A, Cone and foliage.
end of the Campanian Plain, the highest cone, called Montagna di Santa Croce, is 3291 ft.
In Succinea the cone of the spire is acute-angled; three species are British.
B, Ripe cone scale with seeds, enlarged.
Every twenty-four hours or so the flow of juice may be conveniently stopped, and, after all the impurities have subsided, the superincumbent clear liquor may be decanted by a cock placed at the side of the cone for the purpose, and the vessel may be washed out.
The construction of the wooden external dome, and the support of the stone lantern by an inner cone of brickwork, quite independent of either the external or internal dome, are wonderful examples of his, constructive ingenuity.
The mountain before them was shaped like a cone and was so tall that its point was lost in the clouds.
The Hauraki Gulf, a great square inlet opening northward, is studded with islands of considerable elevation; Rangitoto, which protects the harbour, is a volcanic cone reaching nearly l000 ft.
A, branch bearing male cones, reduced; B, single male cone, enlarged; C, single stamen, enlarged.
from White Island, an active volcanic cone in the Bay of Plenty to the mountains of Tongariro, Ngaruhoe and Ruapehu in the interior of the island, S.W.
Maitea, which rises from the sea as an exceedingly abrupt cone, and Tapamanu, appear to be the only islands without almost completely encircling barrier-reefs.
Above the shaft comes the arcaded bell-chamber, frequently built of Istrian stone; and above that again the attic, either round or square or octagonal, carrying either a cone or a pyramid or a cupola, sometimes surmounted by a cross or a gilded angel which serves as a weathercock.
The sides of the triangle slope down abruptly towards the west, more gradually towards the east; at the base stands the cone of Ayala Hill, the last outpost of the Rudnik Mountains, which extend far away to the south; and, at the apex, a cliff of Tertiary chalk, 200 ft.
This place may either be a point, as in a volcanic cone, or a line, as in a mountain range or ridge of hills.
A military organization may be quite correctly compared to a cone, of which the base with the largest diameter consists of the rank and file; the next higher and smaller section of the cone consists of the next higher grades of the army, and so on to the apex, the point of which will represent the commander-in-chief.
The soldiers, of whom there are the most, form the lower section of the cone and its base.
C, Cone, seed and foliage.
D, Cone, seed and foliage.
Cypress (Cupressus sempervirens A, Cone and branchlets.
The geographer Strabo, however, detected the probable volcanic origin of the cone and drew attention to its cindery and evidently fire-eaten rocks.
Farther north the Misti volcano rises over the city of Arequipa in a perfect cone to a height of over 20,013 ft., and near its base are the hot sulphur and iron springs of Yura.
By a colossal eruption, of which no historical record remains, the upper half of the cone was blown away.
The modern cone of the mountain has been built up by suc~ssive discharges of lava and fragmentary materials round a Int of eruption, which lies a little south of the centre of the Tehistoric crater.
The southern segment of the ancient cone, iswering to the semicircular wall of Somma on the north side, is been almost concealed, but is still traceable among the younger ~cumulations.
In Helix the spire forms a more or less obtuse-angled cone; there are above 1200 species, of which 24 are British.
Outside the cone of 54° there will be faint illumination; within it, no secondary rays will be transmitted to the eye.
The mouth of the bottle is ground by a revolving iron cone, or mandrel, fed with sand and water and driven by steam.
As the molten metal is run in, the upward thrust on the outside mould, when the level has reached PP', is the weight of metal in the volume generated by the revolution of APQ; and this, by a theorem of Archimedes, has the same volume as the cone ORR', or rya, where y is the depth of metal, the horizontal sections being equal so long as y is less than the radius of the outside FIG.
In the steady motion under no force of such a body in medium, the centre of gravity describes a helix, while the axis escribes a cone round the direction of motion of the centre of ravity, and the couple causing precession is due to the dislacement of the medium.
preserves its original direction, if a principal axis of the body; otherwise the axis describes a cone, right circular if the body has uniaxial symmetry, and a Poinsot cone in the general case.
(2) A right cylinder having for its base an Archimedean spiral is intersected by a right circular cone which has the generating line of the cylinder passing through the initial point of the spiral for its axis.
The continuation of the same wall round its southern half has been in great measure obliterated by the operations of the modern vent, which has built a younger cone upon it, and is gradually filling up the hollow of the prehistoric crater.
It was around this truncated cone that the early Greek settlers founded their little colonies.
C, Seed-bearing cone and a single scale with seed.
i csos, equal; f aOin, deep) 1 -- Section of a Cone on his map of Sweden and Norway (1:600,000; 1835), coloured the lowlands up to 300 ft.
Thus, rays suffering one internal reflection will all lie within a cone of about 42°; in this direction the illumination will be most intense; within the cone the illumination will be fainter, while, without it, no light will be transmitted to the eye.
The foot at first was formed by coiling a thread of glass round the base of the waist; but, subsequently, an open glass cone was joined to the base of the waist, and a glass thread was coiled upon the surface of the cone.
The scums then settle down to the bottom of the cone, whence they are run off to the scum tank.
Cheroots differ from ordinary cigars only in shape, being either in the form of a truncated cone, or of uniform thickness throughout, but always having both ends open and sharply cut across.
On the northern side a lofty semicircular cliff, reaching a height of 3714 ft., half encircles the present active cone, and descends in long slopes towards the plains below.
Spruce Fir (Picea excelsa B, Cone and foliage.
The pan proper is surmounted by a great cone or hopper called a curb, to provide for the foaming up of the boiling mass and to prevent loss from overflowing.
The single cone of light flickered on the dripping stone, casting yellow dancing goblins in its shadowy glow as the pair stumbled forward.
20, E iv.), contains a drawing representing two players aiming at a small cone instead of an earthenware ball or jack.
The tanks are nearly cylindrical in form and have a truncated cone fixed in the centre, as shown at C, fig.
by the disk, for any difference in speed between nut and screw will cause the nut to move along the screw until the diameter of the cone is reached which fulfils the above conditions for equality in speed.
19 the blast orifice B is set much lower, and the steam is discharged through a frustum of a cone set in the upper part of the smoke-box into the short chimney.
BAYAZID, or Bajazet, a border fortress of Asiatic Turkey, chief town of a sanjak of the Erzerum vilayet, situated close to the frontiers of Russia and Persia, and looking across a marshy plain to the great cone of Ararat, at a general altitude of 6000 ft.
The snow was drenched with blood, like an Immortal snow cone.
In the case of the original Repsold plan without clockwork the description is not quite exact, because both the process of following the object and correcting the aim are simultaneously performed; whilst, if the clockwork runs uniformly and the friction-disk is set to the proper distance from the apex of the cone, the star will appear almost perfectly at rest, and the observer has only to apply delicate corrections by differential gear - a condition which is exactly analogous to that of training a modern gun-sight upon a fixed object.
This cone is driven by gearing from the wire drum, so that it rotates at the speed of the outgoing wire, the direction of rotation being such as to cause the nut to travel towards the smaller end of the cone.
The species C. torulosa of North India, so called from its twisted bark, attains an altitude of 150 ft.; its branches are erect or ascending, and grow so as to form a perfect cone.
movement flexure is also produced by the coiling of the visceral sac and shell; primitively the latter was bowl-shaped; but the ventral flexure, which brings together the two extremities of the digestive tube, gives the visceral sac the outline of a more or less acute cone.
The archipelago is of volcanic formation, Tamara and Factory islands forming part of a ruined crater, with Crawford Island as the cone.
The iron adapters are now slipped on, and left on for two hours, when, as a matter of experience, a considerable amount of zinc has gone out of the retort, the greater part into the fire-clay adapter, the rest into the iron cone.
pinnacle on the western side, contains a low new cone with numerous steaming rifts and vents.
A volcano-promontory at the Pacific end of the Tsugaru Strait: a finely formed cone surrounded on three sides by the sea, the crater breached on the land side.
The whole of the upper part of the cone consists of grey highly acidic lava.
Two of the five compartments into which it is divided by walls of deeply striated volcanic ash are constantly emitting steam, while a new vent displaying great activity has been opened at the base of the cone on the south side.
the only active cone, forms, the terminal (S.E.) peak.
The diameter ox the outer crater, within which rises the modern cone to a height of 500 ft.
The present cone is the third, portions of two concentric crater rings remaining.
- If particles of matter attract one another according to the law of the inverse square the attraction of all sections of a cone for a particle at the vertex is the same.
The solid angles subtended by all normal sections of a cone at the vertex are therefore equal, and since the attractions of these sections on a particle at the vertex are proportional to their distances from the vertex, they are numerically equal to one another and to the solid angle of the cone.
Each cone cuts out an area on the surface equally inclined to the cone axis.
The electric density on the sphere being uniform, the quantities of electricity on these areas are proportional to the areas, and if the electric force varies inversely as the square of the distance, the forces exerted by these two surface charges at the point in question are proportional to the solid angle of the little cone.
p. 299-this paper describes the cone condenser and methods used; " Further Observations on the Dielectric Constants of Frozen Electrolytes at and above the Temperature of Liquid Air," id.
3), and describe through it as centre a cone of small solid angle dw cutting out of the enclosing surface in two small areas dS and dS' at distances x and x'.
The normal section of the cone at that point is equal to dS cosO, and the solid angle dw is equal to dS cos0/x 2.
Immediately to the south rises the fine cone of North Berwick Law (612 ft.), which was utilized as a signal point at the period of the Napoleonic scare.
(Cone) are full and scholarly.
Pilgrims visiting Paphos, the original home and temple of Astarte, could of course be in no doubt about which of the heavenly powers inhabited the cone of stone in which she was there held to be immanent; nor was any Semite ever ignorant as to which Baal he stood before.
But small portrait statues must surely have been made to be carried about or used in private worship. Meanwhile the shapeless cone remained the object of public adoration and pilgrimage.
Michael Scot (1175-1234), acting as a confederate of the Evil One (so the fable runs) cleft Eildon Hill, then a single cone, into the three existing peaks.
Other noteworthy tombs are those of the Granduca, with a single subterranean chamber carefully constructed in travertine, and containing eight sarcophagi of the same material; of Vigna Grande, very similar to this; of Cone Casuccini (the ancient stone door of which is still in working order), with two chambers, containing paintings representing funeral rites; of Poggio Moro and Valdacqua, in the former of which the paintings are almost destroyed, while the latter is now inaccessible.
414) proposed a form of micrometer consisting of a divided plate of parallel glass placed within the cone of rays from the object-glass at right angles to the telescope axis.
" the introduction of a diaphragm having two circular apertures touching each other in a point coinciding with the line of collimation of the telescope, and the diameter of each aperture exactly equal to the semidiameter of the cone of rays at the distance of the diaphragm from the focal point of the object-glass."
The town slopes to the ocean, with a background of forest surmounted by the snow-clad volcanic cone of Mount Egmont (8270 ft.).
Coal is never definitely crystalline, the nearest approach to such a structure being a compound fibrous grouping resembling that of gypsum or arragonite, which occurs in some of the steam coals of South Wales, and is locally known as " cone in cone," but no definite form or arrangement can be made out of the fibres.
Change of form of the odontoid process of the second or axis vertebrae from a cone to a hollow half-cylinder.
A circular piece of this paper is folded twice upon itself so as to form a quadrant, one of the folds is pulled out, and the cone thus obtained is supported in a glass or porcelain funnel having an apical angle of 60°.
The liquid to be filtered is poured into the cone, preferably down a glass rod upon the sides of the funnel to prevent splashing and to preserve the apex of the filter-paper, and passes through the paper, upon which the solid matter is retained.
Bunsen may be regarded as the originator of the second method, and it was he who devised the small cone of platinum foil, sometimes replaced by a cone of parchment perforated with pinholes, arranged at the apex of the funnel to serve as a support for the paper, which is apt to burst under the pressure differences.
A perforated cone, similarly coated with asbestos and fitted into a conical funnel, is sometimes employed.
That the area of a parallelogram is equal to the area of a rectangle on the same base and between the same parallels, or that the volume of a cone is one-third that of a cylinder on the same base and of the same height, may be established by a proof which is admitted to be rigorous, or be accepted in good faith without proof, and yet fail to be a matter of conviction, even though there may be a clear conception of the relative lengths of the diagonal and the side of a square or of the relative contents of two vessels of different shapes.
(ii) Developable surfaces, such as the cylinder and the cone, form a special class, so far as the calculation of their area is concerned.
By considering the circle as the limit of a polygon, it follows that the formulae (iii) and (v) of § 26 hold for a right circular cylinder and a right circular cone; i.e.
volume of right circular cylinder =length X area of base; volume of right circular cone = height X a area of base.
These formulae also hold for any right cylinder and any cone.
The curved surfaces of the cylinder and of the cone are developable surfaces; i.e.
Similarly a surface of revolution can be divided by planes at right angles to the axis into elements, each of which is approximately a section of the surface of a right circular cone.
This formula applies to such figures as the cone, the sphere, the ellipsoid and the prismoid.
The volume of a frustum of a cone, for instance, can be expressed in terms of certain magnitudes by a certain formula; but not only will there be some error in the measurement of these magnitudes, but there is not any material figure which is an exact cone.
and stretches from Mount Ruapehu to White Island, an ever-active volcanic cone in the Bay of Plenty.
cone having a thin india-rubber membrane stretched over its narrow end.
viii.) further adapted the siren for more extensive use, by the addition to Dove's instrument Helmholtz's of another chest cone), i Double taming its own fixed Siren.
The solid enclosed by a small circle and the radii vectores from the centre of the sphere is a "spherical sector"; and the solid contained between two spherical sectors standing on copolar small circles is a "spherical cone."
In the Black Mountains, Mitchell (the culminating point of the whole system) attains an altitude of 6711 ft., Balsam Cone, 6645, Black Brothers, 6690, and 6620, and Hallback,6403.
above the plain, with a lofty cone 140 ft.
This is the remains of the raised platform of unbaked brick, faced with baked bricks and stone, on which stood the principal palaces and temples of the city, the cone at the N.W.
rises the majestic cone of Sahand (12,000 ft.).
The form is that of a truncated cone, placed on a cylindrical base, 196 ft.
This range extends south-eastward along the western frontier of Vera Cruz (state) and includes the snow-capped cone of Orizaba or Citlaltepetl, (18,209 ft.), and the Cofre de Perote, or Nanchampapetl (13,419 ft.).
Rising from the open plateau half way between this range and the city of Mexico is the isolated cone of Malinche, or Malintzin (14,636 ft.).
Colima was in a state of eruption as late as 1909, Jorullo (4262 ft.) is said to date from 1759, when its cone was formed, and Ceboruco (7100 ft.) in the territory of Tepic, shows occasional signs of activity.
at the much Sequoia sempervirens - a, Branch with green cones and male catkins; b, Section or cone; c, Scale of cone.
A group of large volcanoes occurs on the limestone platform s6uth of the Grand Canyon, culminating in Mt San Francisco (12,794 ft.), a moderately dissected cone, and associated with many more recent smaller cones and freshlooking lava flows.
The generality of treatment is indeed remarkable; he gives as the fundamental property of all the conics the equivalent of the Cartesian equation referred to oblique axes (consisting of a diameter and the tangent at its extremity) obtained by cutting an oblique circular cone in any manner, and the axes appear only as a particular case after he has shown that the property of the conic can be expressed in the same form with reference to any new diameter and the tangent at its extremity.
Chachanobori (about 7382 ft.) is described by Messrs Chamberlain and Mason as "a cone within a cone, the inner and higher of the two being - so the natives say - surrounded by a lake."
In the centre of each weight is a hole capable of admitting the lowest and thickest end of the conical stem C, and a slot is cut into it just wide enough to allow the upper part of the cone to pass.
A conical jet is thus produced, consisting of an inner cone, with an outer one commencing near its apex - the former, corresponding to.
The heat is greatest just beyond the point of the inner cone, combustion being there most complete.
Oxidation is better effected (if a very high temperature be not required) the farther the substance is from the apex of the inner cone, for the air has thus freer access.
The flame then appears as a long, narrow, luminous cone, the end being enveloped by a dimly visible portion of flame corresponding to that which surrounds the free flame, while there is also a dark nucleus about the wick.
In form it is almost round, and from the sea has the appearance of a perfect cone, rising gradually to the height of 3200 ft.
FRUSTUM (Latin for a "piece broken off"), a term in geometry for the part of a solid figure, such as a cone or pyramid, cut off by a plane parallel to the base, or lying between two parallel planes; and hence in architecture a name given to the drum of a column.
of Mauna Loa, and blending with it in an intervening plateau, is Mauna Kea (" White Mountain," so named from the snow on its summit), with a much smaller base but with steeper slopes and a crowning cinder cone 13,823 ft.
in height, built in the form of a cone, with a small cupola, on the top of which is a gilt ball and spire, and contains the shrine of Badrinath, dedicated to an incarnation of Vishnu.
silk threads to a central disk of aluminium, in the centre of which is a round hole designed to receive an aluminium cap with a highly polished sapphire centre worked to the form of an open cone.
But the general record of recent times has been Cone of industrial development and prosperity hardly inferior to that of any other part of Germany.
The Beehive (so called from the shape of its cone), the Grand and the Lone Star throw up columns to a height of Zoo ft.
Some of these are built in the form of a blunt cone, and are known as conical tubular boilers.
The Carboniferous forerunners of the tiny club-moss were then great trees with dichotomously branching stems and crowded linear leaves, such as Lepidodendron (with its fruit cone called Lepidostrobus), Halonia, Lepidophloios and Sigillaria, the largest plants of the period, with trunks sometimes 5 ft.
To the west is the grand background of the canyon-riven Rampart range, with Pike's Peak dominating a half-dozen other peaks (among them Cameron Cone, Mt.
The limits set to the furnace builder's natural desire to make his furnace as large as possible, and its present shape (an obtuse inverted cone set below an acute upright one, both of them truncated), have been reached in part empirically, and in part by reasoning which is open to question, as indeed are the reasons which will now be offered reservedly for both size and shape.
by making the " bosh " or lower part of his furnace an inverted cone as obtuse as is consistent with the free descent of the solid charge.
7, so that the furnace above this is a very acute upright cone, the walls of which make an angle of about 4° with the vertical, instead of an obtuse inverted cone.
The reason why at this level the walls must form an upright instead of an inverted cone, why the furnace must widen downward instead of narrowing, is, according to some metallurgists, that this shape is needed in order that, in spite of the pastiness of the slag in this formative period of incipient fusion, this layer may descend freely as the lower part of the column is gradually eaten away.
The oxygen of the blast having been thus taken up by the molten metal, its nitrogen issues from the mouth of the converter as a pale spark-bearing cone.
The shape is that of a truncated cone, interrupted on the west by the Valle del Bove, a huge sterile abyss, 3 m.
- Cone of Picea alba a rosette, as in Sempervivum.
The leaves are of their arrangement on the numbered in their order, from below axis of the cone.
It is the second highest summit in Mexico, its shapely, snow-covered cone rising to a height of 17,876 ft., or 438 ft.
It has a stratified cone showing a long period of activity.
On the snow-covered cone the heat of the sun is intense, though the thermometer recorded a temperature of 34° in September.
In the Theorie nouvelle de la rotation des corps (1834) he treats the motion of a 'rigid body geometrically, and shows that the most general motion of such a body can be represented at any instant by a rotation about an axis combined with a translation parallel to this axis, and that any motion of a body of which one point is fixed may be produced by the rolling of a cone fixed in the body on a cone fixed in space.
In many instances the beginning of the formation of a cone may be detected on ridges which have been deeply trenched by valleys.
Layer after layer has been stripped from their sides, and the flat or rounded top has been narrowed until it has now become the apex of a cone.
The mountain Schiehallion (3547 ft.) is an instance of a cone not yet freed from its parent ridge.
The most impressive form of solitary cone is that wherein after vast denudation a thick overlying formation has been reduced to a single outlier, such as Morven in Caithness, the two Bens Griam in Sutherland, and still more strikingly, the pyramids of red sandstone on the western margin of the shires of Sutherland and Ross and Cromarty.
Sincholagua and Ruminagui are the next two peaks, going southward, and then the unrivalled cone of Cotopaxi - the highest active volcano in the world - from whose summit smoke curls upward unceasingly.
The next in line is El Altar, which the natives call Capac-Urcu (" king mountain "), whose broken cone and impressive outlines make it one of the most attractive mountains of Ecuador.
There is a tradition that this mountain was once higher than Chimborazo, but a series of eruptions caused the cone to fall in and reduced its summit to its present altitude and broken appearance.
The magnificence of its mass is imposing from almost any point of view, but it can be most fully appreciated from its western or Pacific side, where its base is covered with forest up to the snow-line, above which its pure white cone rises another 5000 ft.
An unobstructed view of the great mountain is rarely obtained, however, because of the mists and clouds which cover its cone.
Immediately north of Chimborazo, and separated from it by only a narrow valley, are the lower triple summits of Carahuairazo, or Carguairazo (which the natives call Chimborazo-embra, " Chimborazo's wife "), whose hollow cone collapsed in 1698 during a great earthquake, and left the jagged rim which adds so much to its present picturesque appearance.
The exterior of the cone has an angle of 30°.
He found that the real cone of eruption was an irregular heap 250 ft.
It may be defined as a section of a right circular cone by a plane parallel to a tangent plane to the cone, or as the locus of a point which moves .so that its distances from a fixed point and a fixed line are equal.
It is built of mud, a somewhat conical structure rising above the water according to the depth, of which the cone is from a few inches to 2 ft.
They include the rugged bare mass of Gerizim (2849 ft.), the smoother cactus-clad cone of Ebal (3077), and farther south Tell `Asur (3318) at which point begins the Judaean range.
Next to the cathedral in artistic importance come the church of Santa Maria in Istrada, and the broletto or old palace of the commune, usually styled the Arengario; the former (founded in 1357) has a rich terra-cotta facade of 1 393, and the latter is raised on a system of pointed arches, and has a tall square tower terminating in machicolations surrounding a sharp central cone.
5); or the Kathiawada, a conical turban with a gold stripe in the middle of the cone.
This framework is provided with guides on which the platform, whilst preserving its horizontality, is V the observer has to follow the eye-end in a comparatively small circle; another good point is the flattening of the cast-iron centrepiece of the tube so that the flange of the declination axis is attached as near to the axis of the telescope tube as is consistent with free passage of the cone of rays from the object-glass.
One pivot of the polar axis is attached to the lower end of this box, and a strong hollow metal cone, terminating in the other pivot, forms the upper part of the polar axis.
A large slot has to be cut in the cone which forms the upper part of the polar axis, in order to allow the telescope to be pointed nearer to the pole than would otherwise be possible; even so stars within 15° of the pole cannot be observed.
A is a sleeve that revolves very freely and without shake on a vertical steel cone.
This cone is mounted on a circular base b which rests on three levelling screws, two of which are visible in the figure.
Mt Mayon (7916 ft.), near the south-eastern extremity, is an active volcano with an almost perfect cone.
It appears probable that the solutions contain a quinonoid modification (ssee Gomberg and Cone, Ann., 1909, 37 0, p. 142).
The higher, Great Ararat, is "a huge broad-shouldered mass, more of a dome than a cone"; the lower, Little Ararat, 12,840 ft.
on which the territories of the tsar, the sultan, and the shah meet, is "an elegant cone or pyramid, rising with steep, smooth, regular sides into a comparatively sharp peak" (Bryce).
From the Armenian plateau, Ararat rises in a graceful isolated cone far into the region of perennial snow.
Mr Freshfield thus described the mountain: - "It stands perfectly isolated from all the other ranges, with the still more perfect cone of Little Ararat (a typical volcano) at its side.
These lines form a cone.
In this case the cone, above mentioned, is usually a right cone with its axis vertical.
the snowy volcanic cone of Mt Shasta, rising 10,000 ft.
wide, and its finely-marked basaltic cone rises to a height of 1030 ft.
This axis traces out a certain cone in the body, and a certain cone in space, and the continuous motion in question may be represented as consisting in a rolling of the former cone on the latter.
Again, the mass-centre of a uniform solid right circular cone divides the axis in the ratio 3: I; that of a uniform solid hemisphere divides the axial radius in the ratio 3: 5.
axis of the fixed and OC that of the rolling cone, and J is the point of contact of the polhode and herpolhode, which are of course both circles.
If a be the semi-angle of the rolling cone, ~ the constant inclination of OC to OZ, and ~ the angular velocity with which the plane ZOC revolves about OZ, then, considering the velocity of a point in OC at unit distance from 0, we have wsina=d~~sinfi, (3)
At a point on the poihode cone x:y:z=p:q:r, and the equation of this cone is therefore / l\ I F\ / F\
(4) Since 2ATT1=B (AB)q1+C(AC)r, it appears that if A> B> C the coefficient of x2 in (4) is positive, that of Ii is negative, whilst that of y2 is positive or negative according as 2BT ~ P. Hence the polhode cone surrounds the axis of greatest or least moment according as 2BT ~ F.
The invariable line OH describes another cone in the body, called the invariable cone.
The possible forms of the invariable cone are indicated in fig.
It appears / that if the body be sightly dis turbed from a state of rotation about the principal axis of / greatest or least moment, the invariable cone will closely sur round this axis, which will therefore never deviate far - from the invariable line.
Hence if the earths axis of rotation deviates slightly from the axis of figure, it should describe a cone about the latter in 320 sidereal days.
The result is that the axis of the top describes a circular cone about a fixed line making a small angle with the vertical.
determines whether the poihode cone surrounds the principal axis of least or greatest moment.
93) be a fixed cone, OA its axis, Obb a cone rolling on it, OB
the axis of the rolling cone, OT the line of contact of the two cones at the instant under consideration.
By reasoning similar to that of 30, it appears that OT is the instantaneous axis of rotation 01 the rolling cone.
Let -y denote the total angular velocity of the rotation of the cone B about the instantaneous axis, $ its angular velocity about the axis OB relatively to the plane AOB, and a the angular velocity with which the plane AOB turns round the axis OA.
Now, as the line of contact OT is for the instant at rest on the rolling cone as well as on the fixed cone, the linear velocity of the point E fixed to the plane AOB relatively to the rolling cone is the same with its velocity relatively to the fixed cone.
The path of a point P in or attached to the rolling cone is a spherical epitrochoid traced on the surface of a sphere of the radius OP. From P draw PQ perpendicular to the instantaneous axis.
Teeth of Skew-Bevel Wheels.The crests of the teeth of a skew-bevel wheel are parallel to the generating straight line of the hyperboloidal pitch-surface; and the transverse sections of the teeth at a given pitch-circle are similar to those of the teeth of a bevelwheel whose pitch surface is a cone touching the hyperboloidal surface at the given circle.
The friction of a conical pivot exceeds that of a flat pivot of the same radius, and under the same pressure, in the proportion of the side of the cone to the radius of its base.
This pulley has fixed to one side, and concentric with it, a short frustum of a hollow cone.
At a small distance from the pulley the shaft carries a short frustum of a solid cone accurately turned to fit the hollow cone.
This frustum is made always to turn along with the shaft by being fitted on a square portion of it, or by means of a rib and groove, or otherwise, but is capable of a slight longitudinal motion, so as to be pressed into, or withdrawn from, the hollow cone by means of a lever.
The first water-jacketed cupola which came into general use was a circular inverted cone, with a slight taper, of 36 inches diameter at the tuyeres, and composed of an outer and an inner metal shell, between which water circulated.
recurved point, well marked in the green state and in some varieties in the mature cone, but in others scarcely projecting.
a, Fertile flower of mature cone; b, winged seed; c, fertile catkin.
(or cone); d, scale and bract; e, inner side of scale.
A, Cone, seed and needles.
B, Cone, seed and needles.
C, Cone, needle and seed.
D, Cone and seed.
A, Cone, needles and seed.
B, Cone and foliage.
C, Cone, foliage and seed.
They do not ripen until the fourth year, and are kept in the cone until required, as their abundant oil soon turns rancid.
of mountains north and north-east of Teheran, including the cone of Demavend.
Beginning near Ardebil in Azerbaijan, where the cone of Savelan rises to an elevation of 15,792 ft.
Near Moundsville, at the mouth of Grave Creek, is Grave Creek Mound, one of the largest relics of the "American moundbuilders"; it is in the form of a regular cone, and is about 320 ft.
It is one of the handsomest of conifers, forming an elongated cone of foliage, which in some gardens has already reached 70 or 80 ft.
The natural cleavage of the trachyte into joint planes had already scarped out shelves which it was comparatively easy for human labour to shape; and so, high up this cone of trachyte, the Greek town of Assus was built, tier above tier, the summit of the crag being crowned with a Doric temple of Athena.
In the centre is a hollow cone, through which passes the driving shaft, geared from below.
Early in the 7th century B.C. the cylinder seal gave place to the cone, the impression being henceforth obtained after the fashion followed to the present day.
that the mouth at the extremity of the hypo c, Visual cone; n, stome represents the persistent blastopore of nucleus; n.
The latter is still active; in 1906 a new cone rose between the two earlier islets, and in 1907 still another: these were nearly demolished by an explosive eruption on the 1st of September 1907.
2 Das Urchristenthum, 868, quoted by Cone, loc. cit.
The male flower of Cycas conforms to the type of structure characteristic of the cycads, and consists of a long cone of numerous sporophylls bearing many oval pollen-sacs on their lower faces.
I) on the branched or unbranched stem; (b) the growth of the main stem through the female flower; (c) the presence of a prominent single vein in the linear pinnae; (d) the structure of the female flower, which is peculiar in not having the form of a cone, but consists of numerous independent carpels, each of which bears two or more lateral ovules.
In Cycas revoluta and C. circinalis each leaf-like carpel may produce several laterally attached ovules, but in C. Normanbyana the carpel is shorter and the ovules are reduced to two; this latter type brings us nearer to the carpels of Dioon, in which the flower has the form of a cone, and the distal end of the carpels is longer and more leaf-like than in the other genera of the Zamieae, which are characterized by shorter carpels with thick peltate heads bearing two ovules on the morphologically lower surface.
A pine cone reaches maturity in two years; a single year suffices for the full development in Larix and several other genera.
The axis of the cone bears numerous spirally disposed flat scales (cone-scales), each of which, if examined in a young cone, is found to be double, and to consist of a lower and an upper portion.
As the cone grows in size and becomes woody the lower half of the cone-scale, which we may call the carpellary scale, may remain small, and is so far outgrown by the upper half (seminiferous scale) that it is hardly recognizable in the mature cone.
Abies pectinata, &c.) the ripe cone differs from those of Pinus, Picea and Cedrus in the large size of the carpellary scales, which project as conspicuous thin appendages beyond the distal margins of the broader and more woody seminiferous scales; the long carpellary scale is a prominent feature also in the cone of the Douglas pine (Pseudotsuga Douglasii).
The female flowers (cones) vary considerably in size; the largest are the more or less spherical cones of Araucaria - a single cone of A.
These projections and ridges may be homologous with the seminiferous scale of the pines, firs, cedars, &c. The simplest interpretation of the cone of the Abietineae is that which regards it as a flower consisting of an axis bearing several open carpels, which in the adult cone may be very small or large and prominent, the scale bearing the ovules being regarded as a placental outgrowth from the flat and open carpel.
Robert Brown was the first to give a clear description of the morphology of the Abietineous cone in which carpels bear naked ovules; he recognized gymnospermy as an important distinguishing feature in conifers as well as in cycads.
Another view is to regard the cone as an inflorescence, each carpellary scale being a bract bearing in its axil a shoot the axis of which has not been developed; the seminiferous scale is believed to represent either a single leaf or a fused pair of leaves belonging to the partially suppressed axillary shoot.
In a young cone the seminiferous scale appears as a hump of tissue at the base or in the axil of the carpellary scale, but Celakovsky, a strong supporter of the axillary-bud theory, attaches little or no importance to this kind of evidence, regarding the present manner of development as being merely an example of a short cut adopted in the course of evolution, and replacing the original production of a branch in the axil of each carpellary scale.
In Larix the axis of the cone often continues its growth; similarly in Cephalotaxus the cones are often proliferous.
An interesting case has been figured by Masters, in which scales of a cone of Cupressus Lawsoniana bear ovules on the upper surface and stamens on the lower face.
It may be that the interpretation of the female cone of the Abietineae as an inflorescence, which finds favour with many botanists, cannot be applied to the cones of Agathis and Araucaria.
Juniperus the products of division of the C 16 - Ab normal Cone of Pinus rigida.
During the growth of the cell which forms the megaspore the greater part of the nucellus is absorbed, except the apical portion, which persists as a cone above the megaspore; the partial disorganization of some of the cells in the centre of the nucellar cone forms an irregular cavity, which may be compared with the larger pollen-chamber of Ginkgo and the cycads.
Pinus and Picea) - in which the cone-scales persist for some time after the seeds are ripe - the cones hang down and so facilitate the fall of the seeds; in Cedrus, Araucaria and Abies the scales become detached and fall with the seeds, leaving the bare vertical axis of the cone on the tree.
Each cone consists of an axis, on which numerous broad and thin bracts are arranged in regular rows; in the axil of each bract occurs a single flower; a male flower is enclosed by two opposite pairs of leaves, forming a perianth surrounding a central sterile ovule encircled by a ring of stamens united below, but free distally as short filaments, each of which terminates in a trilocular anther.
His personal attributes are an ivy wreath, the thyrsus (a staff with pine cone at the end), the laurel, the pine, a drinking cup, and sometimes the horn of a bull on his forehead.
It is situated on the Baluk Su (Fish river), a tributary of the Kara Su (Black river), which flows northwards to the Aras, and in a fertile plain bounded on the west by Mount Savelan, a volcanic cone with an altitude of 1 5,79 2 ft.
He is said to have set his own songs to music. It seems doubtful whether the notes that have cone down to us can with justice be attributed to him, but there is no contesting the musical quality of his verse.
A noteworthy palm of the eastern Andean slopes is the "corneto" (Deckeria), whose tall, slender trunk starts from the apex of a number of aerial roots, rising like a cone 6 to 8 ft.
For small supplies such a well may be perfectly successful; but however small the quantity drawn, it must obviously have the effect of diminishing the volume of fresh water, which contributes to the maintenance of the level of saturation above the sea-level; and with further pumping the fresh water would be so far drawn upon that the mean level of saturation would sink, first to a curved figure - a cone of depression - such as that represented by the new level of saturation dd, and later to the figure represented by the lines ee, in which the level of saturation has everywhere been drawn below the mean sea-level.
The figure, in this case of uniform percolation, assumed by the water in the neighbourhood of a deep well is a surface of revolution, and, however irregular the percolation and the consequent shape of the figure, it is commonly, but somewhat incorrectly, called the " cone of depression.
The upper slide has the shape of a truncated cone, and it reduces the orifice of flow so as to render the flow of the sugar more manageable.
C, Transverse section through the oral cone of Antipathella minor.
A modified form of this arrangement of cone keys is shown in the figure, in which a screwed conical bush M, divided into several parts longitudinally, is clamped round the shaft, and screwed into the corresponding part of the nave until the grip is sufficient.
This self-guiding property may be explained by the tendency which a flat band has, when running upon a conical pulley in a direction normal to its axis, to describe a spiral path as it wraps on to the surface because of the lateral stiffness of the material; the advancing side therefore tends to rise towards the highest part of the cone.
Motion in either direction is thereby obtained, and a considerable variation in the speed of rotation can be obtained by providing a cone pulley on the countershaft, which drives the cone pulley secured to the lathe E FIG.
The proportions of cone pulleys for open or crossed belts may be determined by considering the expression for the half length (1) of a belt wrapping round pulleys of radius r 1 and r 2 respectively, and with centres distant c apart.
In determining the dimensions of corresponding drums of cone pulleys it is evident that for a crossed belt the sum of the radii of each pair remains a constant, since the angle a is constant, while for an open belt a is variable and the values of the radii are then obtained by solving the equations r 1 = l/ir - c(a sin a + cos a) + 2c sin a, r 2 = l/7r - c(a sin a +cos_a) - lc sin a.
Repeating this construction for all values of a between o° and 90°, we obtain a curve BPC, which can be used for determining the ratios of corresponding drums of cone pulleys or of conical drums for open belts.
In the brake shown, the cone I is pressed against a corresponding recess in the ratchetwheel J, which latter turns loosely in the casing and is provided with a pawl not shown in the figure; this pawl allows freedom of motion when the load is being raised.
This sicula, which had originally the shape of a hollow cone, is formed of two portions or regions - an upper and smaller (apical or embryonic) portion, marked by delicate longitudinal lines, and having a fine tabular thread (the nema) proceeding from its apex; and a lower (thecal or apertural) portion, marked by transverse lines of growth and widening in the direction of the mouth, the lip or apertural margin of which forms the broad end of the sicula.
Such a form as this, when once its covering-plates had atrophied, would be a cone rcrq plates interam bullr /rctl plates hydropore frame A B FIG.
==Egypt== In Egypt altars took the form of a truncated cone or of a cubical block of polished granite or of basalt, with one or more basin-like depressions in the upper surface for receiving fluid libations.
The female flower is a small bud-like cone situated at the apex of a small branch, and consists of two or three whorls of two or three scales.
The mature cone is fleshy, with the succulent scales fused together and forming the fruit-like structure known to the older botanists as the galbulus, or berry of the juniper.
(The straight line and the point are not for the moment regarded as curves.) Next to the circle we have the conic sections, the invention of them attributed to Plato (who lived 430-347 B.C.); the original definition of them as the sections of a cone was by the Greek geometers who studied them soon replaced by a proper definition in piano like that for the circle, viz.
Stated in regard to the cone, we have there the fundamental theorem that there are two different kinds of sheets; viz., the single sheet, not separated into two parts by the vertex (an instance is afforded by the plane considered as a cone of the first order generated by the motion of a line about a point), and the double or twin-pair sheet, separated into two parts by the vertex (as in the cone of the second order).
It may be mentioned that the single sheet is a sort of wavy form, having upon it three lines of inflection, and which is met by any plane through the vertex in one or in three lines; the twin-pair sheet has no lines of inflection, and resembles in its form a cone on an oval base.
In general a cone consists of one or more single or twin-pair sheets, and if we consider the section of the cone by a plane, the curve consists of one or more complete branches, or say circuits, each of them the section of one sheet of the cone; thus, a cone of the second order is one twin-pair sheet, and any section of it is one circuit composed, it may be, of two branches.
3, C); at the base of the cone an outgrowth of the axis like a rudimentary leaf sheath (the annulus) is present.
Some Calamites were heterosporous, sporangia with microspores and megaspores being found in the same cone.
The cone of Sphenophyllum consisted of an axis bearing at the nodes whorls of bracts, united below into a sheath.
Selaginella is heterosporous, the megasporangia being often found towards the base of the cone.
The black represents the cuticular product of the epidermal cells of the ocular area, taking the form either of))...,r,, f lens, cl, of crystalline body, cry, or of rhabdom, rhab; hy, hypodermis or epidermal cells; corn', laterallyplaced cells in the simpler stage, A, which like the nerve-end cells, vit' and ret', are corneagens or lens-producing; corn, specialized corneagen or lens-producing cells; vie, potential vitrella cells with cry', potential crystalline body now indistinguishable from retinula cells and rhabdomeres; vit, vitrella cell with cry, its contained cuticular product, the crystalline cone or body; ret', rhab', retinula cells and rhabdom of scorpion undifferentiated from adjacent cells, vit'; ret, retinula cell; rhab, rhabdom; nf, optic nerve-fibres.
in diameter, composed of an outer rim rising to a height of from 700 to 1000 ft., with a central cone the altitude of which is for 5 ft.
This cone rises from a depth of Boo fathoms below the sea.
in diameter, and has a volcanic cone (7640 ft.), usually capped with snow, in the centre.
The crater of the central cone contains a fresh-water lake about 150 yds.
On the cliffs to the west are three towers, cone having a curious iron figure known as the "metal man," erected as a warning to sailors.
To the same degree of accuracy as that employed in obtaining the expression for the intensity, the form of the lines of like polarization is given by the section, parallel to the plate, of a cone, whose generating lines are the directions of propagation of waves that have their planes of polarization parallel and perpendicular to a given plane: the cone is in general of the third degree and passes through the optic axes of the crystal.
c, Stiffening cone.
The heart has the form of a rather elongated and pointed cone.
The leg (1) has the form of a truncated cone, the broad end of which is attached to (After Balfour.) (After Balfour.) FIG.
CONIC SECTION, or briefly Conic, a curve in which a plane intersects a cone.
But in modern geometry, especially in the analytical and projective methods, the "principle of continuity" renders advisable the inclusion of the other forms of the section of a cone, viz.
the circle, and two lines (and also two points, the reciprocal of two lines) under the general title conic. The definition of conics as sections of a cone was employed by the Greek geometers as the fundamental principle of their researches in this subject; but the subsequent development of geometrical methods has brought to light many other means for defining these curves.
The invention of the conic sections is to be assigned to the school of geometers founded by Plato at Athens about the 4th century B.C. Under the guidance and inspiration of this philosopher much attention was given to the geometry of solids, and it is probable that while investigating the cone, Menaechrnus, an associate of Plato, pupil of Eudoxus, and brother of Dinostratus (the inventor of the quadratrix), discovered and investigated the various curves made by truncating a cone.
Prior to his time, a right cone of a definite vertical angle was required for the generation of any particular conic; Apollonius showed that the sections could all be produced from one and the same cone, which may be either right or oblique, by simply varying the inclination of the cutting plane.
To comprehend more exactly the discovery of Apollonius, imagine an oblique cone on a circular base, of which the line joining the vertex to the centre of the base is the axis.
The section made by a plane containing the axis and perpendicular to the base is a triangle contained by two generating lines of the cone and a diameter of the basal circle.
Apollonius considered sections of the cone made by planes at any inclination to the plane of the circular base and perpendicular to the triangle containing the axis.
When the cutting plane is inclined to the base of the cone at an angle less than that made by the sides of the cone, the latus rectum is greater than the intercept on the ordinate, and we obtain the ellipse; if the plane is inclined at an equal angle as the side, the latus rectum equals the intercept, and we obtain the parabola; if the inclination of the plane be greater than that of the side, we obtain the hyperbola.
Pappus in his commentary on Apollonius states that these names were given in virtue of the above relations; but according to Eutocius the curves were named the parabola, ellipse or hyperbola, according as the angle of the cone was equal to, less than, or greater than a right angle.
This work, the earliest published in Christian Europe, treats the conic sections in relation to the original cone, the procedure differing from that of the Greek geometers.
Since all conics derived from a circular cone appear circular when viewed from the apex, they conceived the treatment of the conic sections as projections of a circle.
John Wallis, in addition to translating the Conics of Apollonius, published in 1655 an original work entitled De sectionibus conicis nova methodo expositis, in which he treated the curves by the Cartesian method, and derived their properties from the definition in piano, completely ignoring the connexion between the conic sections and a cone.
Eagles, Constructive Geometry of Plane Curves (1886); geometric investigations primarily based on the relation of the conic sections to a cone are given in Hugo Hamilton's De Sectionibus Conicis (1758); this method of treatment has been largely replaced by considering the curves from their definition in piano, and then passing to their derivation from the cone and cylinder.
But, owing to the various partial reflections which the illuminating cone of rays undergoes when traversing the surfaces of the lenses, a portion of the light comes again into the preparation, and into the eye of the observer, thus veiling the image.
The large loss of light, which is caused in dark-field illumination by the cutting off of the direct cone of rays, must be compensated by employing exceptionally strong sources.
The same observation can be made with the cone of rays of a reflector, and in the same way the fine rain-drops upon a dark background and the fixed stars in the sky become visible.
those caused by the upper surface preponderate, an over-corrected cone of rays enters the objective.
If the real image produced by the objective coincides with the collective lens, only the inclination of the principal rays is altered, the form of the cone being affected only to a very small extent.
The correct direction can be given to the illuminating cone by the mirror m.
The chief cone of rays then enters obliquely into the objective, the angle between the direct cone of rays and the diffraction spectrum of the first order can then become as large again as with direct lighting, and still be taken up in the objective.
These diffracting details become especially distinct if the direct lighting cone of rays, the spectrum of zero:order or the chief maximum, is not allowed to enter the objective and instead only two or more diffraction maxima are taken up; the details then appear bright on a dark background.
It was a centre of native influences as contrasted with the Greek, which were predominant in Attalia, and it was a great seat of the worship of "Queen" Artemis, here represented as a human-headed cone and a purely Anatolian nature goddess.
Here, as in the previous genus, sterile and fertile verticils are ranged alternately on the axis of the cone.
Diagrammatic longitudinal section of cone, showing the axis (ax) bearing the bracts (br) with peltate sporangiophores (sp) springing from their axils; sm, sporangia.
Part of cone, showing the axis (ax) bearing peltate sporangiophores (sp) without bracts; sm, sporangia.
Diagrammatic longitudinal section of the cone, showing the axis (ax) bearing alternate whorls of bracts (br) and peltate sporangiophores (sp) with their sporangia (sm).
The cone is of large size-3.5 cm.
Williamson thoroughly worked out, in petrified specimens, the organization of a cone which he named Bowmanites Dawsoni; it was subsequently demonstrated by Zeiller that this fructification belonged to a Sphenophyllum, the cones of the well known species S.
Diagram of cone, the upper part in transverse, the lower in longitudinal section.
Diagram of cone in longitudinal section.
The great length and slender proportions of the segments give the cone a peculiar character, but the relations of position appear to leave no doubt as to the homologies with the fructification of Sphenophylleae; as regards the sporangiophores, Bowmanites Romeri occupies exactly the middle place between S.
The axis of the cone in Cheirostrobus contains a polyarch stele, with solid wood, from the angles of which vascular bundles pass out, dividing in the cortex, to supply the various segments of the sporophylls.
The organization of Lepidostrobus is essentially that of a Lycopodiaceous cone.
The spor cone, in longitudinal section.
in the cone attributed to the Lower Carboniferous Lepidodendron Veltheimianum) the arrangement was that usual in Selaginella, the microsporangia occurring above and the megasporangia below in the same strobilus (diagram, fig.
The seed-like body was detached as a whole from the cone, and in this condition was known for many years under the name of Cardiocarpon anomalum, having been wrongly identified with a true Gymnospermous seed so named a seed are obvious; the which is not tubular, but forms a long crevice, running in a direction radial to the strobilus.
In a male cone, probably belonging to wt Lepidocarpon Lomaxi, the microsporangia are provided with incomplete integuments.
Nathorst has recently described a new type of lycopodiaceous cone, Lycostrobus Scotti, from Rhaetic rocks of Scania, from which he obtained both megaspores and microspores.
It remains to be seen if the ovuliferous cone in the centre of the flower represents simply a functionless gynoecium, as in Welwitschia and abnormal cones of certain Coniferae, or if the flowers were hermaphrodite, with both male and female organs fully developed.
Araucarites Hudlestoni, described by Mr Carruthers from the Coralline Oolite rocks of Malton in Yorkshire; Araucarites sphaerocarpa from the Inferior Oolite of Somerset; also another cone found in the Northampton Sands, which is probably specifically identical with A.
acanthus scrolls ending in a pine cone.
airburst round, designed to create a cone of shell fragments directed down to catch prone and entrenched troops.
Our new machined aluminum Drive Cone comes with a Lifetime Warranty.
The corrugated cloth surround is coated with a damping material to make diaphragm movement more linear and discourage cone breakup.
The tests range from small scale charring tests (cone calorimeter) to large scale furnace tests.
This is caused by dirty hydraulic components or a fault in the sliding member (cone clutch ).
coco palm cone hanging basket (Growing Success £ 6.95 for a 12 " cone ).
concave mirror produces a very narrow cone of light.
Try couching down into embroidery for elements of texture. £ 1.90 per 100g cone [Convert Currency] Giant Gems *New* BARGAIN OFFER!
Southeast along the coast from Waikiki is the area's most famous landmark, the extinct volcanic cone of Diamond Head.
Birmingham central library is set to move from its inverted cone, for pastures new.
Hand wash, dry flat, do not iron £ 2.50 per 250g cone [Convert Currency] Festival Knops BARGAIN OFFER!
cone photoreceptor, likely to be blue sensitive, in the human retina.
cone biopsy under general or local anesthetic.
cone spectral sensitivities are defined as linear combinations of the Stiles and Burch (1959) 10-deg CMFs,, and.
cone search radius is 1 arc minute.
cone friction clutch system which conveyed its action to the existing striking gear.
Ever watched a child play for hours with a simple object like a pine cone or a cardboard box?
NOTE: The Center of Pressure position calculated is measured in meters from the nose cone tip.
Then all the ladies had been handed a cone of rose petal confetti on the way out.
A strongly convex cone is one which contains no lines through the origin.
diagonal rib swirled like an ice cream in a cone.
Purchase a ' Green Cone ' food digester for disposal of food waste.
Damian Burrin had been busy sorting out his RAF traffic cone (now somewhat legendary ), complete with 38mm MMT and video downlink.
dribble by dribbling forward toward a cone or mark that represents the defender.
Dean has a rare condition known as rod and cone dystrophy, which he's had since the age of nine.
extinct lava cone with a walkway to the summit.
The bullet is almost intact, only slightly flattened, with a little cone of lead missing from the rear end.
The cone fundamentals in this section represent estimates of those unknowns.
ice cream cone.
illuminate simple obstruct most of the light in the cone, leaving just the edge of light cone still illuminating the specimen.
Therefore it is possible to directly measure the specific acoustic impedance at the cone surface.
They come in their own protective suede bag, with Robs own hand blended cone incense.
This is an area of cone karst, the type of limestone topography that tends to contain deep caves.
loudspeaker cone moves, the air in front is compressed and then expanded, creating a sound wave.
ceiling loudspeakers (100mm cone diameter) were spaced every 4.5m.
Stuff a miniature marshmallow in the bottom of a sugar cone to prevent ice cream drips.
Cone headed galvanized screw nails secure the seating lathes.
If it looks like the liner might be a tight fit, then use a nose cone and attach the rope to that.
nose cone ejected but no parachute!
nose cone lost for a while, but found eventually.
Eventually the payload section, complete with broken nose cone and altimeter, was found, but the booster section is lost.
organometallic complexes and compares their cone angles.
Cone The more luminous part of a flame, which is adjacent to the nozzle orifice.
fold a warm pancake in half, then half again, to make a cone shape.
New sensors will include a cone penetrometer (CPT ), permeability probe and a resistivity probe.
This page contains an epi-fluorescence photomicrograph of a pine cone stained thin section taken.. .
These children may mainly have a problem with their cone photoreceptors.
resin impregnated and baked to produce the appropriate cone stiffness, strength and weight properties.
resolvents of elliptic cone operators.
These soft pointed handles have a diagonal rib swirled like an ice cream in a cone.
The ingedients include Spruce rosin, red and white pine rosin, Gomma Congo, Gomma and Pine Cone Extract.
seafood served in a cone of brown paper.
sensitivitysensitivities of human cone visual pigments determined in vivo and in vitro.
Rather than a hideously deformed creature hiding under the traffic cone, we saw an almost handsome skinhead.
The next day saw the instructors teach the children the art of cone driving, including slaloms, boxes and circles.
smiley ' faces on the nose cone and tail.
If you let your dhoop incense smolder, your cone will probably burn like this, for about 30 minutes.
Dektite retrofit roof flashing fitting instructions Trim the cone of the Dektite flashing to suit the flue pipe using sharp tin snips.
Landing (in 1997) is on a very small snow cone.
The functions listed below are the results of our collaborative research on human cone spectral sensitivities and luminance sensitivity.
Steam is supplied to the evaporator through a hollow spindle to the steam chamber inside each hollow cone.
talus cone at the bottom of the moonmilk lined pot was full of animal skulls, mainly goat.
truncated cone, the broad end springing from the muffle Figure 4a.
upside down cone shape as the vortex moved out across the lake.
A cone fitted at the chimney exit to increase efflux velocity should be permitted.
A dynamic viscometer is one where the shear rate can both controlled and measured (e.g a cone and plate viscometer ).
volcanic cone of Diamond Head.
weavet as 2ply or 3ply (approx 600m per cone) Ideal for weaving in the weft or couch down in embroidery.
Pine Cone's Report by Pam Shirk, North Carolina, USA Well, the fat wench did it again.
woofer cones - This patent pending technology deliver a cone with more surface area than competing models of the same size.
The 17cm KEVLAR composite cone woofer and 25mm soft dome tweeter deliver a better and more impressive sound offering throughout the full range.
yellow daisy echinacea in form, tho has bright yellow daisies with prominent cone centers, which start green then turn red-brown.
The first book contains forty-four propositions, and those in which the most important results are finally obtained are: 13 (surface of right cylinder), 14, 15 (surface of right cone), 33 (surface of sphere), 34 (volume of sphere and its relation to that of circumscribing cylinder), 42, 43 (surface of segment of sphere), 44 (volume of sector of sphere).
(3) On Conoids and Spheroids (Peri konoeideon kai sphairoeideon) is a treatise in thirty-two propositions, on the solids generated by the revolution of the conic sections about their axes, the main results being the comparisons of the volume of any segment cut off by a plane with that of a cone having the same base and axis (Props.
2 c), which encloses the cone in front, is irregularly triangular in shape.
Instead of making the shoulder of the screw a flat bearing surface, they have given the screw a spherical bearing resting in a hollow cone (fig.
The method consisted in having motion transmitted to the micrometer screw from an axis on which is mounted a disk that presses with friction-contact upon a cone that revolves uniformly by clockwork.
The velocity of rotation of the micrometer-screw could therefore be varied for stars of different declination by varying the distance from the apex at which the revolving disk presses upon the revolving cone.
In more recent instruments at the observatories of the Cape of Good Hope and Paris the motion is transmitted from a separately mounted cone and clock by a light rod passing through a perforation in the pivot of the transit instrument and thence through bevel-wheels in the cube of the axis to a second rod leading to the eyepiece.
The in solido definition as the section of a cone by a plane at a less inclination to the axis than the generator brings out the existence of the two infinite branches if we imagine the cone to be double and to extend to infinity.
These two lines may be pictured in the in solido definition as the section of a cone by a plane through its vertex and parallel to the plane generating the hyperbola.
It consists of a long screw spindle, coupled by suitable gearing with the cable drum, and thus rotating at the speed of the outgoing cable; on this screw works a nut which forms the centre of a thin 'circular disk, the edge of which is pressed against the surface of a right circular cone, the line of contact, as the nut moves along the screw, being parallel to the axis of the latter.
nut and screw are rotating at the same speed, the position - of the former will remain fixed; and as the nut is driven by friction from the surface of the cone, this equality of speed will obtain only when the product of the diameter (d) of the cone at that position multiplied into its speed of rotation (n) equals the product of the diameter (a) of the disk multiplied into the speed of rotation (N) of the screw, or N/n = d/a, and thus the ratio of cable paid out to that of wire paid out is continuously given by a pointer controlled 1 See Sir W.
In many cases multiple antennae are used consisting of many wires arranged in cone or umbrella-rib fashion, or a metal roof or metallic chimney may be employed (see fig.
Angelo above Castellammare (4720 ft.), while the detached volcanic cone of Vesuvius (nearly 4000 ft.) is isolated from the neighboring mountains by an intervening strip of plain.
This clear separation between periblem and pleromi is mostly found in plants whose stem-apex forms a naked cone the leaves being produced relatively late, so that the stele of th young stem is obvious above the youngest leaf-traces (fig.
From the morphological point of view it is more important to distinguish the associations of forms, such as the mountain mass or group of mountains radiating from a centre, with the valleys furrowing their flanks spreading towards every direction; the mountain chain or line of heights, forming a long narrow ridge or series of ridges separated by parallel valleys; the dissected plateau or highland, divided into mountains of circumdenudation by a system of deeply-cut valleys; and the isolated peak, usually a volcanic cone or a hard rock mass left projecting after the softer strata which embedded it have been worn away (Monadnock of Professor Davis).
Apteryx, which since Owen has generally been stated to be devoid of such an organ, likewise possesses a pecten; its base is, however, trumpet-shaped, covers almost the whole of the optic disk, and extends nearly to the lens in the shape of a thick, densely pigmented cone, without any plications, resembling in these respects the pecten of many Lacertilia (see G.
The five anthers are remarkable for the coloured processes which extend beyond the anther cells and form a sort of cone around the style (fig.
Thus, rays suffering one internal reflection will all lie within a cone of about 42Ã‚°; in this direction the illumination will be most intense; within the cone the illumination will be fainter, while, without it, no light will be transmitted to the eye.
Outside the cone of 54Ã‚° there will be faint illumination; within it, no secondary rays will be transmitted to the eye.
On the Fukushima (E.) side of the volcano rises a large parasitic cone, extinct.
The symmetry of the cone is marred by a con vexity on the seaward (S.) side.
Select any point P in the interior and let a line drawn through it sweep out a small double cone (see fig.
A circular piece of this paper is folded twice upon itself so as to form a quadrant, one of the folds is pulled out, and the cone thus obtained is supported in a glass or porcelain funnel having an apical angle of 60Ã‚°.
The curved surface of a right circular cone becomes a sector of a circle, and its area = 2 slant height X perimeter of base.
A "spherical sector" and "spherical cone" may be also regarded as the solids of revolution of a circular sector about one of its bounding radii, and about any other line through the vertex respectively.
In the simplest case the anthers are close to the stigmas, covering these with pollen when they open; this occurs in a number of small annual plants, also in Narcissus, Crocus, &c. In snowdrop and other pendulous flowers the anthers form a cone around the style and the pollen falls on to the underlying stigmas, or in erect flowers the pollen may fall on to the stigmas which lie directly beneath the opening anthers (e.g.
If the flame of a candle or lamp be closely examined, it will be seen to consist of four parts - (a) a deep blue ring at the base, (b) a dark cone in the centre, (c) a luminous portion round this, and (d) an exterior pale blue envelope (see Flame).
7, so that the furnace above this is a very acute upright cone, the walls of which make an angle of about 4Ã‚° with the vertical, instead of an obtuse inverted cone.
On the snow-covered cone the heat of the sun is intense, though the thermometer recorded a temperature of 34Ã‚° in September.
The exterior of the cone has an angle of 30Ã‚°.
A large slot has to be cut in the cone which forms the upper part of the polar axis, in order to allow the telescope to be pointed nearer to the pole than would otherwise be possible; even so stars within 15Ã‚° of the pole cannot be observed.
Instantaneous Axis of a Cone rolling on a Cone.Let Oaa (fig.
It is interesting that no monstrous cycadean cone has been described in which ovuliferous and staminate appendages are borne on the same axis: in the Bennettitales (see Palaeobotany: Mesozoic) flowers were produced bearing on the same axis both androecium and gynoecium.
Androgynous cones may be produced, as in the cone of Pinus rigida (fig.
Repeating this construction for all values of a between oÃ‚° and 90Ã‚°, we obtain a curve BPC, which can be used for determining the ratios of corresponding drums of cone pulleys or of conical drums for open belts.
1806) shown how for any given position of the summit the plane of contact is determined, or reciprocally; say the plane XY is determined when the point P is given, or reciprocally; and it is noticed that when P is situate in the interior of the surface the plane XY does not cut the surface; that is, we have a real plane XY intersecting the surface in the imaginary curve of contact of the imaginary circumscribed cone having for its summit a given real point P inside the surface.
The feeding-hopper E is so arranged that, when the cone e 2 opens, e l is shut, and vice versa, thus no more gas can escape, on feeding fresh coke into the generator, than that which is contained in E.
as a section of a cone or cylinder, it may be defined, after Menaechmus, as the perpendicular section of an "acute-angled" cone; or, after Apollonius of Perga, as the section of any cone by a plane at a less inclination to the base than a generator; or as an oblique section of a right cylinder.
Menaechmus discussed three species of cones (distinguished by the magnitude of the vertical angle as obtuse-angled, right-angled and acuteangled), and the only section he treated was that made by a plane perpendicular to a generator of the cone; according to the species of the cone, he obtained the curves now known as the hyperbola, parabola and ellipse.
This defect can be avoided (after Abbe) if a small central portion of the back surface of the front lens be ground away and blackened; this portion should exactly catch the direct cone of rays, whilst the edges of the lens let the deflected cone of rays pass through (fig.
The apparatus must be such that the apertures of the illuminating rays can easily be altered, by inserting diaphragms in the course of the rays of the illuminating cone below the stage plate (fig.
creased; if the diaphragm is removed cone of rays is diminished (cf.
60); infundibuliform or funnel-shaped, when the tube is like an inverted cone, and the limb becomes more expanded at the apex, as in tobacco; hypocrateriform or salver-shaped, when there is a straight tube surmounted by a flat spreading limb, as in primula (fig.
It is a solid stupa of brick, in the form of a cone, raised over a relic chamber; and the place of worship is the surrounding platform with a perimeter of nearly 1400 ft.
The fibers are resin impregnated and baked to produce the appropriate cone stiffness, strength and weight properties.
Thomas Krainer (Potsdam): Resolvents of elliptic cone operators.
Dark shading around Sandey indicates approximate lakebed extent of the scoria cone.
One of the specialities of the house is a dish of delicately battered seafood served in a cone of brown paper.
Spectral sensitivities of human cone visual pigments determined in vivo and in vitro.
The Jumbo is set to feature engines painted as beer cans and giant ' smiley ' faces on the nose cone and tail.
A talus cone at the bottom of the moonmilk lined pot was full of animal skulls, mainly goat.
They commonly take the form of a truncated cone, the broad end springing from the muffle Figure 4a.
Noticed a perfect upside down cone shape as the vortex moved out across the lake.
A dynamic viscometer is one where the shear rate can both controlled and measured (e.g a cone and plate viscometer).
Knit as 2ply or 3ply (approx 600m per cone) Ideal for weaving in the weft or couch down in embroidery.
Pine Cone 's Report by Pam Shirk, North Carolina, USA Well, the fat wench did it again.
Plus One woofer cones - This patent pending technology deliver a cone with more surface area than competing models of the same size.
Similar to echinacea in form, tho has bright yellow daisies with prominent cone centers, which start green then turn red-brown.
They must hop in the sack down to the chair, garbage can, or cone, then, hop around it and back to their teammates.
He must run down to the chair, can, or cone, circle it and come back to his teammate without dropping the egg.
Also in the Post interview, Kinney states that, "I was wimpy, and I still don't have to share too often . . . I was the orange cone for other kids to dribble around."
The mature plant produces a tall, sturdy stem with cone shaped flowers.
The top is cone shaped to contain the heat.
The area is comprised of four resorts, which include Coronet Peak, The Remarkables, Cardrona and Treble Cone.
Treble Cone is less beginner friendly than the other Queenstown ski areas.
Anyone who has aspired to become a ski instructor might be interested in Treble Cone's 13-week Rookie Academy.
These are usually tower-like cakes made of cream puffs, caramel, sometimes sugared almonds, and chocolate in a cone shape, sometimes with added flavorings.
Glue fruit together in an upside down cone shape that will resemble a rounded pyramid when finished.
Next, wrap the petal around the end of your cardboard cone, taking care that the widest part of the petal is closest to the tip.
Roll the petal around the cone so the edges will overlap and secure them with gum paste glue.
Consider rewarding his willing participation with an inexpensive treat such as a small toy or ice cream cone.
The spathe bracts resemble a corolla, and consist of four large pure white spreading leaves from the base of the spadix or cone of flowers.
It reaches a height of 15 feet in a few years, growing in the form of a broad based cone, with its lower branches but a foot or so from the ground.
A sterling silver cable cord is wrapped around the center of the cone in typical Yurman signature style.
Be sure to pick up a snow cone or cotton candy while in this area.
Race against the clock in this fun challenge called Cone Crazy 2.
The other premiere new feature is an overhauled passing game thanks to the additions of the QB Vision Cone and the Precision Passing System.
Some of the new features include a vision cone to show the field of vision when quarterbacks drop back to pass.
Ear candling involves the insertion of a burning candle or a cone of wax-soaked linen or cotton into the affected ear.
The cone or candle is threaded through a hole in the plate into the ear canal and lit.
Ear candling-An alternative method for removing impacted cerumen with a lighted hollow cone of paraffin or beeswax.
The device looks like a pipe containing an inner cone that cradles a steel ball sealed with a perforated cover.
Normally, the light from the otoscope reflects off the eardrum in a characteristic fashion called the "cone of light."
Campanelle- meaning "bells", this is a small cone shape with ruffled edges.
Create a cone from Styrofoam, and paint it green or any other color desired.
Adjust the cone until the three sections are even.
Those born vaginally will often have a cone shape to their heads due to the pressure of going through the birth canal.
Any woman who has ever counted calories, or has run for miles on the treadmill just to work off that extra ice cream cone knows that staying in shape takes hard work.
Later in the decade, she hung up the youthful apparel in favor of sexy, menswear-inspired suits and cone bras.
Whether she is wearing corsets, "Boy Toy" belts or Jean Paul Gaultier cone bras (even decades later, those things still look dangerous!
They use a cone shaped grinding surface, eliminate the static created by blade grinders.
Rival doesn't offer many solutions for purchasing replacement parts on the company website other than a few items like deep fryer filter replacements, mixing paddles, ingredient scoops and other parts for their popular snow cone maker.
In addition, this model comes with a facial steaming cone so the iron can be used as part of your facial routine.
The Cone system was invented by Melitta Benz in 1908 and according to many coffee enthusiasts it is still the best way to brew a cup of coffee.
This system uses a cone that rests over the lip of the coffee cup.
The cone contains a paper filter filled with fresh-ground coffee.
The Cone system is a precursor to the modern automatic drip coffee maker.
In fact, wreaths have evolved from the basic evergreen bough and pine cone variety.
Rooftop Santas and mechanical reindeer are prominently displayed amid snowflakes and pine cone wreaths.
The smooth profile is the traditional inverted cone, like that found on heavily-pruned pine trees.
On your head, you will need to design a cone for the pencil tip.
Round brilliant cut diamonds are cut in a cone shape.
The top surface of the gemstone is circular, while the facets create a pointed cone to let in light and show off the diamond's sparkle.
Rather than creating a cone, the facets create a reverse pyramid.
With round brilliant cut gemstones, the most fragile part is the point of the cone.
To be specific, the crown of the stone is rounded, and the pavilion is shaped like cone, with beveled edges.
The pavilion, which is the bottom part of the stone, has a shape similar to a cone, with a distinct point at the bottom of it.
Collect pine cones from outside and wrap each cone from the middle with thin green craft wire, leaving long ends for attaching to the frame.
The word usage examples above have been gathered from various sources to reflect current and historial usage. They do not represent the opinions of YourDictionary.com.