Decomposes sentence example

decomposes
  • It slowly decomposes on exposure or on heating.

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  • Water decomposes it violently with formation of hydrochloric and sulphurous acids.

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  • Water decomposes it into hydrochloric and sulphurous acids.

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  • It also burns when heated in a current of steam, which it decomposes with the liberation of hydrogen and the formation of magnesia.

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  • It is unstable at ordinary temperatures and rapidly decomposes into its generators on warming.

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  • Its aqueous solution gradually decomposes with evolution of oxygen, behaves as a strong oxidant, and liberates iodine from potassium iodide.

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  • This salt, on standing, decomposes into barium dithionate, BaS206, and diethyl disulphide, (C2H5)2S2, which points to the presence of the SH group in the molecule.

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  • It is only stable in dilute aqueous solution, for on concentration the acid decomposes with formation of sulphuric acid, sulphur dioxide and sulphur.

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  • A higher temperature decomposes this body into carbon dioxide and itaconic acid, C 5 H 6 0 4, which, again, by the expulsion of a molecule of water, yields citraconic anhydride, C 5 H 4 0 3.

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  • It is a strong acid, and dissolved in water decomposes carbonates and attacks iron and zinc.

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  • It is insoluble in acids and decomposes when heated to a sufficiently high temperature.

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  • On fusion with caustic potash it decomposes with formation of tetrahydroxy-benzophenone, which then breaks up into resorcin and hydroquinone.

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  • This artifice is specially valuable when the substance decomposes or volatilizes in a warm current of carbon dioxide.

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  • It sublimes, but on rapid heating decomposes into carbon dioxide and phenol.

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  • When heated in air for many hours it decomposes, yielding carbon dioxide, phenol and xanthone.

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  • It decomposes slowly on standing, yielding water and nitrous oxide.

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  • Boiling with dilute mineral acids, or baryta water, decomposes albumins into carbon dioxide, ammonia and fatty aminoand other acids.

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  • Thus the hydroxyl mentioned above decomposes into water and oxygen, and the chlorine produced by the electrolysis of a chloride may attack the metal of the anode.

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  • There is present in the seeds an enzyme which rapidly decomposes the oil if the seeds are crushed and kept, setting free a fatty acid and glycerin.

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  • With water it forms a hydrate, and ultimately decomposes into lead dioxide and hydrochloric acid.

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  • Alcoholic potash decomposes it into piperidine, C5H,1N, and piperic acid, C 12 H 10 O 4.

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  • It decomposes ammonia at a red heat, liberating hydrogen and yielding a compound containing silicon and nitrogen.

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  • It decomposes solutions of silver nitrate and copper sulphate.

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  • The solution on evaporation deposits a hydrated form, H 2 SiF 6.2H 2 O, which decomposes when heated.

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  • The anhydrous acid is not known, since on evaporating the aqueous solution it gradually decomposes into silicon fluoride and hydrofluoric acid.

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  • Water decomposes it into hydrochloric and silicic acids.

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  • It decomposes water at ordinary temperature with evolution of hydrogen but without production of silicon hydride, whilst cold hydrochloric acid attacks it vigorously with evolution of hydrogen and spontaneously inflammable silicon hydride.

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  • The ultimate chlorination product of copper, CuC1 2, when heated to redness, decomposes into the lower chloride, CuCI, and chlorine.

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  • At a red heat it evolves oxygen with the formation of potassium nitrite, which, in turn, decomposes at a higher temperature.

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  • Titanium dichloride, TiC1 21 obtained by passing hydrogen over the trichloride at a dull red heat, is a very hygroscopic brown powder which inflames when exposed to air, and energetically decomposes water.

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  • It is a white solid, which readily decomposes water in the cold and behaves as a strong reducing agent.

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  • It is a white solid, which combines with gaseous ammonia to form SrC1 2.8NH 3, and when heated in superheated steam it decomposes with evolution of hydrochloric acid.

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  • Phosphorus pentachloride decomposes it into carbon monoxide and dioxide, the reaction being the one generally applied for the purpose of preparing phosphorus oxychloride.

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  • The silver salt decomposes with explosive violence, leaving a residue of the metal.

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  • Water decomposes it into gold and auric chloride.

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  • Aurous iodide, Aul, is a light-yellow, sparingly soluble powder obtained, together with free iodine, by adding potassium iodide to auric chloride; auric iodide, Au13, is formed as a dark-green powder at the same time, but it readily decomposes to aurous iodide and iodine.

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  • Treated with sodammonium it yields a bluish-black mass, BiNa 3, which takes fire in the air and decomposes water.

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  • Water decomposes it to metallic bismuth and the oxychloride, BiOC1.

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  • Water decomposes it, giving a basic salt, Bi 2 (SO 4)(OH) i which on heating gives (BiO) 2 SO 4.

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  • It is soluble in water, the solution gradually decomposing with deposition of tellurium; it also decomposes on exposure to light.

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  • They found that if liquid acetylene in a steel bottle be heated at one point by a platinum wire raised to a red heat, the whole mass decomposes and gives rise to such tremendous pressures that no cylinder would be able to withstand them.

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  • It is insoluble in acids and exists in several hydrated forms. The osmiates, corresponding to the unknown trioxide 0503, are red or green coloured salts; the solutions are only stable in the presence of excess of caustic alkali; on boiling an aqueous solution of the potassium salt it decomposes readily, forming a black precipitate of osmic acid, H20s04.

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  • It is stable in dry air, but in moist air rapidly decomposes.

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  • It is soluble in water, but the dilute solution readily decomposes on standing.

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  • In chemistry the term is given to chemical reactions in which a substance decomposes into two or more substances, and particularly to cases in which associated molecules break down into simpler molecules.

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  • As the current flows it decomposes the liquid and liberates oxygen and hydrogen gases, which escape.

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  • Water decomposes it to give hydrogen free from ammonia and acetylene, i gram yielding about loo ccs.

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  • By the addition of sodium amalgam to a concentrated solution of ammonium chloride, the so-called ammonium amalgam is obtained as a spongy mass which floats on the surface of the liquid; it decomposes readily at ordinary temperatures into ammonia and hydrogen; it does not reduce silver and gold salts, a behaviour which distinguishes it from the amalgams of the alkali metals, and for this reason it is regarded by some chemists as being merely mercury inflated by gaseous ammonia and hydrogen.

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  • It decomposes silicates on being heated with them.

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  • Water decomposes it, giving oxygen and the dioxide.

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  • Under these conditions the lactose decomposes into dark-brown fission products, the fat loses its emulsified condition and separates out as cream which cannot be made to diffuse again even by shaking, and the albuminoids are converted into a form very difficult of digestion.

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  • Water decomposes it violently, with formation of carbon dioxide and hydrochloric acid.

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  • It Is Soluble In Water; The Aqueous Solution Gradually Decomposes On Standing, Forming Carbon Dioxide And Sulphuretted Hydrogen.

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  • On boiling with water it decomposes into quinone and hydroquinone.

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  • The solution is strongly caustic. It turns yellow on exposure to air, absorbing oxygen and carbon dioxide and forming thiosulphate and potassium carbonate and liberating sulphuretted hydrogen, which decomposes into water and sulphur, the latter combining with the monosulphide to form higher salts.

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  • The solution also decomposes on boiling.

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  • It decomposes in moist air, or with water, giving caustic potash and ammonia, in the latter case with considerable evolution of heat.

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  • Potash fusion decomposes it into benzoic and acetic acids.

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  • Strong heating decomposes the majority of the iodides.

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  • It crystallizes in long yellow needles and decomposes readily on heating into the monochloride and chlorine.

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  • It is readily soluble in water, but excess of water decomposes it.

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  • It is a tetrabasic acid, of markedly acid character, and readily decomposes carbonates and acetates.

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  • The hydrated salt loses water on heating, and partially decomposes into hydrochloric acid and magnesium oxychlorides.

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  • Water decomposes it with liberation of ammonia and formation of magnesium hydroxide.

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  • It slowly decomposes in moist air, liberating sulphuretted hydrogen, and with water it gives a yellow solution which becomes colourless on exposure.

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  • On the other hand, if the concrete is rough and porous the sea-water will gradually eat into the heart of the structure, especially in a case like a dam, where the water, being higher on one side than the other, constantly forces its way through the rough material, and decomposes the Portland cement it contains.

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  • The metal in mass is not affected by hot or cold water, the foil is very slowly oxidized, while the amalgam decomposes rapidly.

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  • At elevated temperatures the metal decomposes nearly all other metallic oxides, wherefore it is most serviceable as a metallurgical reagent.

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  • Hantzsch explains the characteristic reactions of the diazonium compounds ky the assumption that an addition compound is first formed, which breaks down with the elimination of the hydride of the acid radical, and the formation of an unstable syn-diazo compound, which, in its turn, decomposes with evolution of nitrogen (Ber., 18 97, 30, p. 2 54 8; 1898, 31, p. 2053).

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  • Concentrated hydrochloric acid decomposes it with formation of C6H 6 N OH HO'N'H chloranilines and elimination of nitrogen, whilst on boiling with sulphuric acid it is converted into aminophenols.

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  • It is a colourless oily liquid of strongly acid reaction; its aqueous solution decomposes on standing and on heating it forms diethyl sulphate and sulphuric acid.

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  • It decomposes cold water slowly, but hot water violently.

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  • It decomposes ammonium salts.

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  • This consists in the use of emetics or the stomach-pump, with lime-water, which decomposes the alkaloid.

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  • It decomposes water at a red heat, liberating hydrogen and being itself converted into the hydrate.

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  • The sulphate decomposes into sulphuric acid and the trioxide on warming with water, and differs from aluminium sulphate in not forming alums.

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  • Dry chlorine gas passed into melted urea decomposes it with formation of cyanuric acid and ammonium chloride, nitrogen and ammonia being simultaneously liberated.

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  • Riegler (ibid., 18 94, 33, p. 49) decomposes urea solutions by means of mercury dissolved in nitric acid, and measures the evolved gas.

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  • It decomposes violently on heating, and explodes in contact with hydrogen, sulphur, phosphorus, &c. It dissolves in water to form a deep red solution which contains permanganic acid, HMnO 4.

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  • This solution is of a deep violetred colour, and is somewhat fluorescent; it decomposes on exposure to light, or when heated.

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  • It completely decomposes hydrogen peroxide in sulphuric acid solution 2KMn04+5H202-I-3H2S04 = K2S04+2MnS04+8H20+502.

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  • This amidoguanidine decomposes on hydrolysis with the formation of semicarbazide, NH 2 CO NH NH 21 which, in its turn, breaks down into carbon dioxide, ammonia and hydrazine.

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  • It decomposes water at a red heat.

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  • It decomposes with explosive violence when heated rapidly.

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  • It oxidizes rapidly on exposure to air, and decomposes cold water very rapidly.

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  • Ammonia does not react with tungsten or the dioxide, but with trioxide at a red heat a substance of the formula W 5 H 6 N 3 0 5 is obtained, which is insoluble in acids and alkalis and on ignition decomposes, evolving nitrogen, hydrogen and ammonia.

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  • Ferrous chloride decomposes the copper oxide and carbonate with the formation of cuprous and cupric chlorides (which remain in solution), and the precipitation of ferrous oxide, carbon dioxide being simultaneously liberated from the carbonate.

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  • Merrill, it decomposes when heated, and gives cupric hydride, CuH 21 as a reddish-brown spongy mass, which turns to a chocolate colour on exposure.

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  • It decomposes when heated to 900; with water it gives nitric oxide and cupric nitrate and nitrite.

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  • It decomposes steam at a red heat, and burns (especially when finely powdered) in chlorine.

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  • On heating in absence of air, it decomposes into the trisulphide and sulphur.

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  • Potassium permanganate decomposes morphine by oxidation, the action being facilitated by the addition of a small quantity of mineral acid to the solution.

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  • In amalgamating without the use of chemicals, finely divided iron, worn from the shoes and dies in the stamp-mill and the pan, decomposes cerargyrite and argentite, and the liberated silver is taken up by the quicksilver; the process is hastened by adding salt.

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  • This salt, insoluble in water but soluble in brine, also acts upon argentite (Ag 2 S-+-Cu 2 C1 2 =2AgC1±-CuS±-Cu) and pyrargyrite (2Ag 3 SbS 3 -I-Cu 2 C12 = 2AgC1 +Ag 2 S +2Ag +2CuS +Sb2S3), and would give with silver sulphide in the presence of quicksilver, the Patioreaction; metallic silver, cupric sulphide, and mercurous chloride (2Ag 2 S+Cu 2 C1 2 +2Hg=4Ag+2CuS+Hg 2 C1 2), but the iron decomposes the quicksilver salt, setting free the quicksilver.

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  • It readily decomposes into silver and oxygen.

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  • It decomposes when strongly heated.

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  • It decomposes water at ordinary temperature, liberating hydrogen and forming lithium hydroxide.

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  • They are decomposed by chlorine, with liberation of bromine and formation of metallic chlorides; concentrated sulphuric acid also decomposes them, with formation of a metallic sulphate and liberation of bromine and sulphur dioxide.

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  • Hydrobromic acid decomposes it according to the equation HBrO, 5HBr=3H20 3Br2.

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  • When finely divided it decomposes water giving hydrogen phosphide; it also reduces sulphurous and sulphuric' acids, and when boiled with water gives phosphine and hypophosphorous acid; when slowly oxidized under water it yields, hypophosphoric acid.

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  • It decomposes when heated, hydrogen and red phosphorus being formed.

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  • It decomposes on heating into phosphine and phosphoric acid.

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  • It decomposes slowly at ordinary temperatures.

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  • It is a white, infusible, very stable solid, which decomposes water on heating, giving ammonia and metaphosphoric acid, whilst alkalis give an analogous reaction.

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  • Carbon decomposes hot strong sulphuric acid on long continued boiling, with the formation of carbon dioxide and sulphur dioxide.

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  • Sedanolic acid readily decomposes into water and its lactone sedanolid, C 12 H 18 0 2, the odorous constituent of celery oil.

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  • Ethane, when heated to this degree, splits up into ethylene and hydrogen, whilst ethylene decomposes to methane and acetylene, and the acetylene at once polymerizes to benzene, styrolene, retene, &c. A portion also condenses, and at the same time loses some hydrogen, becoming naphthalene; and the compounds so formed by interactions amongst themselves build up the remainder of the hydrocarbons present in the coal tar, whilst the organic substances containing oxygen in the coal break down, and cause the formation of the phenols in the tar.

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  • It will be noticed that in the earlier stages the quantity of sulphur impurities is actually increased between the purifiers - in fact, the greater amount of sulphiding procures the ready removal of the carbon disulphide, - but it is the carbon dioxide in the gas that is the disturbing element, inasmuch as it decomposes the combinations of sulphur and calcium; consequently it is a paramount object in this system to prevent this latter impurity finding its way through the first box of the series.

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  • The dinitroso acid slowly decomposes into sulphuretted hydrogen, nitrogen, nitrous oxide, and the heptanitroso acid.

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  • The halogens give ferrous and ferric haloids and carbon monoxide; hydrochloric and hydrobromic acids have no action, but hydriodic decomposes it.

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  • By reacting with a zinc alkyl (methyl or ethyl) on an acid chloride, an addition compound is first formed, which decomposes with water to give a ketone.

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  • This substance dissolves slowly in water, forming arsenic acid; by heating to redness it decomposes into arsenic and oxygen.

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  • The felspar decomposes into kaolin and quartz; its alkalis are for the most part set free and removed in solution, but are partly retained in the white mica which is constantly found in crude china-clays.

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  • On heating strongly, the white solid ammonium chloride, decomposes into a mixture of two colorless gases - ammonia and hydrogen chloride.

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  • Also the temperature range within which austenite decomposes to form ferrite and carbide on cooling.

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  • Bacillus amylobacter usually accompanies the lactic acid organism, and decomposes lactic and other higher acids with formation of butyric acid.

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  • It dissolves readily in water and the aqueous solution decomposes on standing; a dark-brown flocculent precipitate of azulmic acid, C 4 H 5 N 5 0, separating whilst ammonium oxalate, urea and hydrocyanic acid are found in the solution.

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  • It is insoluble in water and unaffected by most reagents, but when heated in a current of steam or boiled for some time with a caustic alkali, slowly decomposes with evolution of ammonia and the formation of boron trioxide or an alkaline borate; it dissolves slowly in hydrofluoric acid.

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  • Again, with the solution of a salt such as sodium chloride, the sodium, which is primarily liberated at the cathode, decomposes the water and evolves hydrogen, while the chlorine may be evolved as such, may dissolve the anode, or may liberate oxygen from the water, according to the nature of the plate and the concentration of the solution.

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  • Aronheim, Ann., 1874, 171, p. 219); and by the action of ortho-xylylene bromide on sodium ethane tetracarboxylic ester, the resulting tetra-hydronaphthalene tetracarboxylic ester being hydrolysed and heated, when it yields hydronaphthalene dicarboxylic acid, the silver salt of which decomposes on distillation into naphthalene and other products (A.

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  • Bark, chips and cocoa hull mulch also breaks down or decomposes over time, adding nutrients to the soil.

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  • Although rubber mulch may go through many treatment processes to remove any residues, many people aren't convinced that the rubber itself won't poison the earth in which it decomposes.

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  • This enzyme decomposes organic matter and uses it as food.

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  • It is a bluish-black powder which at high temperatures decomposes into the metal, dioxide and oxygen.

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  • It decomposes steam at a red heat, and slowly dissolves in dilute hydrochloric and sulphuric acids, but more readily in nitric acid.

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  • Hot concentrated sulphuric acid also decomposes allantoin, with production of ammonia, and carbon monoxide and dioxide.

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  • This body is being continually formed in the yeast cell, and decomposes the sugar which has diffused into the cell.

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  • The Bacterium acidi lacti described by Pasteur decomposes milk sugar into lactic acid.

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  • It reduces many metallic oxides, such as lead monoxide and cupric oxide, and decomposes water at a red heat.

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  • A saturated solution of the gas, in water, is a colourless, oily, strongly fuming liquid which after a time decomposes, with separation of metaboric acid, leaving hydrofluoboric acid HF BF3 in solution.

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  • Long-continued heating with water also decomposes it slowly.

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  • A pentasulphide B2S5 is prepared, in an impure condition, by heating a solution of sulphur in carbon bisulphide with boron iodide, and forms a white crystalline powder which decomposes under the influence of water into sulphur, sulphuretted hydrogen and boric acid.

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  • It decomposes water slowly in the cold, and more rapidly on heating.

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  • It combines with many metals to form sulphides, and also decomposes many metallic salts with consequent production of sulphides, a property which renders it extremely useful in chemical analysis.

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