deductions to help minimize your tax bill.
All small business tax deductions are different, and as a small business owner, it is your responsibility to follow the guidelines and requirements related to filing your taxes.
As a business owner, you are likely to incur expenses that will qualify as small business tax deductions.
Some of the trickier business tax deductions should be discussed with a financial advisor.
For best results, consult a professional tax preparer for your first-year filings and to obtain the most deductions available.
Business tax deductions are costs that can be deducted when determining taxable profits.
While there are hundreds of rules and legal precedents about certain kinds of deductions, probably the best test is the informal "laugh out loud rule."
Certain business tax deductions are subject to depreciation.
The IRS specifically disallows deducting personal expenses as business tax deductions.
They are not valid business tax deductions if they would prepare you to start a new career.
Fees paid to a professional, either an individual or a firm, can be business tax deductions.
As with any tax information, this articles is meant to inform you of potential tax deductions and is not tax advice.
Home-based business tax deductions may invoke images of IRS audits and complicated tax forms.
Fear not, as many people now work from home and legitimately claim deductions, saving hundreds to thousands in taxes each year.
Two crucial IRS requirements exist with regards to claiming home-based business tax deductions.
The first of the two IRS requirements for home-based business tax deductions is relatively easy to meet.
If your workspace is a partial area, deductions become more complicated.
Though you should not fear claiming home-based business tax deductions, the burden of proof is something to take into account.
Several tax savings exist for the self-employed, but documenting deductions is somewhat tedious.
Claiming a home office deduction is not a pre-requisite for other business-related tax deductions.
Finally, to qualify for home-based business tax deductions, the deductions cannot exceed your company profits; otherwise the amounts will be reduced or eliminated.
The IRS Web site provides online forms, publications and articles on self-employment and home-based business deductions.
Computing tax on sales of goods is becoming more complicated, especially for online merchants, though tax payers will find it is easier than before to claim sales tax deductions.
To find out how you would fare in sales tax deductions, see the IRS Sales Tax Deduction Calculator.
Note that directions on these forms may be difficult to understand and/or you may need a broader look at the law to ensure that you take all available deductions and get the biggest tax benefit possible.
Many so called "professionals" who offer tax advice are really just seasonal workers who may not have the skills necessary to help you get all the deductions and benefits you deserve, so be sure to choose a reputable tax preparer.
Keeping track of business tax deductions is something that every small business owner should do, as well as other professionals who have business expenses that are not reimbursed by their employers.
The list of possible deductions can be quite extensive based on what type of work you do.
Educational expenses are not valid business tax deductions if they would prepare you to start a new career.
This is not an all-inclusive list of business-related tax deductions and this article refers to the United States only.
As with any tax information, this article is meant to inform you of potential tax deductions and is not tax advice.
Consult with an accountant to find out what deductions apply to your specific business situation.
There are tutorials, great information for small business deductions and a variety of other resources.
Those are legitimate business expenses that you can use as deductions at tax time.
The IRS requires taxpayers to file schedules to explain other types of income, such as a schedule C for business deductions.
Both of these expenses are deductions from the gross income, but they are recorded separately.
American Fidelity frequently markets directly to employers and has been encouraging automatic insurance premium deductions from paychecks long before other insurance companies consider this a mainstream way to obtain insurance premiums.
Additionally, most versions optionally probe you with questions to maximize deductions, though this process can be conveniently skipped.
Turbo Tax Home and Business offers the ability to maximize your deductions and properly fill out the IRS Schedule C form for doing so.
This offers more ways to save on your taxes with potentially unconsidered deductions.
Turbo Tax costs more than most competing products but offers ease-of-use and robust features for preparing your taxes and maximizing deductions.
Deductions and credits both reduce tax liability, but a taxpayer is entitled to a refund for any deductions surpassing a zero tax liability, not for any credits surpassing a zero tax liability.
There is, however, no minimum earning amount to claim credits or deductions.
Every statement, including credits and deductions, on your tax return should be supportable through documentation.
Make a simple note on receipts for claims and deductions of which category you believe they fall into that makes them available to you.
Although you're trying only to estimate your return, it's important that you research the IRS rules for credits and deductions to ensure that you're entitled to them.
The IRS website provides specific values for credits and deductions.
Researching the specific rules for credits and deductions will guide you not only in whether you can claim it, but also how much you can claim.
Your income after subtracting deductions and credits is what the IRS taxes.
These programs help you by listing the most common deductions and credits.
However, they may not provide as exact as an estimate as you would like because they do not accommodate all potential deductions and credits.
After identifying whether you will claim the standard deduction or itemize your deductions, it calculates the total amount of tax you will owe for the year.
The Internal Revenue Service's (IRS) tax deductions reduce the amount of an individual's taxable income.
By claiming these deductions on their return, taxpayers reduce the base amount of money that the IRS taxes, thereby reducing their tax liability.
Itemized deductions are expenses that can be legally subtracted from the taxpayer's income because the IRS has recognized them as deductible.
These deductions are listed individually, added together and their total amount subtracted from the taxpayer's income.
The specific rules regarding itemized deductions are listed in IRS Publication 17, the instructions for completing Form 1040 and Tax Topics 551 and 501.
Although there are many different categories of these deductions, the most widely claimed ones are interest and state tax payments, education costs, medical expenses and charitable donations.
The IRS limits the amount of these deductions to 7.5 percent of the taxpayer's annual gross income.
Allowable deductions include co-payments and health insurance premium costs.
The first step in claiming deductions is to determine whether you should take the standard amount or itemize them.
Despite the hundreds of deductions that are offered by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), there are some tax deductions that are used more than others.
Each of these deductions has different rules and may not be available to all taxpayers.
Deductions are subtracted before the taxpayer determines the total amount of income that the IRS can tax, reducing the total amount.
Because deductions apply before the taxpayer determines how much of their income is taxable, they are sometimes referred to as being "above the line."
Taxpayers can generally claim as many deductions as are available to them.
The specific rules for tax deductions are contained in IRS Tax Topic 500, titled "Itemized Deductions," and Tax Topic 551, titled "Standard Deduction."
Check these publications to determine how to properly claim your deductions on your applicable tax form.
Alternatively, taxpayers can list the types and value of each of their deductions separately on their tax form.
One of the most common tax deductions is for donations of clothing to 501(c)3 or other recognized charities.
The IRS allows deductions for home improvements - not home repairs - undertaken for medical purposes.
There is no maximum amount applicable to these deductions.
To ensure that you claim the proper type and amount of deductions on your return, make a list of all the deductions you believe you can claim.
In this section you subtract the amount of any deductions you are eligible to claim.
Add the total amount of deductions together and subtract it from your total income contained in line 22.
This section is also where you claim either the standard deduction or itemize your deductions.
Itemizing requires that you complete Schedule A, titled "Itemized Deductions".
The Schedule lists the most common types of itemized deductions, including taxes paid, medical expenses and interest payments.
The IRS does not allow homeowners any other tax credits or any deductions merely because they own a home.
You must itemize any deductions you claim for owning a home.
Each year, you can save hundreds (if not more) of dollars on your taxes by claiming deductions.
There are many different types of deductions, but they fall within the main categories of charitable, home improvements, business and previously paid taxes.
Office supplies, the percentage of space you use as an office in your home and a portion of your utilities are a just a few of the deductions available to you.
The rules regarding how much of a business expense you can deduct differ for each type; check the IRS rules on Business Deductions before completing or filing your return.
Similarly, previously made interest payments can also be deductions.
Sure you can claim several of the aforementioned deductions, but you might not want to do so without documentation proving your eligibility to them.
While audits of personal returns are rare, they are not impossible, and without documentation of your deductions, you'll be hard-pressed to prove that you legally claimed one.
Review your previous year's records to identify any possible deductions.
Review the IRS rules for the specific types of deductions you may claim.
By claiming deductions you'll likely reduce the total amount of tax liability you owe.
These volunteers review a taxpayer's income and any paperwork concerning their credits and deductions.
Volunteers are trained by the IRS, and have special knowledge of military-specific tax credits and deductions.
When tax time comes around, these businesses often need to be fairly creative to come up with fair deductions to reduce their tax burden.
But Buffier does not claim for these truths of "common sense" the absolute certainty which characterizes the knowledge we have of our own existence or the logical deductions we make from our thoughts; they possess merely the highest probability, and the man who rejects them is to be considered a fool, though he is not guilty of a contradiction.
Arbitrators report on deliveries and award allowances on those of grades above " middling " and deductions of price from those below.
Pouqueville, who spent no less than ten years as French General Consul at Iannina, had special facilities for obtaining firsthand information and although his observations and deductions seemed at times somewhat suspect to the British they were later recognized as being truest to the realities of the epoch.
It needs no critical exertion to reduce utterly to dust any deductions drawn from history.