France assimilated the craft of glass-making, and her craftsmen acquired a wide reputation.
The interior was marble and polished wood, dating back to a time when first generation craftsmen took pride in their workmanship.
To this class belonged the king and court, the higher officials, the professions and craftsmen.
To obtain the effect it was necessary to reproduce as far as possible the conditions under which the early craftsmen worked, and to create scientifically glass which is impure in colour, irregular in section, and non-homogeneous in texture.
Glass-blowers may have been amongst their captive craftsmen, and may have started the industry in Egypt.
was royally entertained on the 3rd of August 1617, and afterwards presented the seven incorporated trades with a silver gun to encourage the craftsmen in the practice of musketry.
Assyrian and afterwards Greek craftsmen working for Scythic employers were compelled to decorate these outlandish forms, which they did according to their own fashion: but there was also a native style with conventionalized beast decoration, which was almost always employed for the adornment of bits and horses' gear, and very often for weapons.
It is said that the glass industry was established at Altare, in the 11th century, by French craftsmen.
It was well adapted for receiving cut and engraved decoration, and in these processes the German craftsmen proved themselves to be exceptionally skilful.
Historians have expressed divergent views regarding the early relations of the craftsmen and their fraternities to the gild merchant.
Separate societies of craftsmen were formed in England soon after the gild merchant came into existence; but at first they were few in number.
As has already been intimated, however, many artisans probably belonged both to their own craft fraternity and to the gild merchant, and the latter, owing to its great power in the town, may have exercised some sort of supervision over the craftsmen and their societies.
Many master craftsmen now became wealthy employers of labour, dealing extensively in the wares which they produced.
When these various unions of dealers and of craftsmen embraced all the trades and branches of production in the town, little or no vitality remained in the old gild merchant; it ceased to have an independent sphere of activity.
A widespread movement of this sort would scarcely be found in England, where trade and industry were less developed than on the continent, and where the motives of a class conflict between merchants and craftsmen were less potent.
Whatever power they did secure, whether as potent subsidiary organs of the municipal polity for the regulation of trade, or as the chief or sole medium for the acquisition of citizenship, or as integral parts of the common council, was, generally speaking, the logical sequence of a gradual economic development, and not the outgrowth of a revolutionary movement by which oppressed craftsmen endeavoured to throw off the yoke of an arrogant patrician gild merchant.
The names of the engravers who cut his designs are not known, and in fact the reputation of these craftsmen is curiously subordinated to that of the designers in all Japanese work of the kind.
He and the craftsmen of the school he established completely refute the theory that the anatomical solecisms commonly seen in the works of Japanese sculptors are due to faulty observation.
He agreed to pay to Decebalus an annual subsidy, and to supply him with engineers and craftsmen skilled in all kinds of construction, but particularly in the erection of fortifications and defensive works.
Engineers and other craftsmen make extensive use of abrasion, effected by the aid of such abrasives as emery and carborundum, in shaping, finishing and polishing their work.
Not counting the craftsmen employed in merely manual labour, Aldo entertained as many as thirty of these Greek assistants in his family.
But though in Bremen the efforts of the craftsmen's "arts" to secure a share of power had been held in check and the gilds never gained any importance, the city government did not, as at Cologne and elsewhere, develop into a close patrician oligarchy.
At the meeting of the states in 1604 Duke Charles assumed the Swedish crown as Charles IX.; and not long afterwards Duke John of Ostergotland introduced German craftsmen into Norrkoping, and thus originated its industrial activity.
In the 13th century the archbishops made repeated efforts to reassert their authority, and in 1259 Archbishop Conrad of Hochstaden, by appealing to the democratic element of the population, the "brotherhoods" (fraternitates) of the craftsmen, succeeded in overthrowing the Richerzeche and driving its members into exile.
This led to the enrichment of the archivolts and imposts with that peculiar type of conventional foliage which characterizes Mahommedan work, and which in this case was carried out by Coptic craftsmen.
The explanation of the fact may partly be that the mechanical and other discoveries of the most ingenious minds among them, when not in constant requisition by later generations, were misunderstood or forgotten, and even in other cases were preserved only as rules of thumb by the craftsmen and experts, who would jealously hide them as secrets of trade.
It was valuable in teaching how to work within definite limitations, but without slavish copying; it also emancipated a considerable body of craftsmen from the tyranny of manufacturers whose sole idea was that machine-work should supersede handicraft.
The technical schools have also been of immense service in creating a class of self-respecting craftsmen, whose wages enable them to regard their work as worthy occupation abounding in interest.
This large class of designers and craftsmen, to whom a thorough knowledge of the history of design is a necessity, follows and develops traditional lines.
Thus the official inspection of markets, community of interests on the part of the craftsmen, and co-operation for social and religious ends, worked together in the formation of craft-gilds.
The fact that the craftsmen were a homogeneous order will account for the wide authority claimed by their societies, and the important public powers which were conceded to them.
The company, or rather, the wardens, the assistants and livery presented a petition to the lord mayor, which was answered by the discontented craftsmen.
Click here to learn more about Ann Boleyn Beginnings Artigiano Individually hand thrown and painted ceramics produced by the finest Italian craftsmen.
craftsmanlass="ex">Spode's craftsmen have been designing and manufacturing some of the finest ceramics ever produced for over 200 years.
craftsmanbusiness expanded so he began to employ craftsmen whom he trained.
craftsmancommitted to training the craftsmen of the future - with over 40 apprentices currently employed.
craftsman many skilled craftsmen fall to the Plague?
craftsman custom framing options online - all framing is handmade by Easyart's own team of experienced craftsmen.
craftsmanayed well, but could not match the liquid skills of the Italian master craftsmen.
craftsmanstaff of 12 dedicated craftsmen we are the leading mini restoration company in the UK.
craftsmanre carved by the Aboriginal craftsmen to represent the souls of the dead - markers that are equivalent to our gravestones.
craftsmanlding has been sympathetically restored by local craftsmen and converted to quality office accommodation.
craftsmane masterpieces of sheet metal fabrication and I hoped that they had been constructed by local craftsmen.
craftsmane bush beds, built by local craftsmen, with gnarled logs at each corner, are draped with mosquito netting.
craftsmanigns are hand block printed by master craftsmen using traditional Indian block printing methods.
craftsmane from the office junior to master craftsmen were proud of the label.
craftsmangrounds, a rustic stone pool to swim in, and local leather craftsmen to watch.
craftsmanarket models were subbed out to specialist craftsmen in the UK.
craftsmans are produced in the UK by a team of expert craftsmen to an exacting standard.
Some top cymbals are hand hammered by skilled craftsmen who have learned a craft passed down over the centuries.
Our vast range is all handcrafted using traditional methods by individual craftsmen who combine tradition with contemporary design.
Handmade by craftsmen in the country's second oldest foundry.
Shortly afterward the local goldsmith John Elston seems to have brought London craftsmen, skilled in making complex objects, to Exeter.
handmade by craftsmen in Cornwall and are suitable for everyone both young and old.
The event: Stained glass master craftsmen and manuscript illuminators in costume demonstrated the medieval skills.
Masks and crafts Portuguese traders first bought worked ivory, bone and wooden statues from native craftsmen over 500 years ago.
journeymans of these families included various journeymen and craftsmen, as well as lawyer and tutor.
master craftsmen were proud of the label.
They are excellent craftsmen and produce suberb metalwork and jewelry.
Made in Sheffield by local craftsmen, it is an item of quality combined with Nick's trademark panache and self-confidence.
sheepskin boots are handmade by craftsmen in Cornwall and are suitable for everyone both young and old.
skilled craftsmen in their own workshop.
It is a town to which many builders have contributed, from the medieval stonemasons to the craftsmen that created the splendid Georgian facades.
Most of the Florentine production was devoted to cabinets and table tops which provided the best vehicles to display the virtuosity of the craftsmen.
The Dutch brought Indonesian craftsmen to teach the craft to Dutch warders in several factories in Holland from 1835.
The finest and softest Faux Furs which are then individually made in their own workrooms by highly skilled craftsmen.
Infinitely greater as a designer was Alfred Stevens, whose influence on English craftsmen might be regarded as almost comparable to that of Michelangelo on that of his Italian contemporaries.
Nevertheless, the result is not a national art, but the art of a world-empire; and it is obvious that foreign craftsmen must have been active in the royal services among them, the Greek sculptor Telephanes of Phocaea (Pliny xxxiv.
ministerium, service, employment, and meant a trade or craft, and hence the plays acted by craftsmen and members of gilds were called "mystery plays" (see Drama).
When al-Mansur, however, was building Bagdad (145-149) Abu IIanifa was one of the four overseers whom he appointed over the craftsmen (G.
Craftsmen and industrious artisans, return to your work, your houses, your shops, where the protection of guards awaits you!
The company 's skilled craftsmen can repair and refinish damaged wood and metal work.
Many items are made by their skilled craftsmen in their own workshop.
That said, today there are only a handful of craftsmen left practicing the art of trug making.
If you live in the mountains, you may already know craftsmen who design and make rocking chairs.
Pewter Mint Julep cups were inspired by the works of early craftsmen in the south.The cup is traditionally 6.5 inches tall, with a top diameter of 4 inches, a flat bottom and straight sides that flare only slightly at the top.
The craftsmen at Thomasville use solid woods and veneers to create their fine wooden pieces.
When evaluating new or used Thomasville wooden furniture, interpret very narrow and small cracks as part of the beauty of wood furniture made by master craftsmen.
Although the bark is often removed by machine, there are still craftsmen that peel and sand the logs by hand.
These are often found out in the country in the areas where these people live, but because you can find a lot of pieces in one place, it's more efficient than visiting the individual craftsmen.
Nowadays many non-Amish retailers run websites on behalf of the craftsmen.
Beautifully crafted Amish home furniture includes a selection of simple yet elegant designs created by skilled craftsmen known for their quality workmanship and attention to details.
Amish furniture craftsmen begin learning their trade as young men working with their fathers.
As time passes, they learn the skills needed to become master craftsmen creating the unique quality furniture of the Amish.
Although much of the furniture produced by the Amish is completely hand crafted using simple tools, there are some Amish furniture craftsmen that use modern technology combined with their old world skills.
These craftsmen use modern woodworking tools such as wood joining tools, table saws and band saws.
Within these areas many craftsmen produce their furniture pieces in small family-owned shops.
Often their pieces are sold through retail stores, both on and off line, that handle furniture from a number of different Amish craftsmen.
Amish furniture craftsmen use many different types of wood while making their beautiful creations.
In many pieces of Amish furniture, especially for pieces made of white oak, craftsmen use lumber that is quarter sawn rather than plain sawn.
The skills of the trade are passed down from generation to generation as the young apprentices become master craftsmen.
All of the furniture offered at the Amish Outlet Store is handmade by Amish master craftsmen from the surrounding area.
When you are shopping for Amish furniture in Ohio you will not be disappointed in the superior quality and workmanship of the pieces created by these master craftsmen.
Some are quaint country gift shops featuring pieces from craftsmen living nearby.
The following Michigan retailers are a small sampling of the many businesses offering beautiful, high quality furniture made by Amish craftsmen in the area.
The store carries a wide selection of solid wood furniture beautifully handcrafted by Amish master craftsmen.
Built by hand with special attention paid to every detail, the master craftsmen creating Amish furniture in Wisconsin take pride in the high quality of their work and the beautifully crafted finished furniture pieces.
If you need custom work done, these talented artisans and craftsmen are more than happy to work with you.
Previously, a piece of furniture traditionally had to be either handmade by a family or craftsmen or artisans had to be commissioned to make a piece of furniture to order.
Folk artists are typically from rural or pre-industrial societies and relate to craftsmen more than fine artists.
These master craftsmen utilized color the way many artists used form.
Enter Teroforma, a way for us to collaborate with great designers and craftsmen around the world to bring our ideas to life.
Rather, you are assembling a guitar from pre-made parts. Craftsmen who construct guitars are known as luthiers.
Each batch is created by dedicated craftsmen and women who transform the raw products into stunning, glimmering tile.
Once it becomes molten, the craftsmen hand-ladle the mixture into iron molds.
The Memoire collections are replicas of jewelry from earlier times and are created by the Meilleurs Ouviers de France, or the Best Craftsmen in France.
Monks or craftsmen of Pisa or Venice, Italy used magnifying glass set in bone, leather, and metal in an inverted V shape to create the first eyeglasses that could be balanced on the nose.
The furniture craftsmen built furniture out of any woods common in the areas that they were building the missionaries in.
These craftsmen and craftswomen take as much pride in their creations as did the Jin Sha monk so long ago.
These craftsmen realize the workmanship, durability and history of an old quality tool.
Craftsmen in the mountains created rocking chairs from rough hewn wood or twigs.
Glass lamp shades were created by craftsmen.
Since 1915, three generations of craftsmen have worked to make this company a success.
Custom rings are also available, with Beaudry craftsmen initially sketching a unique design and working with the couple during every step of the process to fashion the precise ring they desire.
The company's in house craftsmen design each piece with utmost care, ensuring that they are of the highest quality, as befits the royalty that frequents the company.
Tiny, delicate carvings along the edges of the ring would have been difficult to even the most skilled of craftsmen in the past but are possible today.
Francois I eschewed the established diamond cutters of Paris for those craftsmen of Antwerp, setting a precedent that is still in effect today.
The Antwerp craftsmen met the challenge and developed techniques and skills that transformed the mediocre stones into expertly cut gems.
This flooded Europe with rough diamonds and within a few months the talented Antwerp craftsmen were again creating top quality gemstones, better than ever before because of the techniques that they had developed.
Craftsmen fire the ring blank in an oxygen-free furnace at 6,200 degrees Fahrenheit.
After heating the ring, craftsmen cut and shape the tungsten with diamond tools in an intricate 40 step process.
Since then, they have offered hand-tooled leather goods.The leather tooling is done by craftsmen from the Guarani Indian tribe.
Craftsmen slow down and concentrate on what they're doing so that you can have the ideal, dependable machine you deserve.
Only 23 years old at the time, young Brandt set about assembling his pocket watches by hand with parts purchased from craftsmen and then traveled around Europe to sell them.
The company's craftsmen successfully meld modern ingenuity with a traditional timekeeping ethic, resulting in stunning watches that also happen to keep great time.
If there is a local organization dedicated to crafting in your area, such as the Mobile, AL Port City Craftsmen group, the members can be a great resource for providing suggestions for where to find the best selection of supplies.
Each year there are dozens of different music artists, comedians and craftsmen at Bonnaroo.
The manufacture, modelling and painting of faience objects, and the making of inlays in many materials were also familiar to Aegean craftsmen, who show in all their best work a strong sense of natural form and an appreciation of ideal balance and decorative effect, such as are seen in the best products of later Hellenic art.
The wars of this nation with the Tepanecs, which went on into the 15th century, were merely destructive, but larger effects arose from the expeditions under the Culhua king Acamapichtli, where the Aztec warriors were prominent, and which extended far outside the valley of Anahuac. Especially a foray southward to Quauhnahuac, now Cuernavaca, on the watershed between the Atlantic and Pacific, brought goldsmiths and other craftsmen to Tenochtitlan, which now began to rise in arts, the Aztecs laying aside their rude garments of aloe-fibre for more costly clothing, and going out as traders for foreign merchandise.
On the continent of Europe, France was the first to recognize the merits of its bygone designers and craftsmen, and even antecedent to the Exhibition of 1851, when art in Great Britain was dormant, it was possible to obtain in Paris faithful reproductions of the finest ormolu work of the 18th century.
Italian metal-workers are mainly employed in reproduction; but traditions linger in some remote parts, while the sporadic appearance of craftsmen of a high order is evidence that the ancient artistic spirit is not wholly extinct.
For really fresh and progressive indigenous art we may perhaps have, in the near future, to turn to America and to Russia, where, having little artistic past to refer to, designers and craftsmen display unequalled individuality and force.
aocbcari l s, literally, man of wisdom), the name given by the Greeks about the middle of the 5th century B.C. to certain teachers of a superior grade who, distinguishing themselves from philosophers on the one hand and from artists and craftsmen on the other, claimed to prepare their pupils, not for any particular study or profession, but for civic life.
The colonies of hand-workers in silk, cotton, carpets, brass and silver ware, wood and ivory, and other skilled craftsmen, which formerly existed in various parts of India, have fallen off both in the extent of their output and in the artistic excellence of their work.
Of these one or two, as we have evidence, tried their hands at engraving; among their engravings were these "knots," which, being things of use for decorative craftsmen to copy, were inscribed for identification, and perhaps for protection, as coming from the Achademia Leonardi Vinci; a trifling matter altogether, and quite unfit to sustain the elaborate structure of conjecture which has been built on it.
He was, moreover, plagued by insubordination and malignity on the part of two German assistant craftsmen lodged in his apartments.
In 1896 Dr Sven Hedin discovered in the desert not far from the town of Khotan, in a locality known as Borasan, objects in terra-cotta, bronze images of Buddha, engraved gems, coins and MSS.; the objects, which display artistic skill, give indications of having been wrought by craftsmen who laboured to reproduce Graeco-Indian ideals in the service of the cult of Buddha, and consequently date presumably from the 3rd century B.C., when the successors of Alexander the Great were founding their kingdoms in Persia, Khwarezm (Khiva), Merv, Bactria (Afghanistan) and northern India, and from that date to the 4th or 5th century A.D.
There were places in the king's hall for the judge, the poet, the harper, the various craftsmen, the juggler and the fool.
Craft gilds were already in existence, but these had no share in the government; for, though the Lubeck rule excluding craftsmen from the Rath did not obtain, they were excluded in practice.
The discontent of the rural labourers and of the poorer class of craftsmen in the towns, caused by the economic distress that followed the Black Death and the enactment of the Statute of Labourers in 1351, was brought to a head by the imposition of a poll tax in 1379 and again in 1381, and at the end of May in the latter year riots broke out at Brentwood in Essex; on the 4th of June similar violence occurred at Dartford; and on the 6th a mob several thousands strong seized the castle of Rochester and marched up the Medway to Maidstone.
Those fit for a soldier's life were trained to the use of weapons and sent early to learn the hardships of war; children of craftsmen were usually taught by their fathers to follow their trade; and for the children of nobles there was elaborate instruction in history, picture-writing, astrology, religious doctrines and laws.
The best way to make a chair, known only by a few craftsmen, would be used to make all the chairs better.
The word usage examples above have been gathered from various sources to reflect current and historial usage. They do not represent the opinions of YourDictionary.com.