Nor was their complexity a stumbling-block.
Local governing authorities now discharge economic functions of enormous importance and complexity, involving sums of money larger than sufficed to run important states a generation ago.
In a general way this greater complexity may be said to consist (I) in the restriction of regular absorption of water to those parts of the plant-body embedded in the soil, (2) in the evaporation of water from the parts exposed to the air (transpiration).
The intromittent organs of the male are remarkable for their complexity and elaboration.
So also any exhaustive survey of the temperature and salinity of the sea at a great number of points on and below the surface reveals a complexity of conditions that may defy mathematical analysis and could not easily be predicted.
Similarly, greater atomic complexity is reflected in a further decrease in the ratio C y /Cy.
Those Fungi which are saprophytic can only live when supplied with organic compounds of some complexity, which they derive from decomposing animal or vegetable matter.
Such " correlated variations " may attain to great size and complexity without being of use.
Organic life presents itself to him as a progressive scale of complexity determined by its final end, namely, man.'
The whole system was full of looseness, complexity and makeshifts.
If the magnitude and increasing complexity of these creations fails to impress you, the sheer quantity should suffice.
The leaf (phyllome) is an appendicular member only borne by a stem, but differing from it more or less obviously in form and development, though co-ordinate with it in complexity of structure.
The problem is a very difficult one and cannot be regarded as definitely settled, but it is difficult to understand why all this additional complexity in the division of the nucleus should be necessary if the final result is only a quantitative separation of the chromatin.
There were also extra charges under contingent regulations of great complexity, which commonly added 50 per cent.
The sporophyte is the plant which is differentiated into stem, leaf and root, which show a wonderful variety 01 form; the internal structure also shows increased complexity and variety as compared with the other group of vascular plants, the Pteridophyta.
Knowing the almost endless complexity of organic structures, realizing that man himself with all the mystery of his life and consciousness must be included in any explanation of the origin of living things, they preferred to regard living things as something apart from the rest of nature, specially cared for, specially created by a Divine Being.
Thus the histological differentiation of the sporogonium of the higher mosses is one of considerable complexity; but there is here even less reason to suppose that these tissues have any homology (phylogenetic community of origin) with the similar ones met with in the higher plants.
Palaeontological evidence conclusively proves that the surface of the earth has been successively occupied by vegetative forms of increasing complexity, rising from the simplest algae to the most highly organized flowering plant.
456) has given the formula Cp=6.5--aT, where a is a constant depending on the complexity of the molecule, as an expression for the molecular heat at constant pressure at any temperature T (reckoned on the absolute scale).
Structural complexity is brought about by the superposition of new variations on preceding ones.
A mass of living protoplasm is simply a molecular machine of great complexity, the total results of the working of which, or its vital phenomena, depend - on the one hand, Life con- of this water is absolutely incompatible with either moister by a ctual or potential life.
Thus Asclepiadeae and Orchideae owe their extraordinary floral complexity to adaptation to insect fertilization.
The reference seems to be not so much to the variety and complexity of phenomena as to the impossibility of construing them rationally or in such a way that man may foresee and provide for his future.
The true nature of this relation can be readily observed in other fields (ancient Britain, Greece, Egypt, &c.), where, however, the native documents and sources have not that complexity which characterizes the composite biblical history.
The observation of the gradations of structure, from extreme simplicity to very great complexity, presented by living things, and of the relation of these graduated forms to one another.
The complexity of modern knowledge and the interrelation of its different branches are often insufficiently realized, and that by writers who differ widely in the application of such material as they use to their particular views of the manifold problems of the Old Testament.
And without considering the multiplicity and complexity of the conditions any one of which taken separately may seem to be the cause, he snatches at the first approximation to a cause that seems to him intelligible and says: "This is the cause!"
The tides of the Atlantic Ocean are of great complexity.
As an example of the complexity of this system we may note the five oxides of nitrogen, which were symbolized as the first three representing the gaseous oxides, and the last two the liquid oxides.
Thus new land forms are created - valleys of curious complexity, for example by the " capture " and diversion of the water of one river by another, leading to a change of watershed.'
Soc. 63, p. 1089; 65, p. 167), whose results have thrown considerable light on the subject of the molecular complexity of liquids.
The species of Linnaeus were supposed to represent a series of steps in a scale of ascending complexity, and it was thought possible thus to arrange the animal kingdom in a single series - the orders within the classes succeeding one another in regular gradation, and the classes succeeding one another in a similar rectilinear progression.
Cullen drew out a classification of great and needless complexity, the chief part of which is now forgotten, but several of his main divisions are still preserved.
He recognizes gradations of things according to the degree of complexity of their movements and that of their conceptions.
The protoplasm is in a condition of instability and is continually breaking down to a certain extent, giving rise to various substances of different degrees of complexity, some of which are again built up by it into its own substances, and others, more simple in composition, are given off.
There is no conclusive ground for regarding the action of this change as having been direct, it is more reasonable to regard it as indirect, having acted as a general stimulus to which the ever-increasing complexity of the sporophyte was the response.
Along one line there was a gradual elaboration of the tube until it culminated, so far as structural complexity is concerned, in the so-called trapdoor nests or burrows of various families; along the other line the tubular retreat either retains its primitive simplicity in association with a new structure, the snare or net, or is entirely superseded by the latter.
By chemical warnings the defensive processes seem to be awakened, or summoned; and when we think of the infinite variety of such possible phases, and of the multitude of corresponding defensive agents, we may form some dim notion of the complexity of the animal blood and tissues, and within them of the organic molecules.
First (and perhaps earliest in time), the chambers are grouped round a central court, being engaged one with the other in a labyrinthine complexity, and the greater oblongs are entered from a long side and divided longitudinally by pillars.
The complete covariant and contravariant system includes no fewer than 34 forms; from its complexity it is desirable to consider the cubic in a simple canonical form; that chosen by Cayley was ax 3 +by 3 + cz 3 + 6dxyz (Amer.
The direct method of medusa-budding only differs from the polyp-bud by its greater complexity of parts and organs.
with another similar protoplast, which constitutes what we call fertilization, the next stage in complexity already noted may be observed, the protoplasm becoming clothed by a cell-membrane.
In extent, in altitude, in mass, in complexity and in geological interest, it is much the most important of the three systems. Almost all the mountains are very bold.
But the complexity of the idea of number is practically illustrated by the fact that it is best studied as a department of a science wider than itself.
The body of the sporophyte in the great majority of the vascular plants shows a considerable increase in complexity over that found in the gametophyte of Bryophytes.
A considerable evolution in complexity can be traced in passing from the simplest forms of xylem and phloem found in the primary vascular tissues both among Pteridophytes and Phanerogams to these highly differentiated types.
The superiority of animals to plants and metals in the possession of special organs of sense is connected with the greater complexity and heterogeneity of their structure.
It is inconceivable that external conditions can impart to an organism the capacity to develop something that it does not already possess: can impart to it, that is, the capacity for variation in the direction of higher complexity.
In the earliest times for which we have abundant material the economic life of England had already reached in certain directions a high degree of complexity.
With Sydney Young and others he investigated the critical state and properties of liquids and the relationship between their vapour pressures and temperature, and with John Shields he applied measurements of the surface tension of liquids to the determination of their molecular complexity.
Most of the simple ring systems which contain two adjacent carbon atoms may suffer fusion with any other ring (also containing two adjacent carbon atoms) with the production of nuclei of greater complexity.
Napoleon's solution grew, as time went on and circumstances changed, in scope and complexity.
It affects many or nearly all the structures of the body, but leaves some, it may be only one, at a high level of elaboration and complexity.
Arcana were often shown to be such by their physical properties, not only by such as heat, cold, &c., but by fortuitous resemblances to certain parts of the body; thus arose the famous doctrine of "signatures," or signs indicating the virtues and uses of natural objects, which was afterwards developed into great complexity.
Thus the reciprocity of the various organs, maintained throughout the divisions of physiological labour, is not merely a mechanical stability; it is also a mutual equilibration in functions incessantly at work on chemical levels, and on those levels of still higher complexity which seem to rise as far beyond chemistry as chemistry beyond physics.
It is in this department, from its abstruseness and complexity, that we should expect the advance of anatomy and physiology - normal and morbid - to be most delayed.
Highly complex as are all animal tissues, or nearly all, yet in this category of high complexity are degrees higher and higher again of which we can form little conception, so elaborate they are, so peculiar in their respective properties, and probably so fugitive.
On the other hand, the reagents by which such modifications are apt to be produced are not necessarily simple; many of them likewise are known to be of very high degrees of complexity, approaching perhaps in complexity the molecules to which they are akin.
The early history of the parishes of London is one of great difficulty and complexity.
The Zulu possess an elaborate system of laws regulating the inheritance of personal property (which consists chiefly of cattle), the complexity arising from the practice of polygamy and the exchange of cattle made upon marriage.
The process can be almost indefinitely repeated and canes formed of extreme complexity.
Almost all the institutions of modern states go back to the curia regis, branching off from it at different dates as the growing complexity of business forced differentiation of function and personnel.
Others again consider that the whole cycle is a metamorphosis which, beginning in the Heterocotylea as a direct development, has become complicated in the Holostomidae by a larval history, and finally in the Malacocotylea has acquired additional complexity by the intercalation of two larval forms, and is thus spread over several generations.
Therefore science will begin with those attributes of objects which are most general, and pass on gradually to other attributes that are combined in greater complexity.
With this may be compared a passage in the Ursprung der Sprache, where there is a curious adumbration of Spencer's idea that intelligence, as distinguished from instinct, arises from a growing complexity of action, or, to use Herder's words, from the substitution of a more for a less contracted sphere.
It is only by a gradual process that social science in its whole complexity can be evolved.
The surface arrangements of a modern deep colliery are of considerable extent and complexity, the central feature being the head gear or pit frame carrying the guide pulleys Surface which lead the winding roes from the axis of the it arrange= g P P to the drum.
The complexity of administrative areas, though far less than in England, was simplified, and the census compilation proportionately facilitated, by the passing of the Local Government Act for Scotland, in 1889.
This difference is due in part to the greater scope and complexity of the American census, and in part to the fact that in the United States the field work is done by well-paid enumerators, while in England it is done in most cases by the heads of families, who are not paid.
The native Chinese zodiacal system was of unexampled complexity.
The greatest obstacle to such a search for the fundamental medium is the illimitable complexity of matter, as contrasted with the theoretical simplicity and uniformity of the physical agencies which connect together its different parts.
In the middle empire (VIIth to XIIth Dynasties) the lay element maintains its position in religious cultus despite its complexity.
In degree of complexity of internal structure galls differ considerably.
Chaetomys, distinguished by the shape of its skull and the greater complexity of its teeth, contains C. subspinosus, a native of the hottest parts of Brazil.
Cardium belongs to the order of Lamellibranchia in which the gills present the maximum of complexity, the original vertical filaments of which they are composed being united by interfilamentar and interlamellar junctions.
In addition to the tentacles, the margin of the umbrella bears sense-organs, which may be of several kinds and may attain a high degree of complexity.
The complexity of the glacial period and its subdivision into several glacial epochs, separated by interglacial epochs of considerable length (certainly longer than the postglacial epoch) has a structural consequence in the superposition of successive till sheets, alternating with non-glacial deposits, and also a physiographic consequence in the very different amount of normal postglacial erosion suffered by the different parts of the glacial deposits.
The teeth of the molar series gradually increase in size and complexity from first to last, and are arranged in contiguous series, except that the first lower premolar is separated by an interval from the second.
The complexity of the conditions of life in the 20th century may be well illustrated from the grain trade of the world.
The complexity of the search form depends entirely on what the programmer needs to accomplish.
If you are feeling really adventurous, discover the surprising harmony and complexity of an avocado, grapefruit and lettuce salad with citrus dressing.
The complexity of composition militates in a great measure against a rational classification of albumins by purely chemical considerations.
The complexity and mystery of action inherent in living matter have probably been accountable for much of the vague philosophy of disease in the past, and have furnished one reason at least why pathology has been so long in asserting its independence as a science.
The roof carpentry of the barn is especially important, as there are few examples of this size and complexity left in England.
Others are devoted to the work of carrying it to the protoplasts situated in the interior and at the extremities of the plant, a conducting system of considerable complexity being the result.
Its complexity reflects the corresponding intricacy of geographical and geological evolution.
The function of the British navy in the long conflict with Napoleon was of the first importance, and its services were rendered in every sea, but their very number, extent and complexity render it impossible here to record them in detail.
The general plan of treatment is dietetic rather than pharmaceutical, though the art of preparing drugs had reached a high degree of complexity at Salerno.
reveals its secondary nature by some small and apparently meaningless complexity.
The dentition is peculiar on account of the great size and complexity of the last upper molar, which is composed of about twelve plates, and exceeds in length the three teeth in front.
Considering the complexity of the subject it is not surprising that the efforts to connect theoretically the possible periods of the atom considered as a vibrating system have met with no considerable success.
R'; the yield increases with the complexity of the organic residue of the acid amide.
The complexity of the task was further increased by the fact that in many places early Greek work had later Greek on top of it, or late Greek work had been overlaid with Roman.
Meanwhile differences in consistency appear in various strata, and a dense outer protective layer (peridium), soft gelatinous layers, and so on are formed, the whole eventually attaining great complexity - e.g.
We have thus a series showing a progressive reduction in the complexity of the life-history, the lepto and micro forms having a life-history like that of the Basidiomycetes.
Like these they require water, small but indispensable quantities of salts of potassium, magnesium, sulphur and phosphorus, and supplies of carbonaceous and nitrogenous materials in different stages of complexity in the different cases.
Finally, the improvement in the quality of the iron which resulted from thus completely freeing it from the gangue turned out to be a great and unexpected merit of the indirect process, probably the merit which enabled it, in spite of its complexity, to drive out the direct process.
The root idea arises from the analogy of the acts of human beings which are observed to have certain purposes: hence it was natural to assume that the whole sum of existence with its amazing complexity and its orderly progress can be explained only on the assumption of a similar plan devised by a conscious agent.
In the dog it has been proved that after removal from the animal of every vestige of its cortex cerebri, it still executes habitual acts of great motor complexity requiring extraordinarily delicate adjustment of muscular contraction.
Actions of great complexity and delicacy of adjustment are daily executed by each of us without what is ordinarily understood as volition, and without more than a mere shred of memory attached thereto.
After this the tombs increase in size and complexity.
If we reflect on the multitude and complexity of such actions and reactions in operation from the youngest stages to the end of the life of each individual, we cannot be surprised at any correlation.
But it is always tending to vary as to the degree of importance attached to some particular one of the details, as to the size and complexity of the particular groups in which each detail ought to be observed.
Of course there were many false methods of attacking the art-problem, and many other relationships, true and false, between the complexity of the settings of the various parts of the Mass and of motets.
At the same time, the complexity of the vicissitudes of traditions, exemplified in modern Palestine itself, cannot be ignored.'
There are many other systems, based on various principles, which have been given for application to geometry of directed lines, but those which deal with products of lines are all of such complexity as to be practically useless in application.
Also, everything relating to change of systems of axes, as for instance in the kinematics of a rigid system, where we have constantly to consider one set of rotations with regard to axes fixed in space, and another set with regard to axes fixed in the system, is a matter of troublesome complexity by the usual methods.
In a general survey of the life of this period, as it is revealed by the fossils, three outstanding facts are apparent: (I) the great divergence between the Cambrian fauna and that of the present day; (2) the Cambrian life assemblage differs in no marked manner from that of the succeeding Ordovician and Silurian periods; there is a certain family likeness which unites all of them; (3) the extraordinary complexity and diversity not only in the assemblage as a whole but within certain limited groups of organisms. Although in the Cambrian strata we have the oldest known fossiliferous rocks - if we leave out of account the very few and very obscure organic remains hitherto recorded from the pre-Cambrian - yet we appear to enter suddenly into the presence of a world richly peopled with a suite of organisms already far advanced in differentiation; the Cambrian fauna seems to be as far removed from what must have been the first forms of life, as the living forms of this remote period are distant from the creatures of to-day.
It is to be noticed, moreover, that all available tests apply only to the scheme as a whole; owing to the complexity of phenomena we cannot submit any one of its postulates to verification apart from the rest.
Thus the geographical isolation of England, and the comparatively late adoption by the English of matured Italian and German influences, give peculiar complexity to the phenomena of Reformation and Renaissance simultaneously developed on our island.
The movements of the waters are of great irregularity and complexity, rendering navigation difficult and dangerous.
Dues of various kinds were gradually added to the land revenue, until, as in the later Egyptian monarchy, the forms of revenue reached a bewildering complexity.
1 Nature thus presented itself to Bacon's mind as a huge congeries of phenomena, the manifestations of some simple and primitive qualities, which were hid from us by the complexity of the things themselves.
In this adjustment the lowest stage is taken by 'reflex action and instinct, where Spencer the change of the organs is purely automatic. As the external complexity increases, this automatic regularity fails; there is only an incipient excitation of the nerves.
It is thus evident that the explanation of natural immunity in any given instance may be a matter of difficulty and much complexity.
If he lacks the genius of Claudian, he also lacks his overloaded gaudiness and his large exaggeration, and the directness of Rutilius shines by comparison with the laboured complexity of Ausonius.
Thebaine is not so used, but is an important and sometimes very dangerous constituent of the various opium preparations, which are still largely employed, despite the complexity and inconstant composition of the drug.
The gastrovascular system shows every degree of complexity from a very primitive to a highly elaborate type of structure.
of the umbrella, EU, Ve, Fr, Tc, The ocelli vary greatly both as regards number and complexity of structure.
The brain, or supra-oesophageal ganglion, shows various degrees of complexity.
In man, both size and complexity contribute to the increased area of the cortex or outer layer of the brain, which has been fully ascertained to be the seat of the mysterious processes by which sensation furnishes the groundwork of thought.
As the brains of the vertebrate animals form an ascending scale, more and more approaching man's in their arrangement, the fact here finds its explanation, that lower animals perform mental processes corresponding in their nature to our own, though of generally less power and complexity.
In such species there is a more or less regular annual increase in the complexity of the antlers up to a certain period of life, after which they begin to degenerate."
Both ideas, or both modes of expressing what is fundamentally the same idea, have this in common, that life is not a sum of the qualities of the chemical elements contained in protoplasm, but a function first of the peculiar architecture of the mixture, and then of the high complexity of the compounds contained in the mixture.
The qualities of water are no sum of the qualities of oxygen and hydrogen, and still less can we expect to explain the qualities of life without regard to the immense complexity of the living substance.
The action of quinine on the blood itself - quite apart from its action on malarial blood - is of great complexity and importance.
Both the milk and the permanent dentition display the aforesaid complexity of the hinder teeth as compared with those in front, and since the number of milk-teeth is always considerably less than that of the permanent set, it follows that the hinder milkteeth are usually more complex than the teeth of which they are the predecessors in the permanent series, and represent functionally, not their immediate successors, but those more posterior permanent teeth which have no direct predecessors.
It is only in herbivorous mammals that the caecum is developed to this great extent, and among these there is a complementary relationship between the size and complexity of the organ and that of the stomach.
From this ancestor Arthropods with heads of varying degrees of complexity have been developed characteristic of the different classes, whilst the parapodia and somites of the body have become variously modified and grouped in these different classes.
The hypothesis, that even our most profound and sublime speculations are all limited to data of the senses and of reflection, is crucially tested by the " modes " and " substances " and " relations " under which, in various degrees of complexity, we somehow find ourselves obliged to conceive those simple phenomena.
It is clear then that the complexity of the subject-matter of ethics is such that no sharply defined boundary lines can be drawn between it and other branches of inquiry.
The historically important characteristics of his moral philosophy, if we take (as we must) his teaching and character together, may be summarized as follows: - (i) an ardent inquiry for knowledge nowhere to be found, but which, if found, would perfect human conduct; (2) a demand meanwhile that men should act as far as possible on some consistent theory; (3) a provisional adhesion to the commonly received view of good, in all its incoherent complexity, and a perpetual readiness to maintain the harmony of its different elements, and demonstrate the superiority of virtue by an appeal to the standard of selfinterest; (4) personal firmness, as apparently easy as it was actually invincible, in carrying out consistently such practical convictions as he had attained.
They begin, for the most part, with a belief that in ethics as in other departments of human knowledge " the more developed must be interpreted by the less developed " - though frequently in the sequel complexity or posteriority of development is erected as a standard by means of which to judge the process of development itself.
Finally it has become apparent that many problems hitherto left for political economy to solve belong more properly to the moralist, if not to the moral philosopher, and it may be confidently expected that with the increased complexity of social life and the disappearance of many sanctions of morality hitherto regarded as inviolable, the future will bring a renewed and practical 1 Cf.
While shrewdness, plain straightforwardness, and a certain stern way of looking at life are common to both, the Icelandic school adds a complexity of structure and ornament, an elaborate mythological and enigmatical phraseology, and a regularity of rhyme, assonance, luxuriance, quantity and syllabification, which it caught from the Latin and Celtic poets, and adapted with exquisite ingenuity to its own main object, that of securing the greatest possible beauty of sound.
The computations required in such work are of extreme complexity, and the labour required is still further increased by the fact that cases are rather exceptional in which the results reached by one generation will not have to be revised and reconstructed by another; processes which may involve the repetition of the entire work.
The complexity of the problem will be seen by reflecting that the temperature of the air inside the telescope is not without its effect.
We may conclude the ancient history of the lunar theory by saying that the only real progress from Hipparchus to Newton consisted in the more exact determination of the mean motions of the moon, its perigee and its line of nodes, and in the discovery of three inequalities, the representation of which required geometrical constructions increasing in complexity with every step.
When the gravity of the charge and the complexity of the evidence are considered, the acquittal of Aeschines by a narrow majority must be deemed his condemnation.
The technical investigation of the literary problems (especially the extent of the earlier sources) is a work of great complexity, and, for ordinary purposes, it is more important to obtain a preliminary appreciation of the general features of the contents of Genesis.
When, however, the field is very small, or when the primitive light is white so that interference is only visible for small relative retardations, the problem becomes in many cases one of far less complexity.
One reason was the intellectual difficulty of the subject and the double-faced character of all arguments from statistics, which were either incomprehensible or disputable; another was the fact that substantially this was a political movement, and that tariff reform was, after all, only one in a complexity of political issues, most of which during this period were being interpreted by the electorate in a sense hostile to the Unionist party.
6-8) illustrates the complexity of the Deuteronomic sources.
Almost all strobili of the Calamarieae are constructed on the same general lines as those of Equisetum, with which some agree exactly; in most, however, the organization was more complex, the complexity consisting in the intercalation of whorls of sterile bracts, between those of the sporangiophores.
The Palaeozoic Calamarieae, though so far surpassing recent Equisetaceae, both in stature and complexity of organization, clearly belonged to the same class of Vascular Cryptogams. There is no satisfactory evidence for attributing Phanerogamic e bn FIG.
In the Aglossa, which are remarkable for the large size and complexity of the larynx, the thyro-hyal bones are incorporated into the laryngeal apparatus, whilst the recently discovered Hymenochirus is further remarkable for the large size and ossification of the hyoidean cornua (ceratohyals), a feature tt; which, though not un 3 E /L?_ n.s.c s4.
But in the Labyrinthodonta, grooves are more or less marked along the teeth and give rise to folds of the wall which, extending inwards and ramifying, produce the complicated structure, exhibited by transverse sections, whence these batrachians derive their name; a somewhat similar complexity of structure is known in some holoptychian (dendrodont) Crossopterygian fishes.
Furnaces are constructed according to many different patterns with varying degrees of complexity in arrangement; but all may be considered as combining three essential parts, namely, the fire-place in which the fuel is consumed, the heated chamber, laboratory, hearth or working bed, as it is variously called, where the heat is applied to the special work for which the furnace is designed, and the apparatus for producing rapid combustion by the supply of air under pressure to the fire.
Programmers appreciate the complexity of interacting systems.
Chaos and complexity can both be viewed as a theory of formal social systems.
used wisely argumentation supports geographers in thinking deeply about the complexity of places.
belies the complexity of what is going on inside.
Regulations remain a blunt instrument, unable to cope with the complexity and needs of modern biomedicine.
Byzantine complexity, it needs reform.
Williams was an extraordinary person, a writer and thinker of unique charisma and complexity, whose life was rich and tumultuous.
collected papers on Cellular Automata and Complexity An extensive set of pages on Cellular Automata and their uses.
But beside consistency checks, there are other, often overlooked, sources of complexity that are purely combinatorial.
complexity of the interactions taking place is a dialectical one.
complexity of the compression algorithm, PNG's developers decided not to include multiple image support (animation ).
complexity of the tasks the organization performs positively affects how they couple.
complexity of certain phenomena.
complexity of the relationships between users of annotation in the VLE does not necessarily reflect a typical situation.
complexity of ecosystems.
No one should underestimate the complexity of the investment program we are taking forward in our public services.
One benefit is making people appreciate the complexity of interacting systems.
We are able to handle projects both large and small and of varying complexity.
The theory of computational complexity is the investigation of the time, or memory required for solving computational problems.
He believes that the irreducible complexity of cellular structures point firmly to them having been designed.
The use of viewpoints is widely advocated for managing the inherent complexity in enterprise architecture.
And handling the sheer complexity of changes in personal finances after re-starting work will make big demands.
Manlove, D.F. (1999) On the algorithmic complexity of twelve covering and independence parameters of graphs.
The added complexity of a thread throws up a number of problems.
complexity theory help the regeneration world see the wood from the trees?
complexity science is a fad.
comprehend the complexity of the mixed economy being produced by post-Fordism.
This is dependent on the reason for input, the complexity of the care required, any complicating factors and patient concordance.
consecration date " adds a new element of complexity in the drama of ecclesiology in the United States " .
The complexity of this governmental maze is increased by the fact that the borders of the various bodies are not necessarily coterminous.
daunted by the complexity and expense of ICT?
deceived by an appearance of complexity, where there is none.
decodever, this is not practical due to the complexity of the decoding algorithm.
There are other ways to look at the complexity of the music, which might break this degeneracy and tell you more interesting things.
This complexity has thus far proven as resistant to detailed chemical characterization as it is to microbial degradation.
Using multiple wavelength division with highly dispersive components may allow spatial coverage with a minimum of complexity and specialist components.
Einstein quantum theory COMPLEXITY AT LOW REYNOLDS NUMBER.
Rev. Lett., 30 April 2001.) atomic physics computers Einstein quantum theory COMPLEXITY AT LOW REYNOLDS NUMBER.
Physics is a classic example of complexity in studies.
We are now embarking on an investigation into an altogether higher level of complexity in maintaining mutual exclusivity in signaling.
explicate this relationship in all its complexity, I will proceed in four steps.
The type of internal fixation used is determined by the complexity of the fracture.
The research will utilize complexity theory as a lens to focus on governance frameworks.
futurist artists sought a visual language to convey the dynamism and complexity of the contemporary world.
Genetic complexity of Plasmodium falciparum gametocytes isolated from the peripheral blood of treated Gambian children.
The late glacial in Europe: pathways to complexity?
Hugh range of developments, whatever their scale, complexity or industry sector.
What you have is a 12th Century example of the complexity of Byzantine icons.
The Euston group, like the mainstream anti-war movement, appears incapable of grasping the world in its many-sided complexity.
irreducible complexity, the entire ensemble of proteins is not needed.
Memory usage is approximately linear in RE size, and largely insensitive to RE complexity, except for bounded repetitions.
HOWTOs How to create a logger The options below give you various choices, in more or less increasing complexity.
Some seem almost magical in their simplicity or complexity.
mind-boggling complexity need not be rehearsed here.
monoclinic crystal that has two trimers in the cryst. a.u. hence the complexity!
First there is the complexity of the human nervous system.
Reasons for this include the relative novelty of the specification and its high level of complexity.
The medicinal uses od wild plants thus remain ultimately paradoxical, and their underlying complexity, wonderful and often unacknowledged.
Susan Hiller has sought a complexity of theory and practice in her large oeuvre of work.
Tasting Note: Wonderfully opulent and perfumed on the nose with dollops of honey allied to blossom and spicy complexity.
Issues of cost However, the complexity argument may have been somewhat overstated.
parlance of complexity theory, cyberspace is an emergent phenomena, something that is more than the sum of its parts.
physics computers Einstein quantum theory COMPLEXITY AT LOW REYNOLDS NUMBER.
pigeonhole principle is related to approximate counting whose exact complexity is unknown.
For me, Torres was the turning point; its elegance, its complexity, its depth, its stackable plastic towers (!
Going Beyond the ' Complexity Effect ' with an Agent-Based Computational prototype.
The terminology of ethnicity and immigration remains a quagmire of complexity and entrapment.
In fact you could even say Caravaggio occupies an altogether higher realm of complexity.
The number of academic and practitioner reviewers in each team reflects the size, range and complexity of the education provided.
Given the complexity face problems obtaining corrupt organizations RICO.
The complexity and visually seductive nature of computer graphics makes it easy to mislead viewers that there is rigorous science underlying it all.
No, there have been no recorded instances of the internet developing sentience due to it's complexity.
However, as the size increases sot does the complexity of creating an index for manipulating such representations, and searching this index.
surprising in view of their structural complexity, ' says McGrath.
tiff representation) reveals the complexity of the internal structure.
The western philosophical tradition is always trying to simplify things by filtering out all the complexity, the crowds, the people.
trope of darkness with some degree of complexity.
Of central importance is the underlying complexity of the format and this suggests a typology of metadata along the continuum from simplicity to complexity.
underscore the complexity of disease generation by pathogens.
unprecedented in terms of its procedural and legal complexity and extends unfamiliar areas of law to millions of people.
Produced from 50 year-old vines it offers real complexity.
worst-case complexity because T (n) must be as large as the time taken by any input of length n.
yeasty complexity and a deliciously soft rounded palate.
The more specialized of the two species is the Indian or Asiatic elephant, Elephas maximus, specially characterized by the extreme complexity of the structure of its molar teeth, which are composed of a great number of tall and thin plates of enamel and dentine, with the intervals filled by cement (see Proboscidea, fig.
The accurate investigation of the lowest forms of animal life, commenced by Leeuwenhoek and Swammerdam, and continued by the remarkable labours of Reaumur, Abraham Trembley, Bonnet, and a host of other observers in the latter part of the 17th and the first half of the 18th centuries, drew the attention of biologists to the gradation in the complexity of organization which is presented by living beings, and culminated in the doctrine of the echelle des titres, so powerfully and clearly stated by Bonnet, and, before him, adumbrated by Locke and by Leibnitz.
Looking back over the progress of form and tissue-differentiation in the Thallophyta, we find that, starting from the simplest unicellular forms with no external differentiation of the body, we can trace an increase in complexity of organization everywhere determined by the principles of the division of physiological labor and of the adaptation of the organism to the needs of its environment.
Bryophyta.The Bryophyta (Hepaticae) and Mosses (Musci)], the first group of mainly terrestrial plants, exhibit considerably more advanced tissue differentiation, in response to the greater complexity in the conditions of life on.
Polycycly was derived independently from monocycly in solenostelic and in dictyostelic forms. In the formation of the stem of any fern characterized in the adult condition by one of the more advanced types of vascular structure all stages of increase in complexity from the haplostele of the first-formed stem to the particular condition characteristic of the adult stem are gradually passed through by a series of changes exactly parallel with those which we are led to suppose, from the evidence obtained by a comparison of the adult forms, must have taken place in the evolution of the race, There is no more striking case in the plantkingdom of the parallel between ontogeny (development of the individual) and phylogeny (development of the race) so well known in many groups of animals.
They attained the highest degree of structural complexity in the Bennettiteae, which have been thought even to foreshadow a floral organization.
The development of culture is to a certain extent a question of race, and although forming one species, the varieties of mandiffer in almost imperceptible gradations with a complexity defying classification (see Anthropology).
Magnus; periodic acid, discovered by the latter, is characterized by the striking complexity of its salts as pointed out by Kimmins.
It may be generally concluded that the substitution of alkyl, nitro, hydroxyl, and haloid groups for hydrogen in a molecule occasions a deformation of crystal structure in one definite direction, hence permitting inferences as to the configuration of the atoms composing the crystal; while the nature and degree of the alteration depends (1) upon the crystal structure of the unsubstituted compound; (2) on the nature of the substituting radicle; (3) on the complexity of the substituted molecule; and (4) on the orientation of the substitution derivative.
If the environment be complex, there is a corresponding complexity in instinctive behaviour.
The spiders are specialized and reduced in apparent complexity, as compared with the scorpions, but they cannot be regarded as degenerate since the concentration of structure which occurs in them results in greater efficiency and power than are exhibited by the scorpion.
Races.-One of the prominent features of Hungary being the great complexity of the races residing in it (see map, " Distribution of ' See the table in Seton-Watson's Racial Problems in Hungary, Appendix xiii.
The theoretical assumptions of Newton and Euler (hypotheses magis mathematicae quam naturales) of a resistance varying as some simple power of the velocity, for instance, as the square or cube of the velocity (the quadratic or cubic law), lead to results of great analytical complexity, and are useful only for provisional extrapolation at high or low velocity, pending further experiment.
The phase rule combined with the latent heat equation enables us to trace the general phenomena of equilibrium in solutions, and to elucidate and classify cases even of great complexity.
Recollection of the extraordinary complexity of the problems which are involved in the whole question of pain of cardiac origin will emphasize the extreme vagueness of the above assertion.
The other mountain-systems display great complexity of formation; beginning with the Dinaric Alps and the parallel ranges of Bosnia, they run, as a rule, from north-west to south-east; the great chain of Rhodope traverses the centre of the Peninsula, throwing out spurs towards the Black Sea and the Aegean; farther west are the lofty Shar Dagh and the mountains of Montenegro and Albania, continued by the Pindus range and the heights of Acarnania and Aetolia.
Its chief ideas are - (1) That, owing partly to the want of ability in historians, and partly to the complexity of social phenomena, extremely little had as yet been done towards discovering the principles which govern the character and destiny of nations, or, in other words, towards establishing a science of history; (2) That, while the theological dogma of predestination is a barren hypothesis beyond the province of knowledge, and the metaphysical dogma of free will rests on an erroneous belief in the infallibility of consciousness, it is proved by science, and especially by statistics, that human actions are governed by laws as fixed and regular as those which rule in the physical world; (3) That climate, soil, food, and the aspects of nature are the primary causes of intellectual progress, - the first three indirectly, through determining the accumulation and distribution of wealth, and the last by directly influencing the accumulation and distribution of thought, the imagination being stimulated and the understanding subdued when the phenomena of the external world are sublime and terrible, the understanding being emboldened and the imagination curbed when they are small and feeble; (4) That the great division between European and non-European civilization turns on the fact that in Europe man is stronger than nature, and that elsewhere nature is stronger than man, the consequence of which is that in Europe alone has man subdued nature to his service; (5) That the advance of European civilization is characterized by a continually diminishing influence of physical laws, and a continually increasing influence of mental laws; (6) That the mental laws which regulate the progress of society cannot be discovered by the metaphysical method, that is, by the introspective study of the individual mind, but only by such a comprehensive survey of facts as will enable us to eliminate disturbances, that is, by the method of averages; (7) That human progress has been due, not to moral agencies, which are stationary, and which balance one another in such a manner that their influence is unfelt over any long period, but to intellectual activity, which has been constantly varying and advancing: - "The actions of individuals are greatly affected by their moral feelings and passions; but these being antagonistic to the passions and feelings of other individuals, are balanced by them, so that their effect is, in the great average of human affairs, nowhere to be seen, and the total actions of mankind, considered as a whole, are left to be regulated by the total knowledge of which mankind is possessed"; (8) That individual efforts are insignificant in the great mass of human affairs, and that great men, although they exist, and must "at present" be looked upon as disturbing forces, are merely the creatures of the age to which they belong; (9) That religion, literature and government are, at the best, the products and not the causes of civilization; (10) That the progress of civilization varies directly as "scepticism," the disposition to doubt and to investigate, and inversely as "credulity" or "the protective spirit," a disposition to maintain, without examination, established beliefs and practices.
In general structure they all closely resemble human beings, as in the absence of tails; in their semi-erect position (resting on finger-tips or knuckles); in the shape of vertebral column, sternum and pelvis; in the adaptation of the arms for turning the palm uppermost at will; in the possession of a long vermiform appendix to the short caecum of the intestine; in the size of the cerebral hemispheres and the complexity of their convolutions.
The size, complexity and nature of the work being undertaken reflecting the seniority of the competent person.
No, there have been no recorded instances of the internet developing sentience due to it 's complexity.
The order of increasing complexity is: single Gaussian, skew Gaussian, Cauchy function, double Gaussian, multiple Gaussian.
This is quite surprising in view of their structural complexity, ' says McGrath.
The Edge of Organization: Chaos and Complexity Theories of Formal Social Systems.
Juxtaposition of a central section and a surface view in Panel B (tiff representation) reveals the complexity of the internal structure.
French and American oak fermentation provides more complexity and a rich toasty finish.
The Western philosophical tradition is always trying to simplify things by filtering out all the complexity, the crowds, the people.
Nonetheless, the reviews do organize a semantic field around the trope of darkness with some degree of complexity.
These two cases underscore the complexity of disease generation by pathogens.
This change is unprecedented in terms of its procedural and legal complexity and extends unfamiliar areas of law to millions of people.
This is called worst-case complexity because T (n) must be as large as the time taken by any input of length n.
Tasting Notes: A lively persistent fizz with rich, yeasty complexity and a deliciously soft rounded palate.
The complexity of the Chinese language flummox me.
This breakthrough reduced both the cost and complexity of IVF treatment ensuring that almost anyone might one day achieve pregnancy and create a family.
Learning how to buy a mattress is comparable in complexity to buying a car.
Cell phone games are everywhere and they have grown in scope, complexity, and variety since the days of "Snake" on now-vintage monochrome Nokia cell phones.
Like cat trees and cat condos, kitty gyms can vary in their design's complexity.
The complexity of these calculations is challenging even when using a regular calculator to do the math for you.
The amount of time it takes depends on the complexity of your case.
The first step in trying to understand global warming is to recognize the complexity of the issue.
It is also necessary to think about the complexity of the relationships between the plants and animals in any given ecosystem.
While these developments add to the complexity of the decision, they also add to the range of options available to parents.
The way that these scents are blended will give the oil complexity.
The type of virtual pet that you adopt determines its complexity and interactivity.
Chinese food is respected around the world, and many feel it is one of the finest cuisines around, rivaling French for complexity, taste, and texture.
With the increasing complexity of modern life, the pressure to be constantly multitasking, prioritizing, and increasing productivity can increase stress to unbearable levels.
Some experts advise on spending according to the overall cost and complexity of the wedding rehearsal.
Fillings provide a sweet surprise for the guests, while adding complexity to the overall flavor of the dessert.
With prices to match the complexity of the colors, these thin tights are a great way to accessorize outfits for spring and summer.
It is important to stress that this is a simplification; there was internal complexity within, and interchange between, the two systems of meaning.
Despite its apparent complexity, she eats and re-builds it every day, so you haven't cost her too much extra work.
So when you're strumming the chords and singing along to this classic song, make sure you are aware of the whole story, as it adds a depth and a complexity to the historical period of the early 1970s in which Sweet Home Alabama was born.
All of these items can be relocated, but they add a degree of complexity to the project and will most likely require the services of a professional.
It's a dirty and difficult job, and the complexity and variety of plumbing products on the market reflects how important plumbing is to our daily lives.
Board games - Depending on the complexity of the game, some board games may be suitable for patients with early dementia.
On the flip side, many action games do not have the same kind of complexity when it comes to improving your character's attributes.
Complexity: Compared to the plug and play mechanism incorporated by consoles, PC's take infinitely more work to get up and running perfectly.
The Drop Ship video game for the Sony PlayStation 2 is often applauded for its fantastic realism and utter complexity.
It's this sense of variety, combined with the realism and complexity involved with keeping track of your AI-controlled allies that has given Dropship such a positive reception among the flight-loving PS2 gaming community.
Unbelievably simple yet it retains the complexity that has often been lacking in MMO's recently in terms of story development and gameplay.
This increased complexity can be very daunting for novices, young children, and older gamers!
Pokémon manages to keep the charm of role playing games without all the complexity.
Because it is a free video game, however, you shouldn't expect very much in terms of depth or complexity.
Forget the complexity of chess, and the over-simplified connect four; checkers is the one timeless board game that can enthrall any two players, regardless of age.
They may not have the same kind of length and complexity as a full comic book, but their shorter lengths are perfect for the Internet environment.
Introducing both accessibility and complexity, they became more than just a computer geek's obsession.
A simple answer to a simple question: complexity.
Something is between the gamer and the game, adding one level of complexity to the cycle of getting the good stuff.
If they want complexity, give them that option.
Its subtle mix of real time strategy gaming and town management is simple enough for anyone to dive into, yet there's enough complexity to keep you coming back for more.
They can take on incredibly varied storylines, settings, and levels of complexity.
This shape allows the fruit aromas to fully develop prior to the tannins, giving the wine more complexity.
If you are looking for a solid red table wine with enough complexity to keep you from longing for its pricier cousins, give the Yellow Tail Shiraz a try.
I've never tried a Carmenere that wowed me with its complexity but I've always been satisfied -- it is just good, rustic, single-dimensional grape juice that I can imagine drinking from a Bota bag while tramping in the hills.
Typical for a wine of its price it does not possess a great deal of complexity but that doesn't really matter as this wine is a great example of how wonderful minimally oaked Merlot can be.
There's not a lot of intellectual complexity here but this is an easy-to-like Zin with smooth tannins and not much bite in its finish.
For the price this Chardonnay has more complexity than one expects.
Nice complexity and an appealing Shiraz representative.
There are bits of cherry and chocolate and shades of earthy underbrush that add complexity to the structure.
While dominated by Cabernet Sauvignon, small percentages of Merlot, Cabernet Franc, and Petit Verdot are added for complexity and roundness.
Oxygenating the wine is what allows it to breathe quickly so that it can and more flavor, nuance and complexity.
Although a cigar does go nicely with Cognac, it can mask some of the nuances and complexity that it has to offer, so if you're new to the brandy thing, hold off on the cigar until you've enjoyed a few sips of this beauty.
The complexity and aromatics and other "yummy" characteristics will be, again, lost in the boldness of the smoky barbeque.
The wines you are looking for in a barbeque are bold (so it can stand up to the rich flavors) and uncomplicated (meaning that you don't always have to go for the depth and complexity factor).
If you buy a bottle of young Pinot Noir, expect it to be full of ripe berry flavors with forward fruit and little complexity.
We plant our vines densely to ensure that each vine produces fruit with intense flavor and complexity.
Adding to the complexity of the answer is the fact that every antique has several different kinds of monetary values.
Depending on the phone, the process may be a little different and it may have varying levels of complexity.
Depending on the model and complexity of your phone, these codes can usually be purchased for $20 or less.
Parents should, therefore, be advised that despite the complexity of testing for mitochondrial disorders, diagnosis is not always possible.
In addition, however, developmental changes occur in the structure and quality of peer interactions that affect the complexity of skills contributing to social competence.
The Down syndrome adolescent with an IQ of around 50 points does not seem to progress beyond the grammatical level of the normally intelligent child at three years, with short sentences that are restricted in variety and complexity.
This type of reduction is performed for fractures of the nasal bones that are limited in size and complexity.
More commonly, however, the disease has a severe impact on families because of the length and complexity of treatment as well as the possibility of complications from the disease itself and side effects from the medications.
Because of the diversity of types of mental disorders influenced by psychosocial factors, and the complexity of diagnosis and treatment, the prognosis for psychosocial disorders is highly variable.
This is because the implant's limited number of electrodes cannot hope to match the complexity of a human's 15,000 hair cells.
IEPs vary widely in length and complexity according to the type of disability.
However, because of the complexity of the disorder, a correct diagnosis can be delayed for several years or more.
This is one of the ways that the I Ching builds complexity by creating layers of meaning as part of the process of divination.
Divine Ratio in the complexity and sequencing of their works.
Another factor to consider is that styling your own hair may prove complicated, if not impossible, depending on your experience and the complexity of the updo.
The realism of your origami creation will increase in conjunction with the complexity of the design.
Generally, you can determine the complexity of an origami pattern by looking at the number of steps and what is required in each step.
The Internet is an excellent resource for origami dragon diagrams and instructions, but origami dragon instructions vary greatly in complexity.
There are dozens of rose designs on the Internet, and they can vary greatly in complexity.
Paper airplane models vary greatly in complexity, ranging from simple airplanes for elementary school children to elaborate gliders that require sophisticated origami folding techniques.
The best Kenmore machine for you will depend largely on how you plan to use your sewing machine, your budget, and the complexity of the projects you'll be making.
This kit is recommended for ages 16 and up due to the complexity of this toy.
These functions reveal the complexity of the roles vitamins and minerals serve.
The clothing was not just androgynous, it carried a sexual ambiguity about the clothing that fit the complexity of much of the music.
Opt for simplicity over complexity; wearing an overwhelmingly gaudy sweater will instantly take away from your look's overall elegance.
Although they vary in size and complexity, most air poppers are small units that can easily fit in your kitchen cupboard when not in use.
When you create a game yourself, you can control the complexity, the content, and the number of players.
The costs of scatter rings varies widely, based on the number of stones, their quality, the total carat weight, and the complexity of the design.
Diamond Solitaire Engagement Rings: Nothing represents the complexity of love more beautifully than the simplicity of a single diamond.
Many factors impact the rates that individuals charge to provide ghost writing services, including the writer's background and experience, the type of writing needed, and the complexity of the project.
The mixture of flours adds a nice complexity to your corn bread which capitalizes on the benefits of using the different types of flour.
You can never unravel the complexity of Cancer's emotional makeup.
A Gemini sun sign is one that is rich in its complexity and inherently versatile.
Many signs can be compatible with Sagittarius and, moreover, the exact makeup of a person's natal chart can add to the complexity of this answer.
In fact, many individuals are unaware of the complexity of their own astrological profile.
Robots have intrigued kids for generations, and the complexity of robot toys have evolved over the years to provide a variety of options at different prices.
The prices will vary according to the complexity, but you can discuss it all with them before placing your order.
Symbolism can be applied to different things, from the simplest things, such as letters symbolizing sounds to the complexity of the Symbolist movement in art.
These tats didn't have the complexity of today's lettering, but they got across the message to both the wearer and those who read the tattoo.
The complexity of modern times coupled with the struggle to stand apart from the crowd has created a slew of new justifications for purposely scarring the body.
Breitling cases are distinguished by their "technical complexity, high-end aesthetic appeal, and the quality of their finish."
Since the discovery of autism in the early 1900's, research has revealed more information about the complexity of the autism spectrum disorder (ASD).
A good rule of thumb is length is directly proportional to the complexity of the business.
The Executive Summary should be approximately 1-3 pages long, depending on the complexity of the business plan.
Marketing plans can be as short as a few pages long or hundreds of pages long, depending on the complexity of the company and products sold.
Due to the complexity and dangers associated with many of the systems in hybrid cars, repairs may be best left to trained professionals.
Another way to increase the complexity of pyramids stunts is to add more positions and flyers.
Notice in particular how the leveling and timing add complexity to the routine without making the moves more difficult.
The sky is the limit when it comes to materials, complexity and color.
The method you choose will depend on your budget and the complexity of your design.
These projects vary in complexity and style, but if you spend a little time browsing, you're sure to find something that's perfect for you.
The emotional benefits of exercise show the complexity of the reactions and effects of physical fitness.
Beef Wellington is a classic dish known for its elegant presentation and complexity of flavors.
However, the onslaught of criticism from the Republican Party, as well as insurance industry lobbyists, combined with the complexity of the plan itself, ultimately destroyed the plan within a year.
The perceived complexity of annuities comes from the number of options that are available to people, not so much from any real complexity in how these investment vehicles work.
Since this article is an annuities for dummies outline, it's important that you understand the simplicity of annuities rather than their complexity.
As you can see, the only complexity comes from the variety of choices, not from any confusing terms within individual account types.
But despite being a hard song to play, you can hear Clapton's complexity in "Layla's" acoustic version.
Unfortunately, the style's complexity has also led to many feeling classical music is something for those with money.
Depending on the complexity of the phrase and the number of people playing, the message can get pretty distorted and comical.
The story is a straight-forward journey, and although the main character achieves growth and change, there isn't anything in the way of shades of grey or complexity to entrance an older reader.
With the complexity of the languages found in The Lord of the Rings, at times you may know a quote, but don't truly understand what it means.
This game enlightens consumers about the complexity of producing and marketing the food that they eat.
The IRS recognizes the complexity of its rules and, in response, offers publications and other helpful tools on its website to guide taxpayers.
This is the area of HTML where you can use tools to greatly decrease the complexity of coding.
Thankfully, this is one of the easier tasks within the complexity of the web 2.0 world.
The word usage examples above have been gathered from various sources to reflect current and historial usage. They do not represent the opinions of YourDictionary.com.