Clubfoot sentence example

clubfoot
  • The focus will be on treating clubfoot but other lower limb conditions and general issues are covered.
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  • There was a lot of debate over whether the method was really suitable for severe intractable clubfoot especially over the correction of tibial torsion.
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  • True clubfoot is characterized by abnormal bone formation in the foot.
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  • In talipes varus, the most common form of clubfoot, the foot generally turns inward so that the leg and foot look somewhat like the letter J (when looking at the left foot head-on).
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  • Clubfoot can affect one foot or both feet.
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  • If there is no anatomic abnormality of the bone, this is not true clubfoot, and the problem can usually be corrected by applying special braces or casts to straighten the foot.
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  • True clubfoot is usually obvious at birth because a clubfoot has a typical appearance of pointing downward and being twisted inwards.
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  • Uncorrected clubfoot in an adult causes only part of the foot, usually the outer edge or the heel or the toes, to touch the ground.
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  • For a person with clubfoot, walking becomes difficult or impossible.
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  • The ratio of males to females with clubfoot is 2.5 to 1.
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  • A family history of clubfoot has been reported in 24.4 percent of families in a single study.
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  • These findings suggest the potential role of one or more genes being responsible for clubfoot.
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  • Experts do not agree on the precise cause of clubfoot.
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  • Some experts feel that clubfoot may begin early in pregnancy, probably in the 10th to 12th weeks of gestation.
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  • The MSX1 gene has been associated with clubfoot in animal studies.
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  • Several environmental causes have been proposed for clubfoot.
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  • Many obstetricians feel that intrauterine crowding causes clubfoot.
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  • This theory is supported by a significantly higher incidence of clubfoot among twins compared to singleton births.
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  • Intrauterine exposure to the drug misoprostol has been linked with clubfoot.
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  • For unknown reasons, amniocentesis, a prenatal test, has also been associated with clubfoot.
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  • The infants of mothers who smoke during pregnancy have a greater chance of being born with clubfoot than are offspring of women who do not smoke.
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  • The physical appearance of a clubfoot may vary.
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  • A pediatrician should be consulted at birth, the usual time clubfoot is initially diagnosed.
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  • Clubfoot is diagnosed by physician inspection.
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  • Clubfoot is corrected by casting or surgery.
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  • The prognosis for successfully treating clubfoot is good at this time.
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  • Persons with clubfoot that is corrected by surgery may notice some increased stiffness in their affected feet as they age.
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  • A corrected clubfoot is often a shoe size smaller than normal and may be somewhat less flexible.
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  • The calf muscles in an affected clubfoot leg may be slightly smaller than an unaffected leg.
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  • However, without treatment, clubfoot will result in a functional disability.
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  • At the present time, there is no way to prevent clubfoot.
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  • Pregnant women can reduce the risk of clubfoot by refraining from smoking.
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  • Parents of an infant with clubfoot should be prepared to participate in treatment for two or more years.
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  • J., et al. "Leg length discrepancy in unilateral congenital clubfoot following surgical treatment."
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  • There may also be some hip bone anomaly or other skeletal symptoms, for example, clubfoot.
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  • Orthopedic surgery may be necessary for congenital clubfoot deformity.
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  • Clubfoot is a condition in which one or both feet are twisted into an abnormal position at birth.
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  • Researchers in Norway have reported that males who are in the printing trades have significantly more offspring with clubfoot than men in other occupations.
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  • Clubfoot may be suspected during the latter stages of pregnancy, especially in a mother of shorter or smaller than normal stature, a large fetus, or multiple infants.
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  • Skeletal abnormalities may include poorly developed shoulder blades (scapulae), sideways bent fingers (clinodactyly), clubfoot, scoliosis, and unusual neck bones.
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