Competition sentence example
The competition of France ceased for a time to be an important factor.
It's not a competition, he said simply.
By the way, your competition met his maker.
Competition, in the Darwinian sense, is characteristic not only of modern industrial states, but of all living organisms; and in the narrower sense of the " higgling of the market " is found on the Stock Exchange, in the markets of old towns, in medieval fairs and Oriental bazaars.
The competition included both men and women, and all were having a great time dousing the watchers—and even the paraders passing in the opposite direction—with water guns.Advertisement
The six ladies-in-waiting of the Dean for Sheriff brigade cupped their hands and booed the competition, to the delight of the crowd.
For instance, if you have a Facebook friend Abigail in Albania whom you only met once at a rock-paper-scissors competition years ago, you will generally regard Abigail's first-hand account as authoritative, even though you don't really know Abigail all that well.
But in the development of the railway business it soon became evident that no such dependence on free competition was possible, either in practice or in theory.
In 1861 the United Kingdom Telegraph Company began a competition with the other companies on the basis of a is.
The wool-growing industry has been almost entirely destroyed by the competition of Australia and the West, and the people are now engaged mainly in dairy-farming, timbering, graniteand marble-quarrying, and in keeping summer boarders.Advertisement
In 1879, at Kilburn, the competition was of railway waggons to convey perishable goods long distances at low temperatures.
The two most prominent causes assigned for the depression were bad seasons and foreign competition, aggravated by the increased cost of production and the heavy losses of live stock.
The competition for work is only going to get more intense.
The thought of going to college took root in my heart and became an earnest desire, which impelled me to enter into competition for a degree with seeing and hearing girls, in the face of the strong opposition of many true and wise friends.
Such partial competition, with the discrimination it involves, is liable to be worse for the public than no competition at all.Advertisement
Why should I feed the competition?
Both in England and in America this process of consolidation has been obstructed by all known legislative devices, because of the widespread belief that competition in the field of transportation was necessary if fair prices were to be charged for the service.
However until increased facilities of transport brought more desirable stones into competition they were used extensively in Philadelphia and.
To meet this situation Germany set up central boards (Zentralen), and Austria followed suit, partly at the request of the German Government, which wished to avoid the competition of Austrian agents.
The exigencies of competition prompted the discovery that if yarn were sold by weight fresh from the spindle its comparative dryness made such early sale less profitable than if it were allowed to "condition."Advertisement
Competition produced in Lehigh county the first successful Portland cement plant in the United States in 1870.
The competition was designed to generate poster concepts from the NHS frontline to promote staff hand hygiene in hospitals.
A well designed single color letterhead can blow your competition away.
Cologne and the Westphalian towns, the most important of which were Dortmund, Soest and Munster, had long controlled this commerce but now began to feel the competition of the active traders of the Baltic, opening up that direct communication by sea from the Baltic to western Europe which became the essential feature in the history of the League.
In the 15th century the League, with increasing difficulty, held a defensive position against the competition of strong rivals and new trade-routes.Advertisement
Complaint was made of South German competition in the Netherlands.
The whole system was designed to suppress the competition of outsiders, but the divergent interests of individuals and towns, the pressure of competition and changing commercial conditions, in part the reactionary character of the legislation, made enforcement difficult.
Since then it has greatly declined, owing to the silting up of its harbour and the competition of Taganrog.
Its commercial classes constantly complain of the increasing competition of the provinces, and of the progressive industrial emancipation of Hungary.
A year later he was appointed professor of natural philosophy in Edinburgh University, in succession to Sir John Leslie and in competition with Sir David Brewster, and during his tenure of that office, which he did not give up till 1860, he not only proved himself an active and efficient teacher, but also did much to improve the internal conditions of the university.Advertisement
Millions of commercial articles in metal-work, wood and ivory flood the European markets, and may be bought in any street in Europe at a small price, but they offer a variety of design and an excellence of workmanship which place them almost beyond Western competition.
But for this he would hardly have established so absolute an antithesis between industrial and military competition, and have shown himself readier to recognize that the law of the struggle for existence, just because it is universal and equally (though differently) operative in every form of society, cannot be appealed to for guidance in deciding between the respective merits of an industrial or military and of an individualist or socialist organization of society.
The English Illustrated Magazine (1883) was brought out in competition with the American Harper's and Century.
He studied medicine in Paris at the newly established Ecole de Medecine, and was appointed by competition prosector when only eighteen years of age.
In the 12th century the significant feature is the growing use of the various national languages in competition with the hitherto universal Latin.Advertisement
It is therefore the restless, the unsuccessful, or at least those not fitted for the strenuous competition of the older countries, who are tempted to go.
As they were dependent on the protection of the landlords, the Mahommedans were docile tenants, and their competition weighed heavily on the Christians.
The total value of farm products in 1900 was $9,190,777, an increase of 30% over that of 1890, while the cultivation of cereals suffered on account of the competition of the western states.
In spite of the powerful competition of Shanghai, Ning-po has a valuable foreign trade.
The first competition in connexion with alcohol as a fuel for motor vehicles took place in France in 1901, followed in the next year by German investigations, but its employment for this purpose did not make much headway.Advertisement
Government scholarships enable youths to be educated for competition in the Rhodes scholarships to Oxford University.
Zwingli had never meant to remain at Einsiedeln long, and he now threw himself into a competition for the place of people's priest at the Great Minster of Zurich, and obtained it (1518) after some opposition.
Although New York has lost in the competition with the Western States in the production of most of the grains, especially wheat and barley, and in the production of wool, mutton and pork, it has made steady progress in the dairy business and continues to produce great crops of hay.
In competition with the railways, traffic on the existing canals suffered a marked decline.
In order to minimize competition between prison labour and free labour, articles manufactured in the state prisons, the reformatories and the penitentiaries, are sold only to the institutions and departments of the state and its political divisions.Advertisement
In other directions, too, the teachings of Maholnet were to be judiciously revised, on the principle that the Prophet himself would never have allowed observance of any of his precepts to put his followers at a permanent disadvantage in competition with infidels.
He built the first independent pipe line, in competition with the Standard Oil Co., through Pennsylvania.
The coarser kinds only are now made, owing to the keen English competition in the finer varieties.
Administrative reform and an advanced railway policy have made of Siam a market for the trade of Europe, which has become an object of keen competition.
The use of slave labour, and the application of the corvee system to natives who were nominally free, enabled the company to lower the cost of production, while the absence of competition enabled it to raise prices.Advertisement
In the second half of the 17th century the monopoly system and the employment of slaves and forced labour gave rise to many abuses, and there was a rapid decline in the revenue from sugar, coffee and opium, while the competition of the British East India Company, which now exported spices, indigo, &c. from India to Europe, was severely felt.
The silk manufacture, as to which the first great changes had been made in 1824, and on whose products the duties had been kept higher in previous acts than on other manufactures, was thus compelled, notwithstanding violent opposition, to face unfettered foreign competition.
Successive governments in France made endeavours to break with the prohibitive system, but naturally met with strong opposition from the manufacturing interests, not prepared to meet the competition of Great Britain, whose industries had made, and were continually making, rapid strides.
Then the great improvements in transportation caused competition in agricultural products to be felt, especially from the United States.
The agricultural interest in France, hitherto indifferent about duties, now began to demand protection against competition from beyond the sea.
Bismarck broke with the National Liberals, who were the champions of free trade; at the same time the agricultural depression set in, and the agricultural interest demanded protection against American and other foreign competition.
He attributes all the evils that afflict society to the pressure of competition, whereby the weaker are driven to the wall.
It synchronized with, and was partly determined by, the new political system which was spreading all over Europe, the system of dynastic diplomatic competition and the unscrupulous employment of unlimited secret service funds.
The Polish crown first became an object of universal competition in 1573, when Henry of Valois was elected.
But the competition of cheaper labour in other countries reduced the profits on this plant and the product of 1899 was a decrease from 78,818,000 lb in 1859.
The same circumstances detertnine the variation of profits, but in an opposite direction; the increase of stock, which raises wages, tending to lower profit through the mutual competition of capitalists.
Food competition among mammals, especially intensified on islands, and the introduction of Carnivora constitute another class of causes.
It is said that Pallas, Hephaestus, and Poseidon entered into a competition as to which of them could create the most useful thing.
This industry was ruined by the competition of chemical dyes, and a substitute was found in the cultivation of coffee.
The indigo and cotton plantations yield little profit, owing to foreign competition, and have in most cases been converted to other uses.
A more probable cause is found in the fineness of the prairie soil, which is inimical to the growth of young trees in competition with the grasses and annual plants.
There are also annual agricultural exhibitions of a highly important character, where improvements in connexion with agricultural and horticultural products, live-stock, implements, &c., are shown in competition.
Africa had passed to Rome, and Cyrenaica itself, bequeathed by Apion, the last Ptolemaic sovereign, was become (in combination with Crete) a Roman province (after 96 B.C.), this competition told more severely than ever, and the Greek colonists, grown weaker, found themselves less able to hold their own against the Libyan population.
These are only a few of the moths from which silks of various usefulness can be produced; but none of these presents qualities, saving perhaps cheapness alone, which can put them in competition with common silk.
Rice was the second product in importance until competition with Japan, Louisiana and Texas made the crop a poor investment; improved culture and machinery may restore rice culture to its former importance.
The Corfiotes were encouraged to enrich themselves by the cultivation of the olive, but were debarred from entering into commercial competition with Venice.
He had always admitted the onesidedness of the English free-trade system, and had supported the desirability of retaliating against unfair competition and "dumping" by foreign countries.
The new compact was indicated in Mr Balfour's letter, in which he declared that "fiscal reform is, and must remain, the first constructive work of the Unionist party; its objects are to secure more equal terms of competition for British trade and closer commercial union with the colonies; and while it is at present unnecessary to prescribe the exact methods by which these objects are to be attained, and inexpedient to permit differences of opinion as to these methods to divide the party, though other means are possible, the establishment of a moderate general tariff on manufactured goods, not imposed for the purpose of raising prices, or giving artificial protection against legitimate competition, and the imposition of a small duty on foreign corn, are not in principle objectionable, and should be adopted if shown to be necessary for the attainment of the ends in view or for purposes of revenue."
The growth of national kingdoms, the anti-clerical tendencies of the emancipated middle classes, the competition of lay imperialisms, and all the other elements of resistance which had been encountered by the papacy in its progress and had at first tended only to shackle it, now presented an insurmountable barrier.
Lichens are found growing in various situations such as bare earth, the bark of trees, dead wood, the surface of stones and rocks, where they have little competition to fear from ordinary plants.
Moreover, it must be remembered that the conditions most favourable to plants are not always those to which they are subjected in nature, for, owing to the competition of other forms in the struggle for existence, liability to injury from insects, and other adverse circumstances, plants may actually be excluded from the localities best suited for their development.
Many specimens of these Panathenaic vases have been found; on one side is the figure of Athena, on the other a design showing the nature of the competition in which they were given as prizes.
Rock containing 22% of gold is an extraordinarily rich gold ore; that with 21% of copper is a profitable one to-day; that containing 21% of iron is not so to-day, for the sole reason that its iron cannot be extracted with profit in competition with the existing richer ores.
The supply of this demand in earlier times led to such severe competition as to terminate in tribal pillages and even national wars; and in modern times it has led to commercial ventures on the part of individuals and companies, the account of which, told in its plainest form, reads like the pages of romance.
We know that Peisistratus ruled by controlling the archonship, which was always held by members of his family, and the archonship of Isagoras was clearly an important party victory; we know further the names of three important men who held the office between Cleisthenes' reform and the Persian War (Hipparchus, Themistocles, Aristides) from which we infer that the office was still the prize of party competition.
Its author himself, in tracing its filiation, points to the phrase "struggle for existence" used by Malthus in relation to the social competition.
A type of vessel, specially designed for the rapid carrying of tea from China to England via the Cape of Good Hope, was introduced, known as the "China Clipper," and the competition was always keen as to which ship should make the most rapid passage.
Romance was no more, although there was extreme competition in building steamers with great power and speed to land their cargoes rapidly by the new route.
In its bazaars an active trade in agricultural produce, glass, pottery, saddlery, and copper and iron ware is carried on; but the manufacture of fire-arms, for which Prizren was long famous throughout European Turkey, has suffered greatly from foreign competition.
The increased demand for manufactured articles will stimulate industrial production, while wider home markets and the trade of Asia will consume the larger food supplies and effectually prevent Western competition with Eastern agriculture.
The cultivation of cotton, which spread during the American War of Secession, is now rare, since it has not been able to withstand the competition of more favoured countries.
Up to 1896 the sulphur industry was in a state of crisis due to the competition of pyrites, to the subdivision of the mines, to antiquated methods, and to a series of other causes which occasioned violent oscillations in and a continual reduction of prices.
The fine exhibits from the Trenton potteries at the Centennial Exhibition in Philadelphia in 1876 greatly stimulated the demand for these wares and increased the competition among the manufacturers; and since that date there has been a marked development in both the quantity and the quality of the product.
Much of its commercial and political importance has been lost, also, through the decay of industrial activity in the state, and through the more vigorous competition of the agricultural states of the south.
The competition for employment in the army is still severe.
There can, indeed, be no doubt that the Danish and Norwegian merchants at the end of the i 6th century flourished exceedingly, despite the intrusion and competition of the Dutch and the dangers to neutral shipping arising from the frequent wars between England, Spain and the Netherlands.
The best known of his military works is his History of Modern Cavalry (London, 1877), which was awarded first prize by the Russian government in an open competition and has been translated into German, Russian and Japanese.
In Perth, Fife, Forfar and Aberdeen the average was 30%; but in nearly all the counties, towards the end at least of the period of depression, the coexistent demand and competition for farms were observable.
These changes included the transference of the initiative in university legislation from the sole authority of the heads of houses to an elected and representative body, the opening of college fellowships and scholarships to competition by the removal of local and other restrictions the non-enforcement at matriculation of subscription to the Thirty-nine Articles, and various steps for increasing the usefulness and influence of the professoriate.
The first public competitive examination for the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, took place in 1855, and in 1870 the principle of open competition for the civil service was adcpted as a general rule.
Tobacco-planting is encouraged by the Spanish government, and the sugar trade is maintained, despite severe competition.
In spite of high tariffs and civil wars, and the competition of Matanzas, Cardenas, Cienfuegos and other Cuban ports opened to foreign trade in modern times, the commerce of Havana has steadily increased.
The Roman conquest of Achaea enhanced the prosperity of Argos by removing the trade competition of Corinth.
It is limited to about a thousand members, who are chosen by open competition in England between the ages of twenty-one and twenty-four.
A large share of the produce is consumed in the form of gur or unrefined sugar, and the market for this preparation i= independent of foreign competition.
The tea outlook was good, and the coffee industry was recovering from the effects of plant disease and Brazilian competition.
Towards the close of the 19th century this industry suffered from labour troubles, from the competition of Tampa, Florida, and from the commercial improvement of Havana, Cuba; but soon after 1900 the tobacco business of Key West began to recover.
The indoor manufactures followed in British prisons are not so varied as the foregoing and have been limited by the protests and objections raised by free or outside labour against alleged unfair competition.
But even in this field the competition of the oil-engine and the gas-engine is too formidable to leave to the air-engine more than a very narrow chance of employment.
A state railway commission controls transportation rates, which are also somewhat checked by the competition of river freights.
The iron ore from this district obtained the grand prize at the World's Fair held in Chicago in 1893, in competition with iron ores from all parts of the world.
The exploitation of the mines suffers in many cases from the difficulties and expense of transport, the high duties payable in Dutch Borneo to the native princes, the competition among the rival companies, and often the limited quantities of the minerals found in the mines.
The highly theatrical manner of recitation which was fostered by the spirit of competition, and by the example of the stage, cannot have done justice to the even movement of the epic style.
It has recently been maintained that modern European history is chiefly an affair of competition between confederated states for the possession of lands revealed by Columbus and Da Gama.
From 1875 to 1878 he was employed in a city office, but he entered the civil service by open competition as a clerk in the War Office in 1878, became 1 See Leinendamastmuster des XVII.
At last, when the competition for the Grand Prix came on, Delaroche gave Millet to understand that he intended to secure the nomination of another, and thereupon Millet withdrew himself, and with his friend Marolle started in a little studio in the Rue de 1'Est.
Indeed, up to1830-1840there was little or no competition with hand labour for this class of material.
In 1841 he published under the title Die beiden Grundprobleme der Ethik two essays which he had sent in 1838-1839 in competition for prizes offered.
But proportionate to his exultation in this first recognition of his merit was the depth of his mortification and the height of his indignation at the result of the second competition.
There are also extensive glass factories, but these have suffered from German competition, and many have been closed.
They have been restricted principally to articles of necessity - food preparations, beverages, textiles and wearing apparel, leather and leatherwork, woodwork, pottery, chemicals, ironware, &c. In earlier days, when Chile had less competition in the production of wheat, flour mills were to be found everywhere in the wheat-producing provinces, and flour was one of the leading exports.
Thus they became at onceuniversal and capable of extension by propaganda; and, with this, of entering into keen competition one with the other.
Persons might be members who had nothing to do with the craft, and the rise of great capitalists and the development of competition in trade made the regulation of industry by means of companies no longer possible.
The fundamental doctrine of this work is that, on the hypothesis of free competition, exchange value is determined by the labour expended in production, - a proposition not new, nor, except with considerable limitation and explanation, true, and of little practical use, as "amount of labour" is a vague expression, and the thing intended is incapable of exact estimation.
The competition for appointments was naturally very keen; Couto mentions the case of one grantee who received the reversion of a post to which 30 applicants had a prior claim.'
A proportion of the vacancies are reserved for competition amongst candidates who have had actual commercial experience.
Divisions 2 and 3 are recruited by open competition.
The principal products are oats, rye, barley and wheat, but since the competition of Hungarian wheat large tracts of land have been converted to the cultivation of beetroot.
The growing competition of imported French cutlery made from Huntsman's cast-steel at length alarmed the Sheffield cutlers, who, after vainly endeavouring to get the exportation of the steel prohibited by the British government, were compelled in self-defence to use it.
It is this which makes his rhetoric worth while, "an everlasting possession, not a prize competition which is heard and forgotten."
Although the waterways are much neglected, compared with those of France or of Germany, they might still be very useful if they were enlarged and improved and if free competition with railways could be secured.
In the face of railway competition, several of the canals maintain a fair traffic in coal, for which they are eminently suitable - the system of the Birmingham navigation, the Aire and Calder navigation of Yorkshire, and the Leeds and Liverpool navigation have the largest.
But though the superior excellence of their machinery enabled Englishmen to start in the race of competition, it was the discovery of the new motive power, drawn from coal, which made them win the race.
Before publishing his results he proposed these problems for public competition in 1658 under the assumed name of Amos Dettonville.
Beginning with the middle of the 19th century, the increasing competition of the more productive soils of the West, the growth of urban population in the state, and the number of summer visitors effected the reforesting of much poor land and the more intensive cultivation of the better arable land.
First, in the teeth of opposition from the metropolitan teacher, while yet only twenty-two, he proceeded to set up a school of his own at Melun, whence, for more direct competition, he removed to Corbeil, nearer Paris.
The Basingstoke canal, which connects the town with the river Wey and so with the Thames, was opened about 1 794, but lost its trade owing to railway competition.
Very soon afterwards he must have begun work upon his plans and models, undertaken during an acute phase of the competition which the task had called forth between German and Italian architects, for another momentous enterprise, the completion of Milan cathedral.
It is to be observed, however, firstly, that the scientific element occupied a larger place in Plato's later system than is generally supposed,' and, secondly, that other Academics who came into competition with Speusippus agreed with him in his rejection of the theory of ideas.
The local councils do what is possible to prevent overlapping and excessive competition between the churches.
A third aspect of the question must also not be desregarded, namely, the keen competition between landowners trying to attract settlers to their estates at the expense of their needy or less powerful neighbours.
The night of the 4th of August 1789 put an end to this contrast at one stroke and the further history of rural population came to depend entirely on the play of free competition and free contract.
In the west the small peasant proprietorship had a better chance, but it arose in the course of economic competition rather than through any general recognition of tenant-right.
As Coulter and Chamberlain express it, " the habitats of the Gymnosperms to-day indicate that they either are not at home in the more genial conditions affected by Angiosperms, or have not been able to maintain themselves in competition with this group of plants."
Owing to increased competition, and in some degree to careless harvesting, there was a great fall in prices after 1900, and the Seychellois, though still producing vanilla in large quantities, paid greater attention to the products of the coconut palm - copra, soap, coco-nut oil and coco-nuts - to the development of the mangrove bark industry, the collection of guano, the cultivation of rubber trees, the preparation of banana flour, the growing of sugar canes, and the distillation of rum and essential oils.
Rumans claim for their product a higher percentage of pure oil than is found in the American, Galician and Caucasian wells; and, although American competition nearly destroyed this industry between 1873 and 1895, improved methods and legislation favouring the introduction of foreign capital enabled it to recover.
He continued to work the gold-field which he had discovered, and to draw from it new treasures, not indeed with quite such ease and in quite such abundance as when the precious soil was still virgin, but yet with success, which left all competition far behind.
He dwelt on the injury to the working classes caused by " dumping " and unfair foreign competition.
Silk goods are manufactured in Ahmedabad, Surat, Yeola, Nasik, Thana and Bombay, the material being often decorated with printed or woven designs; but owing to the competition of European goods most branches of the industry are declining.
It ranges mainly from the middle of Ireland westwards, but its numbers have declined considerably in competition with the Shropshire.
The landless laborers, who might have been hired to supply the deficiency, were so reduced in numbers that they could command, if free competition prevailed, double and triple rates of payment, compared with their earnings in the days before the plague.
Their provisions by restricting competition naturally tended to raise freights, and by restricting employment made it difficult for shipowners to man their vessels.
Lord Ashley and the factory reformers contended, on the one hand, that ten hours were long enough for any person to work; their opponents maintained, on the contrary, that the adoption of the clause would injure the working-classes by lowering the rate of wages, and ruin the manufacturers by exposing them to foreign competition.
In France the manufacturers complained that they would be unable to stand against the competition of English goods.
Despite American competition and Austro-Hungarian tariffs the export of swine remains the principal branch of Servian commerce.
In order to accomplish the first of these two preliminaries, the department established a Faculty of Agriculture at the Royal College of Science in Dublin, and offered a considerable number of scholarships the competition for which becomes increasingly keen.
In good times this worked well enough, but foreign competition began to tell, and 1879 was the worst of several bad seasons.
By the third the tenant was given the right to have a "fair rent" fixed by a newly formed Land Commission Court, the element of competition being entirely excluded.
In 1826 he went to London, at first on leave of absence from his regiment, and in partnership with John Braithwaite constructed the "Novelty," a locomotive engine for the Liverpool & Manchester railway competition at Rainhill in 1829, when the prize, however, was won by Stephenson's "Rocket."
The All-Father belief is most potent among the lowest races, and always tends to become obsolete under the competition of serviceable ancestral spirits, or gods made in the image of such spirits, who can be bribed by sacrifices or induced by prayers to help man in his various needs.
Luton is the principal seat in England of the straw-plait manufacture, and large quantities of hats and other straw goods have been exported, though in recent years the industry has suffered from increased foreign competition.
But the spirit of research, fostered by the fusion of races and the social and intellectual competition thus engendered, was not crushed by these proceedings; and for the next century and more the higher minds of Spain found in Damascus and Bagdad the intellectual aliment which they desired.
The commercial classes, particulaily in Portugal, complained that it subjected them to Dutch competition.
All through the winter of1897-1898the Madrid giuernment took steps to propitiate the president and his government, even offering them a treaty of commerce which would have allowed American commerce to compete on equal terms with Spanish imports in the West Indies and defeat all European competition.
Nearly the whole of these county societies affiliated with the central association, paying an affiliation fee yearly, and receiving in return the silver medal, bronze medal and certificate of the association, to be offered as prizes for competition at the annual county shows.
In the competition between him and Odysseus for the armour of Achilles, Agamemnon, at the instigation of Athene, awarded the prize to Odysseus.
Nettlefold & Chamberlain employed new methods of attracting customers, and judiciously amalgamated rival firms with their own so as to reduce competition, with the result that in 1874, after twenty-two years of commercial life, Mr Chamberlain was able to retire with an ample fortune.
In his own words, he went in front of the Unionist army as a pioneer, and if his army was attacked he would go back to it; in no conceivable circumstances would he allow himself to be put in any sort of competition, direct or indirect, with Mr Balfour, his friend and leader, whom he meant to follow (October 6).
But from the purely party point of view he was entitled to say that he followed the path of loyalty to Mr Balfour which he had marked out from the moment of his resignation, and that he persistently refused to be put in competition with him as leader.
It can hardly be expected that zebras and bontequaggas fresh from their native mountains and plains can be brought into competition as beasts of burden and draught with horses and asses, whose useful qualities have been augmented by the training of thousands of generations of progenitors.
Charters were given to companies trading to Guinea, Morocco, Guiana and the Canaries, but none of these enjoyed a very long or prosperous existence, principally owing to the difficulties caused by foreign competition.
In the 18th century British public men were not ashamed to say that Barbary piracy was a useful check on the competition of the weaker Mediterranean nations in the carrying trade..
It should be added that many other oils and fats are only waiting improved conditions of transport to enter into successful competition with some of those that are already on the market.
But the development of manufactures in the first half of the 19th century, the competition of the new western states in farm products, and the change in the character of the population incident to the growth of cities, caused a great change in agriculture after 1860.
In 1732 the London hatters complained of the competition of Connecticut hats in their trade.
Did he consider Davis competition - or maybe a way out of his proposal?
The competition included both men and women, and all were having a great time dousing the watchersâ€”and even the paraders passing in the opposite directionâ€”with water guns.
The jealous bitch wouldn't hesitate to kill off the competition, along with probably everyone else within miles.
Then he called to Elisabeth, "Come meet your competition for my affection."
The sky was dark, the stars bright without competition from man-made lighting in the streets.
Don't you think Jonathan has enough competition for attention as it is?
And just so my motives are perfectly clear to you - I don't want my competition getting the jump on me by hiring one of my best employees.
The normally placid Folding Society was being rocked by cut throat competition.
Entry in the competition implies acceptance of these rules.
Simon was an official accompanist for last year's BBC Singer of the World in Cardiff Competition.
The OFT has referred the anticipated acquisition by Anglo American plc of Johnston Group PLC to the Competition Commission.
Sexual Selection - selection driven by the competition for mates, considered an adjunct to natural selection.
He first started recreational flying in 1986, and began learning competition aerobatics in 1994 in Alan Cassidy's Pitts S2A.
It is aviation's only magazine devoted totally to recreational and competition aerobatics.
The restructuring of the European aerospace and defense industry is a major step which will help to improve competition in the global market.
This provides needed competition to interexchange carrier offerings which were expensive and cumbersome operator-to-operator affairs in many cases.
Activity also includes a competition to meet Liberty X (run in commercial airtime) with online support.
A female allotment gardener has won best allotment gardener has won best allotment plot competition for the third year running.
Oxford is the standard bearer for the whole of the South East region in the UK competition to become European Capital of Culture 2008.
They beat off competition from media bigwigs led by Ginger's Chris Evans.
You cannot be an exclusive trade bloc, you have got to face up to global competition, you have got to look outwards.
Also excellent with Farrier, Vet, has been bridled etc. She is bred from competition bloodlines and is an excellent competition prospect.
Now sadly it has succumbed to the competition of the chain bookstores.
The competition will be to design a bot which will the be set against other competitors bots in a showdown.
However, the state agencies ' incapacity to meet this demand opened the terrain for local institutional bricolage and competition.
It was open competition that enabled the now burgeoning low cost carriers the opportunity to compete in the first place.
It is a two-day mountain orienteering competition with an overnight camp at a remote location.
That competition in both its free market and state capitalist form have combined to produce the economic disaster we see across the globe today.
In 1978 Arthur won, in his first serious competition for 18 years, the National M65 cross-country championship.
The tremendous growth of competition in the 1970s and 1980s happily coincided with great strides forward in the availability of electronic technology.
As with 20th-century Russian communism, it also lays claims to a monopoly on world views and remains intolerant of competition.
In 1863 he had another success, winning a major violin competition in Inverness.
In particular, guidance through the mechanism of a trade association may distort competition on price.
The Newham Recorder is running a competition to win tickets to the Monsters Of Rock show on June 3rd.
The Arrow is likely to face tough competition from other radio groups keen to grab a rare FM license in the important area.
In any business, you have so much stiff competition.
The recent report shows that, in a fierce global competition for the best talent, the UK is in danger of losing.
In fact, unfair competition is the goal of Clipper policy.
Six teams of two took part in pursuit of the highest honors, over three days of intense competition.
The current economic climate has created an increased competition for jobs.
This year it includes their poetry competition awards, a Saturday street market and a book and craft fair.
A cup competition runs the full length of the football season.
Day two saw the top two teams from the previous days matches progress to a knockout competition.
Beat the burn Two winners of the Beat the Burn poster competition this week received their prizes.
Qualitative research approaches are considered as complementary to, and not in competition with, quantitative approaches.
Conker competition Saturday 14 th October 2.30pm at the grounds of Goldington Church, Bedford conker competition Saturday 14 th October 2.30pm at the grounds of Goldington Church, Bedford Conkers will be provided along with refreshments and stalls.
The major European conservatoires were each invited to send one candidate under the age of 25 to perform in this competition.
According to The BBC, Mandy beat off competition from four male contestants.
We don't want to become a haulage contractor operating in competition with our ferry customers who collect and deliver their own freight.
This work is in sharp contradistinction to the view of competition as a state of equilibrium induced by a particular market structure.
The Crazy Computer Competition We asked you to design a crazy computer contraption.
The competition now moves on to, you've guessed it, Edinburgh for the final cook-off on 13th February.
I've often thought about devising a competition to see which club most deserves to have good coxes.
We are also holding a regional heat of the Kennel Club's Scruffts competition for family crossbreeds.
On Sunday the wheelchair curlers play Switzerland and Denmark, while Russell Docker and Sean Rose compete in the men's Downhill competition.
I am not persuaded that barriers to entry are low enough to offset the potential detriment to competition.
The MPA understands the need for scrutiny by the competition directorate.
These reasons led to the competition defense in this case being summarily dismissed by the High Court.
The proposals are based on the neo-liberal dogma that competition is the only solution to the development of the industry.
There are so many do-gooders in HB, and people are so afraid of change and a little competition.
In fact the only real downer here is the lack of competition.
In the novice class Wan Ming, driving her first competition, had the best dressage.
Our third question was whether the merger, by creating a duopoly, would materially reduce the level of competition.
We therefore believe that this reduction of competition would create an effective duopoly between Le Shuttle and the joint venture.
It should be applied more often under competition or extremely dusty conditions.
Armed with stylish reversible bibs and a new ball, the A team sailed through the league beating off competition with effortless ease.
Let the Government then intervene in the manners sanctioned by the welfare economists to increase competition and thereby drive down prices.
Last year, Queen Mary students, entering the competition for the first time, came eighth in the class 2 category.
The merged entity will be in a position to take on competition in the domestic market from private players, it is felt.
It brings spiritual poverty, obesity, social isolation, covert competition, satiation, heartlessness and periodic nervous breakdown.
A competition was run in the now defunct London Evening Standard to name the new town and the winner was Thamesmead.
The 9th became thus a dies non in the competition.
In winning the prize, Meg Rosoff had faced stiff competition from fellow debut novelists.
Prose & Poetry Major annual competition for short stories novellas & poetry Make Your Hols Pay!
The band went onto come 3rd overall in the competition, playing at the UK final at the Mean Fiddler (London ).
Its Web site and image results are now supplied by its subsidiary overture and it offers some serious competition to Google.
Suddenly your MA or MSc seems rather paltry as you contemplate the competition you're up against in getting a job.
He advises on intellectual property, regulatory competition and general commercial matters to a wide range of clients, particularly pharmaceutical and biotech companies.
Droughts, competition for land, and the loss of their slaves have made the nomadic existence increasingly precarious.
Therefore, Elite has not infringed the Chapter I prohibition of the Competition Act 1998 in this regard.
Therefore, Elite has not infringed the chapter I prohibition of the Competition Act 1998 in this regard.
In a competition for articles under 500 words, there really isn't any excuse for not proofreading your work.
There will be a daily competition for children to see who can carve the best pumpkin.
In the poster competition, we had to make a poster and answer three questions on cyclic quadrilaterals.
Her only real competition since then has been the Olympic qualifiers in February.
Over the years, the annual competition has been held at various racetracks throughout France.
Competition round up In Belper, this evening, Mr Dudley Arkwright ate 622 radishes in six minutes, 23 seconds.
We had a pumpkin carving competition and grand raffle, as well as hot dogs and toffee apples to eat.
Farmers suffer too, exploited by supermarkets, overwhelmed by red tape and fighting unfair competition from abroad.
Many past winners of the competition are now regular exhibitors at the gallery.
The annual plan states that Ofcom will promote " competition in all communications markets, via wholesale line rental ", among other things.
Notification will be provided by the Competition Secretary in writing to both Clubs for fixtures so rescheduled.
Documents can be made available subject to licensing conditions but these must not unnecessarily restrict possibilities for re-use and cannot restrict competition.
The winner of this year's competition is a sharp retort to the question Do we need nature?
The visits are always great fun and the children revel in the rugby ethos of fun, skills and competition.
The Future of the Competition Scheduled from now on for May, 2006 saw the event revert back to a bombing competition.
The event is a double round robin Association Rules singles competition.
Top up your tan while sipping free sangria and watching our belly flop competition.
Do remember to thin out any recently sown carrots seedlings to ensure that competition for water is kept to the minimum.
In 2004 VOLBEAT reaches the semifinals in Denmarks biggest music talent competition LIVE CONTEST.
The acceleration of the news cycle by necessity leads to less careful checking, while competition leads to more sensationalism.
This really is a road legal race car, with performance statistics which leave all of the cars in our Supercar Competition rather shamefaced.
Every year Jersey Canoe Club runs its salt water slalom competition near the club house in St. Catherine's Bay, Jersey.
Clearly at the moment the IAAF has banned a whole smorgasbord of drugs in competition.
The regional press snapper (pictured) scooped the Photograph of the Year prize at the Nationwide FA Cup Photographic Competition.
But the competition to beat the traffic snarl won the day.
The little German so-and-so who beat me at my last competition now has my squat record so I want it back!
Rob Cooper Well done again to Rob who entered a higher grade in the recent competition and included two somersaults in his routine.
Senior Officer at Union Ã¢ smoked spliff with Howard Marks in Union Chamber, Director of Schools Debating Competition.
Good Friday is expected to make a lovely competition horse and sports horse stallion.
You don't need to enter via the Calor Village of the Year competition, this award is completely stand-alone.
Track & Field competition at all levels Paul running the steeplechase.
Around 300 fast streamers are accepted each year through annual competition.
Whilst studying at the Royal Academy of Music they won the coveted John B McEwen competition for the best string quartet of the year.
His relaxed style immediately landed in television's top 20, giving Ralph Kramden and company unexpectedly strong competition.
Young Gardeners Gardening Project Get a head start in the GardenAdvice great sunflower competition with this step-by-step guide to sowing sunflowers.
You can have a competition to see who can grow the tallest sunflower.
Competition from out of town superstores has had a particularly harmful impact on Paignton town center.
These are areas which could have been developed with greater vigor and in which a research ' supremo ' might have stimulated open competition.
We cannot however eliminate competition from other products (which indeed may prove to be less successful but have a higher takeup ).
The 36 winning teams will progress to round 2 where the 12 Premiership clubs who are not involved in Europe will enter the competition.
In Stornoway, Tracy Anne from Brue won the competition for the best dressed teddy in a real diaper.
She was chosen after a nationwide competition among 15,000 women telephonists and was awarded ten guineas.
The second telling was fast, throwaway and unembellished, as Pickering was up against competition from many other tellers.
Our next free to enter horse racing tipster competition with a first prize of £ 25, begins on the 1st of August.
Soccer Betting Advice A comprehensive soccer betting portal with 300 Euro monthly prizes tipsters competition, free picks, active forum, statistics.
Two Orkney golfers have won the Scottish champions title in the biggest competition for club golfers in the world.
Hollie Alexander (aged 8) from Berkshire won the competition to design the 2007 togs for Dogs logo, pictured left.
This might have been found more tolerable had it been due to honest competition.
With 24 schools entering this prestigious tournament, the competition was bound to be strong.
In 2005 he visited Korea representing the Royal Navy in a world triathlon competition, finishing in 10th place.
I have just completed a Fokker DR1 triplane for the Squadron competition.
A runners-up trophy for the team that finishes second in the overall competition.
I know people may not know I'm working on an off road project for competition just a (400hp 4x4 mini truck ).
Supermarine had recently beaten Blackheath in the Cup competition and this opening tussle showed how much Club had learned from their previous encounter.
With the advent of fall, there was fierce price competition among the stores selling fleece underwear.
Effective competition can a good Bean Bag It deal are understandably unwilling.
However, Kroes, attending a competition conference in Italy, sounded upbeat.
The Student Sports Union organizes 40 sports clubs who compete regularly in inter varsity and local league competition.
The competition begins and - although Team Rocket shows up during the games - Ash defeats the villains and goes on to victory.
Something slightly wacky about this - almost invites a caption competition.
Did I lose a wager, accidentally enter the wrong competition or just open somebody else's mail?
Content includes character biographies, episode summaries, downloadable wallpapers, video clips and even a competition!
Used for training for advanced proficiency and white water competition, short stretches suitable for slalom competition, longer stretches for white-water racing.
You are one of the lucky winners of our competition.
Details of this year's competition winners can be viewed HERE.
So the competition started as to who could produce the best yoni or breast!
In the Sea of Marmora they had to face the competition of the Samians, with whom they waged a war concerning the town of Perinthus, and of Miletus; but on the Bosporus they established themselves by means of settlements at Chalcedon and, above all, Byzantium (founded, according to tradition, 675 and 658 respectively).
Himself a keen bowler, he offered for competition, in 1854, a silver bowl and, in 1857, a gold bowl and the Eglinton Cup, all to be played for annually.
Of the 33,104 farms in the state in 1900, 25,982 were farmed by their owners, 1373 by part owners, 314 by owners and tenants, 2424 by cash tenants, 2396 by share tenants, and 615 by managers; 637 farms had more than 500 acres, 3431 were between 260 and 500 acres, 5512 between 175 and 260 acres, 10,215 between 100 and 175 acres, 6513 between 50 and 100 acres, 3511 between 20 and 50 acres, and 3285 less than 20 acres; and dairy produce was the principal source of income of more than one-half of these (16,700), live stock the principal source of income of 7323 farms, and hay and grain of 2519 farms. The general sterility of the soil except along rivers and the bases of hills has made intensive cultivation always necessary, and the competition of new and rich western farm lands has made the agriculture of Vermont develop further toward specialization in dairying and raising live stock.
Telegraphic money orders were established in 1850; a cable was laid between Dover and Calais, and in November 1851 the stock exchanges of London and Paris were able for the first time to compare prices during business hours of the same day; numerous companies were formed, some of which were independent of the railways, and keen competition led to considerable extensions of wires and reduction of tariffs, with the result that a large increase in the volume of business took place.
Much dissatisfaction was felt because the larger towns where competition had been most keen were unduly benefited to the neglect of smaller towns where the business was comparatively less profitable, but it must be remembered that the telegraph lines followed the railways and that many towns were not served owing to their opposition to the railways.
Mr Scudamore, who was regarded as the author of the bill for the acquisition of the telegraph systems, reported that the charges made by the telegraph companies were too high and tended to check the growth of telegraphy; that there were frequent delays of messages; that many important districts were unprovided with facilities; that in many places the telegraph office was inconveniently remote from the centre of business and was open for too small a portion of the day;' that little or no improvement could be expected so long as the working of the telegraphs was conducted by commercial companies striving chiefly to earn a dividend and engaged in wasteful competition with each other; that the growth of telegraphy had been greatly stimulated in Belgium and Switzerland by the annexation of the telegraphs to the Post Offices of those countries and the consequent adoption of a low scale of charges; that in Great Britain like results would follow the adoption of like means, and that the association of the telegraphs with the Post Office would produce great advantage to the public and ultimately a large revenue to the state.
Courtney (afterwards Lord Courtney), when Secretary of the Treasury, had stated that " it would be highly inexpedient to encourage upon light grounds competition against a company in the position of the Eastern Telegraph Company which has embarked much capital in existing lines "; and that the permanent officials representing the Post Office before the Pacific Cable committee had stated " that there was no precedent for the Imperial Government alone or in association with the Colonies managing or seeking business for a line of this kind."
The committee considered that the Post Office was not prevented either by legal agreement or by good faith from limiting or ending the monopoly of the company, and that competition appeared to be both expedient and necessary in order to extend and popularize the service and to avoid the danger that a purchase of the company's undertaking at an inflated price might be forced upon the government.
It afterwards rose, and was worth more than 3,640,000 in 1899, falling again to 1/23,118,600 in 1902 owing to severe American competition in sulphur (see SIcILY).
In some cases they survive by migration, but this is often prohibited by physical barriers, These, however, have often protected them from the competition of more vigorous invading races.
This gives carcase weight as equal to 57% of live weight, a ratio much inferior to the best results obtained at the carcase competition promoted by the Smithfield Club.
It is not in the decay of combination and monopoly or in the growth of competition that we must look for the distinctive characteristics of modern problems. A 17th-century monopoly was a very weak and ineffective instrument compared with a modern syndicate; the Statute of Apprenticeship was certainly not so widely enforced as the " common rules " of trade unions; and many of the regulations of past times, which look so complicated to modern eyes, were conditions of free enterprise rather than restraints upon it.
It was constructed by an English company, which in 1880 sold it to an Italian company, despite the keen competition of French rivals (see History, below).
It might thus be possible to avoid waste, sudden crises, ruinous competition and foreign commercial dictation.
This led to the disappearance of the agri cultural population, to a decline in public safety, and to the spread of malaria in many parts; indeed, it is quite possible that it was not introduced into Latium before the 4th century B.C. The evil increased in the later period of the Republic, and many of the old towns of Latium sank into a very decayed condition; with this the continual competition of the provinces as sources of food-supply no doubt had a good deal to do.
Regular industrial work is however handicapped by competition with the tourist trade in its several branches - acting as guides and camp servants, manufacture and sale of " souvenirs ' (carved toys and trinklets in mother - of-pearl and olive-wood, forged antiquities and the like), and the analogous trade in objets de piete (rosaries, crosses, crude religious pictures, &c.) for pilgrims. Travellers in the country squander their money recklessly, and these trades, at once easy and lucrative, are thus fatally attractive to the indolent Syrian and prejudicial to the best interests of the country.
In the early years of the 10th century the competition of foreign steam trawlers inflicted much hardship on the fishermen.
They met the 1921 cup winners, Tottenham Hotspur, in the quarterfinals of the 1921/22 competition.