Herodotus loc. cit.; Thucydides i.
24, loc. cit.
34, loc. cit.
73; Pliny, loc. cit.
Puchstein, op. cit.; C. Hulsen in PaulyWissowa, Encyclopddie, i.
Scano, op. cit.
I; Niese, op. cit.
Later, Dr Nehring (op. cit.
345), that only compounds containing two carbon atoms yielded fulminates, points to (Hcno) 2; on the other hand, Wohler (loc. cit.
The spreading branches have a tendency to assume a tortuous form, owing to the central shoots becoming abortive, and the growth thus being continued laterally, causing a zigzag development, more exaggerated in old trees and those standing in From Kotschy, op. cit.
Sargent (Silva of North America) as one of the From Michaux, op. cit.
mongolica is From Kotschy, op. cit.
The official life of St Francis is St Bonaventura's Legenda, published in a convenient form by the Franciscans of Quaracchi (1898); Goetz's estimate of it (op. cit.) is much more favourable than Sabatier's.
xvii.), and in Clavatella each whorl consists regularly of eight (Allman, loc. cit.
The hypostome of the hydropolyp may be small, or, on the other hand, as in Eudendrium (Allman, loc. cit.
- op. cit.
All causes, except the " greater," were to be terminated in the country where the proper cognizance would lie (Migne, op. cit.
Thence there was appeal to the pope (de Maillane, op. cit.
and Marguerite of Valois in 1599 (Migne, op. cit.
The bishop or, failing him, the metropolitan, was to see such legacies properly paid and applied and might appoint persons to administer the funds (Pollock and Maitland, op. cit.
Pollock and Maitland, op. cit.
From the 13th century, however, inclusive, the king's courts insisted on their exclusive jurisdiction in regard to all realty, temporal or " spiritual " (Pollock and Maitland, op. cit.
In 1231, in such a suit, the bishop of London accepts wager of battle (Pollock and Maitland, op. cit.
For " misdemeanours," as yet unimportant, he had no exemption from secular jurisdiction (Pollock and Maitland, op. cit.
forbade spiritual courts to take cognizance of " real " and "possessory " actions even in regard to clerks (Migne, loc. cit.; cf.
After the, 4th century, the latter had exclusive jurisdiction (Van Espen, op. cit.
(b) Reclusion in a monastery continued from former period, and might be either temporary or perpetual (loc. cit.
But they sat again for this purpose under Mary and Elizabeth and (save between 1640 and 1661) continued regular criminal sessions till towards the end of the 17th century as continuously and constantly as the king's courts (op. cit.).
By Scots act of 1707, c. 9, their powers were transferred to the judges of the court of session, who now constitute a " teind court " (Brodie-Innes, op. cit.
In the United States, the 3rd plenary council of Baltimore in 1884 provided that one rector out of ten should be irremovable (Smith, op. cit.
A desservant has an informal appeal, by way of recourse, to the metropolitan and ultimately to the pope (Smith, op. cit.
The bishop's " official " is now universally called his vicargeneral (except in France, where sometimes an official is appointed eo nomine), and generally exercises both voluntary and contentious jurisdiction (op. cit.
Smith, op. cit.
Appeal lies, in nearly all cases, to the metropolitan (Smith, op. cit.
The next step in the hierarchy, that of "primates" (supra), has " in the present state of the Church " ceased to exist for our purpose (Sanguineti, op. cit.
To it also lies a direct appeal from the court of first instance, omisso medio (Smith, op. cit.
These are (1) causes relating to elections, translations and deprivations of, and criminal prosecutions against, bishops, and (2) the matrimonial cases of princes (Taunton, op. cit.
Many such appeals were taken, notably in the case of Leon, bishop of Rostov (Mouravieff, op. cit.
After the taking of Constantinople in 1452, the Russian metropolitans were always chosen and consecrated in Russia, appeals ceased, and Moscow became de facto autocephalous (Joyce, ubi sup. p. 379; Mouravieff, op. cit.
As the result of a long series of legislation, beginning with him and ending with Catherine II., all church property of every kind was transferred to secular administration, allowances, according to fixed scales, being made for ministers, monks and fabrics (op. cit.
Its decisions must be confirmed by the bishop (op. cit.
Since the War of Independence, the kingdom of Greece has been ecclesiastically organized after the model of Russia, as one autocephalous " province," separated from its old patriarchate of Constantinople, with an honorary metropolitan and honorary archbishops (Neale, op. cit.
There is attached to it a government commissioner, with no vote, but affixing his signature to the synodical judgments (Joyce, op. cit.
All matrimonial causes are heard by the secular tribunals (Lehr, op. cit.
Such a court can only suspend for seven days unless with the sanction of the Holy Synod (Joyce, op. cit.).
Each bishop is assisted by at least two officers with judicial or quasi-judicial powers, the " archimandrite " who adjudicates upon causes of revenue and the archdeacon who adjudicates on questions between deacons (op. cit.
Matrimonial causes in Servia are of ecclesiastical cognizance (Lehr, op. cit.
Ramsay, op. cit.; W.
2 Flahault and Schrhter (op. cit.).
(1894, op~ cit.).
Moss, op. cit.
For example, rae Arenarion in one climatic or geographical region might be in~~ med an a-Arenarion and one in a different region a a-Arena- ~j1j ri, and so on (Moss, bc. cit.).
Jeremias, Alte Test., loc. cit.; and Ed.
(Fonseca, op. cit.
Myers, op. cit.
3 Moore regards this verse as belonging to the J or older document, op. cit.
6 Though this be an interpolated gloss (Thenius, Budde), it states a significant truth as Kautzsch clearly shows, op. cit.
Severo (Ricci, op. cit.
See Joyce, op. cit.
For the method of their formation see Joyce, op. cit.
Land's Appendix (op. cit.
The Jews were thrust into a position of isolation, and the Code of Theodosius and other authorities characterize the Jews as a lower order of depraved beings (inferiores and perversi), their community as a godless, dangerous sect (secta nefaria, feralis), their religion a superstition, their assemblies for religious worship a blasphemy (sacrilegi coetus) and a contagion (Scherer, op. cit.
Finally the city of London - not only as the converted champion of religious liberty but as the convinced apologist of the Jews - sent Baron Lionel de Rothschild to knock at the door of the unconverted House of Commons as parliamentary representative of the first city in the world " (Wolf, loc. cit.).
The most petty limitations of Jewish commercial activity continued; thus at about this period the community of Prague, in a petition, " complain that they are not permitted to buy victuals in the market before a certain hour, vegetables not before 9 and cattle not before II o'clock; to buy fish is sometimes altogether prohibited; Jewish druggists are not permitted to buy victuals at the same time with Christians " (op. cit.).
The law of 1890 makes it " compulsory for every Jew to be a member of the congregation of the district in which he resides, and so gives to every congregation the right to tax the individual members " (op. cit.).
So far, then, as this declaration is concerned, it is clear that Gramont's responsiblity must be shared with his sovereign and his colleagues (0111vier op. cit.
0111vier, "it was the result only of obedience, not of warlike premeditation" (op. cit.
See also Manso, op. cit.
185-215), though an abstract forming part of a Prodrome d'une nouvelle distribution du regne animal appeared earlier (op. cit.
8 This plan, having been repeated by Schopss in 1829 (op. cit.
Altenburg, op. cit.
This is the open place on which a power that commands in the name of this meaning can exert its influence; and if under this command the inner condition of the elements, the magnitudes of their relation and their opposition to each other, become altered, the necessity of the mechanical cause of the world must unfold this new state into a miraculous appearance, not through suspension but through strict maintenance of its general laws " (op. cit.
2 Maudud (the brother of the sultan Mahommed) may be regarded as the first to begin the jihad, or counter-crusade, and his attack expedition of 1113, which carried him so far into the heart of Palestine, may be considered as the first act of the jihad (Stevenson, op. cit.
but was not so intended by Zengi (op. cit.
Dennis, op. cit.
IV., V., 1914); King, Schweich Lectures, 1916, p. 20, ff.; (39) Poebel, loc. cit.
Of the large body of such passages (see op. cit.
loc. cit.; Diog.
Jackson, op. cit.
Osborn, "Phylogeny of the Rhinoceroses of Europe," op. cit.
Ginzberg, op. cit.
x'.130: Rodriguez Ferrer, op. cit.
The full expression of the idea and its development into a philosophy of mathematics is due to Russell, loc. cit.
See loc. cit.
Soc. (London, 1899); "On Geographical and Individual Variation in Mus sylvaticus and its Allies," op. cit.
He is further credited by the scholiast on Aristophanes (loc. cit.) with having composed comedies, dithyrambs, epigrams, paeans, hymns, scolia, encomia and elegies; and he is the reputed author of a philosophical treatise on the mystic number three.
See Edlbacher, Landeskunde von OberÃ¶sterreich (Linz, 2nd ed., 1883); Vansca, op. cit.
Lamb, loc. cit.
These, together with values of nt 2 N for cylindrical rods, and of N and m 2 N for ellipsoids of revolution, are given in the following useful table (loc. cit.
Fleming and Dewar (loc. cit.
] Honda and Shimizu (loc. cit.) have determined the two critical temperatures for eleven nickel-steel ovoids, containing from 24.04 to 70.32% of nickel, under a magnetizing force of 400, and illustrated by an interesting series of curves, the gradual transformation of the magnetic properties as the percentage of nickel was decreased.
Additional authorities are quoted by Lloyd, loc. cit.
The magnetic properties of the metal at different temperatures and in fields up to 1350 units have been studied by P. Curie (loc. cit.), who found that its " specific susceptibility " (K) was independent of the strength of the field, but decreased with rise of temperature up to the melting-point, 273° C. His results appear to show the relation - K X10 6 = I'381 - O'o0155t°.
have also been determined by the same investigator (loc. cit.).
(After Lankester, toe cit.) Magnified MOO p GC. D R.
(From Lankester, loc. cit.) figs.
(After Lankester, loc. cit.) the last pair of legs in both Scorpio and Limulus, viz.
(From Lankester, loc. cit.) palpiform appendages.
(From Lankester, loc. cit.) forming a star-like chitinous centre in section, each lateral eye of Scorpio has several rhabdoms of five or less rhabdomeres, indicating that the Limulus lateral eye-unit is more specialized than the detached lateral eyelet of Scorpio, so as to present a coincidence of one lens with one rhabdom.
(After Lankester, loc. cit.) eyes, it is to be noted that no Crustacean has structures corresponding to the peculiar diplostichous central eyes, though these occur again (with differences in detail) in Hexapoda.
(After Lankester, loc. cit.) has as many structure of the prosoma, and must play an important part economy of these organisms. In Limulus (figs.
(After Brauer, loc. cit.) op Sapp FIG.
39 sqq.), Expulsion of Adam from Paradise (op. cit.
47 sqq.), Penitence of Adam and Eve (op. cit.
4; Preuschen, op. cit.
xviii.), but this is declared to be untrustworthy by Zahn, op. cit.
642-723; Preuschen, op. cit.
It circulated among the Nazarenes in Syria, and was composed, according to Zahn (op. cit.
Zahn (op. cit.
The more fragmentary recension gives the history of the childhood from the 5th to the 8th year, and is entitled LGyypa j sa roil) e yiov arov76Xov 7rEpi Tijs 7racScKCis avaUTpocbC7s Tou Kvpiov (Tischendorf, op. cit.
13-16, 22: see Preuschen, op. cit.
It was used by the Ebionites, and was written, according to Zahn (op. cit.
See Zahn,, op. cit.
See Lipsius, op. cit.
424-467; Zahn (op. cit.
864), wrote about 160 (op. cit.
An independent Latin translation of the " Martyrdom of Peter " is published by Lipsius (op. cit.
See Zahn, op. cit.
In another legend he was blinded by Oenopion of Chios for having violated his daughter Merope; but having made his way to the place where the sun rose, he recovered his sight (Hyginus, loc. cit.; Parthenius, Erotica, 20).
Comites Palatii Lateranensis; Selden, op. cit.
1899, 20, p. 34 1), as a yellow amorphous powder by the action of dilute sulphuric acid on the potassium salt, which is formed when columbic acid is fused in a silver crucible with eight times its weight of caustic potash (loc. cit.).
A heavy white precipitate, consisting of ammonium chloride and columbium nitride, is thrown down, and the ammonium chloride is removed by washing it out with hot water, when the columbium nitride remains as an amorphous residue (Hall and Smith, loc. cit.).
Duchesne, op. cit.); Ordericus Vitalis' Historia ecclesiastica (ed.
The chief agricultural products of Hungary are wheat, rye, barley, oats and maize, the acreage and produce of which are shown in the following tables: Seton -Watson, op. cit.
de Bertha, La Constitution Hongroise (Paris, 1898), both supporting the policy of Magyarization; Akos von Timon, Ungarische Verfassungsand Rechtsgeschichte (Berlin, 1904); Knatchbull-Hugessen, op. cit.
d Airy, loc. cit.
Duval, op. cit.
Tixeront, Origines de l'Eglise d'Edesse, p. 93, and Duval, op. cit.
4 See the explanation in Burkitt, op. cit.
8 See the lists in Wright, op. cit.
Lewis (Cambridge, 1898); and Nau, op. cit.
4 Labourt, op. cit.
On the less important companions of Barsauma and NarsaiMari, Acacius and Mikha, see Wright (op. cit.
An account of his theological position, derived from the treatise of Babhai De unione, will be found in Labourt, op. cit.
Resolutions, ap. Mansi, op. cit.
Muller, op. cit.
iii., Rolls Series, 1886); the Chronicon Anglicanum of Ralph of Coggeshall (Rolls Series, 1875); the Flores Historiarum of Roger of Wendover (Rolls Series, 3 vols., 1886-89); the Gesta Philippi Augusti of Rigord (Societe de l'histoire de France, Paris, 1882) and of Guillaume le Breton (op. cit.).
4 On Michabo see Brinton, op. cit.
From Kotschy, op. cit.
Chase, loc. cit.
Regnault determined its specific heat between o° and too° to be 0.0308; Kahlbaum, Roth and Siedler (loc. cit.) give the value 0.03055.
Kent (op. cit) and of G.
28 (op. cit.
Tourneux (op. cit.) discusses the authenticity of the memoirs of Tilly, Clery, Lauzun, &c. The chief of these memoirs are: Mme Campan, Memoires sur la vie privee de Marie Antoinette (5th ed., 2 vols., Paris, 1823, Eng.
is See Lightfoot, op. cit.
Hogg, op. cit.
Bruce, op. cit.
Britain there are evidences of 1 Op. cit.
s Grueber, op. cit.
8 Ruding, op. cit.
As a considerable time elapses between the receipt of bullion by the Mint and the delivery of the coin, it is generally 1 Grueber, op. cit.
2 Ruding, op. cit.
§ 347), and Kirchhoff investigated it, taking into account both the viscosity and the heat communication between the air and the walls of the pipe (loc. cit.
Lord Rayleigh (loc. cit.) points out that this FIG.
8 Jastrow, op. cit.
loc. cit.; Isa.
Lorentz, loc. cit.
Vinen, loc. cit.), with gallic and ellagic acids, ligneous fibre, water, and minute quantities of proteids, chlorophyll, resin, free sugar and, in the cells around the inner shelly chamber, calcium oxalate.
The same authority (loc, cit.
The oak-apple often contains the larvae of Braconidae and Ichneumonidae, which Von Schlechtendal (loc. sup. cit.
For complete details see Charles, op. cit.
Charles has examined (op. cit.
The grounds for this date will be found in Charles, op. cit.
280-285; Charles, op. cit.
2 See Merenptah's account of the defeat of these invaders in Maspero, op. cit.
(1909), p. 103.8 King, op. cit.
The traditional Western day for the Christmas festival, 25th December, goes back as far as Hippolytus, loc. cit.; the traditional Eastern day, 6th January, as far as the Basilidian Gnostics (but in their case only as a celebration of the Baptism), mentioned by Clement of Alexandria, loc. cit.
Moreover, the wide currency in early times of the tradition of the single-year ministry (Ptolemaeus, ap. Iren, loc. cit.; Clementine Homilies, xvii.
But in one of the two empirical tests of the value of these calculations that he was able to obtain (loc. cit.
41, 86), and with the modern practice of employing innocent instruments of chance in lotteries (op. cit.
(" Our Lord's use of the Old Testament "); Briggs, op. cit.
sqq., and Thackeray, op. cit.
549 seq., 55 2, 57 6; Schechter, op. cit.
p. 62; Strack, op. cit.
English lurked in farms and hovels, amongst villeins and serfs, in the outlying country-districts, in the distant ' See Stevenson, Waring and Skeat, op. cit.
Bright, The Gospel of Saint Luke in Anglo-Saxon (Oxford, 1893); for earlier editions see Cook, op. cit, p. lx.
Under such circumstances it would be folly to look upon them as anything but late productions, at all events later than the Early Version, and equal folly to assign these bulky volumes to the last two years of Wycliffe's 3 See Paues, op. cit.
Foxe states (op. cit.
2 Westcott, op. cit.
From Matthew's Bible - itself a combination of the labours of Tyndale and Coverdale - all later revisions have been successively formed " (op. cit.
The Convocation of Canterbury refreshed the Westcott, op. cit.
See examples in Westcott, op. cit.
Westcott, op. cit.
The different parts of the Bible vary considerably in merit, the alterations in the New Testament, for instance, showing freshness and vigou-, whereas most of the changes introduced in the Old Testament have been condemned as " arbitrary and at variance with the exact sense of the Hebrew text " (Westcott, op cit.
(1906), 60, pp. 160, 162; and op. cit.
Mesnil," op. cit.
1252, figs.; (37) idem, " Note on the nature of the parasitic bodies found in tropical splenomegaly," op. cit.
Soc. (1907), 79 B, p. 35 .; (41b) idem (with Gray and Tulloch), " Glossina palpalis in relation to Trypanosoma gambiense," &c., op. cit.
(1904), 56, p. 123, fig.; (54) idem, " Hemamibes des oiseaux et moustiques ` Generations alternantes,' de Schaudinn," op. cit.
Senn, " Beitrage zur Kenntniss der Flagellaten des Rattenblutes," op. cit.
It would also appear from Festus (op. cit.
Kneeling with a view to adoration of the elements was unheard of in the primitive church, and the Armenian Fathers of the 12th century insist that the sacrament was intended by Christ to be eaten and not gazed at (Nerses, op. cit.
" In later times," observes the same writer (op. cit.
" The Hebrews," says Robertson Smith (op. cit.
In Hindostan, as Maine remarks (op. cit.
Brauer (loc. cit.).
loc. cit.), and a period of only four generations is presupposed in Gen.
Philochorus in his Atthis (ap. Macrobius loc. cit.) further identified this divinity, at whose sacrifices men and women exchanged garments, with the moon.
The corresponding amide, phenyl-azo-carbonamide, C6H5N2: CONH 2, also results from the oxidation of phenylsemicarbazide (Thiele, loc. cit.), and forms reddish-yellow needles which melt at 114° C. When heated with benzaldehyde to 120° C. it yields diphenyloxytriazole, (C6H5)2CN3C(OH).
508); Sermons in verse (P. Meyer, op. cit.
xlv.); Proverbes de bon enseignement (op. cit.
516), also composed a Bounte des femmes (P. Meyer, op. cit.
And this conclusion Cyril had already come to (loc. cit.).
P. Lesson, who had previously (loc. cit.) made some blunders about it, placed it (Traite d'Ornithologie, p. 12), though only, as he says, "par analogie et a priori," in his first division of birds, "Oiseaux Anomaux," which is equivalent to what we now call Ratitae, making of it a separate family "Nullipennes."
- Infessura, op. cit.; Burchardi, Diarium i.
263), or on the Constantinople obelisk simply "the Great Bend of .Naharin" (loc. cit.
296), an immigration of new elements into Suri - in that case perhaps one of the early representatives of the "Hittite" group. According to the Omens text Sargon seems to have settled colonies in Suri, and suggestions of an anticipation of the later Assyrian policy of transportation have been found by King (op. cit.) under the rulers of this time, and there are evidences of lively intercommunication.
2 372 54, 384-395; "The Western Bend of the Euphrates," op. cit.
op. cit.; M.
Muller, loc. cit.
For the patristic literature see Wohlenberg (op. cit.
Soc. (London, 18 94), p. 2 49; id., op. cit.
(1896); p. 65; id., op. cit.
"There are many souls not good enough to dispense with this provision, and not bad enough to be benefited by it" (op. cit.
Frazer suggests (loc. cit.
The presbyter John, whom Papias quotes, says distinctly that "he neither heard the Lord nor accompanied Him" (Eusebius, loc. cit.); and this positive statement is fatal to the tradition, which does not appear until about two hundred and fifty years afterwards, that he was one of the seventy disciples (Epiphanius, pseudo-Origen De recta in Deum fide, and the author of the Paschal Chronicle).
The Liberty party had previously, in November 1847, nominated 3 See Helmholtz, op. cit.
P. Thompson (loc. cit.), consists of two fixed plates of brass A and C (fig.
P. Thompson's paper (loc. cit.), represents a view of the distribution of these charges on the front and back plates respectively.
To an earlier stage of the Latin league, perhaps to about 430 B.C. (Mommsen, op. cit.
It has been finely expressed from the Presbyterian standpoint by Dr Milligan, op. cit.
C. Butler, op. cit.
p. 245; see also Hannay, op. cit.
The Christian Brothers, devoted to primary education, founded by St Jean Baptiste de la Salle in 1679, are not in orders (Heimbucher, op. cit.
Olier, 1642), and a vast number of others, including several for the mission to the heathen (see Heimbucher op. cit.
In 1908 there were thirtyfour newspapers and periodicals published in the cit y, of which thirteen were Spanish, fourteen were English, two were Chinese, and five were Tagalog; the principal dailies were the Manila Times, Cablenews American, El Comercio, El Libertas, El Mercantil, El Renacimiento and La Democracia.
Hannay, op. cit.
(See Butler, op. cit.
p. 233; Hannay, op. cit.
4, 5; Schiwietz, op. cit.
(On St Pachomius and his monastic institute see P. Ladeuze, Cenobitisme Pakhomien (1898); Schiwietz, op. cit.
See Munk, op. cit.
The spot where this occurred was shown to both the pilgrims just mentioned (Fa Hien, loc. cit.
Before the combination of Clericals and Federalists the ministry broke down; they were divided among themselves; Counts Taaffe and Alfred Potocki, the minister of agriculture, wished to conciliate the Slav races - a policy recommended 1 The documents are printed in Baron de Worms, op. cit.
After the capture of Ravenna in 540 Procopius seems to have returned to Constantinople, since he minutely describes the great plague of 542 (op. cit.
Alexandria " under the Caucasus " commanded the road from Bactria over the Hindu-Kush; it lay somewhere among the hills to the north of Kabul, perhaps at Opian near Charikar (MacCrindle, Ancient India, p. 87, note 4); that it is the city meant by " Alasadda the capital of the Yona (Greek) country " in the Buddhist Mahavanso, as is generally affirmed, seems doubtful (Tarn, loc. cit.
If we argue by probability from what we know of the conditions, we have to consider that the Greek rule in India was all through fighting for existence, and can have had " little time or energy left for such things as art, science and literature " (Tarn, loc. cit.
For Jewish Hellenism see Scharer, op. cit.
(1896), viii., 137, and the "Four Phyla of Oligocene Titanotheres," op. cit.
6 Op. cit.
(1879) 117-130, where a complete list of nauarchs known to us will be found; regarding the time of the election this is corrected by a later article of the same writer (Philologus, loc. cit.).
3); and whenever he entered his native country he gave a gold piece to every woman of Pasargadae in remembrance of the heroic intervention of their ancestors in the battle (Nic. Damasc. loc. cit.; Plut.
Schonbein (loc. cit.) assumed that the ordinary oxygen molecule is decomposed into two parts which carry electrical charges of opposite kinds, the one with the positive charge being called "antozone" and the other carrying the negative charge being called "ozone," one variety being preferentially used up by the oxidizing compound or element and the other for the secondary reaction.
Traube (loc. cit.), on the other hand, concludes that the oxygen molecule enters into action as a whole and that on the oxidation of metals, hydrogen peroxide and the oxide of the metal are the primary products of the reaction.
Normandy was the best-governed part of France in the nth century; and the Danes in East Anglia and the Five Burgs were in many regards a model to their Saxon neighbours (Steenstrup, op. cit.
A good illustration of the prevalence of houseinfesting animals and insects is given by Mr Whymper (op. cit.
Hamilton, Discussions, 1852; p. 647; Rashdall, loc. cit.
To acquire this a doctor must present a further thesis (Habilitationsschrift), and must deliver two lectures, one before the faculty, followed by a discussion (colloquium), the other in public; but these lectures " seem to be merely secondary and are tending to become so more and more "; " scientific productiveness is so sharply emphasized among the conditions for admission that it overshadows all the rest " (Paulsen, loc. cit.
7 is probably the earlier limit (see Charles, op. cit.
Charles (op. cit.
222; Charles op. cit.
4 Dhorme, op. cit.
61 sqq.; Dhorme, op. cit.
So especially Meyer and Luther, op. cit.; cf.
(London, 1907), pp. 74, 188; Meyer, op. cit., pp. 83, 85 (on the Levites); Gressmann, loc. cit.; S.
It is already suggested that allusions to a sojourn in Egypt may refer, not to the remote times of Jacob and Moses but to the circumstances of the 7th century; see C. Steuernagel, op. cit.
7 sqq.), and only returned - laden with spoils, images captured from Egypt by Cambyses, and captives (Jerome on Daniel loc. cit.) - to put down a domestic rebellion.
For Harsha's reign see Smith, op. cit.
190; Buhl, op. cit.
de Chimie, 1802) he showed that different gases are dilated in the same proportion when heated from o° to ioo° C. Apparently he did not know of Dalton's experiments on the same point, which indeed were far from accurate; but in a note he explained that "le cit.
184, espec. b -3, but see Maier, loc. cit.
13 Zeller (loc. cit.
1087a Zeller loc. cit.
Sextus, op. cit.
17.4 Loc. cit.
Thus (loc. cit.
2 Op. cit.
Rabus loc. cit.) would be endless.
It appears that the relatively enormous deviations of CaC1 2 from Raoult's law are accounted for on the hypothesis that a=9, but there is a slight uncertainty about the degree of ionization of the strongest solutions at-50° C. Cane-sugar appears to require 5 molecules of water of hydration both at o° C. and at loo° C., whereas KC1 and NaCI take more water at loo° C. than at o° C. The cases considered by Callendar (loc. cit.) are necessarily limited, because the requisite data for strong solutions are comparatively scarce.
1900, loc. cit.) that the effect of the variation of the specific heat of the liquid is represented in the equation for the vapour-pressure by adding to the right-hand side of (23) the term - (d4-dh/9)/R.
It is equivalent, as Callendar (loc. cit.) points out, to supposing that the variation of the specific heat is due to the formation and solution of a mass w/(v-w) of vapour molecules per unit mass of the liquid.
It rapidly dissociates when heated in vacuo to 300° C. The existence of the oxide Rb 2 0 appears to be doubtful, the results of Erdmann and Kothner (loc. cit.) pointing to the formation of Rb0 2 by the direct union of the metal with dry oxygen.
The only satisfactory transcripts are those given by (1) Mommsen (loc. cit.) and by (2) I.
Mommsen's first attempt at dealing with the inscriptions and the language attained solid, if not very numerous, results, chief of which were the genitival character of the endings - aihi and ihi; and the conjunctional value of in91 (loc. cit.
- Muir, op. cit.; United States Geological Survey, zgth Annual Report, pt.
Duchesne, op. cit.
Lasch, op. cit.
Ramsay, op. cit.
even the Roman conception of the family, Maine, op. cit.
Schmidt, loc. cit.).
2 op. cit.
(2) See the original account reprinted with other documents in Haser, op. cit.; also Hecker, Epidemics of the Middle Ages, trans.
4 For the authorities, see Haser, Op. cit.
On the whole, then, the most tenable theory is that the writer of the " we " sections was also the author of Acts; and that he was Luke, Paul's companion during most of his later ministry, and also his " counterpart," "as a Hellene, who yet had personal sympathy with Jewish primitive Christianity " (Harnack, op. cit.
The second part pursues the history This view has received Harnack's support, op. cit.
4 Harnack, indeed, argues (op. cit.
Saunders (loc. cit.) thinks that the larger of them, which is about the size of a black-headed gull, should stand as S.
p. 109; Winckler, op. cit.
Fowler (op. cit.) has collected from Descartes, Gassendi, S.
Church, op. cit.; H.
Vacandard (loc. cit.
171-183); Bousset, op. cit.; Oesterley and Box, op. cit.
loc. cit.; and it is obvious that he need not mean our book (see Whiston's note).
(2nd ed., 1866); Engelhardt (1867); Nagelsbach, op. cit.
von Rohr (op. cit.), and more recently by A.
Gullstrand (op. cit.; Ann.
Rohr, op. cit.) this is generally supposed to be at Authorities.
The province of Khorasan, for instance, with some half million inhabitants, paid in 1885 ~I54,0oo in gold, and in addition natural produce to the value of f43,ooo (Curzon, op. cit.
Ghazan ~ dynasty of the Assassins or Ismailites was founded in 1090 and extended its rule over much of western Persia and, Syria (for the rulers see Stockvis, op. cit.
Picart (op. cit.
It intensified in the minds of many Boers the feeling of hostility towards the British already existing; some of the trekkers in1836-1840had taken part in and others had passively aided the rebellion of 1815 - " the most insane attempt ever made by a set of men to wage war against their sovereign " (Cloete, op. cit.
Ant., loc. cit.) to cause any but the dregs of the populace to incur defilement by living in a place thus unclean.
They expressed "a claim to deference rather than a right to be obeyed" (Hort, op. cit.
See Lea, loc. cit.
274 sqq., and Frazer's summary (op. cit.
The patristic and medieval literature is summarized by Sanday and Headlam (op. cit.
(see Pyman, loc. cit.
316 sq.; English translation in McGiffert, op. cit.
(For a fuller description of the development of Eusebius' Christology and of his attitude throughout the Arian controversy, see McGiffert, op. cit.
Migne, op. cit.
233.11 Chadwick, op. cit.
Vide Farnell, op. cit.
He assisted the expedition in various ways (Athenaeus, loc. cit.; see also Ovid, Metam.
Meyer, loc. cit.
2 Das Urchristenthum, 868, quoted by Cone, loc. cit.
For an example of the method of Acusilaus see Bury, op. cit.
207-209, and a short critical account of the most important of these in Charles, op. cit.
Scholars have varied greatly in their critical analyses of the work (see Charles, op. cit.
A new critical analysis of the book based on this view was given by Charles (op. cit.
A great fire broke out in the fort in the same year and caused enormous loss; but it enabled the government to open wider thoroughfares in the more congested parts, and greatly stimulated the tendency of the natives to build their houses and 1 See Hunter, op. cit.
Solid Phosphoretted Hydrogen, P 4 H 2, first obtained by Le Verrier (loc. cit.), is formed by the action of phosphorus trichloride on gaseous phosphine (Besson, Comptes rendus, 111, p. 972); by the action of water on phosphorus di-iodide and by the decomposition of calcium phosphide with hot concentrated hydrochloric acid.
It is also decomposed by carbonyl chloride (Besson, loc. cit.).
Phosphoric oxide, or phosphorus pentoxide, P4010, formed when phosphorus is burned in an excess of air or oxygen, or from dry phosphorus and oxygen at atmospheric pressure (Jungfleisch, loc. cit.), was examined by Boyle and named " flowers of phosphorus " by Marggraf in 1740.
Quinaldine may also be obtained by condensing ortho-aminobenzaldehyde with acetone in presence of caustic soda (P. Friedlander, loc. cit.).
codice contentis; de primo usu codicis canonum Dionysii Exigui in Gallicanis regionibus (Paris, 1675; with the critical notes of the brothers Ballerini, also in Migne, loc. cit.); and finally, Florent, De methodo atque auctoritate collectionis Gratiani (Paris, 1679), and Antonio Agustin, archbishop of Tarragona, De emendatione Gratiani (Tarragona, 1586); these have all been brought together in Gallandi, De vetustis canonum collectionibus dissertationurn sylloge (Venice, 1778).
This body of law the Protestant Episcopal Church of the United States took over (op. cit.
The House of Bishops was given a right to propose measures to the " House of Deputies," and to negative acts of the House of Deputies, provided they complied with certain forms. Similar " constitutions " providing for representation of the laity have been adopted by the different dioceses (Hoffman, op. cit.
Senderens, loc. cit.); by the reduction of cyclic esters with CH 2 CH2 / NCH2- -CHI sodium and alcohol (L.
Cyclo-heptadiene 1.3, C7Hio, is obtained from cyclo-heptene (Willstatter, loc. cit.).
Willstatter, loc. cit.).
Macarius of Jerusalem (op. cit.) declares that the grace of the spirit is given in answer to our prayers and entreaties for it, and that even a font is not needful, but only the wish and desire for grace.
Finally, five years later, Jeremiah (loc. cit.) records a third captivity.
Ludwig (op. cit.), E.
The theory has been vigorously opposed, notably by Semon (op. cit.), who saw in the holothurians a nearer approach to the ancestral form than was furnished by any calyculate echinoderm, and by the Sarasins, who derived the echinoids from the holothurians through forms with flexible tests (Echinothuridae, which, however, are now known to be specialized in this respect).
MacBride (op. cit.), who has insisted that in the fixed stage of the developing starfish, Asterina, the relations of these plates to the stem are quite different from those which they bear in the developing and adult crinoid.
"Because reference to the Deity will not serve for a physical explanation in physics, or a chemical explanation in chemistry, it does not therefore follow," as Professor Ward says (op. cit.
i.; Leem, Beskrivelse over Finmarkens Lapper (Copenhagen, 1767), in Danish and Latin; see also Pinkerton, loc. cit.; Sir A.
With regard to the first of these Taylor says (op. cit.
With regard to the second position one quotation will suffice (op. cit.
Haureau, op. cit.
6 Ginzel, loc. cit.
Thus again (op. cit.
Tylor, op. cit.
They too command the weather, and, says an old French missionary, " are regarded as very Jupiters, having in their hands the lightning and the thunder " (Relations, loc. cit.).
"Gaunab was at first a ghost, a mischief-maker and evil-doer " (op. cit.
His sacrament, when paste idols of him were eaten by the communicants, was at the winter solstice, whence it may, perhaps, be inferred that Huitzilopochtli was not only a war-god but a nature-god - in both respects anthropomorphic, and in both bearing traces of the time when he was but a humming-bird, as Yehl was a raven (Muller, op. cit.
For the composite character of Quetzalcoatl as a "culturehero " (a more polished version of Qat), as a " nature-god," and as a theriomorphic god see Muller (op. cit.
Wace, op. cit.; H.
On this feature see Luther and Meyer, op. cit.
See further, Luther and Meyer, op. cit.
pp. 465 ff., and Conway, op. cit.
Gabriel Stokes (loc. cit.) and by E.
on the Old Testament passages, Moore (loc. cit.), and Lagrange, Relig.
The chief discoveries which have been made are noted by Taramelli (loc. cit.) and include some important buildings, of which a large Roman house (or group of houses) is the only one now visible (G.
xx., 1897, and " A New Arrangement of the Existing Species of Equidae," Op. cit.
Macalister made Op. cit.
Daudet, op. cit.
See Daudet, op. cit.
Morris, op. cit.
They must feel before they will act " (op. cit.
Skeat's inquiry (loc. cit.), whether the name may not after all be South American, is to be answered in the negative, since, so far as evidence goes, it was given to the North-American bird before the South-American was known in Europe.
His son Ben-Hadad made an unsuccessful attack on Israel at Aphek, and was allowed by Ahab to depart on a reversal of these terms (loc. cit.).
Steineger, op. cit.
Marquart, op. cit.
(1853) pp. 227-229; and Ward, op. cit.
Bretschneider, On the Knowledge possessed by the Ancient Chinese of the Arabs, &c., p. 19, Lond., 1871.) 11 The Voyage of Nearchus, loc. cit.
c. 70], Indum plerumque vocent, ut ex Myrobalano nigro quem Indum appellant, patet " (op. sup. cit.
The entire book was translated into English by the last-named writer (op. cit.
Beer (op. cit.) agrees that xxxvi.
- The affinities of this book and 4 Ezra are so numerous (see Charles, op. cit.
R., loc. cit.; Yalqut Shim'oni on Is.
29 (see Charles, op. cit.); pp. lxv.
Kuhn, op. cit.
" Yet his nature had its kindly side: " He feels kindness deeply - and his love for his wife and children, and for all children, is very great " (Queen Victoria, loc. cit).
subsequent citations: Syme, Roman Revolution, 137 or Syme, op. cit.
donor kidney transplantation is so successful is because the CIT is only one to two hours long.
One of the reasons why live donor kidney transplantation is so successful is because the CIT is only one to two hours long.
op cit, Vol VI page 263.
Rothenberg, J., Avoiding technological quicksand, op cit.
Reference was made to English authorities such as Northern Developments (Cumbria) Ltd. v J.& J. Nichol cit. sup.
The plan of the former is given by Pinza (op. cit.), and that of the latter by La Marmora (op. cit.).
The finely-grained heart-wood is sought by the cabinetmaker for the manufacture From Kotschy, op. cit.
Full accounts of the accidence and syntax, so far as it is represented in the inscriptions, will be found in the grammars of Buck and von Planta already mentioned, and in the second volume of Conway, op. cit.
Houghton, 1901) will probably for a long time to come be accepted by the ordinary reader as a substantially correct portrait of St Francis; and yet Goetz declares that the most competent and independent critics have without any exception pronounced that Sabatier has depicted St Francis a great deal too much from the standpoint of modern religiosity, and has exaggerated his attitude in face of the church (op. cit.
knobbed at the extremity, as in Coryne (see Allman, loc. cit.
iv.); (3) branched, a rare form in the polyp, but seen in Cladocoryne (see Allman, loc. cit.
xi., cited Gaudry, op. cit.
From this period the parlements began the procedure which, after the Pragmatic Sanction of Charles VII., in 1438 took regular shape as the appel comme d'abus (supra; Migne, loc. cit.).
In its severer forms it was only inflicted for more atrocious crimes which the secular law would have punished with death (loc. cit.
If given, it was to be of a paternal character (loc. cit.
The substitution of " civilians," rather than common lawyers, for canonists (civilians, hitherto, not an important body in England) had important consequences (see Maitland, op. cit.
The tsar formally confirms its judgments; but sometimes reduces penalties in the exercise of the prerogative of mercy (see Mouravieff, op. cit.
It has original and exclusive cognizance of causes of deposition of bishops (op. cit.
Barbier (loc. cit.) gives as the formula for the engine resistance re = 8.51 +3.24S(I.
26, 27) and the latter were ancestral images (see Marti, op. cit.
from Epiphanius (loc. cit.) and Ephraem Syrus (Opp. Syr.
This conception of a conquering hero is entirely distinct from the narratives of the descent of Jacob into Egypt, &c. (see Meyer and Luther, op. cit.
" Before the crusades the Jews had practically a monopoly of trade in Eastern products, but the closer connexion between Europe and the East brought about by the crusades raised up a class of merchant traders among the Christians, and from this time onwards restrictions on the sale of goods by Jews became frequent " (op. cit.).
Brauer, Lubbock, Sharp, Burner, &c. (opp. cit.); P. Mayer (Jena, Zeits.
There are the Third, Fifth and Sixth Crusades against the "infidel" Mahommedans encamped in the Holy Land; there is the Albigensian Crusade against the heretic Cathars; there is the Fourth Crusade, directed in the issue against the schismatic 4 Stevenson argues (op. cit.
(See Arrhenius, loc. cit.) The simplest and most important case is that of two electrolytes having one ion in common, such as two acids.
See Edlbacher, Landeskunde von OberÃƒ¶sterreich (Linz, 2nd ed., 1883); Vansca, op. cit.
We might conjecture from this observation that every partition is in correspondence with some operation; this is found to be the case, and it has been shown (loc. cit.
The magnetic properties of the metal at different temperatures and in fields up to 1350 units have been studied by P. Curie (loc. cit.), who found that its " specific susceptibility " (K) was independent of the strength of the field, but decreased with rise of temperature up to the melting-point, 273Ã‚° C. His results appear to show the relation - K X10 6 = I'381 - O'o0155tÃ‚°.
differ; but the lateral eyes of Scorpio were shown by them (After Lankester, loc. cit.) to be similar in structure to the lateral eyes of Limulus, and the central eyes of Scorpio to be identical in structure with the central eyes of Limulus (see below).
That this (Alter Lankester, loc. cit.) in-sinking has taken place, and that the lung-books or in-sunken gill-books of Scorpio really represent appendages (that is to say, limbs or parapodia) is proved by their developmental history (see FIG.
pp. 84 sqq., 1901, translated from the Armenian), Creation and Transgression of Adam (op. cit.
Strong sulphuric acid dissolves nitroglycerin, and this solution on being poured into water yields dinitroglycerin (see Will, loc. cit.) and also some mononitroglycerin.
The Testaments of Isaac and Jacob are still preserved in Arabic and Ethiopic (see James, Op. cit.
Regnault determined its specific heat between oÃ‚° and tooÃ‚° to be 0.0308; Kahlbaum, Roth and Siedler (loc. cit.) give the value 0.03055.
Here internal and external evidence are at strife; for from the time of Justin onwards the Apocalypse was received by the church as the work of the Apostle John (see Swete, op. cit.', p. clxxv).
Similarly Robinson wrote about 1620 a Treatise of the Lawfulness of hearing of the Ministers of the Church of England which shows a larger catholicity of feeling than his ' So' the Amsterdam church petitioned James, on his accession, to allow them to live in their native land on the same terms as French and Dutch churches on English soil (see Walker, op. cit.
For underneath obvious differences, like the Arminian theology of the Wesleys and the Presbyterian type of their organization, there was latent affinity between a " methodist society " and the original congregational idea of a church; and in practice Methodism, outside the actual control of the Wesleys, in various ways worked out into Congregationalism (see Mackennal, op. cit.
' The lists of the Babylonian and Assyrian kings are not continuous; and before 1907, from the data then available (see the discussion in Rogers, op. cit.
(See Woodcock, loc. cit.) In Trypanomorpha (fig.
(1906), app., p. 51; op. cit.
(1903), 55, p. 528, figs.; (22) idem, " Sur un nouveau trypanosome d'une grenouille," op. cit.
c. p. 615; (35) idem, " Sur la presence d'un trypanoplasma intestinal chez les poissons," op. cit.
Wade (loc. cit.) explains the formation of nitriles from potassium cyanide, and of isonitriles from silver cyanide by the assumption that unstable addition products are formed, the nature of which depends on the relative state of unsaturation of the carbon and nitrogen atoms under the varying conditions: KNC--KN :C(:C 2 H 5 I) --SKI +C2H5CN, AgNC->AgN(:C2H51)C---AgI-f-C2H5NC; that is, when the metal is highly electro-positive the carbon atom is the more unsaturated, the addition takes place on the carbon atom, and nitriles are produced.
The corresponding amide, phenyl-azo-carbonamide, C6H5N2: CONH 2, also results from the oxidation of phenylsemicarbazide (Thiele, loc. cit.), and forms reddish-yellow needles which melt at 114Ã‚° C. When heated with benzaldehyde to 120Ã‚° C. it yields diphenyloxytriazole, (C6H5)2CN3C(OH).
1), by an anonymous monk of Westminster; life of St Auban, c. 1250 (Suchier, op. cit.; Uhlemann, "Ober die vie de St Auban in Bezug auf Quelle," &c. Rom.
In England, for instance, the chancels were for the most part disused after the Reformation (see Harrison, op. cit.), but presently they came into use again, and on the Catholic revival in the Church of England in the 19th century it is certain that the medieval churches exercised an influence by giving a sense of fitness, which might otherwise have been lacking, to the restoration of medieval ritual.
In this connexion may be mentioned the custom of burning the chief god of the city in effigy, or in the person of a human representative, at Tyre and in the Tyrian colonies, such as Carthage and Gades; the custom lasted down to a late time (see Frazer, loc. cit.
955); there was an Alexandrian tradition that he was one of the servants at the miracle of Cana of Galilee, that he was the "man bearing a pitcher of water" in whose house the last supper was prepared, and that he was also the owner of the house in which the disciples met on the evening of the resurrection (Renaudot, loc. cit.); and even in modern times there has been the conjecture that he was the "certain young man" who "fled naked" from Gethsemane, Mark xiv.
Moreover, in the case of Samos there was a democracy in 439, though in 412 the government was again oligarchic. The case of Selymbria (see Hicks and Hill, op. cit.
The tendency to make the exile an abrupt and complete change in life is based upon the theory underlying Chronicles - Nehemiah and is misleading (see Torrey, op. cit.
Comparetti and de Petra, op. cit.) that the library was collected by Lucius Piso Caesoninus (see Regione sotterrata dal Vesuvio, Naples, 1879, p. 159 sq.), but this conjecture has not found many supporters.
de Chimie, 1802) he showed that different gases are dilated in the same proportion when heated from oÃ‚° to iooÃ‚° C. Apparently he did not know of Dalton's experiments on the same point, which indeed were far from accurate; but in a note he explained that "le cit.
It appears that the relatively enormous deviations of CaC1 2 from Raoult's law are accounted for on the hypothesis that a=9, but there is a slight uncertainty about the degree of ionization of the strongest solutions at-50Ã‚° C. Cane-sugar appears to require 5 molecules of water of hydration both at oÃ‚° C. and at looÃ‚° C., whereas KC1 and NaCI take more water at looÃ‚° C. than at oÃ‚° C. The cases considered by Callendar (loc. cit.) are necessarily limited, because the requisite data for strong solutions are comparatively scarce.
It rapidly dissociates when heated in vacuo to 300Ã‚° C. The existence of the oxide Rb 2 0 appears to be doubtful, the results of Erdmann and Kothner (loc. cit.) pointing to the formation of Rb0 2 by the direct union of the metal with dry oxygen.
4 The house of Nisroch should probably be that of the god Nusku; see also Driver in Hogarth, op. cit.
In practice it is more advantageous (after Abbe) to determine the chromatic aberration (for instance, that of the distance of intersection) for a fixed position of the object, and express it by a sum in which each component contains the amount due to each refracting surface (see Czapski-Eppenstein, op. cit.
1-18 discovered by James in an 8th-century MS. of the British Museum (see James, Apoc. anecdota, 146-150; Charles, op. cit.
But, however correct the observations and the homologies of MacBride may be, they do not, as Bury (op. cit.) has well pointed out, afford sufficient grounds for his inference that the abactinal (i.e.
the very late form of the tradition in Jubilees xxxiv.) agrees with features in the patriarchal narratives which, in implying a settlement in Palestine, are entirely distinct from those which belong to the descent into Egypt (see especially, Meyer, op. cit.
" Its tiennent les poissons raisonnables, comme aussi les cerfs," says a Jesuit father about the North-American savage Indians (Relations, loc. cit.).
' The notion of an Eve (hawwah, " serpent") as the first woman may be conjecturally associated with (a) the frequent traditions of the serpent-origin of clans, and (b) with evidence which seems to connect the Levites and allied families with some kind of serpentcult (see Meyer, op. cit.
Out of touch with affairs in France and surrounded by violent anti-revolutionists, headed by Calonne and the comte d'Artois, he followed an entirely selfish policy, flouting the National Assembly (see his reply to the summons of the National Assembly, in Daudet, op. cit.
the additional name of Justinopolis may be uncertain (see Hallier, op. cit.
(See Yule, op. cit.
170-171) that Ewald and Ryle assumed identity of authorship. But their points of divergence are so weighty (see op. cit.
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C T CI ?OH CI " N O Cl OH _Cl OH C1 2 Nz0 C12 C C Ciz C1 2 Clt Cit (r) (2) (3) (4) CCI /CH2 CU CI C 'CO H CH ?C02H CI C. t 'c% CCI t CH3 (5) (6) 0 C1 /N C1 2 ClZ',C12 NzO C12 (2) CI (3) HO 2 C [[Ccichc1 Cc1 2 Co Cc13 - (6) Ho 2 C Ccichci]] CCl?
The word usage examples above have been gathered from various sources to reflect current and historial usage. They do not represent the opinions of YourDictionary.com.