Bromide sentence example
Both the iodide and bromide are used in photography.
The bromide paper is automatically passed through a developing bath, a fixing bath, and drying rollers.
The bromide, CoBr 2, resembles the chloride, and may be prepared by similar methods.
Boron bromide BBr 3 can be formed by direct union of the two elements, but is best obtained by the method used for the preparation of the chloride.
Silver has been discovered in all the states, either alone or in the form of sulphides, antimonial and arsenical ores, chloride, bromide,.Advertisement
A ray of light is directed upon the mirror, and the motion of the latter, due to the varying strengths and direction of the received currents, is made to write the transmitted signals upon a strip of bromide photographic paper about three inches wide.
The chloride,CdC1 2, bromide,CdBr 2, and iodide,Cdl2,arealsoknown, cadmium iodide being sometimes used in photography, as it is one of the few iodides which are soluble in alcohol.
The acid is considered to possess the structure 0 2 S(SH) (OH), since sodium thiosulphate reacts with ethyl bromide to give sodium ethyl thiosulphate, which on treatment with barium chloride gives presumably barium ethyl thiosulphate.
The chloro-bromide and bromide of silver were also included under this term until they were distinguished chemically in 1841 and 1842, and described under the names embolite and bromargyrite (or bromyrite) respectively; the chloride then came to be distinguished as chlorargyrite, though the name cerargyrite is often now applied to this alone.
It was long supposed that the simplest ring obtainable contained six atoms of carbon, and the discovery of trimethylene in 1882 by August Freund by the action of sodium on trimethylene bromide, Br(CH 2) 3 Br, came somewhat as a surprise, especially in view of its behaviour with bromine and hydrogen bromide.Advertisement
But on the other hand, it is readily converted by hydrobromic acid into normal propyl bromide, CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 Br.
The halogens may be sometimes detected by fusing with lime, and testing the solution for a bromide, chloride and iodide in the usual way.
Hydrocarbons of similar structure have been prepared by Thiele, for example, the orange-yellow tetraphenyl-para-xylylene, which is obtained by boiling the bromide C6H4[CBr(C6H5)2]2 with benzene and molecular silver.
When heated with the halogens, acetophenone is substituted in the aliphatic portion of the nucleus; thus bromine gives phenacyl bromide, C6H6CO.CH2Br.
Acetonyl-acetophenone, C6H5.CO.CH2.CH2.CO.CH3, is produced by condensing phenacyl bromide with sodium acetoacetate with subsequent elimination of carbon dioxide, and on dehydration gives aa-phenyl-methyl-furfurane.Advertisement
Lead bromide, PbBr 2, a white solid, and lead iodide, PbI 21 a yellow solid, are prepared by precipitating a lead salt with a soluble bromide or iodide; they resemble the chloride in solubility.
Stannous bromide, SnBr 2, is a light yellow substance formed from tin and hydrobromic acid.
Stannic iodide, Sn14, forms red octahedra and is prepared similarly to stannic bromide.
Hydriodic acid reduces it to hexamethylene" (cyclo-hexane or hexa-hydro-benzene); chlorine and bromine form substitution and addition products, but the action is slow unless some carrier such as iodine, molybdenum chloride or ferric chloride for chlorine, and aluminium bromide for bromine, be present.
Zinc bromide, ZnBr 2, and Zinc iodide, Zn12, are deliquescent solids formed by the direct union of their elements.Advertisement
Thorpe and Laurie converted potassium auribromide into a mixture of metallic gold and potassium bromide by careful heating.
The relation of the gold to the potassium bromide, as well as the amounts of silver and silver bromide which are equivalent to the potassium bromide, were determined.
Kriiss worked with the same salt, and obtained the value 195.65; while Mallet, by analyses of gold chloride and bromide, and potassium auribromide, obtained the value 195.77.
Aurous oxide, Au 2 0, is obtained by cautiously adding potash to a solution of aurous bromide, or by boiling mixed solutions of auric chloride and mercurous nitrate.
The atomic weight of caesium has been determined by the analysis of its chloride and bromide.Advertisement
The bromide, CsBr, and iodide, CsI, resemble the corresponding potassium salts.
Zirconium bromide, ZrBr 4, is formed similarly to the chloride.
Whereas calcium chloride, bromide, and iodide are deliquescent solids, the fluoride is practically insoluble in water; this is a parallelism to the soluble silver fluoride, and the insoluble chloride, bromide and iodide.
Calcium iodide and bromide are white deliquescent solids and closely resemble the chloride.
Potassium iodide, KI, is obtained by dissolving iodine in potash, the deoxidation of the iodate being facilitated by the addition of charcoal before ignition, proceeding as with the bromide.Advertisement
The action of potassium bromide and potassium iodide has been treated under bromine and iodine (q.v.).
The bromide and iodide are formed in a similar manner by heating the metal in gaseous hydrobromic or hydriodic acids.
Chromic salts are of a blue or violet colour, and apparently the chloride and bromide exist in a green and violet form.
Chromic bromide, CrBr 3, is prepared in the anhydrous form by the same method as the chloride, and resembles it in its properties.
The only trace we can find at present is in ethyl bromide, in which the radical band about 90o is curtailed in one wing.Advertisement
The difference between amyl iodide and amyl bromide is not sufficiently marked to be of any value."
Heated with anhydrous sodium acetate and acetic anhydride it gives cinnamic acid; with ethyl bromide and sodium it forms triphenyl-carbinol (C 6 H 5) 3 C OH; with dimethylaniline and anhydrous zinc chloride it forms leuco-malachite green C6H5CH[C6H4N(CH3)2]2; and with dimethylaniline and concentrated hydrochloric acid it gives dimethylaminobenzhydrol, C 6 H 5 CH(OH)C 6 H 4 N(CH 3) 2.
The fluoride is found native as sellaIte, and the bromide and iodide occur in sea water and in many mineral springs.
Chloral and potassium bromide may be given as physiological antidotes.
By the addition of potassium bromide and bromine water to diazonium salts they are converted into a perbromide, e.g.Advertisement
Sir William Crookes has, however, changed a pale yellow diamond to a bluish-green colour by keeping it embedded in radium bromide for eleven weeks.
Curie obtained only a fraction of a gramme of the chloride and Giesel 2 to 3 gramme of the bromide from a ton of uranium residues.
On the outskirts are the Oresund Park, gardens containing iodide and bromide springs, and frequented sea-baths.
The short streak of light thus obtained moves with Mirror, .l 4,Stindd Boom Balance Weight, j/?/?j?jj/ Masonry Column Lamp Br.mide Paper_ On- Need,Le o 0 the movement of the boom over a second slit perpendicular to the first and made in the lid of a box containing clockwork driving a band of bromide paper.
The mother-liquor now falls to a specific gravity of 1.3082 to 1.2965, and yields a very mixed deposit of magnesium bromide and chloride, potassium chloride and magnesium sulphate, with the double magnesium and potassium sulphate, corresponding to the kainite of Stassfurt.Advertisement
Thallous bromide, TIBr, is a light yellow crystalline powder; it is formed analogously to the chloride.
The bromide MnBr2.4H20, iodide, Mn12, and fluoride, MnF2, are known.
Cerous bromide, 2CeBr 3.3H 2 O, and iodide, CeI 3.9H 2 O, are known.
The salts of scandium are all colourless, the chloride and bromide corresponding in composition to Sc 2 X 6.12H 2 0; the fluoride is anhydrous.
The bromide and iodide of nickel resemble the chloride and are prepared in a similar fashion.Advertisement
More volatile anaesthetics such as anestile or anaesthyl and coryl are produced by mixing with methyl chloride; a mixture of ethyl and methyl chlorides with ethyl bromide is known as somnoform.
In some respects there is a very marked difference between fluorine and the other members of the group, for, whilst sodium chloride, bromide and iodide are readily soluble in water, sodium fluoride is much less soluble; again, silver chloride, bromide and iodide are practically insoluble in water, whilst, on the other hand, silver fluoride is appreciably soluble in water.
Magnesium phenyl bromide gives triphenyl vinyl alcohol.
Barium bromide is prepared by saturating baryta-water or by decomposing barium carbonate with hydrobromic acid.
Barium amide, Ba(NH 2) 2, is obtained from potassammonium and barium bromide.
The atomic weight of antimony has been determined by the analysis of the chloride, bromide and iodide.
Silver bromide, AgBr, constitutes the mineral bromargyrite or bromyrite, found in Mexico and Chile.
It is obtained as a yellowish white precipitate by mixing solutions of a bromide and a silver salt.
The minerals embolite, megabromite and microbromite, occurring in Chile, are variable mixtures of the chloride and bromide.
Its chief commercial sources are the salt deposits at Stassfurt in Prussian Saxony, in which magnesium bromide is found associated with various chlorides, and the brines of Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania and West Virginia, U.S.A.; small quantities are obtained from the mother liquors of Chile saltpetre and kelp. In combination with silver it is found as the mineral bromargyrite (bromite).
It is manufactured from the magnesium bromide contained in "bittern" (the mother liquor of the salt industry), by two processes, the continuous and the periodic. The continuous process depends upon the decomposition of the bromide by chlorine, which is generated in special stills.
Any uncondensed bromine vapour is absorbed by moist iron borings, and the resulting iron bromide is used for the manufacture of potassium bromide.
The crude bromine is purified by repeated shaking with potassium, sodium or ferrous bromide and subsequent redistillation.
Stas, in his stoichiometric researches, prepared chemically pure bromine from potassium bromide, by converting it into the bromate which was purified by repeated crystallization.
By heating the bromate it was partially converted into the bromide, and the resulting mixture was distilled with sulphuric acid.
The distillate was further purified by digestion with milk of lime, precipitation with water, and further digestion with calcium bromide and barium oxide, and was finally redistilled.
Some reactions, which are only possible by the aid of nascent bromine, are carried out by using solutions of sodium bromide and bromate, with the amount of sulphuric acid calculated according to the equation 5NaBr NaBr03-1-6H2S04= 6NaHSO 4 3H 2 O 6Br.
The action of bromine is sometimes accelerated by the use of compounds which behave catalytically, the more important of these substances being iodine, iron, ferric chloride, ferric bromide, aluminium bromide and phosphorus.
The majority are soluble in water, the chief exceptions being silver bromide, mercurous bromide, palladious bromide and lead bromide; the last is, however, soluble in hot water.
Silver nitrate in the presence of nitric acid gives with bromides a pale yellow precipitate of silver bromide, AgBr, which is sparingly soluble in ammonia.
For their quantitative determination they are precipitated in nitric acid solution by means of silver nitrate, and the silver bromide well washed, dried and weighed.
The salts of bromine are widely used in photography, especially bromide of silver.
Hence bromide of potassium - or bromide of sodium, which is possibly somewhat safer still though not quite so certain in its action - is used as a hypnotic, as the standard anaphrodisiac, as a sedative in mania and all forms of morbid mental excitement, and in hyperaesthesia of all kinds.
In whooping-cough, when a sedative is required but a stimulant is also indicated, ammonium bromide is often invaluable.
When sodio-malonic ester is condensed with trimethylene bromide the chief product is ethyl pentane tetracarboxylate, tetramethylene dicarboxylic ester being also formed, and from this the free acid may be obtained on hydrolysis.
The hydrocarbons, upon which the luminosity of the flame entirely depends, are divided in the analysis into two groups, saturated and unsaturated, according to their behaviour with a solution of bromine in potassium bromide, which has the power of absorbing those termed "unsaturated," but does not affect in diffused daylight the gaseous members of the "saturated" series of hydrocarbons.
Ferrous bromide, FeBr2, is obtained as yellowish crystals by the union of bromine and iron at a dull red-heat, or as bluish-green rhombic tables of the composition FeBr26H2O by crystallizing a solution of iron in hydrobromic acid.
Ferric bromide, FeBr31 is obtained as dark red crystals by heating iron in an excess of bromine vapour.
Owing principally to the large proportion of chloride and bromide of magnesia no animal life can exist in its water.
That happens with the silver chloride, and with the silver bromide if concentrated ammonia is used.
The results are stunning, fully archival Bromide prints, giving you the best of digital and analog technologies combined.
Acute intoxication by inadvertent oral ingestion of tiotropium bromide capsules is unlikely due to low oral bioavailability.
One lettuce sample contained inorganic bromide at levels 22 times the safety level  for young children.
Later, Talbot changed to using silver bromide to fix his prints.
For example, ammonia reacts with HBr to give ammonium bromide, NH 4 + Br - .
In case of long digestion, an excess of soluble bromide retards, but does not prevent the attainment of great sensitiveness.
These stock solutions are stored in the fume hood with the ethidium bromide.
Clinical data from nursing women exposed to tiotropium bromide are not available.
Ipratropium bromide does not penetrate the blood brain barrier.
Various strategies have been employed to ensure tight binding of the rocuronium bromide with the CD.
Patients should stop using tiotropium bromide and consult a physician immediately when signs and symptoms of narrow-angle glaucoma appear.
It is now a requirement to use virtually impermeable Film in methyl bromide treatments.
Operator protection A written Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH) assessment must be made before using methyl bromide.
Advisory notes Approved products containing methyl bromide are available for agricultural, horticultural, food storage and space spray use.
Toxic doses of propantheline bromide may produce non-depolarising neuromuscular blocking effects with paralysis of voluntary muscle.
Rupert shielded his eyes with his black velvet wrapped silver bromide glass plates.
Huntington (Berichte, 1882, 15, p. 80), from an analysis of the pure bromide, to be 111-9.
Aronheim, Ann., 1874, 171, p. 219); and by the action of ortho-xylylene bromide on sodium ethane tetracarboxylic ester, the resulting tetra-hydronaphthalene tetracarboxylic ester being hydrolysed and heated, when it yields hydronaphthalene dicarboxylic acid, the silver salt of which decomposes on distillation into naphthalene and other products (A.
The bromide may be prepared by the addition of bromine to an ethereal solution of diazo-amino-benzene (tribromaniline remaining in solution).
Soc., 1891, 59, p. 79 8); by the action of trimethylene bromide on disodio-propane tetracarboxylic ester; and by the reduction of isophthalic acid with sodium amalgam, the tetrahydro acids first formed being converted into hydrobromides and further reduced (A.
The bronchodilation following inhalation of ipratropium bromide is primarily local and site specific to the lung and not systemic in nature.
In the absorber a lithium bromide solution absorbs low-pressure refrigerant water vapor produced in the evaporator.
The mean value 112.467 was obtained by Baxter, Hines and Frevert (ibid., 1906, 28, p. 770) by analysing cadmium bromide.
Aluminium bromide, AlBr 3, is prepared in the same manner as the chloride.
Uranous bromide, UBr4, and uranous iodide, U14, also exist.