A number of bundles were made up for them to carry.
These bundles cotyledon.
They are disposed in two groups on either side, corresponding in the Polychaeta to the parapodia; the two bundles are commonly reduced among the earthworms to two pairs of setae or even to a single seta.
One of them bundles says it's Mrs. Shipton's stuff but all it has in it is the white dress.
The whole stele may be surrounded by a common external endodermis; sometimes there is an internal endodermis in addition, separating the bundles from the pith; while in other cases each bundle possesses a separate endodermis surrounding it.
At the nodes the relation of the endodermis to the bundles undergoes rather complex but definite changes.
In some cases this individualization is carried ftirther, the cortex and pith becoming continuous between the bundles which appear as isolated strands em- Aberrant bedded in a general \, L.~/ ~ Typesof ground-tissue.
The median bundles of the trace are typically the largest, and at any given level of the stem the bundles destined for the next leaf above are as a whole larger than the others which are destined to supply higher leaves.
The constitution of the stele of a flowering plant entirely from endarch collateral bundles, which are either themselves leaf-traces or will form leaf-traces after junction with other similar bundles, is the great characteristic of the stem-stele of flowering plants.
These collateral bundles are obviously highly individualized.
The bundles sometimes keep their arrangement s v in a ring corresponding with the stele, though the continuous cylin 0 der no longer exists (species of - Ranunculus).
A polystelic con g dition arises in some members of this order by the association of collateral 8 bundles round common centres.
ing a very great number of bundles.
It is possible to suppose that this condition is derived from the astelic condition already referred to, but the evidence on the whole leads to the conclusion that it has ansen byan increase in the number of the bundles within the stele, the individuality of the bundle asserting itself after its escape from the original bundle-ring of the primitive cylinder.
In the stems of many water-plants various stages of reduction of the vascular system, especially of the xylem, are met with, and very often this reduction leads to the formation of a compact stele in which the individuality of the separate Reduced bundles may be suppressed, so that a closed cylinder lmpbost~h1c of xylem surrounds a pith.
In this tissue fresh bundles may become differentiated, and what remains of it becomes the rays of the fully-formed stele.
This is especially the case in the young vascular bundles themselves (desmogen strands).
In the very frequent cases where the bundles have considerable individuality, the fibrous pericyclic cap very clearly has a common origin from the same strand of tissue as the vascular elements themselves.
When the vascular tissue of such plants is arranged Camblum in separate bundles these are said to be closed.
The in Stems. bundles of plants which form cambium are, on the contrary, called open.
In stems with open bundles the formation of cambium and secondary tissue may be confined to these, when it is sard to be entirely fascicular.
In the latter event the cells of the primary rays are either merely stretched radially, or they divide to keep pace with the growth of the bundles.
If this division occurs by means of a localized secondary meristem connecting the cambial layers of adjacent bundles, an inlerfascicular is formed in addition to the fascicular cambium.
This is the typical case in most trees where the primary bundles are close together.
sheaths to the bundles.
The relation ~ of the laticiferous tissue to the assimi I lating cells under which they often end, and the fact that where this tissue is / richly developed the conducting paren ~ chyma of the bundles, and sometimes also 4 the sieve-tubes, are poorly developed, as well as various other facts, point to the conclusion that the laticiferous system has an important function in conducting plastic substances, in addition to acting as an excretory reservoir.
The leaf trace of any given leaf rarely consists of a single bundle only (unifascicular); the number of bundles of any given trace is always odd; they may either be situated all together before they leave the stele or they may be distributed at intervals round the stele.
In three generaBlyttia, Symphyogyna and Hymenophytum there are one or more strands or bundles consisting of long thickwalled fibre-like (prosenchymatous) cells, pointed at the ends and running longitudinally through the thick midrib.
Why were bundles of useless papers from the government offices, and Leppich's balloon and other articles removed?
"Choose your bundles, boys," said the master.
An ordinary cambium is scarcely ever found in the Monocotyledons, but in certain woody forms a secondary meristem is formed outside the primary bundles, and gives rise externally to a little secondary cortex, and internally to a secondary parenchyma in which are developed numerous zones of additional bundles, usually of concentric structure, with phloem surrounded by xylem.
supplementary vascular bundles, anomalous cambial zones, &c. It is often enormously developed and forms a very important tissue in roots.
The increasing development of the wood as the tree grows older is largely due to the demands for the conduction of water and mineral matters dissolved in it, which are made by the increased number of leaves which from year to year it bears, and which must each be put into communication with the central mass by the formation of new vascular bundles.
After making its way into the interior, the intruder sets up a considerable hyper trophy of the tissue, causing the formation of a tubercle, which soon shows a certain differentiation, branches of the vascular bundles of the root being supplied to it.
They are supplied with a regular system of conducting vascular bundles communicating with those of the roots.
The arrangement of the conducting tissue in the stem is characteristic; a transverse section of the very young stem shows a nunber of distinct conducting strands - vascular bundles - arranged in a ring round the pith; these soon become united to form a closed ring of bast and wood, separated by a layer of formative tissue (cambium).
On the other hand, in certain Polychaeta the bundles of setae are so extensive that they nearly form a complete circle surrounding the body; and in the Oligochaet genus Perichaeta (=Pheretima), and some allies, there is actually a complete circle of setae in each segment broken only by minute gaps, one dorsal, the other ventral.
In these forms the bundles of setae are either capilliform or uncinate, and the dorsal setae of the thorax are like the ventral setae of the abdomen.
When present they are either arranged in four bundles of from one to ten or even more setae, or are disposed in continuous lines completely encircling each segment of the body.
Associated with these glands are frequently to be found bundles or pairs of long and variously modified setae which are termed penial setae,to distinguish them from other setae sometimes but not always associated with rather similarglandswhich are found anteriorly to these, and often in the immediate neighbourhood of the spermathecae; the latter are spoken of as genital setae.
The small twigs, tied in bundles, are boiled for some time in water with broken biscuit or roasted grain; the resulting decoction is then poured into a cask with molasses or maple sugar and a little yeast, and left to ferment.
i, Interspaces between the muscular bundles of the root of the foot, causing the separate areae seen in fig.
(Lankester.) c, Muscular bundles forming the root of the foot, and adherent to the shell.
It bears at its rim four bundles of very pronounced chaetae.
By this time the eyes have disappeared, the four bundles of chaetae have dropped off, and the lophophore has begun to appear as an outgrowth of the dorsal mantle lobe.
These pipes are made up in small bundles, bleached in sulphur fumes in a closed chest, assorted into sizes, and so prepared for the plaiters.
The fibres are arranged in irregular bundles forming a dense firm tissue.
The numbers go up to five, and for living objects the word bird is added, for inanimate yam, for large objects ship.'- There are other terms for bundles of sugarcanes, rows (planted) of yams, &c.; and sometimes things are counted by threes.
" These are made up into " hands, " or small bundles of from six to twelve leaves.
The tobacco, whether in bundles, hands or separate leaves, is piled up or bulked on the floor in a barn into a solid stack to the height of 5 or 6 ft.
Freezing takes place by the formation of pure ice in flat crystalline plates of the hexagonal system, which form in perpendicular planes and unite in bundles to form grains so that a thick covering of ice exhibits a fibrous structure.
The scissel, which amounts to about 30% of the metal operated on, is returned in bundles to the melting house.
No spindle-whorls were found, but there were many varieties of cloth, platted and woven, bundles of yarn and balls of string.
The moss-like covering of the "bedeguars" of the wild rose, the galls of a Cynipid, Rhodites rosae, represents leaves which have been developed with scarcely any parenchyma between their fibro-vascular bundles; and the " artichoke-galls " or " oak-strobile," produced by Aphilothrix L., which insect arrests the development of the acorn, consists of a cupule to which more or less modified leaf-scales are attached, with a peduncular, oviform, inner ga11.4 E.
On a larger scale speeches written by orators to be delivered by litigants were published and encouraged publication; and, as the Attic orators were his contemporaries, publication had become pretty common in the time of Aristotle, who speaks of many bundles (Skaas) of judicial speeches by Isocrates being hawked about by the booksellers (Fragm.
In the anterior part of the gland are seen bundles of striped muscle fibres, which are of interest when the comparative ana Ampulla of vas deferens tomy of the gland Cut end of great sacrois studied: they are 1 sciatic ligament Common ejaculatory duct Levator ani than in old prostates.
In the hawk cemeteries birds were pickled and buried in long bundles, forming sometimes an assortment that is not without incongruities from the naturalist's point of view.
From a few of these bundles may be extracted not only numbers of raptorial birds, large and small, including owls, but also the hawk-like cuckoo, the shrike, and even the swallow.
The nervous system, though centralized at one end of the body, contains diffused nerve-cells in the course of its tracts, which are disposed in two or more longitudinal bundles interconnected by transverse bands.
For ordinary purposes labels of wood of various sizes (sold in bundles) are the most convenient.
Fruit trees and grape vines generally should be pruned; and, if the wood of the vine is wanted for cuttings, or scions of fruit trees for grafts, they should be tied in small bundles and buried in the ground until spring.
Every leaf originates as a simple cellular papilla (fig 1), which consists of a development from the cortical layers covered by epidermis; and as growth proceeds, the fibro-vascular bundles of the stem are continued outwards, and finally expand and terminate in the leaf.
The typical foliage leaf consists of several layers, and amongst vascular plants is distinguishable into an outer layer (epidermis) and a central tissue (parenchyma) with fibro-vascular bundles distributed through it.
Bundles of fibro-vascular tissue.
The fibro-vascular bundles from the stem bend out into the leaf, and are there arranged in a definite manner.
In vascular acotyledonous plants there is frequently a tendency to fork exhibited by the fibro-vascular bundles in the leaf; and when this is the case we have f ork-veined leaves.
The wood-vessels form part of the fibro-vascular bundles or veins of the leaf and are continuous throughout the leaf-stalk and stem with the root by which water is absorbed from the soil.
The water taken up by the root from the soil contains nitrogenous and mineral salts which combine with the first product of photo-synthesis - a carbohydrate - to form more complicated nitrogen-containing food substances of a proteid nature; these are then distributed by other elements of the vascular bundles (the phloem) through the leaf to the stem and so throughout the plant to wherever growth or development is going on.
In both simple and compound leaves, according to the amount of segmentation and the mode of development of the parenchyma and direction of the fibro-vascular bundles, many forms are produced.
It consists of the fibro-vascular bundles with a varying amount of cellular tissue.
When the vascular bundles reach the base of the lamina they separate and spread out in various ways, as already described under venation.
In some Australian acacias, and in some species of Oxalis and Bupleurum, the petiole is flattened in a vertical direction, the vascular bundles separating immediately after quitting the stem and running nearly parallel from base to apex.
The vascular bundles and cellular tissue are sometimes developed in such a way as to form a circle, with a hollow in the centre, and thus give rise to what are called fistular or hollow leaves, as in the onion, and to ascidia or pitchers.
Within this is usually a sheath of connective tissue, which surrounds a layer of circular muscles; the latter may be split up into separate bundles, but more usually form a uniform sheet.
Within the circular muscles is a layer of longitudinal muscles, very often broken into bundles, the number of which is often of specific importance.
This, with Physcosoma, has its longitudinal muscles divided up into some 17-41 bundles.
The vascular bundles of the stem belong to the col xylem and the bast or phloem stand side by side on the same radius.
In the larger of the two great groups into which the Angiosperms are divided, the Dicotyledons, the bundles in the very young stem are arranged in an open ring, separating a central pith from an outer cortex.
In each bundle, separating the xylem and phloem, is a layer of meristem or active formative tissue, known as cambium; by the formation of a layer of cambium between the bundles (interfascicular cambium) a complete ring is formed, and a regular periodical increase in thickness results from it by the development of xylem on the inside and phloem on the outside.
In the smaller group, the Monocotyledons, the bundles are more numerous in the young stem and scattered through the ground tissue.
FASCES, in Roman antiquities, bundles of elm or birch rods from which the head of an axe projected, fastened together by a red strap. Nothing is known of their origin, the tradition that represents them as borrowed by one of the kings from Etruria resting on insufficient grounds.
Rough or unworked flax is found in the lake-dwellings made into bundles, or what are technically called heads, and, as much attention was given to this last operation, it was perfectly clean and ready for use."
The rippled stalks are tied in small bundles and packed, roots downwards, in the dams till they are quite full; over the top of the upper layer is placed a stratum of rushes and straw, or sods with the grassy side downwards, and above all stones of sufficient weight to keep the flax submerged.
When it is found that the fibre separates readily from the woody shove " or core, the beets or small bundles are ready for removing from the dams. It is drained, and then spread, evenly and equally, over a grassy meadow to dry.
The benefits to be derived from the above process, however, cannot be great, for the bundles are usually taken direct to the pools and streams. The period necessary for the completion of the retting process varies according to the temperature and to the properties of the water, and may occupy from two days to a month.
When the fibres are easily separated from the stalk, the operation is complete and the bundles should be withdrawn.
The separated fibre is then made up into bundles ready for sending to one of the jute presses.
Piles of rocks are made on the muddy bottoms of these salt-water lakes, and around these are arranged circles of stakes, to which are often attached bundles of twigs.
Tail long, and sometimes partially prehensile when it is used for carrying bundles of grass with which these animals build their nests.
In internal structure grass-culms, save in being hollow, conform to that usual in monocotyledons; the vascular bundles run parallel in the internodes, but a horizontal interlacement occurs at the nodes.
When terminal the awn has three fibro-vascular bundles, when dorsal only one; it is covered with stomate-bearing epidermis.
especially in relation to the origin of the vascular bundles which supply them, favours the view that the scutellum and pileole are highly differentiated parts of a single cotyledon,and this view is in accord with a comparative study of the seedling of grasses and of other monocotyledons.
In addition to these cauline (fi rstcell).(After strands (confined to the stem and not connected Webber.) with the leaves), collateral bundles are often met with in the pith, which form the vascular supply of terminal flowers borne at intervals on the apex of the stem.
These latter bundles may be seen in sections of old stems to pursue a more or less horizontal course, passing outwards through the main woody cylinder.
the xylem being centrifugal and the m, Medullary bundles.
c, Cortical bundles.
Most of these cortical bundles are collateral in structure, but in some the xylem and phloem are concentrically arranged; the secondary origin of these bundles from procambium-strands was described by Mettenius in his classical paper of 1860.
9) one sees some vascular bundles following a horizontal or slightly oblique course in the cortex, stretching for a longer or shorter distance in a direction concentric with the woody cylinder.
From each leafbase two main bundles spread right and left through the cortex of the stem (fig.
The distal ends of these girdles give off several branches, which traverse the petiole and rachis as numerous collateral bundles.
Similarly in the sporophylls of some cycads the bundles are endarch near the base and mesarch near the distal end of the stamen or carpel.
The vascular system of cycadean seedlings presents some features worthy of note; centripetal xylem occurs in the cotyledonary bundles associated with transfusion-tracheids.
The bundles from the cotyledons pursue a direct course to the stele of the main axis, and do not assume the girdle-form char acteristic of the adult plant.
The stalk of an ovule, considerably reduced in normal flowers and much larger in some abnormal flowers, is homologous with a leaf-stalk, with which it agrees in the structure and number of vascular bundles.
Close to the apex of a shoot the vascular bundles of a leaf make their appearance as double strands, and the leaf-traces in the upper part of a shoot have the form of distinct bundles, which in the older part of the shoot form a continuous ring.
A point of anatomical interest is the occurrence in the vascular bundles of the cotyledons, scale-leaves, and elsewhere of a few centripetally developed tracheids, which give to the xylem-strands a mesarch structure such as characterizes the foliar bundles of cycads.
In 1869 van Tieghem laid stress on anatomical evidence as a key to the morphology of the cone-scales; he drew attention to the fact that the collateral vascular bundles of the seminiferous scale are inversely orientated as compared with those of the carpellary scale; in the latter the xylem of each bundle is next the upper surface, while in the seminiferous scale the phloem occupies that position.
Eichler, one of the chief supporters of the simpler view, does not recognize in the inverse orientation of the vascular bundles an argument in support of the axillary-bud theory, but points out that the seminiferous scale, being an outgrowth from the surface of the carpellary scale, would, like outgrowths from an ordinary leaf, naturally have its bundles inversely orientated.
15, D) Sequoia, &c., there are always two sets of bundles; the upper set, having the phloem uppermost, as in the seminiferous scale of Abies or Pinus, are regarded as belonging to the outgrowth from the carpellary scale and specially developed to supply the ovules.
The primary vascular bundles in a young conifer stem are collateral, and, like those of a Dicotyledon, they are arranged in a circle round a central pith and enclosed by a common endodermis.
The characters of leaves most useful for diagnostic purposes are the position of the stomata, the presence and arrangement of resin-canals, the structure of the mesophyll and vascular bundles.
A pine needle grown iji continuous light differs from one grown under ordinary conditions in the absence of hypodermal fibres, in the absence of the characteristic infoldings of the mesophyll cell-walls, in the smaller size of the resin-canals, &c. The endodermis in Pinus, Picea and many other genera is usually a well-defined layer of cells enclosing the vascular bundles, and separated from them by a tissue consisting in part of ordinary parenchyma and to some extent of isodiametric tracheids; but this tissue, usually spoken of as the pericycle, is in direct continuity with other stem-tissues as well as the pericycle.
It is of interest to note that the leaves of Gnetum, while typically Dicotyledonous in appearance, possess a Gymnospermous character in the continuous and plate-like medullary rays of their vascular bundles.
The stem is traversed by numerous collateral bundles, which have a limited growth, and are constantly replaced by new bundles developed from strands of secondary meristem.
In Normandy the farmers still employ children under twelve to run through the fields and orchards armed with torches, setting fire to bundles of straw, and thus it is believed driving out such vermin as are likely to damage the crops.
They are often cut whilst still tender, dried and used as forage being known as oat hay (67,742,000 bundles of about 52 lb each were produced in 1904).
The vascular bundles equal in number the leaf-teeth from which they enter the stem and form a single ring.
Each bundle runs downwards through one internode and then divides into two branches which insert themselves on the alternating bundles entering at this node.
The vascular bundles themselves are collateral, the xylem consisting of the protoxylem, towards the centre of the stem, and two groups of xylem, between which the phloem is situated; the protoxylem elements soon break down, giving rise to the carinal canal.
A, Longitudinal section of the rhizome, including a node and portions of the adjoining internodes; k, septum between the two internodal cavities, hh; gg, vascular bundles; 1, vallecular canal; s, leaf-sheath.
The spike is most simple in Ophioglossum, where it bears on each side a row of large sporangia, which hardly project from the surface, the vascular bundles occupying a central position.
The stem is monostelic, the vascular tissues being separated into curved groups comparable with collateral vascular bundles, which surround the pith.
Probably the chaetae preceded the development of parapodia, and by their concentration and that of the muscular bundles connected with them at the sides of each segment, led directly to the evolution of the parapodia.
The comparison of the will unable to act between two equally balanced motives to an ass dying of hunger between two equal and equidistant bundles of hay is not found in his works, and may have been invented by his opponents to ridicule his determinism.
The rice is threshed by being beaten in bundles on stones set upright on the threshing-floor; and when beaten out the grain is stored by the Hova in rice-pits dug in the hard red soil, but by the coast tribes in small timber houses raised on posts.
- Section through a tracheal pit and diverging bundles of tracheal tubes taken transversely to the long axis of the body.
Internally it expands in the transverse plane, and from the expanded portion the tracheal tubes arise in diverging bundles.
Thus in Dicentra and Corydalis there are six stamens in two bundles; the central one of each bundle alone is perfect, the lateral ones have each only half an anther, and are really stipules formed from the staminal leaf.
The vascular bundles sometimes form a prominent rib, which indicates the middle of the sepal; at other times they form several ribs.
Changes are produced in the whorl of stamens by cohesion of the filaments to a greater or less extent, while the anthers remain free; thus, all the filaments of the androecium may unite, forming a tube round the pistil, or a central bundle when the pistil is abortive, the stamens becoming monadelphous, as occurs in plants of the Mallow tribe; or they may be arranged in two bundles, the stamens being diadelphous, as in Polygala, Fumaria and Pea; in this case the bundles may be equal or unequal.
When there are three or more bundles the stamens are triadelphous, as in Hypericum aegyptiacum, or polyadelphous, as in Ricinus communis (castor-oil).
Part of transverse section of a young stem, showing pith, vascular bundles with secondary wood, and cortex.
The longitudinal course of the vascular bundles and their relation to the leaves in Calamarieae generally followed the Equisetum type, though more variable and sometimes more complex.
The diarch roots of a Sphenophyllum have been described by Renault, who has also investigated the leaves; they were strongly constructed mechanically, and traversed by slender vascular bundles branching dichotomously.
Two leaf-trace bundles started from each angle of the stele, and forked, in passing through the cortex, to supply the veins of the leaf, or its subdivisions.
The axis of the cone in Cheirostrobus contains a polyarch stele, with solid wood, from the angles of which vascular bundles pass out, dividing in the cortex, to supply the various segments of the sporophylls.
The primary wood of Lepidodendron forms a continuous cylinder, not broken up into distinct bundles; its development was clearly centripetal, the spiral elements forming more or less prominent peripheral groups.
Menardi the primary wood is broken up into distinct bundles, while in S.
The leaf-traces, where they traverse the cortex, have the structure of the foliar bundles in Cycads, for they are of the collateral type, and their xylem is mesarch, the spiral elements lying in the interior of the ligneous strand.
Coal Measures, is now the best-known of all Palaeozoic plants, the central wood has disappeared altogether and is replaced by pith; the primary wood is only represented in the leaf-trace strands, which form a ring of distinct collateral bundles around the pith; (From a model after Oliver.) FIG.
The individual bundles, however, have the same structure as in Heterangiurn, and agree (From a photograph.
(X 70.) closely with the foliar bundles of Cycads.
vb, Vascular bundles of stalk, cupule and integument.
bundles in tangential section; br, bracts; d, short axillary shoot, bearing a bracteole and a terminal ovule; i, integument; n, nucellus of ovule; ov, another ovule seen from the outside.
This genus, from the Permo-Carboniferous of Autun, is represented by large, fleshy, reniform leaves or leaflets, with radiating dichotomous venation; the vascular bundles have in all respects the structure of those in the leaves of Cycads or Cordaiteae.
In the typical newts (Molge) of Europe, the males are adorned during the breeding season with bright colours and crests or other ornamental dermal appendages, and, resorting to the water, they engage in a lengthy courtship accompanied by lively evolutions around the females, near which they deposit their spermatozoa in bundles on a gelatinous mass, the spermatophore, probably secreted by the cloacal gland.
When the male plants are ripe they are pulled, put up into bundles, and steeped in a similar manner to flax, but the female plants are allowed to remain until the seed is perfectly ripe.
Ganja is met with in the Indian bazaars in dense bundles of 24 plants or heads apiece.
Nerves These are made up of bundles of nerve cell axons.
All you could see were folks with tied bundles of clothes or some precious items they had managed to save.
Pull over to the side of the road to pick up tightly wrapped bundles of tender asparagus or punnets of sweet juicy strawberries.
The esophagus and pharynx were then separated from the loose tissue of the retropharyngeal plane and the hyoid bone and neurovascular bundles removed.
The dark spots on the scar, mark where the vascular bundles which carried the sap passed through from the twig into the leaf.
Customers can purchase data inclusive bundles of 15MB for £ 5 a month.
Whiplash uses more fiber bundles when braiding, contributing to the performance and knot strength.
bundles of joy.
bundles of firewood, just in case anyone looked inside.
bundles of reed or blown up animal skins.
other ciliates have thick round bundles of cilia called cirri which act like legs and enable the organism to actually walk over a surface.
cirrusr ciliates have thick round bundles of cilia called cirri which act like legs and enable the organism to actually walk over a surface.
Glass fiber and carbon fiber bundles, and continuous aligned carbon fibre-reinforced composites have excellent fatigue resistance.
The two hemispheres communicate via dense bundles of nerve fibers called the corpus callosum.
Place sprue bundles on the skillet and cook for 2-3 minutes on each side, until the ham begins to go crispy.
encircled by a plastic band, which is tightly wrapped around and cut to make neat easy-to-handle bundles of cartons.
Fiber Optics - Also called optical fiber Optics - Also called optical fibers or optical fiber bundles.
Electron microscopy reveals that elastic fibers are composed of bundles of small fibrils approximately 11 nm in diameter embedded in an amorphous material.
The fat melts and cooks the protein fibrils in the muscle bundles without causing excessive amino acid breakdown.
A myosin filament contains several hundred myosin molecules in two bundles packed end to end.
Medial to the mental foramen, the nerves were frequently in the form of small bundles in the marrow.
hollow fiber dialysers are artificial kidneys where numerous bundles of dialysis tubing are contained within a plastic cylinder.
The resource bundles are searched most recently added first using the given locale.
moorhen chicks of varying ages, some still tiny bundles of fluff, others half grown and independent.
A myosin filament contains several hundred myosin filament contains several hundred myosin molecules in two bundles packed end to end.
Fiber Optics - Also called optical fibers or optical fiber bundles.
paginatef my friends working in other firms spent their training photocopying or paginating trial bundles.
There were a few Respect placards, and I saw bundles of Respect papers, but didn't see anyone distributing them.
This is why Buddha thought that no actual entity reincarnated; in his view only bundles of psychological characteristics were being endlessly recycled.
roman candles in the range - both being candle bundles.
These bundles of paper are then sewn together in their turn to make the whole book.
trilby hats bore food back from the market in bundles on their heads.
With some further constraints, trope bundles become trope bundles become trope sheaves.
In Richard I.'s reign an aulneger, whose duty it was to measure and stamp all bundles of woollen goods, was appointed, and it is clear, therefore, that the place was already a centre of the woollen cloth trade.
The Ferns and fern-like plants (see PTERIDOP1IYTA) have on the other hand a well developed independent sporophyte which is differentiated into stem, leaf and root with highly organized internal structure including true vascular bundles.
The main events in this transition appear to have been (I) disappearance of the central xylem of the protostele and replacement by pith, leading to the survival of a number of (mesarch) collateral bundles (see below) at the periphery of the stele; (2) passage from mesarchy to endarchy of these bundles correlated with a great increase in secondary thickening of the stele.
The leaves of the more primitive members of this series were entirely fern-like and possessed a fern-like vascular strand; while in the later members, including the modern Cycads, the leaf bundles, remaining unaffected by secondary thickening, are mesarch, while those of the stem-stele have become endarch.
7~tf) also arise in the external coniunctive Most of the collateral bundles of this spermophytic type of siphonostele are leaf-trace bundles, i.e.
The gaps, are, however, often filled as they are formed by the development of external conjunctive tissue immediately above the points at which the bundles begin to bend out of the stele, so that sharply defined open gaps such as occur in fern-steles are but rarely met with in flowering plants.
The external conjunctive tissue is often arranged in relation to each bundle separately, the pericyclic fibres for instance, already referred to, being cften confined to the bands of pericyclic tissue abutting on the phloem of each bundle, while the Cortex and pith frequently form rays in the intervals between the adjacent bundles.
The latter is produced (except in cases of complete astely where a cylinder is never formed) after a number of leaf-traces have appeared on different sides of the stem so as to form a circle as seen in transverse section, the spaces intervening between adjacent bundles becoming bridged by small-celled tissue closing the cylinder.
Such rays are usually broader and more conspicuous than the secondary rays formed within the wedges of wood opposite the primary bundles, and are distinguished as princepal rays from these narrower subordinate or fascicular rays (fig.
Where the primary bundles are farther apart, so that the primary rays are wider, the interfascicular cambium may form several fairly broad (principal) secondary rays in continuation of certain radial bands of the primary ray, and between these, wedges of secondary xylem and phloem: or, finally, secondary xylem and phloem may be formed by the whole circumference ot the cambium, fascicular and interfascicular alike, interrupted only by narrow secondary rays, which have no relation to the primary ones.
The older is that the water travels in the woody cell-walls of the vascular bundles, mainly under the action of the forces of root pressure and transpiration, and that the cavities of the vessels contain only air.
The coloring matters are not dissolved in the stroma of the chrornoplast, but exist as amorphous granules, with or without the presence of a protein crystal, or in the form of fine crystalline needles, frequently curved and sometimes present in large numbers, which are grouped together in various ways in bundles and give the plastids their fusiform or triangular crystalline shape.
- The setae of the Polychaeta are disposed in two bundles in many genera, but in only one bundle in such forms as have no notopodium (e.g.
It has been shown (Bourne) that the "perichaetous" condition is probably secondary, inasmuch as in worms which are, when adult, "perichaetous" the setae develop in pairs so that the embryo passes through a stage in which it has four bundles of setae, two to each bundle, the prevalent condition in the group. Rarely there is an irregular disposition of the setae which are not paired, though the total number is eight to a segment (fig.
The muscles in the Hexapoda are striated, as in Arthropods generally, the large fibres being associated in bundles which are attached from point to ` point of the cuticle, so .,/I i i I as to move adjacent sclerites with respect to one 4011 another (see figs.
The fat cells are increased and infiltrate the connective tissue between the bundles of muscle fibres.
Another suggestion is that the symbols of the gods consisted of bundles of sacred herbs, tied together in the form of a head, covered by a waxen mask so as to resemble a kind of bust (cf.
a, The main anatomical features of a cycad stern a Spermatozoids may be summarized as follows: the centre is from G of fi occupied by a large parenchymatous pith traversed g; by numerous secretory canals, and in some genera c p onen-grain by cauline vascular bundles (e.g.
The broad cortical region, which con tains many secretory canals, is traversed by numerous vascular bundles (fig.
This is often coloured, is of a denser texture than the surrounding tissue, and is traversed by fibrovascular bundles, which pass from the placenta to nourish the ovule.
The vascular bundles, in particular, show precisely the characteristic collateral mesarch or exarch structure which is so constant in the recent family (see Anatomy Of Plants).
15, i and 2), reveals certain characters which are not met The chief distinguishing feature is in recent species (see Gymnosperms) these pursue a somewhat complicated course as they pass from the petiole towards the vascular cylinder of the stem, but in Bennettites the vascular bundles from the leaves followed a more direct course through the cortex of the stem (fig.
But there were no dealers with voices of ingratiating affability inviting customers to enter; there were no hawkers, nor the usual motley crowd of female purchasers--but only soldiers, in uniforms and overcoats though without muskets, entering the Bazaar empty-handed and silently making their way out through its passages with bundles.
There are two roman candles in the range - both being candle bundles.
My work involved removing thin muscle fiber bundles, and then measuring their fiber length and sarcomere length.
Old women in trilby hats bore food back from the market in bundles on their heads.
With some further constraints, trope bundles become trope sheaves.
Check out Websites such as Preemies R Us, Nurture Place, Itty Bitty Bundles, and Preemie.com.
Pre-packaged gift sets and media bundles help you to save money when you purchase items together.
While you may be madly in love with your sweet babies, you'll also be exhausted, overly emotional, and at times absolutely overpowered by the sheer demands of feeding, diapering, and loving your three tiny bundles of joy.
Many timed-purchases are common sense: getting Christmas wrapping paper after the holiday season always means you'll save bundles.
Gamestop - the store sells bundles as well as the separate components.
They give you the option to select movies by themselves (as of this writing they have about 450 movies to choose from) or in DVD bundles.
Also, keep in mind that bundles and "Buy This, Get That Free" deals aren't always the great value they seem, so take your calculator and some time to decipher the prices for the individual fireworks.
Breaking down the bundles they offer, however, may take a little bit of time unless the bundles are very similar.
During the holidays, most retailers like Target and Walmart stock special food gifts ranging from hot chocolate combinations to coffee bundles to candy specials.
Walmart: Find competitive pricing on laptops, desktops, bundles, and more.
They also offer a number of bundles that save you more money if you need additional bedding materials.
All through the holiday shopping season, you will find excellent deals, big discounts, specialty electronics bundles, and more.
Harvest several full stems of basil then tie the bundles together on one end with twine.
Hang bundles of dried wildflowers from the ceiling.
The Temptu site will have the widest range of products and bundles to choose from.
Not to be discouraged, the editors starting publishing their work in fascicles, or bundles.
The Extended edition is also included with the company's Creative Suite Design Premium and Master Collection bundles.
Some cartridges and bundles sell for well over $100.
The kits available online are usually sorted by theme or style and include bundles of high quality graphics.
Depending on the seller, the kits and bundles may be contained on a CD or may be available for download upon purchase.
There are even sets and bundles that retail for more than $100.
Here you can find their latest sales on cartridge bundles, single cartridges and other accessories.
If there are any cartridges or cartridge bundles for sale, they will be listed under the website's Supplies section.
Tie a ribbon around sheer bundles of potpourri, the stem of one of the flowers used in the wedding, or a set of blank stationery.
For a fall wedding: Place bundles of dried wheat or even corn shocks next to every other row of seating, or line the aisle with colored leaves.
Harvest Bundles: Sheaves of corn stalks, hay bundles, or wheat grains can be tied together with ribbons or tulle to line the aisle.
Smaller bundles that might be hung from seats could be made from Indian corn.
You can sometimes save quite a bit of money when you purchase clothing sold in lots or bundles.
Toddlers are little bundles of joy, running from place to place and exploring the world around them.
Babies grow so quickly that most parents don't want to spend a fortune on clothing their little bundles of joy.
Try to work from a number of boxes or bundles of wood at a time.
If you scour the stores or check online periodically, you'll probably find these bundles that include extra controllers or games or other accessories.
The best time to find bundles is during any type of holidays that facilitate sales like during the holidays or on Memorial Day.
Another time to find bundles is when a big game is launched.
To save some money, you might look at some of the PS3 bundles being offered by various retailers.
These bundles can sometimes include free video games.
Almost any given time of the year, you can find different bundles released with a theme, usually coinciding with the release of a well-known game.
Metal Gear Solid for PS3 and Halo for the Xbox 360 were two special bundles with a special color for the physical system and a special edition of the game.
Like many Guitar Hero or Rock Band bundles, the second Rock Band for the Wii comes with a set of drums and one wireless guitar.
It is possible to buy the game on its own and use existing instruments, but there are two additional bundles as well.
Unless you invest in one of many Wii bundles, there's a good chance that you won't find very much inside the box of your new Nintendo Wii other than Wii Sports and a single set of controllers.
When you think about getting the best-priced Wii accessories, the best deals are usually in the form of bundles.
Today, the standard Wii console sells for $199.99, though you may be able to find bundles and other offers that drive the effective price down.
There are different Xbox 360 bundles that are available, like the Xbox 360 Elite, and these can come with more accessories.
Other bundles, which vary in savings if each item is purchased by themselves, include accessories like DSi styluses, cases or headphones.
Some bundles also include a Wii game console itself.
These bundles are normally a little pricier than the usual Wii game, but when you add in the cost of the controller, you usually wind up saving money.
Although it wasn't included in any official Wii bundles like some of its older generation counterparts, Super Mario Galaxy has still become a beloved platformer starring everyone's favorite Italian plumber.
As you may already know, there are several different PS3 bundles available on the market today.
Most of these were not sold as Wii bundles, aside from the inclusion of Wii Sports and a controller.
System bundles offer gamers a way to get everything they need in one shot to start playing.
Most bundles include the system, an extra remote and a game or two.
Game bundles are special bundles that may include two games for the price of one or for a discounted price.
Other game bundles, like the Mario Kart bundle, package the game and steering wheel together.
Unlike the first Wii Fit, Nintendo is offering two different bundles for Wii Fit Plus at launch.
PS3 bundles are probably easier to find than Wii bundles and offer more selection than the Xbox 360 bundles that are available.
Also, you might even be able to find some special homemade bundles at your local video game retailer based on refurbished PS3s.
You can find many PS3 bundles at Amazon.
Not all the bundles will have used choices, but some do.
Two bundles are being released in Europe in 2008.
The PS3 bundles out there appeal to certain core gamers of a particular game, but there's so many to choose from, you are sure to find something just for you.
Instead, inquire about available PS3 bundles that have the older "phat" version of the PlayStation 3.
The standard retail boxes will get you started with some great gaming at home, just like the Xbox 360, but you can stand to save some serious cash by looking into bundles.
You may also want to look into bundles that include an HDMI cable so that you can take full advantage of the high-definition graphics offered by the PlayStation 3.
Some PS3 bundles are officially sanctioned by Sony, whereas others are unofficial bundles put together by individual retailers.
One of the most notable bundles that you may find is the PlayStation 3 80GB Limited Edition Metal Gear Solid 4 Pack.
There are no official Wii bundles that Nintendo authorizes, except for the one that comes with Wii Sports.
Going with these types of Wii bundles can save you a little bit of cash, but sometimes you have no choice in the games.
Buy.com has a few bundles to choose from.
At Walmart.com, you can find the Customer Choice Wii bundles.
Listing any Wii bundles from eBay would be outdated by the time you read this.
As of this writing, there are 10 value bundles you can choose from, it's just a matter of what kind of games your in the mood to cycle through on your first Wii outing.
With some savvy Googling or Yahooing, you should be able to find some Wii bundles to suit your tastes.
They may have one or two types of bundles, but if you are wanting options, stick with Walmart.com, or a company that specializes in gaming, like Gamestop.com.
Most Wii bundles listed on web sites are preceded by a disclaimer saying something to the effect of Wiis are sold on a first come, first serve basis as they come in stock.
It can be a little confusing when you walk into a retail store to see several Xbox 360 bundles to choose from.
At this time, there are at least four Xbox 360 bundles available at the retail level.
Realistically, you shouldn't worry too much about which of the Xbox 360 bundles you decide to buy, because they can all play the best Xbox 360 games.
Accessory Geeks: You can make your own bundles and save money here.
Spinal cord-The elongated nerve bundles that lie in the spinal canal and from which the spinal nerves emerge.
Brachial plexopathy is any injury to the brachial plexus-the nerve bundles located on each side of the neck that give rise to the individual nerves controlling the muscles of the shoulders, arms, and hands.
Sensation is carried to the brain by neurons (nerve cells) running from the outer parts of the body to the spinal cord in bundles called nerves.
If Jessica Alba is expecting twins, she's in good company: Jennifer Lopez and husband Marc Anthony welcomed two bundles of joy early in 2008 and Angelina Jolie and husband Brad Pitt are also reportedly expecting twins as well.
As with most pregnancies, the term of the pregnancy gives you time to plan and prepare for the twin bundles of joy that are on the way.
Women's fashion in the springtime seems to want to wave goodbye as energetically as possible to the structured bundles of clothing and heavy layers that winter requires.
They are made from three separate bundles of fiber and have a self-trimming effect when burned.
Wicks are made up of bundles of fibers, usually made of cotton or other natural materials.
Separate your flowers into smaller bundles, if necessary.
Two bundles of long tassels dangle strategically from either side, while gold hardware adds just a touch of shine.
Toddlers are little bundles of energy, and they can easily get side-tracked.
Bundles are usually offered through telephone or cable services.
Quite often you'll find special Sizzler restaurant coupons in bargain bundles such as ValPak, which customizes deals to a neighborhood or community.
These bundles can be very cost efficient.
Some stores put fat quarters in bundles of coordinating fabrics to help the quilter create a beautiful project with a variety of fabrics.
Paint vegetable cans in patriotic colors and designs, and put bundles of sparklers in each can, which can later be distributed to the kids.
Tie bundles of helium balloons to fence posts, or hang flags there.
They have no true roots, and their structure is purely cellular or conducting bundles of a very simple structure are present.
In the leaf-blade this sometimes aopears as a layer of thickened subepidermal cells, tht hypoderm, often also as subepidermal bundles of sclerenchymatou~ fibres, or as similar bundles extending right across the leaf from mu epidermis to the other and thus acting as struts.
Scattered single stereids or bundles of fibres are no imnrornmnn in the rnrtev of the root The innermost layer of the cortex, abutting on the central cylinder of the stem or on the bundles of the leaves, is called the jthloeoterma, and is often differentiated.
indications of polystely, frequent occurrence of extra-stelar concentric bundles, anomalous secondary thickening) which recall these complex types of stelar structure in the fossil Cycadofilices.
The vascular tissue is typically separable into distinct collateral bundles (figs.
These collateral bundles are separated from one another by bands of conjunctive tissues called primary medullary rays, which may be quite narrow or of considerable width.
When the pith is large celled, the xylems of the bundles are separated from it by a distinct layer of conjunctive tissue called the endocycle, and a similar layer, the pericycle, separates the phloem from the cortex.
The remaining bundles (compensation bundles) which go to make up the cylinder are such as have branched off from the leaf-traces, and will, after joining with others similarly given off, themselves form the traces of leaves situated at a higher level on the stem.
Leaf-gaps are formed in essentially the same way as in the ferns, but when in the case of a plurifascicular trace the bundles are distributed at intervals round the cylinder it is obvious that several gaps must be formed as the different bundles leave the stele.
In some astelic L- ~ stems (Nymphaeaceae) the number of bundles is greatly increased and they are scattered throughout the ground tissue.
This results in the number of bundles present at any (Sachs.).
The connective tissue of the integument and basement membrane imperceptibly merges into that which surrounds the muscular bundles as they are united into denser and definite layers, and this is especially marked in those forms (Akrostomum) where the density of the muscular body-wall has considerably diminished, and the connective tissue has thus become much more prominent.
The genus Atherura includes the brush-tailed porcupines which are much smaller animals, with long tails tipped with bundles of flattened spines.
packets, attached as ovisacs or egg-strings to the genital openings, or enclosed in a dorsal marsupium, or deposited singly or occasionally in bundles.
Acrodont, Old World lizards, with laterally compressed body, prehensile tail and well developed limbs with the digits arranged in opposing, grasping bundles of two and three respectively.
Some of these bundles contained the things they would need on the road; some contained clothing; and some contained goods which the master would sell in the city.
It seems to me that the great difficulty of writing is to make the language of the educated mind express our confused ideas, half feelings, half thoughts, when we are little more than bundles of instinctive tendencies.
In his large study, the walls of which were hung to the ceiling with Persian rugs, bearskins, and weapons, sat Dolokhov in a traveling cloak and high boots, at an open desk on which lay an abacus and some bundles of paper money.
Soldiers were continually rushing backwards and forwards near it, and he saw two of them and a man in a frieze coat dragging burning beams into another yard across the street, while others carried bundles of hay.
She was sitting on some bundles a little behind the old woman, and looked from under her long lashes with motionless, large, almond-shaped eyes at the ground before her.
The word usage examples above have been gathered from various sources to reflect current and historial usage. They do not represent the opinions of YourDictionary.com.