Compulsory sentence example

compulsory
  • Much, however, is effected towards unification, by compulsory military service, it being the principle that no man shall serve within the military district to which he belongs.
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  • Primary education is free and secular, and is compulsory for children of 6 to 14 years.
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  • Military training is compulsory on all lads over ten attending government schools.
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  • Primary instruction is free but not compulsory, and the schools are supported and supervised by the states.
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  • There are 22 public elementary schools for boys and 18 for girls (education being compulsory and gratuitous), with about 20,000 pupils, and 56 private schools with 5700 pupils.
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  • On other estates the serfs' compulsory labor was commuted for a quitrent.
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  • Compulsory attendance of young men at national guard drills is enforced for at least two months of the year, under penalty of enforced service in the Line.
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  • Education is very widely distributed, and in every state it is compulsory for children of school ages to attend school.
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  • But the evidence was practically unanimous that the Indian was undesirable in Natal other than as a labourer and the commission recommended compulsory repatriation.
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  • The Germans recognized the staple rights of Bruges for a number of commodities, such as wool, wax, furs, copper and grain, and in return for this material contribution to the growing commercial importance of the town, they received in 1309 freedom from the compulsory brokerage which Bruges imposed on foreign merchants.
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  • The anthers are so situated that the pollen on escaping comes into contact with the stigma; in such flowers self-fertilization is compulsory and very effectual, as seeds in profusion are produced.
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  • At the Hanseatic assembly of 1469, Dantzig, Hamburg and Breslau opposed the maintenance of a compulsory staple at Bruges in the face of the new conditions produced by a widening commerce and more advantageous markets.
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  • I t is compulsory for front and rear seat occupants to wear seat belts if fitted.
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  • He was appointed inspector-general of higher education in 1876, and after his election as life senator in 1881 he continued to take an active interest in educational questions, especially as affected by compulsory military service.
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  • Compulsory service with the colors is in Germany no longer universal, as there are twice as many able-bodied men presented by the recruiting commissions as the active army can absorb.
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  • It is not compulsory, nor is it entirely gratuitous, but the fees are small and the state offers a great many scholarships, by means of which a clever child can pay for its own instruction.
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  • The redemption was not calculated on the value of the allotments of land, but was considered as a compensation for the loss of the compulsory labour of the serfs; so that throughout Russia, with the exception of a few provinces in the S.E., it was - and still remains, notwithstanding a very great increase in the value of land - much higher than the market value of the allotment.
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  • Useful compulsory laws regarding the details of train management are difficult to frame and hard to carry out; but the Board has exercised a persistent persuasiveness and has secured most of its objects.
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  • Its investigations justified the law making the block system compulsory, thus removing the worst danger of railway travel.
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  • The compulsory slaughter at the place of landing does not extend to animals shipped from Ireland into Great Britain, and this is a matter of the highest importance to Irish stock-breeders, who find their best market close at hand on the east of St George's Channel.
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  • Education is compulsory, the elementary schools being communal, assisted by state grants.
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  • The first Prayer Book passed parliament on the 21st of January 1549, but did not receive the royal assent till later, probably March, and was not in compulsory use till Whitsunday, June 9th, 2549.
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  • Compulsory and gratuitous schooling for the Protestants had been enforced in Livonia since 1860, and in Courland since 1875.
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  • Other proposals were: the maintenance of the system of the joint army as established in 1867, but with the concession that all Hungarian recruits were to receive their education in Magyar; the maintenance till 1917 of the actual customs convention with Austria; a reform of the land laws, with a view to assisting the poorer proprietors; complete religious equality; universal and compulsory primary education.
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  • It is drawn in imitation of European models, and makes military service compulsory for all Venezuelans between 21 and 50 years.
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  • This Assize, which has been described as the earliest English Building Act, is of great value from an historical point of view, but unfortunately it had little practical effect, and in 1212 what was called " Fitz-Ailwyne's Second Assize," with certain compulsory regulations, was enacted.
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  • Early in the session he brought in a bill abolishing compulsory church-rates, and this passed into law.
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  • In 1867, on the accession to the premiership of Julius von Jolly (1823-1891), several constitutional changes in a Liberal direction were made; responsibility of ministers, freedom of the press, compulsory education.
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  • Elementary school education (4 years' teaching) is not yet compulsory.
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  • Secondary schools are few, one foreign language being compulsory.
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  • There is a university at Innsbruck, but primary education, though compulsory, does not attain any very high degree of excellence, as in summer the schools are closed, for all hands are then required in the fields or on the mountain pastures.
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  • The subsequent career of Menno was that of an active missioner; his changes of place, often compulsory, are difficult to trace.
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  • Since the accident at Hartley colliery in 1862, caused by the breaking of the pumping-engine beam, which fell into the shaft and blocked it up, whereby the whole of the men then at work in the mine were starved to death, it has been made compulsory upon mine-owners in the United Kingdom to have two pits for each working, in place of the single one divided by walls or brattices which was formerly thought sufficient.
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  • In France and Germany the method of filling the space left by the removal of the coal with waste rock, quarried underground or sent down from the surface, which was originally used in connexion with the working of thick inclined seams by the method of horizontal slices, is now largely extended to long-wall workings on thin seams, and in Westphalia is made compulsory where workings extend below surface buildings, and safety pillars of unwrought coal are found to be insufficient.
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  • This is now generally done, and in some countries is compulsory, when the rocks are deficient in natural moisture.
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  • For certain public works the Germans enforce a system of compulsory labour.
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  • The revolt was due largely to resentment against the restrictions enforced by the Germans in their efforts at civilization, including compulsory work on European plantations in certain districts.
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  • Since 1850 truant and compulsory attendance laws (the first compulsory education law was passed in 1642) have been enforced in conjunction with laws against child labour.
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  • In 1847 an educational board was established, and there are numerous schools; attendance is compulsory, but none of the schools is free.
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  • Thirlwall replied by pointing out that no provision for theological instruction wa,s in fact made by the colleges except compulsory attendance at chapel, and that this was mischievous.
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  • He seems to have acted with prudence and moderation during the conversion of his kingdom and did not countenance compulsory proselytism.
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  • Sweden led the way, by making compulsory the parish record of births, deaths and marriages, kept by the clergy, and extending it to include the whole of the domiciled population of the parish.
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  • The notion of obtaining a periodical record of population and its movement, dissociated from fiscal or other liabilities, originated, as stated above, in Sweden, where, in 1686, the birth and death registers, till then kept voluntarily by the parish clergy, were made compulsory and general, the results for each year being communicated to a central office.
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  • The compulsory education law as amended in 1907 and 1909 requires the full attendance at a public school, or at a school which is an approximate equivalent, of all children who are between seven and fourteen years of age, are in the proper physical and mental condition, and reside in a city or school district having a population of 5000 or more and employing a superintendent of schools; in such a city or district children between fourteen and sixteen years must attend school unless they obtain an employment certificate and are regularly engaged in some useful employment or service; and outside of such a city or district all children between the ages of eight and fourteen years and those between fourteen and sixteen years who are not regularly employed must attend school on all school days from October to June.
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  • Tillage was also made compulsory, but this had little effect on production owing to the shortage of labour, draft animals, manures and agricultural implements, together with the oppressive restrictions caused by the fixing of maximum prices.
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  • Incidentally, the question of " compulsory Greek " has stimulated a desire for greater efficiency in classical teaching.
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  • In 1566 he gave publicity to the Tridentine catechism; in 1568 he introduced the amended Roman breviary; everywhere he insisted on strict monastic discipline, and the compulsory residence of bishops within their sees.
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  • Since 1893 the state has furnished textbooks and other necessary supplies free of charge, and since 1895 education has been compulsory for all children between the ages of eight and thirteen.
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  • A law for compulsory education was passed in 1909.
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  • The humiliation of the king and queen after their capture at Varennes; the compulsory acceptance of the constitution; the plain incompetence of the new Legislative Assembly; the growing violence of the Parisian mob, and the ascendency of the Jacobins at the Common Hall; the fierce day of the 20th of June (1792), when the mob flooded the Tuileries, and the bloodier day of the 10th of August, when the Swiss guard was massacred and the royal family flung into prison; the murders in the prisons in September; the trial and execution of the king in January (1793); the proscription of the Girondins in June, the execution of the queen in October - if we realize the impression likely to be made upon the sober and homely English imagination by such a heightening of horror by horror, we may easily understand how people came to listen to Burke's voice as the voice of inspiration, and to look on his burning anger as the holy fervour of a prophet of the Lord.
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  • A Joseph Rowntree Poll in 2000 found that 30 per cent of those polled agreed or tended to agree with compulsory turnout.
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  • All states have laws governing compulsory education.
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  • By the time of the jurists it had become hereditary and compulsory.
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  • In some of the early books of order a few forms of prayer were given, but their use was not compulsory.
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  • The elementary education of the convicts' children is compulsory.
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  • The Falklands are the seat of a colonial bishop. Education is compulsory.
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  • By 1884, however, the advantages of " settlement terms " became so evident that they were adopted by the Cotton Association, at first for fortnightly periods, with the saving clause originally that they should not be compulsory.
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  • Education for boys and girls between the ages of seven and fifteen is free, but not compulsory.
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  • Attendance at school between the ages of 7 and 14 is, with certain exceptions, compulsory.
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  • Venezuela, it is true, has a comprehensive public instruction law, and attendance at the public schools is both gratuitous and nominally compulsory.
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  • In 1909, as part of the same policy, a law was passed imposing compulsory military service on all Christian subjects of the empire for the first time.
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  • Under the Education Act of 1877 state schools are established, in which teaching is free, secular and compulsory, with certain exceptions, for children between the ages of seven and thirteen.
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  • A national education system, free, non-religious and compulsory, was established in 1877.
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  • On the attainment of self-government the colonial legislature passed an act (1908) which in respect to primary and secondary education made attendance compulsory on all white children, the fee system being maintained.
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  • Apart from this system of compulsory reference by the praetor, Roman law recognized a voluntary reference (compromissum) to an arbiter or arbitrator by the parties themselves.
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  • In Luxemburg, compulsory arbitration in matters affecting commercial partnerships was abolished in 1879 (law of the 16th of April 1879).
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  • The Marine Department was created a separate branch of the board of trade in 1850, about which time many new and important marine questions came under the board of trade, such, for example, as the survey of passenger steamers, the compulsory examination of masters and mates, the establishment of shipping offices for the engagement and discharge of seamen.
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  • - The organization of the Austrian elementary schools was based on the principle of compulsory school attendance, free education, and the imparting of public instruction in the child's own language.
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  • Nurses are eligible for a pension after 10 years' service, the amount increasing up to the age of 55 when retirement is compulsory.
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  • In the same year he took part in supporting the measure for the abolition of compulsory Church rates.
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  • For children between the ages of eight and fourteen attendance for twelve weeks, six being consecutive, is compulsory.
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  • By a law passed in 1903, the ancient system of recruiting the army and navy from the descendants of former prisoners of war was abolished in favour of compulsory service by all able-bodied men.
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  • In the grand duchy the forest has almost entirely disappeared, but owing to the compulsory law of replanting in Belgium this fate does not seem likely to attend the Belgian Ardennes.
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  • In 1768 Rolland declared that the university, which held Greek in high honour, nevertheless had reason to lament that her students learnt little of the language, and he traced this decline to the fact that attendance at lectures had ceased to be compulsory.
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  • A compulsory education law of 1902 - to operate, however, only in the city of Baltimore and in Allegany county - requires the attendance for the whole school year of children between the ages of eight and twelve and also of those between the ages of twelve and sixteen who are not employed at home or elsewhere.
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  • In 1883 a law was passed for the reorganization of the systems in force, and primary instruction was made compulsory for Europeans and Jews, whilst in the case of Mahommedans discretion in the establishment of schools was vested in the governorgeneral.
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  • Primary education is free and compulsory; the standard of attendance is high and the instruction fair, but a large proportion of the older inhabitants.
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  • At this time there were not more than 20 parishes north of the Forth and Clyde where there was a compulsory assessment for the poor, but the English method of assessment was rapidly spreading.
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  • Chalmers believed that compulsory assessment ended by swelling" the evil it was intended to mitigate, and that relief should be raised and administered by voluntary means.
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  • The first result was a law regulating free and compulsory education in the federal district and national territories, which came into effect on the 17th of January 1892.
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  • Compulsory attendance had been adopted in 1888, but did not come into effect until after the enactment of the law of 1896.
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  • It provides for uniform, free and non-sectarian primary instruction, and compulsory attendance for children of 6 to 12 years of age.
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  • The old Spanish weights and measures, modified in many particulars, continued in private use, however, and in 1895 it became necessary to declare the metric system the only legal system and to make;its use compulsory after the 16th of September 1896.
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  • In 1891 elementary education was reorganized, and made compulsory, secular and gratuitous.
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  • He was a confirmed protectionist, and free trade ideas had made great way in France under the empire; he was an advocate of long military service, and the devotees of la revanche were all for the introduction of general and compulsory but short service.
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  • The first class consists of those praefecti who were nominated as temporary delegates by the Ilviri, when through illness or compulsory absence they were unable to discharge the duties of their office.
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  • Primary instruction is nominally compulsory, and, in government schools, is provided at the cost of the state.
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  • For the white and mixed population military service is compulsory; from the eighteenth to the thirtieth year of age in the active army, and from the thirtieth to the fiftieth in the reserve.
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  • On the other hand, if the landowner fails within twenty-one days after receipt of the notice to treat to give the particulars which it requires, the promoters may proceed to exercise their compulsory powers and to obtain assessment of the compensation to be paid.
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  • Education, however, has never been made compulsory.
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  • Since then a network of similar treaties, adopted by different nations with each other and based on the AngloFrench model, has made reference to the Hague Court of Arbitration practically compulsory for all matters which can be settled by an award of damages or do not affect any vital national interest.
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  • One of the most important steps taken at the Reformation was the compilation and provision of a comprehensive service book for general and compulsory use in public worship in all cathedral and parish churches throughout the Church of England.
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  • It was carried through both houses of parliament by the 21st of January 1549, by an Act of Uniformity which made its use compulsory on and after the following Whit-Sunday.
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  • Education is universal, compulsory and free.
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  • Among these was a law providing for compulsory education, and decreeing that no illiterate born after the beginning of Liholiho's reign should hold office, and that no illiterate man or woman, born after the same date, could marry.
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  • As attendance at the fyrd was included in the trinoda necessitas it was compulsory on all holders of land; but that it was not confined to them is shown by the following extract from the laws of Ine, king of the West Saxons, dated about 690, which prescribes the penalty for the serious offence of neglecting the fyrd: "If a gesithcund man owning land neglect the fyrd, let him pay 120 shillings, and forfeit his land; one not owning land 60 shillings; a ceorlish man 30 shillings as fyrdwite."
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  • By that act, the registration of every death and the cause of the death is compulsory.
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  • The system of compulsory cultivation of coffee was abolished in Sumatra in 1908.
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  • In 1889 the state recognized private denominational schools, and in 1900 passed a law of compulsory attendance.
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  • Education is compulsory by law, and is free for those who cannot pay for it.
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  • Compelled to accept the conditions imposed by the landlords, the peasants had to pay rack-rents and to give compulsory labour in various forms for the use of their land.
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  • By law it is free and compulsory, but in some districts the attendance of many children is impossible.
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  • Primary education is compulsory.
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  • Commissioners (now the board of agriculture) are appointed to execute the acts; a rent charge on all lands liable to tithes at the time of the passing of the first act is substituted for those tithes, of which the gross amount is ascertained either by voluntary parochial agreement, or, failing that, by compulsory award confirmed by the commissioners; and the value of the tithes is fixed in the latter case by their average value in the particular parish during the seven years preceding Christmas 1835, without deduction for parochial or county and other rates, charges and assessments falling on tithes, the rent charge being liable to all the charges to which tithes were liable.
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  • Besides the tithes dealt with by local acts as already mentioned, certain other kinds of tithes are outside the scope of the Commutation Acts, namely, tithes of fish and fishing, personal tithes other than tithes of mills, and mineral tithes, unless the landowners and tithe-owners consent to make a parochial agreement for commutation before the confirmation of an apportionment after a compulsory award in such parish.
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  • He also passed laws against compulsory ordination and premature vows of celibacy.
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  • The imperial laws which introduced the compulsory insurance of all the humbler workers within the empire, and gave them, when incapacitated by sickness, accident and old age, an absolute right to pecuniary assistance, have greatly reduced pauperism and crime.
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  • Education is general and compulsory throughout the empire, and all the states composing it have, with minor modifications, adopted the Prussian system providing for the establishment of elementary schools Vol ksschulenin every town and village.
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  • The climax, however, was reached in 1907 when Prince BUlow, on the 26th of November, introduced into the Prussian parliament a bill to arm the German Colonization Committee in Posen with powers of compulsory expropriation.
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  • The real desire of the Clericals was an alteration of the school law, by which the control of the schools should be restored to the Church and the period of compulsory education reduced.
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  • In 1887-1888 laws, modelled on the new German laws, introduced compulsory insurance against accidents and sickness.
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  • The Copts have about 1000 primary schools, in which the teaching of Coptic is compulsory, a few industrial schools, and one college for higher instruction.
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  • Registration of mortgages is compulsory in Denmark, and the system is extremely simple, a fact which has been of the greatest importance for the improvement of the country.
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  • It is, however, partially regaining the river trade in consequence of the compulsory substitution of drawbridges for the stationary railway bridges.
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  • Having made a close study of the educational systems of Germany and Switzerland, Mundella was an early advocate of compulsory education in England.
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  • Since that date the most important changes effected in the elementary education system were the abolition, in 1886, of individual inspection of the lower standards - afterwards extended to the whole of the standards, the inspectors applying a collective test, the " block-grant " system, to the efficiency of a school - and the abolition of school fees (1889) for the compulsory standards, the loss being made up principally by a parliamentary grant, and partly by a proportion, earmarked for the purpose, of the proceeds of the Local Taxation (Customs and Excise) Act 1890, and the Education and Local Taxation Account (Scotland) Act 1892.
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  • The good Bishop Elphinstone founded the university of Aberdeen in 1495; and in 1496 parliament decreed compulsory education, and Latin, for sons of barons and freeholders.
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  • The attendance in some school of all children from 7 to 16 years of age is compulsory, and of the population of school age (1,500,066) 988,078 were enrolled in public schools.
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  • Oral tests are used almost invariably in medical examinations; and there is a growing tendency to make them compulsory in dealing with modern languages.
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  • If on one or two points, as, for instance, the invocation of saints, some germs of subsequent Roman teaching may be discovered, there is a want of anything like the doctrine of indulgences or of compulsory private confession.
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  • When the war came, he took his stand, with the bulk of the Labour leaders, on the national and patriotic side; but, like many of them, deprecated the introduction of compulsory service, until it should be clear that the necessary men could be got in no other way.
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  • At any rate the time of compulsory fusion with the Greeks was ended once for all.
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  • The sharp contrasts between its compulsory religious observances and those of the rest of the world prevented such an absorption of the Jewish people into the Roman Empire as had caused the disappearance of the ten tribes of Israel by their merging with the Assyrians.
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  • The amir's first measures were designed to enhance his popularity and to improve his internal administration, particularly with regard to the relations of his government with the tribes, and to the system introduced by the late amir of compulsory military service, whereby each tribe was required to supply a proportionate number of recruits.
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  • The people are nearly all Lutherans, and education is compulsory between the ages of six and fourteen.
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  • The long fight for the abolition of compulsory church-rates was finally successful in 1868, and then in 1870 Miall was prominent in the discussions aroused by the Education Bill.
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  • Between the ages of five and fourteen education is compulsory for the entire year.
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  • Another service, the performance of which established a presumption as to villenage, was compulsory service as a reeve.
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  • The first use he made of his freedom was to write a work (which, however, his friends prudently prevented him from publishing), Le Vaine Triomphe du cardinal de Noailles, containing a virtual withdrawal of the compulsory recantation.
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  • Sessions are long in primary schools, and attendance was made compulsory in 1874 (and must not be less than two-thirds of all school days).
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  • Great efforts were made, especially in 1907, but without success, to drafc a generally acceptable convention, making resort to arbitration compulsory, at any rate with reference to certain classes of questions.
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  • There are numerous elementary schools, at which the teaching is free and compulsory, besides ten colleges for secondary or technical education, and two universities.
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  • The school age is from five to twenty-one years, and for children between the ages of seven and fourteen school attendance for three months in each year is compulsory.
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  • Although we find Siricius a year later writing to the African Church on this same subject in tones rather of persuasion than of command, yet the beginning of compulsory sacerdotal celibacy in the Western Church may be conveniently dated from his decretal of A.D.
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  • Attendance at the camp training, in so far as the claims of men's civil employment do not infringe upon it, is compulsory, and takes place at one time for all - generally the first half of August.
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  • The society also maintained Beggar Colonies for the compulsory detention of persons committing the offence of begging.
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  • Its most important conclusions were for reciprocity in trade, a continental railway and compulsory arbitration in international complications.
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  • The peasant proprietors, who, under the name of the " Landtmanna" party,' formed a compact majority in the Second Chamber, pursued a consistent policy of class interests in the matter of the taxes and burdens that had, as they urged, so long oppressed the Swedish peasantry; and consequently when a bill was introduced for superseding the old system of army organization by general compulsory service, they demanded as a condition of its acceptance that the military burdens should be more evenly distributed in the country, and that the taxes, which they regarded as a burden under which they had wrongfully groaned for centuries, should be abolished.
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  • On the other hand, the First Chamber refused to listen to any abolition of the old military system, so long as the defence of the country had not been placed upon a secure basis by the adoption of general compulsory military service.
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  • But it was soon perceived that the new plan was unsatisfactory and required recasting, upon which the minister of war, Baron Rappe, resigned, and was succeeded by Colonel von Crustebjorn, who immediately set to work to prepare a complete reorganization of the army, with an increase of the time of active service on the lines of general compulsory service.
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  • The registration of births, marriages and deaths is compulsory since the 1st of January 1885, but the provisions of the law are frequently eluded.
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  • School attendance is not compulsory, however, and the gain upon illiteracy (75%) appears to be very slow.
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  • The father y' Y towards the Pan-American Congress at Mexico became a matter of interest in the autumn, particularly in connexion with the proposal for compulsory arbitration between all American governments.
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  • The attempt to enforce compulsory military service, made and abandoned in 1869, but finally successful in 1881, led to two short-lived revolts among the Krivoscians, during which Cattaro was the Austrian headquarters.
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  • Union between Greeks, voluntary or compulsory, and an offensive war against Persia, was the programme they propounded.
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  • Action in this case was optional, but after an interval of fifteen years the Police Act of 1856 made the rule compulsory, it being found that an efficient police force throughout England and Wales was necessary for the more effectual prevention and detection of crime, the suppression of vagrancy and the maintenance of good order.
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  • These were few in number during the early days of the Capetian dynasty; for though the king always maintained the principle that he was judge, and even that his competence in this respect was general and unlimited, this competence was at the same time undefined and it was not compulsory to submit cases to the king.
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  • A conscription law of 1894 provides for a compulsory military service between the ages of twenty-one and fifty years, with two years' actual service in the regulars for those between twentyone and twenty-five, but the law is practically a dead letter.
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  • Although Bolivia has a free and compulsory school system, education and the provision for education have made little progress.
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  • A compulsory attendance law applies to children between 6 and 14 years of age, but it is not generally obeyed by the Mexican element of population.
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  • The Inquisition never had any jurisdiction whatever over the Indians; compulsory labour by the Indians was never legalized except on the missions, and the law was little violated; they were never compelled to work mines; of mining by the Indians for precious metals there is no evidence; nor by the Jesuits (expelled in 1767, after which their missions and other properties were held by the Franciscans), except to a small extent about the presidio of Tubac, although they did some prospecting.
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  • Considerant's share in the "demonstration" under the leadership of Ledru-Rollin on the 13th of June 1849 caused his compulsory flight to Belgium.
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  • He was a captain in the 2nd regiment of Prussian Dragoon Guards when he was elected domn or prince of Rumania on the 10th of April 1866, after the compulsory abdication of Prince Alexander John Cuza.
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  • There was a compulsory attendance law, which, however, was not enforced.
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  • In every district having as many as Soo children between the ages of five and twenty the state requires that the school be taught not less than nine months a year; and a compulsory education law requires the attendance of all children between the ages of eight and fifteen for four months each year, in cities all between the same ages for the full school year, and between the ages of seven and sixteen if found frequenting public places without lawful occupation.
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  • A measure which virtually made primary education free, compulsory and unsectarian came into operation.
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  • The county council under these acts has compulsory powers of purchase or hire if they are unable to acquire land by agreement and on reasonable terms. If an objection is made to an order for compulsory purchase or hire, the order will not be confirmed by the Board of Agriculture until after a local inquiry has been held.
    0
    0
  • Powers of compulsory purchase of lands are also given under the Lands Clauses Acts, but before these can be put in operation certain conditions must be observed.
    0
    0
  • Where the order is obtained by a person or body other than the district council, the council may purchase the undertaking at the end of twenty-one years after the tramways have been constructed or at the expiration of every subsequent period of seven years, and the terms of purchase are that the person or company must sell the undertaking upon payment of the then value, exclusive of any allowance for past or future profits of the undertaking, or any compensation for compulsory sale or other consideration whatsoever of the tramway, and all lands, buildings, works, materials and plant suitable to and used for the purposes of the undertaking.
    0
    0
  • The office is compulsory, but certain persons are privileged from being elected to it.
    0
    0
  • The minimum length of the school year is fixed by a statute of 1893 at twenty weeks; the average length is about twenty-eight weeks; A compulsory education law, enacted in 1901, requires the attendance at some public or approved private school of each child between the ages of seven and fifteen during all the time that school is in session, except that necessary absences may be excused.
    0
    0
  • In anticipation of the consent of the Belgian parliament to this treaty, a Franco-Belgian convention was signed on the 5th of February 1895, by which the Belgian government recognized "the right of preference possessed by France over its Congolese possessions in case of their compulsory alienation, wholly or in part."
    0
    0
  • It approved the concessions system in principle and regarded forced labour as the only possible means of turning to account the natural riches of the country, but recognized that though freedom of trade was formally guaranteed there was virtually no trade, properly so called, among the natives in the greater portion of the Congo State, and particularly emphasized the need for a liberal interpretation of the land laws, effective application of the law limiting the amount of labour exacted from the natives to forty hours per month, the suppression of the" sentry "system, the withdrawal from the concession companies of the right to employ compulsory measures, the regulation of military expeditions, and the freedom of the courts from administrative tutelage.
    0
    0
  • In 1907 a system of compulsory education "of all male children over the age of 12" was decreed.
    0
    0
  • School attendance is compulsory for twenty weeks each year in rural districts and for thirty weeks each year in cities of the first and second class for all children between eight and sixteen years.
    0
    0
  • There are traces of work done during these intervals of compulsory residence at Florence.
    0
    0
  • Here again the question arises as to whether the tax is a mere compulsory charge or payment for a service rendered.
    0
    0
  • Under Prince Charles universal and compulsory service was introduced.
    0
    0
  • - Primary education is free and compulsory, " where schools are available," for children between seven and eleven years of age.
    0
    0
  • Although primary instruction is gratuitous it is not compulsory, and these figures clearly demonstrate that school privileges have not been extended much beyond the larger towns, The total attendance, however, compares well with that of 1897, which was 143,096, although it shows that only 5% of the population, approximately, is receiving instruction.
    0
    0
  • Registration of births and deaths did not become compulsory till 1895.
    0
    0
  • Education is not compulsory, but at the 1904 census 95% of the white population over fourteen years old could read and write.
    0
    0
  • An education act passed in 1905 established school boards on a popular franchise and provided for the gradual introduction of compulsory education.
    0
    0
  • While the controversy on compulsory military service was raging in the late autumn of 1915, he stated his own view to be that it was a better system than the voluntary system, but could only be gained at too high a price - namely, the price of national unity.
    0
    0
  • But, though prayer within the building is favoured by the example of the Prophet, it is not compulsory on the Moslem, and even in the time of Ibn Batuta the opportunities of entrance were reduced to Friday and the birthday of the Prophet.
    0
    0
  • For all children between the ages of nine and fourteen inclusive, school attendance is compulsory.
    0
    0
  • In 1897 a compulsory education law was enacted.
    0
    0
  • To combat this the Prussian government entered on a policy of the compulsory Germanization of the Polish population.
    0
    0
  • The repressive efforts of the government, however, culminated in the bill, introduced in the session of 1907 by Prince Billow, providing for the compulsory expropriation of Polish landowners in favour of Germans.
    0
    0
  • An efficient compulsory education law was passed in 1903.
    0
    0
  • Voluntary enlistment under the new Militia Bill was to be the rule: compulsory service was only to be resorted to if voluntary enlistment should fail.
    0
    0
  • In the same year Forster, as vice-president of the council, succeeded in carrying the great measure which for the first time made education compulsory.
    0
    0
  • By a law of 1907 school attendance (24 weeks per annum in the country - a law of 1903 had required only 20 weeks-32 weeks in cities) was made compulsory for children between seven and fourteen years of age who do not live more than 2 m.
    0
    0
  • Compulsory education has been carried on experimentally since 1893 in the Amreli division with apparent success, the compulsory age being 7 to 12 for boys and 7 to 10 for girls.
    0
    0
  • It may be either voluntary or compulsory; and compulsory either because of a vow or because of a command.
    0
    0
  • Elementary education is compulsory.
    0
    0
  • This was followed by the law of the 10th of December 1799 fixing definitely the value of the metre and of the kilogramme, or weight of a litre of water, and the new system became compulsory in 180r.
    0
    0
  • In England action has frequently been taken both by individuals and by associations of commercial men for the purpose of endeavouring to make the metric system compulsory.
    0
    0
  • A bill was introduced into parliament in 1864 to make the metric system compulsory for certain purposes, but owing to government objections a permissive bill was substituted and subsequently became law as the Metric Act 1864.
    0
    0
  • In 1871 another bill for compulsory adoption was rejected by the House of Commons on the second reading by a majority of five.
    0
    0
  • Construction and repairs are, in theory, carried out by compulsory labour; but this right is seldom enforced.
    0
    0
  • Primary education in the state schools is free and compulsory; the reading of Church Slavonic, nature-study and agriculture (for boys), domestic science (for girls), certain handicrafts, singing and gymnastics are among the subjects taught.
    0
    0
  • The result was some improvement in the conditions of the natives, but the principle of compulsory labour was maintained, and abuses continued.
    0
    0
  • Not, however, as an empress holding subject or subordinate cities in a dependence more or less compulsory.
    0
    0
  • Among Catholic children land went in compulsory gavelkind.
    0
    0
  • Compulsory purchase became a popular cry, especially in Ulster.
    0
    0
  • The 40th clause introduced the principle of compulsory sale to the tenants of estates in the hands of receivers.
    0
    0
  • He had already, in August 1549, at some risk, gone down with Lord Russell to turn the hearts of the rebels by preaching and persuasion, and two years later he was appointed bishop of Exeter by letters patent, on the compulsory retirement of his predecessor, Veysey, who had reached an almost mythical age.
    0
    0
  • Education.A law of the 17th of July 1857 made primary education free for the poor, and compulsory on all children of school age, originally fixed at six to nine years.
    0
    0
  • It was now that Seor Maura brought in his Local Administration Bill, a measure containing 429 clauses, the main features of which were that it largely increased the responsibility of the local elected bodies, made it compulsory for every elector to vote, and did away with official interference at.
    0
    0
  • His efforts to reconstruct the Spanish navy were attacked both by the apostles of retrenchment and by those who saw in the shipbuilding contracts an undue favoring of the foreigner; the Marine Industries Protection Act was denounced as favoring the large shipowners and exporters at the expense of the smaller men; the Compulsory Education Act as a criminal assault on the rights of the family.
    0
    0
  • It provided for compulsory education, and for the taxation of church property; prohibited the grant by counties or cities of financial aid to railway or other corporations, and enjoined that railways should have an easement only in their right of way.
    0
    0
  • Instruction is compulsory upon children over seven years of age and under thirteen years in the towns of Hobart and Launceston, but not in the rural districts.
    0
    0
  • After the abolition of compulsory church rates in 1868 the old ecclesiastical parish ceased to be of importance as an instrument of local government.
    0
    0
  • Here he took up the slavery question, and proposed to issue regulations making the registration of slaves compulsory, but his proposals were not approved by the Cairo government.
    0
    0
  • The introduction of pure water and the establishment of compulsory vaccination have greatly improved the health of Rangoon.
    0
    0
  • However, Allah has made fasting compulsory so that we become pious, God-fearing and God-conscious.
    0
    0
  • These workshops are compulsory for all students who are not adjudged sufficiently expert to be granted an exemption.
    0
    0
  • But early talk of compulsory purchase aroused some local anger and the agencies backed off.
    0
    0
  • And voluntary annuitants are even longer-lived than compulsory annuitants.
    0
    0
  • This annuity taxation can be compared to a compulsory purchase annuity taxation can be compared to a compulsory purchase annuity for a pension where all the income is taxed as earned income.
    0
    0
  • The conferences had a limited success, despite their failure to persuade nations to adopt compulsory arbitration in international disputes.
    0
    0
  • In recent years, with such changes as compulsory competitive tendering, we have seen public sector managers become increasingly businesslike and innovative.
    0
    0
  • Your claim for backdated rights depends on whether entry to the scheme was compulsory or voluntary for a full-time comparator.
    0
    0
  • If we make things compulsory, we are expected to be able to monitor them and produce figures!
    0
    0
  • Of course, attending at least one fest noz (night dance) is almost compulsory!
    0
    0
  • You can make your arrangements through your lender â but it isnât compulsory.
    0
    0
  • During Compact Week, Third Sector asked should the Compact be made compulsory.
    0
    0
  • Eight out 10 people backed the compulsory use of such data without first seeking consent - provided there were tight rules governing its use.
    0
    0
  • The citizenship curriculum is now part of the national curriculum a compulsory subject in every state... more details Whose town is it anyway?
    0
    0
  • A postgraduate dietetics course leading to a professional qualification will include a compulsory period of work placement study in a clinical environment.
    0
    0
  • Our analysis applies a regression discontinuity design based on administrative rules for school inputs during compulsory schooling to uncover the effect on post-compulsory schooling.
    0
    0
  • They specifically wanted to include a traditional dresser, almost compulsory in a country kitchen!
    0
    0
  • Alternatively you can terminate the wayleave, which forces the utility company to exercise their compulsory powers to acquire a permanent easement.
    0
    0
  • Unfortunately many educationists in the field of language studies - compulsory or otherwise - seem to have a different attitude.
    0
    0
  • I could not easily access the information on what Esure's compulsory excesses were.
    0
    0
  • In addition to the voluntary excess the compulsory excesses are exactly as above for Privilege.
    0
    0
  • There are no trendy gimmicks like fire walking, compulsory shoulder massages or new age music.
    0
    0
  • Child safety harnesses are compulsory for 3 to 5 year olds.
    0
    0
  • One study suggests that compulsory helmets for pedestrians, drivers and passengers could save 12 times as many lives.
    0
    0
  • However, membership is not compulsory and a judicial office holder may opt out of the scheme.
    0
    0
  • In March 1942 Vichy passed a law making home economics a compulsory subject for girls.
    0
    0
  • The tribunal There should be an independent decision-maker to authorize the imposition of compulsory care and treatment beyond the initial assessment period.
    0
    0
  • Prices should be indicated inclusive of VAT and any other compulsory charges.
    0
    0
  • That several minute trek was compulsory, and, at the time, seemed laborious, even unnecessary.
    0
    0
  • The Deputy Prime Minister " plans to bring these unoccupied properties into use through compulsory leasing.
    0
    0
  • In due course the company went into compulsory liquidation.
    0
    0
  • The Act, therefore gives the Lord Chancellor power to make the use of electronic means for conveyancing compulsory, subject to appropriate consultation.
    0
    0
  • The existing EU compulsory modulation is 3% this year rising to 5% in 2007.
    0
    0
  • The only compulsory module is the Project, which is chosen by the student.
    0
    0
  • She has opposed moves for the compulsory return of refugees.
    0
    0
  • New Ageetirement ages, compulsory employer pension contributions, compulsory pension scheme membership it is all coming your way soon!
    0
    0
  • Options include the serving of an Urgent Works Notice, Compulsory Purchase, or the establishment of a Trust to assume ownership.
    0
    0
  • In any case biometric passports are likely to be made compulsory by the European Union.
    0
    0
  • We will abolish the compulsory nature of Labor's ' horse passports ' and will encourage the development of bridleways.
    0
    0
  • As Dr. Nicholas Hammond, lecturer in French at Cambridge University says: " Making languages not compulsory is utterly perverse.
    0
    0
  • The following vessels are excluded from compulsory pilotage: i. HM ships, ii.
    0
    0
  • More delightful for the spectator however, is surely the compulsory portage.
    0
    0
  • He knew that he wanted to work with asbestos, but the cost of the compulsory training course was proving financially prohibitive.
    0
    0
  • The policy of compulsory quarantine ended ten years ago.
    0
    0
  • A few points: * Cards won't be compulsory registration will be.
    0
    0
  • From October 2006, compulsory retirement below age 65 is unlawful you would need to justify any enforced retirements below that age.
    0
    0
  • With no compulsory cycling tests, abilities on the road range from the skilled to the downright scary.
    0
    0
  • Definitions Obligatory set-aside This covers the area of compulsory set-aside designated for any year, 10% for 2003.
    0
    0
  • A precordial stethoscope and a finger on the pulse is compulsory.
    0
    0
  • I've never agreed with compulsory tithing but I'm open to persuasion.
    0
    0
  • This suggests compulsory trustee training, which may not sit easily with the requirement for all schemes to have a member-nominated trustee.
    0
    0
  • Learn To Live - motorway Safety Campaign - Campaigning for compulsory motorway tuition for all newly qualified drivers.
    0
    0
  • No special health precautions are needed to travel to Zurich and compulsory vaccinations are not required.
    0
    0
  • Language skills are deemed vital, necessary for economic and industrial success; and yet modern languages are no longer compulsory at GCSE.
    0
    0
  • Formerly 2700 retired seamen were boarded within it, and 5000 or 6000 others, called outpensioners, received stipends at various rates out of its funds; but in 1865 an act was passed empowering the Admiralty to grant liberal pensions in lieu of food and lodging to such of the inmates as were willing to quit the hospital, and in 1869 another act was passed making their leaving on these conditions compulsory.
    0
    0
  • The military service of the republic was reorganized in 1901, and is compulsory for all citizens between the ages of 20 and 45.
    0
    0
  • The anti-social tendency of these councils expressed itself in the infliction of the badge, in the compulsory domicile of Jews within ghettos, and in the erection of formidable barriers against all intercourse between church and synagogue.
    0
    0
  • He warmly advocated both the Munitions bill and the Registration bill, and had no hesitation in taking the further step of compulsory service, asserting, on the first Military Service bill, that the choice was between compulsion and defeat, and on the second bill, that the first had brought in more men than was expected and, therefore, that there was every reason to anticipate the success of the second.
    0
    0
  • For a hundred years after the Elizabethan settlement the battle raged round the compulsory use of the surplice and square cap, both being objected to by the extreme Calvinists or Puritans.
    0
    0
  • The objections to the introduction of the Chinese, urged in South Africa, in Great Britain and in other parts of the British Empire, are discussed under South Africa: History, § D.; here it need only be added that in the Transvaal the point upon which all parties were agreed was that no new racial or economic complications should be permitted; and these were guarded against by the restriction of the coolies to unskilled labour in the gold mines and by their compulsory repatriation.
    0
    0
  • By 1477 even Lubeck had become convinced that a continuance of the effort to maintain the compulsory staple against Holland was futile and should be abandoned.
    0
    0
  • Such congresses are doing admirable work in the popularizing of thought upon the numerous questions which are discussed at the meetings, such as compulsory arbitration, the restriction of armaments, private property at sea in time of war, the position of subject races, airships in war, &c.2 4.
    0
    0
  • But these objections were overcome by regulations which made repatriation compulsory, and which definitely restricted the coolies to unskilled labour in the mines.
    0
    0
  • In actual life each historic event, each human action, is very clearly and definitely understood without any sense of contradiction, although each event presents itself as partly free and partly compulsory.
    0
    0
  • A number of compulsory redundancies is also being disputed.
    0
    0
  • A few points: * Cards wo n't be compulsory Registration will be.
    0
    0
  • Making retrospection compulsory will inevitably lead to long delays caused by processing a very large number of disclosure checks at once.
    0
    0
  • One of the main aims of the commission is to look at whether saving for retirement should be compulsory.
    0
    0
  • In the 1980s compulsory seat belt legislation was introduced with tremendous claims for the number of lives which would be saved.
    0
    0
  • Moving home will be revolutionized when sellers ' packs become compulsory.
    0
    0
  • In 2001, the compulsory level or minimum level of UK set-aside land was 10 %.
    0
    0
  • Is ' the body ' or ' the sexed body ' the firm foundation on which gender and systems of compulsory sexuality operate?
    0
    0
  • These measures include the compulsory slaughter of cattle suspected of having BSE and the removal from the food chain of their milk and carcasses.
    0
    0
  • I 've never agreed with compulsory tithing but I 'm open to persuasion.
    0
    0
  • Learn To Live - Motorway Safety Campaign - Campaigning for compulsory motorway tuition for all newly qualified drivers.
    0
    0
  • There is a high pitched wail that makes it almost compulsory to put your fingers in your ears.
    0
    0
  • Get into tea culture, or ' yum cha ', and remember: slurping your noodles is compulsory !
    0
    0
  • Checklist of Required Information-A list of items is found here that should be included in a Notice of Intention to Obtain a Compulsory License for Making and Distributing Phonorecords.
    0
    0
  • Pregnant women should know that every test is not compulsory, and that if the results of the test do not matter to the parents, it may not have to be performed.
    0
    0
  • In the United Kingdom, the government recording of citizen births began in 1837 and it was made compulsory around 1853.
    0
    0
  • Taurus's preoccupation with money is compulsory since this sun sign rules the second house of the zodiac wheel, which is the house of finances.
    0
    0
  • "A lovely thing about Christmas is that it's compulsory, like a thunderstorm, and we all go through it together."
    0
    0
  • California has what is called a "Compulsory Financial Responsibility Law."
    0
    0
  • Once reaching the Brownie level and beyond, it is compulsory that members wear one required element - tunic, sash or vest - for the display of official pins and awards at ceremonial and official Girl Scout events.
    0
    0
  • Secondary instruction is also free, but is not compulsory.
    1
    1
  • The non-commissioned officers are, as usual in universal service armies, drawn partly from men who voluntarily enlist at a relatively early age, and partly from men who at the end of their compulsory period of service are re-engaged.
    15
    15
  • If educated at home, the child (after two years of the compulsory period has expired) must undergo a yearly examination, and if it is unsatisfactory the parents will be compelled to send him to a public or private school.
    8
    8
  • The law of 1877 rendering education compulsory for children between six and nine years of age has been the principal cause of the spread of elementary education.
    10
    11
  • With increase of number, however, and consequently enlargement of bulk in the colony, differentiation becomes compulsory.
    1
    1
  • Accustomed to the use of compulsory labour, they have failed to accommodate themselves to the new conditions.
    16
    16
  • The law of 1890 makes it " compulsory for every Jew to be a member of the congregation of the district in which he resides, and so gives to every congregation the right to tax the individual members " (op. cit.).
    10
    11
  • Education is nominally compulsory.
    2
    2
  • The Diseases of Animals Act 1896 provided for the compulsory slaughter of imported live stock at the place of landing.
    11
    12
  • Gondolas are mentioned as far back as 1094, and, prior to a sumptuary edict passed by the great council in the 16th century, making black their compulsory colour, they were very different in appearance from now.
    17
    17
  • Laws passed in 1877, 1890, 1893 and 1902 have made education compulsory for children between the ages of eight and fourteen.
    11
    12
  • In order to protect dealers against the losses due to the insolvency of those with whom they have had transactions, weekly settlements on the exchange have been made compulsory; between brokers and their clients they are also usual.
    13
    13
  • The industry is conducted upon a basis of recognized standards of quality, and testing is necessary in the interests of both refiner and consumer, as well as compulsory in connexion with the various statutory and municipal regulations.
    7
    8
  • Primary education is declared by the constitution to be free and compulsory; and its expenses are paid by the central government so far as it may be beyond the power of the province or municipality to bear them.
    6
    6
  • In the negotiations which followed, President Kruger at length agreed to extend " most favoured nation " privileges to British subjects in reference to compulsory military service, and five British subjects who had been sent as prisoners to the front were released.
    5
    5
  • Under an act of the 12th of April 1883, as amended on the 4th of April 1902, education is compulsory for children between the ages of seven and fifteen, but the maximum limit is reduced to thirteen for children who are employed at lawful labour.
    5
    5
  • The number of lines is not compulsory: sometimes they may reach to thirty, forty or even more, but the alternation of 5 and 7 syllables is compulsory.
    5
    5
  • The second class maintained communications between the fiefs and the Tokugawa court as well as their own families in Yedo, for in the alternate years of a feudatorys compulsory residence in that city his family had to live there.
    6
    6
  • In the primary schools education is free but not compulsory.
    1
    1
  • The maintenance of a system of public schools is rendered compulsory by the state constitution, and a new compulsory school law came into effect in 1907.
    1
    1
  • There are over 4000 schools; and education is compulsory.
    1
    1
  • The schools are open to all pupils between the ages of six and twenty-one, and attendance for twelve weeks each year, eight of which must be consecutive, is compulsory for those between the ages of eight and fourteen.
    1
    1
  • In the final act, the conference went farther in agreeing to the " principle of compulsory arbitration," declaring that " certain disputes, in particular those relating to the interpretation and application of the provisions of international agreements, are suitable (susceptible) to be submitted to compulsory arbitration without any restriction."
    1
    1
  • Compulsory military service was abolished in 1868, the army having till then been 91 strong.
    1
    1
  • Other laws excluded all religious orders from Prussia, and civil marriage was made compulsory; this law, which at first was confined to Prussia, was afterwards passed also in the Reichstag.
    0
    1
  • The old gilds had been destroyed, compulsory apprenticeship had ceased; little protection, however, was given to the working men, and the restrictions on the employment of women and children were of little use, as there was no efficient system of factory inspection.
    0
    1
  • Compulsory insurance, the creation of corporate unions among working men under the protection of the state, and the introduction of indirect taxes, were the chief elements in the reform~
    0
    1
  • The first proposal in March 1881 was for compulsory insurance against accidents.
    0
    1
  • The law was based on an old Prussian principle; insurance was made compulsory, but the state, instead of doing the work itself, recognized the existing friendly and other societies; they were still to enjoy their corporate existence and separate administration, but they were placed under state control, and for this purpose an imperial insurance department was created in the office of the secretary of state for the interior.
    0
    1
  • Compulsory service was to be made a reality; no one except those absolutely unfit was to escape it.
    0
    1
  • There also existed in Germany a curious compound of jealousy and contempt, natural in a nation the whole institutions of which centred round the army and compulsory service, for a nation whose institutions were based not on military, but on parliamentary and legal institutions.
    0
    1
  • In 1868 there had been introduced compulsory military service in both Austria and Hungary; the total of the army available in war had been fixed at 800,000 men.
    0
    1
  • At the renewal of the periodical financial and economic settlement (Ausgleich) in 1877 no important change was made, but in 1882 the system of compulsory service was extended to Bosnia and Herzegovina, and a reorganization was carried out, including the introduction of army corps and local organization on the Prussian plan.
    0
    1
  • A Gap Year Taking a year out at the end of compulsory schooling can be a good option.
    0
    1
  • The chief attraction of military service has consisted and will consist in this compulsory and irreproachable idleness.
    19
    19
  • Recruiting and Strength.EJniversal compulsory service was adopted after the disasters of 1870-1871, though in principle it had been established by Marshal Niels reforms a few years before that date.
    16
    18
  • The Fertilizers and Feeding Stuffs Act 1906, amending and re-enacting the act of 1893, provided for the compulsory appointment by county councils of official samplers.
    10
    12
  • After the outbreak of the World War he endorsed the Administration's peace policy, supported the League to Enforce Peace, and urged that the national guard be tried fully before compulsory service be decided upon.
    3
    5
  • School attendance is compulsory between the ages of eight and fourteen, and is enforced by truant officers.
    0
    2
  • These advertisements prepared the ground for compulsory seat belt wearing in the front of the car.
    0
    2
  • Primary Inslruction.All primary public instruction is free and compulsory for children of both sexes between the ages of six and thirteen, but if a child can gain a certificate of primary studies at the age of eleven or after, he may be excused the rest of the period demanded by law.
    3
    6
  • The price is to be fixed by the Railway and Canal Commissioners as arbitrators on the basis of the " then value," exclusive of any allowance for past or future profits or any compensation for compulsory sale or other consideration.
    7
    10
  • As a general rule the annalists wrote in a spirit of uncritical patriotism, which led them to minimize or gloss over such disasters as the conquest of Rome by Porsena and the compulsory payment of ransom to the Gauls, and to flatter the people by exaggerated accounts of Roman prowess, dressed up in fanciful language.
    3
    6
  • The third, or major examination, which qualifies for registration as a pharmaceutical chemist, is not, like the minor, a compulsory one, but ranks as an honours examination.
    3
    6
  • Owing to the forced abstention from agricultural labour in the winter months the peasants of central Russia, more especially those of the governments of Moscow, Vladimir, Yaroslavl, Kostroma, Tver, Smolensk and Ryazan have for centuries carried on a variety of domestic handicrafts during the period of compulsory leisure.
    21
    24
  • In the republican chamber elected after the 16th of May, he became minister of public instruction (December 1877), and proposed var i ous republican laws, notably on compulsory primary education.
    2
    5
  • In the counties there is a board of education and there is also a local school committee of three in each township. The compulsory attendance at school of children between the ages of eight and fourteen for sixteen weeks each year by a state law is optional with each county.
    2
    5
  • The German system of compulsory education of every child above the age of six was introduced directly after the annexation.
    3
    6
  • The schools are open to all children between the ages of 5 and 20, and attendance for twenty-six weeks in each year is made compulsory for those who are between the ages of 8 and 15.
    3
    7
  • In addition to this there is compulsory service in the National Guard (a) in the first class, consisting of men between seventeen and thirty years of age, liable for service with the standing army, and numbering some 15,000; (b) in the second class, for departmental service only, except in so far as it may be drawn upon to make up losses in the more active units in time of war, consisting of men from thirty to forty-five years of age, and (c) in the third class, for local garrison duty, consisting of men between forty-five and sixty years old.
    3
    7
  • It is compulsory on owners to notify the authorities as to the existence of scab amongst their sheep. By the Diseases of Animals Act (1903) powers to prescribe the dipping of sheep, irrespective of the presence or otherwise of sheep scab, were conferred upon the Board of Agriculture.
    3
    7
  • The conquered peoples fell into an inferior caste, made to work for, and to pay for the subsistence of, their conquerors, as under the Arab domination; the principal taxes exacted from them were the kharaj, a tax of indeterminate amount upon realty, based on the value of lands owned by unbelievers - (in contradistinction to the tithe [ashar] which was a tax of fixed amount upon lands owned by believers) - and levied in payment of the privilege of gaining means of existence in a Mussulman country, and the jiziye, a compulsory payment, or poll-tax, to which believers were not subjected, in lieu of military service.
    4
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