For relation of Cynicism to contemporary thought, compare Cyrenaics, Megarian School.
Like the Cynics and the Cyrenaics, Euclides started from the Socratic principle that virtue is knowledge.
CYRENAICS, a Greek school of philosophy, so called from Cyrene, the birthplace of the founder, Aristippus.
Socrates had spoken of the higher pleasures of the intellect; the Cyrenaics denied the validity of this distinction and said that bodily pleasures as being more simple and more intense are to be preferred.
This idea, which occupies a prominent position in systems like those of Bentham, Volney, and even Paley, was evidently of prime importance at all events to the later Cyrenaics.
Developing from this is a new point of practical importance to the hedonism of the Cyrenaics.
This extreme or "pure" hedonism regarded as a definite philosophic theory practically died with the Cyrenaics, though the same spirit has frequently found expression in ancient and modern, especially poetical, literature.
See also, beside works quoted under Cyrenaics, Epicurus, &c., and the general histories of philosophy, J.
Here he attached himself in succession to the Academy, the Cynics, the Cyrenaics and the Peripatetics.
By pleasure Epicurus meant both more and less than the Cyrenaics.
To the Cyrenaics pleasure was of moments; to Epicurus it extended as a habit of mind through life.
To the Cyrenaics pleasure was something active and positive; to Epicurus it was rather negative - tranquillity more than vigorous enjoyment.
In contrast to the Cyrenaics and the Epicureans, the Stoics denied that pleasure is actually or ought to be the object of human activity.
This hedonism has perplexed Plato's readers needlessly (as we have said in speaking of the Cyrenaics), inasmuch as hedonism is the most obvious corollary of the Socratic doctrine that the different common notions of good - the beautiful, the pleasant and the useful - were to be somehow interpreted by each other.
His philosophy was eminently practical (see Cyrenaics).
Aristippus (see Cyrenaics) argued that, if all that is beautiful or admirable in conduct has this quality as being useful, i.e.
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