RSV infection in young children is also called bronchiolitis, because it is marked by inflammation of the bronchioles, the narrow airways that lead from the large airways (bronchi) to the tiny air sacs (alveoli) in the lungs.
Most children recover uneventfully from bronchiolitis, although some studies have suggested that children who have had bronchiolitis may be at higher risk for reactive airway disease throughout the remainder of their lives.
Like most types of respiratory viruses, the viruses that cause bronchiolitis are usually contracted through breathing in infected droplets that are sprayed out by another ill individual during coughing or sneezing.
Bronchiolitis is spread the same way that most other respiratory viruses are communicated, through droplets and contact with infected nasal secretions.
Bronchiolitis is a lung infection that affects children of any age; however, it is much more severe when it occurs in young infants.
Parent should educate their children about good personal hygiene to avoid spreading the germs that cause colds and bronchiolitis.
Bronchiolitis is a particularly important problem in babies who are born prematurely or who have other chronic medical illness.
These children are at greatly increased risk of contracting bronchiolitis and of having a more severe course of the illness.
Most cases of bronchiolitis start with symptoms of a cold: sneezing, runny nose, fatigue, decreased appetite, fever.
"Efficacy of interventions for bronchiolitis in critically ill infants: a systematic review and meta-analysis."