To escape the urgent demands of his creditors, he VIII.
Several banking firms and many individual creditors were ruined by the death of the pope.
Another state could do so, however, and in 1904, certain creditors having given ten of their bonds to South Dakota, the case of South Dakota versus North Carolina came before the Supreme Court.
The debts of the former are stated in the preface to the budget to be very large, and as payments are effected fresh creditors present themselves with undeniable vouchers in their hands, causing much embarrassment to the minister of finance: no figures, however, are given.
With these the creditors could purchase national land, the assignatshaving, for this purpose, the preference over other forms of money.
The right of presentation may be exercised by its owner whether he be an infant, executors, trustees, coparceners (who, if they cannot agree, present in turn in order of age) or mortgagee (who must present the nominee of the mortgagor), or a bankrupt (who, although the advowson belongs to his creditors, yet has the right to present to a vacancy).
He had to meet the cardinal's creditors and to find money for the expenses of the household.
The Law company eventually came to an end fatal to its creditors in France, but its misfortunes did not check the prosperity of " Louisiana."
Now and then it has been dealt with piecemeal, when some particular class of creditors has become too pressing, but it is more than probable that the piece got rid of has been more or less rapidly replaced by fresh liabilities occasioned by budgetary deficits, or by the mere accumulation of interest on debts allowed to run on.
A consolidation was effected in 1793, but the lavish issue of assignats destroyed whatever advantage might have accrued, and the debt was again dealt with by a law of the pth of Vendmiaire year VI: (27th of September 1797), the annual interest paid yearly to creditors then amounting to 40,216000 francs (~i,6oo,ooo).
provides for the repayment of borrowed money to the Jews, and also to other creditors.
This was followed by the loss of these resources, bankruptcy, and eventually the surrender of her principal assets to her foreign creditors.
Parliament would grant the king no supplies, and he could find the means of fitting out a fleet only by defrauding his creditors.
In 1830 the library and museum were presented to him as a free gift by the creditors.
The French king, Louis XIV., and after his death the regent Orleans, gave her a pension, and protected her against her creditors.
In 1748, however, the company broke up, and Lessing, who had allowed himself to become surety for some of the actors' debts, was obliged to leave Leipzig too, in order to escape their creditors.
In the spring of 1833 the store's stock was sold to satisfy its creditors, and Lincoln assumed the firm's debts, which he did not fully pay off for fifteen years.
For several years before 1904 the administration of the railways was carried on by an international or, mixed board for the security of foreign creditors.
In 1875 the 1ea~jflgto impoverishment of the fellah had reached such a ~he depoint that the ordinary resources of the country no Pofo~.kmo:I, longer sufficed for the most urgent necessities of administration; and the khedive Ismail, having repeatedly broken faith with his creditors, could not raise any more loans on the European market.
By the influence of his countless creditors, who desired to be paid out of his estates, and in revenge for his seizure, on claims for debts, of the whole estates of clan Maclean (1674-1680), he was tried and was actually found guilty of treason.
In June 1775 he took his seat in the 1 It was embarrassed with a debt, however, of £3749, which, owing to conditions caused by the War of Independence, he really paid three times to his British creditors (not counting destruction on his estates, of equal amount, ordered by Lord Cornwallis).
In 1774 he was dismissed from the service for absence without leave - in order to escape his creditors.
In 58 he fled to Greece to escape his creditors.
Guilty officials having been severely punished, the fraudulent creditors of the government remained to be dealt with.
By the common law gifts between husband and wife during marriage are void as against creditors.
Financial embarrassments a short time afterward caused Byllynge to assign his shares in trust for his creditors to three Quakers, William Penn, Gawen Lawrie and Nicholas Lucas.
Sir George Carteret had bequeathed his province to eight trustees, who were to administer it for the benefit of his creditors, and for the next two years the government was conducted in the name of his widow and executrix, Lady Elizabeth.
If during his term of office a member of the council becomes bankrupt, or compounds with his creditors, or is (except in case of illness) continuously absent from the county, being chairman for more than two months, or being alderman or councillor for more than six months, his office becomes vacant by declaration of the council.
A councillor may be disqualified in the same way as a county councillor, by bankruptcy or composition with creditors, or continuous absence from the borough (except in case of illness).
Their restoration was, however, soon effected; the constitution was reformed in 1843 education was fostered, and a treaty concluded with the English creditors of the republic. Further progress was made under General Tomas de Mosquera from 1845 to 1848; a large part of the domestic debt was cleared off, immigration was encouraged, and free trade permitted in gold and tobacco.
This is neither assignable by the clergyman during his life, nor can it be seized by his creditors.
But nobody was wronged; his creditors were all paid in time, and his hands were at least clean of traffic in reversions, clerkships, tellerships and all the rest of the rich sinecures which it was thought no shame in those days for the aristocracy of the land and the robe to wrangle for, and gorge themselves upon, with the fierce voracity of famishing wolves.
The real point of this superb declamation was Burke's conviction that ministers supported the claims of the fraudulent creditors in order to secure the corrupt advantages of a sinister parliamentary interest.
The creditors threatened to surrender him to Henry VII., but, more fortunate than his brother, he found a safe refuge at Buda with King Ladislas VI.
Next came the crowd of stockholders and creditors of the state, who, in face of the governments extravagant anarchy, no longer felt safe from partial or total bankruptcy.
the creditors of the state had to suffer several suspensions of payments of their dues, and reductions both of capital and interest.
Consequently, the Spanish government had once more to attempt to make both ends meet by asking its creditors to assent to the suppression of all the amortization of imperial and colonial debts, and to a tax of 20% on the coupons of all the debts, whilst at the same time the Cortes were asked to authorize a consolidation and liquidation of the floating and war debts and an annual increase of 3,200,000 in already heavy taxation.
The disagreeable impression on the public mind thus created was deepened by an unfortunate litigation, lasting for two years (1904-1906), over the deceased queen's will, in which the creditors of the princess Louise, together with princess Stephanie (Countess Lonyay), claimed that under the Belgian law the queen's estate was entitled to half of her husband's property.
The attempt of the latter to utilize Gordon as a counterpoise to the European financiers having failed, Ismail fell into the hands of his creditors, and was deposed by the sultan in the following year in favour of his son Tewfik.
administrators PricewaterhouseCoopers to call a creditors meeting in about a month's time.
An inquiry into the debtor's affairs is made by the Official Receiver and the debtor's assets are realized and distributed among creditors.
balance sheet forecast should also show how your assets are financed - equity, loans and current liabilities such as creditors.
Daewoo Declared Bankrupt Creditors of Daewoo declared south Korea's third biggest carmaker bankrupt last Wednesday after unions rejected a restructuring plan calling for layoffs.
contributoryn first meetings should usually be held on the same day, with the contributories ' meeting immediately following that of the creditors.
Conventional asset protection is not hiding assets, defrauding creditors or evading income taxes.
You may not need to repay creditors in full.
If he decides not to call meetings, he must notify the creditors, contributories and the court of his decision.
If approved, the CVA binds all creditors irrespective of how they voted and allows the directors to retain control of their company.
Many small businesses will be among the unsecured creditors who will benefit.
The Administrator will now be able to distribute funds to secured and preferential creditors.
Furthermore, with consent of the Court, he will be able to pay dividends to non-preferential creditors.
A debtor who is not insolvent may also execute a deed in favor of his/her creditors generally.
First, some nineteen multilateral creditors hold Third World debts.
Her income is too low to be able to make offers of repayment to her non-priority creditors.
creditors ' voluntary liquidation and the third be dissolved.
creditors ' committee.
A copy of this report and accounts should be sent to the debtor and all the debtor's creditors of whom he/she is aware.
creditors in the earlier bankruptcy.
The rights of secured creditors of the debtor, and of preferential creditors of the debtor, and of preferential creditors, cannot be affected without the agreement of the creditors concerned.
Creditors employ a variety of tactics to trace debtors.
For the purposes of notes 22, 23 and 25 to 28, short-term debtors and creditors have been excluded.
debtor's earnings, to pay creditors.
Both have a history of debt and poverty for which the countries ' dictators and western creditors share the blame.
disincentives for future creditors designed to discourage a creditor attack.
extravagance in dress is a sin against the 8th command, as it robs your creditors, your family, or the poor.
intestate law is the law that decides how assets are transferred and creditors satisfie.. .
The creditors may either confirm the appointment of the members ' nominee or nominate a liquidator of their choice.
meeting of creditors.
negotiate with creditors and represent clients at court or tribunal.
notify the creditors, contributories and the court of his decision.
pendency of a bankruptcy proceeding, the debtor is protected from extra-bankruptcy action by creditors by a legally imposed stay.
Creditors who were owed more than £ 50 could petition for bankruptcy proceedings.
This allows a temporary respite from any action by creditors.
An IVA reflects favorably on an individual's financial responsibility by endeavoring to maximize the return to the creditors.
Creditors and dissenting shareholders may object to the court against such payment.
Creditors (especially unsecured creditors) would not receive the likely increased returns that the changes will bring.
unsecured creditors who will benefit.
From the third millenium onward, private creditors waged a struggle to obtain the land's crop usufruct at the expense of the palace.
President Castro was for eight years a dictator, ruling by corrupt and revolutionary methods, and in defiance of obligations to the foreign creditors.
His misfortunes made him write both feelingly and forcibly on the bankruptcy laws; and although his creditors accepted a composition, he afterwards honourably paid them in full, a fact attested by independent and not very friendly witnesses.
After it had vainly attempted to throw off the yoke by force of arms, it purchased its freedom in 1366; but, unable to reimburse the creditors who had advanced the money, it was, in 1368, obliged to recognize the supremacy of the house of Hapsburg.
As always happens in such cases rivalry sprang up as to which should get paid first, and those who like Mitenka held promissory notes given them as presents now became the most exacting of the creditors.
An IVA reflects favorably on an individual 's financial responsibility by endeavoring to maximize the return to the creditors.
From the third millenium onward, private creditors waged a struggle to obtain the land 's crop usufruct at the expense of the palace.
Some creditors may even accept write-downs of debt if they think the company will survive and prosper long term.
The stakeholders (employees, customers, creditors, investors, etc) didn't see it coming and then boom, the company just announces one day that it's all over.
If the original property owner declares bankruptcy, creditors have priority over a tax lien holder.
Creditors will see this information when they request a copy of your report, though it may or may not affect the response you get.
Its general purpose is to determine how much debt you have and to negotiate with your creditors to reduce its amount.
It helps relieve you from debt and gives creditors a portion of what they are owed.
Are you receiving calls from creditors because you're failing to make some or all of your required payments?
Sometimes, they are paid a percentage of how much debt you repay your creditors, whereas other times they receive a flat fee from them.
This is because many creditors pay them for helping recover as outstanding debts.
Essentially, they assist consumers with negotiating the total amount of debt owed, combining it into a single, lump sum and distributing the monthly payment on the debt to creditors.
To do so, they negotiate directly with creditors, explaining that the total amount they owed cannot be paid and determining the minimum amount the creditor will accept.
After completing negotiations, the program explains the monthly payment the client must make, accepts that payment, and distributes that to the creditors according to how much they are owed.
Essentially, the federal court system tells creditors how much money they will receive and disburses the consumer's estate accordingly.
If, for example, you receive a tax refund, you may wish to contact your creditors and negotiate a settlement offer since you have money in hand.
The creditors may know you have no other way to pay your debt and thus agree to work with you.
There's also an option of automatic withdrawal, in which you establish a payment withdrawal date with creditors and they deduct the monthly amount.
If a consumer is having trouble covering debts, he or she can contact creditors to try to work out a payment plan.
Creditors can still take legal action to collect money that is owed.
Work out a payment plan with creditors so they'll stop calling for payment.
This means that you shouldn't allow yourself to leave bills unopened or avoid staying in contact with the creditors to whom you owe money.
By negotiating with your creditors, you may be able to get your total amount of debt lowered to a more realistic goal.
Creditors are willing to take the lower amount rather than not receive any payment at all or to receive small payments over the course of years.
When the creditors come looking for their money, they will come to you.
One of the most immediate benefits of this type of program is that creditors will stop making phone calls demanding payment.
With a negotiated payment plan, you will not have to make payments directly to your creditors.
The company will negotiate with your creditors for a lower payoff, usually around 40 to 50 percent of your total debt.
Once your creditors agree to a lower settlement of your debts, the negotiation company makes a lump sum payment to those creditors out of the payments you have banked with the negotiation company.
You get bonus points for having long-standing relationships with creditors.
Most creditors try to make the process as convenient as possible by offering several payment options.
Some online bill paying services will only work with creditors that allow electronic payments.
If all your creditors do not allow electronic payments, then you are still going to have to pay some bills the old fashioned way.
The bill paying service you choose will help you notify your creditors of the change of address.
Consumer rights when dealing with creditors.
There is a common misconception that creditors will only negotiate with account holders if the account has already moved into delinquent status.
Instead of waiting until you are behind in payments on your debt you should take a proactive stance and contact your creditors to explain the situation.
Creditors sometimes resort to filing paperwork for a judgment against you.
Changing the bank you do business with won't help either; creditors will file a lien request with all of the banks in the state in which you reside.
If you find that you are having trouble making your minimum monthly payments to your creditors, you can call them yourself and request that they grant you smaller payments temporarily while you get your financial act together.
Some creditors will actually suspend your interest if you contact them and let them know about your situation.
If you don't pay as agreed, the creditors are not going to be nearly as forgiving as they once were.
This may involve paying off old debts, making arrangements with creditors, searching for evidence of identity theft, or clearing up incorrect information.
These services will work with your creditors to set up regular payment plans.
They don't or say they can't work with all of your creditors.
The last thing you need is to get involved with a company that gladly takes your money but doesn't forward it in a timely manner to your creditors.
Most creditors will settle an account for 60 percent of the total amount due.
They may be able to negotiate with your creditors to reduce penalties and interest, but the decision is up to the creditors.
Creditors may forgive some of the interest and penalties, but they typically do not reduce principal.
Your payments should go directly to your creditors and should not include "donations" or other hidden payments to the counseling company.
These fees are primarily paid by creditors.
Creditors may only report account balances, the status of the account(s) and the date the account was opened.
You need to stay in touch with your creditors and let them know the status of your next payment.
Negotiate with creditors - If you cannot even make minimum payments, ask your creditors for temporary hardship status.
Some creditors will work out payment plans with you.
Attempt debt resolution - A debt resolution firm will negotiate with creditors on your behalf to lower principal amounts due.
Once you have completed the consolidation program, you can request that your creditors re-open the account.
In effect, you cease to pay $30 here and $200 there; you send one big, fat check to the organization, who then divvies up the bucks to your creditors according to the agreements they've made.
Not only does the organization handle the day-to-day contact with the creditors (hopefully ending those unpleasant phone calls), but by engaging in a DMP they often waive some or even all extra fees and charges for your pre-DMP mess.
Say they collect $2,000 a month from you, yet only pay $1,200 to your creditors.
They may consistently underpay certain creditors, which makes it harder to detect since partial payments tend to set off fewer red flags than no payments, and thus can drag the scam out for months and months.
The only way to be certain is to study the monthly statements very carefully, and call your creditors to verify that they have indeed received the correct amount in an orderly fashion.
Instead, the debt consolidation service takes over the contact with the creditors, negotiates acceptable terms with all parties, and starts divvying up your lump sum payment accordingly.
Secondly, the creditors know that if you're in deep enough to get help, it means they, too, are walking on thin ice.
In return, the organization will get in touch with the creditors and make deals with them.
The program is a process in which the debt consolidation company works with creditors and the borrower to structure a more affordable payment plan to help the borrower to get out of debt.
This payment includes the minimal payments negotiated with the creditors and a small fee, if applicable.
The debt consolidation company then makes a payment to the creditors on behalf of the borrower.
Reduction of Interest Rates: Because the company has a working relationship with the creditors, they may be able to negotiate a lower interest rate for the borrower.
Companies that purchase outstanding debts from creditors and then try to collect the debt from the consumer.
Correspondence - Make sure you receive a copy of all the correspondence the debt settlement company sends to your creditors on your behalf.
EbooksHub has a free book that gives the consumer over two dozen sample letters to use as templates for letters to creditors.
Creditors send these letters, usually, for one of two reasons.
Those who avoid contacting their creditors are likely to receive phone calls and pursued aggressively by collection agencies, attorneys and the creditor themselves.
Creditors base their approval or disapproval decisions on whether or not it appears that the applicant will pay back the debt as agreed.
Essentially, the consumer makes one monthly payment to the service, which in turn pays the creditors.
Even if the company checks out, it is often a better idea to contact creditors directly.
The statute of limitations does not stop collectors from legally pursuing payment, but it does prohibit lawsuits from creditors in an attempt to collect payment.
Accepting debt settlements can be financially feasible for creditors and collection agencies, especially when the debt was purchased from the original creditor for pennies on the dollar.
It is certainly worth it to try to attempt to negotiate a debt settlement because most creditors have some wiggle room in how much money they can accept for a debt.
Most creditors and collection agencies already have a specific percentage of the full debt amount that they will accept for a settlement.
These companies work on your behalf to negotiate the settlement directly with the creditors or collection agencies.
While this can be a good option for people who are apprehensive about approaching creditors on their own, you can do your own debt settlement.
You will not know the accepted debt settlement amount until you complete negotiations with your creditors.
A debt relief, or debt settlement, company has the responsibility of working with your creditors to try to get them to lower your interest rate, lower your payments, or both.
The representative works as a mediator so that you do not have to deal with creditors yourself.
This can be appealing if you find the task of dealing directly with creditors to be frustrating and intimidating.
Once you've taken care of that, noting that some creditors will say yes while others will say no, it's time to see how much money you have available to put toward your bills each month.
They serve as advocates for consumers and as mediators with consumers' creditors.
Many creditors will agree to lower your debt or your payments if you confess to your financial difficulties.
LTK: What happens to creditors who break these laws?
If you have so much debt you can't make your monthly payments or you feel as if you will never be able to climb out, you can consider contacting your creditors to try to settle your debt for less than what you owe.
Some creditors will be willing to negotiate your debt, especially if you are able to make a lump sum payment of cash or if you are behind on your payments and your account is in danger of being sent to collections.
If you opt for this method, make sure you get everything in writing in regards to your debt settlement agreement before you send money to your creditors.
These services provide you with budgeting help and work with your creditors to find a payment solution for your debt.
However, creditors do not have to work with you through these relationships.
Federal law prohibits creditors or collection agencies from threatening you with arrest if you don't pay your debt.
Some creditors will offer you special deals for balance transfers, such as 0 percent for a set period of time (anywhere from six months to 18 months) if you transfer the balance.
A counselor will meet with you and then talk to your creditors about changing the payment terms.
Debt management services are not free, although you can justify the cost of one of these services if they get you a significantly more affordable deal with your creditors.
Forbearance doesn't change the amount of money you owe to creditors.
If you choose to negotiate with creditors yourself instead of hiring a debt management counselor, prepare to make many phone calls and talk to several different employees of each company.
Creditors are willing to negotiate a settlement if they know they cannot sue.
A few creditors such as Capital One, CitiBank and Bank of America have either removed the arbitration clause or changed it, so it no longer benefits the consumer.
The copy of this filing must show that a report has been filed not only with your creditors but also with some level of government law enforcement, whether local, state, or federal.
Consumers should also contact any creditors involved with the errors.
Contact your creditors to alert them of the fraud.
An attorney will take over the burden of dealing directly with the creditors on behalf of the consumer.
Hire an attorney if creditors are persistently hassling you for payment to accounts that are not your legal obligation.
A TransUnion fraud alert will notify potential creditors that you may have been a victim of identity theft.
By filing for bankruptcy, you've proven to creditors that you are a high risk borrower.
Some creditors specifically target people who have recently discharged bankruptcies because the creditors know that there is a certain period of time before these consumers will be eligible to file for bankruptcy again.
Creditors consider consumers as either prime borrowers or subprime borrowers.
For example, most creditors consider a consumer with a score above 750 as prime borrowers.
Monthly Maintenance Charge - Some creditors charge a small amount of money each month directly to your card for "account maintenance."
However, not all creditors charge this fee and its best you avoid it if possible.
Creditors can pursue each individual partner's business and personal assets to collect on the debt should the debtor fail to repay the debt as agreed.
Creditors may not base the decision to lend to you on this information.
If you have debt and creditors harass you, it pays to know your rights.
Find more money by calling all of your creditors and asking them to lower your interest rate.
Would you rather have to keep track of three creditors or one?
Many times, creditors prefer settling old debts to writing them off.
Contact creditors to see if old debts can be reduced, settled, or dismissed completely.
Don't be afraid to offer your creditors less per month than the minimum payment, because most lenders are just happy to get a payment and won't balk at the amount as long as it has all been worked out beforehand.
Any remaining money is disbursed to the deceased borrower's estate, which is used to pay any remaining creditors and also as inheritance to specified heirs.
When this happens, all creditors receive notification by the government that the lien is in place.
In some cases, especially if you work with a new lender, a title search may be performed to ensure that there are no creditors who have a lien on your home.
The American taxpayers' dollars were thus used to keep the creditors satisfied.
Working up a debt management plan with an agency that will negotiate on your behalf assures creditors of your intent to pay off all debt.
Many agencies receive both commission from creditors and fees from you, so review the contract carefully.
Instead of paying all of your creditors directly, you pay CCCS one lump sum each month and they distribute the money as needed.
If you owe $4,000, $1,500, and $500 to three separate creditors, paying the $4,000 debt will take quite some time.
There is an calculator and a payment schedule, with listings for up to 10 different creditors.
Some systems collect information from financial institutions and creditors on a schedule you establish, and can be designed to automatically withdrawal funds for paying bills, depositing savings account installments, and making investments.
Data is gathered from creditors and other sources and transmitted to the bureau via phone line, or sent as a batch processing on a CD.
Some creditors may not want to take the time to research and find disputed data, correctly thinking that they are in business to make money, not to chase ghost accounts already written off.
Sometimes even if you've paid off an account on time, especially those you've reached a verbal agreement on, unscrupulous creditors will list them negatively or toss them to a collection agency.
Once you file for bankruptcy, the responsibility of collecting the non-exempt assets to be liquidated is given to an appointed trustee who takes care of selling them in order to pay your creditors.
Limitations on creditors: Not allowed to contact business owner in regards to debt collection.
To understand bankruptcy and how creditors get their money, first it is important to realize there are secured creditors and unsecured creditors.
This is why secured creditors get paid first.
There are several types of bankruptcy, and in some cases, companies declare bankruptcy so that they can renegotiate loans and obligations with creditors.
Before finalizing the closure of your business it is necessary to notify creditors of your plans to go out of business.
Upon deciding to close your business, it's important to take steps to ensure that all of the company's debts and financial operations have been paid or settled in a manner that is satisfactory to its creditors.
Whether you're closing because you can't pay creditors, are ready to start a new venture or some reason in between, going out of business also needs a plan.
Creditors should be paid to the best of your ability.
Once things are settled, request a letter from your creditors that states your debts are paid or cleared.
In this case, all of your assets will be sold to pay creditors.
This shows creditors how the business manages its finances.
Besides receiving taxes, they pay the creditors of the state in their departments, conduct all operations affecting departmental loans, buy and sell government stock (rentes) on behalf of individuals, and conduct certain banking operations.
The Roman Catholic landowners lost their estates, all or part according to their degree of guilt, and these were distributed among Cromwell's soldiers and the creditors of the government; Cromwell also invited new settlers from home and from New England, two-thirds of the whole land of Ireland being thus transferred to new proprietors.
Where a debtor has committed any act of bankruptcy a creditor or creditors whose aggregate claims are not less than £50 may proceed against him in bankruptcy.
Other creditors were also protected, and the property of an intestate must be distributed to his heirs under the supervision of the church.
They brought to the support of that instrument "the areas of intercourse and wealth" (Libby), the influence of the commercial towns, the greater planters, the army officers, creditors and property-holders generally, - in short, of interests that had felt the evils of the weak government of the Confederation, - and alsc of some few true nationalists (few, because there was as yet no general national feeling), actuated by political principles of centralization independently of motives of expediency and self-interest.
His wild extravagance, however, forced his father to forestall his creditors by securing his detention in semi-exile in the country, where he wrote his earliest extant work, the Essai sur le despotisme.
a preferential right over ordinary creditors, and extending, subject to certain limitations, over the whole stock and crop of the tenant.
If the test of the settlement were not frequently applied, speculators who were unfortunate would be tempted to plunge deeper until finally some became insolvent for large sums. As it is, the speculator who has incurred losses beyond his means tends to be discovered before his creditors are heavily involved.
Byllynge, having become embarrassed in his circumstances, placed his interest in the land in the hands of Penn and Bothers as trustees for his creditors; they invited buyers, and companies of Quakers in Yorkshire and London were amongst :the largest purchasers.
The enslavement of creditors, overwhelmed with usury in consequence of losses by hostile raids or their own absence on military service, led to the secession to the Mons Sacer (493 B.C.).
The Poetelian law (326 B.C.) restricted the creditor's lien (by virtue of a nexum) to the goods of his debtor, and enacted that for the future no debtor should be put in chains; but we hear of debtors addicti to their creditors by the tribunals long after - even in the time of the Punic Wars.
The assignats were first to be paid to the creditors of the state.
Laurent tells us that the present government having found it absolutely impossible to arrive at even an approximate estimate of this " occult debt," recourse was had, in order to fix it, to the creditors themselves, and a short act of parliament was passed declaring all debts prescribed which should not be claimed by a fixed date.
Considering the dilatory methods of Orientals, even when they are creditors, it is doubtful whether this sum adequately covers the whole of the claims outstanding, and it may be found difficult, even for a parliament, to refuse claims which should equitably be admitted and which may be preferred later.
The president-elect accordingly undertook with the full approval of Dr Moraes, who was still in office, the task of visiting Europe with the object of endeavouring to make an arrangement with the creditors of the state for a temporary suspension of payments.
The property of the corporation was valued at £271,658 against a debt of £425,195, which was compounded for by the issue of 3% annuity bonds - the loss to the creditors amounting to 25% of their claims.
His debts were enormous, and in 1675 he resolved to make over to his creditors all his income except twenty thousand livres, and, as he said, to "live for" them.
His finances, therefore, remained embarrassed despite the comparative pause in the war, although in 1339 he had repudiated his debt to his Italian creditors, a default that brought about widespread misery in Florence.
The Vienna Creditors' Association for the protection of claims in bankruptcies had in 1909- It fresh failures with liabilities of 45, 40 and 43 millions of kronen respectively.
An arrangement with the creditors was concluded in 1888; but in 1895 the republic again became bankrupt, and a fresh arrangement was sanctioned in March 1897, by which the interest on £1,475,000 was reduced to 22% and that on £525,000 to 3%.
Jecker's creditors were mostly French, but he still held most of the bonds, and there is reason to believe that he won over Dubois de Saligny by corrupt means to support his claims. Intercepted correspondence (since confirmed from the archives of the Tuileries) showed that the Duc de Morny promised Jecker his patronage in return for 30% of the profits (De la Gorce, Hist.
It was admitted that he had borrowed largely from the treasury, on the security of his civil list, and the Republican deputies accused him of endeavouring to assign the tobacco monopoly to one of his own foreign creditors, in settlement of the debt.
The khedive, however, felt compelled, when as a sop to his European creditors he assumed the position of a constitutional monarch, to nominate Riaz as a member of the first Egyptian cabinet.
One is to hyperinflate currency, which is a massive transfer of wealth from creditors to debtors.
She included among her enemies the creditors and all who had business dealings with her father, and always at the thought of enemies and those who hated her she remembered Anatole who had done her so much harm--and though he did not hate her she gladly prayed for him as for an enemy.
And to avoid being imprisoned for the remainder, as the creditors threatened, he re-entered the government service.
The word usage examples above have been gathered from various sources to reflect current and historial usage. They do not represent the opinions of YourDictionary.com.