it was in a decayed condition.
There are ruins of a castle and an old decayed church, which contains some fine Norman work.
2, 4) attributed to this war the decayed state of several cities.
But as Tyre decayed in power the colonies turned more and more to Carthage as their natural parent and protector.
When the empire decayed, the satraps often enjoyed practical independence, especially as it became customary to appoint them also as generals in chief of their army district, contrary to the original rule.
The cat cemetery on the west side of the town consisted of numbers of large brick chambers, crammed with burnt and decayed mummies, many of which had been enclosed in cat-shaped cases of wood and bronze.
from Tewkesbury; the locks from Evesham upward to Stratford (17 m.) are decayed, but the weirs, and mill-dams still higher, afford many navigable reaches to pleasure boats.
If he had ascended the throne he might have regenerated the empire for a while, whereas it utterly decayed under the rule of Artaxerxes II.
Further incursions made by the Danes in 998 and in 1015 under Canute probably resulted in the destruction of the priory, on the site of which a later house was founded in the 12th century as a cell of the Norman abbey of Lysa, and in the decayed condition of Wareham in 1086, when 203 houses were ruined or waste, the result of misfortune, poverty and fire.
south, is a decayed member of the Cinque Port of Dover.
The trees for a considerable period show little sign of unhealthiness, but eventually the stem begins to swell somewhat near the root, and the whole tree gradually goes off as the disease advances; when cut down, the trunk is found to be decayed at the centre, the " rot " usually commencing near the ground.
As public penance finally decayed, and auricular confession took its place, these were superseded by the Summae de Poenitentia, - law-books in the strictest sense.
Some of these present a very elaborate system of defence, but it is evident from the decayed condition of others, as well as of parts of the walls and towers, that they had ceased to be maintained for the purposes of fortification long before the destruction of the city.
In the municipality of Berhampur is included the remnant of the once important, but now utterly decayed city of Cossimbazar.
As the older tombs decayed a fresh city of tombs arose on their ruins.
As the medieval lyric decayed, more and more attention was given to the externals of poetic composition, the form, the number of syllables, the melody; and it was such externals that attracted the interest of these burgher-poets.
When the Seljuk state broke up, and the Osmanli or Ottoman sovereignty arose, Konia decayed, its population dwindled and the splendid early Turkish buildings were suffered to go to ruin.
The soil should be a light and fairly rich compost, comprising about 2 parts loam, I part decayed manure or horse droppings that have been thoroughly sweetened, I part leaf mould and half a part of sand.
It was a flourishing city several miles in circuit when it was destroyed by the Afghans in 1722, but is now a decayed place, with crumbled walls and mouldering towers and a population of barely 15,000.
To repair the ravages of neglect, and, more especially, to restore the decayed churches, Martin at once expended large sums; while, later, he engaged famous artists, like Gentile da Fabriano and Masaccio, and encouraged all forms of art by every means within his power.
At Mataria was a sycamore-tree, the successor of a tree which decayed in 1665, venerated as being that beneath which the Holy Family rested on their flight into Egypt.
They are the only oracles which are not decayed, and there are such answers to the most modern inquiry in them as Delphi and Dodona never gave.
The almshouse established in 1592 by Sir John Hawkins for decayed seamen and shipwrights is still extant, the building having been re-erected in the 19th century; but the fund called the Chatham Chest, originated by Hawkins and Drake in 1588, was incorporated with Greenwich Hospital in 1802.
It gradually decayed, however, and was almost extinguished by the mob in 1789.
Bagdad is, therefore, a decayed city.
With no support from home the settlements seem to have decayed rapidly.
Caligula restored its decayed walls and some of its famous temples (Suetonius, Calig.
1517) the metropolis decayed, but its limits were the same.
This spawn may be obtained from old pastures, or decayed mushroom beds, and is purchased from nurserymen in the form of bricks charged with the mycelium, and technically known as mushroom spawn.
DAMME, a decayed city of Belgium, 5 m.
In the early years of the 20th century the town was much decayed, numerous ruins of castles, palaces and churches indicating its former importance.
A former trade in oil and sealskin has decayed, owing to the smaller number of whales and seals remaining about the islands.
portion of the Mountain Region; and that mica was mined here before any European settlement of the country seems proved by numerous excavations and by huge heaps on which are large oak and chestnut trees, some fallen and decayed.
Since then the manufacture has still further decayed, and the finer kinds are not now made at all except to order.
If a statement of the condition of the property (etat des lieux) has been prepared, the lessee must give it up such as he received it according to the statement, except what has perished or decayed by age or by means of force majeure (Art.
Rosetta is now much decayed.
In the 16th century Hartlepool was less prosperous; in 1523 the haven was said to be ruined, the fortifications decayed.
From then, these towns decayed before the increasing prosperity of the new Arab capitals Basra and Bagdad.
TALGARTH, a decayed market town in Breconshire, South Wales, situated on the Ennig near its junction with the Llynfi (a tributary of the Wye), with a station on the joint line of the Cambrian and Midland companies from Brecon to Three Cocks Junction (22 m.
Elsewhere three types of soil are distinguished - a black soil, of decayed vegetable matter, where the land is under forest, a reddish clay, and a white soil occurring along the shores.
- The Turkish sea-power, already decayed owing to a variety of causes (for the effect of the revolt of the Greek islanders see Greek Independence, War Of), was shattered by the catastrophe of Sinope (1853).
The whaling industry was formerly prolific off the west coast but decayed when the right whale nearly disappeared.
The fishing village of Arnemuiden flourished as a harbour in the 16th century, but decayed owing to the silting up of the sand.
Under Mahommedan rule it has gradually decayed.
Many decayed or ruined cities attest the changes in the river-bed in ancient times; and within our own times the main channel which formerly passed Rajmahal has turned away from it, and left the town high and dry, 7 m.
It is only necessary here to mention one anomalous form, Enoicyla pusilla, in which the mature female is wingless and the larva is terrestrial, living in moss or decayed leaves.
After Vasudeva's reign the power of the Kushans gradually decayed, and they were driven back into the valley of the Indus and N.E.
The alluvial soil, composed of what has been washed from other soils, together with decayed vegetable matter, covers about 6% of the surface of the state and is found in the river bottoms, of greatest extent in that of the Missouri; it varies much in fertility.
The manufacture of thread lace was replaced by silk weaving about 1750, but this has decayed.
The trade of the town, however, is decayed.
Over the whole basin this deposit, to a depth of I or 2 ft., is coloured black by decayed vegetation, and constitutes one of the most fertile tracts on the continent.
At this period a civilization, largely of Hindu origin, had flourished and decayed in Java, where, as in all the more important islands, Mahommedanism had afterwards become the dominant creed.
But when, in consequence of the Arab invasion, the monasticism of those countries was cut off from intercourse with the rest of Christendom, it decayed.
All exportation except to England was peremptorily forbidden, and the woollen manufacture soon decayed.
In a few instances, such bodies, probably more than five thousand years old, have been found with skin and hair well preserved though dried and shrunken; usually everything but the bones has decayed.
The fortifications are now decayed.
From a careful series of experiments made in the Horticultural Society's Garden at Chiswick, it was found that where the soil is loamy, or light and slightly enriched with decayed vegetable matter, the apple succeeds best on the doucin stock, and the pear on the quince; and where it is chalky it is preferable to graft the apple on the crab, and the pear on the wild pear.
Thoroughly decayed, it is one of the best of all manures for mixing in composts for florists' flowers and other choice plants.
These beds are covered with a few inches of the fine old mould obtained from the decayed manure of previous years.
Examine the fruit-room and remove all decayed fruit.
When in 1794 Cologne was occupied by the French, it was a poor and decayed city of some 40,000 inhabitants, of whom only 6000 possessed civic rights.
But during the first centuries of the Christian era, this municipal autonomy, by a process which can only be imperfectly traced in detail, decayed.
In the XXIst dynasty the secondary line of priest kings of Thebes upheld his dignity to the best of their power, and the XXIInd dynasty favoured Thebes: but as the sovereignty weakened the division between Upper and Lower Egypt asserted itself, and thereafter Thebes would have rapidly decayed had it not been for the piety of the kings of Ethiopia towards Ammon, whose worship had long prevailed in their country.
In 1511 was completed another famous painting, multitudinous in the number of its figures though of very moderate dimensions, the "Adoration of the Trinity by all the Saints," a subject commissioned for a chapel dedicated to All Saints in an almshouse for decayed tradesmen at Nuremberg, and now at the Imperial Gallery at Vienna.
His works included A Dialogue on Dying Well (1603), a translation from the Italian; Restitution of Decayed Intelligence in Antiquities concerning the English Nation, dedicated to James I.
635, during the reign of Heraclius, Antioch passed into Saracen hands, and decayed apace for more than 300 years; but in 969 it was recovered for Byzantium by Michael Burza and Peter the Eunuch.
A general decline seems thus to be placed beyond doubt, though it may be questioned whether it is to be attributed to a decayed vitality, as some hold, or to external causes, as is the more general opinion.
It is only by actual contact that wet rot affects the surrounding good wood, and if the decayed timber is cut out the remainder of the wood will be found to be unaffected.
"Dry rot," which usually attacks the sap-wood, generally starts in a warm damp unventilated place, and is caused by the growth of fungi, some of which are visible to the naked eye, some microscopic. The spores from the fungi on the decayed wood float in the air and alight on any adjacent timber, infecting this also if the conditions be favourable.
The piles of old London Bridge were of elm, and after six centuries of immersion were but little decayed.
But the empire as a whole stagnated and then decayed rapidly.
After reaching an astonishing height (roughly2500-1500B.C.) these civilizing powers slowly decayed, and we reach the middle of the first millennium B.C. - the age which is associated with the " Deutero - Isaiah " (Isa.
On the other hand, the old indigenous industries of India decayed greatly during the latter part of the 19th century.
In the latter province he found the Greek influence decayed.
The soil, usually of a reddish-brown colour, is for the most part disintegrated lava mixed with decayed vegetation; occasionally there is also a mixture of disintegrated coral limestone.
Silkweaving, formerly an extensive industry, has now almost entirely decayed.
He also had new inns built and decayed ones repaired.
There is an ancient market cross, greatly decayed.
SOMNATH, an ancient decayed city of Kathiawar in the province of Bombay, India.
The seaport towns are more or less decayed; they include Stavoren (820), Hindeloopen (1030), Workum (3428), Harlingen and Makkum (2456).
Wyk-by-Duurstede, originally a Roman settlement, was of some commercial importance as early as the 7th and 8th centuries, but decayed owing to Norman raids in the 10th century.
39): afterwards, when Egypt regained her independence, it decayed, till restored by the second Ptolemy.
He returned to Rome in March, and, by bull of the 1st of September, restored the city's decayed university.
But irritation may be produced by numerous other causes besides this - such as a decayed tooth, diseased bone, local inflammations in which nerves are implicated, by some source of pressure upon a nerve trunk, or by swelling of its sheath in its passage through a bony canal or at its exit upon the surface.
Travelling thence to Peshawar (Purushapura), the capital of Gandhara, he made a digression, through the now inaccessible valley of Swat and the Dard states, to the Upper Indus, returning to Peshawar, and then crossing the Indus (Sintu) into the decayed kingdom of Taxila (Ta-cha-si-lo, Takshasila), then subject to Kashmir.
On his return from Lismore, Malachy undertook the government of the decayed monastery of Bangor (in Co.
School (founded in 1595 by Gabriel Goodman, dean of Westminster, who also in 1590 had built the hospital for twelve decayed housekeepers), were opened in the town in 1893.
The second half of the 19th century witnessed several great finds; first, of gold placers on the lower Gila and Colorado (1858-1869); later, of lodes at Tombstone, which flourished from 1879-1886, then decayed, but in 1905 had again become the centre of important mining interests; and still later the development of copper mines at Jerome and around Bisbee.
For after the death of himself and of his wives Buddhism gradually decayed, and was subjected by succeeding kings to cruel persecutions; and it was not till more than half a century afterwards, under King Kir Song de Tsan, who reigned 740-786, that true religion is acknowledged by the ecclesiastical historians to have become firmly established in the land.
But such rude legislation could not provide for all questions arising even in the decayed state of Roman civilization.'
In return for the transfer by the pope of the Frank crown from the decayed line of Clovis to his own, Pippin crossed the Alps, defeated Aistulf and gave to the pope the lands which Aistulf had torn from the empire, Ravenna and the Pentapolis (754-756).
It is a town of considerable antiquity, now decayed, and has an ancient church of S.
He occupied himself with repairing and adorning the decayed castle of Muiden, which was his residence during the remainder of his life.
The surface of the atolls is covered with sand, except in a few places where it has been turned into soil through the admixture of decayed vegetation.
The glaciation is also responsible for the poor soil of most of the state, for, although the rocks are the same crystallines which give good soils further south in unglaciated regions, all the decayed portions of the Maine rocks have been removed by glacial erosion, revealing fresh, barren rock over great areas, or depositing the rather sterile hard-pan as a thin coating in other places.
Silkworm breeding, formerly a prosperous industry, has decayed, despite the encouragement of a state farm at New Marghelan.
The unfinished and decayed painting remained for some fifty years on the wall, but after 1560 was covered over with new frescoes by Vasari.
In 1688 the rich uncle, whose supposed riches had dwindled so much that at his death he was almost insolvent, died, having decayed, it would seem, not less in mind than in body and estate, and Swift sought counsel of his mother at Leicester.
Afterwards Turkish authority again decayed.
After its surrender to Cromwell in 1650 it gradually decayed.
This would leave the Echinoid scheme remarkably simple, with the Melonitoida and Cidaroida as divergent branches from an ancestor like Bothriocidaris; but while the former branch soon decayed, the latter continues to flourish at the present day.
Five bridges cross the river, on the right bank of which lies the old and somewhat decayed suburb of Nungate, interesting as having contained the Giffordgate, where John Knox was born, and where also are the ruins of the pre-Reformation chapel of St Martin.
The town seems shortly afterwards to have decayed.
- Populous cities adorned with fine monuments of Arabian architecture, numerous ruins of cities decayed, grand irrigation canals now lying dry, and written monuments of Arabian literature testify to a time when civilization in Turkestan stood at a much higher level than at present.
COSSIMBAZAR, or Kasimbazar, a decayed town on the river Bhagirathi in the' vIurshidabad district of Bengal, India, now included in the Berhampur municipality.
The various decomposing volcanic rocks - tufas, conglomerates and basalts - mingled with decayed vegetable matter, and abundantly watered, form a very fertile soil.
In 1834, after the War of Independence had resulted in the liberation of Greece, the modern town of Sparta was built on part of the ancient site from the designs of Baron Jochmus, and Mistra decayed until now it is in ruins and almost deserted.
of Turkish Yemen, formerly a large town, but now much decayed.
The East India Company started a factory in the town in the 18th century, but commerce had already decayed and the establishment was abandoned.
These families, however, do not appear to have had anything like their present importance in the temperate flora, though, as they are mainly herbaceous plants with fruits of moderate hardness, they may have decayed and left no trace.
The merchant Maiden Hospital was founded in 1695 for the education of daughters of decayed merchant burgesses of Edinburgh.
Two separate studies demonstrated no significant difference between dental check frequency and decayed, missing and filled teeth in deciduous or mixed dentition.
erupted teeth are more likely to become decayed and infected.
On decayed, soft heartwood of holly in Quercus petraea wood.
incorrupt state - it had not decayed.
In practice nearly all lines mothballed in the 1960s decayed and never reopened.
Wood ants will use pine needles for making their nest mounds, and decayed tree stumps will be frequented by weevils.
radicle of a seedling was cut off, as it was completely decayed, and the two now separated cotyledons were planted.
radioactive isotope has decayed into its daughter isotope.
toothScotland, for those with disease, the average was 5.0 deciduous teeth decayed, missing or filled.
The manufacture of broadcloth was formerly carried on, but is now entirely decayed.
Under the care of this "decayed dominie," whom he has so affectionately recorded, he earned a few guineas - his first literary fee - by revising for the press a new edition of Paul and Virginia.
Prussia had paid a heavy price for the territories acquired at the expense of Poland in 1793 and 1795, and when, on the 16th of November 1797, Frederick William died, he left the state in bankruptcy and confusion, the army decayed and the monarchy discredited.
It is not in the Puritan direction, but intended to emphasize and to make more clear church doctrine and discipline, which in recent years had become obscured or decayed.
In connexion with corticolous lichens may be mentioned those lignicole species which grow on decayed, or decaying wood of trees and on old pales (e.g.
(d) Muscicolous lichens again are such as are most frequently met with on decayed mosses and Jungermannia, whether on the ground, trees or rocks (e.g.
This led to the disappearance of the agri cultural population, to a decline in public safety, and to the spread of malaria in many parts; indeed, it is quite possible that it was not introduced into Latium before the 4th century B.C. The evil increased in the later period of the Republic, and many of the old towns of Latium sank into a very decayed condition; with this the continual competition of the provinces as sources of food-supply no doubt had a good deal to do.
But when the sovereigns power decayed, the imperial cities were really free republics, governing themselves according to their own ideas of law and justice (see COMMUNE).
(See Gaon.) Meanwhile, as the Babylonian schools decayed, Talmudic learning was assiduously pursued outside its oriental home, and some Babylonian Talmudists apparently reached the West.
The door leading from the south aisle into a herbaceous garden, formerly the cloister, is an exquisite copy of one which had become greatly decayed.
In the thirty-second year of this reign, the " bill for the breed of horses " was passed, the preamble of which runs thus: - " Forasmuch as the generation and breed of good and strong horses within this realm extendeth not only to a great help and defence of the same, but also is a great commodity and profit to the inhabitants thereof, which is now much decayed and diminished, by reason that, in forests, chases, moors and waste grounds within this realm, little stoned horses and nags of small stature and of little value be not only suffered to pasture thereupon, but also to cover mares feeding there, whereof cometh in manner no profit or commodity."
The radicle of a seedling was cut off, as it was completely decayed, and the two now separated cotyledons were planted.
It relies on an analysis of how much of a radioactive isotope has decayed into its daughter isotope.
Its orbit had decayed to 175 nautical miles, and it was little more than one month away from reentering the Earth 's atmosphere.
In Scotland, for those with disease, the average was 5.0 deciduous teeth decayed, missing or filled.
Composting occurs when decayed organic materials decompose to become water and enriched soil.
Meth Face: The characteristic meth face includes decayed teeth, sullen eyes, skin that has been picked at incessantly and hair that is brittle and unhealthy.
Extended use can result in decayed teeth and a dramatic - and negative - transformation of the face's physical appearance.
Encourage the laterals by pinching off decayed flowers, and the result will be a mass of blossom throughout the summer, and probably till November.
They thrive admirably in deep, rich, sandy loam, with the addition of some decayed cow manure.
These plants are better for transplantation about every third year, as soon as the leaves are decayed in autumn.
The situation should be open, but not exposed, and the soil a loam mixed with decayed stable manure equal to a third of its bulk.
If the pain is due to tooth decay, the dentist will remove the decayed area and restore the tooth with a filling of silver amalgam or composite resin.
The dentist or a specialist called an endodontist removes the decayed pulp, fills the space left behind with a soothing paste, and covers the tooth with a crown to protect and seal it.
If a decayed baby tooth is lost too early, the adjacent teeth may move into the space, causing crooked and overcrowded permanent teeth.
To treat most cases of tooth decay in older children, the dentist removes all decayed tooth structure, shapes the sides of the cavity, and fills the cavity with an appropriate material, such as silver amalgam or composite resin.
Decayed areas show up as spots or shadows.
Sugarmaking, the distillation of rice-spirit, silk-weaving, fishing and the preparation of a fish-sauce (nuoc-mam) made from decayed fish, and the manufacture of salt from sea-water and of lime are carried on in many localities.
The word usage examples above have been gathered from various sources to reflect current and historial usage. They do not represent the opinions of YourDictionary.com.