" The circle was undoubtedly known to the early civilizations, its simplicity specially recommending it as an object for study.
His account of the first dawnings of culture, and of the ruder Oriental civilizations, is marked by genuine insight.
Apart from conquest their most important function has been to keep up communications in central Asia, and to transport religions and civilizations from one region to another.
Palestinian states on the other, and that they could scarcely have escaped the all-pervading Babylonian influences of 2000-1400 B.C. It is now becoming clearer every day, especially since the discovery of the laws of Khammurabi, that, if we are to think sanely about Hebrew history before as well as after the exile, we can only think of Israel as part of the great complex of Semitic and especially Canaanite humanity that lived its life in western Asia between 2060 and 600 B.C.; and that while the Hebrew race maintained by the aid of prophetism its own individual and exalted place, it was not less susceptible then, than it has been since, to the moulding influences of great adjacent civilizations and ideas.
The realization of the fact that the value to France of her colonies was mainly commercial, led at length to the abandonment of the attempt to impose on a great number of diverse peoples—some possessing (as in Indo-China and parts of West Africa) ancient and highly complex civilizations—French laws, habits of mind, tastes and manners.
One of the oldest and most widespread methods of divining the future, both among primitive people and among several of the civilizations of antiquity, was the reading of omens in the signs noted on the liver of the animal offered as a sacrifice to some deity.
At the dawn of Greek history Mycenae is no longer the seat of empire; new empires, polities and civilizations have grown up - Sparta with its military discipline, Delphi with its religious supremacy, Miletus with its commerce and numberless colonies, Aeolis and Ionia, Sicily and Magna Graecia.
Surrounded by ancient civilizations where writing had long been known, and enjoying, as excavation has proved, a considerable amount of material culture, Palestine could look back upon a lengthy and stirring history which, however, has rarely left its mark upon our records.
One must not infer from this, however, that the two civilizations met on anything like an equality.
The story of the Creation in the book of Genesis is shown, from the point of view of chronology, to be a poetic or symbolic account by the discovery of civilizations of much greater antiguity.
The interval between the Quaternary or Drift period and the period of historical antiquity is to some extent bridged over by relics of various intermediate civilizations, e.g.
Thus the architectural remains, though they fail to solve the problem of the culture of the nations round the Gulf of Mexico, throw much light on it when their evidence is added to that of religion and customs. At any rate two things seem probable - first, that the civilizations of Mexico and Central America were pervaded by a common influence in religion, art, and custom; second, that this common element shows traces of the importation of Asiatic ideas into America.
3 Excavators know how the popular mind associates their labours with search for hidden treasure, and no doubt the wealth of dead civilizations often stimulated the imagination of subsequent generations.
Thus Palestine lay at the gate of Arabia and Egypt, and at the tail end of a number of small states stretching up into Asia Minor; it was encircled by the famous ancient civilizations of Babylonia,.
Ihe development of trade in the Mediterranean and contact with new peoples and new civilizations in peace and war had given birth to new ideas among the Egyptians and at the same time to a loss of confidence in their own powers.
Of the highly developed civilizations which grew up and flourished in Bactria, Bokhara and Samarkand the last survivals are now undergoing rapid obliteration with the simultaneous desiccation of the rivers and lakes.
Others again cite the old-established power and productivity of Crete; the immense advantage it derived from insularity, natural fertility and geographical relation to the wider area of east Mediterranean civilizations; and the absence of evidence elsewhere for the gradual growth of a culture powerful enough to dominate the Aegean.
The proud old civilizations of the Euphrates and the Nile might ignore it, but the ruder barbarian peoples in East and West, on whose coasts the Greek colonies had been planted, came in various degrees under its spell.
It was from a remote period, antedating certainly 3000 B.C., the highway of empire and of commerce between east and west, more specifically between Babylonia or Irak and Syria, and numerous empires, peoples and civilizations have left their records on its shores.
Syria happens to lie on the line of least resistance for communication between the early subtropic seats of civilization in the Nile and Euphrates valleys and the civilizations of Europe.
Yet nothing is less true; for the savage, more than the civilized man, is tied down at every step with superstitious scruples and restrictions barely traceable in higher civilizations except as primitive survivals.
Thus, the higher densities are found in the eastern hemisphere, within the zone in which arose the great civilizations of the world, or, roughly speaking, between north parallels 25 and 40 towards the east, and 25 and 55 in the west.
It is believed that the ultimate origin of the constellation figures and names is to be found in the corresponding systems in vogue among the primitive civilizations of the Euphrates valley - the Sumerians, Accadians and Babylonians; that these were carried westward into ancient Greece by the Phoenicians, and to the lands of Asia Minor by the Hittites, and that Hellenic culture in its turn introduced them into Arabia, Persia and India.
Nadaillac, Prehistoric America (New York, 1895); Zelia Nuttall, The Fundamental Principles of the Old and New World Civilizations (Arch.
He lived at the meeting-point of three distinct civilizations - the mature, or rather decaying, civilization of Greece, of which Athens was still the centre; that of Carthage, which was so soon to pass away and leave scarcely any vestige of itself; and the nascent civilization of Italy, in which all other modes were soon to be absorbed.
Mexico in this wide sense is of high interest to the anthropologist from the several native American civilizations which appear within its limits, and which conveniently if loosely group themselves round two centres, the Mexican proper and the Central American.
Any general statement as to the debt owed by early European civilizations to western Asia would at present be premature, for though important discoveries have been made in Crete and Babylonia the best authorities are chary of positive conclusions as to the relations of Cretan civilization to Egypt and Babylonia.
Outside the Church the breakup of old civilizations, the confused beginnings of medieval kingdoms, with the attendant war and rapine, the inroads of the Saracens and the rise of Islam, were all effective silencers of the pulpit.
The Mexican and Peruvian civilizations were far ahead of Maori culture, in so far as they possessed the elements of a much more settled and highly-organized society.
It is remarkable that the same tendency for the proportion of the young to fall off is perceptible in new countries as well as in the older civilizations, setting aside the influence of immigration at the prime of life in depressing the proportion of children.
Both of these ancient civilizations extended their influence through migration of individual families and the planting of colonies.
Oppert was a voluminous writer upon Assyrian mythology and jurisprudence, and other subjects connected with the ancient civilizations of the East.
This is the oldest of existing states, though its authentic history does not go back much beyond 1000 B.C. It is generally admitted that there was some connexion between the ancient civilizations of China and Babylonia, but its precise nature is still uncertain.
There is also a certain amount of external evidence to be gathered from (I) Monuments and records of other contemporary civilizations, e.g.
Among the Aramaic-speaking people the revolution which displaced the Arabian court of Damascus in favour of a cosmopolitan world centred at the Babylonian seat of the civilizations dealt with in the preceding paragraphs naturally gave an impulse to the wider scholarship. Translations were made from Greek, as, e.g.
It has been thought that the Ionian migration from Greece carried with it some part of a population which retained the artistic traditions of the "Mycenaean" civilization, and so caused the birth of the Ionic school; but whether this was so or not, it is certain that from the 8th century onwards we find the true spirit of Hellenic art, stimulated by commercial intercourse with eastern civilizations, working out its development chiefly in Ionia and its neighbouring isles.
horns, climbing plants, shavings of wood or metal) that too much stress must not be laid on the mutual parentage of spiraliform ornament in different civilizations.
The conception of an encompassing ocean bounding the habitable world is found in the creation myths of the most ancient civilizations.
They bring out perfectly, however, the fact of close connexion between the two civilizations.
A year later, under the ministry of Falk, it developed into what the great scientist, Rudolf Virchow, called a Kulturkampf, or conflict of civilizations.
Examples of all these myths are found among savages and in the legends of the ancient civilizations.
The real history of the Sudan will therefore be concerned with the evolution of what may be called East African or East Central African civilizations.
You have the dominant armies in this galaxy, and the other civilizations in your solar system are sick of the war.
The Council disallowed lasers or other advanced weapons, instead opting for the traditional weapons of their ancestors, and the only weapons some planets with their crude civilizations in the nearby galaxies used.
Swiping at the air, A'Ran couldn't help but feel furious that the Council would protect such civilizations from those that were more advanced out of some sense of fairness while sitting by doing nothing as his planet was overrun and his parents murdered.
Ancient Mexican civilizations left a dazzling legacy for modern museum visitors.
China is one of the oldest continuous major world civilizations, with records dating back over 5,000 years.
In China's views, the world's diverse civilizations are the shared heritage of humanity and an invaluable source of prosperity.
ancient civilizations in the region.
clash of civilizations.
extraterrestrial civilizations simply haven't had enough time to find us yet.
About the Author Austen Atkinson's most enduring passion is history, and he has had a life-long obsession with lost civilizations and cities.
The early scripts of the Mediterranean civilizations used pictographs, ideographs and hieroglyphs.
pre-Columbian civilizations of Central America.
The major frameworks include sociobiology, theodicy, political realism and ' the clash of civilizations ' .
syllabic systems developed at the periphery of major civilizations, or where two civilizations meet.
Pure gold cutlery and eating utensils were used extensively by ancient civilizations.
This, coupled with the realization of the fact that the value to France of her colonies was mainly commercial,, led at length to the abandonment of the attempt to impose on a great number of diverse peoples, some possessing (as in Indo-China and parts of West Africa) ancient and highly complex civilizations, French laws, habits of mind, tastes and manners.
Existing civilizations were respected, a considerable degree of autonomy was granted, and every effort made to raise the moral and economic status of the natives.
in the Miles and the Poenulus) the result is generally not happy; and the romanization of the plays by way of allusions to towns in Italy, to the streets, gates and markets of Rome, to Roman magistrates and their duties, to Roman laws and the business of Roman law-courts, banks, comitia and senate, &c., involves the poet in all the difficulties of attempting to blend two different civilizations.
Desert pastoral life does not necessarily imply any intellectual inferiority, and its religious conceptions, though susceptible of modification, are not artificially moulded through the influence of other civilizations.
But in the 7th century they were defeated by Heraclius, and shortly afterwards were annihilated before the first impetus of the Mahommedan conquest, which established Islam in Persia and the neighbouring lands, sweeping away old civilizations and boundaries.
(2) Literary traditions of subsequent civilizations, especially the Hellenic, such as, e.g., those embodied in the Homeric poems, the legends concerning Crete, Mycenae, &c.; statements as to the origin of gods, cults and so forth, transmitted to us by Hellenic antiquarians such as Strabo, Pausanias, Diodorus Siculus, &c.
The few fragmentary records, which have come down to us from past civilizations, must not be regarded as representing the totality of their knowledge, and the omission of a science or art does not necessarily imply that the science or art was unknown.
It is generally assumed that they had previously been subject to the Syro-Cappadocian empire; but, up to 1909 at all events, "Hittite" monuments had not been found in Cilicia; and we must infer that the "Hittite" civilizations which flourished in Cappadocia and N.
Gold ornaments of great variety and elaborate workmanship have been discovered on sites belonging to the earliest known civilizations, Minoan, Egyptian, Assyrian, Etruscan (see Jewelry, Plate, Egypt, Crete, Aegean Civilization, Numismatics), and in ancient literature gold is the universal symbol of the highest purity and value (cf.
The history of Africa Minor is the history of all those foreigners who have successively endeavoured to exploit this land, the history of their divers civilizations struggling against an everrenascent barbarism.
A colony of Sla y s soon joined the Latin settlers at Ragusa, and thus, from an early date, the city formed a link between two great civilizations (see Vlachs).
To qualify himself for these two positions he had to study the most diverse civilizations, including those of the East and Far East (e.g.
The study of the stars is coeval with the birth of astronomy (see Astronomy: History); and among the earliest civilizations beneficent or malevolent influences were assigned to them (see Astrology).
The major frameworks include sociobiology, theodicy, political realism and ' the clash of civilizations '.
Syllabic systems developed at the periphery of major civilizations, or where two civilizations meet.
There are websites dedicated to the ancient myths and legends of different civilizations, and these are a good source of names.
In fact, both civilizations used solar power techniques for heating public baths.
Used by early civilizations, the aloe vera plant is still a popular choice for medicinal use due to its many healing properties and therapeutic uses.
This giant library explores history and the many cultures of some of the largest and most critical civilizations in Earth's history.
While the popularity of vegetarianism and veganism may be relatively new to some, many ancient cultures and civilizations have a long heritage of vegetarian and vegan foods.
In these ancient civilizations it was used as much for healing purposes as seasoning purposes.
South and Central American tours focusing on ancient Mayan and Inca civilizations.
Many ancient civilizations relied upon grapes or a by-product of grapes for sustenance.
The first recorded instances of belly button rings are from ancient Egyptian civilizations.
These would have been the style of earring that were worn by people in ancient civilizations and examples of hoop earrings can be found in many museums and collections.
Examples of gold jewelry have been found amongst the remains of many ancient civilizations including Roman, Greek and Egyptian.
Many early civilizations celebrated birth with a special stone that was said to bring the recipient good luck and health.
There is a long and fascinating history of birthstones with many ancient civilizations embracing the power of special gemstones.
Since the days of ancient civilizations people have carried mementos and keepsakes with them in different forms.
Most ancient civilizations used gemstones in some form and this tradition remains popular today.
Ancient civilizations believed that pearls had magical properties and wore them as sacred jewelry.
In this game, you guide one of over a dozen civilizations through several campaigns and scenarios.
From there, you can evolve life, build tribes, expand civilizations, and even achieve intergalactic travel.
Veterans of previous Civ games will find two additional civilizations to play from, more than three times the amount of buildings, 10 new leaders and a host of new resources, specialists, technologies, units, and wonders.
Unlock each super weapon using this code and you'll definitely have an added advantage over your enemy civilizations.
The final phase in Spore is the space phase where you get to explore other planets and their civilizations.
And if along the way they were also creating a global drug cartel or developing Roman civilizations or blowing up aliens, well, that's just what makes Palm such a feature-rich product.
Unlike dogs, cats were not domesticated until about 3000 B.C., and were important to ancient civilizations as rodent catchers and household companions rather than as protectors or hunters of wild game.
In some civilizations, knowing the family tree was so important; children memorized hundreds of their ancestors' names, in order of birth.
Historic fiction is another creative way to help your student understand history, cultures, and social values of different eras and civilizations.
A roll of the dice tells the players what resources the island produces, and then players gather these to build up their civilizations.
Development cards are an important part of the game because they allow the players to move the robber, build up their civilizations, and even win a point or two.
Incense is used by many cultures and civilizations and is recognized to have many special qualities.
Bygone civilizations in Europe, and particularly in Scandinavia, deemed it necessary to "call back the sun" with rituals, offerings, and celebrations.
In Roman times, rings were often carved to symbolize two hands clasped, and other civilizations' rings would be carved with a key in them to symbolize a key to the heart.
It has a long and interesting history and items of gold jewelry are found at the remains of many ancient civilizations.
Ancient civilizations wore wedding rings as symbols of commitment.
The Mayans believed that four worlds with their own history and civilizations preceded our own.
Even non-believers sometimes use the writings of the 2012 Mayan prophecies and other ancient civilizations to illustrate their case that humans need to take climate change seriously.
Ancient civilizations were not immune to the wonder of the comets over head, add have seen the appearance of them as an omen or sign that the end of the world is upon us; a harbinger of doom.
Many years ago, they were seen as harbingers of death and doom as they would remind undeveloped civilizations that there are things they just could not understand or grasp.
Ancient civilizations (and more modern ones) have long viewed the skies as a mystical presence and there are some religions where stars and constellations play a role in their beliefs.
Even though the art of tattooing has evolved into modern presentation and execution, the designs themselves often represent rich mythology and lore depicted by ancient civilizations.
In primitive civilizations, reasons for tribal body scarification included religious ritualism, rites of passage like marriage or creating offspring and documentation of great achievements.
The modern world craves meaning and purpose in all aspects of life, which often leads seekers to explore the mythology of past eras or civilizations alien to their own.
In ancient civilizations the moon played a mystical and magical part in popular culture of the time.
Many ancient civilizations used leather for a variety of purposes and the remains are found today in many important archaeological sites.
Perhaps it goes back to the birth of the space age when technology enthralled civilizations, but whatever the case, anything atomic remains intrinsically attractive to people everywhere.
The 5,000 mile long Silk Road became a permanent trade route throughout those early civilizations.
Silky lingerie has been worn for centuries by men and women in different civilizations.
Dyson, is the classic novel of listening for messages from distant alien civilizations.
Others believe that mechanized automation is the downfall of civilizations as theorized in movies like Terminator and more recently, Eagle Eye.
These are the voyages of the star ship Enterprise, its ongoing mission, to explore strange new worlds, to seek out new life and new civilizations, to boldly go where no one has gone before."
The lasting appeal of Star Trek sounds is a testament to Gene Roddenberry's vision of a universe in which the people of earth play a peaceful rule in exploring "new life and new civilizations".
The relation to Asia of the pre-European civilizations of America is another of those questions which admit of no definite answer at present, though many facts support the theory that the semi-civilized inhabitants of Mexico and Central America crossed from Asia by Bering Straits and descended the west coast.
The Latin kingdom of Jerusalem was the meeting-place of two civilizations: on its soil the East learned from the West, and - perhaps still more - the West learned from the East.
If we are to accept and profit by Dorpfeld's nomenclature, we must be satisfied that, in their later historic habitats, both Lycians and Carians showed unmistakable signs of having formerly possessed the civilizations attributed to them in prehistoric times - signs which research has hitherto wholly failed to find.
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