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calculating

calculating

calculating Sentence Examples

  • His look was calculating and judging.

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  • He was probably calculating the time.

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  • She looked them over dismissively, calculating what it would take to kill them all.

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  • She looked them over dismissively, calculating what it would take to kill them all.

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  • It is thus customary in calculating diurnal inequalities either to take no account of days on which there is an appreciable rainfall, or else to form separate tables for " dry " or " fine " days and for " all " days.

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  • A shopkeeper with red pimples on his cheeks near the nose, and a calm, persistent, calculating expression on his plump face, hurriedly and ostentatiously approached the officer, swinging his arms.

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  • She offered Clara some iced tea and they talked for almost an hour before Clara surprised her with a calculating question and matching expression.

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  • He made her sound so cold and calculating - so mechanical.

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  • Calculating the actual, societal costs of fatty foods, alcohol, cars, pet ownership, mercury thermometers, air conditioning, solar panels, razor blades, jogging shoes, and ten thousand other things, and incorporating those costs in the prices as taxes would lead to a vastly more efficient allocation of resources.

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  • She felt very alone as she realized his plotting was not the result of a few months of planning but the maneuvers of a calculating, patient man.

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  • "But you thought you should defend me," he said in a calculating tone.

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  • With respect to the calculating rods, he mentions in the dedication that they had already found so much favour as to be almost in common use, and even to have been carried to foreign countries; and that he has been advised to publish his little work relating to their mechanism and use, lest they should be put forth in some one else's name.

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  • Mayer (1842) made this assumption in calculating the mechanical equivalent of heat.

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  • The best general method of calculating logarithms consists, in its simplest form, in resolving the number whose logarithm is required into factors of the form I - i r n, where n is one of the nine digits, and making use of subsidiary tables of logarithms of factors of this form.

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  • Her calculating gaze ran over Carmen from head to toe and she smiled.

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  • The standard of comparison generally adopted for this purpose is obtained by calculating the efficiency of an engine working according to the Rankine cycle.

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  • Barras, after a calculating delay, followed suit.

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  • Ketteler and known as the Ketteler-Helmholtz formula, has been much used in calculating dispersion, and expresses the facts with remarkable accuracy.

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  • It contains an easy and accurate method for calculating eclipses; an essay on colour, in which three primary colours are recognized; a catalogue of 998 zodiacal stars; and a memoir, the earliest of any real value, on the proper motion of eighty stars, originally communicated to the Gottingen Royal Society in 1760.

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  • The table given below will be useful in calculating the size of the radiating surface necessary to raise the temperature to the extent required when the external air is at freezing point (32° Fahr.): - At the city of Lockport in New York state, America, an interesting example of the direct app of Lockport.

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  • Here, he was calm and calculating.

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  • He wasn't like this before – so cold and calculating.

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  • With this end in view he expounded to the Berlin academy in 1849 a mode of determining an elliptic orbit from three observations, and communicated to that body in 1851 a new method of calculating planetary perturbations by means of rectangular coordinates (republished in W.

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  • His personality was that of a well-instructed, outwardly cold, because cool and calculating man, essentially receptive, afire for only one idea: the highest possible development of the French monarchy, internally and externally, as against both the secular powers and the Church.

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  • In calculating the percentages of forenoon and afternoon occurrences half the entries under noon and midnight were assigned to each half of the day.

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  • But he has been more generally known by his Doctrine of Chances, or Method of Calculating the Probabilities of Events at Play.

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  • The Celtic church, unluckily, differed from the Roman on the question of the method of calculating the date of Easter, the form of the tonsure, and other usages, one of them apparently relating to a detail in the celebration of the Holy Communion.

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  • The weight of steam condensed on the body gives a means of calculating the quantity of heat required to raise it from the atmospheric temperature up to ioo° C. in terms of the latent heat of vaporization of steam at zoo° C. There can be no appreciable gain or loss of heat by radiation, if the admission of the steam is sufficiently rapid, since the walls of the enclosure are maintained at too C., very nearly.

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  • 1.40, Rankine found S = .385, a value which he used, in default of a better, in calculating some of the properties of steam, although he observed that it was much larger than the coefficient .305 in Regnault's formula for the variation of the total heat.

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  • The mean value, 0.313 of dH/d0, between loo° and 200° agrees fairly well with Regnault's coefficient 0.305, but it is clear that considerable errors in calculating the wetness of steam or the amount of cylinder condensation would result from assuming this important coefficient to be constant.

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  • The kinematical relations above explained now lead to the conclusion that in calculating the effect of extraneous forces in an infinitely short time t we may take moments about an axis passing through the instantaneous position of G exactly as if G were fixed; moreover, the result will be the same whether in this process we employ the true velocities of the particles or merely their velocities relative to G.

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  • In applying this principle to the drawing of an acceleration diagram for a mechanism, the velocity diagram of the mechanism must be first drawn in order to afford the means of calculating the several radial accelerations of the links.

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  • It is clear from Guicciardini's autobiographical memoirs that he was ambitious, calculating, avaricious and power-loving from his earliest years; and in Spain he had no more than an opportunity of studying on a large scale those political vices which already ruled the minor potentates of Italy.

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  • Instead of calculating the direction and magnitude of the resultant force on each particle arising from the action of neighbouring particles, he formed a single expression which is the aggregate of all the potentials arising from the mutual action between pairs of particles.

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  • The former can be found at once by calculating the mutual attraction of the parts of a large mass which lie on opposite sides of an imaginary plane interface.

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  • Davy on the application of machinery to the calculation and printing of mathematical tables, he discussed the principles of a calculating engine, to the construction of which he devoted many years of his life.

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  • His peculiar talent, comparable in many respects to that of the so-called "calculating boys," was not combined with any exceptional measure of intellectual power, and produced nothing of permanent value.

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  • The central gauge is useful for correcting and checking the others, but in such a perfectly simple case as the straight valley above assumed it may be omitted in calculating the results, and if the other four gauges are properly placed, the arithmetical mean of their results will probably not differ widely from the true mean for the valley.

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  • At the age of twelve he engaged Zerah Colburn, the American " calculating boy," who was then being exhibited as a curiosity in Dublin, and he had not always the worst of the encounter.

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  • Newton, by calculating from Kepler's laws, and supposing the orbits of the planets to be circles round the sun in the centre, had already proved that the force of the sun acting upon the different planets must vary as the inverse square of the distances of the planets from the sun.

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  • But by observing the distance through which a body would fall in one second of time at the earth's surface, and by calculating from that on the supposition of the force diminishing in the ratio of the inverse square of the distance, he found that the earth's attraction at the distance of the moon would draw a body through 15 ft.

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  • In calculating an average it should be observed that the addition of any numerical quantity (positive or negative) to each of the measurements produces the addition of the same quantity to the average, so that the calculation may often be simplified by taking some particular measurement as a new zero from which to measure.

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  • This differed from a civil action only in the terms employed and the elements used in calculating the amount of the reparation.

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  • In calculating the amount of compensation the most characteristic and important element was Einechlan (= honour-price, honour-value), a value attaching to every free person, varying in amount from one cow to thirty cows according to rank.

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  • To meet the obvious objections to this method, based on the immediate happiness caused by admitted crimes (such as " knocking a rich villain on the head "), he lays stress on the necessity of general rules in any kind of legislation;' while, by urging the importance of forming and maintaining good habits, he partly evades the difficulty of calculating the consequences of particular actions.

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  • Calculating on his loyal subservience, James appointed his brother-in-law, Lord Clarendon, to succeed Ormonde.

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  • Her ideal was a narrow and unworthy one, and was pursued with a calculating selfishness and a total disregard for the rights of others, which robbed it of the moral worth it might otherwise have possessed.

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  • But the scattered heterogeneity of his possessions, the frequent crippling of his authority by national privileges or by political discords and religious quarrels, his perpetual straits for money, and his cautious calculating character, almost outweighed the advantages which he possessed in the terrible Spanish infantry, the wealthy commerce of the Netherlands, and the inexhaustible mines of the New World.

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  • (5) In calculating the conditions of interference in the last case, it is necessary to add a half wave-length to the actual difference of path of the streams, unless the primitive and final planes of polarization lie in the same angle between the two perpendicular planes.

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  • It is necessary to take all these conditions carefully into account in calculating the balance due to the Thomson effect.

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  • The size of the image is determined by calculating the entire interval taken up by it.

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  • But his nature was cold, unsympathetic and calculating, combined with a talent for intrigue, to which was added an excellent memory and a ready wit.

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  • It is impossible within brief limits to convey more than a general idea of the work of a philosopher who published more than three hundred original papers bearing upon nearly every branch of physical science; who one day was working out the mathematics of a vortex theory of matter on hydrodynamical principles or discovering the limitations of the capabilities of the vortex atom, on another was applying the theory of elasticity to tides in the solid earth, or was calculating the size of water molecules, and later was designing an electricity meter, a dynamo or a domestic water-tap. It is only by reference to his published papers that any approximate conception can be formed of his life's work; but the student who had read all these knew comparatively little of Lord Kelvin if he had not talked with him face to face.

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  • While still young, he, along with Blaise Pascal, made some discoveries in regard to the properties of numbers, on which he afterwards built his method of calculating probabilities.

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  • Her calculating gaze ran over Carmen from head to toe and she smiled.

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  • "But you thought you should defend me," he said in a calculating tone.

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  • He made her sound so cold and calculating - so mechanical.

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  • Here, he was calm and calculating.

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  • His look was calculating and judging.

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  • He was probably calculating the time.

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  • She felt very alone as she realized his plotting was not the result of a few months of planning but the maneuvers of a calculating, patient man.

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  • He wasn't like this before – so cold and calculating.

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  • She offered Clara some iced tea and they talked for almost an hour before Clara surprised her with a calculating question and matching expression.

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  • Don't get too caught up in calculating exact amounts.

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  • The local density approximation (LDA) is shown to be inadequate for calculating the band-gap narrowing.

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  • Activities include making a simple astrolabe, calculating your moon weight and writing a letter to an alien.

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  • calculateould be taken when using the section explaining the method of calculating probabilities using normal tables.

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  • calculatees for calculating the actual entitlement to benefit have not changed.

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  • calculateet too caught up in calculating exact amounts.

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  • top calculating and paying NICs The employer pays to HMRC each month, Class 1 NICs due on 1/12 of the best estimate.

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  • calculating backpay for details of how to calculate lost pension rights.

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  • calculating costs.

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  • calculating machine.

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  • calculating ferry charges are a minefield and I find their brochures confusing when you are trying to compare prices.

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  • The problem is that the Spectrum ROM handles this line interpretation as an arithmetic calculation, and calls its calculating routines.

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  • Does ' calculating the calories ' take all the fun out of eating?

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  • The two-dimensional coordinates of each marker were obtained by calculating the centroid of each marker outline for each digitized video frame.

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  • C This file contains the routines for calculating surface convection.

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  • This correlation could be investigated further by calculating a cross correlation between the RMSD and chi1 and chi2 angles.

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  • Main outcome measures: Relationship between variables examined by calculating Pearson's product moment correlation coefficients.

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  • The way that repayments of such loans are treated in calculating a deduction depends on the date that the CTAEO was made.

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  • The definition of a determinant in all dimensions will be given in detail, together with applications and techniques for calculating determinants.

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  • Calculating drug dosage Haigh S. How to calculate drug dosage accurately: advice for nurses.

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  • The program tests for linear dependence by calculating the eigenvalues of the overlap matrix.

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  • The rules for calculating the actual entitlement to benefit have not changed.

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  • calculating entropy is easy enough with a calculator provided it has an ln button.

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  • expenditure on R&D when calculating their profit for tax purposes.

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  • What traveling expenses are allowed in calculating the deemed payment?

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  • You also have noticed that I have changed the code for calculating the factorial.

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  • For instance, if you are calculating the scene illumination for a larger f-number you will expect a higher value.

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  • A technique for calculating the time domain averages of the vibration of the individual planet gears and sun gear in an epicyclic gearbox.

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  • The Influence of Tree Canopy An often overlooked point when calculating tree shadow lengths is the radial distance of the crown spread.

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  • A basic ship's log was used as a means of estimating the speed of a vessel, and so roughly calculating the longitude.

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  • As seen in Arguedas's work, coastal culture is rooted in a calculating, scientific, Western mentality.

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  • The canal company had to have mileposts by law; they were essential for calculating tolls.

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  • If spontaneous nystagmus is present, this must be taken into consideration when calculating both canal paresis and directional preponderance.

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  • Geometrical optics are a useful tool for calculating reflections from the polygons in a 3D database.

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  • In Vienna, Professor Edmond Weiss was busy calculating probable close encounters between Earth and comet orbits.

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  • I shall discuss recent developments in the ' transfer matrix ' method for calculating chromatic polynomials of families of graphs.

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  • probabilityly, there would appear to be no problem in calculating these probabilities: Consider the possible events in a given time interval.

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  • probabilityr pupils are calculating binomial probabilities almost without realizing it.

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  • The method of estimating future benzene roadside and background concentrations is similar to that used for calculating exceedances of the 5 ppb standard.

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  • Sirius web is a useful tool for calculating staff costs within the University sector.

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  • sixpenny telegrams, no typewriters, no dictaphones or calculating machines.

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  • Software tools are available for calculating diffraction spectra for specified crystal structures.

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  • accessing the subconscious He cites, for example, a non-autistic student whose calculating skills rival those of the best mathematical savants.

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  • But the maths teacher has always been calculating toward a career in the clouds as a pilot.

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  • Fortunately, the only a risk would be using the same logic for calculating a trajectory for landing a probe on Titan.

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  • traveling expenses are allowed in calculating the deemed payment?

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  • The use of these simple trigonometry is illustrated by the method of calculating distances on the Earth.

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  • concurrent validity was established by calculating correlation coefficients between Deleted Essential Test scores and scores on other integrative and holistic tests.

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  • Therefore, the £ 5,000 has been added to net salary and benefits before calculating and deducting the amount attributable to overseas workdays.

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  • It is thus customary in calculating diurnal inequalities either to take no account of days on which there is an appreciable rainfall, or else to form separate tables for " dry " or " fine " days and for " all " days.

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  • Ellis used mean-tone temperament in calculating this lower pitch; but as he used just intonation for the Halberstadt, it seems preferable to substitute it for the Chorton, thus reducing it to a' 422.8.

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  • The table given below will be useful in calculating the size of the radiating surface necessary to raise the temperature to the extent required when the external air is at freezing point (32° Fahr.): - At the city of Lockport in New York state, America, an interesting example of the direct app of Lockport.

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  • With respect to the calculating rods, he mentions in the dedication that they had already found so much favour as to be almost in common use, and even to have been carried to foreign countries; and that he has been advised to publish his little work relating to their mechanism and use, lest they should be put forth in some one else's name.

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  • Besides the logarithms and the calculating rods or bones, Napier's name is attached to certain rules and formulae in spherical trigonometry.

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  • With this end in view he expounded to the Berlin academy in 1849 a mode of determining an elliptic orbit from three observations, and communicated to that body in 1851 a new method of calculating planetary perturbations by means of rectangular coordinates (republished in W.

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  • The wire being paid out without slack measures the actual distance and speed over the ground, and the engineer in charge is relieved of all anxiety in estimating the depth from the scattered soundings of the preliminary survey, or in calculating the retarding strain required to produce the specified slack, since the brakesman merely has to follow the indications of the instrument and regulate the strain so as to keep the pointer at the figure required - an easy task, seeing that the ratio of speed of wire and cable is not affected by the motion of the ship, whatever be the state of the sea, whereas the will I',/ OW= o a ' 30 30 ao.

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  • A lethargy of well-being, broken only by the pinch of taxation for war-costs, or by outbursts of frantic ferocity and lust in the less calculating tyrants, descended on the population of cities which had boasted of their freedom.

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  • Calculating the area of the land at 55,000,000 sq.

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  • The standard of comparison generally adopted for this purpose is obtained by calculating the efficiency of an engine working according to the Rankine cycle.

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  • The curve was drawn by calculating the thermal efficiency from the above expression for various values of the initial temperature, keeping the final temperature constant at 673°, and then plotting these efficiencies against the corresponding values of the gauge pressures.

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  • He seems to have been much indulged, and to have led a very pleasant life of it; he pleased himself in moderate excursions, frequented the theatre, mingled, though not very often, in society; was sometimes a little extravagant, and sometimes a little dissipated, but never lost the benefits of his Lausanne exile; and easily settled into a sober, discreet, calculating Epicurean philosopher, who sought the summum bonum of man in temperate, regulated and elevated pleasure.

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  • For substances consisting of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen, a rule was early devised for the purpose of roughly calculating their heat of combustion (J.

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  • Barras, after a calculating delay, followed suit.

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  • Most of the automobiles are manufactured in Cleveland; most of the cash registers and calculating machines in Dayton; most of the rubber and elastic goods in Akron; nearly one-half of the liquors and about three-fourths of the men's clothing in Cincinnati.

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  • Under the new settlement Athens remained a free and sovereign city - a boon which she repaid by zealous Caesar-worship, for the favours bestowed upon her tended to pauperize her citizens and to foster their besetting sin of calculating flattery.

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  • This is the general equation for calculating the heat of combustion of a hydrocarbon.

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  • In order to adapt this formula to logarithms, we introduce a subsidiary angle p, such that cot p = cot l cos t; we then have cos D = sin 1 cos( - p) I sin p. In the above formulae our earth is assumed to be a sphere, but when calculating and reducing to the sea-level, a base-line, or the side of a primary triangulation, account must be taken of the spheroidal shape of the earth and of the elevation above the sealevel.

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  • The Liber abaci, which fills 459 printed pages, contains the most perfect methods of calculating with whole numbers and with fractions, practice, extraction of the square and cube roots, proportion, chain rule, finding of proportional parts, averages, progressions, even compound interest, just as in the completest mercantile arithmetics of our days.

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  • 4to, Paris, 1799) contains methods for calculating the movements of translation and rotation of the heavenly bodies, for determining their figures, and resolving tidal problems; the second, especially dedicated to the improvement of tables, exhibits in the third and fourth volumes (1802 and 1805) the application of these formulae; while a fifth volume, published in three instalments, 1823-1825, comprises the results of Laplace's latest researches, together with a valuable history of progress in each separate branch of his subject.

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  • In calculating 1/2, for instance, we proceed as if 2.0000...

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  • The path of a ray from the wave-surface A 0 B 0 to the point A is changed; but in virtue of the minimum property the change may be neglected in calculating the optical distance,as it influences the result by quantities of the second order only in the changes of refrangibility.

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  • cannot be reckoned among the great sultans, neither had he any of the calculating statecraft which characterized Abd-ul-Hamid II.; but his qualities of mind and heart, none the less, raised him far above the mass of his predecessors and successors.

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  • These rules provide means for calculating the resultant capacity when any number of condensers are joined up in any way.

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  • Carnot verified this by calculating the values of F'(t) at various temperatures from the known properties of vapours and gases, and showed that the efficiency function diminished with rise of temperature, as measured on the scale of the mercury or gas thermometer, from about 1.40 kilogrammetres per kilo-calorie per degree C. at o° C. to about I 11 at Ioo° C., according to the imperfect data available in his time.

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  • Mayer (1842) made this assumption in calculating the mechanical equivalent of heat.

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  • which is useful for calculating the variation of the specific heat s with variation of density at constant temperature.

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  • Of this fact the Germans were well aware, and hence they decided from the first to reduce the place by hunger, calculating that with the extra 150,000 men thrown back upon the fortress, its food supplies could not last very long.

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  • Calculating from sheet A I of the Prince of Monaco's Atlas of Ocean Depths,' Kriimmel obtained a mean angle of slope of 0° 2 7 ' 44" or an average fall of i in 124 for the North Atlantic between o° and 47° N., the enclosed seas being left out of account.

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  • It was used for taking the altitudes of sun, moon and stars; for calculating latitude; for determining the points of the compass, and time; for ascertaining heights of mountains, &c.; and for construction of horoscopes.

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  • It might, therefore, be described as that branch of mathematics which deals with formulae for calculating the numerical measurements of curved lengths, areas and volumes, in terms of numerical data which determine these measurements.

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  • (v) The idea of an average may be introduced at an early stage, methods of calculating an average being left to a later stage.

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  • For mechanical methods of calculating areas and moments see CALCULATING MACHINES.

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  • Among the incidental operations are (a) the valuation of the bullion by weighing and assaying it; (b) " rating" the bullion, or calculating the amount of copper to be added to make up the standard alloy; (c) recovering the values from ground-up crucibles, ashes and floor sweepings (the Mint " sweep "); (d) assaying the melted bars; (e) " pyxing " the finished coin or selecting specimens to be weighed and assayed; (f) " telling " or counting the coin.

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  • It turned, therefore, principally upon the efficiency of the Trans-Siberian railway and in calculating this the Japanese made a serious underestimate.

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  • The Specula Melitensis Encyclica (1638) gives an account of a kind of calculating machine of his invention.

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  • development of theory has advanced poi passe with the demand for bridges of greater strength and span and of more complex design, and there is now little uncertainty in calculating the stresses in any of the types of structure now adopted.

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  • Calculating from the present rate of deposit of alluvium at the head of that gulf, Eridu should have been founded as early as the seventh millennium B.C. It is mentioned in historical inscriptions from the earliest times onward, as late as the 6th century B.C. From the evidence of Taylor's excavations, it would seem that the site was abandoned about the close of the Babylonian period.

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  • Calculating machines >>

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  • It will be noticed that n cannot be exactly the same in all these equations; but if n is the same in (69) and (74) y/x = tan n, so that n is the inclination of the chord of the arc of the trajectory, as in Niven's method of calculating trajectories (Proc. R.

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  • He studied medicine at Göttingen, 1 7771 7 80, attending at the same time Kaestner's mathematical course; and in 1779, while watching by the sick-bed of a fellow-student, he devised a method of calculating cometary orbits which made an epoch in the treatment of the subject, and is still extensively used.

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  • The next publication was due to Vlacq, who appended to his logarithms of numbers in the Arithmetica logarithmica of 1628 a table giving log sines, tangents and secants for every minute of the quadrant to ro places; there were obtained by calculating the logarithms of the natural sines, &c. given in the Thesaurus mathematicus of Pitiscus (1613).

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  • Great attention was devoted to the methods of calculating logarithms during the 17th and 18th centuries.

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  • The best general method of calculating logarithms consists, in its simplest form, in resolving the number whose logarithm is required into factors of the form I - i r n, where n is one of the nine digits, and making use of subsidiary tables of logarithms of factors of this form.

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  • This method of calculating logarithms by the resolution of numbers into factors of the form i -.

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  • Ellis in a paper "on the potential radix as a means of calculating logarithms," printed in the Proceedings of the Royal Society, vol.

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  • Ketteler and known as the Ketteler-Helmholtz formula, has been much used in calculating dispersion, and expresses the facts with remarkable accuracy.

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  • Calculating roundly a cent as equal to a halfpenny, and eight bushels to the quarter, the above would appear in English currency as follows: Chicago to New York in Shillings and Pence per Quarter.

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  • It contains an easy and accurate method for calculating eclipses; an essay on colour, in which three primary colours are recognized; a catalogue of 998 zodiacal stars; and a memoir, the earliest of any real value, on the proper motion of eighty stars, originally communicated to the Gottingen Royal Society in 1760.

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  • for the purpose of obtaining smaller deviation, one part of the compound acts in opposition to the other, the resolving power of the opposing portion must be deducted in calculating the power of the whole.

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  • In 1769, in a letter to Dr Franklin, he wrote some observations on the expectation of lives, the increase of mankind, and the population of London, which were published in the Philosophical Transactions of that year; in May 1770 he communicated to the Royal Society a paper on the proper method of calculating the values of contingent reversions.

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  • His personality was that of a well-instructed, outwardly cold, because cool and calculating man, essentially receptive, afire for only one idea: the highest possible development of the French monarchy, internally and externally, as against both the secular powers and the Church.

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  • In calculating the percentages of forenoon and afternoon occurrences half the entries under noon and midnight were assigned to each half of the day.

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  • But he has been more generally known by his Doctrine of Chances, or Method of Calculating the Probabilities of Events at Play.

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  • The Celtic church, unluckily, differed from the Roman on the question of the method of calculating the date of Easter, the form of the tonsure, and other usages, one of them apparently relating to a detail in the celebration of the Holy Communion.

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  • The weight of steam condensed on the body gives a means of calculating the quantity of heat required to raise it from the atmospheric temperature up to ioo° C. in terms of the latent heat of vaporization of steam at zoo° C. There can be no appreciable gain or loss of heat by radiation, if the admission of the steam is sufficiently rapid, since the walls of the enclosure are maintained at too C., very nearly.

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  • 1.40, Rankine found S = .385, a value which he used, in default of a better, in calculating some of the properties of steam, although he observed that it was much larger than the coefficient .305 in Regnault's formula for the variation of the total heat.

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  • The mean value, 0.313 of dH/d0, between loo° and 200° agrees fairly well with Regnault's coefficient 0.305, but it is clear that considerable errors in calculating the wetness of steam or the amount of cylinder condensation would result from assuming this important coefficient to be constant.

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  • The kinematical relations above explained now lead to the conclusion that in calculating the effect of extraneous forces in an infinitely short time t we may take moments about an axis passing through the instantaneous position of G exactly as if G were fixed; moreover, the result will be the same whether in this process we employ the true velocities of the particles or merely their velocities relative to G.

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  • In applying this principle to the drawing of an acceleration diagram for a mechanism, the velocity diagram of the mechanism must be first drawn in order to afford the means of calculating the several radial accelerations of the links.

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  • It is clear from Guicciardini's autobiographical memoirs that he was ambitious, calculating, avaricious and power-loving from his earliest years; and in Spain he had no more than an opportunity of studying on a large scale those political vices which already ruled the minor potentates of Italy.

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  • There was then a short lull in the persecution; but on the death of Gaiseric (477) and the accession of Hunneric it broke out again with greater violence than ever, the ferocity of Hunneric being more thoroughly stupid and brutal than the calculating cruelty of his father.

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  • Instead of calculating the direction and magnitude of the resultant force on each particle arising from the action of neighbouring particles, he formed a single expression which is the aggregate of all the potentials arising from the mutual action between pairs of particles.

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  • The former can be found at once by calculating the mutual attraction of the parts of a large mass which lie on opposite sides of an imaginary plane interface.

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  • Davy on the application of machinery to the calculation and printing of mathematical tables, he discussed the principles of a calculating engine, to the construction of which he devoted many years of his life.

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  • The great calculating engine was never completed; the constructor apparently desired to adopt a new principle when the first specimen was nearly complete, to make it not a difference but an analytical engine, and the government declined to accept the further risk (see Calculating Machines).

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  • His peculiar talent, comparable in many respects to that of the so-called "calculating boys," was not combined with any exceptional measure of intellectual power, and produced nothing of permanent value.

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  • The central gauge is useful for correcting and checking the others, but in such a perfectly simple case as the straight valley above assumed it may be omitted in calculating the results, and if the other four gauges are properly placed, the arithmetical mean of their results will probably not differ widely from the true mean for the valley.

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  • At the age of twelve he engaged Zerah Colburn, the American " calculating boy," who was then being exhibited as a curiosity in Dublin, and he had not always the worst of the encounter.

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  • Newton, by calculating from Kepler's laws, and supposing the orbits of the planets to be circles round the sun in the centre, had already proved that the force of the sun acting upon the different planets must vary as the inverse square of the distances of the planets from the sun.

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  • But by observing the distance through which a body would fall in one second of time at the earth's surface, and by calculating from that on the supposition of the force diminishing in the ratio of the inverse square of the distance, he found that the earth's attraction at the distance of the moon would draw a body through 15 ft.

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  • (SEE Logarithm.) The slide-rule (see Calculating Machines) is a simple apparatus for the mechanical application of the methods of logarithms.

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  • In calculating an average it should be observed that the addition of any numerical quantity (positive or negative) to each of the measurements produces the addition of the same quantity to the average, so that the calculation may often be simplified by taking some particular measurement as a new zero from which to measure.

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  • This differed from a civil action only in the terms employed and the elements used in calculating the amount of the reparation.

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  • In calculating the amount of compensation the most characteristic and important element was Einechlan (= honour-price, honour-value), a value attaching to every free person, varying in amount from one cow to thirty cows according to rank.

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  • To meet the obvious objections to this method, based on the immediate happiness caused by admitted crimes (such as " knocking a rich villain on the head "), he lays stress on the necessity of general rules in any kind of legislation;' while, by urging the importance of forming and maintaining good habits, he partly evades the difficulty of calculating the consequences of particular actions.

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  • He found in Tycho's ample legacy of first-class data precisely what enabled him to try, by the touchstone of fact, the successive hypotheses that he imagined; and his untiring patience in comparing and calculating the observations at his disposal was rewarded by a series of unique discoveries.

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  • The " method of least squares," by which the most probable result can be educed from a body of observational data, was published by Adrien Marie Legendre in 1806, by Carl Friedrich Gauss in his Theoria Motus (1809), which described also a mode of calculating the orbit of a planet from three complete observations, afterwards turned to important account for the recapture of Ceres, the first discovered asteroid (see Planets, Minor).

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  • Calculating on his loyal subservience, James appointed his brother-in-law, Lord Clarendon, to succeed Ormonde.

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  • Her ideal was a narrow and unworthy one, and was pursued with a calculating selfishness and a total disregard for the rights of others, which robbed it of the moral worth it might otherwise have possessed.

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  • But the scattered heterogeneity of his possessions, the frequent crippling of his authority by national privileges or by political discords and religious quarrels, his perpetual straits for money, and his cautious calculating character, almost outweighed the advantages which he possessed in the terrible Spanish infantry, the wealthy commerce of the Netherlands, and the inexhaustible mines of the New World.

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  • (5) In calculating the conditions of interference in the last case, it is necessary to add a half wave-length to the actual difference of path of the streams, unless the primitive and final planes of polarization lie in the same angle between the two perpendicular planes.

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  • It is necessary to take all these conditions carefully into account in calculating the balance due to the Thomson effect.

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  • The size of the image is determined by calculating the entire interval taken up by it.

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  • But his nature was cold, unsympathetic and calculating, combined with a talent for intrigue, to which was added an excellent memory and a ready wit.

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  • It is impossible within brief limits to convey more than a general idea of the work of a philosopher who published more than three hundred original papers bearing upon nearly every branch of physical science; who one day was working out the mathematics of a vortex theory of matter on hydrodynamical principles or discovering the limitations of the capabilities of the vortex atom, on another was applying the theory of elasticity to tides in the solid earth, or was calculating the size of water molecules, and later was designing an electricity meter, a dynamo or a domestic water-tap. It is only by reference to his published papers that any approximate conception can be formed of his life's work; but the student who had read all these knew comparatively little of Lord Kelvin if he had not talked with him face to face.

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  • While still young, he, along with Blaise Pascal, made some discoveries in regard to the properties of numbers, on which he afterwards built his method of calculating probabilities.

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  • The method of estimating future benzene roadside and background concentrations is similar to that used for calculating exceedances of the 5 ppb standard.

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  • Al is not that good in calculating and so we do n't want him to manually update the shoelace view.

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  • Sirius web is a useful tool for calculating staff costs within the University sector.

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  • There were no telephones, no sixpenny telegrams, no typewriters, no dictaphones or calculating machines.

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  • Software tools are available for calculating diffraction spectra for specified crystal structures.

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  • Accessing the subconscious He cites, for example, a non-autistic student whose calculating skills rival those of the best mathematical savants.

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  • But the maths teacher has always been calculating toward a career in the clouds as a pilot.

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  • Fortunately, the only a risk would be using the same logic for calculating a trajectory for landing a probe on Titan.

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  • The use of these simple trigonometry is illustrated by the method of calculating distances on the Earth.

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  • For the purpose of calculating payment for the remainder of the first month, all months are taken as one twelfth of the year.

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  • Concurrent validity was established by calculating correlation coefficients between Deleted Essential Test scores and scores on other integrative and holistic tests.

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  • Therefore, the £ 5,000 has been added to net salary and benefits before calculating and deducting the amount attributable to overseas workdays.

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  • You can find help right online with getting started, talking to an agent and calculating a plan.

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  • Did you ever wonder what the formula was for calculating cat years to human years?

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  • The important number with the funny name, FICO is named after the Fair Isaac Corporation, which developed the first mathematic formula for calculating a consumer's creditworthiness.

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  • A general estimator is available and can give users a ballpark idea of how their credit score would appear to lenders without calculating the actual number.

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  • However, stricter methods of calculating risk regarding authorized credit users on joint accounts provides greater benefits to lenders and merchants.

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  • Savings Planning: To save for a major purchase, such as a home or college education, savings planning is a good step and involves calculating the expected purchase price and formulating actions to save enough money to meet that price.

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  • If calculating your budget seems overwhelming, personal budget software can help with this important task.

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  • Many cardholders want to pay off their credit card debt; however, they have not been successful in calculating a pay off schedule.

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  • While calculating your APR may appear pretty simple and uncomplicated, several critical factors tend to confuse the issue.

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  • This assumes that the lender is calculating your monthly payment as the interest charged plus one percent, which is common.

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  • FICO closely guards its equation for calculating credit scores.

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  • Calculating the amount of child support to be paid is complicated, and lawyers and judges use computer programs to perform the calculation.

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  • The Court will take each parent's average income over a 12-month period when calculating the amount of child support owing.

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  • In a situation where the non-custodial parent makes in excess of $80,000 per year, a judge may choose to use the table or some other means of calculating the amount of child support to be paid.

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  • Another thing to consider when calculating spousal support is that it usually doesn't last for more than a few years.

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  • Once you have a pattern, you can start calculating how much fabric you'll need.

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  • Calculating the flow rate and desired water temperature accurately is essential if you want to have enough hot water for your home.

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  • Yes, it may take you a few seconds to find the menu option to access the feature, but the calculator on your phone is perfect for calculating tips at restaurants or figuring out tax.

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  • When calculating costs, don't forget to include any applicable shipping charges, bags or boxes, wrapping materials, tags, and ribbons or other embellishments as these all add to the final cost of the favors.

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  • It can be difficult to estimate all of those costs by yourself, so these calculating tools will give you a reasonable base from which to project future expenses.

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  • The information on a college's or university's Web site and admission materials is most often accurate and useful for calculating your own cost comparisons.

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  • When calculating the price of a Portuguese Water Dog, know that you must invest in on-going training for both you and your dog's happiness and welfare.

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  • Use these averages when calculating how much mulch you will need.

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  • When calculating total cost, keep in mind the cost of the stain and protective coating.

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  • If you qualify for veterans' benefits from the Veterans' Administration (VA), calculating your military retirement pay becomes even more complex.

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  • The percentage of disability assigned to you by the VA is an important factor in calculating your pay.

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  • With newfound smartphone software, people can also use applications for calculating tips, playing mobile games, and all sorts of other good stuff that has very little to do with business and staying connected to the office.

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  • Overweight-Being 25 to 29 percent over the recommended healthy body weight for a specific age and height, as established by calculating body mass index.

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  • The most accurate way of determining the gestational age of an infant in utero is calculating from a known date of conception or using ultrasound imaging to observe development.

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  • Steve Vollum is an electrical engineer, programmer and the inventor of the Fortune Compass, the first electronic compass for calculating feng shui.

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  • They do this by calculating a Debt-Service Coverage Ratio (DSCR).

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  • When calculating a mortgage payment, always make sure you understand the monthly payment you will be expected to make to your lender.

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  • The Affordability Calculator works by allowing users to input all of their monthly expenses and calculating how much money they will have left over to use for mortgage payments.

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  • A simple interest amortization schedule is useful when calculating simple interest on large loans, such as mortgage and auto loans.

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  • Amortization schedules are useful when calculating expected monthly payments for different loan amounts and interest rates, and they show how much interest you will pay over the life of your loan.

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  • The procedures for calculating mortgage payments are often left to the lenders, but you can do the work yourself.

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  • It is important to note that calculating mortgage payments is not a simple project.

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  • The difficulty with calculating mortgage payments is due to compound interest.

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  • It can be difficult to follow these procedures for calculating mortgage payments.

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  • After calculating how much you already spend per month towards each of these areas, determine how much you have left over to pay towards a mortgage.

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  • Examples of these tasks include sending mortgage statements, calculating interest, and collecting payments.

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  • For purposes of calculating a due date, this works fine.

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  • An important aspect of calculating pregnancy progression is the difference between gestational and embryonic ages.

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  • Lining up childcare, calculating the costs of health insurance fees and copays, and preparing a nursery for your new addition are some of the things you must arrange.

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  • There are several methods for calculating your due date using a pregnancy calculator.

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  • This volatile body of water ebbs and flows with the changing tides, so calculating the distance from the water to the bridge is difficult because the distance is constantly changing.

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  • This placement makes a person very calculating when it comes to making emotional decisions.

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  • Even though Libra presents a very light-hearted and optimistic outlook on life, under that beautiful veneer beats the heart of a coolly calculating mind.

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  • In this high tech world, the presence of computers greatly assists the serious astrologer in calculating probability and percentages for matches between people born under different signs of the zodiac.

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  • To the serious student of astrology, there are many different aspects, like those of the moon signs, that go into calculating the nature and correctness of two people coming together in a successful relationship.

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  • Calculating the cost of daycare becomes important as soon as you have a child.

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  • When you are calculating costs, this number is not necessarily the total cost you will pay.

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  • Shipping prices are generally not included in the total when calculating the discount.

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  • Calculating the energy savings over the life of the product can help give a better view of how efficient it can be.

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  • It's important to know if you're calculating your expenses correctly.

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  • But, buying them isn't quite as simple as calculating your size and then buying it.

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  • Longoria Parker plays the plucky and determined Gabrielle Solis to perfection, giving depth and charm to a character who could easily come across as shallow and calculating by a lesser actress.

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  • By taking advantage of a stay and play deal you don't have to spend time researching courses, booking hotel rooms, securing tee times, and calculating costs for meals and other amenities.

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  • Despite a popular perceived view, not all business owners are cold-hearted calculating machines caring only for profits at the expense of everyone they step on while rising to the top.

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  • The premise of this type of USPS shipping is that, near or far, your shipping costs average out, and you never have to fuss with calculating for your packages.

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  • You have to take license filing fees into consideration when calculating the total start up costs for your new business venture.

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  • Weight Watchers Points provide dieters with a simple method of calculating the amount of food to consume each day.

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  • While both products offer interactive tools for charting progress, calculating Points, finding recipes, and similar functions, the price plans for each differ.

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  • This calculating device is for fitness assessment used before determining whether a weight reduction program is necessary.

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  • The fat calculating device helps you focus on your body mass rather than the numbers on the scale.

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  • The following calculating method and tool offer alternatives to help you better understand your personal percentages.

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  • Take a measuring tape and figure out your exact height and step on your bathroom scale before calculating your BMI.

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  • If math simply isn't your strong suit you may prefer to check out one of the many free online tools available for calculating your BMI.

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  • With all of the above factors in mind, you can generally calculate your body's caloric needs by calculating your BMR and then applying your Harris-Benedict number, as outlined above.

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  • Although many find success using the calculating device, it is important to discuss the approach with a doctor or nutritionist before adopting the practice.

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  • The first calculating tool is a Body Fat Calculator.

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  • This calculating tool is critical in developing an eating plan for the Zone Diet because it determines the amount of protein, carbohydrates and fat allowed in a 24-hour period.

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  • You can calculate how your activity level affects your caloric needs by first calculating your basal metabolic rate (BMR), and then multiplying that amount by the Harris-Benedict equation.

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  • Bike riding for losing weight is also, like all other forms of exercise, a matter of calculating calories burned over time.

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  • Another factor to be looked at it in calculating your insurance rate is the state that you live in and also the type of job that you do.

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  • If you shop online, don't forget to factor in the cost of shipping when calculating your lingerie budget.

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  • Another consideration when calculating discounts is the type of item being purchased.

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  • By looking in the right place, knowing what is needed, and calculating discounts, it is possible to save hundreds of dollars on many different party items, leaving plenty of money to begin planning the next party.

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  • One of the original and most-feared races in the Star Trek universe, the Romulans are a calculating race of warriors, thinkers and scientists.

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  • These options do not change the rules or requirements for filing an extension, but assist in calculating estimated tax.

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  • With the receipt of each paycheck or when calculating their yearly taxes, many individuals wonder what "FICA" actually means.

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  • The first step in calculating your tax refund is to collect pertinent information.

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  • You may need to complete additional forms prior to calculating their total.

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  • Most of the automobiles are manufactured in Cleveland; most of the cash registers and calculating machines in Dayton; most of the rubber and elastic goods in Akron; nearly one-half of the liquors and about three-fourths of the men's clothing in Cincinnati.

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  • Under the new settlement Athens remained a free and sovereign city - a boon which she repaid by zealous Caesar-worship, for the favours bestowed upon her tended to pauperize her citizens and to foster their besetting sin of calculating flattery.

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  • This is the general equation for calculating the heat of combustion of a hydrocarbon.

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  • The Liber abaci, which fills 459 printed pages, contains the most perfect methods of calculating with whole numbers and with fractions, practice, extraction of the square and cube roots, proportion, chain rule, finding of proportional parts, averages, progressions, even compound interest, just as in the completest mercantile arithmetics of our days.

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  • It has not indeed proved practically available; but his system of calculating cometary perturbations by means of "mechanical quadratures" has formed the startingpoint of all subsequent researches on the subject.

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  • 4to, Paris, 1799) contains methods for calculating the movements of translation and rotation of the heavenly bodies, for determining their figures, and resolving tidal problems; the second, especially dedicated to the improvement of tables, exhibits in the third and fourth volumes (1802 and 1805) the application of these formulae; while a fifth volume, published in three instalments, 1823-1825, comprises the results of Laplace's latest researches, together with a valuable history of progress in each separate branch of his subject.

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  • The path of a ray from the wave-surface A 0 B 0 to the point A is changed; but in virtue of the minimum property the change may be neglected in calculating the optical distance,as it influences the result by quantities of the second order only in the changes of refrangibility.

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  • Chesterfield was selfish, calculating and contemptuous; he was not naturally generous, and he practised dissimulation till it became part of his nature.

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  • cannot be reckoned among the great sultans, neither had he any of the calculating statecraft which characterized Abd-ul-Hamid II.; but his qualities of mind and heart, none the less, raised him far above the mass of his predecessors and successors.

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  • These rules provide means for calculating the resultant capacity when any number of condensers are joined up in any way.

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  • which is useful for calculating the variation of the specific heat s with variation of density at constant temperature.

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  • A careful, calculating dynastic policy, which aimed at the establishment of an equilibrium by means of prudent compromises and defensive alliances, was, he rightly judged, the best guarantee for the future safety and glory of Poland.

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  • Of this fact the Germans were well aware, and hence they decided from the first to reduce the place by hunger, calculating that with the extra 150,000 men thrown back upon the fortress, its food supplies could not last very long.

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  • Calculating from sheet A I of the Prince of Monaco's Atlas of Ocean Depths,' Kriimmel obtained a mean angle of slope of 0° 2 7 ' 44" or an average fall of i in 124 for the North Atlantic between o° and 47° N., the enclosed seas being left out of account.

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  • It was used for taking the altitudes of sun, moon and stars; for calculating latitude; for determining the points of the compass, and time; for ascertaining heights of mountains, &c.; and for construction of horoscopes.

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  • It might, therefore, be described as that branch of mathematics which deals with formulae for calculating the numerical measurements of curved lengths, areas and volumes, in terms of numerical data which determine these measurements.

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  • Mensuration, then, is mainly concerned with quadratureformulae and cubature formulae, and, to a not very clearly defined extent, with the methods of obtaining such formulae; a quadrature-formula being a formula for calculating the numerical representation of an area, and a cubature-formula being a formula for calculating the numerical representation of a volume, in terms, in each case, of the numerical representations of particular data which determine the area or the volume.

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  • (v) The idea of an average may be introduced at an early stage, methods of calculating an average being left to a later stage.

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  • For mechanical methods of calculating areas and moments see CALCULATING MACHINES.

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  • Among the incidental operations are (a) the valuation of the bullion by weighing and assaying it; (b) " rating" the bullion, or calculating the amount of copper to be added to make up the standard alloy; (c) recovering the values from ground-up crucibles, ashes and floor sweepings (the Mint " sweep "); (d) assaying the melted bars; (e) " pyxing " the finished coin or selecting specimens to be weighed and assayed; (f) " telling " or counting the coin.

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  • It turned, therefore, principally upon the efficiency of the Trans-Siberian railway and in calculating this the Japanese made a serious underestimate.

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  • The Specula Melitensis Encyclica (1638) gives an account of a kind of calculating machine of his invention.

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  • development of theory has advanced poi passe with the demand for bridges of greater strength and span and of more complex design, and there is now little uncertainty in calculating the stresses in any of the types of structure now adopted.

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  • Calculating from the present rate of deposit of alluvium at the head of that gulf, Eridu should have been founded as early as the seventh millennium B.C. It is mentioned in historical inscriptions from the earliest times onward, as late as the 6th century B.C. From the evidence of Taylor's excavations, it would seem that the site was abandoned about the close of the Babylonian period.

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  • Calculating machines >>

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  • Paul was shrewd, calculating, tenacious; but on the other hand over-cautious, and inclined rather to temporize than to strike at the critical moment.

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  • He studied medicine at Göttingen, 1 7771 7 80, attending at the same time Kaestner's mathematical course; and in 1779, while watching by the sick-bed of a fellow-student, he devised a method of calculating cometary orbits which made an epoch in the treatment of the subject, and is still extensively used.

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  • The next publication was due to Vlacq, who appended to his logarithms of numbers in the Arithmetica logarithmica of 1628 a table giving log sines, tangents and secants for every minute of the quadrant to ro places; there were obtained by calculating the logarithms of the natural sines, &c. given in the Thesaurus mathematicus of Pitiscus (1613).

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  • Great attention was devoted to the methods of calculating logarithms during the 17th and 18th centuries.

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  • Calculating roundly a cent as equal to a halfpenny, and eight bushels to the quarter, the above would appear in English currency as follows: Chicago to New York in Shillings and Pence per Quarter.

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  • This Formula Gives The Following Rule For Calculating The Date Of The Commencement Of Any Year Of The Hegira, According To The Gregorian Or New Style.

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  • for the purpose of obtaining smaller deviation, one part of the compound acts in opposition to the other, the resolving power of the opposing portion must be deducted in calculating the power of the whole.

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  • In 1769, in a letter to Dr Franklin, he wrote some observations on the expectation of lives, the increase of mankind, and the population of London, which were published in the Philosophical Transactions of that year; in May 1770 he communicated to the Royal Society a paper on the proper method of calculating the values of contingent reversions.

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  • It has not indeed proved practically available; but his system of calculating cometary perturbations by means of "mechanical quadratures" has formed the startingpoint of all subsequent researches on the subject.

    0
    1
  • Chesterfield was selfish, calculating and contemptuous; he was not naturally generous, and he practised dissimulation till it became part of his nature.

    0
    1
  • A careful, calculating dynastic policy, which aimed at the establishment of an equilibrium by means of prudent compromises and defensive alliances, was, he rightly judged, the best guarantee for the future safety and glory of Poland.

    0
    1
  • Mensuration, then, is mainly concerned with quadratureformulae and cubature formulae, and, to a not very clearly defined extent, with the methods of obtaining such formulae; a quadrature-formula being a formula for calculating the numerical representation of an area, and a cubature-formula being a formula for calculating the numerical representation of a volume, in terms, in each case, of the numerical representations of particular data which determine the area or the volume.

    0
    1
  • Paul was shrewd, calculating, tenacious; but on the other hand over-cautious, and inclined rather to temporize than to strike at the critical moment.

    0
    1
  • This Formula Gives The Following Rule For Calculating The Date Of The Commencement Of Any Year Of The Hegira, According To The Gregorian Or New Style.

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  • In calculating 1/2, for instance, we proceed as if 2.0000...

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  • This method of calculating logarithms by the resolution of numbers into factors of the form i -.

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