You'll get to meet all my council members.
The Council is a mess.
The quarterly council meeting is tonight.
Do they hold the Council together?
Weyrother, who was in full control of the proposed battle, by his eagerness and briskness presented a marked contrast to the dissatisfied and drowsy Kutuzov, who reluctantly played the part of chairman and president of the council of war.
The three eldest sons on the Council were dead.
"There are traitors on the council," Damian started.
Sometimes the head of the Council That Was Seven has to be discreet.
Listening to Bilibin he was already imagining how on reaching the army he would give an opinion at the war council which would be the only one that could save the army, and how he alone would be entrusted with the executing of the plan.
The events he spoke of occurred just a few months before, when Darkyn was attacking the Immortals and before Rhyn took over the Council That Was Seven.
Prince Andrew came in to inform the commander-in-chief of this and, availing himself of permission previously given him by Kutuzov to be present at the council, he remained in the room.
Some of the generals, in low tones and in a strain very different from the way they had spoken during the council, communicated something to their commander-in-chief.
The father of the Council That Was Seven?
Each of the brothers on the Council was gifted in some way.
Gabe distrusted the Ancient father of the Council as much as he did Darkyn.
I led the Council long enough to know there's usually more than one.
Like all the brothers on the Council That Was Seven, he had the same father and a different mother.
Gabriel knew the secrets of all the brothers on the Council; there were things people told Death that they never revealed to anyone else.
He.d come to keep an eye on her and, allegedly, to help his brothers on the Council, though not even he believed he had a decent bone in his body.
It was not a council of war, but, as it were, a council to elucidate certain questions for the Emperor personally.
The day after the council at Malo-Yaroslavets Napoleon rode out early in the morning amid the lines of his army with his suite of marshals and an escort, on the pretext of inspecting the army and the scene of the previous and of the impending battle.
It had been where Wynn, the father of all the Immortals on the Council, had lain for hundreds of years before being dragged out by Sasha, the son who betrayed them all to Darkyn.
He was listening to the general's report-- which consisted chiefly of a criticism of the position at Tsarevo- Zaymishche--as he had listened to Denisov, and seven years previously had listened to the discussion at the Austerlitz council of war.
So it came about that at the council at Malo-Yaroslavets, when the generals pretending to confer together expressed various opinions, all mouths were closed by the opinion uttered by the simple-minded soldier Mouton who, speaking last, said what they all felt: that the one thing needful was to get away as quickly as possible; and no one, not even Napoleon, could say anything against that truth which they all recognized.
Once upon a time - " "The leader of the Council does not discuss these things!"
Speranski related how at the Council that morning a deaf dignitary, when asked his opinion, replied that he thought so too.
Another who wished to gain some advantage would attract the Emperor's attention by loudly advocating the very thing the Emperor had hinted at the day before, and would dispute and shout at the council, beating his breast and challenging those who did not agree with him to duels, thereby proving that he was prepared to sacrifice himself for the common good.
We're watching, but it's not easy balancing the Council, demons and a pregnant mate.
Not many people thought differently of the first Ancient Immortal, who had led the Council with six of his sons for many years before being killed.
He hadn't wanted to believe one of his sons betrayed the rest of the Council, though he wasn't exactly surprised, either.
But they heard him at the council of war and will hear him when he talks sense, but to temporize and wait for something now when Bonaparte fears nothing so much as a general battle is impossible.
In the large drawing room which had become the commander in chief's office were gathered Kutuzov himself, Weyrother, and the members of the council of war.
Prince Andrew, taking advantage of the Emperor's permission, accompanied Paulucci, whom he had known in Turkey, into the drawing room where the council was assembled.
If at first the members of the council thought that Kutuzov was pretending to sleep, the sounds his nose emitted during the reading that followed proved that the commander-in-chief at that moment was absorbed by a far more serious matter than a desire to show his contempt for the dispositions or anything else--he was engaged in satisfying the irresistible human need for sleep.
Everyone at headquarters was still under the spell of the day's council, at which the party of the young had triumphed.
Malasha, who kept her eyes fixed on what was going on before her, understood the meaning of the council differently.
The council of war was just over when Prince Andrew accompanied by Boris arrived at the palace to find Dolgorukov.
Shortly after nine o'clock that evening, Weyrother drove with his plans to Kutuzov's quarters where the council of war was to be held.
He had just heard particulars of that morning's sitting of the Council of State opened by the Emperor, and he spoke of it enthusiastically.
Speranski, wearing a gray swallow-tail coat with a star on the breast, and evidently still the same waistcoat and high white stock he had worn at the meeting of the Council of State, stood at the table with a beaming countenance.
In the third circle, Naryshkin was speaking of the meeting of the Austrian Council of War at which Suvorov crowed like a cock in reply to the nonsense talked by the Austrian generals.
Baron Firhoff was talking to him about the first sitting of the Council of State to be held next day.
At the council at Fili the prevailing thought in the minds of the Russian commanders was the one naturally suggesting itself, namely, a direct retreat by the Nizhni road.
How could they make a man commander-in-chief who cannot mount a horse, who drops asleep at a council, and has the very worst morals!
Under all these three acts there is a final appeal to the judicial committee of the privy council.
Since he'd dropped into seclusion there were any number of times I could have used his council.
He was on the Council until shortly after I died-dead, after which he betrayed the Immortals to work for the Dark One, Darkyn's predecessor.
The two were always at each other's throats, and Gabe had witnessed their decision making skills on the Council.
They'd never trusted one another enough to share, and their father made things worse by compartmentalizing the Council's business and pitting the sons against one another long before he was killed.
It's been a rough year for the Council.
Rhyn leads the Council.
Did he kill the others to take over the Council?
The father of the Council.
While not privy to the Council's business, he assessed the appearance of their father at a time when Rhyn was struggling for control did not bode well for any of them.
Gabriel turned the pages of the Oracle's book, watching as words scribbled themselves across the parchment, updating a chain of events that changed with every decision made by the Council That Was Seven.
Without your protector, you'll never be welcomed at the Council.
"The Council's Kris?" another snarled.
You want me to meet the Council?
She looks like the Council, dismembered beyond recognition.
Rhyn snorted and faced Sasha, the brother charged with governing Australia, and the first to abandon the Council in favor of serving the Dark One.
I seek an alliance against my former employer and to regain my place at the Council, Sasha answered.
In Hell, the Immortal Jade, formerly the most trusted lieutenant to the leader of the Council That Was Seven, looked around his new bedchamber with a shiver.
It.s like beheading the Council!
He.d seen the way Kris looked at her and had long suspected the Council leader had two lovers, not one.
Darkyn, the most powerful of all demons, wouldn.t have returned from the pits of Hell, where the Dark One banished him to lead the army to the Immortals. front door and wipe out the Council.
"If you and the Council worked together, you could take out anything," she said.
If I could protect you alone, I.d take you somewhere safe from the demons and the Council.
As she fell asleep, she couldn.t help thinking Rhyn was the only Immortal on the Council she.d trust to keep humans safe.
He granted me a position directly supporting the Council, if I walked away from her forever.
He seemed to be the only one on the Council who truly cared about upholding the balance between good and evil, no matter what the cost.
Sasha had chosen to serve the Dark One and betray the Council and their father.
Then there were the rules their father had created about none of the brothers being permitted to kill the others, with the exception of Andre, whose sole purpose in life was to keep the Council on track and protect them.
Unless Sasha posed a direct threat to the Council, Kris was forbidden from buying an assassination, despite suspecting his brother wasn.t as innocent as he proclaimed.
I need confirmation before the Council meets, and I need to know if you can alter whatever it is Sasha's people did, Kris said.
Long ago, before Sasha broke from the Council, he had stayed in a corner chamber overlooking the forest.
He was, but he.s prepping for the Council meeting.
Rhyn, the rest of the Council is meeting now in the conference room off my chambers.
Unfortunately, you are a Council member.
She looked like Lilith, the woman Rhyn killed when he discovered she.d plotted with the Dark One to kill the Council.
He wasn.t sure what they expected of him; he.d never been included in any Council meeting.
"You took an oath to serve the Immortals, their cause, and be a member of this Council," Kris grated.
I vote the Council split.
The Council is no more.
No one but Sasha and me left in your Council, and I doubt I was ever really a part of it.
The Council meeting was a bust, and there was more tension in the air than he could understand.
"Can.t you tell the Council not to disband?" she asked, visibly flustered.
Sasha needs to fry, and the Council needs to remain intact, or all Immortals die.
Now, you can send your soldiers to the castle where the demons are staging an attack, and rejoin the Council, or I can bury you here in your front yard.
If nothing else, the father of the Council would never again be found.
Three pairs of eyes went to Rhyn, who stood ready to take on any of them that mentioned leaving the Council.
"Best Council meeting ever," Kiki declared.
"The Council needs to come with me," Kris added.
The first to betray the Council and serve the Dark One?
The only to betray the council and serve the Dark One!
The Council That Was Seven had been immortalized safeguarding their father in death.
I.m sworn to protect Toby, and I.ve done my duty in protecting Sasha, who is also my brother, according to the Code and the oaths I swore to my father and the Council!
Lilith was trying to destroy the Council.
Mostly. The Council sent in their warriors to help Kris.
"He brought the Council back together," Megan said in a whisper.
What do you mean, brought the Council together?
Megan said you brought the Council together.
He.d serve on the Council and force it to stay together.
Gabriel had been a friend to all the Council members, though he suspected the assassin favored Rhyn the most.
He thought of what the Council wanted him to do and of what Sasha had done.
The Council is working together for once, and Sasha tricked us into thinking he was returning to the Council, disappeared and washed up at the Caribbean Sanctuary.
As much as he didn.t want to admit it, this was a role for Rhyn, who had brought the Council back.
He gave his youngest brother no credit for understanding either the importance of the Council or the good intentions behind bringing the Council back together, but Rhyn knew how to use brute violence when it was needed.
With you and the Council.
I.m going to make sure you and the Council do what it must to protect her and everyone else like her.
Right, because killing in cold blood isn.t something a Council member does.
But, I.ll keep the Council together to protect Katie and our hatchling.
You take care of her like you said you would after the Council meeting.
If he took down the Council, too, he would be all the more content.
The Planetary Council, his second-in-command, even his sister, had paraded women through his home every time he returned from a battle.
You've refused women from every Council member's family.
"The Council has a selective memory," A'Ran said in irritation.
Jetr, the only Council member he trusted, had been an ally for three generations of his family without appearing to age.
That time passed with the suffering of his people and the ability of the Council to coerce all his allies but one to leave his side.
He had to repay the odious debt to the Council.
And if you do this, the Council will leave you alone.
The Council wants nothing to do with them and views the presence of your father's betrayer and your people on the planet as a sign the Yirkin are willing to share your planet rather than take it over.
I'll do it, Jetr, for you, not the Council.
You swear the Council will consider my debt to them repaid? he asked.
Despite his hatred for the politics, he knew he needed the Council's help.
His people were starving as the planet died, and soon, the Council would realize the planet produced no ore without its rightful ruler.
The Brains set up the Planetary Council-- the alien version of the United Nations-- several generations before to mediate between the warring planets within the Five Galaxies.
There were still wars, Evelyn had confided, even though it was frowned upon by the Council.
He'd known it would fail, but the elders of the Planetary Council had called in their last favor.
He wouldn't await word from the Council but would warn his counselors and advisors to avoid Kisolm's planet.
I believe the Council will be visiting us as well once they receive word of what I have done.
Until now, the Council has obstructed his efforts, but that is no longer true.
"The Council contacted me," A'Ran said.
"We may not need the Council's support if you maintain as you have," Ne'Rin replied.
When will you return to meet the Council here?
I will meet with members of the Council.
He'd see her in less than a day, if the Council didn't absorb all his time.
"Council members, dhjan nishani," he announced.
You and the Council will be somewhere else?
I assume it's not a woman's place at the Council.
"I go now to the Council," he said, and strode to the swords.
A'Ran listened to the Council members, uneasy.
Ne'Rin sat to his right at the largest table within the command center with the Council members arranged by rank to his left.
Jetr was one of the only champions A'Ran had on the Council.
Opal, the head of the Council, rose gracefully, pulling A'Ran from his thoughts.
And the Council will help you build allies, Jetr said.
It was mid-afternoon already, another day wasted with the Council rather than concentrating on preparing for battle.
Part of him knew the Council was stalling him for that reason, though whether they did so to hinder his efforts or to maintain the appearance of their power over him, he wasn't sure.
You're taking a break from the Council?
It's been quiet due to the cease-fire called by the Council, he explained.
"Is the Council still in residence?" he asked.
They nearly reached the women's wing when the strange little Council member with white eyes called out to her.
There was always the Council, and the only ally A'Ran still had.
Assistance might come from their direction, but any favor from the Council would cost him dearly in another way.
The Council awaits you.
He carried it with him to the long, pointless Council meeting, to his afternoon sparring session with Jetr, to the banquet and introduction of his nishani to the clan leaders.
He suspected the Council members knew more and that this night of relative peace was the last he would know for a very long time.
I met all your Council members.
The Council would have left at dawn with A'Ran.
The Council split on sanctioning me, and those whose support Jetr swayed for me are sending their armies to battle.
He'd waited too long for the Council to support him instead of returning to the planet that needed him.
They'd been right to use force over reason with the Council, a lesson he'd learned almost too late.
You're my only true ally of any influence with the Council.
The Council will want to be involved, even if this becomes an intra-galaxy war.
Let us end it once and for all, not with the Council manipulating each of us for its benefit!
The force of the Council will be at your door if you touch Qatwal.
I want my planet back, Jetr, and the Council has done nothing in all these sun-cycles but impede me.
I have some work to do to keep the Council out of your way.
The Council can't talk any sense into A'Ran, and they're amassing this ginormous army to destroy him.
Romas said I was crazy with hormones, but I spoke to someone on the Council who thought it was a good idea.
She was surprised to recognize the Council members, from tall, thin Opal to the Council members whose names she'd never learned.
Nervous, uneasy, she made her way down the wall toward the Council members, who held court with themselves.
She stopped within full view of Jetr and waited, not wanting to draw the attention of the entire Council to her.
"The Council is gathering an army to retake this galaxy," he said.
I'm afraid you're all that stands between the Council and him.
The Council would do that?
The Council believes he's destroyed one planet and is about to destroy a second.
She leaned against the wall and drew a deep breath, praying A'Ran trusted this Council member for a reason.
She recognized Romas and his father, two other Council members with Jetr, and a few more strangers.
"The Council and Qatwal has nothing I want," A'Ran's low voice said at last.
The Council will fund everything.
"I will offer one last compromise before the Council sends in its armies to destroy you," Mison continued.
Jetr, I will accept the Council's offer.
Mison might try to blow A'Ran up, or the Council change its mind, or A'Ran would destroy everything to win his war, even if it meant losing her.
You both must agree to the terms you made, and I will agree on behalf of the Council.
The one where you become the Council's assassin.
It was the symbol of the enforcer of the Council That Was Seven, the only of the seven brothers sanctioned to kill in cold blood on behalf of the Council and Immortals.
The Council's scientist hunched as the demons took his arms and withdrew him from the chamber.
You must tell Kris about Lilith. I'm sick of this war between you two. We need you both on the Council.
The specter pointed back towards the lake. Katie slowed and watched Gabriel continue onward. She'd liked Andre above any of the Council members, but his insistence that she go in the direction opposite of which she was headed puzzled her.
"Andre never would've brought you to the Council if he didn't see the good in you," Kiki called as Rhyn walked.
Take your place with us on the Council. We can deal with Death without breaking down her front door and pissing her off.
And I thought he'd started to accept a role on the Council, even if it was the one of the enforcer.
I don't know. He pulled the Council together after we split.
I sent out a party to search for our father's remains so we can have a safe place for the Council and Immortals again.
Kris, I think the era of the Council as a whole is over.
Kris heard what Kiki didn't say, that only Andre had been able to keep the Council together after their father's death. The six headstrong brothers of the Council That Was Seven had respected Andre, who was an adult when the rest of the brothers were born.
Listen, Kris, I'm not trying to be an ass, but logistically and in practicality, there's no reason for us to maintain the Council.
Death had visited the leaders of the Council – and Rhyn.
Rhyn awoke from the island dreamscape in the shadow world. He rose, uncertain what happened but recalling his urgency. He crossed through the glowing black portal into the one place he'd hoped never to see again: Hell. Unwilling to get stuck in the cell where he'd spent many lifetimes, he chose to open the portal into the office of the Council's betrayer, Sasha. The office was as he remembered it, down to the black flames in the hearth.
"You know the Council needs you," Gabriel said.
"It's a pleasure, my lady," he said, at once thrilled and uneasy that she'd finally acknowledged the leader of the Council That Was Seven.
Which is why you hope to keep the Council together.
I hope to keep the Council together because it will do the most good.
And the Council has broken up at least once.
You want me to let the Council break apart.
To be more powerful, so I can wipe out my enemies and force my brothers to stay in the Council.
"I'll do whatever I must to protect the Council and Immortals. If Rhyn tries to kill Death or something stupid … " "Rhyn is the only one who has half a chance of keeping the Council together," Kiki replied.
Death was right. Kris didn't have what it took to keep the Council together. He may have just lost one of his brothers, because he lost focus of what he should've done. Maybe he should've known Jade was a traitor or Hannah was a demon. He hadn't known of Andre's danger or been able to bring the Council together to fight the demons that threatened them all. He hadn't been able to keep Hannah safe or Toby or Katie.
Rhyn turned, surprised. He'd forgotten Kris's presence. The Council leader stepped forward.
The Council needs you.
"If the Council can help, let me know," Rhyn half-joked.
"Mr. Jones," was Jack Webster, a local realtor, who was apparently having an affair with the wife of a city council member.
In a variety of ways it does a great deal of social service similar to that of gilds of help. Its administration has always been in the hands of laymen, and it works through local "conferences" or branches, the general council having been suspended because it declined to accept a cardinal as its official head.
He was the young tsar Peter's chief supporter when, in 1689, Peter resisted the usurpations of his elder sister Sophia, and the head of the loyal council which assembled at the Troitsa monastery during the crisis of the struggle.
Meaning in general the "king's court," it is difficult to define the curia regis with precision, but it is important and interesting because it is the germ from which the higher courts of law, the privy council and the cabinet, have sprung.
It was thus practically a committee of the larger council, and assisted the king in his judicial work, its authority being as undefined as his own.
On the 9th of December the fifth Lateran council, which had been reopened by Leo in April, ratified the peace with Louis XII.
While the council was engaged in planning a crusade and in considering the reform of the clergy, a new crisis occurred between the pope and the king of France.
During these two or three years of incessant political intrigue and warfare it was not to be expected that the Lateran council should accomplish much.
Its three main objects, the peace of Christendom, the crusade and the reform of the church, could be secured only by general agreement among the powers, and Leo or the council failed to secure such agreement.
Leo closed the council on the 16th of March 1517.
The year which marked the close of the Lateran council was also signalized by Leo's unholy war against the duke of Urbino.
Its public institutions include tribunals of first instance and of commerce, a council of tradearbitrators, a chamber of commerce and a branch of the Bank of France.
During the first weeks of the queen's sorrow after the battle, Gavin, with one or two colleagues of the council, acted as personal adviser, and it may be taken for granted that he supported the pretensions of the young earl.
This question was solemnly submitted to a grand council of prelates, senators, ministers and other dignitaries on the 13th of June 1718.
The last decree proposed the convocation of a national council.
The town is under the control of a provost, bailies and council, and, along with Hawick and Selkirk, forms the Hawick (or Border) group of parliamentary burghs.
During York's regency, both before and after the battle of St Albans, Waynflete took an active part in the proceedings of the privy council.
He was one of the founders of the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University), was a member of the New York Council for some years before the War of Independence, a member and president of the First Provincial Congress of New York (1775), and a member of the Second Provincial Congress (1775-1776).
In 1820 he was elected as a deputy to the cantonal council, and was a member of the extraordinary diet of 1832.
In 1761 he was promoted to be member of council, under the presidency of Mr Vansittart, who had been introduced by Clive from.
The members of council, the commanders of the troops, and the commercial residents plundered on a grand scale.
Batson gave him the lie and struck him in the council chamber.
At last, in the winter of 1768, he received the appointment of second in council at Madras.
In the beginning of 1772 his ambition was stimulated by the nomination to the 'second place in council in Bengal with a promise of the reversion of the governorship when Mr Cartier should retire.
In April 1772 Warren Hastings took his seat as president of the council at Fort William.
The council was reduced to four members with a governor-general, who were to exercise certain indefinite powers of control over the presidencies of Madras and Bombay.
The council consisted of General Clavering and the Hon.
The new members of council disembarked at Calcutta on the 19th of October 1774; and on the following day commenced the long feud which scarcely terminated twentyone years later with the acquittal of Warren Hastings by the House of Lords.
Macaulay states that the members of council were put in ill-humour because their salute of guns was not proportionate to their dignity.
The majority of the council abandoned their supporter, who was executed in due course.
From that time forth, though he could not always command an absolute majority in council, Hastings was never again subjected to gross insult, and his general policy was able to prevail.
On this point the entire council acted in harmony.
In his case the ancestral hoards were under the control of his mother, the begum of Oudh, into whose hands they had been allowed to pass at the time when Hastings was powerless in council.
But he was now destined to learn that his enemy Francis, whom he had discomfited in the council chamber at Calcutta, was more than his match in the parliamentary arena.
These are subdivided into twenty provinces, each administered by an administrator of native affairs by whose side is the provincial council consisting of natives and occupied with the discussion of ways and means and questions of public works.
supervision of markets,policing,land-transfer, &c., are carried on by a mayor and two assistants, to whom the municipal council delegates its powers.
In the very earliest centuries we find the episcopate, united in council,, drawing up symbols of faith, which every believer was bound to accept under pain of exclusion, condemning heresies, and casting out heretics.
The exact formula for the papal infallibility is given by the Vatican Council in the following terms (Constit.
(a) As the Council expressly says, the infallibility of the pope is not other than that of the Church; this is a point which is too often forgotten or misunderstood.
(c) As a matter of fact the infallibility of the pope, when giving decisions in his character as head of the Church, was generally admitted before the Vatican Council.
This doctrine, rather political than theological, was a survival of the errors which had come into being after the Great Schism, and especially at the council of Constance; its object was to put the Church above its head, as the council of Constance had put the ecumenical council above the pope, as though the council could be ecumenical without its head.
In reality it was Gallicanism alone which was condemned at the Vatican Council, and it is Gallicanism which is aimed at in the last phrase of the definition we have quoted.
It is remarkable that the definition of the infallibility of the pope did not appear among the projects (schemata) prepared for the deliberations of the Vatican Council (1869).
occasioned by this question had started from the very beginning of the Council, and were carried on with great bitterness on both sides.
The minority, among whom were prominent Ca" "pals Rauscher and Schwarzenberg, Hefele, bishop of Rotterdam (the historian of the councils) Cardinal Mathieu, Mgr Dupanloup, Mgr Maret, &c., &c., did not pretend to deny the papal infallibility; they pleaded the inopportuneness of the definition and brought forward difficulties mainly of an historical order, in particular the famous condemn ion of Pope Honorius by the 6th ecumenical council of Const: ntinople in 680.
For the history of the definition see Vatican Council; also Papacy, Gallicanism, Febronianism, Old Catholics, &c.
The council of Basel went further: it suppressed vi.
Thereupon, in full council and in the king's presence, Roland read his letter aloud.
He was also appointed governor of Weymouth, sheriff of Dorsetshire for the king and president of the king's council of war in the county.
He was at once appointed on the council of thirty.
On the resignation of this parliament he became a member of the council of state named in the "Instrument."
He was, however, elected on the council of state, and was the only Presbyterian in it; he was at once accused by Scot, along with Whitelocke, of corresponding with Hyde.
After the rising in Cheshire Cooper was arrested in Dorsetshire on a charge of corresponding with its leader Booth, but on the matter being investigated by the council he was unanimously acquitted.
Upon the restoration of the parliament on the 26th of December Cooper was one of the commissioners to command the army, and on the 2nd of January was made one of the new council of state.
Cooper was at once placed on the privy council, receiving also a formal pardon for former delinquencies.
He was named on the council of plantations and on that of trade.
His attention to all trade questions was close and constant; he was a member of the council of trade and plantations appointed in 1670, and was its president from 1672 to 1676.
On the 19th of May he was dismissed the privy council and ordered to leave London.
On the 2nd of November he opened the great attack by proposing an address declaring the necessity for the king's dismissing James from his council.
In April, upon the king's declaration that he was resolved to send for James from Scotland, Shaftesbury advised the popular leaders at once to leave the council, and they followed his advice.
The town is governed by an urban district council.
by the council of Constance.
The relations were now very strained between the reforming princes and Maximilian, who, unable to raise an army, refused to attend the meetings of the council at Nuremberg, while both parties treated for peace with France.
The hostility of the king rendered the council impotent.
He soon took the field, but after his failure to capture Padua the league broke up; and his sole ally, the French king, joined him in calling a general council at Pisa to discuss the question of Church reform.
In the local and municipal politics of Berlin again he took a leading part, and as a member of the municipal council was largely responsible for the transformation which came over the city in the last thirty years of the 19th century.
At the Council of Salisbury in 1116 the English king ordered Thurstan to submit, but instead he resigned his archbishopric, although this did not take effect.
The duma, or council, still attended to all the details of the administration; the old boyars still retained their ancient offices and dignities.
In Edinburgh, Glasgow, and elsewhere in Scotland, and in London (through the county council), Newcastle and other English towns, the corporations have laid down greens in public parks and open spaces.
He then returned to Bavaria, and his absence bringing him into ill odour at Vienna, he complained of the incompetence of the council of commerce and dedicated a tract on trade (CommercienTractat) to the emperor Leopold.
As a member of the council of Madras he helped to defend the city against the French in 1759, and in July 1760 he went to Bengal as president of the council and governor of Fort William.
Vansittart sought to check this, and in 1762 he made a treaty with Mir Kasim, but the majority of his council were against him and in the following year this was repudiated.
krene-te) who form a council and, like the baryaktar, hold their office by hereditary right; they preside over the assemblies of the tribesmen, which exercise the supreme legislative power.
Owing to the proximity of the capital this group is comparatively subject to the Turkish power, and pays a small annual tribute; the chiefs, who assess and collect the tribute, form a kind of administrative council; the confederation has also an official representative council at Scutari, called the Jibal, under the presidency of a Serkarde or Moslem official.
In 1865 the synod of that province, in an urgent letter to the archbishop of Canterbury (Dr Longley), represented the unsettlement of members of the Canadian Church caused by recent legal decisions of the Privy Council, and their alarm lest the revived action of Convocation "should leave us governed by canons different from those in force in England and Ireland, and thus cause us to drift into the status of an independent branch of the Catholic Church."
It was decided to send a deputation of bishops with a letter of greeting to the national council of the Russian Church about to be assembled (60) and certain conditions were laid down for intercommunion with certain of the Churches of the Orthodox Eastern Communion (62) and the "ancient separated Churches of the East" (63-65).
This act was amended in 1897 to meet the wishes of the Roman Catholic minority, but separate schools were not reestablished; nor was the council divided into denominational committees.
In episcopacy the supreme authority is a diocesan bishop; in congregationalism it is the members of the congregation assembled in church meeting; in Presbyterianism it is a church council composed of representative presbyters.
In episcopacy the control of church affairs is almost entirely withdrawn from the people; in congregationalism it is almost entirely exercised by the people; in Presbyterianism it rests with a council composed of duly appointed office-bearers chosen by the people.
The ecclesiastical unit in episcopacy is a diocese, comprising many churches and ruled by a prelate; in congregationalism it is a single church, self-governed and entirely independent of all others; in Presbyterianism it is a presbytery or council composed of ministers and elders representing all the churches within a specified district.
The synod is a provincial council which consists of the ministers and representative elders from all the congregations within a specified number of presbyteries, in the same way as the presbytery is representative of a specified number of congregations.
And the decision of the council at Jerusalem was evidently more than advisory; it was authoritative and meant to be binding on all the churches.
Proceedings of Seventh General Council of the Alliance of Reformed Churches holding the Presbyterian System (Washington, 1899).
At a representative conference in London in 1875 the constitution of the council was agreed upon.
The first council met in Edinburgh in 1877.
On the roll of the general council held at Washington in 1899 there were sixty-four churches.
It was the town council which made arrangements for religious disputations, and provided for the housing and maintenance of the preachers.
In 1538 the ministers took upon themselves to refuse to administer the Lord's Supper in Geneva because the city, as represented by its council, declined to submit to church discipline.
It was felt to be a political necessity that he should return, and in 1541, somewhat reluctantly, he returned on his own terms. These were the recognition of the Church's spiritual independence, the division of the town into parishes, and the appointment (by the municipal authority) of a consistory or council of elders in each parish for the exercise of discipline.
Over all was the central provincial council consisting of the two senior ministers and fifteen members nominated by the state in the first instance.
The congregation chooses all the officers, and these form a church council.
it may be noted that Cranmer favoured a proposal for the formation of a council of presbyters in each diocese, and for provincial synods.
Similar associations or presbyteries were formed in London and in the midland and eastern counties; but the privy council was hostile.
It was a council created by parliament to give advice in church matters at a great crisis in the nation's history; but its acts, though from the high character and great learning of its members worthy of deepest respect, did not per se bind parliament or indeed anyone.
A loose union, called the "Federal Council of the Reformed Churches in America," was formed in 1894 by the churches mentioned (excepting the Southern Assembly) and the Dutch and German Reformed churches.
A bishop of Parma is mentioned in the acts of the council of Rome of A.D.
Lucas brought in a bill in his first session to effect this reform, but was defeated on the motion to have the bill sent to England for approval by the privy council; and he insisted upon the independent.
In the national capital and territories it is supervised by a national council of education with the assistance of local school boards; in the 14 provinces it is under provincial control.
He purchased the allegiance of the stryeltsi, or musketeers, and then, summoning the boyars of the council, earnestly represented to them that Theodore, scarce able to live, was surely unable to reign, and urged the substitution of little Peter.
In the Reformed Church (far the more numerous of the two bodies) each parish has a council of presbyters, consisting of the pastor and lay-members elected by the congregation.
When a change of Government occurs the president chooses a prominent parliamentarian as premier and president of the council.
The council of state (conseil detat) is the principal council of the head of the state and his ministers, who consult it on various legislative problems, more particularly on questions of administration.
The presidency of the council of state belongs ex officio to the minister of justice.
Although the management of local affairs is in the hands of the prefect his power with regard to these is checked by a deliberative body known as the general council (conseil general).
This council, which consists for the most part of business and professional men, is elected by universal suffrage, each canton in the department contributing one member.
The general council controls the departmental administration of the prefect, and its decisions on points of local government are usually final.
The general council, when not sitting, is represented by a permanent delegation (commission departementale).
He is assisted, and in some degree controlled, in his work by the district council (conseil darrondissement), to which each canton sends a member, chosen by universal suffrage.
It is the seat of a justice of the peace, and is the electoral unit for the general council and the district council.
Both mayors and deputy mayors are elected by and from among members of the municipal council for four years.
The local affairs of the commune are decided by the municipal council, and its decisions become operative after the expiration of a month, save in matters which involve interests transcending those of the commune.
In such cases the prefect must approve them, and in some cases the sanction of the general council or even ratification by the president is necessary.
The meetings of the council are open to the public.
They are composed of employers and workmen in equal numbers and are established by decree of the council of state, advised by the minister of justice.
Communal Finances.The budget of the commune is prepared by the mayor, voted by the municipal council and approved by the prefect.
The chief of staff of the army is also a member of the council.
He is assisted and advised by the superior council of public instruction, over which he presides.
Each commune is in theory obliged to maintain at least one public primary school, but with the approval of the niinister, the departmental council may authorize a commune to combine with other communes in the upkeep of a school.
If the number of inhabitants exceed 500, the commune must also provide a special school for girls, unless the Departmental Council authorizes it to substitute a mixed school.
Primary courses for adults are instituted by the prefect on the recommendation of the municipal council and academy inspector.
Persons keeping private primary schools are free with regard to their methods, programmes and books employed, except that they may not use books expressly prohibited by the superior council of public instruction.
A lyce is founded in a town by decree of the president of the republic, with the advice of the superior council of public instruction.
The hospices and hpitaux and Guadeloupe the bureaux de bienfaisance, the founda- Martinique tion of which is optional for the commune, St Pierre and Miquel are managed by committees consisting of the mayor of the municipality and six Total in Am members, two elected by the municipal council and four nominated by the prefect.
The colonial minister is assisted by a number of organizations of which the most important is the superior council of the colonies (created by decree in 1883), an advisory body which inclUdes the senators and deputies elected by the colonies, and delegates elected by the universal suffrage of all citizens in the colonies and protectorates which do not return members to parliament.
The governor is aided by a privy council, an advisory body to which the governor nominates a minority of unofficial members, and a council general, to which is confided the control of local affairs, including the voting of the budget.
in place of a council general, there is a colonial council which fulfils the functions of a council general.
In the second class of colonies the governor, sometimes assisted by a privy council, on which non-official members find seats, sometimes simply by a council of administration, is responsible only to the minister of the colonies.
There is a superior council for the whole of Indo-China on which the natives and the European commercial community are represented, while in Cochin-China a privy council, and in the protectorates a council of the protectorate, assists in the work of administration.
Local laws, subject to approval by the legislative council of Fiji, are promulgated by a regulation board, composed of the commissioner, native chiefs of the seven districts into which the island is divided, and two native magistrates.
department from 1779 to 1782, and lord president of the council in 1783, and again from 1794 until his death.
On the 10th of June 1688 she was present at the birth of the prince of Wales and gave evidence before the council in favour of the genuineness of the child.
Menaced, however, by Louis' brother-in-law, Otto the Great, and excommunicated by the council of Ingelheim (948), the powerful vassal was forced to make submission and to restore Laon to his sovereign.
The appeal is to the king in council, and is heard by the judicial committee of the privy council.
During a long and active life, he played many parts: professor of mathematics at the Elphinstone college (1854) founder of the Rast Goftar newspaper; partner in a Parsi business firm in London (1855); prime minister of Baroda (1874); member of the Bombay legislative council (1885); M.P. for Central Finsbury (1892-1895), being the first Indian to be elected to the House of Commons; three times president of the Indian National Congress.
Biog.) to have been "at once admitted to the privy council"; but probably this is a mistake for the ordinary council, of which Morton might well have been made a member when he was appointed master in chancery and chancellor of the duchy of Cornwall.
The affairs of a tribe were ruled by a council of men past middle age.
In 1642 Abel Janszoon Tasman sailed on a voyage of discovery from Batavia, the headquarters of the governor and council of the Dutch East Indies, under whose auspices the expedition was undertaken.
In the report of the committee of the legislative council appointed in 18 2 to prepare a constitution Federa- PP 5 P P tlon.
The council had also a fatal defect in its constitution.
The council held eight meetings, at which many matters of intercolonial interest were discussed.
The last occasion of its being called together was in 1899, when the council met in Melbourne.
The ministers are members of the executive council.
Special provisions were made respecting appeals from the High Court to the sovereign in council.
before the Diocletian persecution; others for a date between 303 and 314, after the persecution, but before the synod of Arles; still others for a date between the synod of Arles and the council of Nicaea, 325.
Saxe-Meiningen has one vote in the German federal council (Bundesrat) and sends two members to the Reichstag.
In 1843 he was nominated by Sir George Gipps, the governor, to a seat in the New South Wales Legislative Council; owing to a difference with Gipps he resigned his seat, but was elected shortly afterwards for Sydney.
His course was disapproved; he was recalled and brought before the council of state, which blamed his conduct without giving him a chance to justify himself.
The first was the appointment of a grand council with supreme judicial and financial functions P 7 ?
The central court of justice at Malines was abolished, but the Grand Council was reorganized :and made thoroughly representative.
Margaret was assisted by a permanent council of regency, and there was a special minister charged with the administration of the finances, sometimes under the name of superintendent of the finances, sometimes under the title of treasurer-general and controller-general.
At the time of her accession to office Charles changed the form of administration by the creation of three separate councils, those of State, of Finance, and the Privy Council.
The regent was president of the council of state, of which the knights of the Golden Fleece were members.
three councils - the Council of State, the Privy Council and the Council of Finance, but in reality all power had been placed by Philip in the hands of three confidential councillors styled the Consulta - Barlaymont, president of the Council of Finance, Viglius, president of the Privy Council, and Antony Perrenot, bishop of Arras, better known by his later title as Cardinal Granvelle.
The Council of Trent had recently brought its long labours to a close (December 4, 1563), and Philip resolved to enforce its decrees throughout his dominions.
The signatories drew up a petition, known as the " Request," which was presented by the confederates to the regent (April 5, 1566) in the council chamber at Brussels.
At their instance, and carrying with them instructions from the regent and the council, the marquis of Berghen and Hoorn's brother (the lord of Montigny) were persuaded to go to Spain and lay before Philip the serious character of the crisis.
They were pronounced by the Council of Blood to be guilty of high treason (June 2, 1568).
All this time the brutal work of the Blood Council went on, as did the exodus of thousands upon thousands of industrious and well-to-do citizens, and with each year the detestation felt for Alva and his rule steadily increased.
Council moving fast.
A swarm of commissioners ransacked the provinces in search of delinquents, and the council sat daily for hours, condemning the accused, almost without a hearing, in batches together.
The overtures were favourably received, the council at Brussels was forcibly dissolved, and a congress met at Ghent on the 10th of October to consider what measures must be taken for the pacification of the country.
After many delays he reached Luxemburg on the 4th of November (the date of the Spanish Fury at Antwerp) and notified his arrival to the council of state.
The principal fortresses of the country were in the hands of Spanish garrisons, who refused obedience to the council.
The Turkestan Committee elects a small council, forming a kind of cabinet and having control of the different branches of the administration.
Here he called a council which condemned Anacletus.
The Lateran council of 1139 restored peace to the Church, excommunicating Roger of Sicily, against whom Innocent undertook an expedition which proved unsuccessful.
Propositions to establish the judiciary on a more permanent tenure were also voted down in 1814, 1822, 1857 and 1870, and the state still elects its judges for two years' terms. On its own suggestion, the council of censors was abolished in 1870 and the present method of amending the constitution was adopted.
The territory in which these settlements had been made was involved in the boundary dispute between Massachusetts and New Hampshire, which was settled in 1741 by a decision of the king in council favourable to New Hampshire (q.v.).
A privy council decree recognizing the claims of New York was issued on the 10th of July 1764, and the settlers were soon afterwards ordered to surrender their patents and repurchase the land from the proper authorities at Albany.
Meader, The Council of Censors (Providence, 1899); F.
at Marseilles, Henry's appeal from the pope to a general council; but there seems to be no good authority for Burnet's story that Clement threatened to have him burnt alive.
When these became law, he neglected to enforce them, and on the 1 st of September 1549 he was required by the council to maintain at St Paul's Cross that the royal authority was as great as if the king were forty years of age.
The fall of Somerset in the following month raised Bonner's hopes, and he appealed from Cranmer to the council.
After a struggle the Protestant faction gained the upper hand, and on the 7th of February 1550 Bonner's deprivation was confirmed by the council sitting in the Star Chamber, and he was further condemned to perpetual imprisonment.
nor Mary should ever have admitted him to the privy council.
The council of Florence A.D.
Fain was a member of the council of state and deputy from Montargis from 1834 until his death, which occurred in Paris on the 16th of September 1837.
The same year he was named one of the justices of the peace for his borough; and on the grant of a new charter showed great zeal in defending the rights of the commoners, and succeeded in procuring an alteration in the charter in their favour, exhibiting much warmth of temper during the dispute and being committed to custody by the privy council for angry words spoken against the mayor, for which he afterwards apologized.
There appears to be no foundation for the statement that he was stopped by an order of council when on the point of abandoning England for America, though there can be little doubt that the thoughts of emigration suggested themselves to his mind at this period.
Cromwell soon restored order, and the representative council, including privates as well as officers chosen to negotiate with the parliament, was subordinated to the council of war.
Large steps were made towards the union of the two kingdoms by the representation of Scotland in the parliament at Westminster; free trade between the two countries was established, the administration of justice greatly improved, vassalage and heritable jurisdictions abolished, and security and good order maintained by the council of nine appointed by the Protector.
In the afternoon he dissolved the council in spite of John Bradshaw's remonstrances, who said, "Sir, we have heard what you did at the House this morning ...; but you are mistaken to think that the parliament is dissolved, for no power under heaven can dissolve them but themselves; therefore take you notice of that."
This was the "Little" or "Barebones Parliament," consisting of one hundred and forty persons selected by the council of officers from among those nominated by the congregations in each county, which met on the 4th of July 1653.
The Protector and the council together were given a life tenure of office, with a large army and a settled revenue sufficient for public needs in time of peace; while the clauses relating to religion "are remarkable as laying down for the first time with authority a principle of toleration," 2 though this toleration did not apply to Roman Catholics and Anglicans.
He was out-voted by his council on the question of commutation of tithes, and his enlightened zeal for reforming the "wicked and abominable" sentences of the criminal law met with complete failure.
council immediately excluded nearly a hundred.
Cromwell's government seemed now established on the firmer footing of law and national approval, he himself obtaining the powers though not the title of a constitutional monarch, with a permanent revenue of £1,300,000 for the ordinary expenses of the administration, the command of the forces, the right to nominate his successor and, subject to the approval of parliament, the members of the council and of the new second chamber now established, while at the same time the freedom of parliament was guaranteed in its elections.
Following the same policy he sent Aristaces in 325 to the council of Nice.
" National, " the Danish " Ingolf " expedition, and the minor expeditions of the " Michael Sars," " Jackal," " Research," &c., and since 1902 it has been periodically examined by the International Council for the Study of the Sea.
The date of his death is uncertain, but it must have been at least six or seven years later than the council of Chalcedon (451).
Some of Theodoret's dogmatic works are no longer extant: of his five books IIEpi Evavepwirila - ecws, for example, directed against Cyril after the council of Ephesus, we now possess fragments merely.
Besides this work Theodoret has also left us a church history in five books, from 324 to 429, which was published shortly before the council of Chalcedon.
This history begins at the time of the council of Clermont, deals with the fortunes of the first crusade and the earlier history of the Latin kingdom of Jerusalem, and ends somewhat abruptly in 11 21.
Government, eec. - The colony is administered by a governor who is advised by a nominated council of unofficial members.
The doctrine of transubstantiation was defined by the Lateran Council in 1215, and shortly afterwards the elevation and adoration of the Host were formally enjoined.
Urban's bull was once more promulgated, at the council of Vienne in 1311, by 1 The pope's decision, so the story goes, was hastened by a miracle.
The plot was, however, discovered; and Bedmar, protected by his position from arrest, left Venice and went to Flanders as president of the council.
The National Telephone Company applied to the London County Council for permission to lay wires underground and continued efforts till 1899 to obtain this power, but without success.
The Post Office co-operated with the London County Council to put difficulties in the way of the company which had placed wires underground in London with the consent of the local road authorities.
In February the Postmaster-General applied for an injunction to restrain the company from opening any street or public road within the county of London without the consent of the Postmaster - General and the London County Council, which injunction was granted in July.
The Association of Municipal Corporations and the London County Council, on the other hand, considered the terms of purchase to be too favourable to the company.
The London County Council, according to the statement of its comptroller, was disturbed by the hope expressed by the manager of the company, that the holders of the company's ordinary shares would obtain the par value of their shares in 1911.
Inasmuch as the debenture stocks and preference shares would have to be redeemed in 1911 at premiums ranging from 3 to 5 per cent., the state would have to pay the company £253,000 in excess of the total of the outstanding securities in order to enable the ordinary shares to receive par, and in the council's view this payment would diminish the p robability of the Post Office being able to afford a substantial reduction in the telephone charges.
In 1274 the council of Lyons imposed a tax of a tenth part of all church revenues during the six following years for the relief of the Holy Land.
The provincial council elects a provincial commission and the communal council a municipal council from among its own members; these smaller bodies carry on the business of the larger while they are not sitting.
The syndic of each commune is elected by ballot by the communal council from among its own members.
The law considers as charitable institutions (opere pie) all poorhouses, almshouses and institutes which partly or wholly give help to able-bodied or infirm paupers, or seek to improve their moral and economic condition; and also the Congregazioni di caritd (municipal charity boards existing in every commune, and composed of ~embers elected by the municipal council), which administer funds destined for the poor in general.
There is a council of state with advisory functions, which can also decide certain questions of administration, especially applications from local authorities and conflicts between ministries, and a court of accounts, which has the right of examining all details of state expenditure.
The syndics (or mayors) are now elected by a secret ballot of the communal council, though they are still government officials.
Each provincial administrative junta is composed, in part, of government nominees, and in larger part of elective elements, elected by the provincial council for four years, half of whom require to be elected every two years.
Both communal councils and prefects may appeal to the government against the decision of the provincial administrative juntas, the government being guided by the opinion of the Council of State.
The provincial council only meets once a year in ordinary session.
Ir tares the next year after his election Hildebrand convenec a council, and passed measures enforcing the celibac)
In addition to this privy council, we find a gran consiglio, consisting of the burghers who had established the right to interfere immediately in public affairs, and a still larger assembly called parlamenlo, which included the whole adult population.
It will be perceived that the type was rather oligarchical than strictly democratic. Between the parlamento and the consuls with their privy council, or credenza, was interposed the gran consiglio of privileged burghers.
The thirteen districts in their council nominated four caporioni, who acted in concert with a senator, appointed, like the podest of other cities, for supreme judicial functions.
He therefore made alliance with Venice and Genoa, fulminated a new excommunication against Frederick, and convoked a council at Rome to ratify his ban in 1241.
The Genoese undertook to bring the French bishops to this council.
Forced to fly to France, he there, at Lyons, in 1245, convened a council, which enforced his condemnation of the emperor.
In addition to the parliament and the councils which have been already enumerated, we now find a council of the party New con- established within the city.
In 1032 be was obliged to act in concert with a senate, called pregadi; and in 1172 the grand council, which became the real sovereign of the state, was formed.
The several steps whereby the members of the grand council succeeded in eliminating the people from a share in the government, and reducing the doge to the position of their ornamental representative, cannot here be described.
This ratification of the oligarchical principle, together with the establishment in 1311 of the Council of Ten, completed that famous constitution which endured till the extinction of the republic in 1797.
In 1545 a council was opened at Trent for the reformation of church discipline and the promulgation of orthodox doctrine.
Equally extensive, but less important in the political sphere, were the Papal States and Veneti, the former torpid under the obscurantist rule of pope and cardinals, the latter enervated by luxury and the policy of unmanly complaisance long pursued by doge and council.
The hard but salutary training which they had undergone at his hands had taught them that they were the equals of the northern races both in the council chamber and on the field of battle.
In Parma, on the other hand, there was very little oppression, the French codes were retained, and the council of state was consulted on all legislative matters.
In April Pius created a Consulta, or consultative assembly, and soon afterwards a council of ministers and a municipality for Rome.
After Novara the chief question was iow to avoid an Austrian occupation, and owing to the prevailing ~onfusion the town council of Flor~nce took matters into its)Wfl hands and declared the grand-duke reinstated, but on a ~onstitutional basis and without foreign help (April 12).
The royal commissioner for finance, Giacomelli, had, as a precautionary measure, seized the pontifical treasury; but upon being informed by Cardinal Antonelli that among the funds deposited in the treasury were 1,000,000 crowns of Peters Pence offered by the faithful to the pope in person, the commissioner was authorized by the Italian council of state not only to restore this sum, but also to indemnify the Holy See for moneys expended for the service of the October coupon of the pontifical debt, that debt having been taken over by the Italian state.
Articles 6 and 7 forbade access of any Italian official or agent to the above-mentioned palaces or to any eventual conclave or oecumenical council without special authorization from the pope, conclave Or council.
Within four months the death of Depretis (29th July 1887) opened for Crispi the way to the premiership. Besides assuming the presidency of the council of ministers and retaining the ministry of the interior, Crispi took over the portfolio of foreign affairs which Depretis had held since the resignation of Count di Robilant.
Baratieri, anxious probably to obtain some success before the arrival of Baldissera, and alarmed by the rapid diminution of his stores, which precluded further immobility, called a council of war (29th of February) and obtained the approval of the divisional commanders for a plan of attack.
In practice, however, when the council has suppressed religious instruction no such facilities are given.
He obtained a seat in parliament; and in spite of Danby's endeavour to seize his papers by an order in council, on the 10th of December 1678 caused two of the incriminating letters written by Danby to him to be read aloud to the House of Commons by the Speaker.
He was charged with having encroached to himself royal powers by treating matters of peace and war without the knowledge of the council, with having promoted the raising of a standing army on pretence of a war with France, with having obstructed the assembling of parlia ' Memoirs of Great Britain and Ireland, by Sir J.
He was, however, still greatly disliked by the Whigs, and William, instead of reinstating him in the lord treasurership, only appointed him president of the council in February 1689.
He retired to the country and was seldom present at the council.
He hath not been regarded, although he took his place at the council board."
The course taken by Cranmer in promoting the Reformation exposed him to the bitter hostility of the reactionary party or " men of the old learning," of whom Gardiner and Bonner were leaders, and on various occasions - notably in 1543 and 1 545 - conspiracies were formed in the council or elsewhere to effect his overthrow.
when he died (1547) By the will of the king he was nominated one of a council of regency composed of sixteen persons, but he acquiesced in the arrangement by which Somerset became lord protector.
On the accession of Mary he was summoned to the council - most of whom had signed the same device - reprimanded for his conduct, and ordered to confine himself to his palace at Lambeth until the queen's pleasure was known.
Any chance of safety that lay in the friendliness of a strong party in the council was more than nullified by the bitter personal enmity of the queen, who could not forgive his share in her mother's divorce and her own disgrace.
He had not taken steps to publish this, but by some unknown channel a copy reached the council, and it could not be ignored.
Acts of the Privy Council, 1542-1556; Cal.
Before this interview a national council had met at St Albans at the beginning of August 1213, and this was followed by another council, held in St Paul's church, London, later in the same month; it was doubtless summoned by the archbishop, and was attended by many of the higher clergy and a certain number of the barons.
says that in future no scutage or aid, beyond the three recognized feudal aids, shall be levied except by the consent of the general council of the nation (commune concilium regni nostri), while the three recognized aids shall only be levied at a reasonable rate.
In dealing with this matter the Articles of the Barons had declared that aids and tallages must not be taken from the citizens of London and of other places without the consent of the council.
provides for the assembly of the council when its consent is necessary for raising an aid or a scutage.
It is very interesting, but it does not constitute any marked advance in the history of parliament, as it merely expresses the customary method of summoning a council.
In the Calyptoblastea the perisarc is always continued above the From Allman's Gymnoblastic Hydroids, by permission of the Council of the Ray Society.
From Allman's Gymnoblastic Hydroids, by permission of the Council of the Ray Society.
The buds may all become detached after a time and give rise to separate and independent individuals, as in the common Hydra, in which only polyp-individuals are produced and sexual elements From Allman's Gymnoblastic Hydroids, by permission of are developed the Council of the Ray Society.
From Allman's Gymnoblastic mnoblastic Hydroids, by permission of the Council of the Ray Society.
the Council of the Ray Society.
The histology described above for the polyp may be taken as the primitive type, from which that From Allman's G y mnoblastic Hydroids, by permission of the Council of the Ray Society.
in this sub-order have received Such are the " snake-like zoids " and as such are generally inter 4"0 ' 'Y p P After Allman, Gymnoblastic Hydroids, by permission of the council of the Ray Society.
After Allman, Gymnoblastic Hydroids, by permission of the council of the Ray Society.
The government of Germany during his minority was in the hands of Theophano, and after her death in June 99 1 passed to a council in which the chief influence was exercised by Adelaide and Willigis, archbishop of Mainz.
The first trace of system is in the limited right of appeal given by the first oecumenical council of Nicaea and its provision that episcopal sentences or those of provincial synods on appeal were to be recognized throughout the world.
A few years later, in 347, the council of Sardica, a council of practically the whole West save Africa, reversed Tyre and acquitted St Athanasius after a full judicial inquiry.
This council endeavoured to set up a system of appeals in the case of bishops, in which the see of Rome was made to play a great part.
The fifth oecumenical council came nearest to so doing, in the case of Vigilius.
That pope, although in Constantinople, refused to attend the sittings of the council.
After the council, Justinian banished the pope to Egypt, and afterwards to an island, until he accepted the council, which he ultimately did (ib.
As to appeals the mixed council of Cliff at Hoo (747) said they should go to the synod of the province.
At the council of " Nid " he was reconciled to the other bishops of the province, but not restored.
Canon 13 of the first council of Orleans, which has been cited in this matter, seems to have no application.
The 6th council of Toledo (in 693) has been cited as if it visited certain very great sinners with scourging as an ecclesiastical punishment.
The fifth canon of the council of Macon, in 584, forbids clergy to dress like laymen and imposes a penalty of thirty days' imprisonment on bread and water; but this may be merely penitential.
In 1438 the council of Basel took away all papal original jurisdiction (save in certain reserved cases - of which infra), evocation of causes to Rome, appeals to Rome omisso medio, and appeals to Rome altogether in many causes.
c.19 and its present successor the judicial committee of Privy Council (infra: Rep. Com.
c. 92 to the privy council, and then by 3 & 4 Will.
c. 41 to the judicial committee of the privy council.
The council of Trent took away the jurisdiction of archdeacons in marriage questions.
But the revocation of a desservant, and the forbidding him the execution of his ministry in the diocese, was not a case in which the council of state would interfere (Migne, ubi sup. " Appel comme d'abus," " Conseil d'etat ").
In the United States, the 3rd plenary council of Baltimore in 1884 provided that one rector out of ten should be irremovable (Smith, op. cit.
At the Vatican Council, a desire was expressed that he should be a priest (ib.).
The pope's immediate and original jurisdiction in every diocese is now expressly affirmed by the Vatican Council (ib.
The patriarchate was abolished and its jurisdiction transferred by a council at St Petersburg in 1721 to a Holy Governing Synod.
when he took over the city from Mathilda, an important new provision being that general rules for the government of the city were only to be made by arrangement between the count or his officials and the common council of the citizens.
It seems probable that the Vinaya and the four Nikayas were put substantially into the shape in which we now have them before the council at Vesali, a hundred years after the Buddha's death; that slight alterations and additions were made in them, and the miscellaneous Nikaya and the Abhidhamma books completed, at various times down to the third council under Asoka; and that the canon was then considered closed.
Of the Lenten fast or Quadragesima, the first mention is in the fifth canon of the council of Nicaea (325), and from this time it is frequently referred to, but chiefly as a season of preparation for baptism, of absolution of penitents or of retreat and recollection.
The society has also established a chemical research laboratory, in which much useful work has been done in connexion with the national pharmacopoeia under the direction of the Pharmacopoeia Committee of the Medical Council.
In 1642 the governor and council of Batavia fitted out two ships to prosecute the discovery of the south land, then believed to be part of a vast Antarctic continent, and entrusted the command to Captain Abel Jansen Tasman.
He voted for the exclusion of James, duke of York, from the throne, and made overtures to William, prince of Orange, and consequently in 168r he lost both his secretaryship and his seat on the privy council.
By this time he had made his peace with the duke of York, and when in February 1685 James became king, he retained his position of secretary, to which was soon added that of lord president of the council.
One of these provided that all matters relating to the government shall be transacted in the Privy Council, and that all resolutions "shall be signed by such of the Privy Council as shall advise and consent to the same"; and another declared that all office-holders and pensioners under the Crown shall be incapable of sitting in the House of Commons.
Finally a clause said that "no person born out of the kingdoms of England, Scotland or Ireland, or the dominions thereunto belonging (although he be naturalized or made a denizen) except such as are born of English parents, shall be capable to be of the Privy Council, or a member of either House of Parliament, or enjoy any office or place of trust, either civil or military, or to have any grant of lands, tenements or hereditaments from the Crown to himself, or to any other or others in trust for him."
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