Conrad Sentence Examples
He paid frequent visits to the court of his godfather the emperor Frederick II., and his loyalty to Frederick and to his son Conrad IV.
When the kingdom of Burgundy or Arles was acquired by the emperor Conrad II.
Arnulf, who was a candidate for the German crown in 919, claimed to be independent, and openly defied the German king, Conrad I.
He was attached to the Hohenstaufen by the marriage of his daughter, Elizabeth, with Conrad, son of Frederick II.
When King Conrad IV.Advertisement
The kingdom of Cyprus passed to Hugh, his son by an earlier marriage, while that of Jerusalem passed to Maria, the daughter of Isabella by her previous marriage with Conrad of Montferrat.
Difficulties, however, had arisen with Conrad of Montferrat; and when Guy lost his wife Sibylla in 1190, and Conrad married Isabella, her sister, now heiress of the kingdom, these difficulties culminated in Conrad's laying claim to the crown.
Though Conrad was almost immediately assassinated, the crown did not 1 A branch of the line continued in Poitou during the 13th century, and ruled in LaMarche till 1303.
It was on this subject of keeping pure the Lord's Table that the controversy arose between the ministers and the town councillors which ended in the banishment of Calvin, Farel and Conrad from Geneva.
Through the influence of Conrad Wimpina, rector of Frankfurt, Tetzel was created D.D.Advertisement
After this event Heribert, the archbishop of..Milan, invited Conrad, the Franconian king of Germany, into Italy, and crowned him with the iron crown of the kingdom.
During the reign of Conrad II., the party of the counts of Tusculum revived in Rome; and Crescentius, claiming the title of consul in.
The title of patrician was revived and offered to Conrad, king of Italy, but not crowned emperor.
Conrad refused it, and the Romans conferred it upon one of their own nobles.
Under the imperial rule of Lothar the Saxon (1125-1137) and Conrad the Swabian (1138I I 52), these civil wars increased in violence owing to the absence of authority.Advertisement
Neither Swablan Lothar nor Conrad was strong at home; the former emperors.
But when Conrad died, the electors chose his nephew Frederick, surnamed Barbarossa, who united the rival honors of Welf and Waiblingen, to succeed him; and it was soon obvious that the empire had a master powerful Fmder!ck of brain and firm of will.
The cause of his son Conrad was sustained in Lower Italy by Manfred, one of Fredericks many natural children; and, when Frede- Conrad died in 1254, Manfred still acted as vicegerent ricks for the Swabians, who were now represented by a boy SUCCCS Conradin.
A certain Conrad Schmidt placed himself at the head of a community of Thuringian flagellants, who took the name of Brethren of the Cross.
Shortly after the battle of Hittin there appeared in Palestine the ablest and most famous of the family, Count William's second son, Conrad.Advertisement
Conrad, following the family tradition, and invited by the emperor Isaac Angelus, had gone to serve at the court of Constantinople.
His elder brother had been the husband of the heiress Sibylla; and on the death of Sibylla, who had carried the crown to Guy de Lusignan by her second marriage, Conrad married her younger sister, Isabella, now the heiress of the kingdom, and claimed the crown (1190).
The struggle between Conrad and Guy paralysed the energies of the Christians in 1191.
After the departure of Philip, Conrad fomented the opposition of the French to Richard, and even intrigued with Saladin against him.
In the very hour of success, however, Conrad was struck down by the emissaries of the Old Man of the Mountain (the chief of the Assassins).Advertisement
This was Bonif ace of Montferrat, the younger brother of Conrad, who was chosen leader of the Fourth Crusade in 1201, on the death of Theobald of Champagne.
Their founder was Johann Conrad Beissel (1690-1768), a native of Eberbach and one of the first emigrants, who, after living as a hermit for several years on Mill Creek, Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, founded the sect (1725), then again lived as a hermit in a cave (formerly occupied by another hermit, one Elimelech) on the Cocalico Creek in Pennsylvania, and in 1732-1735 established a semi-monastic community (the "Order of the Solitary") with a convent (the "Sister House") and a monastery (the "Brother House") at Ephrata, in what is now Lancaster county, about 55 m.
In 1577 appeared the Foure Bookes of Husbandry, translated, with augmentation, from the work of Conrad Heresbach.
He retained his influence during the whole of the reign of Louis; and on the king's death in 911 was prominent in securing the election of Conrad, duke of Franconia, to the vacant throne.
When trouble arose between Conrad and Henry, duke of Saxony, afterwards King Henry the Fowler, the attitude of Conrad was ascribed by the Saxons to the influence of Hatto, who wished to prevent Henry from securing authority in Thuringia, where the see of Mainz had extensive possessions.
France St Bernard added the king of Germany, when, in Christmas week of 1146, he induced Conrad III.
Conrad, related by marriage to Manuel, decided in favour of the land route, which Manuel desired because it brought the Crusade more under his direction, and because, if the route by sea were followed, Roger of Sicily might be able to divert the crusading ships against Constantinople.
Here he joined Conrad (who had come by sea from Constantinople) and Baldwin III., and after some deliberation the three 1 We speak of First, Second and Third Crusades, but, more exactly, the Crusades were one continuous process.
Conrad returned to Constantinople in the autumn of 1148, and Louis VII.
Conrad of Montferrat was, as much as any one man, responsible for the Third Crusade.
It was indeed time; the privations of the besiegers during the previous winter had been terrible; and the position of affairs had only been made worse by the dissensions between Guy de Lusignan and Conrad of Montferrat, who had begun to claim the crown in return for his services, and had, on the death of Sibylla, the wife of Guy, reinforced his claim by a marriage with her younger sister, Isabella.
In these dissensions it was inevitable that Philip Augustus and Richard I., already discordant, should take contrary sides; and while Richard naturally sided with Guy de Lusignan, who came from his own county of Poitou, Philip as naturally sided with Conrad.
On the one hand, the death of the count of Champagne (May 1201) had induced the crusaders to elect as their leader Boniface of Montferrat, the brother of Conrad; and Boniface was the cousin of Philip, and interested in Constantinople, where not only Conrad, but another brother as well, had served, and suffered for their service at the hands of their masters.
The original leader of the Crusade was John of Brienne, king of Jerusalem (who had succeeded Amalric II., marrying Maria, the daughter of Amalric's wife Isabella by her former husband, Conrad of Montferrat); but after the end of 1218 the cardinal legate Pelagius, fortified by papal letters, claimed the command.
In part the war of Guelph and Ghibelline fought itself out in the East; and while one party demanded a regency, as in 1243, another argued for the recognition of Conrad, the son of Frederick II., as king.
He worked in conjunction with Luther's friend, John Lange, and was opposed by the Franciscans under Conrad Kling.
The map, apparently of the 3rd century, was copied by a monk at Colmar, in 1265, who fortunately contented himself with adding a few scriptural names, and having been acquired by the learned Conrad Peutinger of FIG.
Columbus and Magellan had such globes, those of the latter produced by P. Reinel (1519), and Conrad Celtes tells us that he illustrated his lectures at the university of Vienna with the help of globes (1501).
Conrad Weiser, a well-known Indian interpreter, and herself said to have had Indian blood in her veins; by her he had eleven children.
The necessary works were begun in 1807 under the supervision of Hans Conrad Escher of Zurich (1767-1823).
Henry, who already ruled lower Lusatia and the new and smaller Saxon east mark, was succeeded in 1103 by his cousin Thimo, and in 1104 by his son Henry II., whose claim on the mark was contested by Thimo's son Conrad.
Conrad, called the Great, extended the boundaries of Meissen before abdicating in 1156 in favour of his son Otto, known as the Rich.
In 1155 the German king, Frederick I., appointed his step-brother Conrad as count palatine.
Conrad took up his residence at the castle of Juttenbuhel, near Heidelberg, which became the capital of the Palatinate.
In 1195 Conrad was succeeded by his son-in-law Henry, son of Henry the Lion, duke of Saxony, who was a loyal supporter of the emperor Henry VI.
His eldest son, Leopold IV., became margrave in 1136, and in 1139 received from the German king Conrad III.
He aided Prince Conrad in his rebellion against his father and crowned him king of the Romans at Milan in 1093, and likewise encouraged the Empress Prakedis in her charges against her husband.
He continued the struggle vigorously with Frederick's son and successor, Conrad IV., who in 1252 descended into Italy, reduced the rebellious cities and claimed the imperial crown.
Even after Conrad's capture of Naples Innocent remained inexorable; for he feared that Rome itself might fall into the hands of the German king.
On the 10th of May 1254 Conrad died, leaving his infant son Conradin, as Henry VI.
In the 11th century Eccelin, a German, obtained fiefs in this district from Conrad II.
Aquila was founded by Conrad, son of the emperor Frederick II., about 1250, as a bulwark against the power of the papacy.
Richard also threw himself into the disputes respecting the crown of Jerusalem, and supported Guy of Lusignan against Conrad of Montferrat with so much heat that he incurred grave, though unfounded, suspicions of complicity when Conrad was assassinated by emissaries of the Old Man of the Mountain.
In 944 Lorraine was given to Conrad, surnamed the Red, who in 947 married the king's daughter Liutgard; Franconia was retained by Otto in his own hands; Henry married a daughter of Arnulf, duke of Bavaria, and received that duchy in 947; and Swabia came in 949 to the king's son Ludolf, who had married Ida, a daughter of the late duke, Hermann.
When Adelaide bore a son, and a report gained currency that Otto intended to make this child his heir, Ludolf rose in revolt and was joined by Conrad of Lorraine and Frederick of Mainz.
Ludolf and Conrad were declared deposed, and in 953 war broke out in Lorraine and Swabia, and afterwards in Saxony and Bavaria.
Otto failed to take Mainz and Augsburg; but an attempt on the part of Conrad and Ludolf to gain support from the Magyars, who had seized the opportunity to invade Bavaria, alienated many of their supporters.
Otto's brother Bruno, archbishop of Cologne, was successful in restoring the royal authority in Lorraine, so that when Conrad and Frederick soon afterwards submitted to Otto, the struggle was confined to Bavaria.
Ludolf was not long in following the example of Conrad; and with the capture of Regensburg in 955 the rising ended.
Conrad and Ludolf retained their estates, but their duchies were not restored to them.
The citadel was rebuilt by the emperor Conrad II., but the town itself was founded in 1276 by the emperor Rudolph who granted it the rights of a free imperial city.
One of the most interesting amongst recent alloys is Conrad Heusler's alloy of copper, aluminium and manganese, which possesses magnetic properties far in excess of those of the constituent metals.
In 1034 he obtained part of Maurienne as a reward for helping King Conrad the Salic to make good his claims on Burgundy.
In the beginning of the 13th century the village received municipal rights; in 1232 it was captured and burned by the landgrave Conrad of Thuringia and his allies; in 1631 it was taken by William of Hesse; in 1760 it was successfully defended by General Luckner against the French; and in 1761 it was occupied by the French and unsuccessfully bombarded by the Allies.
On his father's death in 912 he became duke of Saxony, which he ruled with considerable success, defending it from the attacks of the Sla y s and resisting the claims of the German king Conrad I.
He afterwards won the esteem of Conrad to such an extent that in 918 the king advised the nobles to make the Saxon duke his successor.
After Conrad's death the Franks and the Saxons met at Fritzlar in May 919 and chose Henry as German king, after which the new king refused to allow his election to be sanctioned by the church.
The 2000 lines of the German Kaiserchronik on the history of Charlemagne belong to the first half of the 12th century, and were perhaps the work of Conrad, the poet of the Ruolantes Liet.
Lothair, unable to capture Nuremberg, gained the support of Henry the Proud, the new duke of Bavaria, by giving him his daughter, Gertrude, in marriage, and that of Conrad, count of Zahringen, by granting him the administration of the kingdom of Burgundy, or Arles.
As a counterstroke, however, Conrad of Hohenstaufen, the brother of Frederick, was chosen German king in December 1127, and was quickly recognized in northern Italy.
The emperor seconded the efforts of his vassals, Albert the Bear, margrave of the Saxon north mark, and Conrad I., margrave of Meissen and Lusatia, to extend the authority of the Germans in the districts east of the Elbe, and assisted Norbert, archbishop of Magdeburg, and Albert I., archbishop of Bremen, to spread Christianity.
The family of Wezil died out in 1194, and the existing branches of the Hohenzollerns are descended from Burkhard and his son Frederick, whose eldest son, Frederick II., was in great favour with the German kings, Lothair the Saxon and Conrad III.
He died about 1200; and his sons, Conrad and Frederick, ruled their lands in common until 1227, when an important division took place.
Conrad became burgrave of Nuremberg, and, receiving the lands which had come into the family through his mother, founded the Franconian branch of the family, which became the more important of the two; while Frederick, receiving the county of Zollern and the older possessions of the family, was the ancestor of the Swabian branch.
The Franconian branch of the Hohenzollerns was represented in 1227 by Conrad, burgrave of Nuremberg, whom the emperor Frederick II.
After a short apostasy, during which he supported Henry Raspe, landgrave of Thuringia, Conrad returned to the side of the Hohenstaufen and aided Conrad IV.
He was a Roman named Conrad, son of Benedictus, and at the time of his election, on the 9th of July 1153, was cardinal bishop of Sabina.
His proper name was Bruno; the family to which he belonged was of noble rank, and through his father he was related to the emperor Conrad II.
He was educated at Toul, where he successively became canon and (1026) bishop; in the latter capacity he rendered important political services to his relative Conrad II., and afterwards to Henry III., and at the same time he became widely known as an earnest and reforming ecclesiastic by the zeal he showed in spreading the rule of the order of Cluny.
Liudolf's second son, Otto the Illustrious, was recognized as duke of Saxony by King Conrad I., and on the death of Burkhard, margrave of Thuringia in 908, obtained authority over that country also.
Between this prince and Conrad I., who wished to curb the increasing power of the Saxon duke, a quarrel took place; but Henry not only retained his hold over Saxony and Thuringia, but on Conrad's death in 919 was elected German king.
Bernard was succeeded by his son Bernard II., who took up a hostile attitude towards the German kings, Conrad II.
The succeeding German king Conrad III.
The situation was changed in his favour when Frederick I., who was anxious to count the duke among his supporters, succeeded Conrad as German king in February 1152.
Henry was appointed regent for King Conrad IV., but he soon transferred his allegiance from the emperor to Pope Innocent IV., and in 1246 was chosen German king at Beitshochheim.
He defeated Conrad near Frankfort in August 1246, but died in the following year at the Wartburg, when the male line of the family became extinct.
In 1032, with the rest of the kingdom of Burgundy or Arles, it reverted to the emperor Conrad II.,who was crowned king at Payerne in 1033, and in 1034 was recognized as such at Geneva by a great assembly of nobles from Germany, Burgundy and Italy, this rather unwilling surrender signifying the union of those 3 kingdoms. It is said that Conrad granted the temporal sovereignty of the city to the bishop, who, in 1162, was raised to the rank of a prince of the Holy Roman Empire, being elected, from 1215, by the chapter, but, after 1418, named directly by the pope himself.
But in 1027, with the rest of the diocese of Trent, it was given by the emperor Conrad II.
In the first year of the 13th century, the Knights of the Sword, one of the numerous orders of crusading military monks, had been founded in Livonia to "convert" the pagan Letts, and, in 1208, the still more powerful Teutonic order was invited by Duke Conrad of Masovia to settle in the district of Kulm (roughly corresponding to modern East Prussia) to protect his territories against the incursions of the savage Prussians, a race closely akin to the Lithuanians.
Conrad has been loudly blamed by Polish historians for introducing this foreign, and as it ultimately proved, dangerous element into Poland.
He was carrying on the struggle against Henry Raspe's successor, William II., count of Holland, when the emperor died in December 1250, and a few days later Conrad narrowly escaped assassination at Regensburg.
The history of classical philology in Germany was written by Conrad Bursian (1830-1883).
In 1137 his cousin, Henry the Proud, had been deprived by King Conrad III.
Conrad's son Frederick inherited the duchy of Franconia which his father had received in 1115, and this was retained by the Hohenstaufen until the death of Duke Conrad II.
In 1152 Frederick received the duchy of Swabia from his cousin the German king Frederick I., and on his death in 1167 it passed successively to Frederick's three sons Frederick, Conrad and Philip. The second Hohenstaufen emperor was Frederick Barbarossa's son, Henry VI., after whose death a struggle for the throne took place between Henry's brother Philip, duke of Swabia, and Otto of Brunswick, afterwards the emperor Otto IV.
Regained for the Hohenstaufen by Henry's son, Frederick II., in 1214, the German kingdom passed to his son, Conrad IV., and when Conrad's son Conradin was beheaded in Italy in 1268, the male line of the Hohenstaufen became extinct.
Daughters of Philip of Swabia married Ferdinand III., king of Castile and Leon, and Henry II, duke of Brabant, and a daughter of Conrad, brother of the emperor Frederick I., married into the family of Guelph.
In 978 she lef t the court and lived partly in Italy, partly with her brother Conrad, king of Burgundy, by whose mediation she was ultimately reconciled to her son.
It may even be maintained that his elevation was due solely to his personal claims. This was a victory for Rome, and it was repeated in the case of the first Hohenstaufen, Conrad III., who owed his elevation (1138) mainly to the princes of the Church and the legate of Innocent II., by whom he was crowned.
Lacking often the protection of a strong ruler, the Lombard cities had been accustomed to act together for mutual defence, and in 1093 Milan, Lodi, Piacenza and Cremona formed an alliance against the emperor Henry IV., in favour of his rebellious son Conrad.
Refusing to acknowledge the supremacy of the German king Conrad I., he was unsuccessfully attacked by the latter, and in 920 was recognized as duke by Conrad's successor, Henry I., the Fowler, who admitted his supremacy and the right to appoint the bishops, to coin money and to issue laws.
Alarmed at this prince's power, King Conrad III.
About 1210 he was appointed master of the Teutonic Order, and was offered, in 1226, the province of Kulm by Conrad I., duke of Masovia, in return for help against the Prussians; this he accepted and obtained the investiture from Frederick.
A part of his work was undertaken by Johann Conrad Wirtz, who was ordained by the New Brunswick (New Jersey) Presbytery in 1750, and in 1761-63 was pastor at York, Pennsylvania.
The foundation of the present cathedral was then laid by Conrad of Hochstaden (archbishop from 1288 to 1261).
After Conrad's death the work of building advanced but slowly, and at the time of the Reformation it ceased entirely.
In the 13th century the archbishops made repeated efforts to reassert their authority, and in 1259 Archbishop Conrad of Hochstaden, by appealing to the democratic element of the population, the "brotherhoods" (fraternitates) of the craftsmen, succeeded in overthrowing the Richerzeche and driving its members into exile.
The disorders of his conduct, though tolerated by the emperors, Conrad II.
Accordingly the nobles assembled at Forchheim, and by the advice of Otto the Illustrious, duke of Saxony, Conrad of Franconia was chosen German king.
The dukes of Bavaria, Swabia and Lorraine were displeased at this election, probably because Conrad was likely to prove considerably more powerful than they wished.
Rather than acknowledge him, the duke of Lotharingia-, or Lorraine, transferred his allegiance to Charles the Simple of France; and it was in vain that Conrad protested and despatched armies into Lorraine.
They had now induced Conrad to quarrel with both Swabia and Bavaria, and also with Henry, duke of Saxony, son of the duke to whom he chiefly owed his crown.
In these contests the German king met with indifferent success, but the struggle with Saxony was not very serious, and when dying in December 919 Conrad recommended the Franconian nobles to offer the crown to Henry, the only man who could cope with the anarchy by which he had himself been baffled.
In the first year of his reign the Magyars, who had continued to -scourge Henry Germany during the reign of Conrad, broke into and the isiagyars.
He went to an old enemy of his father, Frederick, archbishop of Mains, and the two plotted together against the king, who, hearing of their proceedings, returned to Germany in 952, leaving Duke Conrad of Lorraine as his representative in Italy.
Conrad the Red hurried from Italy and joined the rebels; in Swabia, in Bavaria, in Franconia and even in Saxony, the native land of the king, many sided with them.
Thc Magyars were as usual stimulated to action by the disunion of their enemies; and Conrad and Ludolf made the blunder of inviting their help, a proceeding which disgusted the Germans, many of whom fell away from their side and rallied to thi head and protector of the nation.
In a very short time Conrad and the archbishop of Mainz submitted, and although Ludoli held out a little longer he soon asked for pardon.
After a fierce and obstinate fight, in which Conrad and many other nobles fell the Germans were victorious; the Magyars were even mon thoroughly scourged than in the battles in which Ottos fathe had given them their first real check.
He also interfered in the affairs of Burgundy, but the acquisition of this kingdom was the work of his successor, Conrad II.
After Henrys death the nobles met at Kamba, near Oppenheim, and in September 1024 elected Conrad, a Franconian count, to the vacant throne.
With regard to the German duchies Conrad followed the policy of Otto the Great.
Franconia was in the hands of Conrad himself; thus Saxony, Thuringia, Carinthia and Lorraine were the only duchies not completely dependent upon the king.
When Conrad ascended the throne the safety of Germany was endangered from three different points.
In 1030 Conrad bouring waged a short war against Hungary, but here also countries, he was obliged to assent to a cession of territory.
After the death of Boleslaus in 1025 the Poles plunged into a civil war, and Conrad was able to turn this to his own advantage, in 1031 he recovered Lusatia and other districts, and in 1033 the Polish duke of Mesislaus did homage to him at Merseburg.
In Italy, whither he journeyed in 1026 and 1036, Conrad was not welcomed.
The event which threw the greatest lustre upon this reign was the acquisition of the kingdom of Burgundy, or Aries, which was bequeathed to Conrad by its king, Rudolph III., the uncle of his wife, Gisela.
Rudolph died in 1032, and in 1033 Conrad was crowned king at Peterlingen, being at once recognized by the German-speaking population.
In dealing with the revolt of nobles Ernest of Swabia Conrad was aided by the reluctance a-nd the of the vassals of the great lords to follow them against land.
In Germany Conrad did not definitely decree that fiefs should pass from father to son, but he encouraged and took advantage of the tendency in this direction, a tendency which was, obviously, a serious blow at the pow-er of the great lords over their vassals.
Among the causes which undermined Henrys strength was the fact that the mediate nobles, who had stood loyally by his father, Conrad, were not his friends; probably his wars made serious demands upon them, and his strict administration of justice, especially his insistence upon the maintenance of the public peace, was displeasing to them.
Henrys chief friends were his nephews, the two Hohenstaufen princes, Frederick and Conrad, to whose father Frederick the emperor Henry IV.
The younger Frederick succeeded to this duchy in 1105, while ten years later Conrad was made duke of Franconia, a country which for nearly a century had been under the immediate government of the crown.
Lothairs rebuff in Bohemia stiffened the backs of Frederick and Conrad, and in order to contend with them the king secured a powerful ally by marrying his daughter Gertrude to Henry the Proud, a grandson of Welf, whom Henry IV.
This was ended by the submission of Frederick in 1134 and of Conrad in.
Saxony, with the assent of Albert the Bear, was granted by Conrad to Henry the Lion, and Bavaria was given to Henry Jasomirgott, who had just succeeded his brother Leopold as margrave of Austria.
Notwithstanding the many sources of confusion Conrad was persuaded by the passionate eloquence of Bernard of Clairvaux to take part in the second crusade; be left for the East in 1147 and returned to Germany in 1149, to find Welf again in arms and Henry the Lion claiming Bavaria.
Frederick himself had also been closely associated with Conrad, who advised the princes to choose his nephew as his successor.
Siegfried of Mainz deserted his master, and visiting Germany in 1242 Frederick found it necessary to purchase the support of the towns by a grant of extensive privileges; but, although this bad the desired effect, Conrad could make but little headway against the increasing number of his enemies.
This happened in May 1246, and the conduct of the struggle against the Pfaffenkonig, as Henry was called, was left to Conrad, who was aided by the Bavariansi until February 1247, when the anti-king died.
German culture, after a short revival, perished once more amid the smoke of the fires kindled by Conrad of Marburg and his fellow inquisitors.
In 1514 WUrttemberg was disturbed by the rising of poor Conrad, but these and other similar revolts in the neighborhood were suppressed by the princes.
Something is learned, too, from biographies written by the monks, of which Einhards Vita Karoli Magni is the greatest and the best, and Wipos life of the emperor Conrad II.
On Frederick's death in 1250 the crown passed to his son Conrad, not emperor indeed, but king of the Romans.
He was exiled from Denmark in company with another sympathizer with the principles of the French Revolution, Malte Conrad Brunn (1775-1826), who settled in Paris, and attained a world-wide reputation as a geographer.
Without being so forward as the rival city of Augsburg to embrace the architectural fashions of the Italian renaissance - continuing, indeed, to be profoundly imbued with the old and homely German burgher spirit, and to wear, in a degree which time has not very much impaired even yet, the quaintness of the old German civic aspect - she had imported before the close of the 15th century a fair share of the new learning of Italy, and numbered among her citizens distinguished humanists like Hartmann Schedel, Sebald Schreier, Willibald Pirkheimer and Conrad Celtes.
The burgraviate of Magdeburg was held by several countly families in turn until 1269, when it was purchased by Archbishop Conrad II., who, however, soon sold it.
We first hear of the cruelties of Austrian bailiffs in the Forest districts in the Bernese Chronicle of Conrad Justinger (1420).
Tetzel, in conjunction with a friend, Conrad Wimpina, had published a set of counter-theses.
This lady, however, was much older than Robert, who repudiated her in 989, fixing his affections upon Bertha, daughter of Conrad the Peaceful, king of Burgundy, or Arles, and wife of Eudes I., count of Blois; and although the pair were related, and the king had been godfather to one of Bertha's children, they were married in 996, a year after the death of Eudes.
Owing to family quarrels, he could not prevent the kingdom of Burgundy, or Arles, from passing into the hands of the emperor Conrad II., and no serious results followed his interference in Flanders or in Lorraine.
By his political sagacity and moderation Manfred won a strong party to his side and helped Conrad to subjugate the rebellious barons.
Upon it in 1147 there followed the second crusade; and in that crusade Baldwin III., now some eighteen years of age, played his part by the side of Conrad III.
In the words of Falkenhayn, who refused his cooperation to the proposal made by Conrad von Hgtzendorff in Dec. 1915, " this project contemplated an operation which must, once at least during the war, have certainly attracted the attention of every general staff officer who took a look at the map of the Italian theatre of war.
He felt, too, that even if the plan were as successful as Conrad claimed it would be, its effect on the general course of the war would not be sufficiently important to warrant the risk taken in detaching a strong German force for the enterprise itself, or for replacing Austro-Hungarian divisions in the east if the actual attack should be left to Germany's ally.
Conrad believed that the effect of the attack would be decisive, and Krauss, then chief of the staff to the Archduke Eugene, agreed, but was of opinion that a double attack should be made, on both the Julian and Trentino fronts.
Conrad does not seem to have considered the idea of attacking till later on in the season, and the plan which he put before German headquarters was radically different in idea from that which Krauss favoured.
Conrad's plan was to attack through the Asiago and Arsiero uplands, in the direction of Vicenza and Bassano rather than towards Verona.
Conrad's attacking mass consisted of 14 divisions only.
In view of the relatively small force available, Conrad was compelled to reduce his front of attack.
It seems obvious that with this limited force, operating in difficult country, Conrad could not have hoped to achieve the more ambitious results which he had urged would follow upon a successful attack from the Trentino.
He believed he had shut the doors fast against any ordinary attack, and he did not think that Conrad could spare troops for an offensive on the grand scale, or that, if he could, he would make his big effort in the Trentino.
He assumed, moreover, that Conrad had reasonably accurate information about the forthcoming Russian offensive and would not risk attacking at such a distance when the Russian threat was imminent.
But Conrad hoped to attack sooner than he eventually did; his troops were ready in April, but the snow caused a delay which gave rise to much impatience at Austrian headquarters.
But the original plan, prepared in all its details by Conrad and his staff, was not modified; it would seem that the Archduke Eugene and his chief-of-staff had little freedom of action.
By May 27 Conrad had been compelled to ask Falkenhayn to send to Italy a division of the Austrian XII.
Conrad thought that his line in the east was firmly held.
Failure was due to the fact that the attack met with a resistance that went beyond Conrad's calculations.
In December 1137 Lothair died, and some of the princes met at Coblenz, and chose Conrad for a second time as German king on the 7th of March 1138, in presence of the papal legate.
Conrad, however, captured the fortress of Weinsberg from Welf in December 1140, and is said to have allowed the women to leave the town, each with as much of her property as she could carry on her back.
Peace was made at Frankfort in May 1142, when Henry the Lion, son of Henry the Proud, was confirmed in the duchy of Saxony, while Bavaria was given to Conrad's step-brother Henry Jasomirgott, margrave of Austria, who married Gertrude, the widow of Henry the Proud.
This state of affairs drove Conrad into alliance with the East Roman emperor, Manuel Comnenus, who in 1146 married his step-sister; but the condition of Germany prevented the contemplated campaign against Roger.
The solitary success amid the general disorder in the Empire was the expedition undertaken in 1142 by Conrad into Bohemia, where he restored his brother-in-law Ladislaus to this throne.
Meanwhile Germany was ravaged and devastated by civil war, which Conrad was unable to repress.
Stricken by illness, Conrad returned to Constantinople at Christmas 1147, but in March 1148 set out to rejoin his troops.
Conrad died on the 15th of February 1152 at Bamberg, where he was buried.
The chief authority for Conrad's life and reign is Otto of Freising, "Chronicon," in the Monumenta Germaniae historica.
Laid in ruins by Henry, who was attacked by the citizens on the night after his coronation in 1004, it was none the less ready to close its gates on Conrad the Salic in 1026.
For Conrad saw a chance, and, though he was short of troops, he struck at once, while calling for reenforcements to be sent to him for the eastern armies.
When they had taken up their positions in the Meletta - Badenecche salient, Conrad's attacks were renewed, and for 10 days the fight continued, but brought no success to the Austrians, who lost heavily.
Conrad had brought to this sector of the front all the troops who had been in the Fassa Alps, but he still felt himself too weak for the end he had in view - a break-through to the plain, and he urged continually the dispatch of further reinforcements.
Conrad and Boroevic were making no headway, but a more dangerous attack was being conducted by Krauss, between the Brenta and the Piave.
Conrad and Krauss continued their attempts to break through on the mountain front, but Krauss confined his efforts to the positions west of Monte Grappa and the worrying Solarolo salient.
Next day Conrad's eastern columns pushed down quickly towards Foza, but were held by a rearguard of Bersaglieri and Alpini who fought off the attack until a new line was established farther S., covering Valstagna and the mouth of the Frenzela valley.
Between Conrad's two efforts Krauss had made a determined attempt to drive the Italians off the Grappa line.
When the emperor Conrad, with the deliberate intention of subjugating Hungary, invaded it in 1030, Stephen not only drove him out, but captured Vienna (now mentioned for the first time) 'and compelled the emperor to cede a large portion of the Ostmark (1031).
When his father died in 11 4 7 Frederick became duke of Swabia, and immediately afterwards accompanied his uncle, the German king Conrad III., on his disastrous crusade, during which he greatly distinguished himself and won the complete confidence of the king.
Abandoning the cause of the Welfs, he fought for Conrad against them, and in 1152 the dying king advised the princes to choose Frederick as his successor to the exclusion of his own young son.
Jasomirgott, margrave of Austria, to Henry the Lion, duke of Saxony; and the former was pacified by the erection of his margraviate into a duchy, while Frederick's step-brother Conrad was invested with the Palatinate of the Rhine.
He compiled with his friend John Slidell a valuable digest of decisions of the superior courts of New Orleans and Louisiana; and as a partner in the firm of Slidell, Benjamin & Conrad, he enjoyed a good practice.
In 1555 he published a new edition of Conrad Gesner's Epitome of his Bibliotheca universalis (a list of all authors who had written in Greek, Latin or Hebrew), in 1574 a new edition of the Bibliotheca itself, and in 1575 an annotated edition of the Antonine Itinerary.
Crowned poets, of whom the most eminent was Conrad Celtes Protucius (Pickel!), emulated the fame of Politian and Pontano.
In 121 0 John married the heiress Mary (daughter of Isabella and Conrad of Montferrat), assuming the title of king in right of his wife.
But in 1152 the German king Conrad III., whom the papal party and the Roman republic had in vain begged to intervene, was succeeded by Frederick I.
Yet, by the maintenance of his peace policy, which had the full approval of the Emperor Francis Joseph, he came into serious conflict with the party led by the chief of the general staff, Conrad von Hdtzendorf, which championed a policy not afraid of energetic, warlike methods.
Though the title of king was only conferred on Vratislav g g y "kings" personally, the German king, Conrad III., conferred on the Bohemian prince Sobeslav (1125-1140) the title of hereditary cupbearer of the Empire, thus granting a certain influence on the election of the emperors to Bohemia, which hitherto had only obligations towards the Empire but no part in its government.
Conrad Celtes left his Germania illustrata unfinished, but he had found the works of Hroswitha.
Conrad Peutinger gathered all sorts of Chronicles in his room in Vienna, and published several, - among them Gregory of Tours.
Historians have sometimes confused her with Maud (or Matilda),the emperor Conrad II.'s daughter, to whom Henry was affianced in 1033, but who died before the marriage.
In 1147 he granted a passage through his dominions to two armies of crusaders under Conrad III.
Manuel married, firstly, a sister-inlaw of Conrad III.
His brother, Frederick Augustus Conrad Muhlenberg (1750-1801), became his father's assistant in Philadelphia in 1770; was pastor of the Christ (or Swamp) German Lutheran Church of New York City from 1773 to 1776; and in1777-1779was assistant to his father at New Hanover.
With the help of Robert (his stepfather) he raised an army, besieged Conrad, the successor of William, in the castle of Ysselmonde Utrecht and took him prisoner.
As a dependency of the Benedictine abbey of Limburg, which was built and endowed by Conrad II., Di rkheim or Thurnigheim came into the possession of the counts of Leiningen, who in the 14th century made it the seat of a fortress, and enclosed it with wall and ditch.
Conrad, a member of the former family, who took the title of "duke in Franconia" about the year 900, was chosen German king in 911 as the representative of the foremost of the German races.
Conrad I handed over the chief authority in Franconia to his brother Eberhard, who remained on good terms with Conrad's successor Henry I.
The most influential family in Rhenish Franconia was that of the Salians, the head of which early in the 10th century was Conrad the Red, duke of Lorraine, and son-in-law of Otto the Great.
This Conrad, his son Otto and his grandson Conrad are sometimes called dukes of Franconia; and in 1024 his greatgrandson Conrad, also duke of Franconia, was elected German king as Conrad II.
The duchy was nominally retained by the emperors in their own hands until 1115, when the emperor Henry V., wishing to curb the episcopal influence in this neighbourhood, appointed his nephew Conrad of Hohenstaufen as duke of Franconia.
Conrad's son Frederick took the title of duke of Rothenburg instead of duke of Franconia, but in 1196, on the death of Conrad of Hohenstaufen, son of the emperor Frederick I., the title fell into disuse.
The duchy of Swabia was ruled by the Hohenstaufen family until the death of Conradin in 1268, when a considerable part of it fell to the count of Wurttemberg, the representative of a family first mentioned about 1080, a certain Conrad von Beutelsbach, having called himself after his ancestral castle of Wurttemberg.
The extortions by which he sought to raise money for his extravagant pleasures excited a rising known as that of the arme Konrad (poor Conrad), not unlike the rebellion in England led by Wat Tyler; order was soon restored, and in 1514 by the treaty of Tubingen the people undertook to pay the duke's debts in return for various political privileges, which in effect laid the foundation of the constitutional liberties of the country.
In 1147 he took part in the disastrous crusade of Conrad III.
He enjoyed the favour of Conrad's successor, Frederick I.; was probably instrumental in settling the dispute over the duchy of Bavaria in 1156; was present at the famous diet at Besancon in 1157, and, still retaining the dress of a Cistercian monk, died at Morimond on the 22nd of September 1158.
The cathedral has some fine stained glass, a sculptured pulpit and the famous astronomical clock in the south transept; this contains some fragments of the clock built by the mathematician, Conrad Dasypodius, in 1574.
The most noteworthy use of the term "Interregnum" in post-classical times is that of the Great Interregnum in German history between the death of Conrad IV.
After some delay the elder Conrad was elected German king early in September 1024.
Conrad then travelled through his dominions, received tribute from tribes dwelling east of Saxony, and by his journey "bound the kingdom most firmly in the bond of peace, and the kingly protection."
In 1026 Conrad set out for Italy, and supported by Heribert, archbishop of Milan, assumed the Lombard crown in that city, and afterwards overcame the resistance which was offered by Pavia and Ravenna.
The emperor then visited southern Italy, where by mingling justice with severity he secured respect for the imperial authority; and returned to Germany to find Ernest of Swabia, the younger Conrad, and their associates again in arms. One cause of this rising was the claim put forward by Ernest to the Burgundian succession, as King Rudolph was his great-uncle.
An expedition against Stephen in 1029 was only partially successful, but he submitted in 1031, and in 1032 Mesislaus was compelled to cede Lusatia to Conrad.
Collecting an army, Conrad marched into Burgundy in 1033, was chosen and crowned king of Peterlingen, and after driving his rival from the land was again crowned at Geneva in 1034.
Having asserted his authority over the Bohemians and other Slavonic tribes, Conrad went a second time to Italy in 1036 in response to an appeal from Heribert of Milan, whose oppressions had led to a general rising of the smaller vassals against their lords.
Unable to take Milan, Conrad issued in May 1037 an edictum de beneficiis, by which he decreed that the principle of heredity should apply in Italy to lands held by sub vassals,, and that this class of tenants should not be deprived e;f their lands except by the sentence of their peers, and should retain the right of appeal to the emperor.
Having crushed a rising at Parma and left the city in flames, Conrad restored Pope Benedict IX.
Conrad did much for the strengthening of the German kingdom.
Having thus tranquillized the west, Charles took advantage of Louis the Childs death, and conquered Lorraine, in spite of opposition from Conrad, EngelspIe king of Germany (921).
In order to retake it Henry ceded the beautiful valley of the Sane and the Rhne to the German emperor Conrad, and henceforth the kingdom of Burgundy was, like Lorraine, to follow the fortunes of Germany.
His second son, Conrad, was invested with the duchy of Swabia, and the claim of Wenceslaus, king of Bohemia, to some lands which had belonged to the German king Philip was bought off.
In January 1237 he secured the election of his son Conrad as German king at Vienna; and in September went to Italy to prosecute the war which had broken out with the Lombards in the preceding year.
By his will he appointed his son Conrad to succeed him in Germany and Sicily, and Henry, his son by Isabella of England, to be king of Jerusalem or Arles, neither of which kingdoms, however, he obtained.
In 1676 Wepfer and Conrad Brunner demonstrated on dogs the tetanizing action of nux vomica, and similar rough experiments were repeated from time to time with other substances by later investigators.
The Sachsenspiegel, written before 1235, mentions the margrave as one of the electors, by virtue of the office of chamberlain, which had probably been conferred on Albert the Bear by the German king Conrad III.
Conrad wears breeches or short trousers with a tunic.
The remark was glad that sour faced brute Conrad did not wait in ambush for conrad behind the door swung open.
His scheme of obliterating the unprepossessing Conrad again accompany the girl was a wild - they were high.
But this time Conrad again recalled a memory of sunbeams.
To do great north korea were as Joseph Conrad listeners could groove on.
Conrad who's had nine-day excursion from four times now miami fl or.
General Sarov and his wonderfully grotesque henchman, Conrad, are the baddies in this globetrotting adventure packed with excitement.
Joseph Conrad listeners could groove on.
Conrad has recently been involved with surveillance at brothels where there are child prostitutes.
Conrad - Lead Guitar You want a blistering solo - you'll be needing a bit of Conrad then.
At times Conrad seems almost superhuman in his bravery.
Conrad (22) Found Somewhat Similar Results For Q, The Principal Maximum Occurring At I P.M., With Minima At 9 P.M.
On the top of the Sonnblick, Conrad observed a slight increase of a± as the wind velocity increased up to 20 km.
On the Sonnblick, Conrad (22) found dissipation increase decidedly as the absolute barometric pressure was larger, and he found no difference between days of rising and falling barometer.
When Henry III., the son of Conrad, entered Italy in 1046, he found three popes in Rome.
First and foremost of these was Erasmus; others were Hermann von dem Busche, the missionary of humanism, Conrad Goclenius (Gockelen), Conrad Mutianus (Muth von Mudt) and pope Adrian VI.
At the end of July it was decided that Guy should remain king for his life, and Conrad should be his successor; but as three days afterwards Philip Augustus began his return to France (pleading ill-health, but in reality eager to gain possession of Flanders), the settlement availed little for the success of the Crusade.
At this time, in association with the keen humanists Conrad Mutian, Crotus Rubeanus and Eoban Hess, he was of sceptical tendency; moving to Wittenberg in 1519, he became evangelical under the teaching of Melanchthon and the preaching of Luther.
A jewelled cross rises from the large front plaque, and an arch bearing the name of the emperor Conrad springs across from the back of this cross to the back of the crown.
Conrad possessed military talents, and had many estimable qualities, but he lacked perseverance and foresight, and was hampered by his obligations to the church.
Geuther); or by the addition of water to the pentachloride, the precipitate formed being dried over sulphuric acid (P. Conrad, Chem.
The children of the family - Paris and her younger siblings, Nicky, Barron II, and Conrad II - lived a life of indulgence and privilege, moving from one multi-million dollar home to another.
Lauren Conrad and Jason Wahler - One for everyone who watched the last episode of The Hills and shook their heads wondering how Lauren could pass up an internship with Vogue in Paris to send the summer with…Jason.
Nicky Hilton was born in New York City, New York, in 1983, and was fortunate enough to be born into the Hilton family - her great-grandfather, Conrad Hilton, is the man behind the Hilton hotel brand.
Lauren Conrad kicks off February with a birthday on the first day of the month.
Since her departure from reality television, Conrad has focused on her clothing lines and writing.
Most recently, a sex tape is rumored to exist between Laguna Beach and The Hills star Lauren Conrad and former co-star and boyfriend Jason Wahler.
In addition to Jason Wahler's legal problems, he and former girlfriend Lauren Conrad (co-star of Laguna Beach and The Hills) reportedly have a sex video that she denies was ever made.
Heidi Montag, star of MTV's The Hills, has been making headlines lately for her verbal war with costar Lauren Conrad.
The beef between Montag and Conrad began during the season two finale of The Hills, when Montag moved out of the apartment she shared with BFF Conrad to live with her boyfriend, Pratt.
The feud continued when Montag refused to be photographed with Conrad for season three promotional photographs.
While The Hills is currently in its third season, Montag and former co-star/BFF Lauren Conrad had a falling out and each made headlines when their war of words began.
While many speculate that the surgery was to gain more of the spotlight from ex-friend Conrad, Montag makes no mention of their feud as a possible reason to go under the knife.
The Hills is a spin-off of MTV's Laguna Beach, following the lives of Lauren Conrad and her friends after they leave home and begin their post-high school lives.
Conrad works at an internship for Teen Vogue while attending the Fashion Institute of Design and Merchandising.
The Hills upped the drama with the fallout that occurred between former BFFs Conrad and Heidi Montag.
Montag's relationship with boyfriend (now fiancé) Spencer Pratt caused a rift between Conrad and Montag, who were once roommates.
Since appearing on Laguna Beach and The Hills, Lauren Conrad has become a regular player in celebrity gossip circles.
From an alleged sex tape to her feud with Montag, Conrad keeps her name in the press and online.
She also has her own fashion line, the Lauren Conrad Collection, and is a spokesperson for "mark" cosmetics, an Avon line created for young women.
Conrad recently addressed this on her MySpace page, noting, "The show is not fake and this is really my life."
Conrad's roommate on the show, Audrina Patridge says that, "They might do things to tweak it a little bit, but our reactions-it's totally real.
Jackson's doctor, Conrad Murray, was charged with involuntary manslaughter.
Lauren Conrad, star of the MTV series The Hills, has become a popular fixture on the reality star circuit.
Despite the rumors about the status of her job at Teen Vogue, Conrad is denying that she was fired.
Lauren Conrad started working as an intern for Teen Vogue during the first season of The Hills in 2005 - it showcased her life as a young working woman at a popular teen publication.
At the end of the first season of The Hills, Conrad was offered an opportunity to go to France for Teen Vogue, but turned down the offer because of her relationship with Jason Wahler.
On the season finale of The Hills second year, Lauren Conrad was given a second chance to go to France with co-worker Whitney Port.
Conrad and Port were reportedly let go from Teen Vogue, and the magazine was said to have not wanted to continue working with MTV because of the girls behavior.
Lauren Conrad is setting the record straight, however.
Despite Heidi Montag's feud with The Hills co-star Lauren Conrad, the MTV reality series goes on.
Former friend Lauren Conrad debuted the spring collection of her clothing line during Los Angeles Fashion Week, receiving a standing ovation from the crowd at the conclusion of her show.
For Conrad, designing clothes seems like a natural progression in her career.
Lauren Conrad, Whitney Port and Lauren Bosworth (known as "Lo") were promoting the show on Ryan Seacrest's talk show on KIIS FM when Seacrest busted out one of the topless photos of Audrina.
Lauren Conrad has repeatedly disputed this rumor, but here's a little tidbit that goes to the contrary of Miss Conrad's flat out denials of the show being at least partially scripted.
Audrina Patridge has set things straight regarding some of the things she reportedly said about former best friend and roommate, Lauren Conrad.
A Michael Jackson manslaughter investigation has begun against the King of Pop's former doctor, Dr. Conrad Murray.
Dr. Conrad Murray, the doctor treating Jackson at the time of his death, reportedly stopped over at a mysterious storage locker of his no less than six times on the day Jackson died.
He has dated Lauren Conrad, Nicole Richie, and Kristin Cavallari.
Gone are Lauren Conrad and Whitney Port, and now, most recently, Audrina Patridge is also planning her departure from the reality show.
It was on-again off-again with the Los Angeles district attorney's office on the exact charges to bring against former physician to Michael Jackson, Dr. Conrad Murray.
His doctor, Conrad Murray, says that Jackson was at home when the doctor discovered him unresponsive and not breathing.
Although there is a wealth of guerilla marketing material available, Jay Conrad Levinson is considered the father of this style of doing business marketing.
The Hills TV show is a spin-off of Laguna Beach and follows Lauren Conrad and her entourage of friends as they make their lives in Los Angeles after leaving Laguna Beach.
The show follows Laguna Beach alum Lauren Conrad's journey through the fashion design world as she received her education, interned for Teen Vogue, and now has her own designing endeavors.
Lauren Conrad of MTV's Laguna Beach and The Hills is now a spokesperson for Mark Cosmetics and has her own fashion line.
Lauren Conrad from The Hills joins the show for this episode.
After appearing on the MTV hit series The Hills alongside Lauren Conrad and Audrina Patridge for a few seasons, Whitney Port decided it was time to move on.
The City has been met with a good reception from the public largely in part because Whitney is so likable and people were getting a little tired of Lauren Conrad.
The Lauren Conrad clothing line is actually two separate lines, one that's high end fashion, and another collection that was designed exclusively for Kohl's department stores.
Conrad has always had a sense for fashion, and her clothing has become popular with the younger set and her fans from her reality TV shows.
Lauren Katherine Conrad was born on February 1, 1986 in Laguna Beach, California.
The show still focused on Conrad, who was living with Heidi Montag and interning at Teen Vogue magazine.
After five seasons, Conrad decided to leave the show and pursue other career options, including the Lauren Conrad clothing line.
In March 2008, Conrad launched her first line of clothing, The Lauren Conrad Collection.
Meanwhile, in 2009, Conrad announced plans to design a collection for Kohl's department stores.
The LC Lauren Conrad collection is inspired by casual California styles, and is featured in over 300 Kohl's stores as well as online.
Addressing questions about her original line, Conrad has stated that when The Lauren Conrad Collection returns she plans to make it compliment the existing Kohl's line so that people can mix and match the items.
In addition to designing clothing, Lauren Conrad has undertaken several other projects.
The first, L.A. Candy, was touted as a novel, but Conrad has since admitted that it is semi-autobiographical in nature.
In 2009, Conrad provided voice work for an animated character of herself on The Family Guy.
To keep up with Lauren Conrad's clothing designs and other projects, visit her official website at LaurenConrad.com, or her page at MySpace.
He caused a lot of attention between his girlfriend on the show Heidi Montag and her friend Laura Conrad.
For fans of The Hills, Lauren Conrad bio information is central to the program.
The Hills, a reality TV show on MTV, started off focusing on Conrad as the central cast member.
Lauren Katherine Conrad was born on February 1, 1986, in Laguna Beach, California.
Conrad's final episode of Laguna Beach featured her driving away to start her new life, and moving in with her new co-star Heidi Montag, who she had met at the Academy of Art University.
Three years later, in May 2009, Lauren Conrad left The Hills.
Conrad won the Teen Choice award for Choice Female Reality TV Star for every year she was on The Hills, from 2006 to 2009.
Since leaving The Hills, Lauren Conrad bio information becomes more varied.
The Lauren Conrad clothing lines have become quite successful.
The line is called LC Lauren Conrad, and is intended to appeal to teens and young adults who are unable to afford high-end fashion clothing.
Conrad's other line, The Lauren Conrad Collection, is made up of more expensive pieces to appeal to Conrad's affluent peers.