My calendar fills up quickly.
Xander's calendar was full for the week.
The calendar was completely blank.
He circled the wall calendar and began to make a list.
The Church of Rome does not seem to have inscribed in its calendar its martyrs of an earlier date than the 3rd century.
"Two o'clock …" she drifted off, trying to click the calendar note open unsuccessfully.
In 1751, seconded by Lord Macclesfield, president of the Royal Society, and Bradley, the eminent mathematician, he distinguished himself greatly in the debates on the calendar, and succeeded in making the new style a fact.
A check with her calendar confirmed she was more than three weeks late.
A rosy-red calendar day, for sure.
A calendar reminder popped up.
Biogr, see the recently published calendar of Patent Rolls, 1461-1485, passim; W.
Jealousy of everything emanating from Rome still keeps the Eastern churches from correcting the calendar according to the Gregorian reformation, and thus their Easter usually falls before, or after, that of the Western churches, and only very rarely, as was the case in 1865, do the two coincide.
the calendar of Morcelli; and historical synaxaria, which give biographical notices besides, e.g.
Both festivals, of course, belong to a lunar calendar, and move through the solar year every thirty-two years.
For the documents of the time reference should be made to the Calendar of Documents relating to Scotland, edited by J.
If Xander hadn't erased the events calendar, she'd know where he'd be so she could search his house for the necklace.
Many days are indicated in the calendar as nubattu, a term which signifies rest, pause, and especially a god's connubial rest with his consort goddess.
The chief sources for her history are the Calendar of State Papers for the reigns of Henry VIII.
St. Thomas the Apostle Church was a scrubbed-white structure looking like a New England calendar except for its city location.
From the name of the day in the calendar, Pascua Florida, or from the fact that many flowers were found on the coast, the country was named Florida.
There was a barber shop and I could see a calendar on the wall but I couldn't quite read it.
Napcleon was now able by degrees to dispense with all republican forms (the last to go was the Republican Calendar, which ceased on the 1st of January 1806), and the scene at the coronation in Notre Dame on the 2nd of December 1804 was frankly imperial in splendour and in the egotism which led Napoleon to wave aside the pope, Pius VII., at the supreme moment and crown himself.
He also edited the Cottage Calendar, the Horticultural Register and the Botanical Magazine.
A berglauben (Giitersloh, 1903: an interesting list of unlucky days from an old Egyptian calendar on p. 57 seq.); and for post-Biblical literature, F.
The other vigils are recognized in the calendar (including those of the saints) and the rubric directs that "the collect appointed for any Holy-day that hath a Vigil or Eve, shall be said at the Evening Service next before."
So far as Western Christendom is concerned the corrected calendar is now universally accepted, and Easter is kept on the same day, but it was not until 1752 that the Gregorian reformation of the calendar was adopted in Great Britain and Ireland.
Bain (Edinburgh, 2 vols., 1890-1899); Calendar of State Papers relating to Scotland and Mary Queen of Scots,1547-1603 (Edinburgh, 2 vols., 1898-1900), &c. There is a Life in Miss Strickland's Queens of Scotland (vols.
XLTaveia, litany), in the Calendar of the Christian Church, the Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday before Ascension Day, so called because long associated with the chanting of litanies in procession (rogationes).
1894 - z899, Index and Calendar; Hist.
of these, according to the calendar, is the " Lesser Festival," called by the Turks Kiitshiik Bairdm (" Lesser Bairam "), or Sheker Bairam (" Sugar Bairam "), and by Arabic-speaking Moslems id al-Fitr (" Festival of Fast-breaking "), or Al-'id as saghir (" Lesser Festival ").
Historical records supply the following dates of abundant meteoric displays: - These showers occurred at intervals of about one-third of a century, while the day moved along the calendar at the rate of one month in a thousand years.
Great attention was naturally paid to the calendar, and we find a week of seven and another of five days in use.
In the oldest Roman ferial we already find festivals of Carthaginian martyrs, and similarly, in the Carthaginian calendar, Roman festivals, while Wright's Syriac Martyrology contains numerous traces of this exchange of festivals.
Some of the most famous bishops also ended by passing from one calendar into the other.
It consists of a calendar and almanac, a catechism, hymns, many of them translations from the German, metrical versions of the Psalms, and a collection of ballads and satirical poems against the Catholic church and clergy.
It is in the festivals of the annual calendar that this agricultural impress is most fully manifested.
The Gregorian correction of the calendar in 1582 has once more led to different days being observed.
In St Theresa (1515-1582) and John of the Cross Other the counter-reformation can boast of saints second Forms of to none in the calendar for the austerity of their Mysticism.
The Executive Mansion of the Confederate States of America, built in 1819, purchased by the city in 1862, and leased to the Confederate government and occupied by President Jefferson Davis in 1862-65, was acquired in 1890 by the Confederate Memorial Library Society, and is now a Confederate Museum with a room for each state of the Confederacy and a general library in the " Solid South " room; it has valuable historical papers, collected by the Southern Historical Society, and the society has published a Calendar of Confederate Papers (1908).
See also a Handbook of Cardiff and District, prepared for the use of the British Association, 1891; Cardiff, an Illustrated Handbook, 1896; the Annual Report of the Cardiff Chamber of Commerce; the Calendar of the University College.
The British figures are from the Board of Trade returns for the calendar year 1908.
In the church calendar this event is commemorated on the 29th of August.
The calendar was the Syro-Macedonian, a solar, as distinct from the primitive lunar, calendar, which Roman influence disseminated throughout Syria; it was practically a reproduction of the Julian calendar.
Check out the online calendar for upcoming performers at the theater.
At a later stage the Orthodox calendar and the Cyrilline alphabet were prohibited, and this was actually enforced in Serbia itself during the Austrian occupation, and in the Serbian districts of Hungary from July 1916 onward.
to aid in the reform of the calendar; and there he died, most likely of the plague, on the 6th of July 1476.
LADY DAY, originally the name for all the days in the church calendar marking any event in the Virgin Mary's life, but now restricted to the feast of the Annunciation, held on the 25th of March in each year.
Did you get close enough to read the calendar?
He compiled a Jewish Calendar and wrote Discourses on the Ecclesiastical and Civil Polity of the Jews (1706).
It was plundered by Henry VIII., to whom the memory of Becket was specially obnoxious; but the reformers were powerless to expunge the name of the saint from the Roman calendar, on which it still remains.
II.) gives a list of the Babylonian, Assyrian and Persian kings who ruled in Babylon, together with the number of years each of them reigned, from the accession of Nabonassar in 747 B.C. to the conquest of Babylon by Alexander the Great in 331 B.C. The accuracy of this list is confirmed by the larger List of Kings and by the principal Babylonian Chronicle; the latter, like the Canon, begins with the reign of Nabonassar, who, it has been suggested, may have revised the calendar and have inaugurated a new epoch for the later chronology.
The total commerical movement of the island in the five calendar years 1902-1906 averaged $177,882,640 (for the five fiscal years 1902-1903 to 1906-1907, $185,987,020) annually, and of this the share of the United States was $108,431,000 yearly, representing 45.8% of all imports and 1 In these same years the trade of the United States with Cuba and Porto Rico was: importations from the islands, $59,221,444 annually; exportations to the islands, $20,017,156.
Many questions in scie.ace and astrology, such as the reform of the calendar, attracted his attention.
I miss their annual calendar.
Fred looked at the wall calendar.
Jessi poured herself more coffee, eyes going to the blank iPad calendar.
We should start another game called, let's tell my babysitter what I erased from the calendar.
In the United States and in certain other countries, a fiscal year, ending on the 30th of June or at some other irregular period, is substituted for the calendar year.
The first class comprises works on grammar, one on natural phenomena, and two on chronology and the calendar.
He was a saint up till the time of Benedict XIV., who read Photius on Clement, believed him, and struck the Alexandrian's name out of the calendar.
In The Julian Calendar The Dominical Letters Are Readily Found By Means Of A Short Cycle, In Which They Recur In The Same Order Without Interruption.
calendar months of the holiday start date must be paid in full.
Apple doesn't hesitate to use the screen for fun (but non-essential) applications such as a calendar, a to-do list and a few simple games.
While you cannot record events or deadlines or remind yourself of exact events to occur on a given day with this type of wall calendar, it is a great product to remind senior citizens or others with memory problems of the correct date.
The Retro Calendar Wall Clock from TWEMCO is a great option if you want to buy electronic wall calendar clocks.
Also the Works of John Strype; the Publications of the Parker Society; the Calendar of State Papers, Domestic; and the Dict.
He must have given general satisfaction, for even before Parker's death two persons so different as Burghley and Dean Nowell independently recommended Grindal's appointment as his successor, and Spenser speaks warmly of him in the Shepherd's Calendar as the "gentle shepherd Algrind."
A catalogue of the printed books in the Welsh department, which soon became a standard work of reference, was published in 1898, while a calendar of the Welsh MSS.
See Victoria County History, Yorkshire; Edward Miller, The History and Antiquities of Doncaster (1828-1831); Calendar to the Records of the Borough of Doncaster, published by the Corporation.
Apparently they were at first arranged in a series of anniversaries separate from that of the martyrs, as seems to be shown by the existence at Rome of the Depositio episcoporum side by side with the Depositio martyrum; the two lists seem to have been combined, as in the calendar of Carthage, which includes the dies nataliciorum martyrum et depositiones episcoporum.
French Chronicle of London1259-1343(1863); Analytical Index to the Series of Records known as the Remembrancia 1579-1664 (1888); Calendar of Letter-Books [circa 1275-1399] preserved among the Archives of the Corporation of London at the Guildhall, edited by Reginald R.
The subject is a very difficult and complex one (see also Calendar).
1074) to institute astronomical observations on a larger scale, and to aid him in his great enterprise of a thorough reform of the calendar.
deals with astronomy - the moon, stars, and the zodiac, the sun, the planets, the seasons and the calendar.
in 1737; her name was placed in the calendar on the 22nd of July by Benedict XIV.
The hope was not fulfilled, but a certain number of philosophic disciples gathered round Comte, and eventually formed themselves, under the guidance of the new ideas of the latter half of his life, into a kind of church, for whose use was drawn up the Positivist Calendar (1849), in which the names of those who had advanced civilization replaced the titles of the saints.
Gutenberg and Shakespeare were among the patrons of the thirteen months in this calendar.
His later hero was the emperor Nicholas, "the only statesman in Christendom," - as unlucky a judgment as that which placed Dr Francia in the Comtist Calendar.
Spring is supposed to begin in February when, according to the old calendar, the new year sets in, but th only flowers then in bloom are the camellia japonsca and some kinds of daphne.
Dorian states usually had in common the " Doric " dialect, a peculiar calendar and cycle of festivals of which the Hyacinthia and Carneia were the chief, and certain political and social institutions, such as the threefold " Dorian tribes."
The common calendar and cycle of festivals, observed by all Dorians (of which the Carneia was chief), and the distribution in Greece of the worships of Apollo and Heracles, which attained pre-eminence mainly in or near districts historically " Dorian," suggest that these cults, or an important element in them, were introduced comparatively late, and represent the beliefs of a fresh ethnic superstratum.
It is more profitable to turn from the life of the household to the outdoor occupations of the fields, where the early Roman settler met with his neighbours to celebrate the various stages of the agricultural year in religious ceremonies which afterwards became the festivals of the state calendar.
Roughly we may distinguish three main divisions of the calendar year, the festivals of Spring, of the Harvest and of Winter, preserving on the whole their peculiar characteristics.
Thus, the simple reflection that the door is used for the double purpose of entrance and exit leads to the notion of the Janus of the state as bifrons (" two-faced"): the thought of the door as the first part of the house to which one comes, produces the more abstract idea of Janus as the "god of beginning," in which character he has special charge of the first beginnings of human life (Consevius), the first hour of the day, the Calends of the month and the first month of the year in the later calendar: for the same reason his name takes the first place in the indigitamenta.
Organization showed itself in the fixing of the annual calendar and the development of the character and functions of the priesthood, and as we should expect, in a new conception of the legal relation of the gods to the state.
In 1645 he essayed a reformation of the calendar, but his plan was not adopted.
A follower of the positive philosophy, but in conflict with Richard Congreve as to details, he led the Positivists who split off and founded Newton Hall in 1881, and he was president of the English Positivist Committee from 1880 to 1905; he was also editor and part author of the Positivist New Calendar of Great Men (1892), and wrote much on Comte and Positivism.
Several cycles were formerly known in Europe; but most of them were invented for the purpose of adjusting the solar and lunar divisions of time, and were rather employed in the regulation of the calendar than as chronological eras.
Others again confound both the year of Rome and the civil year with the Julian year, which in fact became the civil year after the regulation of the calendar by Julius Caesar.
In the 12th century, however, the custom of beginning the civil year with the day of the Annunciation, or the - 25th of March, began to prevail, and continued to be generally followed from that time till the reformation of the calendar in 1752.
No rule can be given for determining with certainty the day on which any given Jewish year begins without entering into the minutiae of their irregular and complicated calendar.
The Greeks of Alexandria formerly employed the era of Nabonassar, with a year of 365 days; but soon after the reformation of the calendar of Julius Caesar, they adopted, like other Roman provincials, the Julian intercalation.
The adoption of the Julian year must therefore have taken place about 160 years before the year 136 of our era (the difference between the Egyptian and Julian years being one day in four years), that is to say, about the year 25 B.C. In fact, the first of Thoth corresponded with the 29th of August in the Julian calendar, in the years 25, 24, 23 and 22 B.C.
- The Julian era begins with the ist of January, forty-five years B.C. It was designed to commemorate the reformation of the Roman calendar by Julius Caesar.
As the era of Spain began with the 1st of January, and the months and days of the year are those of the Julian calendar, any date is reduced to the common era by subtracting thirty-eight from the number of the year.
The ancient Egyptian year consisted of 365 days; but after the introduction of the Julian calendar, the astronomers of Alexandria adopted an intercalary year, and added six additional days instead of five to the end of the last month of every fourth year.
The following are the names of the Ethiopian or Abyssinian months, with the days on which they begin in the Julian calendar, or old style: The additional or epagomenal days begin on the 24th of August.
The following are the Armenian ecclesiastical months with their correspondence with those of the Julian calendar: 1.
Till the year 1079 the Persian year resembled that of the ancient Egyptians, consisting of 365 days without intercalation; but at that time the Persian calendar was reformed by Jelal ud-Din Malik Shah, sultan of Khorasan, and a method of intercalation adopted which, though less convenient, is considerably more accurate than the Julian.
This, with other matters appertaining to the calendar, was probably left to be regulated from time to time by the mathematical tribunal.
The days are distributed in the calendar into cycles of sixty, in the same manner as ours are distributed into weeks, or cycles of seven.
There are numerous references to Lenthall in his official capacity, and letters written by and to him, in the Calendar of State Papers, Domestic Series, and in various MSS.
The Harrari are Mahommedans of the Shafa'i or Persian sect, and they employ the solar year and the Persian calendar.
The national museum, which occupies the east side of the national palace, is rich in Mexican antiquities, among which are the famous " calendar stone," supposed to be of Toltec origin, and the " sacrificial stone " found in the ruins of the great teocalli destroyed by Cortes.
Sun-dials and calendar monuments were known among the more advanced tribes.
The Mayas had a calendar of 360 days, with intercalary days; this solar year was intersected by their sacred year of twenty weeks of thirteen days each, and these assembled in bewildering cycles.
Here you find articles in the encyclopedia on topics related to the calendar.
BOLLANDISTS, the Belgian Jesuits who publish the Ada Sanctorum, the great collection of biographies and legends of the saints, arranged by days, in the order of the calendar.
The census figures relate to the calendar year preceding 1st June 1900, and hurried and careless answers about the preceding year's crop are almost sure to have been given by many farmers in the midst of the summer's work.
O'Callaghan edited A Calendar of Historical Manuscripts in the Office of the Secretary of State of New York (2 vols., Albany, 1865-1866).
The reforms proposed included the adoption of European time, the European calendar, and the Latin alphabet; the abolition of veiling of women - as a practice of far-reaching, injurious influence upon the race; the abolition of the annual, month-long fast of Ramazan, and of the Feasts of Bairam.
Numerous indications accordingly point to a corresponding primitive zodiac. Setting aside as doubtful evidence derived from interpretations of cuneiform inscriptions, we meet, in connexion with Mithraic and Mylittic legends, reminiscences of a zodiac and religious calendar in which the Bull led the way.'
a close analogy with the Mexican calendar sign Cipactli, a kind of marine monster resembling a narwhal s Aquarius is a still more exclusively meteorological sign than Leo.
The doubling of the sign of Pisces still recalls, according to Sayce, 8 the arrangement of the Babylonian calendar, in which a year of 360 days was supplemented once in six years by a thirteenth month, a second Adar.
The Hare (or Rabbit), Monkey, Dog and Serpent reappeared without change; for the Tiger, Crocodile and Hen, unknown in America, the Ocelot, Lizard and Eagle were substituted as analogous.6 The Aztec calendar dated from the 7th century; but the zodiacal tradition embodied by it was doubtless much more ancient.
Some were named after exclusively Vedic deities; they formed the basis of the sacrificial calendar of the Brahmins; the old Indian names of the months were derived from them; their existence was pre-supposed in the entire structure of Hindu ritual and science.
The Aztec calendar includes nakshatra titles borrowed, not only through the medium of the Tatar zodiac, but likewise straight from the Indian scheme, apart from any known intervention.
The Greek signs of the zodiac, including Libra, are obvious upon both these monuments, which have thrown useful light upon the calendar system and method of stellar grouping of the ancient Egyptians.16 Planispheres.
Nearly all the French cathedrals of the 12th and 13th centuries exhibit on their portals a species of rural calendar, in which each month and sign has its corresponding labour.
The supremacy of China is indicated by occasional missions sent, as on the founding of a new dynasty, to Peking, to bring back a seal and a calendar.
nonae, sc. dies) in the Roman calendar, see Calendar.
Direct material for answering the question when and how far astronomical calculations replaced simple observations as the basis of the Jewish calendar is not forthcoming.
Jewish traditions represented the Sanhedrin as retaining to the end its plenary power over the calendar, and as still fixing the first day of every month and the first month of every year.
In the following table the first column gives the terminus paschalis, or 14th of the Paschal moon, according to the Christian calendar; the second gives the 14th, reckoned from the time of the astronomical new moon of Nisan; the third the 14th, reckoned from the probable first appearance of the new moon at sunset.
147, gave alternative dates, Phamenoth 25, Pharmuthi 25, Pharmuthi 1q; that is, according to the fixed Alexandrine calendar of B.C. 26, 21st March, 20th April, 14th April; in the older, not wholly superseded, Egyptian calendar the equivalents with Roman days varied from year to year.
Stevenson (Edinburgh, 1870); Calendar of Documents relating to Scotland, edited by J.
Hume's Great Lord Burghley (1898) is largely a piecing together of the references to Burghley in the same author's Calendar of Simancas MSS.
(Pharmacopoeia (1901); Calendar Pharmaceutical Society, 1902.)
There is evidence to show that the Aztecs adopted the civilization of the Toltecs, including their religion (Quetzalcoatl being a god of the Toltecs and Mayas), calendar and architecture.
xxiii.) compared the Mexican calendar with that in use in eastern Asia.
The Mongolian peoples not only count their lunar months by these signs, but they reckon the successive days by them, rat-day, bull-day, tiger-day, &c., and also, by combining the twelve signs in rotation with the elements, they obtain a means of marking each year in the sixty-year cycle, as the woodrat year, the fire-tiger year, &c. This method is highly artificial, and the reappearance of its principle in the Mexican and Central American calendar is suggestive of importation from Asia.
To this nation was due the introduction of maize and cotton into Mexico, the skilful workmanship in gold and silver, the art of building on a scale of vastness still witnessed to by the mound of Cholula, said to be Toltec work, and the Mexican hieroglyphic writing and calendar.
Legend tells stories of his teaching men picture-writing and the calendar, and also the artistic work of the silversmith, for which Cholula was long famed; but at last he departed, some say towards the unknown land of Tlapallan, but others to Coatzacoalcos on the Atlantic coast on the confines of Central America, where native tradition still keeps up the divine names of Gucumatz among the Quiches and Cukulcan among the Mayas, these names have the same meaning as Quetzalcoati.
The calendar of religious festivals for the Mexican year has been preserved.
The Mexican calendar depended on the combination of numbers with picture-signs, of which the four principal were the rabbit, reed, flint,, house - tochtli, acatl, tecpatl, calli.
The cycle of 52 years was reckoned by combining these signs in rotation with numbers up to 13, thus: I rabbit, 2 reed, 3 flint, 4 house, 5 rabbit, 6 reed, &c. By accident this calendar may be exactly illustrated with a modern pack of cards laid out in rotation of the four suits, as, ace of hearts, 2 of spades, 3 of diamonds, 4 of clubs, 5 of hearts, 6 of spades, &c. In the Mexican ritual calendar of the days of the year, the same method is carried further, the series of twenty day-signs being combined in rotation with numbers up to 13; as this cycle of days only reaches 260, a series of nine other signs are affixed in addition, to make up the 365-day year.
It is plain that this rotation of signs served no, useful purpose whatever, being less convenient than ordinary counting such as the Mexicans employed in their other calendar already mentioned, where the 20-day periods had each a name like our' months, and their days had signs in regular order.
From the accounts given by Landa and other writers it is plain that the Central-American calendar, reckoning the year in twenty-eight periods of thirteen days, was the same in its principle of combining signs as that of Mexico.
Vast masses of Walsingham's correspondence are preserved in the Record Office and the British Museum; some have been epitomized in the Foreign Calendar (as far as 1582); and his correspondence during his two embassies to France was published in extenso by Sir Dudley Digges in 1655 under the title The Compleat Ambassador, possibly, as has been suggested by Dr Stahlin, to give a fillip to the similar policy then being pursued by Oliver Cromwell.
(See Dublin University Calendar, annual.) There remain to be mentioned the following buildings in Dublin.
In 1613 he appeared with the emperor Matthias before the diet of Ratisbon as the advocate of the introduction into Germany of the Gregorian calendar; but the attempt was for the time frustrated by anti-papal prejudice.
The decree for the Armenians was published on the 2 2nd of November 1 439; they accepted the filioque and the Athanasian creed, rejected Monophysitism and Monothelitism, agreed to the developed scholastic doctrine concerning the seven sacraments, and conformed their calendar to the Western in certain points.
The Roman people refused him the honour of burial within the church of St Peter, but he now holds a place in the Roman calendar (May 16).
Fowler, The Roman Calendar (London, 1906); Fustel de Coulanges, La Cite antique (17th ed., 1900); L.
An ingenious, though ineffective, proposal for the reform of the calendar was put forward in his Elenchus Calendarii Gregoriani (Frankfort, 1612); and he published a book on music, Melodiae condendae ratio (Erfurt, 1592), still worth reading.
One of the best indications of actual winter weather, as apart from the arrival of winter by the calendar, is the development of cyclonic disturbances of such strength that the change frcm their warm, sirocco-like southerly inflow hi front of their centre, to the cold wave of their rear produces lion-periodic temperature changes strong enough to overcome the weakened diurnal temperature changes of the cold season, a relation which practically never occurs in summer time.
In general, churchwardens are appointed in Easter week, usually Easter Monday or Easter Tuesday, but in new parishes the first appointment must be within twenty-one days after the consecration of the church, or two calendar months after the formation of the parish, subsequent appointments taking place at the usual time for the appointment of parish officers.
The difference in the cost of the operation is shown in the following tabular statement, both the cost in the aggregate on a year's imports and the cost per quarter: Quantity of Wheat and Wheaten Flour (as wheat) imported into the United Kingdom from various sources during the calendar year 1900, together with the average rate of freight.
Quantity of Wheat and Wheaten Flour (as wheat) imported into the United Kingdom from various sources during the calendar year 1872, together with the average rate of freight.
CALENDAR, so called from the Roman Calends or Kalends, a method of distributing time into certain periods adapted to the purposes of civil life, as hours, days, weeks, months, years, &c.
Although it did not enter into the calendar of the Greeks, and was not introduced at Rome till after the reign of Theodosius, it has been employed from time immemorial in almost all eastern countries; and as it forms neither an aliquot part of the year nor of the lunar month, those who reject the Mosaic recital will be at a loss, as Delambre remarks, to assign it to an origin having much semblance of probability.
their unsuccessful attempt to introduce a new calendar at the period of the Revolution.
As frequent allusion is made by classical writers to this embarrassing method of computation, which is carefully retained in the ecclesiastical calendar, we here give a table showing the correspondence of the Roman months with those of modern Europe.
The Civil Calendar Of All European Countries Has Been Borrowed From That Of The Romans.
The Mean Length Of The Year Was Thus Reduced To 365.4 Days; But It Is Not Certain At What Time The Octennial Periods, Borrowed From The Greeks, Were Introduced Into The Roman Calendar, Or Whether They Were At Any Time Strictly Followed.
Not Even Appear That The Length Of The Intercalary Month Was Regulated By Any Certain Principle, For A Discretionary Power Was Left With The Pontiffs, To Whom The Care Of The Calendar Was Committed, To Intercalate More Or Fewer Days According As The Year Was Found To Differ More Or Less From The Celestial Motions.
This Power Was Quickly Abused To Serve Political Objects, And The Calendar Consequently Thrown Into Confusion.
The Additional Day Which Occured Every Fourth Year Was Given To February, As Being The Shortest Month, And Was Inserted In The Calendar Between The 24Th And 25Th Day.
In The Modern Calendar The Intercalary Day Is Still Added To February, Not, However, Between The 24Th And 25Th, But As The 29Th.
No Account Is Taken Of This Blunder In Chronology; And It Is Tacitly Supposed That The Calendar Has Been Correctly Followed From Its Commencement.
When The Julian Calendar Was Introduced, The Equinox Fell On The 25Th Of March.
At The Time Of The Council Of Nice, Which Was Held In 325, It Fell On The 21St; And When The Reformation Of The Calendar Was Made In 1582, It Had Retrograded To The 11Th.
Directed Ten Days To Be Suppressed In The Calendar; And As The Error Of The Julian Intercalation Was Now Found To Amount To Three Days In 400 Years, He Ordered The Intercalations To Be Omitted On All The Centenary Years Excepting Those Which Are Multiples Of 400.
The Discovery Of The Period Of Thirty Three Years Is Ascribed To Omar Khayyam, One Of The Eight Astronomers Appointed Byjelal Ud Din Malik Shah, Sultan Of Khorasan, To Reform Or Construct A Calendar, About The Year 1079 Of Our Era.
In The Calendar, For Example, Which Was Attempted To Be Introduced In France In 1 793, The Beginning Of The Year Was Fixed At Midnight Preceding The Day In Which The True Autumnal Equinox Falls.
Its Adoption Upon Our Present Gregorian Calendar Would Only Require The Suppression Of The Usual Bissextile Once In Every 128 Years, And There Would Be No Necessity For Any Further Correction, As The Error Is So Insignificant That It Would Not Amount To A Day In 100,000 Years.
The Common Practice Was To Make Occasional Corrections As They Became Necessary, In Order To Preserve The Relation Between The Octennial Period And The State Of The Heavens; But These Corrections Being Left To The Care Of Incompetent Persons, The Calendar Soon Fell Into Great Disorder, And No Certain Rule Was Followed Till A New Division Of The Year Was Proposed By Meton And Euctemon, Which Was Immediately Adopted In All The States And Dependencies Of Greece.
The Ecclesiastical Calendar, Which Is Adopted In All The Catholic, And Most Of The Protestant Countries Of Europe, Is Luni Solar, Being Regulated Partly By The Solar, And Partly By The Lunar Year, A Circumstance Which Gives Rise To The Distinction Between The Movable And Immovable Feasts.
The Ecclesiastical Calendar Would In That Case Have Possessed All The Simplicity And Uniformity Of The Civil Calendar, Which Only Requires The Adjustment Of The Civil To The Solar Year; But They Were Probably Not Sufficiently Versed In Astronomy To Be Aware Of The Practical Difficulties Which Their Regulation Had To Encounter.
The First Problem Which The Construction Of The Calendar Presents Is To Connect The Week With The Year, Or To Find The Day Of The Week Corresponding To A Given Day Of Any Year Of The Era.
In connecting the lunar month with the solar year, the framers of the ecclesiastical calendar adopted the period of Meton, or lunar cycle, which they supposed to be exact.
it was so termed by the Greeks, or because it was usual to mark it with red letters in the calendar.
The Golden Numbers were introduced into the calendar about the year 530, but disposed as they would have been if they had been inserted at the time of the council of Nicaea.
It was, however, first proposed by Victorius of Aquitain, who had been appointed by Pope Hilary to revise and correct the church calendar.
By means of the lunar cycle the new moons of the calendar were indicated before the Reformation.
The Ancient Church Calendar Was Founded On Two Suppositions, Both Erroneous, Namely, That The Year Contains 3654 Days, And That 235 Lunations Are Exactly Equal To Nineteen Solar Years.
These Works Were Probably Little Regarded At The Time; But As The Errors Of The Calendar Went On Increasing, And The True Length Of The Year, In Consequence Of The Progress Of Astronomy, Became Better Known, The Project Of A Reformation Was Again Revived In The I 5Th Century; And In 1474 Pope Sixtus Iv.
Invited Regiomontanus, The Most Celebrated Astronomer Of The Age, To Rome, To Superintend The Reconstruction Of The Calendar.
Perceiving That The Measure Was Likely To Confer A Great Eclat On His Pontificate, Undertook The Long Desired Reformation; And Having Found The Governments Of The Principal Catholic States Ready To Adopt His Views, He Issued A Brief In The Month Of March 1582, In Which He Abolished The Use Of The Ancient Calendar, And Substituted That Which Has Since Been Received In Almost All Christian Countries Under The Name Of The Gregorian Calendar Or New Style.
The Author Of The System Adopted By Gregory Was Aloysius Lilius, Or Luigi Lilioghiraldi, A Learned Astronomer And Physician Of Naples, Who Died, However, Before Its Introduction; But The Individual Who Most Contributed To Give The Ecclesiastical Calendar Its Present Form, And Who Was Charged With All The Calculations Necessary For Its Verification, Was Clavius, By Whom It Was Completely Developed And Explained In A Great Folio Treatise Of 800 Pages, Published In 1603, The Title Of Which Is Given At The End Of This Article.
It Has Already Been Mentioned That The Error Of The Julian Year Was Corrected In The Gregorian Calendar By The Suppression Of Three Intercalations In 400 Years.
From 1582 To 1700 The Difference Between The Old And New Style Continued To Be Ten Days; But 1700 Being A Leap Year In The Julian Calendar, And A Common Year In The Gregorian, The Difference Of The Styles During The 18Th Century Was Eleven Days.
The Year I 800 Was Also Common In The New Calendar, And, Consequently, The Difference In The 19Th Century Was Twelve Days.
During The 1257 Years That Elapsed Between The Council Of Nicaea And The Reformation, The Error Had Accumulated To Four Days, So That The New Moons Which Were Marked In The Calendar As Happening, For Example, On The 5Th Of The Month, Actually Fell On The 1St.
It Would Have Been Easy To Correct This Error By Placing The Golden Numbers Four Lines Higher In The New Calendar; And The Suppression Of The Ten Days Had Already Rendered It Necessary To Place Them Ten Lines Lower, And To Carry Those Which Belonged, For Example, To The 5Th And 6Th Of The Month, To The 15Th And 16Th.
On The Other Hand, As The Golden Numbers Were Only Adapted To The Julian Calendar, Every Omission Of The Centenary Intercalation Would Require Them To Be Placed One Line Lower, Opposite The 6Th, For Example, Instead Of The 5Th Of The Month; So That, Generally Speaking, The Places Of The Golden Numbers Would Have To Be Changed Every Century.
On This Account Lilius Thought Fit To Reject The Golden Numbers From The Calendar, And Supply Their Place By Another Set Of Numbers Called Epacts, The Use Of Which We Shall Now Proceed To Explain.
Epact Is A Word Of Greek Origin, Employed In The Calendar To Signify The Moon'S Age At The Beginning Of The Year.
Thus The Epacts 11, 22, 3, 14, &C., In Consequence Of The Lunar Equation, Become 12, 23, 4, 15, &C. In Order To Preserve The Uniformity Of The Calendar, The Epacts Are Changed Only At The Commencement Of A Century; The Correction Of The Error Of The Lunar Cycle Is Therefore Made At The End Of 300 Years.
In The Gregorian Calendar This Error Is Assumed To Amount To One Day In 3121 Years Or Eight Days In 2500 Years, An Assumption Which Requires The Line Of Epacts To Be Changed Seven Times Successively At The End Of Each Period Of 300 Years, And Once At The End Of 400 Years; And, From The Manner In Which The Epacts Were Disposed At The Reformation, It Was Found Most Correct To Suppose One Of The Periods Of 2500 Years To Terminate With The Year 1800.
Hence, For The Construction Of A Perpetual Calendar, There Must Be Thirty Different Sets Or Lines Of Epacts.
When The Epact Of The Year Is Known, The Days On Which The New Moons Occur Throughout The Whole Year Are Shown By Table Iv., Which Is Called The Gregorian Calendar Of Epacts.
The Astronomical New Moons Generally Take Place One Or Two Days, Sometimes Even Three Days, Earlier Than Those Of The Calendar.
The Thirty Placed In The Calendar Beside 26.
When 25 And 26 Occur In The Same Line Of Epacts, The 25 Is Not Accented, And In The Calendar Stands Beside 24.
From This It Appears That If The Golden Number Of The Year Exceeds Ii, The Epact 25, In Six Months Of The Year, Must Correspond To The Same Day In The Calendar As 26; But If The Golden Number Does Not Exceed Ii, That Epact Must Correspond To The Same Day As 24.
In Using The Calendar, If The Epact Of The Year Is 25, And The Golden Number Not Above Ii, Take 25; But If The Golden Number Exceeds Ii, Take 25'.
The Reason For Doubling The 25 Was To Prevent The New Moons From Being Indicated In The Calendar As Happening Twice .On The Same Day In The Course Of The Lunar Cycle, A Thing Which Actually Cannot Take Place.
In The Calendar, Table Iv., Look For April, And The Epact 28 Is Found Opposite The Second Day.
In The Calendar This Epact First Occurs Before The 2Nd Of December At The 26Th Of November.
The Next, And Indeed The Principal Use Of The Calendar, Is To Find Easter, Which, According To The Traditional Regulation Of The Council Of Nice, Must Be Determined From The Following Conditions: 1St, Easter Must Be Celebrated On A Sunday; 2Nd, This Sunday Must Follow The 14Th Day Of The Paschal Moon, So That If The 14Th Of The Paschal Moon Falls On A Sunday Then Easter Must Be Celebrated On The Sunday Following; 3Rd, The Paschal In This Case The 18Th Of April Is Sunday, Then Easter Must Be Celebrated On The Following Sunday, Or The 25Th Of April.
2Nd, Find In The Calendar (Table Iv.) The First Day After The 7Th Of March Which Corresponds To The Epact Of The Year; This Will Be The First Day Of The Paschal Moon.
The Dominical Letter Of The Year, And Observe In The Calendar The First Day, After The Fourteenth Of The Moon, Which Corresponds To The Dominical Letter; This Will Be Easter Sunday.
- Gregorian Calendar.
moon is that of which the 14th day falls on or next follows the day of the vernal equinox; 4th the equinox is fixed invariably in the calendar on the 21st of March.
After the 17th of April D first occurs in the calendar (Table IV.) at the 19th.
This, therefore, would not be the paschal moon of the calendar, though it undoubtedly ought to be so if the intention of the council of Nice were rigidly followed.
Calendar Nearly Concur With The True New Moons, The Full Moons Are Considerably In Error.
The Epacts Are Also Placed So As To Indicate The Full Moons Generally One Or Two Days After The True Full Moons; But This Was Done Purposely, To Avoid The Chance Of Concurring With The Jewish Passover, Which The Framers Of The Calendar Seem To Have Considered A Greater Evil Than That Of Celebrating Easter A Week Too Late.
We Will Now Show In What Manner This Whole Apparatus Of Methods And Tables May Be Dispensed With, And The Gregorian Calendar Reduced To A Few Simple Formulae Of Easy Computation.
Hence In The Julian Calendar The Dominical Letter Is Given By The Equation L= 7M 3 X () W This Equation Gives The Dominical Letter Of Any Year From The Commencement Of The Era To The Reformation.
The Epact J Depends On The Golden Number N, And Must Be Determined From The Fact That In 1582, The First Year Of The Reformed Calendar, N Was 6, And J 26.
We Have Therefore S= (C 16) (C 16) 4 With Regard To The Lunar Equation M, We Have Already Stated That In The Gregorian Calendar The Epacts Are Increased By Unity At The End Of Every Period Of 300 Years Seven Times Successively, And Then The Increase Takes Place Once At The End Of 400 Years.
Let (C7) W =A, Then For All Years After 1800 The Value Of M Will Beiven By The Formula (C 18 A), G' Y W Therefore, 3 Counting From The Beginning Of The Calendar In 1582, C 15 A ' M = 3 W By The Substitution Of These Values Of J, S And M, The Equation Of The Epact Becomes E C 16 (C 16 (C 15 A) 3 O R () 4 W 3 W.
In Like Manner, When P =I, 1=D =4; For D Is The Dominical Letter Of The Calendar Belonging To The 22Nd Of March.
The Gregorian Calendar Was Introduced Into Spain, Portugal And Part Of Italy The Same Day As At Rome.
In The Protestant States Of Germany The Julian Calendar Was Adhered To Till The Year 1700, When It Was Decreed By The Diet Of Regensburg That The New Style And The Gregorian Correction Of The Intercalation Should Be Adopted.
In Denmark And Sweden The Reformed Calendar Was Received About The Same Time As In The Protestant States Of Germany.
The Inconvenience, However, Of Using A Different Date From That Employed By The Greater Part Of Europe In Matters Of History And Chronology Began To Be Generally Felt; And At Length The Calendar (New P =24 E.
In Those Years In Which The Line Of Epacts Is Changed In The Gregorian Calendar, The Golden Numbers Are Removed To Different Days, And Of Course A New Table Is Required Whenever The Solar Or Lunar Equation Occurs.
The Golden Numbers Have Been Placed So That Easter May Fall On The Same Day As In The Gregorian Calendar.
The Calendar Of The Church Of England Is Therefore From Century To Century The Same In Form As The Old Roman Calendar, Excepting That The Golden Numbers Indicate The Full Moons Instead Of The New Moons.
In The Construction Of The Jewish Calendar Numerous Details Require Attention.
The Calendar Is Dated From The Creation, Which Is Considered To Have Taken Place 37 60 Years And 3 Months Before The Commencement Of The Christian Era.
The Calendar Is Constructed On The Assumptions That The Mean Lunation Is 29 Days 12 Hours 44 Min.
The Moslem Calendar May Evidently Be Carried On Indefinitely By Successive Addition, Observing Only To Allow For The Additional Day That Occurs In The Bissextile And Intercalary Years; But For Any Remote Date The Computation According To The Preceding Rules Will Be Most Efficient, And Such Computation May Be Usefully Employed As A Check On The Accuracy Of Any Considerable Extension Of The Calendar By Induction Alone.
- Principal Days of the Hebrew Calendar.
[[Table Xl]] - Principal Days of the Mahommedan Calendar.
For the Revolutionary Calendar see French Revolution ad fin The principal works on the calendar are the following: Clavius Romani Calendarii a Gregorio Xiii.
Lindo, Jewish Calendar for Sixty-four Years (1838); W.
At his instigation the calendar was revised, and a new era, dating from the reign of Malik Shah and known as the Jelalian, was introduced.
Sweetman's Calendar of Documents relating to Ireland, vol.
She was proclaimed a saint by the grateful German clergy; but her name has never found a place in the Roman calendar.
A learned treatise on the reformation of the calendar, written by him about the same time, is also preserved in the Ashmolean Library at Oxford.
N.B.-The difference in the totals is owing to the figures being based on the production in seasons, and that of consumption upon calendar years.
Mall, Strassburg, 1873), poem on the calendar; Bestiaire, c. 1130 (ed.
He restored the temple of Hercules and the Muses in the Circus Flaminius, placed in it a list of Fasti drawn up by himself, and endeavoured to make the Roman calendar more generally known.
6Epjn, heat, and &(2pov, gift), the name given during the French Revolution to the eleventh month of the year in the Republican Calendar.
As in all the other months of the Republican Calendar, each of the days of Thermidor was, in accordance with the suggestion of Fabre d'Eglantine, consecrated to some useful object.
The era began on the 11th of July 552, and their year is vague, that is to say, it does not intercalate a day in February every fourth year, like the Julian calendar.
Worth, Calendar of Tavistock Parish Records (Plymouth, 1887).
PURIM, a Jewish festival held on the 14th and 15th of Adar, the last month of the Jewish calendar.
36, and from that time onwards has formed one of the most popular festivals of the Jewish calendar.
Meanwhile the Christian calendar had been adopted and the old anti-Christian edicts removed.
Commission; Calendar of State Papers relating to Scotland and Mary Queen of Scots (Scottish Record Publ.
1898); Calendar of Letters and State Papers relating to English Af f airs, principally in the Archives at Simancas (vols.
The calendar, which, as Suetonius tells us, was set up by the grammarian, M.
They must secure their Calendar (Great Britain)] supply of moisture from the rain that falls on the glass, and flows into the narrow pathways from 9 in.
Calendar of Garden Operations (A) for Great Britain.
25 a [[[Calendar (Great Britain]]) cabbage, savoys and Brussels sprouts for succession.
Calendar (Great Britain)] Repot auriculas, and sow auricula seed in boxes under glass.
Even in the imperial period its chief magistrate was styled dictator, and its council senatus, and it preserved its own calendar of festivals.
If the proper patron fails to exercise his right within six calendar months from the vacancy, the right devolves or lapses to the next superior patron, e.g.
The last are held as the length of the calendar requires.
His range of learning was wide, and he published a handbook of Jewish history, a historical calendar intended to supersede the Roman Saints' Calendar, and a revision of the Latin Old Testament.
(Paderborn, 1893); Calendar of State Papers (London, 1869, &c.); J.
%spa, season, time of day, hour (see Calendar).
Lectures are also given on algebra and on the calculations of the Mahommedan calendar, the times of prayer, &c. (E.
On the tenth day of the last month of the year the Great Festival (Al-id al-kabir), or that of the Sacrifice (commemorating the willingness of Ibrahim to slay his son Ismailaccording to the Arab legend), closes the calendar.
The rise of the Nile is naturally the occasion of annual customs, some of which are doubtless relics of antiquity; these are observed according to the Coptic calendar.
A papyrus in London contains a calendar of lucky and unlucky days.
By the decree of Canopus, Ptolemy III.Euergetes introduced through the assembly of priests an extra day every fourth year, but this reform had no acceptation until it was reimposed by Augustus with the Julian calendar.
1st Thoth in the later calendar).
In a tract, Reparatio Calendarii, presented to the council of Basel, he proposed the reform of the calendar after a method resembling that adopted by Gregory.
Lorenzo (1380-1465), the Laurentius Justinianus of the Roman calendar, at an early age entered the congregation of the canons of St George in Alga, and in 1433 became general of that order.
The custom of employing the flowering branches for decorative purposes on the 1st of May is of very early origin; but since the alteration in the calendar the tree has rarely been in full bloom in England before the second week of that month.
The administration of taxation, the distribution of booty, and the regulation of the calendar also devolved upon them.
Its foreign trade in the five calendar years 1902-1906 (average imports $57,201,276; exports, $40,563,637) amounted to 68.9% of the imports and 44.6% of, the exports of the island.
Some rents are still payable in England at Lammastide, and in Scotland it is generally observed, but on the 12th of August, since the alteration of the calendar in George II.'s reign.
He tendered his homage to the first Ming emperor of China, received from him his investiture as sovereign, and accepted from him the Chinese calendar and chronology, in itself a declaration of fealty.
This product is interpreted as another directed line, forming the fourth term of a proportion, of which the first 1 Strictly speaking, this illustration of Tait's is in error by unity because in our calendar there is no year denominated zero.
Their calendar is divided into twelve months of thirty days each; the other five days, being added for holy days, are not counted.
The word is of Babylonian origin, adopted by the Jews with other calendar names after the Babylonian exile.
Brewer in the Calendar of State Papers, Henry VIII.
Vincent (minister of the gospel), God's Terrible Voice in the City, 8vo (London, 1667); Calendar of State Papers (2665-1666; " Domestic " series), by M.
P. Palmer, Calendar of Virginia State Papers (11 vols., ibid., 1874).
Gregory reformed the Calendar, and founded the university that bears his name.
The most important collections are those which comprise the Acts of the Martyrs and the lives of saints, arranged in the order of the calendar.
The Carthusian, Laurentius Surius, carried on the work of Lippomano, completed it, and arranged the materials strictly in the order of the calendar (De probatis sanctorum histories, Cologne, 1570-1575).
869; Calendar of State Papers (1603-1606), Hallam's Constitutional Hist.
(8) Rosh ha-Shanah (" New Year festival "), on the services, the calendar, and more particularly on the first of the Seventh Month (cf.
The development of the trade with countries outside India from 1828 to 1906 may be seen by the following figures of End of calendar year, the remainder being taken to the 31st of March, the end of financial year.
Chrystal's Algebra, where also may be found details of the application of continued fractions to such interesting and important problems as the recurrence of eclipses and the rectification of the calendar.
At the beginning stands the usual introductory matter, such as the tables for determining the date of Easter, the calendar, and the general rubrics.
Some things in the history of his last days, and in the indications of beatitude recorded, strongly recall the parallel history of the saints of the Roman calendar.
Two illustrated volumes by Oswald Crawford, Portugal Old and New (London, 1880) and Round the Calendar in Portugal (London, 1890) contain much valuable information on agriculture, viticulture and peasant life in the northern provinces.
xviii.-xx.; (3) the calendar of Lev.
A calendar of sacred seasons.
Characteristic of the priestly calendar are (1) the enumeration of " holy convocations," (2) the prohibition of all work, (3) the careful determination of the date by the day and month, (4) the mention of " the offerings made by fire to Yahweh," and (5) the stereotyped form of the regulations.
The calendar of P comprises (a) the Feast of Passover and the Unleavened Cakes, vv.
In 1326 Gregoras proposed (in a still extant treatise) certain reforms in the calendar, which the emperor refused to carry out for fear of disturbances; nearly two hundred years later they were introduced by Gregory XIII.
HILLEL II., one of the patriarchs belonging to the family of Hillel I., lived in Tiberias about the middle of the 4th century, and introduced the arrangement of the calendar through which the Jews of the Diaspora became independent of Palestine in the uniform fixation of the new moons and feasts.
They are as follows: (i.) The Calendar; (ii.) The names of the Faires of Scotland; (iii.) The Confession of Faith used at Geneva and received by the Church of Scotland; (iv.-vii.) Concerning the election and duties of Ministers, Elders and Deacons, and Superintendent; (viii.) An order of Ecclesiastical Discipline; (ix.) The Order of Excommunication and of Public Repentance; (x.) The Visitation of the Sick; (xi.) The Manner of Burial; (xii.) The Order of Public Worship - Forms of Confession and Prayer after Sermon; (xiii.) Other Public Prayers; (xiv.) The Administration of the Lord's Supper; (xv.) The Form of Marriage; (xvi.) The Order of Baptism; (xvii.) A Treatise on Fasting with the order thereof; (xviii.) The Psalms of David; (xix.) Conclusions or Doxologies; (xx.) Hymns - metrical versions of the Decalogue, Magnificat, Apostles' Creed, &c.; (xxi.) Calvin's Catechism; (xxii.
His progressive sympathies, illustrated by his proposals to reform the monasteries and the calendar, to modify the four long fasts and to treat for union (especially with the Old Catholics), were not very well received, and in 1905 an attempt was made to depose him.
There is also an incomplete commentary (skeireins) on St John's Gospel, a fragment of a calendar, and two charters (from Naples and Arezzo, the latter now lost) which contain some Gothic sentences.
6178; State Trials, ii.; Calendar of State Pap. Dom.
During the calendar year 1906 a sum of £840,000 was expended on primary instruction.
The Abyssinian calendar is as follows: - The Abyssinian year of 365 days (366 in leap-year) begins on the ist of Maskarram, which corresponds to about the 10th of September.
The patriarch receives confirmation from Rome, and the political representation of the Maronites at Constantinople is in the hands of the vicar apostolic. Rome has incorporated most of the Maronite saints in her calendar, while refusing (despite their apologists) to canonize either of the reputed eponymous founders of Maronism.
He has been claimed as a martyr, and as such his name is given in the Roman calendar and elsewhere, but his title to this honour is by no means proved, and he has been probably confused with another bishop of the same name.
What is certain is that certain festivals involving processions were adopted by the Christian Church from the pagan calendar of Rome.
Jardine (1857); Calendar of State Pap. Dom.
On the railways and in post offices the Gregorian calendar is employed; elsewhere the Julian remains in use.
The Calendar of State Papers, Colonial Series (London, 1860 et seq.), contains much evidence for the history of the buccaneers in the West Indies.
The system of intercalation in the lunar calendar of the heathen Arabs was designed to secure that the feast should always fall at the time when the hides, fruits and other merchandise were ready for market, 4 and the Meccans, who knew how to attract the Bedouins by hospitality, bought up these wares in exchange for imported goods, and so became the leaders of the international trade of Arabia.
3, where the total flow for the driest year measures too on the vertical percentage scale; the horizontal time scale being divided into calendar months.
Many indications are against the latter, and Syria is strongly suggested by the use of the Syro-Macedonian calendar.
The Calendar of Venetian State Papers goes back to the I 4th century, but does not become copious till the reign of Henry VII., when also the Spanish Calendar begins.
The Venetian Calendar had by 1909 been carried well into the I7th century; the Spanish (which includes transcripts from the Habsburg archives at Vienna, Brussels and Simancas) covered only the reigns of Henry VII.
No attempt had yet been made to calendar the French correspondence in a similar way, though the French Foreign Office published some fragmentary collections, such as the Correspondance de MM.
Thus for Scottish affairs there are four series, the Border Papers, the Hamilton Papers, Thorps Calendar, and, more recent and, complete, Bains Calendar.
The Domestic Calendar (the first volume of which is very inadequate) extended in 19o9 in a series of more than seventy volumes nearly to the end of tbe 17th century; the mass of MSS.
The Foreign Calendar had only got to 1582, but it occupied sixteen printed volumes against one of the Domestic Calendar.
Williams, A History of English Journalism, 1909), while Thurloes, Clarendons and Nalsons collections of state papers deserve a mention apart from the Domestic Calendar.
The first book is devoted to an inquiry as to the origin of the Saturnalia and the festivals of Janus, which leads to a history and discussion of the Roman calendar, and to an attempt to derive all forms of worship from that of the sun.
introduced the feast into the general calendar of the Roman Catholic Church, fixing the Friday after the Octave of Corpus Christi for its celebration.
A new system of weights and measures, a new currency, a Rev°lu new chronological era (that of the Republic), and a new calendar were introduced (see the section Republican Calendar below).
C. M.) French Republican Calendar.
- Among the changes made during the Revolution was the substitution of a new calendar, usually called the revolutionary or republican calendar, for the prevailing Gregorian system.
The objects which the advocates of a new calendar had in view were to strike a blow at the clergy and to divorce all calculations of time from the Christian associations with which they were loaded, in short, to abolish the Christian year; and enthusiasts were already speaking of "the first year of liberty" and "the first year of the republic" when the national convention took up the matter in 1793.
The business of drawing up the new calendar was entrusted to the president of the committee of public instruction, Charles Gilbert Romme (1750-1795), who was aided in the work by the mathematicians Gaspard Monge and Joseph Louis Lagrange, the poet Fabre d'Eglantine and others.
The result of their labours was submitted to the convention in September; it was accepted, and the new calendar became law on the 5th of October 1793.
By the new calendar the year of 365 days was divided into twelve months of thirty days each, every month being divided into three periods of ten days, each of which were called decades, and the tenth, or last, day of each decade being a day of rest.
in 1795, and not in 1796, the leap year in the Gregorian calendar.
In September 1805 it was decided to restore the Gregorian calendar, and the republican one was officially discontinued on the 1st of January 1806.
It will easily be seen that the connecting link between the old and the new calendars is very slight indeed and that the expression of a date in one calendar in terms of the other is a matter of some difficulty.
He set up the worhip of Terminus (the god of landmarks), appointed the festival of Fides (Faith), built the temple of Janus, reorganized the calendar and fixed days of business and holiday.
1245), the last Scot enrolled in the Calendar of Scottish saints, was damaged by fire in 1570, during the raid of the Master of Caithness and Mackay of Strathnaver, and afterwards neglected till 1837, when it was restored by the 2nd duke of Sutherland, and has since been used as the parish church.
Gairdner (2 vols., "Rolls Series," 24,1861); Calendar of Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, of the Reign of Henry VIII.; and Sir William Dugdale, The Baronage of England (London, 1675).
i.; Calendar of State Papers of Henry VIII., vols.
The chief staple of life is the yam, the names of several months in the calendar having reference to its cultivation and ripening.
de Peiresc, Tycho Brahe, Copernicus, Georg von Peuerbach, and Regiomontanus, with some tracts on the value of ancient money, on the Roman calendar, and on the theory of music, to all which is appended a large and prolix piece entitled Notitia ecclesiae Diniensis; the sixth volume contains his correspondence.
The Calendar of Documents relating to Ireland in the Public Record Office extends from 1171 to 1307.
(For the calendar months see Calendar.) In law a month may mean either a lunar month, that is, a period of twenty-eight days, or a calendar month.
At common law, "month" generally means a lunar month, although in mercantile matters it has been generally understood to mean a calendar month, but there is no general exception giving it that meaning in commercial documents.
In bills of exchange or promissory notes month means a calendar month (Bills of Exchange Act, 1882, s.
Where a servant is engaged subject to a month's notice or payment of a month's wages month is interpreted as a calendar month (Gordon v.
In acts of parliament passed before the year 1850 month, unless otherwise specially interpreted, means lunar month, but in all acts passed since that date, month, unless words be added showing that lunar month was intended, means calendar month (Interpretation Act 1889, s.
In the rules of the supreme court and in the county court rules month means a calendar month.
His functions were partly sacrificial or ritualistic, but these were the least important; the real power lay in the administration of the jus divinum, the chief departments of which may briefly be described as follows: (1) the regulation of all expiatory ceremonials needed as the result of pestilence, lightning, &c.; (2) the consecration of all temples and other sacred places and objects dedicated to the gods by the state through its magistrates; (3) the regulation of the calendar both astronomically and in detailed application to the public life of the state; (4) the administration of the law relating to burials and burying-places, and the worship of the Manes, or dead ancestors; (5) the superintendence of all marriages by confarreatio, i.e.
To these latter were due the substitution of the Republican for the Gregorian calendar, and the secular Feasts of Reason (November 19, 1793).
Liability to service begins with the first day of the calendar year in which the twentieth year is completed.
His day in the calendar is the 4th of May.
By thoroughbred is meant a horse or mare whose pedigree is registered in the StudBook kept by Messrs Weatherby, the official agents of the Jockey Club - originally termed the keepers of the match-bookas well as publishers of the Racing Calendar.
Hitzig maintained that in the Hebrew calendar 14th and 21st Nisan were always Sabbaths, and that 1st Nisan was always a Sunday, which was the opening day of the year.
Gilbert White's daily life was practically unbroken by any great changes or incidents; for nearly half a century his pastoral duties, his watchful country walks, the assiduous care of his garden, and the scrupulous posting of his calendar of observations made up the essentials of a full and delightful life, but hardly of a biography.
His studies included Roman law, astronomy, astrology, the art of reckoning and the difficulties of the calendar.
The seeds and nuts are then decorticated (where required), the shells removed, and the kernels ("meats") converted into a pulpy mass or meal (in older establishments by crushing and grinding between stones in edge-runners) on passing through a hopper over rollers consisting of five chilled iron or steel cylinders mounted vertically like the bowls of a calendar.
In the same author's Works and Days, a treatise which is a sort of shepherd's calendar, there are distinct references to the Pleiades, Hyades, Orion, Sirius and Arcturus.
In the 5th century B.C. the Athenian astronomer Euctemon, according to Geminus of Rhodes, compiled a weather calendar in which Aquarius, Aquila, Canis major, Corona, Cygnus, Delphinus, Lyra, Orion, Pegasus, Sagitta and the asterisms Hyades and Pleiades are mentioned, always, however, in re Corvus.
In 1768 he published the Farmer's Letters to the People of England, in 1771 the Farmer's Calendar, which went through a great number of editions, and in 1774 his Political Arithmetic, which was widely translated.
July twenty-seventh on the current calendar.
She was their diary, their calendar and their conscience, and they loved her like a sister.
"Two o'clock â€¦" she drifted off, trying to click the calendar note open unsuccessfully.
availability calendar see Calendar Ashe Cottage, Church Road, Heywood, Nr.
blind bidding enables speedier settlement by reducing the calendar time elapsed between first bidding and settlement rather than reducing time spent.
broken-down time structure, expressed as local time, to calendar time representation.
calendar of events with an activity area for young people.
The worst thing about personalized football calendar is that it isnÃt amazingly tiring toward the end of its life.
Spain was using the Gregorian calendar, which means all dates were 10 days later.
The sacred 260 day calendar of early Mesoamerican civilisations Bob Johnson seeks an explanation for the Mayan calendar.
The 29th January 2006 is Chinese New Year, The Chinese use the lunar calendar for Chinese festivals.
These were a perpetual calendar and chronograph with split seconds.
calendar year LLC, the fee must be paid no later than April 15.
calendar days. Annual leave is not reduced for part-time workers.
Ref VIN 405 Price is £ 395 or US $ 745 Sultana Triple Date calendar wristwatch Excellent condition Sultana triple date calendar wristwatch.
Can't believe we're over a week into the Advent calendar.
It was Saturday, April 27, 1946, a golden day in the nation's sporting calendar.
Gardening calendar 2nd week in March 2006 View our new weekly gardening calendar in weblog format.
An events calendar is provided on a termly basis.
Half Day Voucher £ 19.50 Day Trip Voucher £ 40 Weekend Voucher £ 220 Our tour calendar is now even simpler than ever.
Nor do these three dates follow any pattern from the pagan calendar, missing entirely the solstice on 21st.
The calendar is personally endorsed by local celebrity Laurence Llewelyn-Bowen, star of BBCÃ¢s interior design show Changing Rooms.
The table where in the calendar using only certified.
color-coded calendar and easier meeting management, along with instant messaging and variable e-mail account access.
Dates and Dating Issues The English Calendar - an online concordance of dates developed by Ian McInnes.
corpse of the woman, there its match on the calendar.
So test your wits make free crossword puzzle and tickle your brain everyday with the USA TODAY Crossword 2006 Calendar.
From the writer of the hit film Calendar Girls, comes The Safari Party, a deliciously dark comedy in three courses.
Includes an events calendar, mailing list and daily devotional.
divided into two semesters, shown in the above calendar.
A view only user can view meetings from the calendar and calendar archive, and view any associated documentation for a meeting.
They failed to even mention the event in their calendar, let alone publish the editorial.
Quite rightly she thought the calendar should reflect the ethos of the hospital.
eve n if people had recorded the date clearly there have been many calendar alterations since that time.
event in the Scottish calendar and addresses the major issues facing local government in Scotland.
The abolition of special ex-dividend trading The " special ex-dividend " period is the period of 21 calendar days prior to the ex-dividend date.
New Calendar in Vista Also getting a face-lift is the familiar calendar feature in Windows.
There is an events calendar which includes fetes and festivals, together with a section on business tourism.
fixture in the polo calendar.
folio number for the entry in the register is given at the end of each summary in the calendar.
full moon in a single calendar month known?
gaolisoner must go to jail for three calendar months ' hard labor.
heterodox calendar for the fixed feasts is still only accepted by about 25% of the Orthodox world.
howdy everybody, just wanted to correct my calendar.
instituted reform of the calendar, June had 29 days, to which Caesar added a 30th.
Luxury hotel earned playing at the wpt calendar daniel negreanu johnny.
I argue that Dee's calendar treatise offers important insights into his natural philosophy and provides the keystone of his vision of empire.
liturgical calendar means to change our way of relating to God.
COSLA's Annual Conference is the keynote local government event in the Scottish calendar and addresses the major issues facing local government in Scotland.
lunisolar calendar and so vary every year.
Yes, you have one calendar month from the date you are notified about he overpayment in which to make an appeal.
nude rowing calendar (from Ashland Rowing Club, Oregon, USA) is out.
nude for the calendar while performing traditional activities like baking and gardening.
Your personal FirstClass calendar is like a personal organizer.
More events here on our 2006 Calendar Previous Meetings (most probably slightly out-of-date!
see further down this page for a full pictures index, plus the calendar cover & sample page.
patron god of the calendar sign Reed.
For every calendar sold Dragonswood will donate 20 pence to The Woodland Trust.
pinup calendar that could have used some more variety.
A Word From The Chairman Rye Bonfire and torchlit procession has become one of the great family events in the local calendar.
Held during the sixth full moon of the lunar calendar, it involves chanting, sermons and a candlelit procession to the wat.
The calendar correction is operated by a small sunken pusher at the 10 position.
Quarterly Accounting The arrangement whereby withholding tax on coupons is paid shortly after the end of the calendar quarterly Accounting The arrangement whereby withholding tax on coupons is paid shortly after the end of the calendar quarter.
renewable on each calendar anniversary.
reservist's award is paid in arrears at the end of each calendar month.
sake of convenience, firms may wish to set a general limit of £ 9,400 for the calendar year 2003.
saucy calendar still graces one of the walls!
To designate years, some regions use seasonal, astronomical, or historical criteria, instead of the Western Gregorian calendar system.
Seder night is one of the highlights of the JGLG religious calendar.
showcase event in the fashion industry calendar.
The 12ins square dial is mounted with turban head and foliage spandrels, a silvered chapter ring, seconds ring and calendar aperture.
unifyt's on Here you'll find the only unified up-to-date listing of local events available anywhere - namely the Calendar of Events!
vernal points their concepts were used to produce a calendar.
wanee zodiac worked as a symbolic calendar divided into twelve parts, like the of 12 moons waxing and waning in a year.
The highlight of the calendar being the opening of the Christmas shop on August Bank Holiday - a must see winter wonderland.
year-round calendar of exciting festivals and major events.
In particular his knowledge of astronomy was profound, and he was one of the first to compile a Calendar of the Jewish year, thus preparing the way for the fixation of the festivals by means of scientific calculations.
The cult once introduced would tend to persevere, and the development of astrological science culminating in a calendar and in a system of interpretation of the movements and occurrences in the starry heavens would be an important factor in maintaining the position of Sin in the pantheon.
The seven-day week (see Calendar) originated in West Asia, spread to Europe and later to North Africa (Mahommedan).
In the administration of finance, in addition to the remission of arrears already mentioned, a revision of claims was ordered to be made every fifteen years, thereby anticipating the "indictions" (see Calendar; Chronology).
See Lane's Modern Egyptians, chap. xxv.; Michell, Egyptian Calendar; Hughes, Dictionary of Islam, pp. 192 ff.; Sir R.
They follow the Orthodox Eastern liturgy, ceremonial and calendar, but acknowledge the papal and doctrinal authority of Rome.
(I) In the Spring (it must be remembered that the old Roman calendar began the year with March) we have ceremonials of anticipation and prayer for the crops to come: prominent among them are the Fordicidia, with its symbolic slaughter of pregnant cows, addressed to Tellus, the Cerealia, a prayer-service to Ceres for the corn-crop, and the most important of the rustic celebrations of lustration and propitiation, the Parilia, the festival of Pales.
In the article Calendar (q.v.), that part of chronology is treated which relates to the measurement of time, and the principal methods are explained that have been employed, or are still in use, for adjusting the lunar months of the solar year, as well as the intercalations necessary for regulating the civil year according to the celestial motions.
The civil year commenced with the calends of January, but this did not hold a fixed place in the solar year till the time of Julius Caesar(see Calendar).
Another circumstance to which it is often necessary to pay attention in the comparison of dates, is the alteration of style which took place on the adoption of the Gregorian Calendar (see Calendar).
Among his noteworthy achievements are the reform of the calendar on the 24th of February 1582 (see Calendar); the improved edition of the Corpus juris canonici, 1582; the splendid Gregorian Chapel in St Peter's; the fountains of the Piazza Navona; the Quirinal Palace; and many other public works.
cognition in the Julian calendar.
29, was one of the three alternative dates for the Crucifixion which on astronomical and calendar grounds were found (see above, 5d) to be possible.
In The Tables Of The Church Calendar The Epacts Are Usually Printed In Roman Numerals, Excepting The Last, Which Is Designated By An Asterisk (*), Used As An Indefinite Symbol To Denote 30 Or O, And 25, Which In The Last Eight Columns Is Expressed In Arabic Characters, For A Reason That Will Immediately Be Explained.
For This Purpose They Are Placed In The Calendar (Table Iv.) Along With The Days Of The Month And Dominical Letters, In A Retrograde Order, So That The Asterisk Stands Beside The 1St Of January, 29 Beside The 2Nd, 28 Beside The 3Rd And So On To 1, Which Corresponds To The 30Th.
In Order To Adapt It To The Gregorian Calendar, We Must First Add The To Days That Were Left Out Of The Year 1582; In The Second Place We Must Add One Day For Every Century That Has Elapsed Since 1600, In Consequence Of The Secular Suppression Of The Intercalary Day; And Lastly We Must Deduct The Units Contained In A Fourth Of The Same Number, Because Every Fourth Centesimal Year Is Still A Leap Year.Q Denoting, Therefore, The Number Of The Century (Or The Date After The Two Right Hand Digits Have Been Struck Out) By C, The Value Of L Must Be Increased By 10 (C 16) (6 C L = 7M 3 X (4 X) W Io (C 16) (C 4 16) W; That Is, Since 3 To =13 Or 6 (The 7 Days Being Rejected, As They Do Not Affect The Value Of L), L=7M 6 X () W _ 16) (_ L _ 6)W; This Formula Is Perfectly General, And Easily Calculated.
Bliss's Calendar of Entries in the Papal Registers, vol.
Gregory did good service, moreover, by his reform of the calendar which bears his name, by his emended edition of the Corpus juris canonici and by the creation of nunciatures.
The rising of Sothis (Sirius) at the beginning of the inundation was a particularly important point to fix in the yearly calendar (see below, Chronology).
The name of "Ragman" has been sometimes confined to the record of 1296, of which an account is given in Calendar of Documents relating to Scotland preserved in the Public Record Office, London (1884), vol.
The older calendar, on the other hand, knows nothing of " holy convocations," nor of abstinence from work; the time of the feasts, which are clearly connected with agriculture, is only roughly defined with reference to the harvest (cf.
A new system of weights and measures, a new currency, a RevÃ‚°lu new chronological era (that of the Republic), and a new calendar were introduced (see the section Republican Calendar below).
Such a supposition would accord with the prominence acquired by the moon in the calendar and in astrological calculations, as well as with the fact pointed out (see SIN) that the moon-cult belongs to the nomadic and therefore earlier, stage of civilization, whereas the sun-god rises to full importance only after the agricultural stage has been reached.
After this time, membership will run for a 12 month period renewable on each calendar anniversary.
The reservist 's award is paid in arrears at the end of each calendar month.
For the sake of convenience, firms may wish to set a general limit of £ 9,400 for the calendar year 2003.
However, the saucy calendar still graces one of the walls !
The Passover seder night is one of the highlights of the JGLG religious calendar.
London Fashion Week is the major showcase event in the fashion industry calendar.
Be able to claim as a calendar signifier of sin.
There is also a European initiative to promote an annual day in the European calendar for people to check their smoke detector batteries.
The committee has come up with the new meet calendar, mainly solicited from members ' requests.
New England Patriots Cheerleader Brittany Medeiros poses for the 2006-07 Patriots Cheerleaders swimsuit calendar.
Synchronize the phone book, calendar and to-do notes between your phone and PC.
Events Calendar Eastside is a treasure trove of hidden gems.
What 's on Here you'll find the only unified up-to-date listing of local events available anywhere - namely the Calendar of Events !
Calendar Fills in any unset fields in the time field list.
As the Greeks used the seasons and the vernal points their concepts were used to produce a calendar.
The zodiac worked as a symbolic calendar divided into twelve parts, like the of 12 moons waxing and waning in a year.
Glasgow 's nightlife is eclectic & electric and the city plays host to a year-round calendar of exciting festivals and major events.
A preemie calendar can help parents understand if their little one is on track with his or her development.
Many parents prefer to keep a preemie calendar in which they can document their infant's progress.
If you need additional help documenting your child's growth and development, you might want to purchase or create a preemie calendar.
Take your calendar to each of your child's doctor's visits as well.
Don't forget a calendar or two so baby's first Christmas can be remembered all year long.
You might want to use a reward calendar or chart that allows your child to place stickers on each successful day.
If you look around through popular online retailers such as Amazon you can find very similar oversized clocks with nice calendar displays for lower prices.
For something smaller in size, La Crosse Technology is another brand which sells wall clocks with a calendar feature.
Jenda is a unique electronic wall calendar clock that actually allows you to leave personalized audio messages for yourself on given days of the week.
Jenda looks like a regular calendar display with a full month showing.
You push a button down corresponding to the day of the month that you want to record a message for and simply hold it down while speaking into the calendar.
This is a great resource not only for busy parents who don't want to miss anything important, but for anyone who needs the convenience of a calendar but doesn't have time to write everything down, this is a great alternative.
Jenda is known as a "family organizer calendar" and can be purchased through Finger-string.com.
Whether you can get away with a desktop electronic calendar or need to buy electronic wall calendar depends on your purpose for making the purchase.
If you just need something to help coordinate various members of your household so nothing is forgotten and everyone is cared for, then something like the Jenda electronic family calendar would be great.
If on the other hand you need an electronic calendar that allows you to store a variety of events and reminders that you can refer to often, you might want to go with one of the products designed to sit on your desk.
They are very convenient for business purposes and many will store more data than you will get with a hanging calendar.
The word usage examples above have been gathered from various sources to reflect current and historial usage. They do not represent the opinions of YourDictionary.com.