She added, "It dates back to when you were in shape."
It dates from the depression.
Maybe she should accept a few dates now and then.
Fred stage-whispered to Dean that the sixth was one of the dates when Byrne was in Scranton.
Do you really think I'd tell them about my dates? she retorted.
Do you really think I'd tell them about my dates? she retorted.
That dates back to before we were married.
The earliest written record of the introduction of domesticated cats into Great Britain dates from about A.D.
The present temple probably dates from the time of the Persian wars.
Dates back to 1912 when Woodie won sixteen games in a row.
That's why more current dates are more important and far easier to verify.
A Paul Weber crossed in and out of the great north on the dates I ran.
The dates a motor home made the trip in and out stack up perfectly.
I cleverly deduced the location, checked birth dates and newly arrived individuals.
The time frame and dates seemed to fit, but that's a mighty long stretch.
While Cynthia was writing down the dates, Jennifer bit her tongue and looked at Dean.
"That dates our skeleton twenty or more years older than the1960's," Dean said.
I'm not going on blind dates or being hooked up with hairy alpha males.
The dates were all from the past week, and she recognized two of the originating net codes as being from Mr. Tim and General Greene.
The reports went back nearly three years and listed dates, locations and dollars expended, with each entry carefully and manually recording names, locations, reasons for visits and persons present.
There was a log listing mileage and dates in a variety of different handwritings.
Cleary had bumped into him only twice, maybe three times but he had no recollection of the dates.
My high school girl-boy-how-to book said I should be coy and turn down all last-minute dates.
That old idea dates back to prearranged marriages, when the groom had never seen the bride.
Their dates had been modest, but was that by preference, or because he had limited funding?
We're fuzzy on the dates and times, but he's planning something tonight and Friday afternoon.
These dates are important as they help to save Chicheley from the charge, versified by Shakespeare (Henry V.
Its Gothic cathedral dates from the 15th century.
The church of the Holy Trinity, the oldest part of which dates from about 1 200, is a Gothic building with five aisles and a square tower.
The site of the church of St Peter has long been occupied by a parish church (there was one in the 12th century, if not earlier), but the existing building dates only from 1870.
Colon dates its origin from the year 1850, when the island of Manzanillo was selected as the Atlantic terminus of the Panama railway.
The foundation is commonly dated from this year and not from 1448, when Magdalen Hall was founded, though if not dated from 1448 it surely dates from 1458, when that hall and St John's Hospital were converted into Magdalen College.
It was not completed, however, till the 19th century, when the west portal and towers and two bays of the nave were added, according to the plans of Violletle-Duc. The fine stained glass of the windows dates from the 13th to the 15th centuries.
It dates from 1817 and bears the name of its founder, James Duff, 4th earl of Fife.
It dates from the 11th century, and once belonged to the Ogilvies, from whom it passed in 1535 to the Gordons.
It may be assigned to 25 B.C. The dates of the publication of the rest are uncertain, but none of them was published before 24 B.C., and the, last not before 16 B.C. The unusual length of the second one (1402 lines) has led Lachmann and other critics to suppose that it originally consisted of two books, and they have placed the beginning of the third book at ii.
The main road system, which dates from 1828, previous to which there were only tracks, is good, and the roads well engineered; many of them are traversed daily by post vehicles.
The collegiate church (Stiftskirche) dates from about 1340, and contains a number of fine ducal monuments.
Another church is the Annexkirche, formerly a convent of the Minorites; this dates from the middle of the 15th century.
The dates of his accession and death are unknown.
From this period dates the castle, and also the buildings of the university, founded by Gabriel Bethlen, and now used as barracks.
Of the church in Ostia there is no authentic record before the 4th century A.D., though there are several Christian inscriptions of an earlier date; but the first bishop of Ostia of whom we have any certain knowledge dates from A.D.
3 These dates are suggested by the decrease of tribute which the inscriptions prove for this year.
Plato, while admiring Pericles' intellect, accuses him of pandering to the mob; Aristotle in his Politics and especially in the Constitution of Athens, which is valuable in that it gives the dates of Pericles' enactments as derived from an official document, accepts the same view.
The church of St James dates from 1763, and the other numerous places of worship and public buildings are all modern.
The latter selected a position a few hundred yards to the north-east of the old city of Chung-tu or Yenking, where he founded the new city of Ta-tu ("great capital"), called by the Mongols Taidu or Daitu, but also KhanBalik; and from this time dates the use of the latter name as applied to this site.
These fairs have been held without interruption till the present day, their dates being October 2 and May 13.
In the highlands, where some fertile upland tracts produce corn, dates and other fruits, the climate is genial, but elsewhere it is extremely sultry, and on the low-lying coast lands malarious.
For this patron several of his treatises were written; and the commencement of his Canon of Medicine also dates from his stay in Hyrcania.
These dates are valuable as enabling us to fix approximately the date of his birth, which must have occurred somewhere about 1370.
The Troy-book, undertaken at the command of Henry V., then prince of Wales, dates from 1412-1420; the Story of Thebes from 1420-1422; and the Falls of Princes towards 1430.
Corresponding to the first two Edinburgh editions, copies were issued bearing the London imprint and dates 1594 and 1611.
The monastic buildings have practically disappeared, but the church was a splendid building of various dates from Norman to Decorated, the choir and Lady chapel representing the later period.
Presbyterianism in Ireland, in modern times at least, dates from the plantation of Ulster in the reign of James I.
Giovanni Evangelista, which was founded along with the Benedictine monastery in 981, but as a building dates from 1510, and has a façade erected by Simone Moschino early in the 17th century.
Communications.-The development of railways in Argentina, which dates from 1857 when the construction of the Buenos Aires Western was begun, was at first slow and hesitating, but after 1880 it went forward rapidly.
The present constitution of Argentina dates from the 25th of September 1860.
Each of these companies was allotted a definite sphere of influence, and was granted a concession for ninety-nine years from its date of formation, the concessions thus terminating at various dates between 1950 and 1960.
The infantry, which wasthe first in Europe to be armed with the magazine rifle, still carries this, the Lebel, rifle which dates from 1886.
It follows, therefore, that the maritime importance of the island dates back to pre-Dorian times.
To the east, on the summit of the height, is the cathedral of St Carthagh, of various dates.
Modern criticism of the history of Sabbath observance among the Hebrews has done nothing more than follow out these arguments in detail, and show that the result is in agreement with what is known as to the dates of the several component parts of the Pentateuch.
An old mansion called the Priory dates in part from 1393.
It contains models of the principal dockyards and fortifications of the British empire, naval models of all dates, and numerous specimens of weapons of war from the remotest times to the present day.
Its foundation dates from the year 1030, while the nave is Romanesque of the middle of the 12th century, with much pointed work.
The history of Tournai dates from the time of Julius Caesar, when it was called civitas Nerviorum or castrum Turnacum.
Although the first definite endeavour to locate the Golden Chersonese thus dates from the middle of the 2nd century of our era, the name was apparently well known to the learned of Europe at a somewhat earlier period, and in his Antiquities of the Jews, written during the latter half of the 1st century, Josephus says that Solomon gave to the pilots furnished to him by Hiram of Tyre commands " that they should go along with his stewards to the land that of old was called Ophir, but now the Aurea Chersonesus, which belongs to India, to fetch gold."
Belleville is in a rich agricultural region, and in the vicinity there are valuable coal mines, the first of which was sunk in 1852; from this dates the industrial development of the city.
Christina (martyred by drowning in the lake, according to the legend, in 278) which dates from the 11th century and contains some frescoes, perhaps of the school of Giotto.
The use of mercuric fulminate as a detonator dates from about 1814, when the explosive cap was invented.
Sofia, a circular edifice of about 760, now modernized, the roof of which is supported by six ancient columns, is a relic of the Lombard period; it has a fine cloister of the 12th century constructed in part of fragments of earlier buildings; while the cathedral with its fine arcaded facade and incomplete square campanile (begun in 1279) dates from the 9th century and was rebuilt in 1114.
It dates, doubtless, from a time prior to Roman supremacy.
The actual building dates from the end of the 17th and the beginning of the 18th century, and contains a fine library with a collection of rare manuscripts and incunabula; near it is the small and old town of Tepl (pop. 2789).
Maceio dates from 1815 when a small settlement there was created a " villa."
The dates of the rest of the extant plays, here given in alphabetical order, are quite uncertain, namely, Amphitruo, Aulularia, Bacchides, Captivi, Casina, Curculio, Epidicus, Menaechmi, Mercator (probably later than the Rudens, as shown by F.
Her intimacy with Racine dates from then.
Angelo, with sixteen antique columns in the interior, probably dates from the middle of the 6th century.
The university dates from 1307, and has faculties of law, science and medicine; it had 318 students in 1902-1903.
This material dates from the earliest times down to the commencement of our era.
These two cables did not have a very long life, that of 1865 breaking down in 1877 and that of 1866 in 1872, but by the later of these dates four other cables had been laid across the Atlantic, including one from Brest to Duxbury, Mass.
(I.) The Relative Dates of the Tables.
The name occurs for the last time during the reign of Diocletian, who dates a letter from Triballis.
The principal industry is stock-raising, which dates from the first settlement in 1674 by Domingos Affonso Mafrense, who established here a large number of cattle ranges.
The town dates from 1852, is attractively situated, and is regularly laid out with broad, straight streets crossing each other at right angles.
(~) It is difficult to point to any definite evidence by which we may determine the dates of the earliest appearance of Gallic tribes in the north of Italy.
The Venetian ascendancy in the Levant dates from this epoch; for, though the republic had no power to occupy all the domains ceded to it, Candia was taken, together with several small islands and stations on the mainland.
It is from this epoch that the supremacy of the Visconti, hitherto the unsuccessful rivals of the Guelphic Torriani for the signory of Milan, dates.
The greatness of the family dates from the reign of this masterful prelate.
The age of this building is very uncertain; it has been assigned to dates ranging from the 1st to the 4th century A.D.
It dates from the 2nd century, and was the family monument of the Secundini.
It originally ran only as far as Capua, but was successively prolonged to Beneventum, Venusia, Tarentum and Brundusium, though at what dates is unknown.
Its crypt dates from 941, the choir from 1274-1300, the Late Gothic choir chapels from the 15th century, and the nave and transept from 1533-1554.
We have to argue back from the state cf things revealed in the texts, of various dates from 450-250 B.C., and in the inscriptions from that date onwards.
All the rest of the canonical works grew up in the schools of the Order, and most of them appear to contain documents, or passages, of different dates.
Our first definite knowledge of the Colossian Church dates from the presence of Epaphras in Rome in A.D.
The use of the term to mean the individualized nucleated mass of living protoplasm, which, whether with or without a limiting membrane, primitively forms the proximate histological element of the body of every organism, dates from the second quarter of the i9th century.
The word is derived from the general resemblance of the texture of plant substance to that of a textile fabric, and dates from a period when the fundamental constitution of plant substance from individual cells was not yet discovered.
The study of the distribution of species dates back to the time of the early systematists, the study of vegetation to the time of the early botanical travellers.
Though Angiosperms become dominant in all known plant-bearing Upper Cretaceous deposits, their origin dates even earlier.
From the tenth voyage of the East India Company, commanded by Captain Best, who left England in 1612, dates the establishment of permanent British factories on the coast of India.
The loss to Spain was enormous, and from this act of the Dominican the commercial decay of Spain dates.
When the port of Boston was closed by Great Britain in 1774 the bell of the old First Parish Church (Unitarian) of Portland (built 1740; the present building dates from 1825) was muffled and rung from morning till night, and in other ways the town showed its sympathy for the patriot cause.
The picturesque narrow-arched bridge over the Thames near St Helen's church dates originally from 1416.
It dates from the 14th century, but was partly restored after a fire in 1543.
This claim cannot be sustained on a comparison of dates, but at any rate he introduced the art into upper Italy.
The dates here given are those which seem to be most generally accepted at the present time.
The town dates from 1637, when it was located at the foot of the Cerro Santo and was called Nueva Barcelona; it reached a state of much prosperity and commercial importance before the end of the century.
Don Benito is a thriving and comparatively modern town; for it dates only from the 15th century, when it was founded by refugees from Don Llorente, who deserted their own town owing to the danger of floods from the Guadiana.
The cathedral, a beautiful church, was consecrated in 1084, but of this early building only foundation walls remain; the present structure of brick was begun in 1215, and enlarged and restored at various later dates.
The town, which dates from the rlth century, was governed by its own lords till 1248, after which date it passed through the ownership of the counts of Flanders, the dukes of Burgundy, and the sovereigns of Austria and Spain.
The town only dates from 1873, having been formed by uniting the villages of Ritzebiittel and Cuxhaven, which had belonged to Hamburg since 1394.
Slaughtering and meat-packing is the most important industry, the value of the product amounting to $ 2 4,45 8, 810 in 1905; this industry dates from about 1835.
It is true that Eusebius, in his Chronicle, dates his first appearance from A.D.
The Rarotongas call themselves Maori, and state that their ancestors came from Hawaiki, and Pirima and Manono are the native names of two islands in the Samoan group. The almost identical languages of the Rarotongas and the Maoris strengthen the theory that the two peoples are descended from Polynesians migrating, possibly at widely different dates, from Samoa.
The see was founded in 1503, but the cathedral itself dates from the 12th century, though it has been reconstructed.
It was not till 1633 that the Dutch attempted to enter into alliance with the native princes, and their earliest permanent settlement at Port Badung only dates from 1845.
The town dates from the beginning of the r 7th century, and the older part consists of a flagged causeway called Commercial Street, running for 1 m.
The keep of the castle dates from 1490, and much of the original building was demolished in 1689, a few years after its siege by Cromwell.
He is also said to have written, at dates unknown, The London Merchant (which, however, was an earlier name for Beaumont and Fletcher's Knight of the Burning Pestle) and The Royal Combat; a tragedy by him, Beauty in a Trance, was entered in the Stationers' Register in 1653, but never printed.
The use of the name in its most comprehensive sense dates only from the expansion of the empire in the 19th century; to the historian who writes of the earlier growth of the empire, Russia means, at most, Russia in Europe, or Muscovy, as it was usually called until the 18th century, from Moscow, its ancient capital.
The earliest temple must have been erected soon after the foundation of the city, while the later building which superseded it dates from shortly after 600 B.C. The propylon, on the other hand, may date from after 409 B.C.
In America the development of the locomotive dates from almost the same time as in England.
As a separate state it dates only from about 1730, the time of the dismemberment of the Mogul empire.
The earliest known edition of the Compendious Book of Psalms and Spiritual Songs (of which an unique copy is extant) dates back to 1567, though the contents were probably published in broad sheets during John Wedderburn's lifetime.
The bishopric dates perhaps from the 4th century A.D.
The following are the most important churches of Ravenna, arranged in the order of the dates generally attributed to them: - Almost the only sacred building previous to the 5th century of which we have any record is unfortunately lost.
Plymouth was the first permanent white settlement in New England, and dates its founding from the landing here from the "Mayflower" shallop of an exploring party of twelve Pilgrims, including William Bradford, on the 21st of December (N.s.) 1620.
The country around is flat and fertile, producing much wine, dates, oranges, oil, saffron and aniseed.
There are, of course, numerous problems relating to the nature, limits and dates of the two recensions, of the incorporated sources, and of other sources (whether early or late) of independent origin; and here there is naturally room for much divergence of opinion.
titles of psalms, dates and headings of prophecies) involves a criticism of the historical traditions themselves, and thus the two major classes of material must be constantly examined both separately and in their bearing on one another.
(" legend ...as indifferent to accuracy in dates as it is to definiteness of places and names "); W.
(b) Some fluctuation is obvious in the number, dates and extent of the deportations.
Weighty reasons are brought also by conservative writers against the theory that Deuteronomy dates from or about the age of Josiah, and their objections to the " discovery " of a new law-roll apply equally to the " re-discovery " and promulgation of an old and authentic code.
In Australia the Jews from the first were welcomed on perfectly equal terms. The oldest congregation is that of Sydney (1817); the Melbourne community dates from 1844.
Such incidents were the Damascus charge of ritual murder (1840), the forcible baptism of the Italian child Mortara (1858), and the Russian pogroms at various dates.
Among the early Christian remains of the island far and away the most important is the church of St Titus at Gortyna, which perhaps dates from the Constantinian age.
The five-storied embattled tower in the centre dates from 1426, and the modern mansions from 1820.
Lymington dates its importance from the grant of the town to Richard de Redvers, earl of Devon, in the reign of Henry I.
The Saturday market probably dates from the same century.
The town dates from 1780 and owes its rise to the granite quarries at Craignair and elsewhere in the vicinity, from which were derived the supplies used in the construction of the Thames Embankment, the docks at Odessa and Liverpool and other works.
The grammar school dates from 1499, but occupies modern buildings.
Those who believe the " Declaration " to be spurious argue that survivors remembered only one such document, that the Resolutions might easily be thought of as a declaration of independence, that Governor Martin in all probability had knowledge only of these and not of the alleged " Declaration," and that the dates of publication in the Raleigh and Charleston newspapers, and the politics of those papers, show that the Resolutions are authentic. In July 1905 there appeared in Collier's Weekly (New York) what purported to be a facsimile reproduction of a copy of the Cape Fear Mercury which was referred to by Governor Martin and which contained the " Declaration "; but this was proved a forgery.'
From this conference dates the actual beginning of the "Methodist Episcopal Church of the United States of America."
From the 12th century, too, dates the custom of investing the bishop with the mitre at his consecration.
Nicolas of Basel, the mysterious layman from whose visit Tauler dates his true religious life, seems to have been the chief organizing force among the Gottesfreunde.
A fine bridge, the Pont Julien, spanning the Coulon below the town, dates from the 2nd or 3rd century.
The cultivated plants of Arabia are much the same as those of northern India - wheat, barley, and the common Sorghum, with dates and lemons, cotton and indigo.
The present dynasty, which is of Turkoman origin, dates from 1789.
The existing church dates from 1736.
In several passages of his writings he expressly dates his philosophical awakening from the appearance of the Treatise of Human Nature.
The Yarn Market, a picturesque octagonal building with deep sloping roof, in the main street, dates from c. 1600, and is a memorial of Dunster's former important manufacture of cloth.
The present parish church of St Giles in the Fields, between Shaftesbury Avenue and New Oxford Street, dates from 1734, but here was situated a leper's hospital founded by Matilda, wife of Henry I., in i ioi.
Its chief portal, which dates from the 12th century, is a masterpiece of graceful arrangement and rich carving.
Its clock tower, surmounted by a statue of Mars, dates from the previous century.
His church dates from 1779.
These serve to fix the chronology, which is here as everywhere quite in accordance with the dates of the canon of Ptolemy.
The cultivation of the palm is indeed the principal occupation; and though the dates are inferior to those of the Barbary States, upwards of 2 2, 500 tons are annually exported.
The commercial importance of the town dates from the second half of the r9th century; in 1870 its population had risen to 38,000, and after it was brought into railway connexion with Kharkov and Voronezh, and thus with the fertile provinces of south and south-east Russia, the increase was still more rapid, the number reaching 56,047 in 1885, and 58,928 in 1900 - Greeks, Jews, Armenians and West-Europeans being important elements.
From this event dates the beginning of the secular strife between England and France which runs like a red thread through medieval history.
The Theatre Royal, reconstructed in 1876, dates from 1787.
The bridge, which is used for vehicular traffic, dates from 1790-1794.
The rude symmetry of the feudal system had been long ago destroyed by partial and unskilful adaptations to modern commercial life, effected at various dates and in accordance with various theories.
The chief town of a district of the same name, it owes its existence to the discovery of gold in the Kaap valley, and dates from 1886.
The custom probably dates from the times when death in battle was the usual death.
The Royal Commission on Horse Breeding, which dates from 1887, is, as its name implies, not a voluntary organization.
BUCCLEUCH The substantial origin of the ducal house of the Scotts of Buccleuch dates back to the large grants of lands in Scotland to Sir Walter Scott of Kirkurd and Buccleuch, a border chief, by James in consequence of the fall of the 8th earl of Douglas (1452); but the family traced their descent back to a Sir Richard le Scott (1249-1285).
It is from this time that Bewdley dates its importance.
The other also dates from the Caesarean period; it mentions many interesting details, and concludes with a fine exposition of the Lord's Prayer.
In several churches the office of St Veronica, matron, is observed on various dates.
The dates (1762-1794) given in so many biographies of Desmoulins are certainly inaccurate.
From 1886 dates the finding of Mycenaean sepulchres outside the Argolid, from which, and from the continuation of Tsountas's exploration of the buildings and lesser graves at Mycenae, a large treasure, independent of Schliemann's princely gift, has been gathered into the National Museum at Athens.
The church is Byzantine in style, and has been partially restored; but the main tower dates from the year 1210, when it was founded by St Sava, the patron saint of Servia.
The old woodwork is fine, part being Perpendicular, but the greater portion dates from 1621.
The present bridge, the work of Antonio or Giovanni Contino, whose nickname was da Ponte, dates from 1588-91, and cost 250,000 ducats.
These mosaics belong to very various dates.
The original part of the magnificent mosaic pavement probably dates from the middle of the 12th century, if we may judge from the pavement at Murano, exactly similar in style, material and workmanship, which bears the date 1140.
The dates of the various parts of the existing ducal palace are indicated on the plan; the rebuilding was carried on in the following order, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V.
Giovanni e Paolo was the usual burying-place of the doges, and contains many noble mausoleums of various dates.
The patriarchate dates from 1451,.
The smaller works, chiefly on alchemy, are unimportant, and the dates of their composition cannot be ascertained.
The present town dates from 1797, when the great earthquake of that year destroyed the old town then situated 12 m.
Its legal foundation dates from 1848.
The Boston theatre dates from 1854, and there were seventeen theatres altogether in 1900.
The city hospital dates from 1864.
Organized Universalism in Boston dates from 1785.
Dates were reckoned by the Seleucid era, which began in October 312 B.C.
Paphos was believed to have been founded either by the Arcadian Agapenor, returning from the Trojan War (c. 1180 B.C.), or by his reputed contemporary Cinyras, whose clan retained royal privileges down to the Ptolemaic conquest of Cyprus in 295 B.C., and held the Paphian priesthood till the Roman occupation in 58 B.C. The town certainly dates back to the close of the Mycenaean Bronze age, and had a king Eteandros among the allies of Assur-bani-pal of Assyria in 668 B.C.'
United States of America.-The cultivation of cotton as a staple crop in the United States dates from about 1770, 1 although efforts appear to have been made in Virginia as far back as 1621.
The site was settled early in the 18th century, but the village itself dates from about 1760, when it took its present name from the adjacent creek or "kill," on which a Dutch trader, Jans Peek, of New York City, had established a trading post.
The present structure, which dates from 1347, has its Gothic character disguised by a classical facade with Ionic pillars and much tasteless modernization.
Assuming that, as the Chinese say, the Khitans were Manchus, the first appearance of the Manchus, as a people, in China dates from the beginning of the 10th century, when the Khitans, having first conquered the kingdom of Pohai, crossed the frontier into China 3 and established the Liao or Iron dynasty in the northern portion of the empire.
The means of transporting petroleum in bulk commonly used at the present day is the pipe-line system, the history of which dates from 1860.
Recensions and revisions were twice made, in 1368 and 1531; but how far the true Ibelin was recovered, and what additions or alterations were made at these two dates, we cannot tell.
The Civil War, however, interrupted the early progress, and the present system of common schools dates from the constitution of 1868 and the school law of 1869.
The data are not numerous and distinct enough to settle the question beyond determining general limits: for reasons given above the book can hardly have been composed before about zoo B.C., and if, as is probable, a Septuagint translation of it was made (though the present Septuagint text shows the influence of Aquila), it is to be put earlier than 50 B.C. Probably also, its different parts are of different dates.
Penzance (Pensans) was not recognized as a port until the days of the Tudors, but its importance as a fishing village dates from the 14th century.
Later, however, as in the Commentary on this work written by Synesius to Dioscorus, priest of Serapis at Alexandria, which probably dates from the end of the 4th century, a changed attitude becomes apparent; the more practical parts of the receipts are obscured or omitted, and the processes for preparing alloys and colouring metals, described in the older treatise, are by a mystical interpretation represented as resulting in real transmutation.
The church of San Marco dates from the 15th century.
The staple silk industry (which dates from the 16th century) has declined, the number both of filande (establishments wherein the cocoons are unwound) and of filatoje (those wherein the silk is spun) having diminished.
Notre-Dame, the chief church, dates from the 1 5th century.
It appears to have been at some time between the dates of these two journeys that he visited Bologna and Auxerre, and began those studies in the canon law to which he was in no small degree indebted for his subsequent advancement and misfortunes.
The arrangements of the stage and orchestra as we now see them belong to Roman times; the cavea or auditorium dates from the administration of the orator Lycurgus (337-323 B.C.), and nothing is left of the theatre in which the plays of Sophocles were acted save a few small remnants of polygonal masonry.
The remains of two temples of Dionysus have been found adjoining the stoa of the theatre, and an altar of the same god adorned with masks and festoons; the smaller and earlier temple probably dates from the 6th century B.C., the larger from the end of the 5th or the beginning of the 4th century.
It is now certain that the earliest written code of the Visigoths dates back to King Euric (466-485).
There is no doubt that the text dates back to the reign of Dagobert I., i.e.
The later text, known as the Lex Alamannorum, dates from a period when Alamannia was independent under national dukes, but recognized the theoretical suzerainty of the Frankish kings.
It dates unquestionably from a period when the Frankish authority was very strong in Bavaria, when the dukes were vassals of the Frankish kings.
The Lex Saxonum apparently dates from 803, since it contains provisions which are in the Capitulare legi Ribuariae additum of that year.
It is more likely that he heard one of Plato's followers, inasmuch as Plato died when he was only four years old, if the above dates are correct.
The most important building is the Groote Kerk, of St Walpurgis, which dates from the 12th century and contains monuments of the former counts of Zutphen, a 13th-century candelabrum, an elaborate copper font (1527), and a fine modern monument to the van Heeckeren family.
With one exception already alluded to, no dates are given, and events are not always taken up in the order of their occurrence.
The Mopani colliery, which dates back to 1860, is worked by a joint-stock company.
The scientific study of salts dates from this period, especial interest being taken in those compounds which possessed a medicinal or technical value.
Stromeyer detected a new metallic element, cadmium, in certain zinc ores; it was rediscovered at subsequent dates by other observers and its chemical resemblance to zinc noticed.
We may, in fact, consider that the descriptive study of the various halogen compounds dates from about this time.
One thing, however, is pretty certain, and that is that the enormous dates B.C. assigned to it by de Morgan and Pumpelly cannot be accepted.
The city dates from 1701, when a gold-mining settlement was established in its ravines by Antonio Dias of Taubate.
The church tower dates from 1521, but the old town was destroyed by fire in 1833.
- 1 The constitution dates from 1820, but was modified in 1856, 1862, 1872 and 1goo.
The practice by which the king associated a son with himself, as secondary king, dates from the very beginning of the kingdoms of the Successors; Antigonus on assuming the diadem in 306 caused Demetrius also to bear the title of king.
Wood Mowing and Reaping Machine Co., which dates from 1866, the business having been started in 1852 by Walter Abbott Wood (1815-1892), who was a Republican representative in Congress in 1879-1883.
Even for northern affairs his chronology is faulty; from 1140 onwards his dates are uniformly one year too late.
It dates from the 12th or 13th century and was published by Victor Langlois in 1867.
This is the oldest original of a map in existence, for it dates back to the 6th century.
Nothing is known with certainty as to the origin of the vast majority of breeds of dogs, and it is an unfortunate fact that the progressive changes which have been made within comparatively recent times by fanciers have not been accurately recorded by the preservation, in museums or collections, of the actual specimens considered typical at different dates.
In Southgate is an ancient hermitage and oratory cut out of the solid rock, which dates from 1396.
The foundation of the principal almshouse, that of St Nicholas, dates from before the Conquest.
The imports are mainly white longcloth, grey shirting, rice, jowaree, dates and sugar.
The British connexion with the Somali coast dates from the early years of the 19th century; the first treaty between the British and Somali having been signed in 18 2 7 after the plundering of an English ship by the Habr-Wal.
French interest in the Somali and Danakil coasts dates from the days of the Second Empire.
(b) Other additions are of various dates and cannot be more than mentioned here, i.e., T.
In 1236 and at various subsequent dates in the same century this town suffered severely from encroachments of the sea, and in 1266 it paid the penalty for its adherence to the cause of Simon de Montfort.
The cathedral church of St Mary dates from 1190-1225, but has been much altered in later times: it has a great square tower at the west end and two graceful octagonal towers at the east, and contains numerous memorials of the 17th century.
Of these the first-fruit was his Clave Historial, a work of the same class as the French Art de verifier les dates, and preceding it by several years.
The pueblo was created after 1773; but the history of the settlement goes back to 1571, and the parochial church dates from 1710.
As the Ecclesiastical History was written in 731, we obtain the following dates for the principal events in Bede's uneventful life: - birth, 672-673 entrance into the monastery, 679-680; ordination as deacon, 691-692; as priest, 702-703.
This extension of the term to Christian burial-vaults generally dates from the 9th century, and obtained gradual currency through the Christian world.
Another Itinerary, preserved at Einsiedeln, printed by Mabillon, dates from the latter half of the same century.
with fresco paintings of different dates, in some cases lying one over the other.
It is of various dates, and includes slight remains of the Early English palace of Archbishop Grey.
The actual annexation of Ravenna, Ancona, Bologna, Ferrara, &c., dates from the 16th century.
high), dates from the 12th century; its upper portion is lower and less rich in design than that of the Clocher Neuf (377 ft.), which was not completed till the 16th century.
Though introduced with success from Santo Domingo about the middle of the T 8th century, the sugar industry practically dates from 1796, when Etienne Bore first succeeded in crystallizing and clarifying the syrup. Steam motive power was first introduced on the plantations in 1822.
From it dates also the constitutional recognition of the public schools.
Dates grow better, but nothing has been done with them.
Hagenau dates from the beginning of the 12th century, and owes its origin to the erection of a hunting lodge by the dukes of Swabia.
Thus the telegraph posts along a certain road have a space-order very obvious to our senses; but they have also a time-order according to dates of erection, perhaps more important to the postal authorities who replace them after fixed intervals.
From the same century dates the octagonal building which, formerly a gaol, now contains a good public library.
Not far off, similar relics were found at Sobunar, Zlatiste and Debelobrdo; iron and bronze ornaments, vessels and weapons, often of elaborate design, occur in the huts and cemeteries of Glasinac, and in the cemetery of Jezerine, where they are associated with objects in silver, tin, amber, glass, &c. Among the numerous finds made in other districts may be mentioned the discovery, at Vrankamer, near Bihac, of 98 African coins, the oldest of which dates from 300 B.C. Many vestiges of Roman rule survive, such as roads, mines, ruins, tombs, coins, frescoes and inscriptions.
It is surrounded by old walls, flanked with towers, and has a considerable number of ancient buildings, among which are the fine church of the Holy Cross; St John's church, which dates from the time of the Hohenstaufen; and, situated on a height near the town, partly hewn out of the rock, the pilgrimage church of the Saviour.
The bishopric dates from 1552 and the archbishopric from 1609.
In Palestine and elsewhere there is a large orange trade, and Basra, in Turkish Arabia, has the largest export of dates in the world.
Apart from unimportant modifications, the form of the budget must have remained unchanged until the organic reforms of Selim III., while its complete transformation into European shape dates only from the year 1278 (1862), when Fuad Pasha attached a regular budget to his report on the financial situation of the empire.
Coupons and drawn bonds not presented within six and fifteen years respectively of their due dates of payment are prescribed.
Their first appearance in history dates from A.D.
that Osman declared his independence, and accordingly the Turkish historian dates the foundation of the Ottoman Empire from this event.
The military reorganization dates from the destruction of the Janissaries (June 15, 1826).
The minaret of Suk el-Ghazl, in the south-eastern part of the city, dates from the 13th century.
In its present form this mosque dates from the 19th century.
This dates from A.D.
The staple articles of export are hides, wool and dates.
The valleys are well watered and produce excellent crops of cereals and dates.
The chief building in Agen is the cathedral of St Caprais, the most interesting portion of which is the apse of the 12th century with its three apse-chapels; the transept dates from the 12th and 13th centuries, the nave from the 14th to the 16th centuries; the tower flanking the south facade is modern.
In the Stromateis, while attempting to show that the Jewish Scriptures were older than any writings of the Greeks, he invariably brings down his dates to the death of Commodus, a circumstance which at once suggests that he wrote in the reign of the emperor Severus, from 193 to 211 A.D.
The discovery of iron ore in the Lake Superior region made Cleveland the natural meeting-point of the iron ore and the coal from the Ohio, Pennsylvania and West Virginia mines; and it is from this that the city's great commercial importance dates.
The Jebel Amur was traversed by the column which seized El Aghuat in 1852, and from that time dates the survey of the mountains.
Considerable additions of later date, in the Decorated and Perpendicular styles, are due to the Despensers and to Beauchamp, earl of Warwick, while the present residential part is of various dates ranging from the 15th century down to the last half of the r 9th, when a thorough restoration, including the addition of a superbly ornamented clock-tower, was carried out.
The castle of Bourbon l'Archambault, which belonged to the dukes of Bourbon, dates from the 13th and 15th centuries.
The construction of the temple of Angkor Vat dates probably from the first half of the 12th century, and appears to have been carried out under the direction of the Brahman Divakara, who enjoyed great influence under the monarchs of this period.
From the last decade of the 13th century there dates a valuable description of Tchin-la 1 written by a member of a Chinese embassy thereto.
The celebrated "Peacock Throne," said to have been worth 6,000,000 also dates from his reign; and he was the founder of the modern city of Delhi, the native name of which is Shahjahanabad.
The new city was strongly fortified and figured prominently in the struggle for independence, and also in the various revolutions which have convulsed the republic. Its political autonomy dates from 1836, when it was made a coast department.
Its Stadt-Theater, rebuilt in 1874, has room for 1750 spectators and is particularly devoted to operatic performances; the Thalia-Theater dates from 1841, and holds 1700 to "Soo people, and the Schauspielhaus (for drama) from 1900 people, and there are some seven or eight minor establishments.
From this time dates its first direct maritime communication with America.
DATE PALM, The dates' of commerce are the fruit of a species of palm, Phoenix dactylifera, a tree which ranges from the Canary Islands through Northern Africa and the south-east of Asia to India.
In the oases of Sahara, and in other parts of Northern Africa, dates are pounded and pressed into a cake for food.
The real greatness of the town dates from the time when Constantinople became the metropolis of the Roman world: then its geographical situation raised it to a position of importance which it retained throughout the middle ages.
In the West the custom, long universal, of marking the seasons of the ecclesiastical year and the more prominent fasts and festivals by the colour of the vestments of clergy and altar dates, approximately, from the 12th century: the subject is mentioned (c. 1200) in the treatise of Innocent III., De sacro altaris mysterio (cap. 10), where the rules are laid down which are still essentially those of the Roman Church,' though the liturgical colours were only four, violet belonging to the category of black - as that of mourning.
This would fix the date of his death in 738; and, as Alcuin tells us he was eighty-one years old when he died, it may be inferred that he was born in 657 - a theory on which all the dates given above are based, though it must be added that they are substantially confirmed by the incidental notices of Bede.
Most divergent opinions have been held as to the time in which Arethas lived; the reasons for the dates given above will be found succinctly stated in the article "Aretas," by A.
Trinity church dates from 1617-1621, and there are also four Roman Catholic churches and a synagogue.
The bibliography has been continued, and published at various dates (vol.
The invention dates from 1656; on the 16th of June 1657 Huygens presented his first "pendulumclock" to the states-general; and the Horologium, containing a description of the requisite mechanism, was published in 1658.
His magnum opus dates from this period.
The church of St Etienne dates from the 15th century, that of St Maurice from the 12th, 15th and 16th centuries.
Under the name of Mouru this place is mentioned with Bakhdi (Balkh) in the geography of the Zend-Avesta (Vendidad, ed Spiegel, 1852-1863), which dates probably from at least 1200 B.C. Under the name of Margu it occurs in the cuneiform (Behistun) inscriptions of the Persian monarch Darius Hystaspis, where it is referred to as forming part of one of the satrapies of the ancient Persian Empire.
Of the numerous churches none dates from before the 19th century.
Among many places of worship may be mentioned the restored parish church of Holy Trinity, which dates from the 12th century and contains some interesting monuments and brasses; and the Perpendicular Hermitage or Tory chapel, with a 15th or 16th century chantry-house.
CLODIUS AESOPUS, the most eminent Roman tragedian, flourished during the time of Cicero, but the dates of his birth and death are not known.
The following table shows the greatest " lifting powers " experimentally reached at the dates mentioned: 5.
It dates from the 13th century, occupying the site of the earlier stronghold in which was kept the Stone of Destiny prior to its removal to Scone in 843.
The origin of these equites equo privato dates back, according to Livy (v.
From this time dates the existence of the equestrian order as an officially recognized political instrument.
The Gnostic recast Lipsius dates about the middle of the 3rd century.
It is of a strongly Encratite character and dates from the 2nd century.
Bastia dates from the building of the Genoese fortress or "bastille" by Lionello Lomellino in 1383.
Though it retains some old houses, and the parish church dates from 1639, Elie is, as a whole, quite modern and is one of the most popular resorts in the county on account of its fine golf links and excellent bathing.
The bishopric dates from the 7th century.
Other scholars give yet other dates: see the particulars in the elaborate work of Merx.
The first consists of a group of no less than seven different buildings, of different dates; the earliest of which, the former cathedral of SS.
But the first "constitution" of the commune of Bologna dates from about 1123, and at that time we find it a free and independent city.
The present palace, which dates from 1803, stands in a beautiful park.
St Eloi, erected about 1560 in the Gothic style, was deprived of its first two bays in the 18th century; the present façade dates from 1889.
The beginning of the downfall of Mithraism dates from A.D.
Each day of the week was marked by the adoration of a special planet, the sun being the most sacred of all, and certain dates, perhaps the sixteenth of each month and the equinoxes, in conformity with the character of Mithras as mediator, were set aside for special festivals.
The introduction of European immigrants dates from 1818 when a Swiss colony was located at Nova Friburgo, near Rio de Janeiro, and it was continued under the direction and with the aid of the imperial government down to the creation of the republic. Since then the state governments have assumed charge of immigration, and some of them are spending large sums in the acquisition of labourers.
The use of tramways for the transportation of passengers in cities dates from 1868, when the first section of the Botanical Garden line of Rio de Janeiro was opened to traffic. The line was completed with its surplus earnings and continued under the control of the American company which built it until 1882, when it was sold to a Brazilian company.
Diamonds were discovered in Minas Geraes, near the town now called Diamantina, during the first half of the 18th century, the dates given ranging from 1725 to 1746, but the productiveness of the district has greatly decreased.
on the west side of the rock, is capable of storing 30,000 stand of arms. In the armoury is a collection of arms of various dates;.
Its picturesque castle, at least the oldest portion of it, probably dates from the 12th century.
The town dates from the middle of the 18th century, when a cottage was built by a sailor and named Portobello in commemoration of Admiral Vernon's victory in 1739.
It dates from the 12th century and is a plain, massive ruin, architecturally insignificant.
The Royal high school, the burgh school par excellence, dates from the 16th century, but the beautiful Grecian buildings on the southern face of Calton Hill, opened in 1829, are its third habitation.
The determination of Edinburgh as the national capital, and as the most frequent scene of parliamentary assemblies, dates from the death of James I.
It was laid out in 1697 and was incorporated as a borough in 1720; the present charter, however, dates only from 1851.
In 1203 it had its first podesta, and from this period dates the rise of its importance.
But its real importance dates from the middle ages.
From this renewal dates the formation of the new order or monte dei riformatori, the title henceforth bestowed on all citizens, of both the less and the greater people, who had reformed the government and begun to participate in it in 1368.
The town dates from the 13th century, being originally a fortress built for protection against the Bohemians.
The hotel de ville dates from the 16th century, to which period many of the old mansions of Besancon also belong.
The archbishopric dates from the close of the 2nd century, and the archbishops gradually acquired considerable temporal power.
Another leading paper, the Natal Mercury, dates from 1852.
From the time of the coming of the first considerable body of British settlers dates the development of trade and agriculture in the colony, followed somewhat later by the exploitation of the mineral resources of the country.
These dates enable us to measure accurately the stages by which the church accommodated itself to, and as it were took possession of, the Aristotelian philosophy.
Gold and silver are chiefly found in Transylvania, where their exploitation dates back to the Roman period, and are mined at Zalatna and Abrudbanya; rich deposits are also found in the Kremnitz-Schemnitz, and the Nagybanya districts.
But the Benedictines, whose settlement in Hungary dates from the establishment of their monastery at Pannonhalma (c. 1 ooi), were the chief pioneers.
Unfortunately the fruits of his diligence and foresight were dissipated by the follies of his two immediate successors, Emerich (1196-1204) and Andrew II., who weakened the Ar royal power in attempting to win support by lavish grants of the crown domains on the already over-influential magnates, a policy from which dates the supremacy of the semi-savage Magyar oligarchs, that insolent and self-seeking class which would obey no superior and trampled ruthlessly on every inferior.
Debreczen was practically rebuilt by him, and dates its prosperity from his reign.
The Renaissance town-hall in the spacious market-place dates from 1570; it contains a library and a collection of antiquities.
Kovalevsky's work appeared between the dates of the Generelle Morphologic and the Schopfungsgeschichte.
The present structure dates, like many others in the principality, from Edward I., perhaps even from the plans of the architect of Carnarvon and Conway castles, but with the retention of old portions.
The Romanesque church of St Gertrude, named after Itta's daughter, dates from the II th century, but has been badly restored and is disfigured by a heavy tower.
Although saline springs are mentioned here as early as the 13th century, the first attempt to bore for salt was not made until 1839, while the systematic exploitation of the salt-beds, to which the town is indebted for its prosperity, dates only from 1856.
As regards the dates and historical interpretation of the Psalms, all older discussions, even those of Ewald, are in great measure antiquated by recent progress in Pentateuch criticism and the history of the canon, and an entirely fresh treatment of the Psalter by a sober critical commentator is urgently needed.
The exhibition of the Host dates from the institution of the Festival of Corpus Christi by Urban IV.
The existing constitution dates from 1910.
But he would be a bold man who would profess to give trustworthy dates either for the kings of Israel or for the prophetic writers.
5 It was not from Greek only that translations were made into Syriac. Of translations from Pahlavi we have such examples as the version of pseudo-Callisthenes' History of Alexander, made in the 7th century from a Pahlavi version of the Greek original - that of Kalilah and Dimnah executed in the 6th century by the periodeutes Bodh - and that of Sindbad, which dates from the 8th century; and in the late period of Syriac literature, books were translated from Arabic into Syriac as well as vice versa.
The above dates for the kings' reigns are taken from von Gutschmid.
That important legal work, The Laws of the Emperors Constantine, Theodosius and Leo, which was composed in Greek about 475, and " which lies at the root of all subsequent Christian Oriental legislation in ecclesiastical, judicial and private matters" (Wright), must have been repeatedly translated into Syriac. The oldest form is contained in a British Museum MS. which dates from the earlier part of the 6th century, and this was edited by Land (Anecd.
A third series of homilies, the Lives of the Saints, dates from 996 to 997.
Photius and Petrus Siculus supply a few dates and events.
At the opening of 1354 he was sent with the cardinal of Boulogne, Pierre I., duke of Bourbon, and Jean VI., count of Vendome, to Mantes to treat with Charles the Bad, king of Navarre, who had caused the constable, Charles of Spain, to be assassinated, and from this time dates his connexion with this king.
N.W., shows slight remains of the originalAugustinian priory; but the present beautiful gabled building, picturesquely situated, dates mainly from 1618.
The oblong block of buildings, fronted by lawns, is surrounded by a moat and protected by a gate-house, part of which dates from 1301, at which date the chapel and a part of the house were also built.
Aurillac stands on the right bank of the Jordanne, and is dominated from the north-west by the Roc Castanet, crowned by the castle of St Etienne, the keep of which dates from the 11th century.
The former college, which dates from the 17th century, is now occupied by a museum and a library.
It has a quaint old-fashioned appearance, many ancient houses in High Street bearing inscriptions and dates.
The industry dates from the first exploration of this coast and was.
The Caracas institution dates from early colonial times and numbers many prominent Venezuelans among its alumni.
The public debt of Venezuela dates back to the War of Independence, when loans were raised in Europe for account of the united colonies of Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela.
The wheel window of the main facade dates from 1274.
high,which stands by the cathedral, and is connected with it by a series of galleries, dates from 1267-1291.
The same scientific bent is seen in the greater attention paid to morbid anatomy (which dates from Baillie) and the more scientific method of studying diseases.
The village dates from 1785, and it became a burgh of barony in 1792.
An eastern lady chapel dates from c. 1410, but the upper part is modern, for the chapel was long desecrated.
Many street improvements were carried out, it is true, in the last half of the 19th century, the dates of the principal being as follows: 1854, Cannon Street; 1864, Southwark Street; 1870, Holborn Viaduct; 1871, Hamilton Place, Queen Victoria Street; 1876, Northumberland Avenue; 1882, Tooley Street; 1883, Hyde Park Corner; 1884, Eastcheap; 1886, Shaftesbury Avenue; 1887, Charing Cross Road; 1890-1892, Rosebery Avenue.
The first act providing for a commission of sewers in London dates from 1531.
(3) The Metropolitan Hospital Saturday Fund was founded in 1873, and is made up chiefly of small sums collected in places of business, &c. The following is a list of the principal London hospitals, with dates of foundation I.
This magnificent collection was originated in 1824, and the building dates from 1838, but has been more than once enlarged.
The building of the National Portrait Gallery, adjoining it, dates from 1896, but the nucleus of the collection was formed in 1858.
Following the river down from the Tower these docks, with dates of original opening and existing extent, are - St Katherine's (1828; 102 acres), London (1805; 571 acres), West India, covering the northern part of the peninsula called the Isle of Dogs (1802; 1212 acres), East India, Blackwall (1806; 38 acres), Royal Victoria and Albert Docks (1876 and 1880 respectively), parallel with the river along Bugsby's and Woolwich Reaches, nearly 3 m.
It dates from 1817, the body of the building being by Laing, but the Corinthian façade was added by Smirke.
The City Corporation exercises a control over the majority of the London markets, which dates from the close of the 14th century, when dealers were placed under the governance of the mayor and aldermen.
The election of common councilmen, whose institution dates from the reign of Edward I., takes place annually, the electors being the ratepayers, divided among the twenty-five wards of the City.
The great and continuous increase in the buildings and the enlargement of London on all sides dates from this period.
2 Mention is made of these bills as early as 1517, but the earliest series now known dates from 1532.
With respect to this tradition Round writes (Commune of London, p. 223): " The assumption that the mayoralty of London dates from the accession of Richard I.
The government of the city by reeves dates back to a very early period, and these reeves were appointed by the king.
Only the chancel of the old church remains, but its red sandstone arch is a remarkably fine example of Norman work; it dates from the middle of the 12th century.
He constantly leaves blanks for dates and facts, and many queries.
The campanile dates from 1276.
A few small vessels have been found in the " topes," as in that at Manikiala in the Punjab, which probably dates from about the Christian era; but they exhibit no remarkable character, and fragments found at Brahmanabad are hardly distinguishable from Roman glass of the imperial period.
Peter and Paul (restored in 1892-1894), dates from the 14th century.
He was succeeded by nine gurus, great teachers or head priests, whose dates are as follows: A .D.
A careful register of the dates was kept, divided into reigns, from which dynastic lists were afterwards compiled, giving the duration of each king's reign as well as that of the several dynasties.
The early existence of an accurate system of dating is not surprising; it was necessitated by the fact that Babylonia was a great trading community, in which it was not only needful that commercial and legal documents should be dated, but also that it should be possible to refer easily to the dates of former business transactions.
At all events he gives 30 years of reign to Sinmuballidh instead of the 20 assigned to him in a list of dates drawn up at the time of Ammi-zadok's accession, 55 years to Khammurabi instead of 43, and 35 years to Samsu-iluna instead of 38, while he omits altogether the seven years' reign of the Assyrian king TukultiIn-aristi at Babylon.
He seems to have left the defence of his kingdom to others, occupying himself with the more congenial work of excavating the foundation records of the temples and determining the dates of their builders.
Up to certain points no difference of opinion exists upon the dates to be assigned to the later kings who ruled in Babylon and in Assyria.
Thus all historians are agreed with regard to the Babylonian chronology back to the year 747 B.C., and with regard to that of Assyria back to the year 911 B.C. It is in respect of the periods anterior to these two dates that different writers have propounded differing systems of chronology, and, as might be imagined, the earlier the period we examine the greater becomes the discrepancy between the systems proposed.
of the Kings' List, attempts have been made to .ascertain the dates of the earlier dynasties by independent means.
This will explain the fact that while the difference between the earliest and latest dates suggested for the close of Dynasty III.
is only 144 years, the difference between the earliest and latest dates suggested for the beginning of Dynasty I.
The first column gives the names of the writers and the dates at which their schemes were published, while the remaining columns give the dates they have suggested for Dynasties I., II.
The systems with the highest dates are placed first in the list; where a writer has produced more than one system, these are grouped together, the highest dates proposed by him determining his place in the series.
It will be noted that the first group has obtained higher dates than the second, and the second group higher dates on the whole than the third.
Oppert's system 2 represents the earliest dates that have been suggested.
The difference of eighteen years in Sayce's two dates for the rise of Dynasty I.
It should be noted that Winckler (1905) and Delitzsch (1907) gives the dates only in round numbers.
by 177 years and effected a corresponding reduction in the dates assigned to Dynasties I.
The extremely low dates proposed by Hommel in 1898 were due to his adoption of Peiser's emendation for the length of Dynasty III., in addition to his own elimination of Dynasty II.
These considerable reductions in the dates of the earlier dynasties of Babylonia necessarily react upon our estimate of the age of Babylonian civilization The very high dates of 5000 or 6000 B.C., formerly assigned by many writers to the earliest remains of the Sumerians and tl e Babylonian Semites, 12 depended to a great extent on the statem nt of Nabonidus that 3200 years separated his own age from th: t of Naram-Sin, the son of Sargon of Agade; for to Sargon, on this statement alone, a date of 3800 B.C. has usually been assigned.
But even by postulating the highest possible dates for he Dynasties of Babylon and Ur, enormous gaps occurred in he scheme of chronology, which were unrepresented by any ro al name or record.
This granted, internal evidence would go to show that the first compilation dates back to the time of Clovis, and doubtless to the last years of his reign, after his victory over the Visigoths (507-511).
The fact warns us against drawing hasty inductions as to relative dates from style and execution.
The various elements of the book were written by different authors at different dates.
Of the books which have come down to us the main part is Jewish, and was written at various dates.
39: the tradition which makes `Ain Karim, near Jerusalem, the birthplace of the Baptist only dates from the crusading period.
Friar Odoric was despatched to the East, where a remarkable extension of missionary action was then taking place, about 1316-1318, and did not return till the end of 1329 or beginning of 1330; but, as regards intermediate dates, all that we can deduce from his narrative or other evidence is that he was in western India soon after 1321 (pretty certainly in 1322) and that he spent three years in China between the opening of 1323 and the close of 1328.
The date of this church has been much disputed, but while traces of Romanesque architecture survive, the building is, in the main, Gothic in style and dates from the first half of the 13th century.
Its importance, however, dates from the time of Rao Surjan, who succeeded to the chieftainship in 1554 and by throwing in his lot with the Mahommedan emperors of Delhi (1569) received a considerable accession of territory.
- Tobacco cultivation dates in the States from the very early years of the 17th century, when it was taken up in Virginia.
The mines have been worked for several centuries, but their actual prosperity dates from 1770, when the sinking of the Adalbert shaft began.
The town is a modern growth out of a village surrounding the church of St Giles, which dates from the 13th century, though rebuilt in 1840.
Almost all the institutions of modern states go back to the curia regis, branching off from it at different dates as the growing complexity of business forced differentiation of function and personnel.
The first settlement on the east side of the Bay of Rio de Janeiro dates from 1671, when a chapel was erected at Praia Grande, in the vicinity of an Indian village.
Both are generally bare and unproductive, the uplands, however, contain the fertile valleys of Khaibar and Medina, draining to the Wadi Hamd, the principal river system of western Arabia; and the Wadi Jadid or Es Safra, rising in the Harra between Medina and Es Safina, which contain several settlements, of which the principal produce is dates.
The lower valleys produce dates in abundance, and at higher elevations wheat, barley, millets and excellent fruit are grown, while juniper forests are said to cover the mountain slopes.
Pelly heard of from the Ahl Murra Bedouins as once a fertile district, and which still produces dates, though, owing to malaria, it is now deserted; thence southward to the Hadramut valley no communication is known to exist.
According to one authority their presence in Yemen dates from the time of Solomon, others say from the capture of Jerusalem by Nebuchadrezzar.
The chief items of imports are arms and ammunition, rice, coffee and piece goods; the staple export is dates, which in a good year accounts for nearly half the total; much of the trade is in the hands of British Indians, and of the shipping 92% is British.
And that Ibn Ishaq agrees with Wagidi in certain main dates is important evidence for the trustworthiness of the former also.
The first is quite free from Nestorian influence, dates from some remote period, perhaps prior to 431, and is certainly the most ancient of those now in use in Christendom; the other two, though early, are undoubtedly of later date.
The majority are modern, but the mosque of Aurangzeb, on a lofty site, dates from 1669.
The oldest part of the present edifice dates from the 13th century, and extensive additions have been made since 1887.
There is a considerable export trade in dates.
The church of St Germain also dates from the 12th century, and contains a fine altar-piece by Wappers.
The principal exports are olive oil, wheat, esparto grass, barley, sponges, dates, fish (especially tunny), hides, horses, wool, phosphates, copper, zinc and lead.
The inland telegraph service dates from 1864, when a short line from Callao to Lima was constructed, and state ownership from 1875, when the government assumed control of all lines within the republic, some of which were subsequently handed over to private administration.
(For illustrations see America, Plate V.) The story of the conquest has been told by Prescott and Helps, who give ample references to original authorities; it will be sufficient here to enumerate the dates of the conquest by leading events.
The castle dates from the days of the dukes of Zaringen (11th-12th centuries), the last of whom (Berchtold V.) built walls round the town at its foot, and granted it a charter of liberties.
The Alte Residenz dates from 1601 to 1616; its apartments are handsomely fitted up in the Rococo style, and the private chapel and the treasury contain several crowns and many other interesting and valuable objects.
Historical records supply the following dates of abundant meteoric displays: - These showers occurred at intervals of about one-third of a century, while the day moved along the calendar at the rate of one month in a thousand years.
23 and 24), and the dates indicate an average period of 6.7 years for fifteen returns.
The exact dates of his birth and death are unknown.
The origin of the see of Chieti dates from the 4th century, S.
In the Christian Church the tradition of faith healing dates from the earliest days of Christianity; upon the miracles of the New Testament follow cases of healing, first by the Apostles, then by their successors; but faith healing proper is gradually, from the 3rd century onwards, transformed into trust in relics, though faith cures still occur sporadically in later times.
The Rectory Tower, a turreted gate-house of brick, dates from c. 1495.
The brine conduit to Traunstein dates from 1618.
It was originally erected between 975 and 1009, but has since been repeatedly burned down and rebuilt, and in its present form dates chiefly from the 12th, 13th and 14th centuries.
Its origin dates back to 747, when the city of Mainz was made the seat of an archbishop, and a succession of able and ambitious prelates, obtaining lands and privileges from emperors and others, made of the district under their rule a strong and vigorous state.
A censer lid with a late Saxon tower upon it, now in the British Museum, dates from the 12th century or earlier.
On the north side of the church is a lofty tower, called the tower of Peppin; while the slender brick campanile on the south dates from 1045 to 1178.
The civil station dates from 1894, when there were only a few Taungthu huts on the site.
Of the Protestant churches the oldest is the Nikolaikirche, which dates from the 13th century; the fine cast-iron spire erected in 1843 had to be taken down in 1901.
It is first mentioned in 1322, was bought with the adjacent hostelry in 1405 by the city and rearranged as a town hall, and has since, from time to time, been enlarged by the purchase of adjoining patrician houses, forming a complex of buildings of various styles and dates surmounted by a clock tower.
The façade of the Saalhof in the Saalgasse dates from 1604, the southern wing with the two gables from '715 to 1717.
The present municipal constitution of the city dates from 1867 and presents some points of difference from the ordinary Prussian system.
The parish church dates from 1626.
The church dates from the 12th century.
At all events, the earliest book now extant dates from 712.
Its manufacture as a special branch of art work dates from the rise of the naturalistic school of painting and the great expansion of the popular school under the Katsugawa, but the okimono formed an occasional amusement of the older glyptic artists.
They are family names, and though the dates we have given indicate the eras of the most noted ceramists in each family, amateurs must not draw any chronological conclusion from the mere fact that a specimen bears such and such a name.
Its manufacture dates from the close of the 17th Kutanl century, when the feudal chief of Kaga took the industry under his patronage.
The employment of mother-of-pearl to, ornament lacquer grounds dates from a period as remote as the 8th century, but its use as a material for constructing decorative designs began in the 17th century, and was due to an expert called Shibayama, whose descendant, Shibayama SOichi, has in recent years been associated with the same work in TOkyO.
The present castle dates from 1142, being built by O'Connor, lord of Thomond, and is well restored.
These are of various dates from Norman onwards, but are incorporated with farm buildings.
The dates of his chief works are as follows: 1842, Letters to the Nonconformist, "The Proper Sphere of Government."
That one of the earlier dates is correct seems probable from the fact that the Falashas know nothing of either the Babylonian or Jerusalem Talmud, make no use of phylacteries (tefillin), and observe neither the feast of Purim nor the dedication of the temple.
Ocala was settled in 1845, but its development dates from 1880, when it was first chartered as a city.
The following is a list of the most considerable, with their dates, founders and chief contributors: Tatler (April 12, 1709 to Jan.
The North American Review, the oldest and most famous of all the American reviews, dates from 1815, and was founded by William Tudor, a member of the previously mentioned Anthology Club.
The Christian Examiner dates from 1824 and lasted down to 1870.
The Methodist Magazine dates from 1818 and the Christian Disciple from 1813.
The Archivio storico, consisting of reprints of documents with historical dissertations, dates from 1842, and was founded by Vieusseux and Gino Capponi.
His great political career dates from that day.
It dates from the completion of the railway to the coal mines of Naricual and Capiricual nearly 1 2 m.
His elder brother was born in 1620 and the Cavalier gives 1608 as the date of his birth, so that the facts do not fit the dates.
St Peter's church dates from the 13th century.
At the age of eight he is said to have written a history of Schaffhausen, and at eleven he knew the names and dates of all the kings of the four great monarchies.
The cathedral of St Siegfrid dates from about 1300, but has been restored, the last time in 1898.
The open waterway between Stavoren and Enkhuizen, however, as it now exists, dates from 1400.
bestowed all temporal rights in the region on the bishop (the see dates from the 4th century) and transferred it to Germany, an event which fixed all its later history.
General John Stanwix built Fort Stanwix here at an expense of 60,000, and the first permanent settlement dates from about this time.
107) and dates the invasion (as above) eighty years after the Trojan War; this agrees approximately with the pedigree of the kings of Sparta, as given by Herodotus, and with that of Hecataeus of Miletus (considered as evidence for the foundation date of an Ionian refugee-colony).
The citadel is square with round towers at the angles; it dates from 1304, and is now used as a prison.
It dates its rise from 1836, and takes its name from Sir Peter Hesketh Fleetwood, by whom it was laid out.
The first printed edition of the book, by a certain Blaise de Vigenbre, dates from 1585, is dedicated to the seigniory of Venice (Villehardouin, it should be said, has been accused of a rather unfair predilection for the Venetians), and speaks of either a part or the whole of the memoirs as having been printed twelve years earlier.
It dates from the time of Cortes, who built for himself a residence there, and had the town included in the royal grant to himself in 1529.
The province once formed part of the territory occupied by the Araucanian Indians, and its present political existence dates from 1887.
The systematic and scientific exploration of the Carpathians dates only from the beginning of the 19th century.
high, is a landmark for sailors, dates only from 1819, but occupies the site of what was probably the first collegiate church in Scotland, and contains the large marble monument to Sir George Home, created earl of Dunbar and March by James VI.
Auburn was first settled in 1786, and was incorporated in 1842, but the present charter dates only from 1869.
The head of the Foreign Office is termed principal secretary of state for foreign affairs and his office dates from 1782.
stand the strikingly picturesque ruins of Tantallon Castle, which probably dates from the end of the 14th century and was for many generations the stronghold of the Angus Douglases.
The first Scottish confession dates from 1560.
But Corinth's real prosperity dates from the time of the tyranny (657-581), established by a disqualified noble Cypselus.
The castle dates from the Aragonese period.
The cathedral, built entirely of marble, occupies the site of an earlier church, and was begun in 1396, from which period the nave dates: the façade belongs to 1457-1486, while the east of the exterior was altered into the Renaissance style, and richly decorated with sculptures by Tommaso Rodari in 1487-1526.
(The dates are due to the post-exilic framework in which the stories are inserted.) Still another episode of the same nature is recorded of Isaac and Rebekah at Gerar, also with Abimelech.
The Gothic abbey church dates from the 15th century, but its Romanesque crypt from the 12th.
The task of the chronologer was thus simplified and reduced to a study and comparison of dates in a few leading systems.
They are frequently, however, of very great use in fixing dates that have been otherwise imperfectly expressed, and consequently form important elements of chronology.
Exact dates are fixed for long series of events that previously were quite unknown.
Nevertheless, the Assyriologist speaks with a good deal of confidence of dates as remote as 3800 B.C.,the time ascribed to King Sargon, who was once regarded as a mythical person, but is now known to have been an actual monarch.
As to the exact dates of early Egyptian history there is rather more of vagueness than for the corresponding periods of Mesopotamia.
Even conservative students of the Bible urge that its historical passages must be viewed precisely in the light of any other historical writings of antiquity; and the fact that the oldest Hebrew manuscript dates only from the 8th century A.D., and therefore of necessity brings to us the message of antiquity through the fallible medium of many generations of copyists, is far more clearly kept in mind than it formerly was.
In referring dates expressed by Olympiads to our era, or the contrary, we must therefore distinguish two cases.
The difference, therefore, between 777 and the year in one of the dates will give the year in the otherdate.
Much attention to these particulars is required in the comparison of ancient dates.
In the chronicles of the middle ages much uncertainty frequently arises respecting dates on account of the different epochs assumed for the beginning of the Christian year.
An instance is given, in L' Art de verifier les dates, of a date in which the year is reckoned from the 18th of March; but it is probable that this refers to the astronomical year, and that the 18th of March was taken for the day of the vernal equinox.
A knowledge of the different epochs which have been chosen for the commencement of the year in different countries is indispensably necessary to the right interpretation of ancient chronicles, charters and other documents in which the dates often appear contradictory.
This era, which is still used in the Greek Church, and was followed by the Russians till the time of Peter the Great, dates from the creation of the world.
But in reducing Alexandrian dates to the common era it must be observed that Julius Africanus placed the epoch of the Incarnation three years earlier than it is placed in the usual reckoning, so that the initial day of the Christian era fell in the year 5503 of the Alexandrian era.
Dates expressed according to this era are reduced to the common era by subtracting 5502, up to the Alexandrian year 57 86 inclusive, and after that year by subtracting 5492; but if the date belongs to one of the four last months of the Christian year, we must subtract 5503 till the year 5786, and 5493 after that year.
On account of the difference in the length of the Julian and Babylonian years, the conversion of dates according to the era of Nabonassar into years before Christ is attended with considerable trouble.
The era of the Seleucidae dates from the time of the occupation of Babylon by Seleucus Nicator, 311 years before Christ, in the year of Rome 44 2, and twelve years after the death of Alexander the Great.
But notwithstanding its general prevalence in the East for many centuries, authors using it differ much with regard to their manner of expressing dates, in consequence of the different epochs adopted for the beginning of the year.
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