How to use Cleon in a sentence
The story that at Bactra in 327 B.C. in a public speech he advised all to worship Alexander as a god even during his lifetime, is with greater probability attributed to the Sicilian Cleon.
The first is the raising of the allies' tribute in 425 B.C. by a certain Thudippus, presumably a henchman of Cleon.
In 422 B.C. Cleon led an unsuccessful expedition to recover it, in which both he and Brasidas were slain.
An assembly was held and under the invective of Cleon it was decided to kill.
The final success of Brasidas at Amphipolis, where both he and Cleon were killed, paved the way for a more permanent agreement, the peace parties at Athens and Sparta being in the ascendant.Advertisement
Possibly, too, Cleon foresaw that peace would have meant a triumph for the philo-Laconian party.
A truce was concluded, but peace negotiations were defeated by Cleon, who was himself appointed to conduct operations with Demosthenes.
Athens must never again seek "empire" in the sense which became odious under the influence of Cleon and Hyperbolus, - when, to use the image of Aristophanes, the allies were as Babylonian slaves grinding in the Athenian mill.
In April 422 the truce with Sparta expired, and in the same summer Cleon was despatched to Thrace, where he stormed Torone and Galepsus and prepared for an attack on Amphipolis.
The Athenian army was routed with a loss of 600 men and Cleon was slain.Advertisement
During the dark days of 430, after the unsuccessful expedition of Pericles to Peloponnesus, and when the city was devastated by the plague, Cleon headed the opposition to the Periclean regime.
Pericles was reinstated, and Cleon now for a time fell into the background.
In 427 Cleon gained an evil notoriety by his proposal to put to death indiscriminately all the inhabitants of Mytilene, which had put itself at the head of a revolt.
The character of Cleon is represented by Aristophanes and Thucydides in an extremely unfavourable light.
The poet had a grudge against Cleon, who had accused him before the senate of having ridiculed (in his Babylonians) the policy and institutions of his country in the presence of foreigners and at the time of a great national war.Advertisement
Thucydides, a man of strong oligarchical prejudices, had also been prosecuted for military incapacity and exiled by a decree proposed by Cleon.
It is therefore likely that Cleon has had less than justice done to him in the portraits handed down by these two writers.
Cleon But how is a visit to Athens going to make a rich farmer sophisticated?
The eloquence of Cleon frustrated the peace party's desire to accept these terms, and ultimately to the astonishment of the Greek world the Spartan hoplites to the number of 292 surrendered unconditionally (see Cleon).
It was almost certainly due to Cleon that the tribute of the "allies" was doubled in 425 (see Delian League).Advertisement