Bruce Sentence Examples
In 1138 David of Scotland made it a centre of military operations, and it was ravaged by Wallace in 1296, by Bruce in 1312, and by David II.
Bruce at Bannockburn makes the same oration as Alexander at "Effesoun."
North of the Murchison, Mount Augustus and Mount Bruce, with their connecting highlands, cut off the coastal drainage from the interior; but no point on the north-west coast reaches a greater altitude than 4000 feet.
Bruce, the leader of the Scottish expedition, finds that there is a ridge " extending in a curve from Madagascar to Bouvet Island, and from Bouvet Island to the Sandwich group, whence there is a forked connexion through the South Orkneys to Graham's Land, and through South Georgia to the Falkland Islands and the South American continent."
The population, estimated by James Bruce in 1770 at 10,000 families, had dwindled in 1905 to about 7000.Advertisement
Before the death of Bruce an African Association was formed, in 1788, for collecting information respecting the interior of that continent, with Major Rennell and Sir Joseph Banks as leading members.
They gave Scotland nobles and even kings; Bruce and Balliol were both of the truest Norman descent; the true Norman descent of Comyn might be doubted, but he was of the stock of the Francigenae of the Conquest.
Among other islands are Inch Cailliach (the "Island of Women," from the fact that a nunnery once stood there), Inchfad ("Long Island"), Inchcruin ("Round Island"), Inchtavannach ("Monks' Isle"), Inchconnachan ("Colquhoun's Isle"), Inchlonaig ("Isle of the Yews," where Robert Bruce caused yews to be planted to provide arms for his bowmen), Creinch, Torrinch and Clairinch (which gave the Buchanans their war-cry).
The most noteworthy, however, of the earlier travellers was James Bruce, the explorer of the Blue Nile.
Dying unmarried, when the earldom therefore became extinct, Charles was succeeded as Viscount O'Neill by his brother John Bruce Richard (1780-1855), a general in the British army; on whose death without issue in 1855 the male line in the United Kingdom became extinct.Advertisement
On the site of St Mary's (1837-1839), also Gothic, stood the small chapel raised by Christiana, sister of Robert Bruce, to the memory of her husband, Sir Christopher Seton, who had been executed on the spot by Edward I.
It favoured the claims to the throne, first of John Baliol - whose mother Devorgilla, daughter of Alan, lord of Galloway, had done much to promote its prosperity by building the stone bridge over the Nith - and then of the Red Comyn, as against those of Robert Bruce, who drew his support from Annandale.
After the death of Margaret, the "maid of Norway," in 1290, Bruce's grandfather, the 6th Robert de Bruce, lord of Annandale, claimed the crown of Scotland as the son of Isabella, the second daughter of David, earl of Huntingdon, and greatgranddaughter of King David I.; but John de Baliol, grandson of Margaret, the eldest daughter of Earl David, was preferred by the commissioners of Edward I.
The birthplace of Bruce is not certainly known, but was probably Turnberry, his mother's castle on the coast of Ayr.
Its issue in 1292 in favour of Baliol led his grandfather to resign Annandale to his son, the 7th Robert de Bruce, who either then or after the death of his father in 1295 assumed the title of lord of Annandale.Advertisement
In April 1294 the younger Bruce had permission to visit Ireland for a year and a half, and as a further mark of Edward's favour a respite of all debts owing by him to the exchequer.
Urgent letters were sent ordering Bruce to support John de Warenne, earl of Surrey, Edward's general, in the summer of 1297; but, instead of complying, he assisted to lay waste the lands of those who adhered to Edward.
Shortly afterwards Bruce appears again to have sided with his countrymen; Annandale was wasted, while he, as Walter of Hemingford says, "when he heard of the king's coming, fled from his face and burnt the castle of Ayr which he held."
Yet, when Edward was forced by home affairs to quit Scotland, Annandale and certain earldoms, including Carrick, were excepted from the districts he assigned to his followers, Bruce and other earls being treated as waverers whose allegiance might still be retained.
About 1299 a regency was appointed in Scotland in the name of Baliol, and a letter of Baliol mentions Robert Bruce, lord of Carrick, as regent, along with William of Lamberton, bishop of St Andrews, and John Comyn the younger, a strange combination - Lamberton the friend of Wallace, Comyn the enemy of Bruce, and Bruce a regent in name of Baliol.Advertisement
Comyn in his own interest as Baliol's nephew and heir was the active regent; the insertion of the name of Bruce was an attempt to secure his co-operation.
In the campaign of 1304, when Edward renewed his attempt on Scotland and reduced Stirling, Bruce supported the English king, who in one of his letters to him says, "If you complete that which you have begun, we shall hold the war ended by your deed and all the land of Scotland gained."
But, while apparently aiding Edward, Bruce had taken a step which bound him to the patriotic cause.
But all three periods require to be kept in view to form a just estimate of Bruce.
The merit of Bruce is that he did not despise the lesson.Advertisement
Though it is crowded with incident, the main facts in the central decade of Bruce's life may be rapidly told.
Bruce is reputed to have been one of the advisers who assisted in framing it; but a provision that his castle of Kildrummy was to be placed in charge of a person for whom he should answer shows that Edward, not without reason, suspected his fidelity.
According to one account, the bond between Bruce and Lamberton was revealed to Edward by Comyn while Bruce was at the English court.
It was not their first encounter, for a letter of 1299 to Edward from Scotland describes Comyn as having seized Bruce by the throat at a meeting at Peebles, where they were with difficulty reconciled by the regents.
Within little more than six weeks Bruce, collecting his adherents in the south-west, passed from Lochmaben to Glasgow and thence to Scone, where he was crowned king of Scotland on the 27th of March 1306.
Though a king, Bruce had not yet a kingdom, and his efforts to obtain it were disastrous failures until after the death of Edward I.
The ladies of his family were sent to Kildrummy in January 1307, and Bruce, almost without a follower, fled to the island of Rathlin.
On his way he granted the Scottish estates of Bruce and his adherents to his own followers, Annandale falling to Humphrey de Bohun, 4th earl of Hereford.
At Carlisle there was published a bull excommunicating Bruce; and Elizabeth his wife, Marjorie his daughter, and Christina his sister, were captured in a sanctuary at Tain, while three of his brothers were executed.
Bruce, with the insight of military genius, seized his opportunity.
In May Bruce was again in England, and though he failed to take Carlisle, he subdued the Isle of Man.
About the same time Edward Bruce took Rutherglen and laid siege to Stirling, whose governor, Sir Philip de Mowbray, agreed to capitulate if not relieved before the 24th of June 1314.
Bruce's rapidity of movement was one cause of his success.
Bruce with the reserve planted his standard at the Bore Stone, whence there is the best view of the field.
The Scottish bowmen followed up this advantage, and the fight became general; the English horse, crowded into too narrow a space, were met by the steady resistance of the Scottish pikemen, who knew, as Bruce had told them truly, that they fought for their country, their wives, their children, and all that freemen hold dear.
In the career of Bruce, Bannockburn was the turning-point.
As a result of Bannockburn, Bruce's queen was restored to her husband; Stirling was delivered up to the Scots; the north of England was ravaged, and Carlisle and Berwick were besieged.
The last part of Bruce's life, from 1315 to 1329, began with an attempt which was the most striking testimony that could have been given to the effect of Bannockburn, and which, had it succeeded, might have altered the future of the British Isles.
In 1315 Edward Bruce crossed to Ireland on the invitation of the natives, and in the following year the Welsh became his allies.
On his return Bruce addressed himself to the siege of Berwick, a standing menace to Scotland.
The cardinals did not trust themselves across the border; their messengers, however, were courteously received by Bruce, but with a firm refusal to admit the papal bulls into his kingdom because not addressed to him as king.
Bruce admitted Newton to his presence at Aldcamus or Old Cambus, and informed him that he would not receive the bulls until his title was acknowledged and he had taken Berwick.
On his return Newton was waylaid and his papers seized, not without suspicion of Bruce's connivance.
In March 1318 the town and soon afterwards the castle of Berwick capitulated, and Bruce wasted the English border as far as Ripon.
Pope John, who had excommunicated Bruce, was addressed by the parliament of Arbroath in April 1320 in a letter which compared Bruce to a Joshua or Judas Maccabaeus, who had wrought the salvation of his people, and declared they fought "not for glory, truth or honour, but for that liberty which no virtuous man will survive."
Moved by this language and conscious of the weakness of Edward, the pope exhorted him to make peace with Scotland, and three years later Randolph, now earl of Moray, procured the recognition of Bruce as king from the papal see by promising aid for a crusade.
Meantime hostilities more car less constant continued with England, but, though in 1322 Edward made an incursion as far as Edinburgh, the internal weakness of his government prevented his gaining any real success, while in October of this year Bruce again ravaged Yorkshire, defeated the English near Byland, and almost captured their king.
Some of his chief nobles - Thomas, earl of Lancaster, in 1321, and Sir Andrew Harclay, earl of Carlisle, in 1322 - entered into correspondence with the Scots, and, though Harclay's treason was detected and punished by his death, Edward was forced to make a truce of thirteen years at Newcastle on the 30th of May 1323, which Bruce ratified at Berwick.
Joanna, Edward's sister, was to be given in marriage to David, the infant son of Bruce, born subsequent to the settlement of 1318 and now recognized as heir to the crown, and the ceremony was celebrated at Berwick on the 12th of July 1328.
His last years were chiefly spent at the castle of Cardross on the Clyde, which he acquired in 1326, and the conduct of war, as well as the negotiations for peace, had been left to the young leaders, Moray and Sir James Douglas, whose training was one of Bruce's services to his country.
In fulfilment of a vow to visit the Holy Sepulchre, which he could not accomplish in person, Bruce requested Douglas to carry his heart there, but his faithful follower perished on the way, fighting in Spain against the Moors, and the heart of Bruce, recovered by Sir William Keith, found its resting-place at Melrose.
That national poet collected in the earliest Scottish poem, written in the reign of Bruce's grandson, the copious traditions which clustered round his memory.
Often as it has been heard before and since in the course of history, seldom has it had a more illustrious champion than Robert the Bruce.
He was taken captive in the battle, but exchanged for the wife of Robert Bruce.
It is not mentioned in Boldon Book as, being part of the royal manor of Sadberg held at this time by the family of Bruce, it did not become the property of the see of Durham until the purchase of that manor in 1189.
Near the south-eastern promontory stands Muness Castle, now in ruins, built in 1598 - according to an inscription on a tablet above the door - by Laurence Bruce, natural brother to Lord Robert Stewart, 1st earl of Orkney.
In 1308 Robert Bruce captured the fortress from the original owners, the MacDougalls, and gave it to the Campbells.
It is said that Robert Bruce held within its walls the last parliament in which the Gaelic language was used.
The reverse at Bakenlaagte was repaired by a force under Bruce Hamilton.
In January Bruce Hamilton continued his successful night marches, and late in the month General Ben Viljoen was captured in the Leydenburg district.
Once prime minister, his personal popularity proved to be a powerful unifying influence in a somewhat heterogeneous party; and though the illness and death (August 30, 1906) of his wife (daughter of General Sir Charles Bruce), whom he had married in 1860, made his constant attendance in the House of Commons impossible, his domestic sorrow excited widespread sympathy and appealed afresh to the affection of his political followers.
His father, remembering his own early difficulties, bestowed special care on his son's education, and sent him in his twelfth year to Mr Bruce's school in Percy Street, Newcastle, where he remained about four years.
Newton is a burgh or barony of very ancient creation, the charter of which is traditionally said to have been granted by Robert Bruce in favour of forty-eight of the inhabitants who had distinguished themselves at Bannockburn.
In 1315 the Scottish parliament met in the church of St John to confirm the succession of Edward Bruce to the throne.
About 1177 a castle is said to have been built by John de Courcy, to be destroyed by Edward Bruce in 1316.
Mediterranean (sometimes called " Malta ") fever has been traced by Colonel David Bruce to a Micrococcus melitensis.
He bitterly resented the concession of independence to Scotland by the treaty of Northampton of 1328, and the death of Robert Bruce in 1329 gave him a chance of retrieving his position.
The new king of Scots, David, who was his brother-in-law, was a mere boy, and the Scottish barons, exiled for their support of Robert Bruce, took advantage of the weakness of his rule to invade Scotland in 1332.
This monastery was restored in the reign of Robert Bruce, and became a cell of the abbey of canons regular at Inchaffray.
Bruce, in the " Scotia," showed in 1904 that the real depth at that point is only 2660 fathoms.
The crown of Scotland, preserved with the Scottish regalia at Edinburgh, is believed to be composed of the original circlet worn by King Robert the Bruce.
Bruce sharply contrasts " dogmas of theology " with " doctrines of faith."
While he manifests no wholesale dislike to doctrine, such as is seen in the Broad Church school, Bruce inverts the Catholic estimate.
He says he was at Cambridge with Robert de Bruce and his two brothers, Thomas and Alexander, but this does not necessarily imply that he was a fellow-student.
The capitals of the columns have disappeared, but their design is preserved among the drawings of James Bruce, the African traveller.
A favourable opportunity, however, did not arise until after the death of King Robert the Bruce in 1329, when Edward III.
During the invasion of Ireland by Edward Bruce in 1315 some of the suburbs of Dublin were burnt to prevent them from falling into his hand.
The inroad of Bruce had been countenanced by the native Irish ecclesiastics, whose sentiments were recorded in a statement addressed to Pope John XXII.
Some notion of the defence made against Bruce's invasion may be gained from the fact that the churches were torn down to supply stones for the building of the city walls.
Bruce had seized Greencastle on his march; but the natives re-took the town, and brought to Dublin the governor who had yielded to Bruce.
From the time of Bruce the Campbells had been gaining the ascendancy in Argyll.
The lordship of Lorne was wrested from the Macdougalls by Robert Bruce, and their extensive possessions, with Dunstaffnage Castle, bestowed on the king's relative, Stewart, and his descendants, afterwards lords of Lorne.
In early times it had a castle, which was taken by Robert Bruce from the English in 1313.
In 1317 the town was burnt by the Scots under Robert Bruce, although the burgesses paid 3000 marks that it might be spared.
James Stewart, the elder son of Alexander, fourth steward, succeeded his father in 1283, and, after distinguishing himself in the wars of Wallace and of Bruce, died in 1309.
His son Walter, sixth steward, who had joint command with Sir James Douglas of the left wing at the battle of Bannockburn, married Marjory, daughter of Robert the Bruce, and during the latter's absence in Ireland was entrusted with the government of the kingdom.
John Bruce, " Inedited documents rel.
John Hodgson and Bruce, the local authorities of the 19th century, supposed that it was erected to defend the wall from southern insurgents.
Clackmannan Tower is now a picturesque ruin, but at one time played an important part in Scottish history, and was the seat of a lineal descendant of the Bruce family after the failure of the male line.
Should the assumption be proved to be correct, and should it be found that the "Troy fragments were written first of all, followed by Alexander and Bruce or Bruce and Alexander, and that the Legends end the chapter," it will be by "evidence" other than that which has been produced to this date.
Brown, The Wallace and The Bruce restudied.
Robert Bruce several times ineffectually attempted to seize it, but in 1311 he succeeded in scaling the walls during a night attack.
Bruce rendered signal service to his own communion in connexion with its service of praise.
The castle had been a royal residence for at least two centuries before Bannockburn (1314), but immediately after the battle Robert Bruce granted it to Sir Walter FitzGilbert Hamilton, the son of the founder of the family, in return for the fealty.
James Bruce identified this bird with the Abu-Hannes or "Father John" of the Abyssinians, and in 1790 it received from Latham (Index ornithologicus, p. 706) the name of Tantalus aethiopicus.
Bruce castle, on the site of the old mansion of the Bruces, but built probably by Sir William Compton in the beginning of the 16th century, was occupied by a boarding-school founded by Mr (afterwards Sir) Rowland Hill in 1827 on the system instituted by him at Hazlewood, Birmingham.
The chapel contains the tombs of abbot John Hamilton and of the children of the 1st lord Paisley, and the recumbent effigy of Marjory, daughter of Robert Bruce, who married Walter, the Steward, and was killed while hunting at Knock Hill between Renfrew and Paisley (1316).
Young Cavendish was hardly younger than Hobbes, and had been married, a few months before, at the instance of the king, to Christiana, the only daughter of Edward, Lord Bruce of Kinloss, though by reason of the bride's age, which was only twelve years, the pair had no establishment for some time.
The castle came in the 13th century into possession of the De Lacy family, who, being ejected, invited Edward Bruce to besiege it (1315).
The south-western part is naturally divided into two tracts by the Niagara escarpment, a line of cliffs capped by hard Silurian limestones, running from Queenston Heights near the falls of Niagara west to the head of Lake Ontario near Hamilton, and then northwest to the Bruce Peninsula on Georgian Bay.
With the nickel copper is always found, and copper ores are worked on their own account in a few localities, such as Bruce mines.
Georgian Bay is cut off from the main lake by Manitoulin Island and the long promontory of Bruce Peninsula.
In 1772 James Bruce stayed some time at Shendi - then governed by a woman - on his way to Egypt after visiting the source of the Blue Nile.
On a conical hill above the pier stand the remains of Dunoon Castle, the hereditary keepership of which was conferred by Robert Bruce on the family of Sir Colin Campbell of Loch Awe, an ancestor of the duke of Argyll.
Rebuilt, largely by means of a gift of Robert Bruce, it was nearly burned down in 1385 by Richard II.
St Mary's, the parish church, a cruciform structure, was founded by Robert Bruce, whose second wife died at Cullen.
Lord Hailes's most important contribution to literature was the Annals of Scotland, of which the first volume, " From the accession of Malcolm III., surnamed Canmore, to the accession of Robert I.," appeared in 1776, and the second, " From the accession of Robert I., surnamed Bruce, to the accession of the house of Stewart," in 1779.
Armagh itself fell before the king Brian Boroime, who was buried here; and before Edward Bruce in 1315, while previous to the English war after the Reformation, it had witnessed the struggles of Shane O'Neill (1564).
Berwick was at first represented in the court of the four boroughs and in 1326 in Robert Bruce's parliament.
A papal legate, in Bruce's time, was no more safe, if his errand was undesirable, than under John Knox, when Mary Stuart wore the crown.
A holy war against him was proclaimed by the archbishop of York, and on the 22nd of August 1138 Bruce, Baliol, and others of David's southern allies renounced fealty to him, and he was defeated at the battle of the Standard, near Northallerton.
At this assembly were Bruce, earl of Annandale; Robert de B rus, earl of Carrick (later king), his son; Comyn, earl of Buchan; John Baliol; and James the Steward of Scotland, of the house of FitzAlan.
The Bruce party took up arms, and from the terms of their " band," or agreement, obviously contemplated resistance to the rights of the Maid of Norway, while declaring their fealty to Edward.
As the Bruce faction had asserted their fealty to Edward, the carefully patriotic attitude of the Scots may be ascribed to the two bishops, who did not consistently live on this level.
The bishop of St Andrews was for Baliol, he of Glasgow was for Bruce; and the Baliol party, the seven earls complain, was ravaging Moray.
John Baliol was great-grandson of this David, through his eldest daughter; Bruce the old was grandson of David through his second daughter, and pleaded that, by Scottish custom, he was David's heir.
Robert Bruce was now of Edward's party; the nobles in a mass surrendered and Edward was unopposed.
Percy and Clifford led the English forces to suppress him, and (7th July) made terms with the bishop, the Steward and Robert Bruce, who submitted; but Wallace held out in Ettrick Forest.
By June 1298 Robert Bruce is active in the service of Edward, in Galloway.
Wallace had made the error of risking a general engagement in place of retiring into the hills; to do this had, it is said, been his purpose, but Edward surprised him, and Wallace disappears from the leadership, while the wavering Robert Bruce appears in command, with the new bishop of St Andrews, Lamberton; Lord Soulis; and the younger Comyn, " the Red Comyn " of Badenoch.
For want of supplies, Edward returned to England through Annandale, burning Bruce's castle of Lochmaben.
The barons of England angrily refused to submit to the papal interference, but nothing decisive was attempted by Edward, though Bruce had again entered his service.
It seems probable that Wallace remained consistently loyal to Baliol, and hostile to the party of the wavering Bruce.
His diplomacy in France proves him to have been a man of education, and his honour is unimpeached; he never wavered, he never was liegeman of Edward, while bishops, nobles, and, above all, Bruce, perjured themselves and turned their coats again and again.
The " commons," the populace, were eager for peace; nobles like Bruce were Edward's men.
Bruce had been actively engaged in the siege of Stirling, and had succeeded his father as earl of Annandale.
Yet, during the siege of Stirling (11th of June 1304), Bruce had entered into a secret band with Lamberton, bishop of St Andrews, for mutual aid.
The cause of the slaying of Comyn is unknown; the two men had long been at odds, but the evidence does not confirm the story that Comyn had betrayed Bruce to Edward.
It is more probable that Comyn merely refused to be drawn by Bruce into a rising, and that the deed was unpremeditated.
Be that as it may, Bruce had now no place of repentance for a sacrilegious homicide; he could not turn his tabard again; he was outlawed, forfeited and excommunicated.
Bruce was warring in Galloway when, in May 1306, Aymer de Valence led an English force to Perth.
Bruce followed, and was defeated in Methven wood; the prisoners of rank, his brother Nigel, and Atholl, with others, were hanged, and his two bishops were presently secured.
Aymer de Valence, Butetourte, Clifford, and Mowbray were sent to net and " drive " the inner wilds of Galloway, where Bruce lurked in the forests and caves of Loch Trool and Loch Dungeon.
Bruce slipped into Ayrshire and defeated de Valence at Loudon Hill; so Edward, a dying man, began to move against him with his whole force.
In the winter of 1307 and in 1308 Bruce ruined Buchan, a Comyn territory, and won the castles of Aberdeen and Forfar, while Edward Bruce cleared the English out of Galloway.
In the summer of 1309 Bruce fell on the MacDougals, on the right side of the Awe, where it rushes from Loch Awe at the pass of Brander, and, aided by a rear attack led by Douglas, seized the bridge and massacred the enemy.
In 1311 Bruce carried the war into England, seconded by the most audacious if the least skilled of his captains, his daring brother Edward.
The castles of Carlisle and Berwick, however, repelled the assailants, but Perth was surprised, in January 1313, Bruce himself leading the advance.
In the spring of 1313 Edward Bruce invested Stirling castle, the key of Scotland; on midsummer day he accepted a pact for the surrender of the place if not relieved within a year.
Bruce had but five hundred horse, under Keith the Marischal; Douglas led the levies of his own district and Ettrick Forest; Randolph commanded the men of Moray; Walter Steward, those of the south-western shires; and Angus Og brought to the Scottish standard the light-footed men of the Isles, and, probably, of Lochaber, Moidart, and the western coast in general.
Bruce commanded the people of Carrick and probably of his old earldom, Annandale.
Moving out from the Torwood forest, Bruce arrayed his force so as to guard either the Roman road through St Ninians, or the way through the Carse, which was then studded with marshes and small lakes.
The former route appeared to be chosen by the English, and Bruce stationed his army in a position where it was defended by a cleugh, or ravine of the Bannockburn, and by two morasses between which was a practicable but narrow neck of firm land.
Randolph, on Bruce's left, was to guard against a rush of English cavalry to relieve Stirling castle.
The Macdonald tradition is that their clan was on the right wing, under Angus Og; the old accounts place them with Bruce's reserves.
Three hundred English horsemen appear to have stolen round Randolph's flank unseen by him, and Bruce is said to have warned him that " a rose had fallen from his chaplet."
While Edward's army paused, Bruce, mounted on a palfrey, was attacked by Sir Henry Bohun.
Bruce evaded his spear and slew him with an axe stroke; the axe shaft broke in his hand.
Bruce is said to have proposed retreat and a guerilla war, but his council were for fighting.
Bruce now swept the country, but Carlisle he could not take.
This led, after Bruce's death, to an invasion by the disinherited English ci-devant lords of lands in Scotland, and to a long war from which Scotland was only " saved as by fire."
Bruce, previously so shifty, had never wavered or turned back since he smote the Red Comyn at Dumfries.
They will be liegemen of Bruce only so long as he resists England.
But the great abbey church of St Andrews was, none the less, completed, to stand for some two hundred and forty years, and was dedicated in the presence of Bruce.
The brilliant and sustained effort which made Scotland independent was almost paralysed by the deaths of Bruce and the Good Sir James of Douglas, during the minority of David II.
The disinherited lords, deprived of their lands by Bruce, were headed by Edward Baliol, claiming the crown of Scotland as heir of John Baliol, and secretly backed by England.
For nearly two centuries each reign began with a long royal minority, increasing the power and multiplying the resolved to stand by the Steward and the blood of Bruce, preferred the heavy taxation and the turbulence inevitable under such a king as David to union under an English prince.
But the promise of peace and prosperity in exchange for absolute independence was rejected with all the old resolution; and the freedom which a Bruce desired to sell was retained by the first of the Stewart line, Robert II.; for Mr Froude erred in alleging that James I.
Robert II., the grandson of Robert Bruce, had lived hard, and when he came to the throne, was weary of fighting and of politics.
Nothing proves more clearly the firm adherence of the nation to the blood of Bruce, and the parliamentary II.
The Court of Session was also to be removed, and the burgesses, fearing loss of trade, laid down their arms. The leader of the clerical agitation, Mr Bruce, with a wild preacher named Balcanquhal, fled to England, and James returned in triumph to his capital on the 1st of January 1597.
In December he married Lady Augusta Bruce, sister of Lord Elgin, then governor-general of India.
It had a full share in the several Irish wars, being sacked by Edward Bruce (1315) and by O'Neill (1538); and it was taken by the Irish and recaptured by the English in the wars of 1641, and was occupied later by the forces of James II.
Bruce for crossing the Antarctic continent in 1911-2, from Coats Land on the Weddell Sea to McMurdo Sound in the Ross Sea, was not proceeded with, and two American expeditions which were contemplated at the same time did not advance beyond the stage of projects.
For the story of Sir Simon Lockhart's adventures with the heart of the Bruce, see Sir Walter Scott's The Talisman.
In 1318 the Scottish parliament decreed that if King Robert died without sons the crown should pass to his grandson; but the birth of a son, afterwards King David II., to Bruce in 1324 postponed the accession of Robert for nearly forty-two years.
The chief name in the island's history is that of Robert Bruce, who found shelter in the King's Caves on the western coast.
In Glen Cloy the ruins of a fort bear the name of Bruce's Castle, in which his men lay concealed, and on the southern arm of Loch Ranza stands a picturesque ruined castle which is said to have been his hunting-seat.
He also received the first Bruce medal of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, awarded by the directors of the Berlin, Greenwich, Harvard, Lick, Paris and Yerkes observatories.
The plant was discovered in 1823 by Mr Robert Bruce, who had proceeded thither on a mercantile exploration.
Jenkins was deputed by the governor-general of India, Lord William Bentinck, to report upon the resources of the country, and the tea plant was brought to his especial notice by Mr Bruce; in 1834 a minute was recorded by the governor-general on the subject, in which it is stated that his attention had been called to it in 1827 before his departure from England.
Osterman, together with General Bruce, represented Russia at the Aland peace congress of 1718.
The Bore Stone, in which Bruce planted his standard before the battle in which he defeated Edward II.
The famous battle of Bannockburn (24th June 1314) was fought for the relief of Stirling Castle, which was besieged by the Scottish forces under Robert Bruce.
Bruce made no attempt to defend the border, and selected his defensive position on the Bannock Burn, 22 m.
The for_ner was met by the Scottish outpost on the road, and here occurred the famous single combat in which Robert Bruce, though not fully armed for battle, killed Sir Henry Bohun.
The reserve under Bruce consisted of a corps of pikemen and a squadron of Soo chosen men-at-arms under Sir Robert.
Bruce threw his infantry reserve into the battle, the arrows of the English archers wounded the men-at-arms of their own side, and the remnants of the leading line were tired and disheartened when the final impetus to their rout was given by the historic charge of the "gillies," some thousands of Scottish campfollowers who suddenly emerged from the woods, blowing horns, waving such weapons as they possessed, and holding aloft improvised banners.
Among the historic personages who were buried within its walls was Robert Bruce, lord of Annandale, the competitor for the throne of Scotland with John Baliol, and the grandfather of King Robert the Bruce.
The statement by James Bruce respecting the cutting of steaks from a live cow has frequently been called in question, but there can be no doubt that Bruce actually saw what he narrates.
The French physician C. Poncet, who P y J went there in 1698, via Sennar and the Blue Nile, was the only European that afterwards visited the country before Bruce in 1769.
James Bruce's main object was to discover the sources of the Nile, which he was convinced lay in Abyssinia.
Mr Mansfield Parkyns was there from 1843 to 1846, and wrote the most interesting book on the country since the time of Bruce.
It was constituted a royal burgh by a charter of Robert Bruce in 1306, and had its privileges confirmed by Robert II.
The book was then lost sight of till 1773, when Bruce discovered the Ethiopic version in Abyssinia.
He was awarded the Janssen medal by the Paris Academy of Sciences in 1894, the Rumford medal by the American Academy in 1902, the Draper medal in 1903, a gold medal by the Royal Astronomical Society in 1904, the Bruce medal by the Astronomical Society of the Pacific in 1916, and the Janssen medal by the Astronomical Society of France in 1917.
The name Arthur of Ardrossan is found in connexion with a charter dated 1226; and Sir Fergus of Ardrossan accompanied Edward Bruce in his Irish expedition in 1316, and in 1320 signed the appeal to the pope, made by the barons of Scotland, against the aggressions of England.
The motto on the city arms is "Bon Accord," which formed the watchword of the Aberdonians while aiding Robert Bruce in his battles with the English.
Comyn is chiefly known for his memorable quarrel with Robert the Bruce.
Doubtless the two regarded each other as rivals; Comyn may have refused to join in the insurrection planned by Bruce.
This earl, a son of Earl Alexander, was constable of Scotland, and was first an ally and then an enemy of Robert the Bruce.
It also received charters from Robert Bruce, Robert II.
They ruled out the claimof Robert Bruce, the son of Davids second daughter, who had raised the plea that his descent was superior because he was a generation nearer than Baliol to their common ancestor.
Its first leader was none of the great barons, but a Renfrewshire knight, Sir William Wallace; but ere long more important persons, including Robert Bruce, earl of Carrick (grandson of Robert Bruce of Annandale, one of the competitors for the crown of Scotland), and the bishop of Glasgow, were found to be in communication with the rebels.
But he was secretly plotting rebellion, disgusted (as it would seem) that Edward had not transferred the crown of Scotland to the line of Bruce when the house of Baliol was found wanting.
Bruce was conferring at Dumfries with John Comyn, the late regent, whom he was endeavouring to tempt into his plots, on the 10th of January 1306.
An angry altercation followed, for Comyn would have nothing to do with the scheme, and Bruce and his followers finally slew him before the altar of a church into which he had fled.
After this crime, which combined the disgrace of sacrilege with that of murder under tryst, Bruce was forced to take arms at once, though his preparations were incomplete.
But his troops, under Aymer de Valence, earl of Pembroke, pressed north, and surprised and routed Bruce at Methven near Perth.
Edward ordered young Nigel Bruce and many other captives to be executed; for he was provoked to great wrath by the rebellion of a magnate who had given him every assurance of loyalty.
Leaving Bruce to gather fresh strength and to commence the tedious -process of reducing the numerous English garrisons in Scotland, he betook himself to London, and was not seen on the border again.
A very large proportior of the Scottish nobility regarded Bruce as a usurper who had opened his career with murder and sacrilege, and either openly opposed him or denied him help. His resources were small, and it was only by constant effort, often chequered by failures, that he gradually fought down his local adversaries, and reduced the English garrisons one by one.
Yet even under such conditions Bruce had to retire to the mountains, and to allow the invaders to range unopposed through Lothian and Fife, and even beyond the Tay.
It was clearly their duty either to make peace with Robert Bruce, or to exert themselves to crush him; but they would do neither.
Bruce having at last made an almost complete end of the English garrisons within his realm, laid siege to Stirling, the last and strongest of them all, in the spring of 1313.
Compelled by the pressure of public opinion to attempt its relief, Edward crossed the border in June 1314,with an army of 20,000 foot and 4000 men-at-arms. He found Bruce prepared to dispute his advance on the hillside of Bannockburn, 2 iB.
Bruce followed them up, and spent the autumn in ravaging Northumberland and Cumberland.
But the colonists rallied, and cut to pieces a great Irish army at Athenry (1316), while in the next year Roger Mortimer, a hard-handed baron of the Welsh march, crossed with reinforcements and drove back Edward Bruce into the north.
The one politic act of Mortimers administration, the conclusion of a permanent peace with Scotland by acknowledging Bruce as king (1328), was not one which made him more popular.
Robert Bruce was now dead and his throne was occupied by the young David II., whose factious nobles were occupied in civil strife when, in.
This was Edward, the son of John Baliol, an adventurous baron who collected all the disinherited Scots lords, the members of the old English faction who had been expelled by Bruce, and invaded the realm at their head.
David Bruce was to cede Roxburgh sion of and Berwick, but to keep the rest of his dominions on David of condition of paying a ransom of 100,000 marks.
It was arranged that the treaty, which was then provisionally concluded at Tientsin, should be ratified at Peking in the follow- China ing year; and in June 1859 Mr (afterwards Sir war, Frederick) Bruce, Lord Elgins brother, who, had been appointed plenipotentiary, attempted to proceed up the Peiho with the object of securing its ratification.
In 1872 Bruce, the home secretary, succeeded in passing a measure of licensing reform.
Bruce, who had offended the licensed victuallers, was removed from the home office, and made a peer and president of the council.
He married in 1863 Miss Eliza Bruce, of Dublin, who survived him.
An international committee was formed for the purpose of erecting a monument to his memory in Westminster Abbey; and there, in May 1895, a portrait medallion, by Albert Bruce Joy, was placed near the grave of Newton, and adjoining the memorials of Darwin and of Joule.
It is one of the fortresses appointed by the Act of Union to be kept in a state of repair, and is approached from the esplanade, on which stands the colossal statue of Robert Bruce, erected in 1877.
Bruce's heart rests in Melrose, but his bones lie in Dunfermline Abbey, where (after the discovery of the skeleton in 1818) they were reinterred with fitting pomp below the pulpit of the New church.
Bruce " redemption by sample " - the divine Christ has Unless 1 Tim.
It was here that the parliament met which on the 6th of April 1320 addressed to the pope the notable letter, asserting the independence of their country and reciting in eloquent terms the services which their "lord and sovereign" Robert Bruce had rendered to Scotland.
Edward Bruce fell in battle near Dundalk, and most of his army recrossed the channel, leaving behind a reputation for cruelty and rapacity.
In 1315, the year after Bannockburn, Edward Bruce landed near Lame with 6000 men, including some of the best knights in Scotland.
On several occasions Lancaster was suspected of intriguing with the Scots, and it is significant that his lands were spared when Robert Bruce ravaged the north of England.
In 1904 Gough Island was visited by the Antarctic exploring ship " Scotia of the Bruce expedition, which discovered a rich marine fauna, two new buntings and three new species of plants.
See Memoir, by Miss Bruce (1904).
Frank Bruce, the sculptor, has perfected his own style, which he calls, " archetypal abstractionism " .
The owner, Bruce Berry, denies all allegations.
Edward in an extremely angry mood order an army put together for a campaign to put down Bruce.
I have only just learned of the death of Bruce Olson last autumn.
This started a blood feud between the Bruce and MacDougall clans; the Bruce had of course supported William Wallace.
In return for teaching Bruce how to break bricks, Bruce taught James a popular for of Chinese boxing called " Wing Chun " .
Rather than hard circulate it private life Bruce is not yet.
Bruce lee film, the attackers don't line up!
Bruce tinsley fish was too from that point smart tough passionate.
Mr HEATHCOTE continuing said the police told the licensee the man Bruce was drunk.
Recent discoveries at the site include what is thought to be the heart of Robert the Bruce, buried in a lead casket.
I The best compositor in the story, I thing, is Bruce Springfield, the Boss.
The Cathedral was finally consecrated in the presence of King Robert the Bruce on 5th July 1318.
The word cyberpunk was coined by writer Bruce Bethke, who wrote a story with that title in 1982.
The term cyberpunk was first coined by Bruce Bethke in his short story Cyberpunk published in 1983.
May 1997 A worthless memoir Bruce Anderson The memoirs of former Conservative party treasurer, Alistair McAlpine, reveal a politically shallow egotist.
Bruce McCormack rightly emphasizes that the dialectical Paulinism of Barth's Romans commentary remained key to his theology.
Hammersmith Odeon, London '75 is the only full-length concert film ever released of Bruce and the E Street Band's first 25 years.
So when Bruce builds a ramshackle hut near her, she is not best pleased.
Perhaps, as Bruce Wayne suggests, he's constitutionally incapable of not obeying flags and badges.
Bruce Almighty is a light-hearted film that will appeal to all ages and, despite such potentially blasphemous content, it remains entirely inoffensive.
Its not like a Bruce lee film, the attackers don't line up!
Thus Bruce's intermittent illnesses leading to absences from royal duties would also fit best with multibacillary leprosy.
Grants of land were made to Sir James Douglas, one of Robert Bruce's chief lieutenants.
Sir Gilbert Hamilton gives the funeral oration at the burial of King Robert the Bruce at Dunfermline Abbey in 1329.
Nick is the son of legendary outlaw Bruce Richard Reynolds, mastermind of the Great Train Robbery in 1963.
He was disappointed that Bruce was not overwintering on the island.
And just how does billionaire playboy Bruce Wayne fit into all of this?
Bruce's work is deeply independent and technically precise.
Bruce's Watson is a humourous foil to Rathbone's intense seriousness - although Holmes himself is not averse to the odd witty quip.
Well like the sound recordist Stewart Bruce, he's got his own sound recording business down in Brighton.
The festival will also show a complete retrospective of fashion photographer and filmmaker Bruce Weber's work.
Drawing on research by the biographer, Bruce Perry, he revealed Malcolm's teenage and early adult same-sex experiences.
The very first winner, Bruce Morton, landed a series on the seven deadly sins.
This set ends with Chance - an old Big Country hit - Bruce's trademark guitar intro signals a mass crowd singalong.
He has a distinctive black splodge by the side of his nose, Bruce is also microchipped.
Bruce began stand-up in July 1995 after over a decade of writing for some of Australia's biggest names in comedy.
Kindest regards Bruce Hi, I am a school health nurse working with children with complex disabilities who may require oral suction.
Bruce, also, was an inspiring leader, a brave guerilla and a shrewd tactician.
Bruce and I have reconfigured part of the attitude control thruster system to run off our ion drive's mercury fuel supply.
Bruce Willis has been shamed as a ' bad tipper ' by angry waitresses who have served the Hollywood actor.
The Pizza Explorer - is fantastic learning tool created by Bruce Watkins from Purdue University.
I rip across the rope faster than Bruce Lee in an effort not to get any wetter.
In 1867 he was elected member for West Durham in the Dominion parliament, and for South Bruce in the provincial legislature, in which he became leader of the Liberal opposition two years later.
North of the Murchison, Mount Augustus and Mount Bruce, with their connecting highlands, cut off the coastal drainage from the interior; but no point on the north-west coast reaches a greater altitude than 4000 ft.
Bruce's title, and his programme of "succouring distressed faith," imply the latter alternative; the moral appeal of Christianity,.
Bruce, Chief End of Revelation (1881), The Miraculous Element in the Gospels (1886), Apologetics (1892), and other works; Bruce's posthumous article, " Jesus " in Encyc. Bib., was understood by some as exchanging Christian orthodoxy for bare theism, but probably its tone of aloofness is due to the attempt to keep well within the limits of what the author considered pure scientific history.
In April 12 9 4 the younger Bruce had permission to visit Ireland for a year and a half, and as a further mark of Edward's favour a respite of all debts owing by him to the exchequer.
On the 7th of July Bruce and his friends were forced to make terms by a treaty called the capitulation of Irvine.
The bishop of Glasgow, James the steward, and Sir Alexander Lindesay became sureties for Bruce until he delivered his daughter Marjorie as a hostage.
Wallace almost alone maintained the struggle for freedom which the nobles, as well as Baliol, had given up, and Bruce had no part in the honour of Stirling Bridge in September 1297, or the reverse of Falkirk, where in July 1298 Edward in person recovered what his generals had lost, and drove Wallace into exile.
Instead of being opposed to the greatest, Bruce had now as his antagonist the feeblest of the Plantagenets.
After a preliminary skirmish on Sunday the 23rd, in which Bruce distinguished himself by a personal combat with Sir Henry de Bohun, whom he felled by a single blow of his axe, the battle of Bannockburn was fought on Monday the 24th; and the complete rout of the English determined the independence of Scotland and confirmed the title of Bruce.
The death of his brother and his daughter rendered a resettlement of the crown advisable, and it was settled on his grandson, Robert, son of Marjorie and Walter the steward, in case Bruce died without sons, with a provision as to the regency in case of a minor heir in favour of Randolph.
In September 1319 an attempt to recover Berwick was repelled by Walter the steward, and Bruce took occasion of a visit to compliment his son-in-law and raise the walls 10 ft.
There is more than a touch of Matthew Arnold in this; though, while Arnold held nothing in religious experience beyond morality to be objectively genuine, Bruce believed in God's " gracious " purpose.
Although it was not until the development of its mineral wealth that it attained to commercial importance, it is a place of some antiquity, and formed the dowry of Marjory, Robert Bruce's daughter, who married Walter, the hereditary steward of Scotland, in 1315.
The "argument" as it stands is- nothing more than an exaggerated inference from parallelpassages in the Bruce and Alexander; and it makes no allowance for the tags, epithets and general vocabulary common to all writers of the period.
The Scottish cause seemed stronger than ever, under Bruce, the Steward, the Red Comyn and Lamberton, but in June 1300 Edward mustered a splendid array, and took Carlaverock castle, but, on the arrival of the archbishop of Canterbury with a letter from the pope approving of the Scottish cause, he granted a truce till Whitsuntide 1301.
It gave the English king, less opposed by his nobles since his favourite, Gaveston, was slain, time to muster a large army, which Bruce must meet, if at all, in the open field.
It was won by the generalship of Bruce and his captains; by the excellence of his position, by the steadiness of his men, and, obviously, by the reckless fury of the English cavalry, and by the folly which left their archers open to defeat by the Marischal's handful of horse (24th of June 1314).
The result was that James threw off the yoke of his stepfather, Angus; drove him and his astute and treacherous brother, Sir George Douglas, into England (thereby raising up, like Bruce, a fatal party of lords disinherited), and while he was alienated from Henry and his Reformation, threw himself into the arms of France, of the clergy and of Rome.
Bruce subsequently returned to Egypt (end of 1772) via Gondar, the upper Atbara, Sennar, the Nile and the Korosko desert (see Bruce, James).
I am Robert the Bruce.
Are you the Bruce, and are you all alone?
Then some one outside called loudly, "Have you seen King Robert the Bruce pass this way?"
And Robert the Bruce was never again obliged to hide in the woods or to run from savage hounds.
Bruce 's Watson is a humourous foil to Rathbone 's intense seriousness - although Holmes himself is not averse to the odd witty quip.
Well like the sound recordist Stewart Bruce, he 's got his own sound recording business down in Brighton.
The artwork had been lovingly restored by original Milkshake Bruce Brand and its also been remastered from the bands original master tapes.
The festival will also show a complete retrospective of fashion photographer and filmmaker Bruce Weber 's work.
A new rod and a revered name such as Bruce and Walker will sting you £ 400-£500 including reel and line / lines.
Lot of results revered among bruce to everyone that plan does not.
Anyway security author Bruce Sterling reckons its likely Phrack will be revived in some form.
Consists of hundreds of letters hand written in many segments over a number of years by Bruce Roberts, the creator of synthetic rubies.
Drawing on research by the biographer, Bruce Perry, he revealed Malcolm 's teenage and early adult same-sex experiences.
Bruce Grant, our head chef is on hand to serve up a mouth watering selection of appetizing dishes.
This set ends with Chance - an old Big Country hit - Bruce 's trademark guitar intro signals a mass crowd singalong.
Bruce began stand-up in July 1995 after over a decade of writing for some of Australia 's biggest names in comedy.
Bruce and I have reconfigured part of the attitude control thruster system to run off our ion drive 's mercury fuel supply.
In the comics, Bruce is a tormented man who wants to cure himself.
He was Regent of Scotland from the death of King Robert, the Bruce, to the date of his untimely fate.
Bruce Wayne is wealthy, but unlike Superman or Spiderman, he has no superpowers.
The intrigue of this character is the fact that when you take away the cloak, the underground lair and the impressive technology - Bruce Wayne is just a regular guy.
Actress Shelbie Bruce of Spanglish has a bright future ahead of her, but she also holds tight to her roots.
A relative newcomer, Shelbie Bruce was thrilled to earn a starring role in Spanglish, a bittersweet drama that explores the culture clash between the rich and the poor, as well as between a Mexican housekeeper and her American employers.
The drumbeat of media speculation is growing ever louder that Bruce Springsteen and his band mate and wife of 15 years, Patti Scialfa, are headed for divorce.
Bruce and his alleged mistress have been spotted together many times at a beach club in Jersey, while Patti has been seen flying solo with couple's three children.
Bruce and Patti did, however, take a vacation in upstate New York with the kids in July.
And in case you're wondering, it seems Bruce is all about the redheads, as his alleged new love reportedly has the same flame-colored locks as his wife.
Writer Bruce Vilanch, who lost 21 pounds.
Joining him are other big-name celebrities, Eva Mendes and Bruce Willis.
Moore is divorced from actor Bruce Willis whom she has three daughters with.
Eminem, born Marshall Bruce Mathers III, was raised by a single mother in Detroit.
It wasn't until the 2003 Jim Carrey film, Bruce Almighty, that Carell started to gain attention.
Given Steve Carell's successful turn in Bruce Almighty, he will return as Evan Baxter in the 2007 sequel, Evan Almighty.
She is the daughter of the late Robert Kardashian and Kris Jenner, and stepdaughter to Olympic legend Bruce Jenner.
While no air date has been announced, the show - executive produced by Ryan Seacrest - will feature Kardashian, her sisters and step-sisters (Khloe, Kourtney, Kendall and Kylie), as well as her mother and step-father, Bruce Jenner.
Kim, along with sisters Khloe and Kourtney and half-sisters Kylie and Kendall, mom Kris and step-dad Bruce Jenner, present a reality show that has taken the E! network by storm.
The Last Boy Scout - Starring alongside Bruce Willis and Damon Wayans in this 1991 action film, Halle played the role of Damon Wayans' girlfriend Cory.
The two have 15 years between them and she had an intimidating ex-husband (Bruce Willis) and three children when they met.
Along came Ryan Seacrest, mastermind behind Keeping up with the Kardashian's, which just happens to star Brody's dad, Bruce Jenner and the Kardashian girls, with a proposal.
Her parents divorced in 1989 and her mother remarried Olympic athlete Bruce Jenner.
Shortly thereafter, Moore married actor Bruce Willis in 1987.